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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD PRODUCTION ENGINEERING *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/21026.33 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword production engineering ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319477053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Econophysics and Sociophysics: Recent Progress and Future Directions
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 256 p. 85 illus., 77 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Anindya S. Chakrabarti, Topology of the international trade network: size, asymmetry and volatility -- Attilio Stella, Optimal growth in the network of global economy -- Bikas K. Chakrabarti, Inequality in Societies, Academic
Institutions & Science Journals: Gini & k-indices -- Damien Challet, Market nanostructure insight into market stylized facts -- Deepak Dhar, Dynamical networks of agents with degree preference -- Diego Garlaschelli, Network
reconstruction, systemic risk, and early-warning signals -- Dipankar Gupta, Boundaries, Transgressions and Disciplinary Dynamics -- Emanuele Pugliese, New Metrics for Economic Complexity -- Fabrizio Lillo, Complex network methods for
systemic risk assessment -- Frédéric Abergel, Imperfections of financial markets: a limit order book perspective -- Harbir Lamba, Modelling momentum traders in a financial market using Prandtl-Ishlinskii operators -- Hideaki Aoyama,
Deflation and Money -- Irena Vodenska, Bi-partite network approach to predictability of financial markets and news sentiments -- János Kertész, Kinetics of Social Contagion -- Joshin Murai, A model of order signs under multiple order
splitting and public information -- Karmeshu, Stochastic Modelling of High Frequency Intra-day Stock Returns: Emergence of Cubic Power-Law -- Kimmo Kaski, Social Physics: Studies of in vivo / in situ human sociality -- Kousik
Guhathakurta, Comparing the complexity of emerging and developed stock markets using recurrence network analysis -- M.S. Santhanam, Records statistics and financial time series -- Marco Patriarca, The microscopic origin of the Pareto
law and other power-law distributions -- Matteo Marsili, Complexity driven collapse of economic equilibria -- Michele Caraglio, Bridging intraday and interday market behavior through scaling -- Parongama Sen, Segregation dynamics with
continuously varying utility factor -- Sandeep Juneja, Nearest neighbor based and other popular methods for pricing Bermudan options -- Sitabhra Sinha, Loss of structural balance in the network of cross-correlations characterizing a
financial market signals the onset of major economic crisis -- Stanislao Gualdi, A dynamic model of input-output production networks: general equilibrium stability and emergence of scale-free structures -- Taisei Kaizoji, Why does the
power law for share price hold? -- Takaaki Ohnishi, Real estate valuation using k-nearest neighbor regression -- Takayuki Mizuno, Statistically detecting stock bubbles before they burst -- Victor Yakovenko, Economic inequality from
statistical physics point of view -- Yoshi Fujiwara, Quantifying Financial Distress in a Nation-wide Production Network -- Yoshiyuki Arata, Macroeconomic Consequences of Lumpy Investment under Uncertainty -- Youngna Choi, Tracking
Financial Instability Contagion: modeling and data calibration -- Yuichi Ikeda, Community and Controllability of Global Production Network: Focusing on the Economic Crisis of 2008
ISBN:9783319477053
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Statistics , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks
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Call number:1848215533:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies
Author(s): Rezg
Date:2014
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (161 p.)
ISBN:9781848215535
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:1848214979:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Metaheuristics for Production Scheduling
Author(s): Jarboui
Date:2013
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (529 p.)
ISBN:9781848214972
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:1848213905:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electricity Production from Renewables Energies
Author(s): Robyns
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (289 p.)
ISBN:9781848213906
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:1848210175:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Production Scheduling
Author(s): Lopez
Date:2008
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (385 p.)
ISBN:9781848210172
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:1786300958:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems: Logistic Constraints and Leasing Warranty Services
Author(s): Rezg
Date:2016
Publisher:Wiley-ISTE
Size:1 online resource (181 p.)
ISBN:9781786300959
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Industrial Engineering
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Call number:1119238005:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy Production Systems Engineering
Author(s): Blair
Date:2016
Publisher:Wiley-IEEE Press
Size:1 online resource (833 p.)
ISBN:9781119238003
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Energy
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Call number:1118605330:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Media Production, Delivery and Interaction for Platform Independent Systems - Format-Agnostic Media
Author(s): Schreer
Date:2014
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (393 p.)
ISBN:9781118605332
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:0471754862:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Improving Production with Lean Thinking
Author(s): Santos
Date:2006
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (265 p.)
ISBN:9780471754862
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Industrial Engineering
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Call number:0471739111:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmentally Conscious Alternative Energy Production
Author(s): Kutz
Date:2007
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (337 p.)
ISBN:9780471739111
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:0470865210:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Content Production Technologies
Author(s): Hasegawa
Date:2004
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (215 p.)
ISBN:9780470865217
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Electrical & Electronics Engineering
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Call number:047023301X:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Environmentally Conscious Fossil Energy Production
Author(s): Kutz
Date:2009
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (369 p.)
ISBN:9780470233016
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Mechanical Engineering
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Call number:T357.S68::1983 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dimensioning and tolerancing for quantity production
Author(s): Merhyle Franklin Spotts 1895-
Date:1983
Publisher:Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J
Size:246
ISBN:0132146843
Keywords: Engineering drawings Dimensioning.
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Call number:TS176.X83::2009 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced design and manufacturing based on STEP
Author(s): Xun Xu (ed.)
Andrew Yeh Chris Nee (ed.)
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer
Size:481 p.
Contents:1. STEP in a Nutshell 2. Features-Based Process Planning Based on STEP 3. A Heuristic STEP-NC-Based Process Planning Tool for Sequencing NC Machining Operations 4. STEPNC++ - An Effective Tool for Feature-Based CAM/CNC 5. A STEP-Compliant Approach to Turning Operations 6. Circular Sawblade Stone Cutting Technology Based on STEP-NC 7. Open Platform Development for STEP-Compliant CNC 8. STEP-NC in Support of Machining Process Optimization 9. Achieving a STEP-NC-Enabled Advanced NC Programming Environment 10. STEP-Compliant CNC Systems, Present and Future Directions 11. Standardised Process Control System for CNC Manufacturing 12. A STEP-NC Compliant Methodology for Modelling Manufacturing Resources 13. Development of Digital Semantic Machining Models for STEP-NC Based on STEP Technology 14. Development of a STEP-NC Network Management Protocol for Decentralized Manufacturing 15. A Generic Product Modelling Framework for Rapid Development of Customised Products 16. STEP in the Context of Product Data Management 17. STEP in the Context of PLM 18. Usage of Agent Technology to Coordinate Data Exchange in the Extended Enterprise 19. An XML Implementation for Data Exchange of Heterogeneous Object Models 20. Module-Based Platform for Seamless Interoperable CAD-CAM-CNC Planning
ISBN:9781848827387
Series:Springer series in advanced manufacturing.
Keywords: Production engineering Data processing. , CAD/CAM systems.
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Call number:TA345.I53::1990 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:CAD systems in mechanical and production engineering
Author(s): Peter Ingham
Date:1990
Publisher:Industrial Press, New York, N.Y
Size:177
ISBN:0831130083
Keywords: Computer-aided design.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662492567:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Thermoelectricity
Author(s): H. Julian Goldsmid
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (278 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-49256-7
Contents:The Thermoelectric and Related Effects -- Theory of Thermoelectric Refrigeration and Generation -- Thermoelectric Properties of Metals and Semiconductors -- Optimization and Selection of Semiconductor Thermoelements -- Minimizing the
Thermal Conductivity -- The Improvement of a Specific Material – Bismuth Telluride -- Methods for the Production of Materials -- Measurement Techniques -- Review of Thermoelectric Materials -- Thermoelectric Modules and their
Application -- Transverse Devices -- Properties of Nanostructured Materials -- Thermionic Energy Conversion
ISBN:9783662492567
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science: 121
Keywords: Physics , Energy systems , Electric power production , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Power electronics , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Nanotechnology , Physics , Energy Technology , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Nanotechnology , Optical and Electronic Materials , Energy Systems , Power Electronics, Electrical Machines and Networks
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662484852:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamical Analysis of Non-Fourier Heat Conduction and Its Application in Nanosystems
Author(s): Yuan Dong
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48485-2
Contents:Introduction -- Dynamical governing equation of Non-Fourier Heat Conduction -- General Entropy Production based on Dynamic Analysis -- Non-Equilibrium Temperature in Non-Fourier Heat Conduction -- Dynamic Analysis of Onsager
Reciprocal Relations (ORR) -- Dynamical Analysis of Heat Conduction in Nanosystems and Its Application -- Conclusion
ISBN:9783662484852
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Nanotechnology , Physics , Thermodynamics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Nanotechnology , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Nanotechnology and Microengineering , Nanoscale Science and Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319306513:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy from Nuclear Fission An Introduction
Author(s): Enzo De Sanctis
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (278 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-30651-3
Contents:Part I. Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity -- 1. The Building Blocks of Matter -- 2. Radioactivity and Penetrating Power of Nuclear Radiation -- 3. Nuclear Reactions and Fission -- Part II. Nuclear Energy from Nuclear Fission -- 4.
Nuclear Reactors -- 5. Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection -- 6. Management of Radioactive Waste -- Glossary
ISBN:9783319306513
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Energy , Nuclear energy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Electric power production , Nuclear engineering , Energy , Nuclear Energy , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Engineering , Energy Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319265803:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scheduling Theory, Algorithms, and Systems
Author(s): Michael L Pinedo
Date:2016
Edition:5th ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-26580-3
Contents:Preface -- Supplementary Electronic Material -- Introduction -- Part I: Deterministic Models -- Deterministic Models: Preliminaries -- Single Machine Models (Deterministic) -- Advanced Single Machine Models (Deterministic) -- Parallel Machines Model s (Deterministic) -- Flow Shops and Flexible Flow Shops (Deterministic) -- Job Shops (Deterministic) -- Open Shops (Deterministic) -- Part II Stochastic Models -- Stochastic Models: Preliminaries -- Single Machine Models (Stochastic) -- Single Machine Mod els with Release Dates (Stochastic) -- Parallel Machine Models (Stochastic) -- Flow Shops, Job Shops and Open Shops (Stochastic) -- Part III Scheduling in Practice -- General Purpose Procedures for Deterministic Scheduling -- More Advanced General Purpose Procedures -- Modeling and Solving Scheduling Problems in Practice -- Design and Implementation of Scheduling Systems: Basic Concepts -- Design and Implementation of Scheduling Systems: More Advanced Concepts -- Examples of System Designs
and Implementations -- What Lies Ahead? -- Appendices
ISBN:9783319265803
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , System theory , Operations research , Management science , Probabilities , Industrial engineering , Production engineering , Mathematics , Operations Research, Management Science , Industrial and Production Engineering , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Systems Theory, Control
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319265421:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thorium Energy for the World Proceedings of the ThEC13 Conference, CERN, Globe of Science and Innovation, Geneva, Switzerland, October 27-31, 2013
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (253 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-26542-1
Contents:Welcome -- A Plea for Innovation -- A Future for Thorium Power -- Towards Sustainable, Secure and Safe Energy Future: Leveraging Opportunities with Thorium -- Thorium Energy and Molten Salt Reactor R&D in China -- The Japanese Thorium
Program -- Thorium Fuel Cycle activities in IAEA -- Overview of European Experience with Thorium fuels -- Overview of the Thorium Programme in India -- The UK’s Strategy on Thorium Nuclear Technologies -- Feasibility and Desirability
of Employing the Thorium Fuel Cycle for Power Generation -- MYRRHA: A Flexible and Fast Spectrum Irradiation Facility
ISBN:9783319265421
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear energy , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Electric power production , Nuclear engineering , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Nuclear Energy , Nuclear Engineering , Energy Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319263847:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Nonlinear Electrodynamics The QED Vacuum and Matter in Super-Strong Radiation Fields
Author(s): Hamlet K Avetissian
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (506 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-26384-7
Contents:1 Interaction of a Charged Particle with Strong Plane Electromagnetic Wave in Vacuum -- 2 Interaction of Charged Particles with Strong Electromagnetic Wave in Dielectric Media. Induced Nonlinear Cherenkov Process -- 3 Quantum Theory
of Induced Multiphoton Cherenkov Process -- 4 Cyclotron Resonance at the Particle - Strong Wave Interaction -- 5 Nonlinear Dynamics of Induced Compton and Undulator Processes -- 6 Induced Nonstationary Transition Process -- 7 Induced
Channeling Process in a Crystal -- 8 Nonlinear Mechanisms of Free Electron Laser -- 9 Electron-Positron Pair Production in Superstrong Laser Fields -- 10 Relativistic Quantum Theory of Scattering on Arbitrary Electrostatic Potential
and Stimulated Bremsstrahlung -- 11 Interaction of Strong Laser Radiation with Highly Charged Atoms-Ions -- 12 Interaction of Superstrong Laser Radiation with Plasma -- 13 High Harmonic Generation and Coherent X-Ray - y- Ray Radiation
in Relativistic Atomic-Ionic Systems -- 14 “Relativistic Nonlinear Electromagnetic Processes in Graphene -- Index
ISBN:9783319263847
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 88
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Particle acceleration , Atoms , Matter , Microwaves , Optical engineering , Physics , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Optics and Electrodynamics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319209494:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Production, Handling and Characterization of Particulate Materials
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (120 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20949-4
Contents:Preface -- Contributing Authors - Information -- Introduction -- Industrial Aspects of Crystallization -- Wet Colloid Synthesis: Precipitation and Dispersion -- Granulation and Tabletting -- Particulate Flow and Agglomeration in Food
Extrusion -- Comminution -- Atomization, Spraying and Nebulization -- Emulsification: Established and Future Technologies -- Mixing of Solid Materials -- Particle Separations by Filtration and Sedimentation -- Flotation --
Classification -- Storage and Discharge of Bulk Solids -- Solids Transport and Handling -- Sampling and Characterization of Bulk Particulate Materials and Products -- Index
ISBN:9783319209494
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Particle Technology Series: 25
Keywords: Physics , Chemical engineering , Nanochemistry , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Nanotechnology , Physics , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Nanotechnology , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Nanotechnology and Microengineering , Nanochemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319092539:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetics and Spectroscopy of Low Temperature Plasmas
Author(s): Jorge Loureiro
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (142 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-09253-9
Contents:Part I Electron Kinetics -- Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Electrical Discharges -- Chapter 2 Kinetic Description of a Plasma -- Chapter 3 Boltzmann Equation in Velocity Space -- Chapter 4 Boltzmann Equation with Time-Varying Fields --
Chapter 5 Electron, Transport, Ionization and Attachment -- Chapter 6 Presence of Space Charge Fields -- Part II Plasma Spectroscopy -- Chapter 7 Classification of Equilibria in Plasmas -- Chapter 8 Emission Spectroscopy -- Chapter 9
Absorption Spectroscopy -- Chapter 10 Laser Spectroscopy -- Chapter 11 Applications of Low-Temperature Plasmas.
ISBN:9783319092539
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Low temperature physics , Low temperatures , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Industrial engineering , Production engineering , Physics , Plasma Physics , Low Temperature Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Industrial and Production Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319069623:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cylindrical Liner Z-pinches as Drivers for Converging Strong Shock Experiments [electronic resource]
Author(s): Guy C Burdiak
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The thesisdescribes the development of an entirely new experimental platform for generating and studying converging radiative shock waves. It was discovered that the application of large magnetic pressures to gas-filledcylindrical metallic tubes coul d sequentially produce three shocks within the gas. A comprehensive set of instrumentation was devised to explore this system in detail and an exceptionally thorough experimental and theoretical study wascarried out in order to understand the source of th e shock waves and their dynamics.The research is directed towards some of the most interesting topics in high energy density physics (HEDP) today, namely the interaction of HEDmaterial with radiation and magnetic fields, with broad applications to inertia l confinement fusion (ICF) and laboratory plasma astrophysics. The work has alreadygenerated significant international interest in these two distinctresearch areas andthe results could have significant importance for magnetic ICF concepts being explored a t Sandia National Laboratories in the US and for our understanding of the very strong shock waves that are ubiquitous inastrophysics
Contents:Introduction
The MAGPIE Generator and Diagnostics
Plasma Formation and Ablation Dynamics in Thin
Foil Liners
The Interaction of Ablation from a Thin
Foil Liner with a Gas
Fill
Production and Evolution of Multiple Converging Radiative Shocks
Development of a Vacuum Resistive Voltage Divider
Conclusions and Future Work
ISBN:9783319069623
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion , Electric engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319061573:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantitative Recombination and Transport Properties in Silicon from Dynamic Luminescence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Johannes Giesecke
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Harmonically modulated luminescence combines the advantages of highly sensitive luminescence metrology with an immediate dynamic access to carrier lifetime in semiconductors at a minimum of required a priori information. Thepresent work covers theore tical, conceptual, and experimental advances of the harmonically modulated luminescence technique. Theoretical constraints of dynamic carrier lifetime techniques are rigorously elaborated, including the proofof their differential nature and their characte ristics at nonuniform spatial distributions of recombination rate. The pathway toward a unified, reliable, and versatile harmonically modulated carrier lifetime metrology is delineated -covering the entire solar cell production chain from bare ingots to f inished solar cells. Accurate access to miscellaneous relevant recombination and transport properties via harmonically modulated luminescence is demonstrated andexperimentally validated, embracing injection-dependent carrier lifetimes at extremely low inj ection conditions, a spatially resolved carrier lifetime calibration of luminescence images, and accurate approaches to both net dopantconcentration and minority carrier mobility
Contents:Introduction
Solar Cell Operation
Dynamics of Charge Carriers
Luminescence of Silicon
Harmonically Modulated Lifetime
Constraints of Dynamic Carrier Lifetime Techniques
Evolution of the Experimental Setup
Conceptual Advances: Recombination Properties
Conceptual Advances: Transport Properties
Summary and Outlook
ISBN:9783319061573
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electric engineering , Renewable energy sources , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319055213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2013) [electronic resource] : Proceedings, Antalya, Turkey, 9-12 October 2013
Author(s): Ahmet Yavuz Oral
Zehra Banu Bahsi
Mehmet Ozer
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2013) was held on 9-12 October, 2013. This three-day congress focused on the latest developments of sustainable energy technologies, materials forsustainable energy ap plications and environmental & economic perspectives of energy. These proceedings include 63 peer reviewed technical papers, submitted from leading academic and research institutions from over 23 countries,representing some of the most cutting edge resear ch available. The papers included were presented at the congress in the following sessions: General Issues Wind Energy Solar Energy Nuclear Energy Biofuels and Bioenergy Energy StorageEnergy Conservation and Efficiency Energy in Buildings Economical and Environmental Issues Environment Energy Requirements Economic Development Materials for Sustainable Energy Hydrogen Production and Storage Photovoltaic CellsThermionic Converters Batteries and Superconductors Phase Change Materials Fuel Cells Superconduc tors
Contents:Study of the Effect of Transition Metals on Titanium Dioxide Phase Transformation
Green Synthesized CdSe Quantum Dots Capped by 3
Mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) Sensitized Solar Cells
Study of the Thermal Decomposition of Some Components of Biomass by Desorption Mass Spectrometry
Thermal Properties of Algerian Diatomite, Study of the Possibility to its Use in the Thermal Insulation
Optimal Resource Allocation in Steel Making Using Torrefied Biomass as Auxiliary Reductant
Numerical Simulation of Cavity with an Upper Free Surface
Walk Optimization of a Drilling Operation Carried
ISBN:9783319055213
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v155
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electric engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004709:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Factors Governing Tin Whisker Growth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Erika R Crandall
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Tin (Sn) whiskers are electrically conductive, single crystal eruptions that grow from Sn film surfaces. Their high aspect ratio presents reliability problems for the electronics industry due to bridging and metal arcing, leadingto malfunctions and c atastrophic failures in many electronic systems (including satellite and defense sectors). Due to legislation in the EU, Japan, and the U.S., mandating a gradual shift from lead (Pb)-based to lead-free solders andboard finishes, there has been a reemergen ce of Sn whiskers. Continuing reports of Sn whisker induced failures coupled with the lack of an industry-accepted understanding of whisker growth and/or test methods to identify whisker proneproducts has made pure/high Sn substitutes a risky proposition in high reliability systems. This thesis is designed to clarify and control the fundamental mechanisms that govern whisker formation. The research focuses on reproduciblelaboratory created whiskers under a variety of rigorously controlled environmental fa ctors such as film thickness, film stress, substrate material, gas environment, and humidity exposure, which are known to play a significant rolein whisker production. The ultimate question of how to impede and/or prevent whisker growth is also addressed and shows that whisker prevention is possible via hard metal capping films, which are impenetrable by whiskers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Whiskers and Their Role in Component Reliability
Film/Substrate Effects on Whisker Growth
Environmental Effects of Whisker Growth
Whisker Mitigation and Prevention
Conclusions
ISBN:9783319004709
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Systems engineering , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461480020:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cell Formation in Industrial Engineering [electronic resource] : Theory, Algorithms and Experiments
Author(s): Boris Goldengorin
Dmitry Krushinsky
Panos M Pardalos
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book focuses on a development of optimal, flexible, and efficient models and algorithms for cell formation in group technology. Its main aim is to provide a reliable tool that can be used by managers and engineers to designmanufacturing cells ba sed on their own preferences and constraints imposed by a particular manufacturing system. This tool could potentially lower production costs by minimizing other costs in a number of areas, thereby increasingprofit in a manufacturing system. In the volume , the cell formation problem is considered in a systematic and formalized way, and several models are proposed, both heuristic and exact. The models are based on general clusteringproblems, and are flexible enough to allow for various objectives and const raints. The authors also provide results of numerical experiments involving both artificial data from academic papers in the field and real manufacturing datato certify the appropriateness of the models proposed. The book was intended to suit the broadest possible audience, and thus all algorithmic details are given in a detailed description with multiple numerical examples and informalexplanations are provided for the theoretical results. In addition to managers and industrial engineers, this book is int ended for academic researchers and students. It will also be attractive to many theoreticians, since it addressesmany open problems in computer science and bioinformatics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. The problem of cell formation
2. The p
Median problem
3. Application of the PMP to cell formation in group technology
4. The minimum multicut problem and an exact model for cell formation
5. Multiobjective nature of cell formation
6. Pattern
based heuristic for the cell formation problem in group technology
7. Branch
and
bound algorithm for bi
criterion cell formation problems
8. Summary and conclusions
A. Solutions to the 35 CF instances from [71]
Index
References
ISBN:9781461480020
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 1931-6828 : v79
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461450498:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Constructal Law and the Unifying Principle of Design [electronic resource]
Author(s): Luiz A.O Rocha
Sylvie Lorente
Adrian Bejan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Design happens everywhere, whether in animate objects (e.g., dendritic lung structures, bacterial colonies, and corals), inanimate patterns (river basins, beach slope, and dendritic crystals), social dynamics (pedestrian trafficflows), or engineered systems (heat dissipation in electronic circuitry). This design in nature often takes on remarkably similar patterns, which can be explained under one unifying Constructal Law. This book explores theunifying power of the Constructal Law and its applicatio ns in all domains of design generation and evolution, ranging from biology and geophysics to globalization, energy, sustainability, and security. The Constructal Law accountsfor the universal tendency of flow systems to morph into evolving configurations that provide greater and easier access over time. The Constructal Law resolves the many and contradictory ad hoc statements of optimality, enddesign, and destiny in nature, such as minimum and maximum entropy production and minimum and maximum flow resist ance, and also explains the designs that are observed and copied in biomimetics. Constructal Law and the UnifyingPrinciple of Design covers the fundamentals of Constructal Theory and Design, as well as presenting a variety of state-of-the-art applications . Experts from the biological, physical and social sciences demonstrate the unification ofall design phenomena in nature, and apply this knowledge to novel designs in modern engineering, such as vascularization for self-healing and self-cooling materials for aircraft, and tree fins and cavities for heat transferenhancement. Captures a world-wide movement toward design as science Defines the place of the Constructal Law in physics and thermodynamics Features an interdisciplinaryapproach that spans phys ics, biology, engineering and the social sciences Demonstrates that a single law of physics governs all the pheno
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface: Constructal law, design in nature, and complexity
1. The Constructal Design of Humanity on the Globe
2. Towards a Quantitative Unifying Theory of Natural Design of Flow Systems: Emergence and Evolution
3. Leaf Shapes and Venation Patterns
4. Drainage Basins Evolution with Non
Erodible Regions
5. Software Evolution and the Constructal Law
6. Constructal Design of High Conductivity Inserts
7. Constructal Design of T
shaped Water Distribution Networks
8. The Constructal Theory of Electrokinetic Transport through a Porous System
9. Constructal Theory Applied to
ISBN:9781461450498
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Geology , Biological models , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering , Engineering design
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461450436:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:China in Space [electronic resource] : The Great Leap Forward
Author(s): Brian Harvey
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The 21st century has seen the emergence, after the Soviet Union and the United States, of the third great space superpower: China. Here, in China in Space - The Great Leap Forward, Brian Harvey takes a contemporary look at thenew Chinese space progra m. China has already launched its first space station, Tiangong has sent its first spacecraft to the Moon, the Chang e and has plans to send spaceships to Mars and further afield. China's annual launch ratehas already overtaken those of both Europe and th e United States. Huge new production plants and launch centers are under construction, to build and launch the new family of Long March 5, 6, and 7 rockets. In Roadmap 2050, the Academyof Sciences indicates that China intends to be the leading spacefaring nation by mid-century, with bases on the Moon and Mars. This book gives an informed, fully up-to-date commentary on all aspects of the Chinese space program,including its history, development, technology, missions, and the personalities involved. It list s all the Chinese launches, missions, and terminology, going behind the press releases to draw on hitherto unused scientific papers andsources. China in Space is a unique, forward-looking account of the Chinese space program, covering its full range of mi ssions: manned, communications, scientific, military, technology-testing, and lunar
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The First Chinese Space Station
Medieval Rockets to First Satellites
The Program
Expanding the Space Program
Recoverable Satellites
Applying the Space Program
The Big Leaf Forward: Manned Spaceflight
To the Moon and Mars
Chinese Ambitions in Space
ISBN:9781461450436
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461443469:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Continuous-Time Markov Chains and Applications [electronic resource] : A Two-Time-Scale Approach
Author(s): G. George Yin
Qing Zhang
Date:2013
Edition:Second edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book gives a systematic treatment of singularly perturbed systems that naturally arise in control and optimization, queueing networks, manufacturing systems, and financial engineering. It presents results on asymptoticexpansions of solutions of Komogorov forward and backward equations, properties of functional occupation measures, exponential upper bounds, and functional limit results for Markov chains with weak and strong interactions. To bridgethe gap between theory and applications, a large p ortion of the book is devoted to applications in controlled dynamic systems, production planning, and numerical methods for controlled Markovian systems with large-scale and complexstructures in the real-world problems. This second edition has been update d throughout and includes two new chapters on asymptotic expansions of solutions for backward equations and hybrid LQG problems. The chapters on analytic andprobabilistic properties of two-time-scale Markov chains have been almost completely rewritten and the notation has been streamlined and simplified. This book is written for applied mathematicians, engineers, operations researchers,and applied scientists. Selected material from the book can also be used for a one semester advanced graduate-level cours e in applied probability and stochastic processes
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Prologue and Preliminaries: Introduction and overview
Mathematical preliminaries
Markovian models
Two
Time
Scale Markov Chains: Asymptotic Expansions of Solutions for Forward Equations
Occupation Measures: Asymptotic Properties and Ramification
Asymptotic Expansions of Solutions for Backward Equations
Applications:MDPs, Near
optimal Controls, Numerical Methods, and LQG with Switching: Markov Decision Problems
Stochastic Control of Dynamical Systems
Numerical Methods for Control and Optimization
Hybrid LQG Problems
References
Index
ISBN:9781461443469
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, 0172-4568 : v37
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization , Distribution (Probability theory) , Engineering mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783034802512:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Iris Runge [electronic resource] : A Life at the Crossroads of Mathematics, Science, and Industry
Author(s): Renate Tobies
Date:2012
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book concerns the origins of mathematical problem solving at the internationally active Osram and Telefunken Corporations during the golden years of broadcasting and electron tube research. The woman scientist Iris Runge,who received an interdis ciplinary education at the University of Gttingen, was long employed as the sole mathematical authority at these companies in Berlin. It will be shown how mathematical connections were made between statisticsand quality control, and between physical-chemi cal models and the actual problems of mass production. The organization of industrial laboratories, the relationship between theoretical and experimental work, and the role ofmathematicians in these settings will also be explained. By investigating the so cial, economic, and political conditions that unfolded from the time of the German Empire until the end of the Second World War, the book hopes to build abridge between specialized fields mathematics and engineering and the general culture of a particul ar era. It hopes, furthermore, to build a bridge between the history of science and industry, on the one hand, and the fields ofGender and Womens Studies on the other. Finally, by examining the life and work of numerous industrial researchers, insight wil l be offered into the conditions that enabled a woman to achieve a prominent professional position duringa time when women were typically excluded from the scientific workforce
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Authors Preface
1 Introduction
2 Formative Groups
3 Mathematics at The Osram and Telefunken Corporations
4 Interactions Between Science, Politics, And Society
5 Post
War Developments And Concluding Remarks
Appendix
Bibliography
Index of Names
ISBN:9783034802512
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Science Networks. Historical Studies : v43
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461405573:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Music and Color [electronic resource]
Author(s): Leon Gunther
Date:2012
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Physics of Music and Color deals with two subjects, music and color - sound and light in the physically objective sense - in a single volume. The basic underlying physical principles of the two subjects overlap greatly: bothmusic and color are ma nifestations of wave phenomena, and commonalities exist as to the production, transmission, and detection of sound and light. This book aids readers in studying both subjects, which involve nearly the entire gamutof the fundamental laws of classical as we ll as modern physics. Where traditional introductory physics and courses are styled so that the basic principles are introduced first and are then applied wherever possible, this book is basedon a motivational approach: it introduces a subject by demonstr ating a set of related phenomena, challenging readers by calling for a physical basis for what is observed. The book is based upon a course on the physics of music andcolor that has been taught at Tufts University since 1973, when the course was introduce d by Gary Goldstein and the author. Topics that are unusual for a book at this level and breadth include: a detailed non-mathematical summary ofthe principles of electricity and magnetism with the goal of understanding the basis for various audio devices as well as the physical essence of light and how it propagates as a wave extensive details on the calculation of colorcoordinates from a spectral intensity with different choices of primaries the relationship between color coordinates on a computer and th e color seen on a monitor. References to recent developments include the connection between theblueness of the ocean and the psycho-acoustic perception of combination tones in a sound wave. A major goal is to provide an understanding of basic principles, both conceptual and quantitative, that will allow the reader to haveincreased awareness of audial and visual experiences and to understand phenomena not discussed in the book. The Physics of Music and
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introductory Remarks
The Vibrating String
The Vibrating Air Column
Energy
Electricity, Magnetism, and Electromagnetic Waves
The Atom as a Source of Light
The Principle of Superposition
Propagation Phenomena
The Ear
Psychoacoustics
Tuning, Intonation, and Temperament
Chooising Frequencies for Musican Notes
The Eye
Characterizing Light Sources, Color Filters and Pigments
Theory of Color Vision
Appendices
ISBN:9781461405573
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Acoustics , Acoustics in engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441999788:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Helium Cryogenics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Steven W. Van Sciver
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9781441999788
Series:International Cryogenics Monograph Series
Series:e-books
Keywords: Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Low Temperature Physics , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Industrial and Production Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441993472:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Demand Flexibility in Supply Chain Planning [electronic resource]
Author(s): Joseph Geunes
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This work encapsulates the essential developments in this field into a single resource, as well as to set an agenda for further development in the field.This brief focuses on the demand flexibility in supply chains withfragmented results distributed throughout the literature. These results have strong implications for managing real-world complex operations planning problems. This book exploits dimensions of demand flexibility in supply chains andcharacterizes the best fit between demand properties an d operations capabilities and constraints. The origins and seminal works are traced in integrated demand and operations planning and an in-depth documentation is provided for thecurrent state of the art. Systems with inherent costs and constraints that mu st respond to some set of demands at a minimum cost are examined. Crucial unanswered questions are explored and the high-value research directions arehighlighted for both practice and for the development of new and interesting optimization models and algo rithms.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Scope of Problem Coverage and Introduction
2. Production and Inventory Planning Models with Demand Shaping
3. EOQ
Type Models with Demand Selection
4. Single
Period Stochastic Inventory Planning with Demand Selection
5. Dynamic Lot Sizing with Demand Selection and the Pricing Analog
6. Dynamic Lot Sizing with Market Selection
7. Assignment and Location Problems in Supply Chains
8. Branch and Price Decomposition for Assignment and Location Problems
9. Research Challenges in Supply Chain Planning with Flexible Demand
ISBN:9781441993472
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Optimization, 2190-8354
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization , Engineering economy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817681524:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Robust Maximum Principle [electronic resource] Theory and Applications
Author(s): Vladimir G Boltyanski
Alexander S Poznyak
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Both refining and extending previous publications by the authors, the material in thismonograph has been class-tested in mathematical institutions throughout the world. Covering some of the key areas of optimal control theory(OCT)a rapidly expanding field that has developed to analyze the optimal behavior of a constrained process over timethe authors use new methods to set out a version of OCTs more refinedmaximum principle designed tosolve the problem of constructing optimal control strategies for u ncertain systems where some parameters are unknown. Referred to as a min-max problem, this type of difficulty occurs frequently when dealing with finite uncertainsets. The text begins with a standalone section that reviews classical optimal control theory ,coveringthe principal topics of themaximum principle and dynamic programming and considering the important sub-problems of linearquadratic optimal control and time optimization. Moving on to examine the tent method in detail, the book thenpresents its co re material, which is a more robust maximum principle for both deterministic and stochastic systems.Theresults obtainedhave applicationsin production planning, reinsurance-dividend management, multi-model sliding mode control, and multi-model differential games. Key features and topics include: * A version of the tent method inBanach spaces * How to apply the tent method to a generalization of the Kuhn-Tucker Theorem as well as the Lagrange Principle for infinite-dimensional spaces * A detailed considerat ion of the min-max linear quadratic (LQ) controlproblem * The application of obtained results from dynamic programming derivations to multi-model sliding mode control and multi-model differential games * Two examples, dealing with production planning and reinsurance-dividendmanagement, that illustrate the use of the robust maximum principle in stochastic systems Using powerful new tools in optimal control theory, T
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
I Topics of Classical Optimal Control
1 Maximum Principle
2 Dynamic Programming
3 Linear Quadratic Optimal Control
4 Time
Optimization Problem
II Tent Method
5 Tent Method in Finite Dimensional Spaces
6 Extrenal Problems in Banach Space
III Robust Maximum Principle for Deterministic Systems
7 Finite Collection of Dynamic Systems
8 Multi
Model Bolza and LQ
Problem
9 Linear Multi
Model Time
Optimization
10 A Measured Space as Uncertainty Set
11 Dynamic Programming for Robust Optimization
12 Min
Max Sliding Mode Control
13 Mu
ISBN:9780817681524
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Systems theory , Mathematical optimization , Engineering mathematics , Vibration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780387878171:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling with Stochastic Programming [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alan J King
Stein W Wallace
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:While there are several texts on how to solve and analyze stochastic programs, this is the first text to address basic questions about how to model uncertainty, and how to reformulate a deterministic model so that it can beanalyzed in a stochastic se tting. This text would be suitable as a stand-alone or supplement for a second course in OR/MS or in optimization-oriented engineering disciplines where the instructor wants to explain where models comefrom and what the fundamental issues are. The book is easy-to-read, highly illustrated with lots of examples and discussions. It will be suitable for graduate students and researchers working in operations research, mathematics,engineering and related departments where there is interest in learning how to m odel uncertainty. Alan King is a Research Staff Member at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center in New York. Stein W. Wallace is a Professor ofOperational Research at Lancaster University Management School in England.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Uncertainty in Optimization
Modeling Feasibility and Dynamics
Modeling the Objective Function
Scenario tree generation, With Michal Kaut
Service network design, With Arnt
Gunnar Lium and Teodor Gabriel Crainic
A multi
dimensional newsboy problem with substitution, With Hajnalka Vaagen
Stochastic Discount Factors
Long Lead Time Production, With Aliza Heching
References
Index<
ISBN:9780387878171
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering, 1431-8598
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Numerical analysis , Mathematical optimization , Distribution (Probability theory) , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642179464:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Multi-Level Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Octavian Iordache
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is devoted to modeling of multi-level complex systems, a challenging domain for engineers, researchers and entrepreneurs, confronted with the transition from learning and adaptability to evolvability and autonomy fortechnologies, devices an d problem solving methods. Chapter 1 introduces the multi-scale and multi-level systems and highlights their presence in different domains of science and technology. Methodologies as, random systems,non-Archimedean analysis, category theory and specific t echniques as model categorification and integrative closure, are presented in chapter 2. Chapters 3 and 4 describe polystochastic models, PSM, and their developments. Categoricalformulation of integrative closure offers the general PSM framework which ser ves as a flexible guideline for a large variety of multi-level modeling problems. Focusing on chemical engineering, pharmaceutical and environmental casestudies, the chapters 5 to 8 analyze mixing, turbulent dispersion and entropy production for multi-sca le systems. Taking inspiration from systems sciences, chapters 9 to 11 highlight multi-level modeling potentialities in formalconcept analysis, existential graphs and evolvable designs of experiments. Case studies refer to separation flow-sheets, pharmace utical pipeline, drug design and development, reliability management systems, security and failureanalysis. Perspectives and integrative points of view are discussed in chapter 12. Autonomous and viable systems, multi-agents, organic and autonomic computi ng, multi-level informational systems, are revealed as promising domains forfuture applications. Written for: engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and students in chemical, pharmaceutical, environmental and systems sciences engineering, and for applied m athematicians
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Methodological Resources
Conventional PSM frames
New PSM frames
Mixing in chemical reactors
Compartmental systems
Turbulent mixing
Entropy
Formal concept analysis
Existential graphs
Evolvable designs of experiments
Autonomous systems perspective
ISBN:9783642179464
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 : v70
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441993656:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Second Law of Economics [electronic resource] Energy, Entropy, and the Origins of Wealth
Author(s): Reiner Kmmel
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nothing happens in the world without energy conversion and entropy production. These fundamental natural laws are familiar to most of us when applied to the evolution of stars, biological processes, or the working of an internalcombustion engine, but what about industrial economies and wealth production, or their constant companion, pollution? Does economics conform to the First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics? In this important book, ReinerKmmel takes us on a fascinating tour of these laws and their influence on natural, technological, and social evolution. Analyzing economic growth in Germany, Japan, and the United States in light of technological constraints oncapital, labor, and energy, Professor Kmmel upends conventional economic wisdom by showing that the productive power of energy far outweighs its small share of costs, while for labor just the opposite is true. Wealth creation byenergy conversion is accompanied and limited by polluting emissions that are coupled to entropy production. Th ese facts constitute the Second Law of Economics. They take on unprecedented importance in a world that is facing peakoil, debt-driven economic turmoil, and threats from pollution and climate change. They complement the First Law of Economics: Wealth is a llocated on markets, and the legal framework determines the outcome. By applying the First andSecond Law we understand the true origins of wealth production, the issues that imperil the goal of sustainable development, and the technological options that a re compatible both with this goal and with natural laws. The criticalrole of energy and entropy in the productive sectors of the economy must be realized if we are to create a road map that avoids a Dark Age of shrinking natural resources, environmental d egradation, and increasing social tensions
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441993656
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Engineering economy , Sustainable development , Environmental economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441975898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Aerogels Handbook [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michel A Aegerter
Nicholas Leventis
Matthias M Koebel
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries inGuinness World Record s. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systemsinvolving polymer-crosslinked aerogels an d interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantumdots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applicati ons for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production andstorage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recov ery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The AerogelsHandbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels , including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and theirpossible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspect s, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercialproducts, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field Appeals to a broad aud ience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academicresearch and industrial R&D Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels Describes military, aerospace, building indust
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441975898
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advances in Sol-Gel Derived Materials and Technologies
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Polymers , Materials , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857298232:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Power Flow Control Design [electronic resource] : Utilizing Exergy, Entropy, Static and Dynamic Stability, and Lyapunov Analysis
Author(s): Rush D Robinett III
David G Wilson
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nonlinear Powerflow Control Design presents an innovative control system design process motivated by renewable energy electric grid integration problems. The concepts developed result from the convergence of three research anddevelopment goals: to c reate a unifying metric to compare the value of different energy sources coal-burning power plant, wind turbines, solar photovoltaics, etc. to be integrated into the electric power grid and to replacethe typical metric of costs/profit to develop a new nonlinear control tool that applies power flow control, thermodynamics, and complex adaptive systems theory to the energy grid in a consistent way and to apply collectiverobotics theories to the creation of high-performance teams of people and key indivi duals in order to account for human factors in controlling and selling power into a distributed, decentralized electric power grid. All three of thesegoals have important concepts in common: exergy flow, limit cycles, and balance between competing power f lows. In place of the typical zero-sum, stability vs. performance, linear controller design process, the authors propose a uniqueset of criteria to design controllers for a class of nonlinear systems with respect to both performance and stability, and sea mlessly integrating information theoretic concepts. A combination of thermodynamics with Hamiltonian systemsprovides the theoretical foundation which is then realized in a series of connected case studies. It allows the process of control design to be vie wed as a power flow control problem, balancing the power flowing into a system againstthat being dissipated within it and dependent on the power being stored in it an interplay between kinetic and potential energies. Highlights of several of the case stu dies feature current renewable energy problems such as thefuture of electric power grid control, wind turbine load alleviation, and novel control designs for micro-grids that incorpo
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Theory
Introduction
Thermodynamics
Mechanics
Stability
Advanced Control Design
Part II: Applications: Case Studies
Case Study 1: Control Design Issues
Case Study2: Collective Plume Tracing: A Minimal Information Approach to Collective Control
Case Study 3: Nonlinear Aeroelasticity
Case Study 4: Fundamental Power Engineering
Case Study#5: Renewable Energy Microgrid Design
Case Study 6: Robotic Manipulator Design and Control
Case Study 7: Satellite Rendezvous and Docking Control
Case Study 8: Other
Part III: Advanced Topics
Sustainability o
ISBN:9780857298232
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Telecommunication , Production of electric energy or power , Renewable energy sources
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048188383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Critical Regimes of Two-Phase Flows with a Polydisperse Solid Phase [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eugene Barsky
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book brings to light peculiarities of the formation of critical regimes of two-phase flows with a polydisperse solid phase. A definition of entropy is formulated on the basis of statistical analysis of these peculiarities.The physical meaning of entropy and its correlation with other parameters determining two-phase flows are clearly defined. The interrelations and main differences between this entropy and the thermodynamic one are revealed. The mainregularities of two-phase flows both in critic al and in other regimes are established using the notion of entropy. This parameter serves as a basis for a deeper insight into the physics of the process and for the development ofexhaustive techniques of mass exchange estimation in such flows. The book is intended for graduate and postgraduate students of engineering studying two-phase flows, and to scientists and engineers engaged in specific problems of suchfields as chemical technology, mineral dressing, modern ceramics, microelectronics, pharmacolog y, power engineering, thermal engineering, etc. using flows with solid particles in their respective production methods
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Ideas of Mass Transfer Processes in Critical Regimes
Principles of Modeling Processes in Moving Media
System of Particles of the Same Size Class in a Critical Flow
System of Particles of Several Size Classes
Principal Statistical Relations of Mass Transfer in Critical Flow
Correlation Between the Apparatus and the Cell
Structural Model of Mass Transfer in Critical Regimes of Two
Phase Flows
Correlation Between Statistical and Empirical Results
Entropy of Composition: Optimization Criterion
Stability and Kinetic Aspects of Mass Distribution in Critical Regimes
ISBN:9789048188383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications, 0926-5112 : v93
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Chemical engineering , Mathematical optimization , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642112485:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Production Factor Mathematics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Martin Grtschel
Klaus Lucas
Volker Mehrmann
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Mathematics as a production factor or driving force for innovation? Those, who want to know and understand why mathematics is deeply involved in the design of products, the layout of production processes and supply chains willfind this book an indisp ensable and rich source. Describing the interplay between mathematical and engineering sciences the book focusses on questions like - How can mathematics improve to the improvement of technological processes andproducts - What is happening already? - Wher e are the deficits? - What can we expect for the future? 19 articles written by mixed teams of authors of engineering, industry and mathematics offer a fascinating insight of the interactionbetween mathematics and engineering
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction. Processes. Predictive Planning and Systematic Action
On the Control of Technical Processes
Data Compression, Process Optimization, Aerodynamics: A Tour Through the Scales
Active Flow Control
A Mathematical Challenge
Data Mining for the Category Management in the Retail Market
Networks. Planning Problems in Public Transit
Towards More Intelligence in Logistics with Mathematics
Optimization of Communication Networks
Mathematics in Wireless Communications
Mathematics of Chip Design
Materials and Mechanics. Chances and Visions of Advanced Mechanics
M
ISBN:9783642112485
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642106545:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polystochastic Models for Complexity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Octavian Iordache
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is devoted to complexity understanding and management, considered as the main source of efficiency and prosperity for the next decades. Divided into six chapters, the book begins with a presentation of basic concepts ascomplexity, emergence and closure. The second chapter looks to methods and introduces polystochastic models, the wave equation, possibilities and entropy. The third chapter focusing on physical and chemical systems analyzes flow-sheetsynthesis, cyclic operations of separation , drug delivery systems and entropy production. Biomimetic systems represent the main objective of the fourth chapter. Case studies refer to bio-inspired calculation methods, to the role ofartificial genetic codes, neural networks and neural codes for evo lutionary calculus and for evolvable circuits as biomimetic devices. The fifth chapter, taking its inspiration from systems sciences and cognitive sciences looks toengineering design, case base reasoning methods, failure analysis, and multi-agent manufact uring systems. Perspectives and integrative points of view are discussed in the sixth chapter with reference to the classification of sciences,cybernetics and its extensions, and to transdisciplinarity and categorification. Written for: engineers, researc hers, and students in chemical, biochemical, computing and systems science engineering, in neuroscience, psychology,philosophy and mathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Methods
Physical and chemical systems
Biosystems and bioinspired systems
Systems sciences and cognitive systems
Perspectives
ISBN:9783642106545
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Artificial intelligence , Differentiable dynamical systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642008757:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ervin B Podgorsak
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This well-received textbook and reference summarizes the basic knowledge of atomic, nuclear, and radiation physics that professionals working in medical physics and biomedical engineering need for efficient and safe use ofionizing radiation. Concentr ating on the underlying principles of radiation physics, it covers the prerequisite knowledge for medical physics courses on the graduate and post-graduate levels in radiotherapy physics, radiationdosimetry, imaging physics, and health physics, thus provi ding the link between elementary physics on the one hand and the intricacies of the medical physics specialties on the other hand. This expanded and revised second editionoffers reorganized and expanded coverage. Several of the original chapters have been split into two with new sections added for completeness and better flow. New chapters on Coulomb scattering on energy transfer and energy absorptionin photon interactions and on waveguide theory have been added in recognition of their importance. Others training for professions that deal with ionizing radiation in diagnosis and treatment as well as medical residents, students oftechnology and dosimetry,and biomedical engineering will find many sections interesting and useful for their studies. It also se rves as excellent preparatory materials for candidates taking professional certification examinations inmedical physics, medical dosimetry, and in medical specialties such as radiotherapy, diagnostic radiology, and nuclear medicine. From reviews of the fi rst edition: Any instructor teaching an introductory graduate-level course on theprinciples of medical physics should consider this book for adoption as a text cover[s] the principles themselves, and it covers them very well. (Medical Physics, January 200 6) a delight and ready-reference also to seasonedpractitioners This textbook, based on notes the author developed over the past 25 years of teaching radiation physics to MSc and PhD st
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Modern Physics
Coulomb Scattering
Rutherford Bohr Atomic Model
Production of X Rays
Two
Particle Collisions
Interaction of Charged Particles with Matter
Interaction of Photons with Matter
Energy Transfer and Energy Absorption in Photon Interactions with Matter
Interaction of Neutrons with Matter
Kinetics of Radioactive Decay
Modes of Radioactive Decay
Production of Radionuclides
Waveguide Theory
Particle Accelerators in Medicine
ISBN:9783642008757
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Nuclear medicine , Particle acceleration , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642008702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Emergence, Analysis and Evolution of Structures [electronic resource] : Concepts and Strategies Across Disciplines
Author(s): Klaus Lucas
Peter Roosen
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The study of structures and structure generating processes is a common concern of all scientific and technical disciplines. The present volume presents an interdisciplinary investigation of the different methods of analysis andmodelling which, while differing considerably in detail, usually have evolutionary adaption or development schemes at their core. The book naturally falls into three parts - a first part summarizing the transdisciplinary fundamentals,a second part discussing in detail case stud ies from various fields (production engineering, medicine, management, molecular biology, energy engineering, civil engineering, logistics, sociology, physics) and a shorter outlook on thetransdisciplinary perspective
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Transdisciplinary Fundamentals
Structures in the Disciplines: Case Studies
Transdisciplinary Perspective
ISBN:9783642008702
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Artificial intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783540747611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth [electronic resource]
Author(s): Govindhan Dhanaraj
Kullaiah Byrappa
Vishwanath Prasad
Michael Dudley
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Over the years, many successful attempts have been made to describe the art and science of crystal growth. Most modern advances in semiconductor and optical devices would not have been possible without the development of manyelemental, binary, ternar y, and other compound crystals of varying properties and large sizes. The objective of the Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth is to present state-of-the-art knowledge of both bulk and thin-film crystal growth.The goal is to make readers understand the ba sics of the commonly employed growth processes, materials produced, and defects generated. Almost 100 leading scientists, researchers, and engineers from 22 different countries from academiaand industry have been selected to write chapters on the topics o f their expertise. They have written 52 chapters on the fundamentals of bulk crystal growth from the melt, solution, and vapor, epitaxial growth, modeling of growthprocesses and defects, techniques of defect characterization as well as some contemporary s pecial topics. This unique effort will provide readers with a fundamental understanding of crystal growth with the latest instrumentation andtechniques available for crystal and thin-film fabrication. It is written and compiled for professionals and pract itioners, materials scientists, physicists, and chemists at universities and in industrial research and production. KeyTopics Crystal growth and characterization fundamentals Bulk crystal growth from the melt, solution, and vapor Thin-film epitaxial growt h Modeling of growth processes Defect formation and morphology Crystalline materialcharacterization and analysis Features Covers basic concepts, materials, properties, and fabrication. Contains over 1,200 color illustrations. Numerous comprehensive tables . Features exhaustive references to approved data. Fullysearchable DVD-ROM for quick access to data
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part A: Fundamentals of Crystal Growth and Defect Formation
Part B: Crystal Growth from Melt Techniques
Part C: Solution Growth of Crystals
Part D: Crystal Gowth from Vapor
Part E: Epitaxial Growth and Thin Films
Part F: Modeling in Crystal Growth and Defects
Part G: Defects Characterization and Techniques
Part H: Special Topics in Crystals Growth
About the Authors
Subject Index
ISBN:9783540747611
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Crystallography , Mechanical engineering , Materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441976048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Dynamics of Heat [electronic resource] A Unified Approach to Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
Author(s): Hans U Fuchs
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Based on courses for students of science, engineering, and systems science at the Zurich University of Applied Sciences at Winterthur, this text approaches the fundamentals of thermodynamics from the point of view of continuumphysics. By describing p hysical processes in terms of the flow and balance of physical quantities, the author achieves a unified approach to hydraulics, electricity, mechanics and thermodynamics. In this way, it becomes clear thatentropy is the fundamental property that is trans ported in thermal processes (i.e., heat), and that temperature is the corresponding potential. The resulting theory of the creation, flow, and balance of entropy provides the foundationof a dynamical theory of heat. This extensively revised and updated se cond edition includes new material on dynamical chemical processes, thermoelectricity, and explicit dynamical modeling of thermal and chemical processes. To make thebook more useful for courses on thermodynamics and physical chemistry at different levels, coverage of topics is divided into introductory and more advanced and formal treatments. Previous knowledge of thermodynamics is not required,but the reader should be familiar with basic electricity, mechanics, and chemistry and should have some knowledg e of elementary calculus. The special feature of the first edition the integration of thermodynamics, heat transfer,and chemical processes has beenmaintained and strengthened. Key Features: Presents a unified approach to thermodynamics and heat transpor t in fundamental physical and chemical processes First revised edition of a successfultext/reference in fourteen years More than 25 percent new material Provides worked examples, questions, and problem sets for use as a teaching text or for self testing I ncludes many system dynamics models of laboratory experiments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From Metaphors to Models of Heat
Processes, Energy, and Dynamical Models
Storage and Flow of Fluids and Electricity
Energy in Physical Processes
Transport and Balance of Momentum
Thermal and Chemical Processes
Storage, Flow, and Production of Heat
The Response of Simple Materials to Heat
Transformation and Transport of Substances
The Transport of Heat
Flow Systems and Convective Transports
Minimization of Entropy Production
A Dynamical Theory of Heat
Thermodynamics of Spatially Uniform Systems
Thermodynamics of Continuous Systems
Thermodynamics and
ISBN:9781441976048
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Thermodynamics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441911971:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Industrial Color Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Georg A Klein
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This unique book starts with a short historical overview of the development of the theories of color vision and applications of industrial color physics. The three dominant factors producing color - light source, color sample,and observer - are descr ibed in detail. The standardized color spaces are shown and related color values are applied to characteristic color qualities of absorption as well as of effect colorants. The fundamentals of spectrometric andcolorimetric measuring techniques together wi th specific applications are described. Theoretical models for radiative transfer in transparent, translucent, and opaque layers are detailed the two, three, and multi-flux approximationsare presented for the first time in a coherent formalism. These meth ods constitute the fundamentals not only for the important classical methods, but also modern methods of recipe prediction applicable to all known colorants. The textis supplied with 52 tables, more than 200 partially colored illustrations, an appendix, a nd a detailed bibliography. This work is recommended particularly for physicists, chemists, and engineers in color industry and related fields ofresearch, development, production, and processing this work provides the fundamentals over the widespread phys ical properties and applications of absorption and effect colorants and is suitable for both the beginner and experienceddeveloper. The author, Georg A. Klein, was awarded his Ph. D. in polymer physics from the University of Mainz, Germany. After several years of R&D in the chemical industry, he became a professor for physics, color physics, andtechnology of polymers at the University of Applied Sciences in Stuttgart. His extensive decades-long experience in color physics and color technology in Germany a nd abroad is condensed in the present book
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Light sources, types of colorants, observer
Optical radiation sources and interaction of light
Absorbing colorants
Effect pigments
Observer
References
Systems of standardized tristimulus values, color qualities, chroma of effect pigments
Systems of standardized tristimulus values
Color difference metrics and color tolerances
Color inconstancy and metamerism
Specific qualities of colorants
Colorimetry of effect pigments
References
Measuring Colors
Measuring of reflecting and transmitting materials
Measuring geometries
Uncertainties
ISBN:9781441911971
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v154
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemical engineering , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441911056:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hybrid Switching Diffusions [electronic resource] : Properties and Applications
Author(s): G. George Yin
Chao Zhu
Date:2010
Edition:First
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents a comprehensive study of hybrid switching diffusion processes and their applications. The motivations for studying such processes originate from emerging and existing applications in wireless communications,signal processing, queue ing networks, production planning, biological systems, ecosystems, financial engineering, and modeling, analysis, and control and optimization of large-scale systems, under the influence of random environment.One of the distinct features of the processes under consideration is the coexistence of continuous dynamics and discrete events. This book is written for applied mathematicians, applied probabilists, systems engineers, controlscientists, operations researchers, and financial analysts. Selected materi als from the book may also be used in a graduate level course on stochastic processes and applications or a course on hybrid systems. A large part of the bookis concerned with the discrete event process depending on the continuous dynamics. In addition to the existence and uniqueness of solutions of switching diffusion equations, regularity, Feller and strong Feller properties, continuousand smooth dependence on initial data, recurrence, ergodicity, invariant measures, and stability are dealt with. Numeri cal methods for solutions of switching diffusions are developed algorithms for approximation to invariant measuresare investigated. Two-time-scale models are also examined. The results presented in the book are useful to researchers and practitioners who need to use stochastic models to deal with hybrid stochastic systems, and to treat real-worldproblems when continuous dynamics and discrete events are intertwined, in which the traditional approach using stochastic differential equations aloneis no longer adequate
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction and Motivation
Switching Diffusion
Recurrence
Ergodicity
Numerical Approximation
Numerical Approximation to Invariant Measures
Stability
Stability of Switching ODE
Invariance Principles
Positive Recurrence: Multi
ergodic
class of Switching Processes
Stochastic Volatility Using Regime
switching Diffusions
Two
time
scale Switching Jump
diffusions
Appendix
References
ISBN:9781441911056
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, 0172-4568 : v63
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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