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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD PSYCHOLOGY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/8990.61 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword psychology ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319517063:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of the Human Mind
Author(s): Ihor Lubashevsky
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 380 p. 83 illus., 41 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Modeling of Human Behavior as Individual Branch of Physics and Mathematics -- Why Laws of Classical Physics Have Their Form -- Fodor-Kim Dilemma -- Strong Emergence via Constitutive Fields -- Non-Cartesian Dualism and Meso-Relational
Media -- Modeling of Human Behavior Within the Paradigm of Modern Physics -- Emergent Phenomena Caused by Bounded Capacity of Human Cognition -- Epilog: Physics and Human Mind -- References -- Index
ISBN:9783319517063
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy of mind , Neural networks (Computer science) , Cognitive psychology , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Mathematical Models of Cognitive Processes and Neural Networks , Cognitive Psychology , Philosophy of Mind , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:9783319436395:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Cyberemotions Collective Emotions in Cyberspace
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 318 p. 90 illus., 34 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction to Cyberemotions -- Part I Foundations -- Part I Foundations -- Part III Modeling -- Part IV Applications
ISBN:9783319436395
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Application software , Mass media , Communication , Social sciences in mass media , Experiential research , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Media Sociology , Psychology Research , Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences , Information Systems Applications (incl. Internet)
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Call number:9783319424248:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy Introduction and Essays on New and Changing Paradigms in Socio-Economic Thinking
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 232 p p.)
Contents:Non-Equilibrium Social Science & Policy -- Economics -- Social Psychology and Narrative Economy -- Sociology and Non-Equilibrium Social Science -- Geography far from Equilibrium -- Cities in Disequilibrium -- The Evolutionary Theory
of Globalization -- Systems, Networks, and Policy -- Towards a Complexity-Friendly Policy: breaking the vicious circle of equilibrium thinking in economic and public policy -- The Information Economy -- Complexity Science & the Art of
Policy Making -- The Complexity of Government -- The Room Around the Elephant: Tackling Context-Dependency in the Social Sciences -- Global Systems Science and Policy -- Index.
ISBN:9783319424248
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Operations research , Decision making , Complexity, Computational , Economic theory , Social sciences , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Methodology of the Social Sciences , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Complexity
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Call number:047097124X:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistics in Psychology Using R and SPSS
Author(s): Rasch
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (565 p.)
ISBN:9780470971246
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:0470683201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Positive Psychology at Work - How Positive Leadership and Appreciative Inquiry Create Inspiring Organizations
Author(s): Lewis
Date:2011
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Size:1 online resource (271 p.)
ISBN:9780470683200
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Business & Management
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Call number:0470536764:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Practicing Positive Psychology Coaching: Assessment, Activities, and Strategies for Success
Author(s): Biswas-Diener
Date:2010
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (172 p.)
ISBN:9780470536766
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Business & Management
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9784431553878:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Matrix and Tensor Variate Data Analysis
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (23 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-55387-8
Contents:1 Three-Way Principal Component Analysis with its Applications to Psychology (Kohei Adachi) -- 2 Non-negative matrix factorization and its variants for audio signal processing (Hirokazu Kameoka) -- 3 Generalized Tensor PCA and its Applications to I mage Analysis (Kohei Inoue) -- 4 Matrix Factorization for Image Processing (Noboru Murata) -- 5 Arrays Normal Model and Incomplete Array Variate Observations (Deniz Akdemir) -- 6 One-sided Tests for Matrix Variate Normal Distribution (Manabu Iwasa and Tos hio Sakata)
ISBN:9784431553878
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Statistics , Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319293493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dissent, Revolution and Liberty Beyond Earth
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29349-3
Contents:Introduction: Dissent, Revolution and Liberty in Space -- Future Generations and the Right to Dissent -- Architects of Revolution: Design Philosophies to Maximise Extraterrestrial -- Lunar Labor -- Disobedience in Outer -- Children
and Dissent - Managing Teenage Sturm und Drang in -- Art, Dissent and Revolution in Extraterrestrial -- Overlords, Vassals, Serfs: The Space Economy and the Return to -- An International Space Authority to Accelerate Revolutionary
Space Development -- What Happens To Dissent When Flight Is An Option? -- Power and Discipline in extra-terrestrial communities -- Frontier Freedom and the Cultural Imperative
ISBN:9783319293493
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Ethics , Astrobiology , Science , Law of the sea , International law , Personality , Social psychology , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Law of the Sea, Air and Outer Space , Ethics , Personality and Social Psychology , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319292281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Proceedings of ECCS 2014 European Conference on Complex Systems
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (48 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29228-1
Contents:Preface -- Detection of Non-Self-Correcting Nature of Information Cascade -- Fitting Planar Proximity Graphs on Real Street Networks. - Qualitative Methods for the Exploration of Complexity in Human Social Systems: Applications in
Family Psychology -- Tangible Networks: A Toolkit for Exploring Network Science -- The Geometric Origins of Complex Cities -- Revealing the Relation Between Structure of Chloroplast Genomes and Host Taxonomy -- Complex Synchronization
Patterns in the Human Connectome Network -- Structure of a Media Co-Occurrence Network -- Spatial Effects of Delay-induced Stochastic Oscillations in a Multi-Scale Cellular System -- An Agent-Based Modelling Approach to Biological
Invasion by Macroalgae in European Coastal Environments -- Characterisation of the Idiotypic Immune Network through Persistent Entropy -- Interests Propagation in Computer Science Research Community -- Nonparametric Estimation of the
Preferential Attachment Function in Complex Networks: Evidence of Deviations from Log Linearity -- N-Gram Events for Analysis of Financial Time Series -- Human Mobility and the Dynamics of Measles in Large Geographical Areas -- Does
Training Lead to the Formation of Modules in Threshold Networks? -- Understanding Financial News with Multi-layer Network Analysis -- Channel-Specic Daily Patterns in Mobile Phone Communication -- Investigating the Phonetic
Organisation of the English Language via Phonological Networks, Percolation and Markov Models -- An Agent-Based Model for Agricultural Supply Chains: the Case of Uganda -- Chimera States in Neuronal Systems of Excitability type-I --
Multiobjective Optimization and Phase Transitions -- Power Laws as Statistical Mixtures -- A Network-Based Analysis of the European Emission Market -- Dynamics of Commodity Price Fluctuations in Japan -- Understanding the Diffusion of
YouTube Videos -- Free Energy Rate Density and Self-organization in Complex Systems
ISBN:9783319292281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Data mining , System theory , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Complex Networks , Complexity , Complex Systems , Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401788250:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement and Probability [electronic resource] : A Probabilistic Theory of Measurement with Applications
Author(s): Giovanni Battista Rossi
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Measurement plays a fundamental role both in physical and behavioral sciences, as well as in engineering and technology: it is the link between abstract models and empirical reality and is a privileged method of gatheringinformation from the real wor ld. Is it possible to develop a single theory of measurement for the various domains of science and technology in which measurement is involved? This book takes the challenge by addressing the followingmain issues: What is the meaning of measurement? How do we measure? What can be measured? A theoretical framework that could truly be shared by scientists in different fields, ranging from physics and engineering to psychology isdeveloped. The future in fact will require greater collaboration between scienc e and technology and between different sciences. Measurement, which played a key role in the birth of modern science, can act as an essentialinterdisciplinary tool and language for this new scenario. A sound theoretical basis for addressing key problems i n measurement is provided. These include perceptual measurement, the evaluation of uncertainty, the evaluation ofinter-comparisons, the analysis of risks in decision-making and the characterization of dynamical measurement. Currently, increasing attention is paid to these issues due to their scientific, technical, economic and social impact. Thebook proposes a unified probabilistic approach to them which may allow more rational and effective solutions to be reached. Great care was taken to make the text a s accessible as possible in several ways. Firstly, by giving preferenceto as interdisciplinary a terminology as possible secondly, by carefully defining and discussing all key terms. This ensures that a wide readership, including people from different mat hematical backgrounds and different understandingsof measurement can all benefit from this work. Concerning mathematics, all the main results are preceded by intuitive discussions and illustrated by si
Contents:Part I: General Problems
1 Measurability
2 Uncertainty
Part II: Theory
3 The Measurement Scale: Deterministic Framework
4 The Measurement Scale: Probabilistic Approach
5 The Measurement Process
6 Inference in Measurement
7 Multidimensional Measurements
Part III: Applications
8 Perceptual Measurement
9 The Evaluation of Measurement Uncertainty
10 Evaluating Inter
Comparisons
11 Measurement
Based Decisions
12 Dynamic Measurement
Appendix
Bibliography
ISBN:9789401788250
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Measurement Science and Technology, 2198-7807
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Engineering , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400746381:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Mathematics Teacher in the Digital Era [electronic resource] : An International Perspective on Technology Focused Professional Development
Author(s): Alison Clark-Wilson
Ornella Robutti
Nathalie Sinclair
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume addresses the key issue of the initial education and lifelong professional learning of teachers of mathematics to enable them to realize the affordances of educational technology for mathematics. With invitedcontributions from leading sch olars in the field, this volume contains a blend of research articles and descriptive texts. In the opening chapter John Mason invites the reader to engage in a number of mathematics tasks that highlightimportant features of technology-mediated mathematic al activity. This is followed by three main sections: An overview of current practices in teachers use of digital technologies in the classroom and explorations of thepossibilities for developing more effective practices drawing on a range of research per spectives (including grounded theory, enactivism and Valsiners zone theory). Aset of chapters that share many common constructs (such asinstrumental orchestration, instrumental distance and double instrumental genesis) and research settings that have emer ged from the French research community, but have also been taken up by other colleagues. Meta-level considerationsof research in the domain by contrasting different approaches and proposing connecting or uniting elements
Contents:Contents
Opening section. Foreword: David Pimm
Introduction: Alison Clark
Wilson, Ornella Robutti and Nathalie Sinclair
Chapter 0: Interactions between teacher, student, software and mathematics: Getting a purchase on learning with technology: John Mason
Section A
Chapter 1: Exploring the quantitative and qualitative gap between expectation and implementation: A survey of English mathematics teachers uses of ICT: Nicola Bretscher
Chapter 2: Teaching with digital technology: Obstacles and opportunities: Michael Thomas and Joann Palmer
Chapter 3: A developmental model
ISBN:9789400746381
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics Education in the Digital Era, 2211-8136 : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Education , Mathematics , Education Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319079028:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Protos Mandate [electronic resource] : A Scientific Novel
Author(s): Nick Kanas M.D.
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In the 25th Century, the effects of overpopulation and global warming on Earth have led to the formation of human colonies on the Moon, Mars and elsewhere in the Solar System, yet the limited number of viable places forceshumanity to look to the star s.A crash program has been developed to send Protos 1, a giant multigenerational starship, to a newly discovered Earth-like planet orbiting a nearby star. The plan is for awake crewmembers to run the ship,and for people in suspended animation to be roused before planetfall to use their skills in exploration and colony formation. To fulfill the goals of the mission and ensure that the in-flight population does not deplete the limitedresources, the Protos Mandate is set up to govern a tightly controlled soc ial system for the duration of the journey, which will take several generations.But problems threaten to sabotage the mission during its launch and transit,and what finally awaits the crewmembers shocks them in an unpredictable way. This novel chronicles the trials and tribulations of this epic first interstellar mission. The scientific appendix at the end of the book discusses thechallenges of such an interstellar mission based on an extensive literature review, and it links these challenges to specific episodes in the novel. Issues that are considered include interstellar propulsion systems, economicconsiderations of interstellar flight, psychological and sociological factors inherent in a multigenerational space mission, problems with suspended animat ion, current knowledge of exoplanets, and issues related to colonizing a distantplanet and the possible discovery of extraterrestrial life.A history of interstellar missions in science fiction is also reviewed. Nick Kanas is an Emeritus Professor of Psyc hiatry at the University of California, San Francisco,where he directed the group therapy training program. For over 20 years he conducted research in group therapy, and for nearly 2
Contents:Preface
Part I The Novel: The Protos Mandate
Part II The Science behind the Fiction: Challenges of Manned Interstellar Travel
ISBN:9783319079028
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Psychology , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319038957:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Systems Engineering, Systems Thinking, and Learning [electronic resource] : A Case Study in Space Industry
Author(s): Hubert Anton Moser
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book focuses on systems engineering, systems thinking, and how that thinking can be learned in practice. It describes a novel analytical framework based on activity theory for understanding how systems thinking evolves andhow it can be improved to support multidisciplinary teamwork in the context of system development and systems engineering. This method, developed using data collected over four years from three different small space systems engineeringorganizations, can be applied in a wide var iety of work activities in the context of engineering design and beyond in order to monitor and analyze multidisciplinary interactions in working teams over time. In addition, the bookpresents a practical strategy called WAVES (Work Activity for a Evoluti on of Systems engineering and thinking), which fosters the practical learning of systems thinking with the aim of improving process development in differentindustries. The book offers an excellent resource for researchers and practitioners interested in s ystems thinking and in solutions to support its evolution. Beyond its contribution to a better understanding of systems engineering,systems thinking and how it can be learned in real-world contexts, it also introduce a suitable analysis framework that hel ps to bridge the gap between the latest social science research and engineering research.
Contents:Part I Introduction of the research project
Part II Analysis and findings of the empirical studies
Part III Results, intervention, and contributions
ISBN:9783319038957
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Engineering design , Astronautics , Business planning , Applied psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319028309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excel 2010 for Engineering Statistics [electronic resource] : A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
Author(s): Thomas J Quirk
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the first book to show the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach engineering statistics effectively. It is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solvepractical engineering problems. If understanding statistics isnt your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, a widely availablecomputer program for students and managers, is also an effecti ve teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in engineering courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics mucheasier than in years past. However, Excel 2010 for Engineering Statistics: A Guide to S olving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how to apply Excel tostatistical techniques necessary in their courses and work. Each chapter explains statistical formulas and directs the r eader to use Excelcommands to solve specific, easy-to-understand engineering problems. Practice problems are provided at the end of each chapter with their solutions in an Appendix. Separately, there is a full Practice Test (with answers in anAppendix) th at allows readers to test what they have learned. Includes 159 Illustrations in color Suitable for upper undergraduates or graduate students At the beginning of his academic career, Prof. Quirk spent six years ineducational research at The American Instit utes for Research and Educational Testing Service. He then taught Social Psychology, Educational Psychology, General Psychology, Marketing, Management, and Accounting at Principia College,and is currently a Professor of Marketing in the George Herbert Wal ker School of Business & Technology at Webster University based in St. Louis, Missour
Contents:Introduction
Sample size, mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean
Random number generator
Confidence interval about the mean using the TINV function and hypothesis testing
One
group t
test for the mean
Two
group t
test of the difference of the means for independent groups
Correlation and simple linear regression
Multiple correlation and multiple regression
One
way analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Index
ISBN:9783319028309
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319024479:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2012 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ulrich Weidmann
Uwe Kirsch
Michael Schreckenberg
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The 6th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics conference (PED2012) showcased research on human locomotion. This book presents the proceedings of PED2012. Humans have walked for eons our drive to settlethe globe began with a w alk out of Africa. However, much remains to discover. As the world moves toward sustainability while racing to assess and accommodate climate change, research must provide insight on the physical requirements ofwalking, the dynamics of pedestrians on the move and more. We must understand, predict and simulate pedestrian behaviour, to avoid dangerous situations, to plan for emergencies, and not least, to make walking more attractive andenjoyable. PED2012 offered 70 presentations and keynotes and 70 poster presentations covering new and improved mathematical models, describing new insights on pedestrian behaviour in normal and emergency cases and presenting researchbased on sensors and advanced observation methods. These papers offer a starting point for in novative new research, building a strong foundation for the next conference and for future research
Contents:Preface
Keynotes
Experiment and Evacuation
Simulation and Modeling
Psychology
Miscellaneous
ISBN:9783319024479
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Electronic data processing , Computer simulation , Computer science , Engineering mathematics , Civil engineering , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319015958:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Analysis, Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery [electronic resource]
Author(s): Myra Spiliopoulou
Lars Schmidt-Thieme
Ruth Janning
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Data analysis, machine learning and knowledge discovery are research areas at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics and statistics. They cover general methods and techniques that can be appliedto a vast set of app lications such as web and text mining, marketing, medicine, bioinformatics and business intelligence. This volume contains the revised versions of selected papers in the field of data analysis, machine learning andknowledge discovery presented during the 36th annual conference of the German Classification Society (GfKl). The conference was held at the University of Hildesheim (Germany) in August 2012
Contents:AREA Statistics and Data Analysis: Classifcation, Cluster Analysis, Factor Analysis and Model Selection
AREA Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery: Clustering, Classifiers, Streams and Social Networks
AREA Data Analysis and Classification in Marketing
AREA Data Analysis in Finance
AREA Data Analysis in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
AREA Interdisciplinary Domains: Data Analysis in Music, Education and Psychology
LIS Workshop: Workshop on Classification and Subject Indexing in Library and Information Science
ISBN:9783319015958
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization, 1431-8814
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Marketing , Philosophy (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493903177:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Test Equating, Scaling, and Linking [electronic resource] : Methods and Practices
Author(s): Michael J Kolen
Robert L Brennan
Date:2014
Edition:3rd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides an introduction to test equating, scaling, and linking, including those concepts and practical issues that are critical for developers and all other testing professionals. In addition to statisticalprocedures, successful equating, scaling, and linking involves many aspects of testing, including procedures to develop tests, to administer and score tests, and to interpret scores earned on tests. Test equating methods are used withmany standardized tests in education and psychology to ensure that scores from multiple test forms can be used interchangeably. Test scaling is the process of developing score scales that are used when scores on standardized testsare reported. In test linking, scores from two or more tests are related to one another. Linking has received much recent attention, due largely to investigations of linking similarly named tests from different test publishers or testsconstructed for different purposes. In recent years, researchers from the education, psychology, an d statistics communities have contributed to the rapidly growing statistical and psychometric methodologies used in test equating,scaling, and linking. In addition to the literature covered in previous editions, this new edition presents coverage of signi ficant recent research. In order to assist researchers, advanced graduate students and testing professionals,examples are used frequently, and conceptual issues are stressed. New material includes model determination in log-linear smoothing, in-depth pres entation of chained linear and equipercentile equating, equating criteria, test scoring,and a new section on scores for mixed-format tests. In the third edition, each chapter contains a reference list, rather than having a single reference list at the end of the volume The themes of the third edition include: * thepurposes of equating, scaling and linking and their practical context * data collection designs * statistical methodology * designing r
Contents:Introduction and Concepts
Observed Score Equating Using the Random Groups Design
Random Groups Smoothing in Equipercentile Equating
Nonequivalent Groups Linear Methods
Nonequivalent Groups Equipercentile Methods
Item Response Theory Methods
Standard Errors of Equating
Practical Issues in Equating
Score Scales
Linking
Appendices
Answers to Exercises
Computer Programs
Index
ISBN:9781493903177
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Educational tests and measurements , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461496021:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of Neural Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert E Kass
Uri T Eden
Emery N Brown
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Continual improvements in data collection and processing have had a huge impact on brain research, producing data sets that are often large and complicated. By emphasizing a few fundamental principles, and a handful of ubiquitoustechniques, Analysis of Neural Data provides a unified treatment of analytical methods that have become essential for contemporary researchers. Throughout the book ideas are illustrated with more than 100 examples drawn from theliterature, ranging from electrophysiology, to n euroimaging, to behavior. By demonstrating the commonality among various statistical approaches the authors provide the crucial tools for gaining knowledge from diverse types of data.Aimed at experimentalists with only high-school level mathematics, as we ll as computationally-oriented neuroscientists who have limited familiarity with statistics, Analysis of Neural Data serves as both a self-contained introductionand a reference work
Contents:Introduction
Exploring Data
Probability and Random Variables
Random Vectors
Important Probability Distributions
Sequences of Random Variables
Estimation and Uncertainty
Estimation in Theory and Practice
Uncertainty and the Bootstrap
Statistical Significance
General Methods for Testing Hypotheses
Linear Regression
Analysis of Variance
Generalized Regression
Nonparametric Regression
Bayesian Methods
Multivariate Analysis
Time Series
Point Processes
Appendix: Mathematical Background
Example Index
Index
Bibliography
ISBN:9781461496021
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Neurosciences , Mathematical statistics , Psychology, clinical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642329142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Panel Data Analysis for Economic and Social Surveys [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans-Jrgen Andre
Katrin Golsch
Alexander W Schmidt
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many economic and social surveys are designed as panel studies, which provide important data for describing social changes and testing causal relations between social phenomena. This textbook shows how to manage, describe, andmodel these kinds of dat a. It presents models for continuous and categorical dependent variables, focusing either on the level of these variables at different points in time or on their change over time. It covers fixed and randomeffects models, models for change scores and even t history models. All statistical methods are explained in an application-centered style using research examples from scholarly journals, which can be replicated by the reader throughdata provided on the accompanying website. As all models are compared to each other, it provides valuable assistance with choosing the right modelin applied research. The textbook is directed at master and doctoral students as wellas applied researchers in the social sciences, psychology, business administration and economics . Readers should be familiar with linear regression and have a good understanding of ordinary least squares estimation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: Benefits and challenges of the panel design
Outline of the book
Audience and prerequisites
Acknowledgements
Managing panel data: The nature of panel data
The basics of panel data management
Three case studies on poverty in Germany
How to represent a population with panel data?
Conclusion and further reading
Describing and modeling panel data: Some basic terminology
Measurements over time are not independent
Describing the dependent variable
Explaining the dependent variable over time: typical explanatory variables
Modeling panel data
Est
ISBN:9783642329142
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642314360:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complex Human Dynamics [electronic resource] : From Mind to Societies
Author(s): Andrzej Nowak
Katarzyna Winkowska-Nowak
David Bre
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book, edited and authored by a closely collaborating network of social scientists and psychologists, recasts typical research topics in these fields into the language of nonlinear, dynamic and complex systems. The aim is toprovide scientists wit h different backgrounds - physics, applied mathematics and computer sciences - with the opportunity to apply the tools of their trade to an altogether new range of possible applications. At the same time, thisbook will serve as a first reference for a new generation of social scientists and psychologists wishing to familiarize themselves with the new methodology and the thinking in complexity
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Dynamical Social Psychology: An Introduction
Understanding Cognition Through Functional Connectivity
A Dynamical Systems Approach to Conceptualizing and Investigating the Self
Novelty Recognition Models
The Dynamics of Patterns of Commitment in Sports
Conflict and the Complexity of Cognitive Processes
Social Entrepreneurs Open Closed Worlds: The Transformative Influence of Weak Ties
A Dynamic Approach to Multicultural Integration
Social Change Initiated by Social Entrepreneurs
Interpersonal Fluency: Toward a Model of Coordination and Affect in Social Relat
ISBN:9783642314360
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Social sciences , Engineering , Social sciences Methodology , Consciousness
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319006307:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excel 2010 for Physical Sciences Statistics [electronic resource] : A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
Author(s): Thomas J Quirk
Meghan Quirk
Howard Horton
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the first book to show the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach physical sciences statistics effectively. It is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solvepractical science problem s. If understanding statistics isnt your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Each chapter explains statisticalformulas and directs the reader to use Excel command s to solve specific, easy-to-understand science problems. Practice problems are provided at the end of each chapter with their solutions in an appendix. Separately, there is a fullPractice Test (with answers in an Appendix) that allows readers to test wha t they have learned. Includes 159 illustrations in color. Suitable for undergraduates or graduate students. Professor.Thomas J. Quirk is currently a Professor of Marketing in the Walker School of Business and Technology at Webster University in St. Loui s, Missouri (USA). He has published over 20 articles in professional journals and presented morethan 20 papers at professional conferences. He holds a B.S. in Mathematics from John Carroll University, and both an M.A. in Education and a Ph.D. in Education al Psychology from Stanford University, as well as an M.B.A. from theUniversity of Missouri-St. Louis. Dr. Meghan H. Quirk holds both a Ph.D. in Biological Education and an M.A. in Biological Sciences from the University of Northern Colorado (UNC) and a B .A. in Biology and Religion at Principia Collegein Elsah, Illinois. She has done research on foodweb dynamics at Wind Cave National Park in South Dakota and research in agro-ecology in Southern Belize. She has co-authored an article on shortgrass steppe e cosystems in Photochemistry& Photobiology. She was a National Science Foundation Fellow GK-12, and currently teaches in Bailey, Colorado. Howard F. Horton holds an
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783319006307
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000350:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Algorithms from and for Nature and Life [electronic resource] : Classification and Data Analysis
Author(s): Berthold Lausen
Dirk Van den Poel
Alfred Ultsch
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume provides approaches and solutions to challenges occurring at the interface of research fields such as, e.g., data analysis, data mining and knowledge discovery, computer science, operations research, and statistics. Inaddition to theory-o riented contributions various application areas are included. Moreover, traditional classification research directions concerning network data, graphs, and social relationships as well as statistical musicologydescribe examples for current interest fields tackled by the authors. The book comprises a total of 55 selected papers presented at the Joint Conference of the German Classification Society (GfKl),the German Association for PatternRecognition (DAGM), and the Symposium of the International Federation of Classification Societies (IFCS) in 2011
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Invited
Clustering and Unsupervised Learning
Statistical Data Analysis, Visualization and Scaling
Bioinformatics and Biostatistics
Archaeology and Geography, Psychology and Educational Sciences
Text Mining, Social Networks and Clustering
Banking and Finance
Marketing and Management
Music Classification Workshop
ISBN:9783319000350
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization, 1431-8814
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Social sciences Data processing , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics , Operations research
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034802376:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Tower of Hanoi Myths and Maths [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andreas M Hinz
Sandi Klavar
Uro Milutinovi
Ciril Petr
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the first comprehensive monograph on the mathematical theory of the solitaire game The Tower of Hanoi which was invented in the 19th century by the French number theorist douard Lucas. The book comprises a surveyof the historical development from the games predecessors up to recent research in mathematics and applications in computer science and psychology. Apart from long-standing myths it contains a thorough, largely self-containedpresentation of the essential mathematical facts with comple te proofs, including also unpublished material. The main objects of research today are the so-called Hanoi graphs and the related Sierpiski graphs. Acknowledging the greatpopularity of the topic in computer science, algorithms and their correctness proofs form an essential part of the book. In view of the most important practical applications of the Tower of Hanoi and its variants, namely in physics,network theory, and cognitive (neuro)psychology, other related structures and puzzles like, e.g., the Tower of London, are addressed. Numerous captivating integer sequences arise along the way, but also many open questions imposethemselves. Central among these is the famed Frame-Stewart conjecture. Despite many attempts to decide it and large-scale numerical e xperiments supporting its truth, it remains unsettled after more than 70 years and thus demonstratesthe timeliness of the topic. Enriched with elaborate illustrations, connections to other puzzles and challenges for the reader in the form of (solved) exer cises as well as problems for further exploration, this book is enjoyablereading for students, educators, game enthusiasts and researchers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword by Ian Stewart
Preface
0 The Beginning of the World
1 The Chinese Rings
2 The Classical Tower of Hanoi
3 Lucass Second Problem
4 Sierpinski Graphs
5 The Tower of Hanoi with More Pegs
6 Variations of the Puzzle
7 The Tower of London
8 Tower of Hanoi Variants with Oriented Disc Moves
9 The End of the World
A Hints and Solutions to Exercises
Glossary
Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index
Symbol Index
ISBN:9783034802376
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer software , Sequences (Mathematics) , Combinatorics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461457435:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistics and Measurement Concepts with OpenStat [electronic resource]
Author(s): William Miller
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This statistics book is designed for use with the OpenStat statistics program,an open-source software developedby William Miller. This book and thecorresponding free programcovers a broad spectrum of statistical theoryandtechniques. OpenStatusers are researchers and students in the social sciences,education, psychology, nursing and medicinewho benet from the hands on approach to Statistics. During and upon completionof courses inStatistics or measurement, students and future researchers need a lowcos t computer program available to them, and OpenStat lls this void. The softwareis used in Statistics courses around the worldwith over 50,000 downloads peryear. Also available is a users manual thatcoversapplications of the OpenStat software, including mea surement,ANOVA, regression analyses, simulation, product-moment and partial correlations,and logistic regression.Thisbook and the companion Users Manual are important learning tools that explain thestatistics behind the many analyses possible with the pro gram and demonstratethese analyses.
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781461457435
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461457404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:OpenStat Reference Manual [electronic resource]
Author(s): William Miller
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This reference manual for the OpenStat software, an open-source software developed by William Miller, coversa broad spectrum ofstatisticalmethods and techniques.A unique feature is its compatibility with many otherstatistical programs. OpenStat users are researchers and students in thesocial sciences,education, orpsychology, who benefit from the hands on approach to Statistics.During and upon completion of courses in Statistics ormeasurement, students and future researchers need a low cost computer p rogram available to them, and OpenStat fills this void. The software is used in Statistics courses around the world with over 50,000 downloads per year. The manualcovers all functions of the OpenStat software, including measurement, ANOVAS, regression ana lyses, simulations, product-moment and partial correlations, and logistic regression. The manual is an important learning tool that explainsthe Statistics behind the many analyses possible with the program and demonstrates these analyses. William Miller h as a diverse background in Industrial Technology, Psychology, Statistics and Measurement. He has taught courses inElectronics, computer programming, educational psychology, measurement and statistics and published many articles in these subject areas He h as taught statistics for over 30 years and developed a number of statistical packages forfree use by educators and researchers in a variety of fields including education, psychology, medicine, economics and geology. He received his PhD. from the Universit y of Iowa in Educational Psychology, Statistics and Measurement.His academic experiences include director of two university computing centers, director of a counseling center and assistant to a university president for information services in addition to his teaching
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:OPENSTAT REFERENCE MANUAL
PREFACE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
INSTALLING OPENSTAT
STARTING OPENSTAT
FILES
CREATING A FILE
ENTERING DATA
SAVING A FILE
DISTRIBUTIONS
DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSES
VERSUS Y PLOTS
VERSUS MULTIPLE Y PLOT
CORRELATION
COMPARISONS
MULTIVARIATE
NON
PARAMETRIC
MEASUREMENT
STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
THE ITEM BANKING PROGRAM
NEURAL NETWORKS
USING THE PROGRAM
EXAMPLES
INDEX
ISBN:9781461457404
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461456964:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Bayesian Statistics [electronic resource] : With R and OpenBUGS Examples
Author(s): Mary Kathryn Cowles
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is based on over a dozen years teaching a Bayesian Statistics course. The material presented here has been used by students of different levels and disciplines, including advanced undergraduates studying Mathematics andStatistics and studen ts in graduate programs in Statistics, Biostatistics, Engineering, Economics, Marketing, Pharmacy, and Psychology. The goal of the book is to impart the basics of designing and carrying out Bayesian analyses, andinterpreting and communicating the results. In addition, readers will learn to use the predominant software for Bayesian model-fitting, R and OpenBUGS. The practical approach this book takes will help students of all levels to buildunderstanding of the concepts and procedures required to answer re al questions by performing Bayesian analysis of real data. Topics covered include comparing and contrasting Bayesian and classical methods, specifying hierarchicalmodels, and assessing Markov chain Monte Carlo output. Mary Kathryn(Kate) Cowles taught Suzu ki piano for many years before going to graduate school in Biostatistics. Her research areas are Bayesian and computational statistics,with application to environmental science. She is on the faculty of Statistics at The University of Iowa
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is Bayesian statistics?
Review of probability
Introduction to one
parameter models
Inference for a population proportion
Special considerations in Bayesian inference
Other one
parameter models and their conjugate priors
More realism please: Introduction to multiparameter models
Fitting more complex Bayesian models: Markov chain Monte Carlo
Hierarchical models, and more on convergence assessment
Regression and hierarchical regression models
Model Comparison, Model Checking, and Hypothesis Testing
References
Index
ISBN:9781461456964
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X : v98
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400755482:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complexity in Chemistry and Beyond: Interplay Theory and Experiment [electronic resource] : New and Old Aspects of Complexity in Modern Research
Author(s): Craig Hill
Djamaladdin G Musaev
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Complexity occurs in biological and synthetic systems alike. This general phenomenon has been addressed in recent publications by investigators in disciplines ranging from chemistry and biology to psychology and philosophy.Studies of complexity for m olecular scientists have focussed on breaking symmetry, dissipative processes, and emergence. Investigators in the social and medical sciences have focused on neurophenomenology, cognitive approaches andself-consciousness. Complexity in both structure and function is inherent in many scientific disciplines of current significance and also in technologies of current importance that are rapidly evolving to address global societalneeds. Several of these multifaceted scientific disciplines are addressed in th is book including complexity from the general and philosophical perspective, magnetic phenomena, control of self assembly and function in largemulticomponent clusters, application of theory to probe structure and mechanism in highly complex molecular spec ies, and the design of multifunctional nanoscale molecules of value in decontamination and solar fuels research. Eachchapter is both a review and addresses some ongoing challenges, thus each should provide a good preparation for further work in these high ly active areas of research endeavour.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Challenges of Complexity in Chemistry and Beyond K. Mainzer
Emergence, breaking symmetry and neurophenomenology as pillars of chemical tenets A. Dei
Complexity in Molecular Magnetism D. Gatteschi
Rational Design of Single
Molecule Magnets T.Glaser
Emergence in Inorganic Polyoxometalate Cluster Systems: From Dissipative Dynamics to Artificial Life L. Cronin
.The Amazingly Complex Behaviour of Molybdenum Blue Solutions E. Diemann and A. Mller
Encapsulated Water Molecules in Polyoxometalates. Insights from Molecular Dynamics P. Mir and C. Bo
Organometallic Dendrimers: De
ISBN:9789400755482
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, inorganic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789031398119:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Een verslaving in huis [electronic resource] : Zelfhulpboek voor naastbetrokkenen
Author(s): Robert J Meyers
Brenda L Wolfe
Date:2012
Publisher:Houten : Bohn Stafleu van Loghum : Imprint: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Get your loved one sober
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9789031398119
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Medicine , Behavioral Therapy , Psychology, clinical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642304811:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Total Addiction [electronic resource] : The Life of an Eclipse Chaser
Author(s): Kate Russo
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Seeing a total solar eclipse is often described as a once-in-a-lifetime experience.However, for many who have experienced totality, once-in-a-lifetime is simply not enough.They want more, and are willing to go to great lengthsoften at great expense t o repeat the experience.What is it like to experience totality?What is it about the experience that motivates these eclipse chasers?Is there an eclipse chaser personality? Can eclipse chasing actually bedescribed as an addiction?This book describes the pe ople who dedicate their lives to chasing their dream
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Eclipse
Chasing: Context and Background
The Total Eclipse
Interviews with Eclipse Chasers
Making Sense of Eclipse Chaser'sExperiences
Future Eclipses and Eclipse Chasing Information
ISBN:9783642304811
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Mathematics , Psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642304804:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Total Addiction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kate Russo
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Popular science
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642304804
Series:e-books
Keywords: Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Popular Science in Psychology , Popular Science in Mathematics/Computer Science/Natural Science/Technology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642295997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Natural Fabrications [electronic resource] : Science, Emergence and Consciousness
Author(s): William Seager
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The spectacular success of the scientific enterprise over the last four hundred years has led to the promise of an all encompassing vision of the natural world. In this elegant picture, everything we observe is based upon just afew fundamental proces ses and entities. The almost infinite variety and complexity of the world is thus the product of emergence. But the concept of emergence is fraught with controversy and confusion. This book ponders the question ofhow emergence should be understood within the scientific picture, and whether a complete vision of the world can be attained that includes consciousness
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Scientific Picture of the World
Looking Out
Looking In
Consciousness in the Brain
Emergence and Consciousness
Emergence and Cellular Automata
Against Radical Emergence
Emergence and Supervenience
Generalized Epiphenomenalism
The Paradox of Consciousness
Embracing the Mystery
ISBN:9783642295997
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Philosophy of mind , Neurobiology , Psychology, clinical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461445296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Textbook of Graph Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): R Balakrishnan
K Ranganathan
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Graph theory experienced a tremendous growth in the 20th century. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon is the applicability of graph theory in other disciplines such as physics, chemistry, psychology, sociology, andtheoretical computer science . This textbook provides a solid background in the basic topics of graph theory, and is intended for an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course in graph theory. This second edition includestwo new chapters: one on domination in graphs and the other on the spectral properties of graphs, the latterincluding a discussion on graph energy. The chapter on graph colorings has been enlarged, covering additional topics suchas homomorphisms and colorings and the uniqueness of the Mycielskian up to isom orphism. This book also introduces several interesting topics such as Dirac's theorem on k-connected graphs, Harary-Nashwilliam's theorem on thehamiltonicity of line graphs, Toida-McKee's characterization of Eulerian graphs, the Tutte matrix of a graph, F ournier's proof of Kuratowski's theorem on planar graphs, the proof of the nonhamiltonicity of the Tutte graph on 46vertices, and a concrete application of triangulated graphs
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
1 Basic Results
2 Directed Graphs
3 Connectivity
4 Trees
5 Independent Sets and Matchings
6 Eulerian and Hamiltonian Graphs
7 Graph Colorings
8 Planarity
9 Triangulated Graphs
10 Domination in Graphs
11 Spectral Properties of Graphs
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9781461445296
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Universitext, 0172-5939
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461444756:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Psychophysical Data in R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kenneth Knoblauch
Laurence T Maloney
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many of the commonly used methods for modeling and fitting psychophysical data are special cases of statistical procedures of great power and generality, notably the Generalized Linear Model (GLM). This book illustrates how to fitdata from a variety of psychophysical paradigms using modern statistical methods and the statistical language R.The paradigms include signal detection theory, psychometric function fitting, classification images and more. In twochapters, recently developed methods for scalin g appearance, maximum likelihood difference scaling and maximum likelihood conjoint measurement are examined.The authors also consider the applicationof mixed-effects models topsychophysical data. R is an open-source programming language that is widely us ed by statisticians and is seeing enormous growth in its application to data in all fields. It is interactive, containing many powerful facilities foroptimization, model evaluation, model selection, and graphical display of data. The reader who fits data in R can readily make use of these methods. The researcher who uses R to fit and model his data has access to most recentlydeveloped statistical methods. This book does not assume that the reader is familiar with R, and a little experience with any progra mming language is all that is needed to appreciate this book. There are large numbers of examples of Rin the text and the source code for all examples is available in an R package MPDiR available through R. Kenneth Knoblauch is a researcher in the Departm ent of Integrative Neurosciences in Inserm Unit 846, The Stem Cell and BrainResearch Institute and associated with the University Claude Bernard, Lyon 1, in France. Laurence T. Maloney is Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University. His research focusses on applications of mathematicalmodels to perception, motor control and decision making
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A First Tour through R by Example
Modeling in R
Signal Detection Theory (SDT)
The Psychometric Function: Introduction
The Psychometric Function: Continuation
Classification Images
Maximum Likelihood Difference Scaling (MLDS)
Maximum Likelihood Conjoint Measurement (MLCM)
Mixed
Effect Models
Some Basics of R
Statistical Background
References
Index
ISBN:9781461444756
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R! : v32
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461442448:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homogeneous Finsler Spaces [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shaoqiang Deng
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book is a unique addition to the existing literature in the field of Finsler geometry. This is the first monograph to deal exclusively with homogeneous Finsler geometry and to make serious use of Lie theory in the study ofthis rapidly developing field. The increasing activity in Finsler geometry can be attested in large part to the driving influence of S.S. Chern, its proven use in many fields of scientific study such as relativity, optics, geosciences,mathematical biology, and psychology, and i ts promising reach to real-world applications. This work has potential for broad readership it is a valuable resource not only for specialists of Finsler geometry, but also for differentialgeometers who are familiar with Lie theory, transformation groups, and homogeneous spaces. The exposition is rigorous, yet gently engages the readerstudent and researcher alikein developing a ground level understanding of thesubject. A one-term graduate course in differential geometry and elementary topology are prerequ isites. In order to enhance understanding, the author gives a detailed introduction and motivation for the topics of each chapter, as wellas historical aspects of the subject, numerous well-selected examples, and thoroughly proved main results. Comments f or potential further development are presented in Chapters 37. A basic introduction to Finsler geometry isincluded in Chapter 1 the essentials of the related classical theory of Lie groups, homogeneous spaces and groups of isometries are presented in Chap ters 23. Then the author develops the theory of homogeneous spaces within theFinslerian framework. Chapters 46 deal with homogeneous, symmetric and weakly symmetric Finsler spaces. Chapter 7 is entirely devoted to homogeneous Randers spaces, which are goo d candidates for real world applications andbeautiful illustrators of the developed theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
1. Introduction to Finsler Geometry
2. Lie Groups and Homogenous Spaces
3. The Group of Isometries
4. Homogeneous Finsler Spaces
5. Symmetric Finsler Spaces
6. Weakly Symmetric Finsler Spaces
7. Homogeneous Randers Spaces
References
Index.
ISBN:9781461442448
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Monographs in Mathematics, 1439-7382
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global differential geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461437253:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excel 2007 for Educational and Psychological Statistics [electronic resource] : A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
Author(s): Thomas J Quirk
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the first book to show the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach educational and psychological statistics effectively. It is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to masterExcel to solve practical pro blems using statistics. If understanding statistics isnt your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, awidely available computer program for students and pract itioners, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in courses in education and psychology. Its powerful computational ability and graphicalfunctions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2 007 for Educational and Psychological Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements byteaching students and managers how to apply Excel to statistical techniques necessary in their courses and work . Each chapter explains statistical formulas and directs the reader to use Excel commands to solve specific,easy-to-understand statistics problems. Practice problems are provided at the end of each chapter with their solutions in an appendix. Separately, there is a full Practice Test (with answers in an Appendix) that allows readers totest what they have learned. Includes 163 illustrations in color
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Sample Size, Mean, Standard Deviation, and Standard Error of the Mean
Random Number Generator
Confidence Interval About the Mean Using the TINV Function and Hypothesis Testing
One
Group t
Test for the Mean
Two
Group t
Test of the Difference of the Means for Independent Groups
Correlation and Simple Linear Regression
Multiple Correlation and Multiple Regression
One
Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
Appendix A: Answers to End
of
Chapter Practice Problems
Appendix B: Practice Test
Appendix C: Answers to Practice Test
Appendix D: Statistical Formulas
Appe
ISBN:9781461437253
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461420712:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excel 2010 for Educational and Psychological Statistics [electronic resource] : A Guide to Solving Practical Problems
Author(s): Thomas Quirk
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the first book to show the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach educational and psychological statistics effectively. It is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to masterExcel to solve practical pro blems in education and psychology. If understanding statistics isnt your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book foryou. Excel, a widely available computer program for studen ts and practitioners, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in statistics courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphicalfunctions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2010 f or Educational and Psychological Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements byteaching students and practitioners how to apply Excel to statistical techniques necessary in their courses and work . Each chapter explains statistical formulas and directs the reader to use Excel commands to solve specific,easy-to-understand problems in education and psychology. Practice problems are provided at the end of each chapter with their solutions in an appe ndix. Separately, there is a full Practice Test (with answers in an Appendix) thatallows readers to test what they have learned. Includes 163 illustrations in color
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Sample Size, Mean, Standard Deviation, and Standard Error of the Mean
Random Number Generator
Confidence Interval About the Mean Using the TINV Function and Hypothesis Testing
One
Group t
Test for the Mean
Two
Group t
Test of the Difference of the Means for Independent Groups
Correlation and Simple Linear Regression
Multiple Correlation and Multiple Regression
One
Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
Appendix A: Answers to End
of
Chapter Practice Problems
Appendix B: Practice Test
Appendix C: Answers to Practice Test
Appendix D:
ISBN:9781461420712
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461405627:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Tools for Measuring Agreement [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lawrence Lin
A. S Hedayat
Wenting Wu
Date:2012
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Agreement assessment techniques are widely used in examining the acceptability of a new or generic process, methodology and/or formulation in areas of lab performance, instrument/assay validation or method comparisons, statisticalprocess control, goo dness-of-fit, and individual bioequivalence. Successful applications in these situations require a sound understanding of both the underlying theory and methodological advances in handling real-life problems. Thisbook seeks to effectively blend theory and applications while presenting readers with many practical examples. For instance, in the medical device environment, it is important to know if the newly established lab can reproduce theinstrument/assay results from the established but outdating lab. Wh en there is a disagreement, it is important to differentiate the sources of disagreement. In addition to agreement coefficients, accuracy and precision coefficientsare introduced and utilized to characterize these sources. This book will appeal to a broad range of statisticians, researchers, practitioners and students, in areas of biomedical devices, psychology, medical research, and others, inwhich agreement assessment are needed. Many practical illustrative examples will be presented throughout the book in a wide variety of situations for continuous and categorical data
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Continuous Data
Categorical Data
Sample Size and Power
A Unified Model for Coninutous and Categorical Data
A Comparative Model for Continuous and Categorical Data
Workshop
ISBN:9781461405627
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817648015:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis [electronic resource] : With Applications to Genetics, Medicine, and Finance
Author(s): Jie Chen
Arjun K Gupta
Date:2012
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Overall, the book gives a clear and systematic presentation of models and methods. It will be an excellent source for theoretical and applied statisticians who are interested in research on change-point analysis and itsapplications to many areas. Mat hematical Reviews (Review of the First Edition) Revised and expanded, Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis, Second Edition is an in-depth study of the change point problem from a generalpoint of view, and a deeper look at change point analysis of the most commonly used statistical models. For some time, change point problems have appeared throughout the sciences in such disciplines as economics, medicine, psychology,signal processing, and geology more recently, they havealso been found extensively in applications related to biomedical imaging data, array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data, and gene expression data. These areas ofinterestnew and oldhave motivated substantial research on change point problems and led to a significant body of literature in the field. The present monograph stands as a valuable contribution to this literature. Key featuresand topics: * Clear and systematic exposition with a great deal of introductory material included * Different models in each chapter, incl uding gamma and exponential models, rarely examined thus far in the literature *Extensive examples to emphasize key concepts and different methodologies used, namely the likelihood ratio criterion as well as the Bayesian and information criterion approach es * An up-to-date comprehensive bibliography and twoindices. New to the Second Edition: * New examples of change point analysis in modern molecular biology and other fields such as finance and air traffic control * Two new sections of applications of the underlying change pointmodels in analyzing the array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data for DNA copy number changes * A new chapter on change points in the
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Preliminaries
Introduction
Univariate Normal Model
Multivariate Normal Model
Regression Model
Gamma Model
Exponential Model
Change Point Model for the Hazard Function
Discrete Models
Other Models
Bibliography
Author Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9780817648015
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642180767:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mindful Universe [electronic resource] : Quantum Mechanics and the Participating Observer
Author(s): Henry P Stapp
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The classical mechanistic idea of nature that prevailed in science during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was an essentially mindless conception: the physically described aspects of nature were asserted to be completelydetermined by prior phy sically described aspects alone, with our conscious experiences entering only passively. During the twentieth century the classical concepts were found to be inadequate. In the new theory, quantum mechanics, ourconscious experiences enter into the dynamic s in specified ways not fixed by the physically described aspects alone. Consequences of this radical change in our understanding of the connection between mind and brain are described. Thissecond edition contains two new chapters investigating the role o f quantum phenomena in the problem of free will and in the placebo effect
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second edition
Science Consciousness and Human Values
Human Knowledge as the Foundation Science
Actions, Knowledge, and Information
Nerve Terminals and the Need to Use Quantum Theory
Templates for Action
The Physical Effectiveness of Conscious Will and the Quantum Zeno Effect
Support from Contemporary Psychology
Application to Neuropsychology
Roger Penroses Theory and Quantum Decoherence
Non
Orthodox Versions of Quantum Theory
The Basis Problem in Many
Worlds Theories
Despised Dualism
Whiteheadian Quantu
ISBN:9783642180767
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642180477:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:States of Consciousness [electronic resource] : Experimental Insights into Meditation, Waking, Sleep and Dreams
Author(s): Dean Cvetkovic
Irena Cosic
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In this accessible overview of current knowledge, an expert team of editors and authors describe experimental approaches to consciousness. These approaches are shedding light on some of the hitherto unknown aspects ofthedistinct states of human consc iousness, including the waking state, different states of sleep and dreaming, meditation and more. The book presents the latest research studies by the contributing authors, whose specialities spanneuroscience, neurology, biomedical engineering, clinical psychology and psychophysiology, psychosocial medicine and anthropology.Overall this anthologyprovides the reader with a clear picture of howdifferent states ofconsciousness can be defined, experimentally measured and analysed.A future byproduct of this k nowledge may beanticipated inthe development of systematic corrective treatments for many disorders and pathological problems ofconsciousness
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction to States of Consciousness
Disorders of Consciousness: Coma, Vegetative State and Minimally Conscious States
2 Codons of Consciousness: Neurological Characteristics of Ordinary and Pathological States of Consciousness
Dream Consciousness and Sleep Physiology
Dream Therapy: Correlation of Dream Contents with Encephalographic and Cardiovascular Activations
The Substrate That Dreams Are Made On: An Evaluation of Current Neurobiological Theories of Dreaming J.L. Dawson, R. Conduit
Sleep Onset Process as an Altered State of Consciousness
Brain Rate as an
ISBN:9783642180477
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Medicine , Medical laboratories , Neurosciences , Neurology , Biomedical engineering , Anthropology , Psychology, clinical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642163135:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Foundations of Statistics: A Simulation-based Approach [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shravan Vasishth
Michael Broe
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Statistics and hypothesis testing are routinely used in areas (such as linguistics) that are traditionally not mathematically intensive. In such fields, when faced with experimental data, many students and researchers tend torely on commercial packag es to carry out statistical data analysis, often without understanding the logic of the statistical tests they rely on. As a consequence, results are often misinterpreted, and users have difficulty in flexiblyapplying techniques relevant to their own rese arch they use whatever they happen to have learned. A simple solution is to teach the fundamental ideas of statistical hypothesis testing without using too much mathematics. This bookprovides a non-mathematical, simulation-based introduction to basic sta tistical concepts and encourages readers to try out the simulations themselves using the source code and data provided (the freely available programming language Ris used throughout). Since the code presented in the text almost always requires the use of previously introduced programming constructs, diligent students also acquire basic programming abilities in R. The book is intended foradvanced undergraduate and graduate students in any discipline, although the focus is on linguistics, psychology, and co gnitive science. It is designed for self-instruction, but it can also be used as a textbook for a first course onstatistics. Earlier versions of the book have been used in undergraduate and graduate courses in Europe and the US. Vasishth and Broe have wr itten an attractive introduction to the foundations of statistics. It is concise,surprisingly comprehensive, self-contained and yet quite accessible. Highly recommended. Harald Baayen, Professor of Linguistics, University of Alberta, Canada By using the text students not only learn to do the specificthings outlined in the book, they also gain a skill set that empowers them to explore new areas that lie beyond the books coverage. C
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Getting Started
2. Randomness and Probability
3. The Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean
4. Power
5. Analysis of Variance (NOVA)
6. Bivariate Statistics and Linear Models
7. An Introduction to Linear Mixed Models. A. Random Variables
B
Basic R Commands and Data Structures
Index
References
ISBN:9783642163135
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Data mining , Psycholinguistics , Philosophy (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783034604055:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Past to Future: Gramann's Work in Context [electronic resource] : Gramann Bicentennial Conference, September 2009
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Petsche
Albert C Lewis
Jrg Liesen
Steve Russ
Date:2011
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Hermann Gramann (1809-1877), an interdisciplinary conference was held in Potsdam, Germany, and in Gramann's hometown Szczecin, Poland. The idea of the conference was topresent a multi-faceted p icture of Gramann, and to uncover the complexity of the factors that were responsible for his creativity. The conference demonstrated not only the very influential reception of his work at the turn of the20th century, but also the unexpected modernity of his ideas, and their continuing development in the 21st century. This book contains 37 papers presented at the conference. They investigate the significance of Gramann's work forphilosophical as well as for scientific and methodological questions, for com parative philology in general and for Indology in particular, for psychology, physiology, religious studies, musicology, didactics, and, last but not least,mathematics. In addition, the book contains numerous illustrations and English translations of orig inal sources, which are published here for the first time. These include life histories of Gramann (written by his son Justus) and ofhis brother Robert (written by Robert himself), as well as the paper On the concept and extent of pure theory of number'' by Justus Gramann (the father). In November 2010 the capital of the federal state of Brandenburg (Germany)chose the Gramann Conference as the first-time winner of the Potsdam Conference-Award in the category Innovative and/or exceptional events
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783034604055
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematics_$xHistory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780857299291:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Remembering Sofya Kovalevskaya [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michle Audin
Date:2011
Publisher:London : Springer London
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Sofia Kovalevskaya was a brilliant and determined young Russian woman of the 19th century who wanted to become a mathematician and who succeeded, in often difficult circumstances, in becoming arguably the first woman to have aprofessional university career in the way we understand it today. This memoir, written by a mathematician who specialises in symplectic geometry and integrable systems, is a personal exploration of the life, the writings and themathematical achievements of a remarkable woman. It emphasises the originality of Kovalevskayas work and assesses her legacy and reputation as a mathematician and scientist. Her ideas are explained in a way that is accessible to ageneral audience, with diagrams, marginal notes and commentary to help expla in the mathematical concepts and provide context. This fascinating book, which also examines Kovalevskayas love of literature, will be of interest tohistorians looking for a treatment of the mathematics, and those doing feminist or gender studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Sofyas chronology
Sofyas names
Stories
The thesis of Sofya, the CauchyKovalevskaya theorem
The Solid
A letter to Mittag
Leffler
Stockholm
A letter to Vollmar
The Bordin prize and Sofyas reputation
The women of Men of mathematics
I remember Sofya, by George, Gsta, Julia and all the rest
I too remember Sofya
Bibliography
ISBN:9780857299291
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mechanics, applied , Developmental psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9780387981383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Models for Test Equating, Scaling, and Linking [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alina A Davier
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The goal of this book is to emphasize the formal statistical features of the practice of equating, linking, and scaling. The book encourages the view and discusses the quality of the equating results from the statisticalperspective (new models, robus tness, fit, testing hypotheses, statistical monitoring) as opposed to placing the focus on the policy and the implications, which although very important, represent a different side of the equatingpractice. The book contributes to establishing equating as a theoretical field, a view that has not been offered often before. The tradition in the practice of equating has been to present the knowledge and skills needed as acraft, which implies that only with years of experience under the guidance of a knowledg eable practitioner could one acquire the required skills. This book challenges this view by indicating how a good equating framework, a soundunderstanding of the assumptions that underlie the psychometric models, and the use of statistical tests and stati stical process control tools can help the practitioner navigate the difficult decisions in choosing the final equatingfunction. This book provides a valuable reference for several groups: (a) statisticians and psychometricians interested in the theory beh ind equating methods, in the use of model-based statistical methods for data smoothing, and in theevaluation of the equating results in applied work (b) practitioners who need to equate tests, including those with these responsibilities in testing compani es, state testing agencies, and school districts and (c) instructors inpsychometric, measurement, and psychology programs. Dr. Alina A. von Davier is a Strategic Advisor and a Director of Special Projects in Research and Development at Educational Testing Service (ETS). During her tenure at ETS, she hasled an ETS Research Initiative called Equating and Applied Psychometrics and has directed the Global Psychometric Services Center. The cent
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Overview
A Statistical Perspective on Equating Test Scores (Alina A. von Davier)
Part I: Research Questions and Data Collection Designs
Equating Test Scores: Toward Best Practices Neil J. Dorans, Tim P. Moses, and Daniel R. Eignor)
Scoring and Scaling Educational Tests Michael J. Kolen, Ye Tong, and Robert L. Brennan)
Statistical Models for Vertical Linking James E. Carlson)
An Empirical Example of Change Analysis by Linking Longitudinal Item Response Data From Multiple Tests (John J. McArdle and Kevin J. Grimm)
How to Average Equating Functions, If You Must (Paul W. Holla
ISBN:9780387981383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Education , Educational tests and measurements , Statistics , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642121425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homo Novus A Human Without Illusions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ulrich J Frey
Charlotte Strmer
Kai P Willfhr
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Converging evidence from disciplines including sociobiology, evolutionary psychology and human biology forces us to adopt a new idea of what it means to be a human. As cherished concepts such as free will, nave realism, humansas creation's crowning g lory fall and our moral roots in ape group dynamics become clearer, we have to take leave of many concepts that have been central to defining our humanness. What emerges is a new human, the homo novus, a humanbeing without illusions. Leading authors from many different fields explore these issues by addressing these illusions and providing evidence for the need to switch to this new idea of man, in spite of understandable reluctance to letgo of our most beloved illusions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Humans Are Exceptional
The Position of Man in the Cosmos
Living Differences
Nothing to Talk About
We Are Independent of Our Sociobiological Roots
The True Egoist Is Cooperative
The Social Brain and Its Implications
Why Most Theories Get It Wrong
The Biological Imperative Doesnt Matter to Us
Mortality Crises and Their Consequences for Human Life Histories
Costs and Consequences of Reproduction
Height and Reproductive Success
The Past Doesnt Echo in Our Heads
Developmental Psychology Without Dualistic Illusions
The Psychology of Families
Moral,
ISBN:9783642121425
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Genetic epistemology , Evolution (Biology) , Psychology , Anthropology , Consciousness
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642106545:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polystochastic Models for Complexity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Octavian Iordache
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is devoted to complexity understanding and management, considered as the main source of efficiency and prosperity for the next decades. Divided into six chapters, the book begins with a presentation of basic concepts ascomplexity, emergence and closure. The second chapter looks to methods and introduces polystochastic models, the wave equation, possibilities and entropy. The third chapter focusing on physical and chemical systems analyzes flow-sheetsynthesis, cyclic operations of separation , drug delivery systems and entropy production. Biomimetic systems represent the main objective of the fourth chapter. Case studies refer to bio-inspired calculation methods, to the role ofartificial genetic codes, neural networks and neural codes for evo lutionary calculus and for evolvable circuits as biomimetic devices. The fifth chapter, taking its inspiration from systems sciences and cognitive sciences looks toengineering design, case base reasoning methods, failure analysis, and multi-agent manufact uring systems. Perspectives and integrative points of view are discussed in the sixth chapter with reference to the classification of sciences,cybernetics and its extensions, and to transdisciplinarity and categorification. Written for: engineers, researc hers, and students in chemical, biochemical, computing and systems science engineering, in neuroscience, psychology,philosophy and mathematics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Methods
Physical and chemical systems
Biosystems and bioinspired systems
Systems sciences and cognitive systems
Perspectives
ISBN:9783642106545
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Artificial intelligence , Differentiable dynamical systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642051012:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ubiquitous Quantum Structure [electronic resource] : From Psychology to Finance
Author(s): Andrei Y Khrennikov
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum-like structure is present practically everywhere. Quantum-like (QL) models, i.e. models based on the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and its generalizations can be successfully applied to cognitive science,psychology, genetics, ec onomics, finances, and game theory. This book is not about quantum mechanics as a physical theory. The short review of quantum postulates is therefore mainly of historical value: quantum mechanics is just thefirst example of the successful application of non-Kolmogorov probabilities, the first step towards a contextual probabilistic description of natural, biological, psychological, social, economical or financial phenomena. A generalcontextual probabilistic model (Vxj model) is presented. It can be used for describing probabilities in both quantum and classical (statistical) mechanics as well as in the above mentioned phenomena. This model can be representedin a quantum-like way, namely, in complex and more general Hilbert spaces. In this way quantum pro bability is totally demystified: Born's representation of quantum probabilities by complex probability amplitudes, wave functions, issimply a special representation of this type
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantum
like Paradigm
Classical (Kolmogorovian) and Quantum (Born) Probability
Contextual Probabilistic Model Vxj Model
Quantum
like Representation Algorithm
QLRA
The Quantum
like Brain
Experimental Tests of Quantum
like Behavior of the Mind
Quantum
like Decision Making and Disjunction Effect
Macroscopic Games and Quantum Logic
Contextual Approach to Quantum
like Macroscopic Games
Psycho
financial Model
The Problem of Smoothness of Bohmian Trajectories
ISBN:9783642051012
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Distribution (Probability theory) , Quantum theory , Economics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441955258:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Modern Statistical Methods [electronic resource] : Substantially Improving Power and Accuracy
Author(s): Rand R Wilcox
Date:2010
Edition:Second
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Conventional statistical methods have a very serious flaw. They routinely miss differences among groups or associations among variables that are detected by more modern techniques, even under very small departures from normality.Hundreds of journal a rticles have described the reasons standard techniques can be unsatisfactory, but simple, intuitive explanations are generally unavailable. Situations arise where even highly nonsignificant results becomesignificant when analyzed with more modern methods. Without assuming the reader has any prior training in statistics, Part I of this book describes basic statistical principles from a point of view that makes their shortcomingsintuitive and easy to understand. The emphasis is on verbal and graphical descr iptions of concepts. Part II describes modern methods that address the problems covered in Part I. Using data from actual studies, many examples areincluded to illustrate the practical problems with conventional procedures and how more modern methods can make a substantial difference in the conclusions reached in many areas of statistical research. The second edition of this bookincludes a number of advances and insights that have occurred since the first edition appeared. Included are new results relevan t to medians, regression, measures of association, strategies for comparing dependent groups, methods fordealing with heteroscedasticity, and measures of effect size. Rand Wilcox is a professor of psychology at the University of Southern California. He is a fellow of the Royal Statistical Society and the Association for PsychologicalScience. Dr. Wilcox currently serves as an associate editor of Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Communications in Statistics: Theory and Methods, Communications in St atistics: Simulation and Computation, and Psychometrika. Hehas published more than 280 articles in a wide range of statistical journals and he is the author of six other books on statistics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Getting Started
The Normal Curve and Outlier Detection
Accuracy and Inference
Hypothesis Testing and Small Sample Sizes
The Bootstrap
A Fundamental Problem
Robust Measures of Location
Inferences About Robust Measures of Location
Measures Of Association
Robust Regression
Alternative Strategies and Software
ISBN:9781441955258
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441917645:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Social Science Research Using R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hrishikesh D Vinod
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book covers recent advances for quantitative researchers with practical examples from social sciences. The twelve chapters written by distinguished authors cover a wide range of issues--all providing practical tools usingthe free R software. McC ullough: R can be used for reliable statistical computing, whereas most statistical and econometric software cannot. This is illustrated by the effect of abortion on crime. Koenker: Additive models provide aclever compromise between parametric and non-par ametric components illustrated by risk factors for Indian malnutrition. Gelman: R graphics in the context of voter participation in US elections. Vinod: New solutions to the old problemof efficient estimation despite autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity among regression errors are proposed and illustrated by the Phillips curve tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. Markus and Gu: New R tools for exploratorydata analysis including bubble plots. Vinod, Hsu and Tian: New R tools for portfolio selecti on borrowed from computer scientists and data-mining experts relevant to anyone with an investment portfolio. Foster and Kecojevic: Extendsthe usual analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) illustrated by growth charts for Saudi children. Imai, Keele, Tingley, and Yamamoto: New R tools for solving the age-old scientific problem of assessing the direction and strength of causation.Their job search illustration is of interest during current times of high unemployment. Haupt, Schnurbus, and Tschernig: Consider the ch oice of functional form for an unknown, potentially nonlinear relationship, explaining a set of newR tools for model visualization and validation. Rindskopf: R methods to fit a multinomial based multivariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) with examples from psychology, sociology, political science, and medicine. Neath: R tools forBayesian posterior distributions to study increased disease risk in proximity to a hazardous waste site. Numatsi and Rengifo:
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Econometric Computing with R
Additive Models for Quantile Regression: An Analysis of Risk Factors for Malnutrition in India
Toward better R defaults for graphics: Example of voter turnouts in US elections
Superior Estimation and Inference Avoiding Heteroscedasticity and Flawed Pivots: R
example of Inflation Unemployment Trade
Off
Bubble Plots as a Model
Free Graphical Tool for Continuous Variables
Combinatorial Fusion for Improving Portfolio Performance
Reference growth charts for Saudi Arabian children and Adolescents
Causal Mediation Analysis Using R
Statistical val
ISBN:9781441917645
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics, 0930-0325 : v196
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Finance , Economics Statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441912138:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Design of Observational Studies [electronic resource]
Author(s): Paul R Rosenbaum
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:An observational study is an empiric investigation of effects caused by treatments when randomized experimentation is unethical or infeasible. Observational studies are common in most fields that study the effects of treatmentson people, including me dicine, economics, epidemiology, education, psychology, political science and sociology. The quality and strength of evidence provided by an observational study is determined largely by its design. Design ofObservational Studies is both an introduction to statistical inference in observational studies and a detailed discussion of the principles that guide the design of observational studies. Design of Observational Studies is divided intofour parts. Chapters 2, 3, and 5 of Part I cover concisely, in about one hundred pages, many of the ideas discussed in Rosenbaums Observational Studies (also published by Springer) but in a less technical fashion. Part II discussesthe practical aspects of using propensity scores and other tools to create a matched compari son that balances many covariates. Part II includes a chapter on matching in R. In Part III, the concept of design sensitivity is used toappraise the relative ability of competing designs to distinguish treatment effects from biases due to unmeasured cova riates. Part IV discusses planning the analysis of an observational study, with particular reference to Sir RonaldFishers striking advice for observational studies, make your theories elaborate. Paul R. Rosenbaum is the Robert G. Putzel Professor of Stati stics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He is a fellow of theAmerican Statistical Association. In 2003, he received the George W. Snedecor Award from the Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies. He is a senior fellow of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and a ResearchAssociate at the Population Studies Center, both at the University of Pennsylvania. The second edition of his book, Observational Studi
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Beginnings
Dilemmas and Craftsmanship
Causal Inference in Randomized Experiments
Two Simple Models for Observational Studies
Competing Theories Structure Design
Opportunities, Devices, and Instruments
Transparency
Matching
A Matched Observational Study
Basic Tools of Multivariate Matching
Various Practical Issues in Matching
Fine Balance
Matching Without Groups
Risk
Set Matching
Matching in R
Design Sensitivity
The Power of a Sensitivity Analysis and Its Limit
Heterogeneity and Causality
Uncommon but Dramatic Responses to Treatment
Antic
ISBN:9781441912138
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology , Psychological tests and testing
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