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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD RADIATION MEASUREMENT *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/32041.22 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword radiation measurement ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789814603201:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles of radiation interaction in matter and detection
Author(s): Claude Leroy
Pier-Georgio Rancoita
Date:2016
Edition:4th edition.
Publisher:World Scientific
Size:1 online resource (1316 p)
Contents:Electromagnetic interaction of charged particles in matter -- Photon interaction and electromagnetic cascades in matter -- Nuclear interactions in matter -- Physics and properties of silicon semiconductor -- Transport phenomena in semiconductors -- Radiation effects and displacement damage in semiconductors -- Radiation environments and damage in semiconductors -- Scintillating media and scintillator detectors -- Solid state detectors -- Displacement damages and interactions in semiconductor devices -- Gas filled chambers -- Principles of particle energy determination -- Superheated droplet (bubble) detectors and CDM search -- Medical physics applications.
ISBN:9789814603188
Series:eBooks
Series:World Scientific
Keywords: Detectors. , Radiation, Measurement
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Call number:9783319455228:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems Physical Principles and Crystal Engineering
Author(s): Paul Lecoq
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XVI, 408 p. 226 illus., 44 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Preface to the Second edition -- Preface to the First Edition -- Scintillation and Inorganic Scintillators -- How User’s Requirements Influence the Development of Scintillators -- Addressing the Increased Demand for Fast Timing --
Scintillation Mechanisms in Inorganic Scintillators -- Energy Resolution and Non-proportionality of Scintillators -- Influence of the Crystal Structure Defects on Scintillation Properties -- Charged Hadron Radiation Damage of
Scintillators -- Crystal Engineering -- Examples of Recent Crystal Development -- Conclusion -- Index
ISBN:9783319455228
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear medicine , Particle acceleration , Physical measurements , Measurement , Engineering , Materials science , Physics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Materials Engineering , Crystallography and Scattering Methods , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Nuclear Medicine
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Call number:9783319447292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Astrophysical Techniques
Author(s): Rosa Poggiani
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 163 p. 64 illus p.)
Contents:Part 1: The basics -- Chapter 1: Setting the scene: high energy photons and particles -- Chapter 2: Radiation-matter interactions -- Chapter 3: Interactions of photons and particles along the path -- Part 2: The world of detectors --
Chapter 4: Detectors: general characteristics -- Chapter 5: Detectors bases on ionization in gases and liquids -- Chapter 6: Scintillation detector systems -- Chapter 7: Detectors based on ionization in solid state materials -- Chapter
8: Cherenkov and Transition Radiation detectors -- Chapter 9: Calorimeters -- Chapter 10: Measurement of physical properties of photons and particles -- Part 3: High energy astronomy -- Chapter 11: Ultraviolet and X-ray astronomy --
Chapter 12: Gamma ray astronomy -- Chapter 13: Cosmic ray astronomy -- Chapter 14: Neutrino astronomy -- Chapter 15: Gravitational wave astronomy -- Chapter 16: The dark side of the Universe -- Chapter 17: Observing in high energy
astrophysics -- Chapter 18: Conclusions
ISBN:9783319447292
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:9781608077779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Terahertz metrology
Author(s): Mira Naftaly
Date:2015
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (386 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers -- Photoconductive Emitters and Detectors -- Optical Rectification -- Electro-Optic Detection -- Terahertz Air-Based Coherent Detection -- Cherenkov (Tilted Wavefront) Emitters and Detectors -- Continuou s-Wave Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometer and Microwave Photonics -- Types of Continuous-Wave Terahertz Emitters and Detectors -- Time-Domain Spectrometer Configurations -- Transmission -- Reflection -- Attenuated Total Reflection -- Asynchronous Optical Sampling -- Substrate Lenses -- Commercial Systems -- Parameter Extraction in Time-Domain . Chapter 2 Spectrometers -- Material Properties and Wave Propagation -- Complex Refractive Index and Complex Permittivity -- Plane Wave Propagation Across an Interf ace.Fresnel Equations -- Plane Wave Propagation Through a Dielectric Slab -- Fabry-Perot Effect -- Extracting Optical Parameters from Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers Data -- Transmission-mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Approximation -- Trans mission-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Exact Solution -- Reflection-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Single Reflection -- Reflection-Mode Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers: Double Reflection -- Attenuated Total Reflection -- Preproce ssing and Postprocessing of Data -- Signal Averaging in the Time and Frequency Domains -- Signal Denoising -- Phase Unwrapping -- Sample Requirements -- Sample Thickness -- Lateral Dimensions of Samples -- Loss: Absorption, Scattering, Diffraction
Chapter 3 Metrology for Time-Domain Spectrometers -- Performance Parameters: Sensitivity, Resolution, Precision, Accuracy, Dynamic Range, and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectrometers -- System Performance Limits Due to Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Frequency Resolution -- Measurement Bandwidth -- Sources of Random Noise -- Amplitude -- Phase -- Systematic Errors -- Alignment Errors -- Focal Plane Defocusing -- Delay Line Err ors -- Terahertz Beam Profile -- Chapter 4 Evaluation of Uncertainty in Time-Domain Spectroscopy -- Method of Uncertainty Evaluation -- Evaluation of Random and Systematic Errors -- Propagation and Combination of Measurement Uncertainty -- Measurement wit h Resolution Limit -- Sources of Uncertainty in Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy -- Random and Systematic Errors in Amplitude -- Random and Systematic Errors in Sample Thickness -- Random and Systematic Errors in Sample Alignment -- Systematic Error in the Approximated Transfer Function -- Systematic Error Due to Reflections -- Systematic Error in Physical Constants -- Uncertainty in Optical Constants: A Combination of Variances
Chapter 5 Metrology for Fourier Transform Spectrometers -- Spectrometer Configurations -- Michelson -- Mach-Zender -- Polarized Fourier Transform Spectrometer (Martin-Pupplett Interferometer) -- Modes of Operation: Step and Integrate or Fast Scannin g -- Moving Stage -- General Fourier Transform Spectrometer Advantages -- Fourier Transform Spectrometer Metrology -- Encoders, Synchronizing, and Time-Stamping -- Instrument Line Function: A Spectral Resolution Limitation -- Apodization -- Cosine and Sin e Terms and Phase Correction Techniques -- Achievable Spectral Resolution -- Sample Measurement Parameter Recovery -- Thin Sample Approximation: Lossless Case -- Dispersive Medium -- Thick Sample Analysis (or Noncollimated Measurement) -- Absorption Coeff icients -- Sources of Noise and Uncertainties -- Time-Domain Errors -- (Software) Noise Reduction Techniques -- Chapter 6 Terahertz Spectrometer Calibration -- Why Calibrate Terahertz Spectrometers -- Frequency Calibration -- Gases -- Solids -- Resonant M esh Filters -- Etalons -- Summary of Frequency Calibration Standards -- Amplitude Linearity Calibration -- Reflection Standards
Chapter 7 Terahertz Imaging -- Image Resolution of a Terahertz Imaging System -- Data Analysis in the Far Field -- Imaging Thin Layers -- Spatial Resolution Tests -- Near-Field Imaging -- Chemical Imaging -- Focal Plane Array Microbolometer Cameras -- Chapter 8 Metrology for Vector Network Analyzers -- Vector Network Analyzers -- The Role of a Network Analyzer -- Scattering Parameters -- Vector Network Analyzer Systems -- Extender Heads -- Good Practice Tips -- Metallic Waveguides -- Basic Properti es -- Dispersion -- Standardized Sizes and Frequency Ranges -- Flanges/Interfaces -- Good Practice Tips -- Calibration Standards and Methods -- Calibration: General Principles -- Types of Calibration Standard -- One-Port Calibration Methods -- Two-Port Ca libration Methods -- Connection Repeatability -- System Verification -- Chapter 9 Terahertz Optics -- Terahertz Optical Materials -- Transparency at Terahertz Frequencies -- Inorganic Crystals for Terahertz Optics -- Polymers for Terahertz Optics -- Metal Reflectivities -- Gaussian Optics -- Gaussian Beams -- Parabolic Mirrors -- Dichroic Optical Elements -- Terahertz Transparent/Visible Opaque -- Terahertz Opaque/Visible Transparent -- Terahertz Reflective/Visible Transparent -- Terahertz Transparent/Vis ible Reflective -- Wire-Grid Polarizers -- Antireflection Coatings -- Photonic Crystal Fibers and Terahertz . Waveguides
Chapter 10 Terahertz Laser Sources -- Optically Pumped Gas Lasers -- P-Germanium Laser -- Quantum Cascade Lasers -- Pulsed Difference Frequency Generation -- High-Resolution Frequency Measurements Using Continuous-Wave Difference Frequency Generatio n -- Optical Parametric Oscillators -- Free Electron Lasers -- Chapter 11 Electronic Sources of Terahertz Radiation and Terahertz Detectors -- Electronic Sources of Terahertz Radiation: Introduction and Terminology -- Vacuum Electronic Sources -- Backward Wave Oscillators -- Extended Interaction Klystrons -- Solid-State Devices -- Gunn Diodes and IMPATT Oscillators and Amplifiers -- Transistor Amplifiers -- Frequency Multiplied Sources -- Source Characteristics Summary -- Detectors of Terahertz Radiation: Introduction and Terminology . Incoherent Detectors -- Golay Cell -- Pyroelectric Detectors -- Room-Temperature Bolometers -- Cryogenic Bolometers -- Photoconductive Detectors -- Semiconductor Diode Rectifiers -- Thermopiles -- Incoherent Detector Summar y -- Coherent Detectors: Introduction -- Schottky Diode Mixers -- Frequency Measurement
ISBN:9781608077762
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech ebooks
Keywords: Terahertz spectroscopy. , Metrology. , Terahertz technology.
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Call number:9781608075355:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microstrip lines and slotlines
Author(s): Ramesh Garg
I. J. Bahl
Maurizio Bozzi
Date:2013
Edition:Third edition.
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (589 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Microstrip Lines I - Quasi-Static Analyses, Dispersion Models, and Measurements -- Planar Transmission Structures -- Microstrip Field Configuration -- Methods of Microstrip Analysis Quasi-Static Analyses of a Microstrip -- Modified Conformal Transformation Method -- Finite Difference Method -- Integral Equation Meth od -- Variational Method in the Fourier Transform Domain -- Segmentation and Boundary Element Method -- Microstrip Dispersion Models -- Coupled TEM Mode and TM Mode Model -- An Empirical Relation -- Dielectric-Loaded Ridged Waveguide Model -- Empirical F ormulae for Broad Frequency Range -- Planar Waveguide Model -- Microstrip Transitions -- Coaxial-to-Microstrip Transition -- Waveguide-to-Microstrip Transition -- Microstrip Measurements -- Substrate Dielectric Constant -- Characteristic Impendance -- Pha se Velocity or Effective Dielectric Constant -- Attenuation Constant -- Fabrication -- Printed Circuit Technologies -- Hybrid Microwave Integrated Circuits -- Monolithic Integrated Circuit Technologies
Chapter 2 Microstrip Lines II -- Fullwave Analyses, Design Considerations, and Applications -- Methods of Fullwave Analysis -- Analysis of an Open Microstrip -- Integral Equation Method in the Space Domain -- Galerkin.s Method in the Spectral Domain -- Analysis of an Enclosed Microstrip -- Integral Equation Methods -- Finite Difference Method -- Design Considerations -- Microstrip Losses -- Power Handling Capability -- Effect of Tolerances -- Effect of Dielectric Anisotropy -- Frequency Range of Ope ration -- Lumped Element Model of Microstrip Interconnect -- Other Types of Microstrip Lines -- Suspended and Inverted Microstrip Lines -- Multilayered Dielectric Microstrip -- Thin Film Microstrip -- Valley Microstrip Lines -- Buried Microstrip Line -- S uperconducting Microstrip Circuits -- Microstrip Applications -- Lumped Elements -- Passive Components -- Active Components -- Packages and Assemblies
Chapter 3 Microstrip Discontinuities I -- Quasi-Static Analysis and Characterization -- Discontinui ty Capacitance Evaluation -- Matrix Inversion Method -- Variational Method -- Galerkins Method in the Fourier Transform Domain -- Use of Line Sources with Charge Reversal -- Discontinuity Inductance Evaluation -- Characterization of Various Discontinuitie s -- Open Ends -- Gaps in a Microstrip -- T-Junctions -- Cross Junctions -- RF Short and Via Hole -- Compensated Microstrip Discontinuities
Chapter 4 Microstrip Discontinuities II: Fullwave Analysis and Measurements -- Planar Waveguide Analysis -- Discontinuity Characterization -- Compensation of Discontinuity Reactances -- Radiation and Parasitic Coupling -- Fullwave Analysis of Discon tinuities . Galerkins Method in the Spectral Domain -- Integral Equation Solution in the Space Domain -- Time Domain Methods for Microstrip Discontinuity -- Discontinuity Measurements -- Linear Resonator Method -- Ring Resonator Method -- Scattering Param eters Measurement Method
Chapter 5 Slotlines -- Slotline Analysis -- Approximate Analysis -- Transverse Resonance Method . Galerkins Method in the Spectral Domain -- Design Considerations -- Closed-Form Expressions -- Effect of Metal Thickness -- Effec t of Tolerances -- Losses in Slotline -- Slotline Discontinuities -- Short End Discontinuty -- Open End Discontinuity -- Variants of Slotline -- Coupled Microstrip-Slotline -- Conductor-Backed Slotline -- Conductor-Backed Slotline with Superstrate -- Slot lines with Double-Layered Dielectric -- Slotline Transitions -- Coaxial-to-Slotline Transition -- Microstrip-to-Slotline Cross-Junction Transition -- Slotline Applications -- Circuits Using T-Junctions -- Circuits Using Wideband 180 Phase Shift -- Hybrid /de Ronde.s Branchline Couplers
Chapter 6 Defected Ground Structure (DGS) -- Basic Structure of DGS -- Unit Cell and Periodic DGS -- Advantages and Disadvantages of DGS -- DGS Characteristics -- Stop-Band Properties -- Slow-Wave Propagation -- Realization of Transmission Lines wit h High Characteristic Impedance -- Modeling of DGS -- Full-Wave Modeling -- Equivalent Circuit Models -- Applications of DGS -- DGS-Based Filters -- Other DGS-Based Passive Components -- DGS-Based Active Circuits -- DGS-Based Antennas
Chapter 7 Coplan ar Lines: Coplanar Waveguide and Coplanar Strips -- Quasi-Static Conformal Mapping Analysis of CPW -- Quasi-Static Conformal Mapping Analysis of CPS -- Fullwave Analysis -- Design Considerations -- Design Equations -- Dispersion -- Effect of Metallization Thickness -- Losses in Coplanar Lines -- Dielectric Loss -- Conductor Loss -- Radiation and Surface Wave Losses -- Effect of Tolerances -- Comparison with Microstrip Line and Slotline -- Transitions -- Coax-to-CPW Transitions -- Microstrip-to-CPS Transit ions -- Microstrip-to-CPW Transition -- CPW-to-CPS Transitions -- CPS-to-Slotline Transitions -- Slotline-to-CPW Transitions -- Discontinuities in Coplanar Lines -- CAD Models for Discontinuities in Coplanar Waveguide Circuits -- CAD Models for Discontinu ities in Coplanar Strips Circuits -- Coplanar Line Circuits -- Circuits with Series and Shunt Reactances in CPW -- Circuits Using Slotline-CPW Junctions
Chapter 8 Coupled Microstrip Lines -- General Analysis of Coupled Lines -- Methods of Analysis -- Coupled Mode Approach -- Even- and Odd-Mode Approach -- Characteristics of Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Quasi-Static Analysis -- Fullwave Analysis -- Di spersion Models -- Measurements on Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Impedance Measurements -- Phase Constant Measurements -- Design Considerations for Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Design Equations -- Effect of Fabrication Tolerances -- Coupled Microstrip Lines with Dielectric Overlays -- Effect of Dielectric Anisotropy -- Slot-Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Coupled Multiconductor Microstrip Lines -- Discontinuities in Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Network Model -- Open-End Discontinuity
Chapter 9 Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) -- Operation Principle -- Analysis Techniques of SIW . Equivalent Rectangular Waveguide -- Full-wave Modeling of SIW Interconnects -- Full-wave Modeling of SIW Components -- Equivalent Circuits Models o f SIW Discontinuities -- Design Considerations -- Mechanisms of Loss -- Guided.wave and Leaky-wave Regions of Operation -- Band-gap Effects in SIW Structures -- SIW Design Rules -- Substrate Integrated Folded Waveguide (SIFW) -- Half-Mode Substrate Integr ated Waveguide (HMSIW) -- Substrate Integrated Slab Waveguide (SISW) -- Substrate Integrated Ridge Waveguide (SIRW) -- Transitions Between SIW and Planar Transmission Lines -- Microstrip-to-SIW Transitions -- CPW-to-SIW Transitions -- SIW Components and A ntennas -- Passive Components -- Active Circuits -- Antennas -- System-on-Substrate (SoS) -- Fabrication Technologies and Materials -- Fabrication by PCB and LTCC Technologies -- Integration of SIW on Silicon -- Use of Novel Substrate Materials -- Solutio ns for High Frequency Operation of SIW
ISBN:9781608075355
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Strip transmission lines. , Microwave transmission lines. , Microwave integrated circuits.
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Call number:9781608071739:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microwave and millimeter-wave remote sensing for security applications
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Nanzer
Date:2012
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (385 p.)
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Electromagnetic plane wave fundamentals -- 3. Electromagnetic waves in media -- 4. Antennas -- 5. Receivers -- 6. Radiometry -- 7. Radar -- 8. Imaging systems -- 9. Interferometric measurement of angular velocity
Chapter 1 Introduction -- Security Sensing -- Needs for Remote Security Sensing -- Advantages of Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Remote Sensors -- Overview of Remote Sensing Techniques -- Radiometry -- Radar Systems -- Imaging Systems -- Interferometr ic Angular Velocity Measurement -- Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Remote Sensing in Related Fields -- The Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Spectrum -- Frequency Designations -- Propagation of Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Radiation -- Examples of Remote Secur ity Sensors -- Active Imaging for Contraband Detection -- Passive Imaging for Contraband Detection -- Detection of Human Presence -- Discrimination of Humans and Classification of Human Activity -- Through-Wall Detection -- Biological Signature Detection -- Chapter 2 Electromagnetic Plane Wave Fundamentals -- Maxwell.s Equations -- The Constitutive Parameters -- Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields -- The Wave Equation -- Plane Waves -- Phase Velocity -- Relationship Between E and H -- Energy and Power -- Wave Polarization -- Linear Polarization -- Elliptical Polarization
Chapter 3 Electromagnetic Waves in Media -- Plane Wave Propagation in Unbounded Media -- Good Conducting Media -- Good Dielectric Media -- Wave Impedance in Media -- Complex Permittivity and Dispersion -- Plane Wave Propagation in Bounded Media -- R eflection and Transmission of Normally Incident Waves -- Reflection and Transmission of Arbitrarily Incident Waves -- Transverse Electric (Perpendicular) Incidence -- Transverse Magnetic (Parallel) Incidence -- Power Reflection and Transmission -- Total T ransmission and Total Reflection -- Layered Media -- Electromagnetic Propagation in Specific Media -- Atmospheric Propagation Effects -- Propagation Through Building Materials -- Propagation Through Clothing and Garment Materials -- Dielectric Properties of Explosives, Plastics, and Metals -- Dielectric Properties of Human Tissue
Chapter 4 Antennas -- Electromagnetic Potentials -- Electromagnetic Potentials Due to Electric Current Density J -- Electromagnetic Potentials Due to Magnetic Current Density Jm -- Infinitesimal Dipole Radiation -- Far Field Radiation -- Infinitesim al Dipole Far-Field Radiation -- Antenna Parameters -- Radiated Power Density and Total Radiated Power -- Antenna Pattern -- Antenna Pattern Beamwidth -- Antenna Solid Angles -- Directivity -- Gain -- Aperture Area and Pattern Solid Angle -- Antenna Tempe rature and Noise Power . Polarization -- Properties of Wire Antennas -- Infinitesimal Dipole -- Long Dipole -- Aperture Antennas -- Image theory -- The Equivalence Principle -- Radiation from a Rectangular Aperture -- Radiation from a Circular Aperture -- Antenna Arrays -- Linear Array Theory -- Planar Arrays -- Array Beamwidth -- Phased Arrays -- Array Architectures -- Signal Feeds -- Beam Steering -- Common Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Antennas -- Horn Antennas -- Slot Antennas -- Microstrip Antennas - - Reflector Antenna Systems -- Lens Antenna Systems -- Chapter 5 Receivers -- General Operation of Receivers -- Receiver Noise -- Sources of Receiver Noise -- Thermal Noise -- Shot Noise -- Flicker Noise -- Equivalent Noise Bandwidth -- Thermal Noise at M illimeter-Wave Frequencies -- Noise Figure and Noise Temperature -- Noise Temperature -- Noise Figure of an Attenuator -- Noise in Cascaded Systems -- ADC Noise -- Receiver Linearity -- Gain Compression -- Intermodulation Products -- Third Order Intercept Point -- Intercept Point of a Cascade -- Dynamic Range -- Spurious Free Dynamic Range
Chapter 6 -- Radiometry -- Radiometry Fundamentals -- Brightness -- Brightness and Distance -- Flux Density and Source Distribution -- Effect of the Antenna -- Blackbody Radiation -- Planck.s Blackbody Radiation Law -- Approximations of Planck.s Law -- Band-Limited Integration of Planck.s Law -- Applied Radiometry -- Source Resolution -- Resolved Source -- Unresolved Source -- Received Power as a Convolution -- Emissivity and Radiometric Temperature -- Emissivities of Human Skin and Common Materials -- Radiometric Temperature in an Environment -- Radiometer Receivers -- Total Power Radiometer -- Total Power Response -- Interferometric Correlation Radiometer -- Spatial Point Source Response -- Receiver Instabilities -- Dicke Radiometer -- Radiometer Calibration -- Scanning Radiometer Systems -- Spatial Resolution -- Dwell Time -- Measurement Uncertainty -- One-Dimensional Scanning -- Two-Dimensional Scanning -- Chapter 7 Radar -- Configurations and Measurements -- Range Equation -- Transmitter System s . Transmitter Functionality -- Transmitter Noise -- Millimeter-Wave Oscillators -- Radar Measurement Sensitivity -- Range Measurement Error -- Frequency Measurement Error -- Angle Measurement Error -- Impact of the Time-Bandwidth Product on Measurement Error -- Micro-Doppler -- Micro-Doppler in Security Radar -- Micro-Doppler Theory -- Human Micro-Doppler Signature -- Continuous-Wave Radar -- Continuous-Wave Doppler -- Frequency-Modulated CW -- Multifrequency CW -- Moving Target Indication Radar -- High -Range Resolution Radar -- Pulse Radar -- Linear Frequency Modulation -- Stepped-Frequency Modulation
Chapter 8 Imaging Systems -- Scanning Imaging Systems -- Types of Scanning Imagers -- General Characteristics of Scanning Systems -- Field of View and Spatial Resolution -- Frame Rate -- Interferometric Imaging Systems -- Image Formation -- Visibili ty Function -- Fourier Transform Relationship of Visibility and Radiometric Temperature -- The Correlation Interferometer as a Spatial Filter -- Visibility Sampling -- Two-Dimensional Visibility -- Image Sensitivity -- Image Resolution and Field of View - - Interferometric Imaging Arrays -- Mills Cross Array -- T-Array -- Y-Array -- Circular Arrays -- Chapter 9 Interferometric Measurement of Angular Velocity -- Interferometer Response to an Angularly Moving Point Source -- System Beam Pattern -- Frequency Shift Induced by an Angularly Moving Object -- Comparison to Doppler Frequency Shift -- Frequency Uncertainty at Wide Angles -- Small Angle Approximation -- Interferometer Spectral Response -- General Spectral Response -- Response with a Sinc Function Sys tem Beam Pattern -- Interferometer Response in the Time-Frequency Domain -- Interferometric Measurement of Moving Humans -- Narrow-Beamwidth Response to a Moving Human -- Wide-Beamwidth Response to a Moving Human
ISBN:9781608071722
Series:Artech House antennas and propagation library
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Security systems, Remote sensing. , Microwave remote sensing.
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Call number:9781316004296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gaseous radiation detectors [electronic resource]: fundamentals and applications
Author(s): Fabio Sauli
(CERN)
Date:2014
Publisher:Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource
Contents:Electromagnetic interactions of charged particles with matter -- Interactions of photons and neutrons with matter -- Drift and diffusion of charges in gases -- Collisional excitations and charge multiplication in uniform fields -- Parallel plate cou nters -- Proportional counters -- Multi-wire proportional chambers -- Drift chambers -- Time projection chambers -- Multi-tube arrays -- Resistive plate chambers -- Micro-pattern gaseous detectors -- Cherenkov ring imaging -- Miscellaneous detectors and a pplications -- Time degeneracy and ageing -- Further reading on radiation detectors
ISBN:9781107043015
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Series:eBooks
Series:Cambridge monographs on particle Physics, nuclear physics and cosmology, v.36
Keywords: Gas detectors , Radiation, Measurement, Instruments , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:9780511534966:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Detectors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Claus. Grupen
Date:2008
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource (680 p.)
Contents:Interactions of particles and radiation with matter -- Characteristic properties of detectors -- Units of radiation measurements and radiation sources -- Accelerators -- Main physical phenomena used for particle detection and basic counter types -- Historical track detectors -- Track detectors -- Calorimetry -- Particle identification -- Neutrino detectors -- Momentum measurement and muon detection -- Ageing and radiation effects -- Example of a general-purpose detector : Belle -- Electronics -- Data analysis -- Applications of particle detectors outside particle physics
ISBN:9780521840064
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Series:Cambridge monographs on particle physics, nuclear physics, and cosmology v 26
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Nuclear counters
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Call number:9780123848734:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis (electronic resource)
Author(s): Michael F. L'Annunziata (ed.)
Date:2012
Edition:Third edition.
Publisher:Amsterdam : Elsevier
Size:1 online resource (1379 p)
Contents:Radiation physics and radionuclide decay -- Radioactivity counting statistics -- Gas ionization detectors -- Solid-state nuclear tract detectors -- Semiconductor detectors -- Alpha spectrometry -- Liquid scintillation analysis: Principles and practi ce -- Sample preparation techniques for liquid scintillation analysis -- Environmental liquid scintillation analysis -- Environmental radioactivity monitoring -- Radioactive aerosol analysis -- Marine radioactivity analysis -- Inorganic mass spectrometry of radionuclides -- Radionuclide standardization -- Cherenkov counting -- Solid scintillation analysis -- Flow-cell analysis -- Automated radiochemical separation, analysis, and sensing -- High-resolution beta imaging -- Analytical techniques in nuclear s afeguards -- Nuclear forensics.
ISBN:9780123848734
Series:ScienceDirect eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Liquid scintillation counting , Radioactivity Measurement
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Call number:TP754.S33::2014 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gaseous radiation detectors : fundamentals and applications
Author(s): Fabio Sauli
(CERN)
Date:2014
Publisher:Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
Size:497 p
Contents:Introduction -- Electromagnetic interactions of charged particles with matter -- Interaction of photons and neutrons with matter -- drift and diffusion of charges in gases -- Collisional excitations and charge multiplication in uniform fields -- Par allel plate counters -- Proportional counters -- Multi-wire proportional chambers -- Drift chambers -- Time projection chambers -- Multi-tube arrays -- Resistive plate chambers -- Micropattern gaseous detectors -- Cherenkov ring imaging -- Miscellaneous d etectors and applications -- Time degeneracy and ageing.
ISBN:9781107043015
Series:Cambridge monographs on particle physics, nuclear physics and cosmology, v 36
Keywords: Gas detectors , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Radiation - Measurement - Instruments
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9789401774680:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Radiation Nanosensors and Nanosensory Systems
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (23 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-7468-0
Contents:Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Quantum Approach to Sensory Information Processing for Modeling of Disasters -- Digital radiation sensors and nanosensory systems -- Sensors for magnetic fields measurement in high level of penetrating
radiation in accelerators and new generation fusion reactors -- Formation and annealing of nano-sized atomic clusters in n-Si crystals irradiated with high-energy protons -- Luminescence Efficiency of Cadmium Selenide/Zinc Sulfide
(CdSe/ZnS) Quantum Dot Nanoparticle sensors under X-ray excitation -- Nitride and sulfide chemisored layers as the surface passivants for A3B5 semiconductors -- Efficiency of luminescence of (Lu,Gd)2SiO5:Ce (LGSO:Ce) crystal sensory
material in the X-ray imaging range -- Microwave in environmental technologies and synthesis of nano-materials: The Georgian experience -- Microwave enhanced producing of high-purity metallic manganese and composite manganese based
alloys -- From Chernobyl to Fukushima. The Environment is acting as a friend or an enemy? -- Oscillation and optical properties of viruses and other pathogenic microorganisms: A review article -- Subject Index -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401774680
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Radiation protection , Radiation , Materials , Thin films , Physics , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Effects of Radiation/Radiation Protection , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319297316:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analytical Methods for Nonproliferation
Author(s): Edward C Morse
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (100 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29731-6
Contents:Introduction -- Nuclear Proliferation -- The Threat of Nuclear Terrorism -- Interdiction of Nuclear Material -- 2. Nuclear Explosives -- History -- Device Physics -- Special Nuclear Material -- 3. Signatures and Background --
Simplified Transport Calculations -- The Radiation Background -- Problems -- 4. Detection Statistics -- Classical and Bayesian Statistics -- Counting Statistics -- Confusion Matrices -- Receiver Operating Characteristics -- Application
of Bayesian Statistical Methods -- Pulse Shape Discrimination as an Example of Binary Classification -- Problems -- 5. The Nuclear Fuel Cycle -- Mining and Chemical Processing of Uranium -- UF6 Conversion and Enrichment -- Post-Reactor
-- Conversion of Military Materials -- Waste Management -- Enrichment Technologies -- Reactors and Proliferation -- Problems -- 6. Nuclear Forensics -- Introduction -- Attribution Methods -- Analysis Tools -- Problems -- 7. Nuclear
Testing -- Introduction and History -- The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the International Monitoring System -- Radionuclide Monitoring -- Seismic Signals -- Hydroacoustic Monitoring -- Infrasonic Signatures -- Concluding Remarks
-- Problems -- 8. Active Interrogation -- Introduction -- Neutron Active Interrogation -- Photofission -- Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence -- Dose Considerations -- 9. Advanced Detection Technologies -- Introduction -- Advanced
Scintillator Materials -- Advanced Semiconductor Detectors -- Alternatives to 3HE -- Imaging Detectors -- Concluding Remarks -- Problems -- 10 -- Arms Control and Treaty Verification -- Introduction -- Neutron Multiplicity Counting --
Pu300, Pu600, and Pu900 Methods -- Neutron Imaging -- Neutrino Methods -- Concluding Remarks -- Problems -- 11. Public Policy and Proliferation -- Introduction -- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) -- Nuclear
Nonproliferation Activities within the US Government -- Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) -- A The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons -- The Atomic Energy Act -- The Area under the ROC Curve for Gaussian Probability
Distributions -- Index.
ISBN:9783319297316
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear energy , Nuclear physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , System safety , Nuclear engineering , Materials science , Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Nuclear Energy , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Nuclear Engineering , Security Science and Technology , Particle and Nuclear Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319143941:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synchrotron Light Sources and Free-Electron Lasers Accelerator Physics, Instrumentation and Science Applications
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (632 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-14394-1
Contents:Accelerator Physics -- Physics of Synchrotron Radiation -- Introduction to High-Gain FEL Theory -- Seeding the Harmonic Generation in Free Electron Lasers -- Ultrashort Pulses from Synchrotron Radiation Sources -- Terahertz Radiation
Sources -- Facility Design -- Storage Ring Design for Synchrotron Radiation Sources -- Electron Linear Accelerator for X-Ray FEL -- The SCALA FEL -- FLASH: The First Superconducting X-Ray FEL -- Energy Recovery Linacs -- Technology
Basis -- Integrated Multi-Magnet Systems -- Superconduction RF: Enabling Technology for Modern Light Sources -- Vacuum Systems for Synchrotron Light Sources and FELs -- Electron Sources for Brilliant Light Sources -- Shaping Photon
Beams with Undulators and Wigglers -- Control Systems, Operational Tools -- Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics -- Orbit/Trajectory Control and Feedback -- Beam Instabilities, Feedback Systems -- Brilliant Light Sources Driven by
Laser-Plasma Accelerators
ISBN:9783319143941
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Optics , Electrodynamics , Condensed matter , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Materials science , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Condensed Matter Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Physical Chemistry , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642405945:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers in Optical Methods [electronic resource] : Nano-Characterization and Coherent Control
Author(s): Ken-ichi Shudo
Ikufumui Katayama
Shin-Ya Ohno
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This collection of reviews by leading Japanese researchers covers topics like ultrafast optical responses, terahertz and phonon studies, super-sensitive surface and high-pressure spectroscopy, combination of visible and x-rayphotonics. Several relate d areas at the cutting edge of measurement technology and materials science are included. This book is partly based on well-cited review articles in the Japanese language in special volumes of the Journal ofthe Vacuum Society of Japan
Contents:State
of
Art of Terahertz Science and Technology
Broadband Terahertz Spectroscopy and its Application to the Characterization of Thin Films
Single Photon Counting and Passive Microscopy of Terahertz Radiation
Coherent Phonons in Carbon Nanotubes
Time
resolved X
ray Diffraction Studies of Coherent Lattice Dynamics Using Synchrotron Radiation
Imaging GHz
THz Acoustic Wave Propagation in Thin Films and Microstructures
Material Evaluation with Various Optical Measurement Systems: Focusing on Terahertz Spectroscopy
Ultrafast Excitation and Dynamics Measurements with Intense Ult
ISBN:9783642405945
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v180
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400721654:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Photometry, Radiometry, and Measurements of Optical Losses [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Bukshtab
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Applied Photometry, Radiometry, and Measurements of Optical Losses reviews and analyzes physical concepts of radiation transfer, providing quantitative foundation for the means of measurements of optical losses, which affectpropagation and distributi on of light waves in various media and in diverse optical systems and components. The comprehensive analysis of advanced methodologies for low-loss detection is outlined in comparison with the classicphotometric and radiometric observations, having a broa d range of techniques examined and summarized: from interferometric and calorimetric, resonator and polarization, phase-shift and ring-down decay, wavelength and frequencymodulation to pulse separation and resonant, acousto-optic and emissive - subsequent ly compared to direct and balancing methods for studying free-space and polarization optics, fibers and waveguides. The material is focused on applyingoptical methods and procedures for evaluation of transparent, reflecting, scattering, absorbing, and agg regated objects, and for determination of power and energy parameters of radiation and color properties of light
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Acknowledgements
Abstract
Preface
PART I APPLIED PHOTOMETRY AND RADIOMETRY
I.1. Background
Chapter 1 Radiometric and photometric quantities and notions
Chapter 2 Methods of photometric and radiometric measurements
Chapter 3 Radiometry of partially coherent radiation
Chapter 4 Photometers and radiometers
PART II MEASUREMENTS OF OPTICAL LOSSES
II.1. Features of low
loss assessments
Chapter 5 Conventional measurement techniques
Chapter 6 Systems of multiple reflections
Chapter 7 Laser spectroscopy
Chapter 8 Measurements in passive resonators
Chapter 9
ISBN:9789400721654
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v163
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642301834:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atmospheric Physics [electronic resource] : Background Methods Trends
Author(s): Ulrich Schumann
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the German Aerospace Center (DLR), this book presents more than 50 chapters highlighting results of the institutes research. The book providesan up-to-date, in-depth s urvey across the entire field of atmospheric science, including atmospheric dynamics, radiation, cloud physics, chemistry, climate, numerical simulation, remote sensing, instruments and measurements, as well asatmospheric acoustics. The authors have provi ded a readily comprehensible and self-contained presentation of the complex field of atmospheric science. The topics are of direct relevance for aerospace science and technology. Futureresearch challenges are identified
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: The Atmosphere
The Atmosphere
from the surface to the stratosphere
Chemical composition of the atmosphere
Atmospheric
The Earth's radiation budget
the driver for weather and climate
Greenhouse effect, radiative forcing and climate sensitivity
Methods
Measurements of nitrogen oxides and related trace gases
Chemical ionization mass spectrometric measurements of atmospheric trace
In
situ measurement methods for atmospheric aerosol particles
Dropsondes
Lightning detection
Research trends
Probabilistic weather forecasting
Recent and f
ISBN:9783642301834
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Research Topics in Aerospace, 2194-8240
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Analytical biochemistry , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642251191:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Temperature Phenomena in Shock Waves [electronic resource]
Author(s): Raymond Brun
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The high temperatures generated in gases by shock waves give rise to physical and chemical phenomena such as molecular vibrational excitation, dissociation, ionization, chemical reactions and inherently related radiation. Incontinuum regime, these pr ocesses start from the wave front, so that generally the gaseous media behind shock waves may be in a thermodynamic and chemical non-equilibrium state. This book presents the state of knowledge of thesephenomena. Thus, the thermodynamic properties of high temperature gases, including the plasma state are described, as well as the kinetics of the various chemical phenomena cited above. Numerous results of measurement and computationof vibrational relaxation times, dissociation and reaction rate constants a re given, and various ionization and radiative mechanisms and processes are presented. The coupling between these different phenomena is taken into account aswell as their interaction with the flow-field. Particular points such as the case of rarefied flo ws and the inside of the shock wave itself are also examined. Examples of specific non-equilibrium flows are given, generallycorresponding to those encountered during spatial missions or in shock tube experiments
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Thermodynamic Properties of Gases behind Shock Waves
Non
Equilibrium Kinetics and Transport Properties behind Shock Waves
Non
Equilibrium Kinetics behind Shock Waves
Experimental Aspects
Ionization Phenomena behind Shock Waves
Radiation Phenomena behind Shock Waves
Structure of Shock Waves
Shock Waves in Hypersonic Rarefied Flows
High Enthalpy Non
Equilibrium Shock Layer Flows
Selected Practical Applications
ISBN:9783642251191
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library : v7
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441987891:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coronal Mass Ejections [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Timothy Howard
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In times of growing technological sophistication and of our dependence on electronic technology, we are all affected by space weather. In its most extreme form, space weather can disrupt communications, damage and destroyspacecraft and power stations , and increase radiation exposure to astronauts and airline passengers. Major space weather events, called geomagnetic storms, are large disruptions in the Earths magnetic field brought about by thearrival of enormous magnetized plasma clouds from the Sun . Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) contain billions of tons of plasma and hurtle through space at speeds of several million miles per hour. Understanding coronal mass ejections andtheir impact on the Earth is of great interest to both the scientific and tech nological communities. This book provides an introduction to coronal mass ejections, including a history of their observation and scientific revelations,instruments and theory behind their detection and measurement, and the status quo of theories describi ng their onset and evolution through the heliosphere. We present the story behind the life of a CME, from its magnetic field originsin the solar corona and photosphere to its eventual fate deep in the heliosphere. The intention is to provide an easily acc essible resource for those who are seeking to learn more about this fascinating and crucial naturalphenomenon
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: History
Chapter 3: Summary of Spacecraft
Chapter 4: How We Observe CMEs
Chapter 5: Geometry of CMEs and ICMEs
Chapter 6: Radio Astronomical Techniques
Chapter 7: Associated Phenomena
Chapter 8: CME Onset and Initial Acceleration
Chapter 9: CME Evolution
Chapter 10: Interaction With the Earth and Other Planets
Contribution to Space Weather
Chapter 11: Summary and Discussion
Glossary
Index
ISBN:9781441987891
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v376
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Astrophysics , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441980410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Is There a Temperature? [electronic resource] : Conceptual Challenges at High Energy, Acceleration and Complexity
Author(s): Tams Sndor Bir
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Physical bodies can be hot or cold, moving or standing,simple or complex. In all such cases one assumes that their respective temperature is a well defined attribute. What if, however, the ordinary measurement of temperatureby direct body contact is not possible? One conjectures its value, and yes, its very existence, by reasoning based on basic principles of thermodynamics. Is There a Temperature? Conceptual Challenges at High Energy, Accelerationand Complexity, by Dr. Tams Sndor Br, begins by askin g the questions Do we understand and can we explain in a unified framework the temperature of distant radiation sources, including event horizons, and that of the quarkmatter produced in high energy accelerator experiments? Or the astounding fluctuations on financial markets? The book reviews the concept of temperature from its beginnings through the evolution of classical thermodynamics andatomic statistical physics through contemporary models of high energy particle matter. Based on the views of high en ergy nuclear physicists, it crosses over several traditional disciplines of university physics.Recent developmentstowards an abstract, general and thermodynamically consistent treatment of non-extensive systems are worked in. Exercise problems and solutio ns help to deepen the readers understanding into the details behind the theories.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
How to measure the temperature
How to interpret the temperature
Fluctuatingtemperature
Complications with the temperature
The temperature of moving bodies
The temperature of no return
The temperature in quantum field theory
Afterword
Solutions
References
ISBN:9781441980410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v171
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics , Thermodynamics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048137350:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:General Relativity and John Archibald Wheeler [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ignazio Ciufolini
Richard A Matzner
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Observational and experimental data pertaining to gravity and cosmology are changing our view of the Universe. General relativity is a fundamental key for the understanding of these observations and its theory is undergoing acontinuing enhancement of its intersection with observational and experimental data. These data include direct observations and experiments carried out in our solar system, among which there are direct gravitational wave astronomy,frame dragging and tests of gravitational theorie s from solar system and spacecraft observations. This book explores John Archibald Wheeler's seminal and enduring contributions in relativistic astrophysics and includes: the GeneralTheory of Relativity and Wheeler's influence recent developments in the c onfrontation of relativity with experiments the theory describing gravitational radiation, and its detection in Earth-based and space-based interferometerdetectors as well as in Earth-based bar detectors the mathematical description of the initial value p roblem in relativity and applications to modeling gravitational wave sources via computational relativity the phenomenon of framedragging and its measurement by satellite observations. All of these areas were of direct interest to Professor John A. Wheele r and were seminally influenced by his ideas
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction: General Relativity and John Archibald Wheeler
Chapter 1: John Archibald Wheeler and General Relativity
John Wheeler and the Recertification of General Relativity as True Physics
John Archibald Wheeler:A Few Highlights of His Contributions to Physics
Wheeler wormholes and the modern astrophysics
Chapter 2: Foundations and Tests of General Relativity
Unified Form of the Initial Value Conditions
The Confrontation Between General Relativity and Experiment
Measurements of Space Curvature by Solar Mass
Modern cosmology: early and late Universe
ISBN:9789048137350
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v367
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642025860:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Radiation Protection [electronic resource] : Practical Knowledge for Handling Radioactive Sources
Author(s): Claus Grupen
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book presents an accessible account of the sources of ionising radiation and the methods of radiation protection. The basics of nuclear physics which are directly related to radiation protection are briefly discussed. The bookdescribes the units of radiation protection, the measurement techniques, biological effects of radiation, environmental radiation, and many applications of radiation. For each chapter there is a problem section with full solutions. Adetailed glossary and many useful informat ion in appendixes complete the book. The author has addressed the issue of internationality to make sure that the text and, in particular, the complicated regulations can be easily interpretednot only in Europe and the United States but also in other coun tries. The subject of radiation protection requires a certain amount of mathematics. For those who have forgotten the basic rules of calculus a short refresher course inthe form of a mathematical appendix is added
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Units of Radiation Protection
Basic Nuclear Physics
Interaction of Ionising Radiation with Matter
Detectors for Radiation Protection
International Safety Standards for Radiation Protection
Organisation of Radiation Protection
Practical Safety Measures
Radiation Sources
X
Rays and X
Ray Regulations
Environmental Radioactivity
Nuclear Power Plants
Biological Effects of Ionising Radiation
Radiation Accidents
Non
Ionising Radiation
Solutions to the Problems
Formulary
Written Test on Radiation Protection
ISBN:9783642025860
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Nuclear medicine , Radiotherapy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642008290:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Experimental Techniques in Nuclear and Particle Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stefaan Tavernier
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is based on a course in nuclear and particle physics that the author has taught over many years to physics students, students in nuclear engineering and students in biomedical engineering. It provides the basicunderstanding that any student or researcher using such instruments and techniques should have about the subject. After an introduction to the structure of matter at the subatomic scale, it covers the experimental aspects of nuclearand particle physics. Ideally complementing a theoreti cally-oriented textbook on nuclear physics and/or particle physics, it introduces the reader to the different techniques used in nuclear and particle physics to accelerate particlesand to measurement techniques (detectors) in nuclear and particle physics. The main subjects treated are: interactions of subatomic particles in matter particle accelerators basics of different types of detectors and nuclearelectronics. The book will be of interest to undergraduates, graduates and researchers in both particle a nd nuclear physics. For the physicists it is a good introduction to all experimental aspects of nuclear and particle physics.Nuclear engineers will appreciate the nuclear measurement techniques, while biomedical engineers can learn about measuring ionisin g radiation, the use of accelerators for radiotherapy. Whats more, worked examples, end-of-chapterexercises, and appendices with key constants, properties and relationships supplement the textual material
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Interactions of Particles in Matter
Natural and Man
Made Sources of Radiation
Detectors based on Ionisation in Gasses
Detectors based on Ionisation in Semiconductor Materials
Detectors based on Scintillation
Neutron Detection
Electronics for Particle Detectors
Solutions to Exercises
Annexes: Physical Constants
International System of Units
Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Materials
Periodic Table of Elements
Electromagnetic Relations
Commonly used Radioactive Sources
ISBN:9783642008290
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration , Nuclear engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783211783818:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Physics of Metrology [electronic resource] All about Instruments: From Trundle Wheels to Atomic Clocks
Author(s): Alexius J Hebra
Date:2010
Publisher:Vienna : Springer Vienna
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Conceived as a reference manual for practicing engineers, instrument designers, service technicians and engineering students. The related fields of physics, mechanics and mathematics are frequently incorporated to enhance theunderstanding of the subj ect matter. Historical anecdotes as far back as Hellenistic times to modern scientists help illustrate in an entertaining manner ideas ranging from impractical inventions in history to those that have changedour lives
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The measurement of length
Angles and arcs
Clocks and the measurement of time
Velocity and acceleration
Force, mass, weight, and torque
Vibrations
Thermodynamics
Pressure
Density of solids, liquids, and gases
Light and radiation
Acoustics
Electrical and electronic instruments
Automation Instruments that think
ISBN:9783211783818
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Mechanical engineering , Control engineering systems , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441973979:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Refractography [electronic resource]
Author(s): B.S Rinkevichyus
O.A Evtikhieva
I.L Raskovskaya
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the basic principles of laser refractography, a flexible new diagnostic tool for measuring optically inhomogeneous media and flows. Laser refractography is based on digital imaging and computer processing ofstructured laser beam r efraction (SLR) in inhomogeneous transparent media. Laser refractograms provide both qualitative and quantitative measurements and can be used for the study of fast and transient processes. In this book, thetheoretical basis of refractography is explored in some detail, and experimental setups are described for measurement of transparent media using either 2D (passed radiation) or 3D (scattered radiation) refractograms. Specific examplesand applications are discussed, including visualization of the bounda ry layer near a hot or cold metallic ball in water, and observation of edge effects and microlayers in liquids and gases. As the first book to describe this new andexciting technique, this monograph has broad cross-disciplinary appeal and will be of inter est to students and researchers who need to characterize complex fluid behavior
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Structured Laser Radiation
Physical Causes of Optical Inhomogeneity
Refraction of Laser Beams in Inhomogeneous Media
Refraction of SLR in a Spherical Inhomogeneity
Laser Refractography Systems
Digital Recording and Processing for Refractography
Quantitative Diagnosis of Inhomogeneities
Conclusion
Quiz
Index
ISBN:9781441973979
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer vision , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540745617:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Developments in X-Ray and Neutron Optics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexei Erko
Mourad Idir
Thomas Krist
Alan G Michette
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume describes modern developments in reflective, refractive and diffractive optics for short wavelength radiation as well as recent theoretical approaches to modelling and ray-tracing the X-ray and neutron optical systems.It is based on the j oint research activities of specialists in X-ray and neutron optics from 11 countries, working together under the framework of the European Programme for Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST, Action P7) inthe period 2002--2006. The chapters are wri tten by leading specialists from European laboratories, universities and large facilities. In addition to new ideas and concepts, the contents provide a large amount of practical informationabout recently implemented devices and methods
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. X
Ray and Neutron Optical Systems
2. The BESSY Ray
trace Program RAY
3. Neutron Beam Phase Space Mapping
4. Ray
Tracing of Neutron Optical Systems with RESTRAX
5. Wavefront Propagation
6. Theoretical Analysis of X
Ray Waveguides
7. Focusing Optics for Neutrons
8. Volume Effects in Zone Plates
9. Slope Error and Surface Roughness
10. The Long Trace Profilers
11. The Nano
optic Component Measuring Machine
12. Shape Optimization of High Performance X
Ray Optics
13. Measurement of Groove Density of Diffraction Gratings
14. The COST P7 Round Robin for Slope
ISBN:9783540745617
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in optical science, 0342-4111 : v137
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540285748:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Optics [electronic resource]
Author(s): D.F Walls
Gerard J Milburn
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum Optics gives a comprehensive coverage of developments in quantum optics over the past years. In the early chapters the formalism of quantum optics is elucidated and the main techniques are introduced. These are applied inthe later chapters to problems such as squeezed states of light, resonance fluorescence, laser theory, quantum theory of four-wave mixing, quantum non-demolition measurements, Bell's inequalities, and atom optics. Experimental resultsare used to illustrate the theory througho ut. This yields the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of experiment and theory in quantum optics in any textbook. More than 40 exercises helps readers test their understanding andprovide practice in quantitative problem solving
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Quantisation of the Electromagnetic Field
Coherence Properties of the Electromagnetic Field
Representations of the Electromagnetic Field
Quantum Phenomenon in Simple Systems in Nonlinear Optics
Stochastic Methods
Input
Output Formulation of Optical Cavities
Generation and Application of Squeezed Light
Nonlinear Dissipative Quantum Systems
Interaction of Radiation with Atoms
Quantum Theory of the Laser
Bell's Inequalities in Quantum Optics
Quantum Nondemolition Measurements
Quantum Coherence and Measurement Theory
Quantum Information
Ion
ISBN:9783540285748
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Quantum computing , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Laser physics , Quantum optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540719335:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Franz Schwabl
Date:2007
Edition:4
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This represents the introductory course which would precede and so complements the author's book on Advanced Quantum Mechanics. The new edition has been up-dated and thoroughly revised throughout and now includes many new ornewly drawn figures which will facilitate an easier understanding of subtle topics. The book meets students' needs in providing detailed mathematical steps along the way, with worked examples and applications throughout the text, andmany problems for the reader at the end of each chapter. It contains nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and a short treatment of the quantization of the radiation field. In addition to the essentials, topics such as the theory ofmeasurement, the Bell inequality, decoherence, entanglement and supersymmet ric quantum mechanics are discussed. Any student wishing to develop mathematical skills and deepen their understanding of the technical side of quantum theorywill find Schwabl's Quantum Mechanics very helpful. Contemporary Physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Historical and Experimental Foundations
The Wave Function and the Schrdinger Equation
One
Dimensional Problems
The Uncertainty Relation
Angular Momentum
The Central Potential I
Motion in an Electromagnetic Field
Operators, Matrices, State Vectors
Spin
Addition of Angular Momenta
Approximation Methods for Stationary States
Relativistic Corrections
Several
Electron Atoms
The Zeeman Effect and the Stark Effect
Molecules
Time Dependent Phenomena
The Central Potential II
Scattering Theory
Supersymmetric Quantum Theory
State and Measurement
ISBN:9783540719335
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Quantum theory , Statistical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540711278:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:NASSAU 2006 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 4th Nassau Mssbauer Symposium held in Garden City, New York, USA, 1314 January 2006
Author(s): E. E Alp
C. I Wynter
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Progress in various areas of applications of Mssbauer Effect is reported in this volume. Among the recent developments, applications of synchrotron radiation in geophysics and biophysics through the measurement of phonon densityof states of proteins and enzymes, and laboratory based high- pressure experiments in elucidating the electronic nature of correlated electron systems in condensed matter physics are some examples. Furthermore, almost after fivedecades of its discovery, with two Mssbauer spect rometers working on the surface of the Mars provided the first glimpse of the nature of iron containing minerals. With additional contributions from applications to nano-science andstudies of amorphous systems will make this volume of special interest to materials scientists, chemists, mineral and condensed matter physicists, and inorganic biochemists alike. The conference and its proceedings are dedicated to oneof the pioneers of Mssbauer Spectroscopy, late Dr. Stanley Ruby, whose original ideas, insight and enthusiasm helped create new research fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:4th Nassau Mssbauer symposium analysis and summary
Scientific legacy of Stanley Ruby
Mssbauer spectroscopy methodology at the cutting
edge of high
pressure research
Vibrational dynamics of Fe in amorphous Fe
Sc and Fe
Al alloy thin films
Nuclear Resonance Vibrational Spectroscopy (NRVS) of Fe
S model compounds, Fe
S proteins, and nitrogenase
On Spin Hamiltonian fits to Mssbauer spectra of high
spin Fe(II) porphyrinate systems
Mssbauer effect of 151Eu in europium salen complex nanoparticles
Velocity scales for Mars Mssbauer data
Nanowires of iron oxides embedde
ISBN:9783540711278
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387697345:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Paraboloidal Reflector Antenna in Radio Astronomy and Communication [electronic resource] Theory and Practice
Author(s): Jacob W.M Baars
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Reflector antennas are widely used in the microwave and millimeter wavelength domain. Radio astronomers have developed techniques of calibration of large antennas with radio astronomical methods. These have not beencomprehensively described. This tex t aims to fill this gap. The Paraboloidal Reflector Antenna in Radio Astronomy and Communication: Theory and Practice takes a practical approach to the characterization of antennas. All calculationsand results in the form of tables and figures have been m ade with Mathematica by Wolfram Research. The reader can use the procedures for the implementation of his/her own input data. The book should be of use to all who are involved inthe design and calibration of large antennas, like ground station managers an d engineers, practicing radio astronomers, and finally, graduate students in radio astronomy and communication technology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction and Historical Development
Geometry of Reflector Antennas
Electromagnetic Theory of the Reflector Antenna
Antenna beam characteristics in Practical Applications
Interaction of the Antenna with the Radiation Source
Measurement of Antenna Parameters
Miscellaneous Subjects
Design Features of Some Radio Telescopes
ISBN:9780387697345
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v348
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Electromagnetism , Electrodynamics , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387331393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound [electronic resource]
Author(s): Charles H Sherman
John L Butler
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is concerned with the theory, development and design of electroacoustic transducers for underwater applications, and is more comprehensive than any existing book in this field. It includes the basics of the six majortypes of electroacoustic transducers, with emphasis on the piezoelectric ceramic transducers that are currently most widely used. It presents the basic acoustics, as well as specific acoustic data, needed in transducer design andincludes analysis of nonlinear effects in transduc ers. A large number of specific transducer designs, including both projectors and hydrophones, are described in detail as well as methods of modeling, evaluation and measurement.Analysis of transducer arrays, including the effects of mutual radiation impe dance, as well as numerical models for transducers and arrays are also covered. The book contains an extensive Appendix of useful current information,including data on the latest transduction materials, and numerous diagrams that will facilitate its use b y students and practicing engineers and scientists
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Electroacoustic Transduction
Transducers as Projectors
Transducers as Hydrophones
Projector Arrays
Hydrophone Arrays
Transducer Models
Transducer Characteristics
Nonlinear Mechanisms and Their Effects
Acoustic Radiation from Transducers
Advanced Acoustic Radiation Calculations
Transducer Evaluation and Measurement
ISBN:9780387331393
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Monograph Series in Underwater Acoustics
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Acoustics , Mechanical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387237916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jun Ye
Steven T Cundiff
Date:2005
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Over the last few years, there has been a remarkable convergence among the fields of ultrafast optics, optical frequency metrology, and precision laser spectroscopy. This convergence has enabled unprecedented advances in controlof the electric field of the pulses produced by femtosecond mode-locked lasers. The resulting spectrum consists of a comb of sharp spectral lines with well-defined frequencies. These new techniques and capabilities are generally knownas femtosecond comb technology. They have h ad dramatic impact on the diverse fields of precision measurement and extreme nonlinear optical physics. This book provides an introductory description of mode-locked lasers, theconnection between time and frequency descriptions of their output and the ph ysical origins of the electric field dynamics, together with an overview of applications of femtosecond comb technology. Individual chapters go into moredetail on mode-locked laser development, spectral broadening in microstructure fiber, optical parametr ic amplification, optical frequency metrology, optical atomic clocks, ultrasensitive sensors, carrier-envelope phase dynamics, highfield ionization of atoms and generation of attosecond high-harmonic radiation. To provide readers with the most recent, dir ect, and comprehensive information, the chapters are written by the international researchers who have led thedevelopment of this field. This book provides an introduction to those new to the field and is at the same time a resource for experts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Introduction to Optical Frequency Comb and its Applications
Femtosecond Laser Development
High Repetition Rate Ring Oscillator
Microstructure Fiber and White Light Generation
Optical Comb Dynamics and Stabilization
Femtosecond Nonlinear Parametric Generators
Optical Frequency Measurement
Optical Frequency Measurement: From Harmonic Chain to Comb
Optical Atomic Clock
Attosecond Metrology
Extreme Nonlinear Optics
Application of Rotation Sensing
ISBN:9780387237916
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectrum analysis , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662062616:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Classical Relativistic Electrodynamics Theory of Light Emission and Application to Free Electron Lasers
Author(s): Toshiyuki Shiozawa
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (234 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-06261-6
Contents:1. Basic Electromagnetic Theory -- 2. Foundations of Relativistic Electrodynamics -- 3. Radiation from a Moving Charged Particle -- 4. Macroscopic Theory of Relativistic Electron Beams -- 5. Stimulated Cherenkov Effect -- 6.
Single-Particle Theory of the Free-Electron Laser -- 7. Collective Theory of the Free-Electron Laser -- 8. FDTD Analysis of Beam-Wave Interaction -- References
ISBN:9783662062616
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Particle acceleration , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783540408901:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray Optics High-Energy-Resolution Applications
Author(s): Yuri Shvyd’ko
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (406 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-540-40890-1
Contents:1. Overview of the Field -- 2. Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction (Focus on Backscattering) -- 3. Principles of Multiple-Crystal X-Ray Diffraction -- 4. Theory of X-Ray Fabry-Pérot Resonators -- 5. High-Resolution X-Ray
Monochromators -- 6. High-Resolution X-Ray Analyzers -- 7. Towards Realizing X-Ray Resonators -- A. Appendices -- A.1 Si Crystal Data -- A.3 Bragg Back-Reflections in Si -- A.5 Low-Lying Levels of Stable Isotopes -- A.8 Radiation
Wavelength and Angle of Incidence for Exact Bragg Backscattering -- List of Symbols
ISBN:9783540408901
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences: 98
Keywords: Physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402025273:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scientific Detectors for Astronomy The Beginning of a New Era
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (630 p.)
Note:10.1007/1-4020-2527-0
Contents:A Golden Era for Astronomy: The Advent of CCDS and Infrared Arrays -- A Golden Era for Astronomy: The Advent of CCDS and Infrared Arrays -- Detector Manufacturers -- Overview of Astronomy Arrays at Raytheon Infrared Operations (RIO)
-- A New Photon Counting Detector: Intensified CMOS-APS -- Preliminary Test Measurements of the SPAD Array -- Preliminary Characterization of Two High-Speed, Back-Illuminated CCD Image Sensors -- Broadband (200–1000 NM)
Back-Illuminated CCD Imagers -- Orion: A 1–5 Micron Focal Plane for the 21st Century -- Performance of 5 Micron, Molecular Beam Epitaxy HgCdTe Sensor Chip Assemblies (SCAs) for the NGST Mission and Ground-Based Astronomy -- Cosmic Rays
and Other Nonsense in Astronomical CCD Imagers -- An Overview of CCD Development at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory -- Scientific CMOS Pixels -- Secrets of E2V Technologies CCDs -- Progress in Ultra-Low Noise Hybrid and
Monolithic FPAs for Visible and Infrared -- A Marconi CCD42-40 with Anti-Blooming -- Very Large Format Back Illuminated CCDS -- Compound Semiconductor Detectors -- Optical Photon-Counting STJ Activities at ESA --
Silicon-on-Insulator-Based Single-Chip Image Sensors -- Large Format and Scientific Detectors at Fairchild Imaging -- HgCdTe Detectors for the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 IR Channel -- CMOS Active Pixel Sensor
Developments at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory -- Observatory Status/Plans -- Eso’s Optical Detector Sytems in the VLT Operations Era -- The Detector Systems of the Keck Observatory: UV to 25 Microns -- IR Detector Developments at
Eso -- Controller Developments -- Detector Work at the UKATC -- CCD Camera Systems for the GTC -- Detectors at CTIO: Present Status and Future Plans -- Strange Happenings in the Dungeons -- NOAO Observatory Plans -- MONSOON Image
Acquisition System -- Instrumentation -- Improved CCD Detectors for High Speed, Charge Exchange Spectroscopy Studies on the DIII-D Tokamak -- A CCD Wavefront Sensing System for the ESO Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics Demonstrator (MAD)
-- CFHT’s Skyprobe: True Atmospheric Attenuation Measurement in the Telescope Field -- CFHT’s Flyeyes: Assessing On-sky Performance of the New MIT/LL CCID-35 CCD Curvature Wavefront Sensor -- Ultra-Clean CCD Cryostats -- The Impact of
Astronomy Technologies on Chemical Analysis -- A CCD-based Curvature Wavefront Sensor for Adaptive Optics in Astronomy -- Performance and Results of the NAOS Visible Wavefront Sensor -- Fabry Perot Observations Using a New GaAs Photon
Counting System -- Near IR Fringe Tracking for VLTI: the FINITO Detection System -- OSIRIS Detectors -- The Optimized Cryostat for the LBC Camera -- The Omegacam Shutter -- Ultra-Deep Optical Spectroscopy with PMAS -- The Tololo all
Sky Camera -- The Orthogonal Parallel Imaging Transfer Camera -- Giga-Pixels and Sky Surveys -- The Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 Instrument Charge-Coupled Device Detectors -- Camera and Detector Development in the Space
Science and Technology Department of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory -- Compact CCD Camera -- Electronics -- The Design and Testing of a Cryogenic Pre-amplifier for the Rockwell HAWAII and HAWAII-II Detector Arrays -- The New
Generation CCD Controller: First Results -- ISPI Software -- Compact CCD Guider Camera for Magelian -- Readout Techniques for Drift and Low Frequency Noise Rejection in Infrared Arrays -- AzCam: A Windows-Based CCD/CMOS Client/Server
Data Acquisition System -- Upgrade of Eso’s Fiera CCD Controller and Pulpo Subsystem -- An Optimized Data Acquisition System Without Reset Anomaly for the Hawaii and Hawaii-2 Arrays -- GTC Acquisition Cameras and Wavefront Sensors -- A
New CCD Controller at UCO/Lich Observatory -- The use of ASIC Thecnology in the Development of Compact, Low-Power CCD Cameras -- Detector Testing and Characterization -- Characterization of the Si: As Blocked Impurity Band (BIB)
Detector in Keck’s Long Wavelength Spectrometer (LWS) -- Characterizing the CCDS of the Omegacam Wide-Angle Camera -- Emir HAWAII-2 Detector Test Bench -- Emir HAWAII-II First Test Results -- Test Results with 2K×2K MCT Arrays -- The
HAWAII-2 2048×2048 HgCdTe Detector Arrays -- How Accurate Are QE Measurements? -- Focal Plane Mosaics -- The Electronic Controller of the 40 CCDS MegaCam Mosaic -- Design of the CRIRES 512×4096 Pixel Aladdin InSB Focal Plane Array
Detector Mosaic -- Performance of HAWAII-2 FPA for Subaru Multi-Object Near-Infrared Camera and Spectrograph -- Wide Field Focal Plane Arrays for UKIRT and VISTA -- Fully Buttable Imagers -- Mosaic Focal Plane Development -- Space
Missions -- In-flight Performance of the Advanced Camera for Surveys CCDS -- On the Implementation and Calibration of the Focal Plane for GAIA -- Behaviour of a Raytheon IRFPA (438×270) under High Energy Protons -- Radiation Damage
Effects in XMM-Newton Epic Mos CCDs -- 95 Million Pixel Focal Plane for Use on the Kepler Discovery Mission -- Sub-electon Noise Focal Plane Arrays -- L3CCDs: Fast Photon Counting for Optical Interferometry -- L3CCD’s: Low Readout
Noise CCDs in Astronomy -- Zero Noise CCD -- First Results of an L3CCD in Photon Counting Mode
ISBN:9781402025273
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library : 300
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Solid state physics , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9780817682064:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Parametric and Semiparametric Models with Applications to Reliability, Survival Analysis, and Quality of Life
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (555 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-0-8176-8206-4
Contents:I: Cox Models and Analyses -- 1 Estimation in Partly Parametric Additive Cox Models -- 2 Nonparametric Maximum Likelihood Estimation in the Proportional Hazards Model with Covariate Measurement Error -- 3 Diagnostics for Cox’s
Proportional Hazards Model -- II: Degradation Models and Analyses -- 4 Semiparametric Analysis of Degradation and Failure Time Data with Covariates -- 5 On a Degradation-Failure Model for Repairable Items -- 6 Comparison of Parametric
and Semiparametric Estimates in a Degradation Model with Covariates and Traumatic Censoring -- III: Accelerated Failure Time Models and Analyses -- 7 Accelerated Life Testing, Fuzzy Information and Generalized Probability -- 8
Asymptotic Theory in Rank Estimation for AFT Model Under Fixed Censorship -- 9 An Example of Optimal Design in Accelerated Experiments -- IV: Aging Properties and Analyses -- 10 Aspects of Multivariate Aging in Exchangeable Frailty
Models -- 11 Semiparametric Models in the Studies of Aging and Longevity -- V: Analyses of Censored and Truncated Data -- 12 Semiparametric Transformation Models for Arbitrarily Censored and Truncated Data -- 13 EM Algorithm for
Type-II Right Censored Bivariate Normal Data -- 14 Statistical Estimation Based on Interval Censored Data -- VI: Regression Methods and Applications -- 15 The Covariate Order Method for Nonparametric Exponential Regression and Some
Applications in Other Lifetime Models -- 16 Effect of Ignoring Heterogeneity in Hazards Regression -- VII: Time Series Analysis -- 17 An Introduction to Efficient Estimation for Semiparametric Time Series -- VIII: Inferential Analysis
-- 18 Distance-based Multivariate Two Sample Tests -- 18 Empirical Likelihood in Nonparametric and Semiparametric Models -- 19 Goodness of Fit Tests of L2-Type -- IX: Multicentre Studies -- 12 Asymptotic Properties of the CRT
Estimators for Multicentre Studies -- X: Quality of Life Studies -- 22 HRQoL and Concomitant Adjusted Mean Residual Life Analysis -- 23 Semiparametric Approach to the Multivariate Mixed Rasch Model -- XI: Breast Cancer Studies -- 24
Breast Cancer Prognosis Using Survival Forests -- 25 Semiparametric Versus Parametric Regression Analysis Based on the Bounded Cumulative Hazard Model: An Application to Breast Cancer Recurrence -- XII: Inference for Processes -- 26
Estimation of Analytic Spectral Density of Gaussian Stationary Processes -- 27 Sub-optimal Estimation of an Unknown function from Stationary Noisy Data -- 28 On Parameter Estimation by Contaminated Observations of Ergodic Diffusion
Processes auYu. A. Kutoyants -- 29 On Parameter Estimation for a Position-Dependent Marking of a Doubly Stochastic Poisson Process -- 30 Discrete Time Semi-Markov Processes for Reliability and Survival Analysis - A Nonparametric
Estimation Approach -- 31 Non-parametric Estimation on Lifetimes of Subjects Exposed to Radiation from a Semi-Markov Process -- XIII: Probability Theory and Applications -- 32 An Extension of Lévy’ s Formula to Weighted Wiener
Processes -- 33 Sur l’Inégalité de Concentration de Doeblin-Lévy, Rogozin—Kesten
ISBN:9780817682064
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Applications of Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783662050347:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Accelerator Physics I Basic Principles and Linear Beam Dynamics II Nonlinear and Higher-Order Beam Dynamics
Author(s): Helmut Wiedemann
Date:2003
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (921 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-05034-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. Linear Accelerators -- 3. Circular Accelerators -- 4. Charged Particles in Electromagnetic Fields -- 5. Linear Beam Dynamics -- 6. Periodic Focusing Systems -- 7. Perturbations in Beam Dynamics -- 8. Charged
Particle Acceleration -- 9. Synchrotron Radiation -- 10. Particle Beam Parameters -- 11. Beam Life Time -- 12. Collective Phenomena -- 13. Beam Emittance and Lattice Design -- 1. Hamiltonian Formulation of Beam Dynamics -- 2. General
Electromagnetic Fields -- 3. Dynamics of Coupled Motion -- 4. Higher-Order Perturbations -- 5. Hamiltonian Nonlinear Beam Dynamics -- 6. Charged Particle Acceleration -- 7. Synchrotron Radiation -- 8. Hamiltonian Many-Particle Systems
-- 9. Particle Beam Parameters -- 10. Collective Phenomena -- 11. Insertion Device Radiation -- Appendices -- A. Suggested Reading -- B. Bibliography -- References -- Author Index -- References -- Suggested Reading -- Author Index
ISBN:9783662050347
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Particle acceleration , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783642557538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics — Key Technology for the Future Joint Projects between Universities and Industry
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (732 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-55753-8
Contents:I. Motors, Vehicles -- Synthesis of Automotive Cams Using Multiple Shooting-SQP Methods for Constrained Optimization -- Numerical Optimization of Scavenging in Two-Stroke Engines with Transfer Ducts, an Exhaust Port and a Moving
Piston -- A Numerical Tool for Flow Simulation in a Wankel Motor -- An Efficient Navier-Stokes Solver for Automotive Aerodynamics -- Numerical Simulation of Exhaust Systems in Car Industry — Efficient Calculation of Radiation Heat
Transfer -- Combinatorial Optimization Techniques for Three-Dimensional Arrangement Problems -- Simulation of Test-drives of Automobiles at Driving Limit -- An Optimal Control Approach To Real-Time Vehicle Guidance -- Theoretical and
Experimental Studies of an S-Catamaran -- II. Environmental Technology -- Robust Error Estimators for Interface Problems Occuring in Transport Processes in Porous Media -- Modelling and Simulation of a Planned Bio-Chemical in situ
Remediation -- Influence of Surfactants on Spreading of Contaminants and Soil Remediation -- Improvement of Environment Observing Remote Sensing Devices by Regularization Techniques -- III. Flow, Transport and Reactions in
Technological Processes -- Stability Analysis for Reactors from Chemical Industry -- Heterogeneous Dynamic Process Flowsheet Simulation of Chemical Plants -- Numerical Simulation of Annular Chromatography -- Numerical Methods for
Parameter Estimation in Bingham-Fluids -- A Viscoelastic Turbulence Model Based on Renormalization Group Theory -- Modelling and Simulation of Capacitor Impulse Welding -- Analysis of Transport Processes for Layered Porous Materials
Used in Industrial Applications -- Modelling and Numerical Simulation of District Heating Networks with Time-Saving Solution Methods -- Sensitivity and Robustness Analysis for Construction and Monitoring of Tubine-Generator Shafts --
IV. Optics and Sensors -- Adaptive Multigrid Methods for the Vectorial Maxwell Eigenvalue Problem for Optical Waveguide Design -- Direct and Inverse Problems for Diffractive Structures — Optimization of Binary Gratings -- Computation
of Electromagnetic Fields for a Humidity Sensor -- V. Crystal Growth, Semiconductors -- Simulation of Industrial Crystal Growth by the Vertical Bridgman Method -- Numerical Simulation and Control of Industrial Crystal Growth Processes
-- Optimal Control of Sublimation Growth of SiC Crystals -- Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Simulation of Semiconductor Detectors -- Optimal Design of High Power Electronic Devices by Topology Optimization -- Modelling and
Simulation of Strained Quantum Wells in Semiconductor Lasers -- VI. Electronic Circuits -- Efficient Analysis of Oscillatory Circuits -- Modelling and Simulation of Power Devices for High-Voltage Integrated Circuits -- Finding
Beneficial DAE Structures in Circuit Simulation -- CHORAL — a Charge-Oriented Algorithm for the Numerical Integration of Electrical Circuits -- VII. Tomography, Image Analysis and Visualisation -- Reconstructing Crystalline Structures
from Few Images Under High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy -- Measurement of Paint Layer Thickness with Photothermal Infrared Radiometry -- Spatio-Temporal Current Density Reconstruction from EEG-/MEG-Data -- Signal
Correction in NMR Spectroscopy -- On Scattering of Ultrasonic Waves -- Smoothing of Tomographic Data and Hybrid Volume-Surface Visualisation -- Video Coding with Adaptive Vector Quantization and Rate Distortion Optimization -- VIII.
Statistical Methods in Medical Applications -- The Application of Statistical Methods of Meta-Analysis for Heterogeneity Modelling in Medicine and Pharmacy, Psychology, Quality Control and Assurance -- An Application for the Analysis
of Human Tremor Time-Series -- IX. Optimization in Design and Production -- Free Material Optimization -- Automatic Layout and Labelling of State Diagrams -- Optimization Problems in a Semi-Automatic Device for Cutting Leather --
Stochastic Programming for Power Production and Trading Under Uncertainty -- Scheduling Scarce Resources in Chemical Engineering -- X. Optimization in Traffic and Communication -- Duty Scheduling in Public Transit -- Rotation Planning
for the Continental Service of a European Airline -- Computer Aided Scheduling of Switching Engines -- Train Schedule Optimization in Public Rail Transport -- An Integrated Planning Approach for Cellular Radio Networks -- Author Index
ISBN:9783642557538
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemometrics , Computer graphics , Computer mathematics , Visualization , Statistics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Computational Science and Engineering , Visualization , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Computer Imaging, Vision, Pattern Recognition and Graphics , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783540369738:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Current Trends in Relativistic Astrophysics Theoretical, Numerical, Observational
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (244 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-36973-2
Contents:Relativistic Astrophysics -- Relativistic Astrophysics -- Black Holes:Theory, Evolution, Accretion and Stability -- Black Hole Thermodynamics -- Perturbations of Black Holes -- Critical Phenomena in Gravitational Collapse: The Role of
Angular Momentum -- Numerical and Perturbative Analysis of Astrophysical Processes -- Stellar Perturbations -- Numerical Relativistic Hydrodynamics -- Flux Limiter Methods in 3D Numerical Relativity -- Gauge Conditions for Long-Term
Numerical Black Hole Evolution With or Without Excision -- Numerical Relativity with the Conformal Field Equations -- Gravitational Waves:Production and Detection -- Binary Black Holes and Gravitational Wave Production: Post-Newtonian
Analytic Treatment -- The Detection of Gravitational Waves -- Other Topics -- Structure of Conformal Lorentz Transformations -- Circularity Conditions on Stationary Axisymmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills Fields -- The Shortest Cut in Brane
Cosmology -- Weak Energy Condition Violation and Superluminal Travel -- Factor Structure of Rational Vacuum Metrics and a Generalization of the Tomimatsu-Sato Solutions -- An Anisotropic Cosmological Model with Isotropic Background
Radiation -- Lorentzian Comments on Stokes Parameters -- Causal Transformations -- TELEPENSOUTH Project: Measurement of the Earth Gravitomagnetic Field in a Terrestrial Laboratory -- Supermassive Stars with Local Anisotropy, Possible
Source of Some Quasars’ Luminosity? -- On Modifications of the Einstein—Straus Model to Anisotropic Settings
ISBN:9783540369738
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 617
Keywords: Physics , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783540365365:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring the Atmosphere by Remote Sensing Techniques
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (264 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-36536-2
Contents:Global Measurement Networks for Atmospheric Studies -- Atmospheric Observations in the Perspective of Changing Climate and Environment, and the Synergy Between Ground-Based, Airborne and Space-Based Measurements -- A Review of
Forward-Modeling Requirements -- Electromagnetic Scattering by Nonspherical Particles -- Modelling Information Content Problems of the Radiative Transfer Theory -- The Earth Radiation -- Analytical Inverse Methods for Aerosol Retrieval
-- Studying Atmospheric Aerosol by Lidar -- Remote Sounding of the Stratosphere by the Occultation Method: The ORA Experiment
ISBN:9783540365365
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 607
Keywords: Earth sciences , Geophysics , Atmospheric sciences , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Earth Sciences , Geophysics/Geodesy , Earth Sciences, general , Atmospheric Sciences , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9781441989079:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coherence and Quantum Optics VIII Proceedings of the Eighth Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics, held at the University of Rochester, June 13–16, 2001
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (710 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4419-8907-9
Contents:The Early Days of Quantum Optics in France -- Early History of Bell’s Theorem -- Cavity QED with Strong Coupling — Toward the Deterministic Control of Quantum Dynamics -- Fast and Slow Light -- Controlling Quantum Rotation with Light
-- Retrodictive Quantum Optics -- Spontaneous Intrinsic Decoherence in Two and Three Slits Young Interference Experiments -- All Optical Formation of a Bose Einstein Condensate -- Faster-than-Light Propagations and Their Applications
-- Beyond Diffraction Limit in Optical Lithography via Quantum Entanglement -- “Stopping” of Light and Quantum Memories for Photons -- Quantum Aspects of Imaging -- Polarization Dynamics of a Two-Photon Laser -- Atomic Clocks and Cold
Atom Scattering -- Manipulating Entanglement with Atoms and Photons in a Box -- Taming Light with Cold Atoms: Light at Bicycle Speed … and Slower Yet! -- Dark Resonances in Solids for Quantum Computing and Slow Light -- Quantum Dot
Single Photon Source -- Coherenceand Collective Behavior in Bose-Einstein Condensates -- Sub-Diffraction-Limited Resolution with Squeezed Light -- Fiber Generated Quantum Correlations for Quantum-Optical Communications -- JC Photons in
Frequency Continua: Exact Solution and Quantum Features -- A Bose Einstein Condensate of Metastable Helium Atoms -- Quantum Interferometry with Fiber Solitons — A direct Experimental Test of Non-Separability -- Nonlinear Atom Optics:
Bosons vs Fermions -- Instability, Area Quantization, and Area Gaps in Cavity-Accelerated Superradiant Atom-Cavity Systems -- Multitime Coherent Spectroscopies of Complex Molecules: From Infrared to X-Ray -- Wave-Particle Correlations
of Non-Classical Light -- Real-Time Control of Atomic Motion Using Feedback -- Single Atomsand Single Photons in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics -- Nontrivial Analogies Between Quantum Optics and Bose-Einstein Condensation --
Hyperentanglement in Parametric Down-Conversion -- Coherencein an Optically Trapped Fermi Gas -- Generation of Photon Number States by Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics -- Superluminal Light Pulse Propagation at a Negative Group Velocity
-- Decoherence of Trapped-Atom Motional State Superpositions -- Recent Advances in Teleportation of Entanglement and in Fullerene Interference -- Nonclassical, Two-Photon Interferometry and Lithography with High-Gain Optical Parametric
Amplifiers -- Simultaneous Quantum State Measurement Using Array Detection -- Quantum Positioning System -- High-Frequency, Time-Domain, Optical Homodyne Tomography -- Coherent Control of Atoms in an Optical Lattice -- Photoionization
of Bose-Einstein Condensates -- Quantum Noise in Coupled Atomic and Molecular Bose-Einstein Condensates -- Cavity-QED with a Single Ion -- Superradiance in Photonic Crystals -- Temporal and Spatial Coherence Properties of Nonstationary
Polychromatic Light Sourcesin One-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Structures -- Effectof measurements of Collective Observables on a Single Atom -- Experimental Demonstration of Wave Chaos in a Conventional Optical Resonator -- Bell
State Preparation Using Pulsed Non-Degenerate Two-Photon Entanglement -- Efficient collection of Polarization-Entangled Photons on Type-II Parametric Down Conversion -- A Stochastic Map for Qubit Decoherence -- Fighting Decoherence
with Pointer Engineering -- Uncertainty Relations Associated with Correlations in Mixed Quantum States -- Observation of Gouy Scars in Optical Wave Chaos -- Adiabatic Wavepacket Propagation -- Squeezing Light in Linear Dispersive
Dielectrics -- Intensity-Field and Intensity-Intensity Correlations in a Strongly Coupled Cavity QED System -- Separation Approach for Jaynes-Cummings Model in Multi-Level Atom -- Ion Coulomb-Crystals: A Medium for Storage of Quantum
States of Light? -- Chaotic Walking of a Cold Atom in an Ideal Cavity -- Feedback with Conditional Measurements in Cavity QED -- Effects of Decoherence on Entangled Atomic Wave Functions in Microcavities -- Fiber Generated Quantum
Correlations for Quantum-Optical Communications -- Bloch-Siegert Oscillation for Detection and Quantum Teleportation of the Phase of an Oscillating Field -- Two-Photon Diffraction and Quantum Lithography -- Suppressing Decoherence and
Heating with Quantum “Bang-Bang” Controls -- Entanglement Disentangled by Spacetime Vortices -- Atomic Inversion for an Atom Coupledto a Squeezed Vacuum in a Coherently Driven Cavity -- Quantization of the Field in Dielectrics --
Quantum Optical Effects Across a Metallic Film -- Coupled Interferometer Scheme for Generating Maximally Entangled Photonic States -- Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation Due to a Local-Field Effect -- Nonclassical Behaviours of Optical
Field in Photoncs Band Gaps Structures -- The Photon Modeland Non-Hermitean Modes -- Induced Coherence without Induced Emission in Parametric Down-Conversion -- Correlation Functions, Measurement Operators, and Conditioned Atomic
States in Resonance Fluorescence with Spectral Resolution -- Quantum Algebras for Quantum Optics -- A Delayed-Choice Quantum Eraser Experiment -- Delayed Single-Photon Self-Interference — A Double Slit Experiment in the Time Domain --
Retrodiction with Two-Level Atoms: Atomic Previvals and Micromaser Field Measurements -- Measurements of the Geometric Phase of First-Order Optical Gaussian Beams -- Fresnel Diffraction of Circular Apertures Illuminated with
Partially-Coherent Light: Cross Spectral Density Propagation -- Radiation Forces Produced by Non-Paraxial Beam Trapping -- Measurement of the Polarization-Induced Asymmetry in Focal Spots -- Partially Coherent Imaging Through
Turbulence with an All-Optical Adaptive-Optics System -- Interrelation Between Spatial and Temporal Reciprocity Inequalities of Partially-Coherent Beams -- Ultra-Sensitive Autocorrelation of 1.5 ?um Light with a Photon-Counting Silicon
Avalanche Photodiode -- A New Phase Space Product for Light Beams of Any State of Coherence -- Spectral Changes in Focused Partially Coherent Wave Fields -- Nonachromaticity and Reversals of Topological Phase as a Function of
Wavelength -- The Law of Conservation of Radiance is a Consequence of the Partial Coherence of the Optical Field -- Application of Modal Theory of Coherence for Nonstationary Partially Coherent Optical Fields -- Photonic
Electro-Magnetic Resonance -- Partially Coherent Volume Diffraction -- Inverse Diffractive Optics: Asymptotic Technique for Light of Any State of Coherence -- Demonstration of a Coherent Thermal Source -- Image Reconstruction in Scalar
Wave Optics -- High Depth of Field Microscopy with an Interferometric Imaging System -- On the Nonlinear Orbital Motion of the Driven Two-Photon Jaynes-Cummings Model -- Jaynes-Cummings Model with Moving Phased Atoms -- Dynamics of Two
Atoms Coupled to a Cavity Field -- Pattern Formation, Localization and Coherent Structures in Nonlinear Wave Dynamics -- Stochastic Simulations and Discreteness of Light -- From the Ordinary Threshold Regime to Ideal Thresholdless
Lasing -- Criticality and Dynamics of Quantum Fluctuations in an OPO -- Quantum Deflection of Ultracold Atoms by Ideal Mirrors -- Spontaneous Emission Near Metal-Coated Dielectric Cylindrical Structures -- Time-Frequency Wigner
Function of Ultrashort Light Pulses -- Rotation Angle of the Wigner Distribution Function of the Partially Coherent Fractional Fourier Field -- Quasiclassical Calculations of Wigner Functions in Nonlinear Dynamics via Wavelets --
Quantum Correlations in a Passive Nonlinear Optical Fiber Resonator -- Time Asymmetry in Measurements Based on Photoelectric Detection -- Photon Correlations in the Homodyne Detection of Squeezed Light -- Rigorous Analysis of Homodyne
Detection -- Joint Quantum Measurement Using Unbalanced Array Detection -- A New View of Bell’s Inequalities -- An Experiment for Testing de Broglie-Bohm Theory Against Standard Quantum Mechanics -- Bell’s Inequalities for Multiphoton
States -- Testing Bell Inequalities in Photonic Crystals -- On the Detection of Single Mode Quantum Coherence at Optical Frequencies -- Soliton Interaction Control in Coherently Excited Three-Level System Embedded in a Nonlinear
Waveguide -- Nonexponential Decoherence of Coherent State Superposition in Degenerate Optical Parametric Amplifier -- Decoherence Control by Homodyne-Mediated Feedback -- QuantumControl of Population Inversion in the Presence of
Spontaneous Emission -- Decoherenceof a Trapped Ion: The Combined Effect of the Micromotion and the Stray Fields on the Fidelity of Motional States -- Coherent Control of the Excitation Routes in Four-Wave Mixing with Rdyberg Levels --
Cold Collision Control in Cavity QED -- Wave Packet Control in the Fourier Time Basis -- VacuumNoise in Presence of Atoms -- Quantum Interference Effect in Molecular Systems -- Lighting a Dark State by Shaping of Light-Induced
Potentials -- Dynamical Creation of Entanglement by Feedback -- State-Selective Phase Control of Molecular Wave Packets in Two Electronic States -- Quasimodes and Pseudomodes in Structured Reservoirs -- Pulse Generationin Vibrating
Cavities -- New Ultra-Bright Source of Entangled Photons -- Source of Photon-Number-Squeezed Light with Adjustable Level of Squeezing -- High-Visibility Two-Photon Interference in Femtosecond Pulse Pumped Type-II SPDC -- Four Photon
Entanglement from Parametric Down Conversion -- Observation of Time-Dependent Inhibited Spontaneous Emission -- Conditional Coherence via Phase-Sensitive Post-Selection -- Quantum Descriptions of Light Propagation in a Parametric
Amplifier -- Higher Order Photon Statistics of Intracavity Second Harmonic Generation -- Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in Two-Photon Interference -- Demonstration of the Complementarity on One- and Two-Photon
Interference -- The Role of Hyperentanglement in Quantum Interferometry -- Eliminating Frequency and Space-Time Entanglement in Multi-Photon States -- OPO in Transverse Degenerate Cavities: Multimode Operation and Spatial Quantum E
ISBN:9781441989079
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Electrical engineering , Materials science , Physics , Quantum Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Electrical Engineering , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9788847021013:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Developments in General Relativity, Genoa 2000
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (464 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-88-470-2101-3
Contents:In Memory of Ruggiero de Ritis -- The Lectures -- Radiative Spacetimes -- Instantons and Scattering -- The Early Universe, the Present Universe -- 2D Dynamical Triangulations and the Weil-Petersson Measure -- Nöther Conserved
Quantities and Entropy in General Relativity -- Spinors, Supergravity and the Signature of Space-Time -- VIRGO: An Interferometric Detector of Gravitational Waves -- Oscillation and Instabilities of Relativistic Stars -- Active
Galactic Nuclei and the Properties of Supermassive Black Holes -- Huygens’ Principle and MAPLE’s NPspinor Package -- Hamiltonian Structure of 2+1 Dimensional Gravity -- Covariant Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Symmetries -- Anti-de
Sitter Quantum Field Theory and the AdS-CFT Correspondence -- Geodetic Contributions to Gravitational Experiments in Space -- The r-modes Oscillations and Instability: Surprises from Magnetized Neutron Stars -- Strong Field Gravity and
Quasi-Periodic Oscillations from Low-Mass X-ray Binaries -- What Have We learned about Gamma Ray Bursts from Afterglows? -- Gravitational Waves and the Death-Spiral of Compact Binaries -- Gravity in Anti-de-Sitter Space and Quantum
Field Theory -- Black Hole Formation in Supernovae: Prospects of Unveiling Fallback Emission -- Advanced Readout Configurations for the Gravitational Wave Detector AURIGA -- Classical Relativity -- Connections in Distributional Bundles
and Field Theories -- The Spectrum of Endstates of Spherical Gravitational Collapse -- Quantum Zeno Effect and the Detection of Gravitomagnetism -- Sagnac, Gclock Effect and Gravitomagnetism -- Radiation from an Electric Charge --
Trajectories for Relativistic Particles in an Electromagnetic Field -- Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology -- A Determination of any Physical Characteristics of Magnetic Monopole in Basis of Metrics of Curved Space-Time --
Gravitational Waves from Colored Spinning Cosmic Strings -- “Multiple Bending of Light Ray” Can Create Many Images for One Galaxy: In Our Dynamic Universe — A Computer Simulation -- Experimental Gravitation and Space Physics -- Recent
Improvements on the EXPLORER Gravitational Wave Antenna -- NAUTILUS Recent Results -- The Low Frequency Facility R&D Experiment of the Virgo Project -- The Newton’s Gravitational Law -- Measurement of Gravitational Interaction on mm
Scale -- Quantum Relativity and Strings -- Constraint Supersymmetry Breaking and Non-Perturbative Effects in String Theory -- T-Dualization and Symmetry Breaking -- A Theory of Quantum Gravity from First Principles -- Spin Models,
TQFTs and Their Hierarchical Structure -- Quantum Closed Timelike Curves in General Relativity
ISBN:9788847021013
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783662047507:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics From Basic Principles to Numerical Methods and Applications
Author(s): Louis Marchildon
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (560 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04750-7
Contents:1 A Crisis in Classical Physics -- 2 Finite-Dimensional Vector Spaces -- 3 Finite-Dimensional State Spaces -- 4 Spin and Magnetic Moment -- 5 Particle in One Dimension -- 6 The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics -- 7 Particle in
Three Dimensions -- 8 Numerical Solution -- 9 The Central-Field Model -- 10 Stationary Perturbations -- 11 Stationary Scattering States -- 12 The Density Operator -- 13 Symmetry of the Hamiltonian -- 14 Rotations and Angular Momentum
-- 15 Dirac’s Relativistic Equation -- 16 The Path Integral -- 17 Atomic Orbitals -- 18 Atomic Terms and Multiplets -- 19 Semiclassical Radiation Theory -- 20 Molecules -- 21 Long-Distance Correlations and Measurement -- Answers to
Selected Exercises -- References
ISBN:9783662047507
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry, Physical and theoretical , Quantum physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783540458500:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanoscale Spectroscopy and Its Applications to Semiconductor Research
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (308 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45850-6
Contents:Spectro-microscopy by TEM-SEM -- Determination of Nanosize Particle Distribution by Low Frequency Raman Scattering: Comparison to Electron Microscopy -- Development of Cathodoluminescence (CL) for Semiconductor Research, Part I:
TEM-CL Study of Microstructures and Defects in Semiconductor Epilayers -- Development of CL for Semiconductor Research, Part II: Cathodoluminescence Study of Semiconductor Nanoparticles and Nanostructures Using Low-Electron-Beam
Energies -- Development of CL for Semiconductor Research, Part III: Study of Degradation Mechanisms in Compound Semiconductor-Based Devices by SEM-CL -- Microcharacterization of Conformal GaAs on Si Layers by Spatially Resolved Optical
Techniques -- Strain Analysis in Submicron Electron Devices by Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction -- Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Microscopy Based on Zone Plate Optics -- Long-Term Oxidation Behaviour of Lead Sulfide Surfaces --
Cross-Sectional Photoemission Spectromicroscopy of Semiconductor Heterostructures -- Surface Imaging Using Electrons Excited by Metastable-Atom Impacts -- Application of Photoemission Electron Microscopy to Magnetic Domain Imaging --
Photoelectron Spectroscopy with a Photoemission Electron Microscope -- X-ray Photoemission and Low-Energy Electron Microscope -- Application of Imaging-Type Photoelectron Spectromicroscopy to Solid-State Physics -- Scanning Near-Field
Optical Spectroscopy of Quantum-Confined Semiconductor Nanostructures -- Novel Tuning Fork Sensor for Low-Temperature Near-Field Spectroscopy -- Manipulating, Reacting, and Constructing Single Molecules with a Scanning Tunneling
Microscope Tip -- Electron-Beam-Induced Decomposition of SiO2 Overlay on Si in STM Nanolithography -- Direct Imaging of InGaAs Quantum Dot States by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy -- Growth and Characterization of Ge Nanostructures on
Si(111) -- Imaging of Zero-Dimensional States in Semiconductor Nanostructures Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy -- Electronic-Excitation-Induced Enhancement in Metallicity on HOPG and Si Surfaces: In Situ STM/STS Studies --
Electronic Properties of Polycrystalline and Amorphous WO3 Investigated with Scanning Tunnelling Spectroscopy -- Probing of Electronic Transitions with Atomic-Scale Spatial Resolution in Semiconductor Quantum Well Structures --
Scanning Tunneling Microscope-Induced Light Emission from Nanoscale Structures
ISBN:9783540458500
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 588
Keywords: Materials science , Solid state physics , Physical measurements , Measurement , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Nanotechnology , Materials Science , Nanotechnology , Optical and Electronic Materials , Solid State Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9781441986962:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Diagnostics for Magnetic and Inertial Fusion
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (433 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4419-8696-2
Contents:Fusion Experiments and Related Diagnostic Needs -- Neutron and Particle Diagnostics -- Optical and X-Ray Diagnostics -- Radiation Effects and other Emerging Problems -- Interferometry, Polarimetry, Thomson Scattering -- Other
Diagnostic Systems
ISBN:9781441986962
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9780306471148:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Communication, Computing, and Measurement 3
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (476 p.)
Note:10.1007/b114701
Contents:Quantum Information and Quantum Communication -- Additivity/Multiplicativity Communication Channels -- Universal Copying of Coherent States: A Gaussian Cloning Machine -- at]Quantum Random Coding Exponent of a Symmetric State Alphabet
-- Information and Distance in Hilbert Space -- Superadditivity With Mixed Letter States -- Quantum State Recognition -- Superadditivity in Capacity of Quantum Channel by Classical Pseudo-Cyclic Codes -- Property of Mutual Information
for M-ary Quantum-State Signals -- Performances of Binary Block Codes Used on Binary Classical-Quantum Channels -- Quantum Measurement, Decoherence, and Tomography -- Entropy and Information Gain in Quantum Continual Measurements --
Experimental Quantum State Discrimination -- Spontaneous Intrinsic Decoherence in Rabi Oscillations Experiments -- Quantum Tomography, Teleportation, and Cloning -- Decoherence Versus the Idealization of Microsystems as Correlation
Carriers Between Macrosystems -- Quantum Measurement, Information, and Completely Positive Maps -- ON the Number of Elements Needed in a POVM Attaining the Accessible Information -- Einselection and Decoherence from an Information
Theory Perspective -- Reconstructing the Discrete Wigner Function through Complementary Measurements -- Statistical Noise in Measuring Correlated Photon Beams -- Reconstruction Technique for a Trapped Electron -- Quantum Mechanics
without Statistical Postulates -- Quantum Retrodiction -- Quantum-Tomography Method in Information Processing -- Quantum Measurement Problem and State Dual Representations -- Homodyne Characterizations of Active Optical Media --
Quantum Cloning Optimal for Joint Measurements -- How Many Projections are Needed in Quantum Tomography of Spin States? -- Quantum Computing -- The Representation of Numbers by States in Quantum Mechanics -- Towards Quantum Computation
with Trapped Calcium Ions -- Physical Limits to Computation -- Realising Quantum Computing: Physical Systems and Robustness -- Information Analysis of Quantum Gates for Simulation of Quantum Algorithms on Classical Computers -- Quantum
Probabilistic Subroutines and Problems in Number Theory -- Theory of the Quantum Speed Up -- Quantum Gates Using Motional States in an Optical Lattice -- Quantum Error-Correcting Code for Burst Error -- Non-Dissipative Decoherence in
Ion-Trap Quantum Computers -- Optical Qubit Using Linear Elements -- Atom Chips -- Decoherence and Fidelity of Single Qubit Operations in a Solid State Quantum Computer -- Cryptography -- Long Distance Entangled State Quantum Key
Distribution -- Bunching and Antibunching from Single NV Color Centers in Diamond -- Violation of Locality and Self-Checking Source: A Brief Account -- The Unconditional Security of Quantum Key Distribution -- Anonymous-Key Quantum
Cryptography and Unconditionally Secure Quantum Bit Commitment -- Quantum Key Distribution Using Multilevel Encoding -- Authority-Based User Authentication And Quantum Key Distribution -- Improvement of Key Rate for Yuen-Kim
Cryptoscheme -- Stable Solid-State Source of Single Photons -- Entanglement and Teleportation -- Non-Locality and Quantum Theory: New Experimental Evidence -- On Entangled Quantum Capacity -- Control of Squeezed Light Pulse Spectrum in
the Kerr Medium with an Intertial Nonlinearity -- Macroscopic Quantum Superposition by Amplification of Entangled States -- Quantum Teleportation with Atomic Ensembles and Coherent Light -- Entangled State Based on Nonorthogonal State
-- Long-Distance High-Fidelity Teleportation Using Singlet States -- Quantum Teleportation with Complete Bell State Measurement -- Complete Quantum Teleportation with a Crossed-Kerr Nonlinearity -- Quantum Lithography -- Experimental
Test of Local Realism Using Non-Maximally Entangled States -- New Schemes for Manipulating Quantum States with a Kerr Cell -- Local and Nonlocal Properties of Werner States -- Maximally Entangled Mixed States in two Qubits --
Engineering Bell-Like States of Two High-Q Cavity Fields -- Nondissipative Decoherence and Entanglement in the Dynamics of a Trapped Ion -- Entanglement Manipulation and Concentration in Mixed States -- Ramsey Interferometry with a
Single Photon Field in Cavity QED -- Entanglement Transformation At Dielectric Four-Port Devices -- Quantum Noise in Polarization Measurement and Polarization Entanglement -- Bright EPR-Entangled Beams for Quantum Communication --
Polarization in Quantum Optics: A new Formalism and Two Experiments -- Spin Squeezing and Decoherence Limit in Ramsey Spectroscopy -- Teleportation of Entanglement for Continuous Variables -- Generation and Detection of Fock States of
the Radiation Field
ISBN:9780306471148
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Management information systems , Computer science , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Quantum physics , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Electrical engineering , Physics , Quantum Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Applications of Mathematics , Management of Computing and Information Systems , Electrical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9780306471087:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Acoustical Imaging
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (409 p.)
Note:10.1007/b117447
Contents:Advanced Systems and Techniques -- Noncoherent Synthetic Aperture Imaging -- Imaging with a 2D Transducer Hybrid Array -- Inferring 3-dimensional animal motions from a set of 1-dimensional multibeam returns -- Development of an
Ultrasonic Focusing System Based on the Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique -- High-Resolution Process in Ultrasonic Reflection Tomography -- Spatial Coherence and Beamformer Gain -- A New Approach for Calculating Wideband Fields --
High-Resolution Acoustic Arrays Using Optimum Symmetrical-Number-System Processing -- Frequency Weighting of Distributed Filtered Backward Propagation in Acoustic Tomography -- Exact Solution of Two-Dimensional Monochromatic Inverse
Scattering Problem and Secondary Sources Space Spectrum -- Hausdorff Moments Method of Acoustical Imaging -- A Generalized Inversion of Helmholtz Equation and Its Application to Acoustical Imaging -- Real Time Processing of the
Radiofrequency Echo Signal for On-Line Spectral Maps -- Reconstruction of Inner Field By Marchenko-Newton-Rose Method and Solution of Multi-Dimensional Inverse Scattering Problem -- RF Ultrasound Echo Decomposition Using
Singular-Spectrum Analysis -- High-Performance Computing in Real-Time Ultrasonic Imaging -- Causality Revisited -- Resolution Analysis of Acoustic Tomographic Imaging with Finite-Size Apertures Based on Spatial-Frequency Coverage --
Radiation Force Doppler Effects on Contrast Agents -- B-Mode Speckle Texture: The Effect of Spatial Coherence -- Extending the Bandwidth of the Pyramidal Detector -- Microscopy and Nondestructive Evaluation -- The Use of a
Reference-Beam Detector Applied to the Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscope -- Acoustic Microscopy Evaluation of Endothelial Cells Modulated by Fluid Shear Stress -- Ultrasound Imaging of Human Teeth Using a Desktop Scanning Acoustic
Microscope -- The Acoustic Parameters Measurement by the Doppler Scanning Acoustic Microscope -- Quantitative Contact Spectroscopy by Atomic-Force Acoustic Microscopy -- Double Focus Technique for Simultaneous Measurement of Sound
Velocity and Thickness of Thin Samples Using Time-Resolved Acoustic Microscopy -- A New Method for 3-D Velocity Vector Measurement Using 2-D Phased Array Probe -- Acoustic Velocity Profiling of a Scattering Medium: Simulated Results --
Ultrasonic Velocity Measurement in Viscoelastic Material Using the Wavelet Transform -- An Ultrasonic Circular Aperture Technique to Measure Elastic Constants of Fiber Reinforced Composite -- Application of Heat Source Model and
Green’s Function Approach to NDE of Surface Defects -- Determination of Bonding Properties in Layered Metal Silicon Systems Using Sezawa Wave Modes -- Integral Approximation Method for Calculating Ultrasonic Beam Propagation in
Anisotropic Materials -- Elastic Stress Influence on the Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves Through Two-Layered Periodic Dielectric Structures -- Biomedical Applications -- A New System for Quantitative Ultrasonic Breast Imaging of
Acoustic and Elastic Parameters -- Determination and Evaluation of the Surface Region of Breast Tumors Using Ultrasonic Echohraphy -- Determination of Ultrasound Backscatter Level of Vascular Structures, with Application to Arterial
Plaque Classification -- Investigation of the Micro Bubble Size Distribution in the Extracorporeal Blood Circulation -- A Method for Detecting Echoes from Microbubble Contrast Agents Based on Time Variance -- Analysis of Intravascular
Ultrasound (IVUS) Echo Signals for Characterization of Vessel Wall Properties -- In Vivo Study of the Influence of Gravity on Cortical and Cancellous Bone Velocity -- Ultrasound Contrast Imaging of Prostate Tumors -- High Resolution
Estimation of Axial and Transversal Bloodflow with a 50 MHZ Pulsed Wave Doppler System for Dermatology -- Diffraction Tomography Breast Imaging System: Patient Image Reconstruction and Analysis -- Calibration of the Urturip Technique
-- Studies of Bone Biophysics Using Ultrasound Velocity -- Imaging of the Tissue Elasticity Based on Ultrasonic Displacement and Strain Measurements -- System Independent in Vivo Estimation of Acoustical Attenuation and Relative Back
Scattering Coefficient of Human Tissue -- Ultrasound Images of Small Tissue Structures Free of Speckle -- Optimization of Non-Uniform Arrays for Farfield Broadside Beamforming -- Hyperthermia Therapy Using Acoustic Phase -- Ultrasonic
Broadband Fiber Optic Source for Non Destructive Evaluation and Clinical Diagnosis -- A Study of Signal-To-Noise Ratio of the Fourier Method for Construction of High Frame Rate Images
ISBN:9780306471087
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Acoustical Imaging: 24
Keywords: Physics , Radiology , Acoustics , Biomedical engineering , Materials science , Physics , Acoustics , Signal, Image and Speech Processing , Ultrasound , Biomedical Engineering , Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401006866:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science with Minisat 01
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (347 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0686-6
Contents:Opening Keynote -- Spanish Minisat Program. Objectives and Operational Results -- Minisat 01 as a Scientific Mission and its Future -- Development of Minisat 01 Scientific Payload -- Performances of Minisat-01 Platform Subsystems --
SIXE: An X-Ray Experiment for the Minisat Platform -- XRASE: The X-Ray Spectroscopic Explorer -- X-Ray Binary Systems: A Cauldron of Physical Processes -- Three Reflection Telescopes for Wide Field Space Astronomy. First Results from a
30 cm Prototype and Prospects -- The Science Operations Centre of Minisat-01 -- The Experiment CPLM (Comportamiento de Puentes Líquidos en Microgravedad) on Board Minisat 01 -- Stochastic Modeling of the Residual Acceleration Field in
a Microgravity Environment -- Numerical Studies of Fluid Flow in Microgravity Conditions for Confined Crystal Growth -- EURD: The Mission and the Stellar Absolute Fluxes of B-Type Stars -- Updated Parameters for the Decaying Neutrino
Theory and EURD Observations of the Diffuse UV Background -- EURD Data Provide Strong Evidence against the Sciama Model of Radiative Decay of Massive Neutrinos -- Modeling the Local Interstellar Medium -- EURD Observations of
Interstellar Radiation -- The Local Interstellar Medium in the Direction of the Galactic Anticentre -- Far-Ultraviolet Stellar Emission Measurements from UVSTAR -- Spectrum of the Extreme Ultraviolet Nightglow as Measured by EURD --
Atmospheric Background Measurement in the 300–400 nm Band with a Balloon Borne Experiment during a Nocturnal Flight -- Pulsar Observations and Structure of the Local ISM -- EURD Data Processing -- LEGRI Operations, Detectors and
Detector Stability -- LEGRI Background. Short Term Variability -- Simulating the Background Noise in the LEGRI CZT Detectors -- Comparison between Theoretical Predictions and LEGRI Background Noise Experimental Measurements -- The CZT
X-Ray Imager on AXO -- The EM Algorithm for Imaging with Gaps in the Detector Plane -- LEGRI Instrument Health. A Historical Review -- LEGRI Science Operation Center. Architecture and Operations -- High Energy Astrophysics with
INTEGRAL -- Imaging with the IBIS Mask -- Gamma Ray Astronomy beyond 2001: What Instruments for the Next Challenges? -- Closing Remarks
ISBN:9789401006866
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Statistics , Automotive engineering , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Automotive Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783662045893:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics Symbolism of Atomic Measurements
Author(s): Julian Schwinger
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (484 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-04589-3
Contents:Prologue -- A. Fall Quarter: Quantum Kinematics -- 1 Measurement Algebra -- 2 Continuous q, p Degree of Freedom -- 3 Angular Momentum -- 4 Galilean Invariance -- B. Winter Quarter: Quantum Dynamics -- 5 Quantum Action Principle -- 6
Elementary Applications -- 7 Harmonic Oscillators -- 8 Hydrogenic Atoms -- C. Spring Quarter: Interacting Particles -- 9 Two-Particle Coulomb Problem -- 10 Identical Particles -- 11 Many-Electron Atoms -- 12 Electromagnetic Radiation
ISBN:9783662045893
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Physics , Quantum Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783642568268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics An Introduction
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Date:2001
Edition:Fourth Edition
Size:1 online resource (486 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-56826-8
Contents:1 The Quantization of Physical Quantities -- 1.1 Light Quanta -- 1.2 The Photoelectric Effect -- 1.3 The Compton Effect -- 1.4 The Ritz Combination Principle -- 1.5 The Franck-Hertz Experiment -- 1.6 The Stern-Gerlach Experiment --
1.7 Biographical Notes -- 2 The Radiation Laws -- 2.1 A Preview of the Radiation of Bodies -- 2.2 What is Cavity Radiation? -- 2.3 The Rayleigh-Jeans Radiation Law: The Electromagnetic Eigenmodes of a Cavity -- 2.4 Planck’s Radiation
Law -- 2.5 Biographical Notes -- 3 Wave Aspects of Matter -- 3.1 De Broglie Waves -- 3.2 The Diffraction of Matter Waves -- 3.3 The Statistical Interpretation of Matter Waves -- 3.4 Mean (Expectation) Values in Quantum Mechanics -- 3.5
Three Quantum Mechanical Operators -- 3.6 The Superposition Principle in Quantum Mechanics -- 3.7 The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle -- 3.8 Biographical Notes -- 4 Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics I -- 4.1 Properties of
Operators -- 4.2 Combining Two Operators -- 4.3 Bra and Ket Notation -- 4.4 Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions -- 4.5 Measurability of Different Observables at Equal Times -- 4.6 Position and Momentum Operators -- 4.7 Heisenberg’s
Uncertainty Relations for Arbitrary Observables -- 4.8 Angular-Momentum Operators -- 4.9 Kinetic Energy -- 4.10 Total Energy -- 4.11 Biographical Notes -- 5 Mathematical Supplement -- 5.1 Eigendifferentials and the Normalization of
Eigenfunctions for Continuous Spectra -- 5.2 Expansion into Eigenfunctions -- 6 The Schrödinger Equation -- 6.1 The Conservation of Particle Number in Quantum Mechanics -- 6.2 Stationary States -- 6.3 Properties of Stationary States --
6.4 Biographical Notes -- 7 The Harmonic Oscillator -- 7.1 The Solution of the Oscillator Equation -- 7.2 The Description of the Harmonic Oscillator by Creation and Annihilation Operators -- 7.3 Properties of the Operators â and â+ --
7.4 Representation of the Oscillator Hamiltonian in Terms of â and â+ -- 7.5 Interpretation of â and â+ -- 7.6 Biographical Notes -- 8 The Transition from Classical to Quantum Mechanics -- 8.1 Motion of the Mean Values -- 8.2
Ehrenfest’s Theorem -- 8.3 Constants of Motion, Laws of Conservation -- 8.4 Quantization in Curvilinear Coordinates -- 8.5 Biographical Notes -- 9 Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields -- Coupling to the Electromagnetic Field -- 9.1 The
Hydrogen Atom -- 9.2 Three-Dimensional Electron Densities -- 9.3 The Spectrum of Hydrogen Atoms -- 9.4 Currents in the Hydrogen Atom -- 9.5 The Magnetic Moment -- 9.6 Hydrogen-like Atoms -- 9.7 Biographical Notes -- 10 The Mathematical
Foundations of Quantum Mechanics II -- 10.1 Representation Theory -- 10.2 Representation of Operators -- 10.3 The Eigenvalue Problem -- 10.4 Unitary Transformations -- 10.5 The S Matrix -- 10.6 The Schrödinger Equation in Matrix Form
-- 10.7 The Schrödinger Representation -- 10.8 The Heisenberg Representation -- 10.9 The Interaction Representation -- 10.10 Biographical Notes -- 11 Perturbation Theory -- 11.1 Stationary Perturbation Theory -- 11.2 Degeneracy -- 11.3
The Ritz Variational Method -- 11.4 Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory -- 11.5 Time-Independent Perturbation -- 11.6 Transitions Between Continuum States -- 11.7 Biographical Notes -- 12 Spin -- 12.1 Doublet Splitting -- 12.2 The
Einstein-de Haas Experiment -- 12.3 The Mathematical Description of Spin -- 12.4 Wave Functions with Spin -- 12.5 The Pauli Equation -- 12.6 Biographical Notes -- 13 A Nonrelativistic Wave Equation with Spin -- 13.1 The Linearization
of the Schrödinger Equation -- 13.2 Particles in an External Field and the Magnetic Moment -- 14 Elementary Aspects of the Quantum-Mechanical Many-Body Problem -- 14.1 The Conservation of the Total Momentum of a Particle System -- 14.2
Centre-of-Mass Motion of a System of Particles in Quantum Mechanics -- 14.3 Conservation of Total Angular Momentum in a Quantum-Mechanical Many-Particle System -- 14.4 Small Oscillations in a Many-Particle System -- 14.5 Biographical
Notes -- 15 Identical Particles -- 15.1 The Pauli Principle -- 15.2 Exchange Degeneracy -- 15.3 The Slater Determinant -- 15.4 Biographical Notes -- 16 The Formal Framework of Quantum Mechanics -- 16.1 The Mathematical Foundation of
Quantum Mechanics: Hilbert Space -- 16.2 Operators in Hilbert Space -- 16.3 Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors -- 16.4 Operators with Continuous or Discrete-Continuous (Mixed) Spectra -- 16.5 Operator Functions -- 16.6 Unitary
Transformations -- 16.7 The Direct-Product Space -- 16.8 The Axioms of Quantum Mechanics -- 16.9 Free Particles -- 16.10 A Summary of Perturbation Theory -- 17 Conceptual and Philosophical Problems of Quantum Mechanics. -- 17.1
Determinism -- 17.2 Locality -- 17.3 Hidden-Variable Theories -- 17.4 Bell’s Theorem -- 17.5 Measurement Theory -- 17.6 Schrödinger’s Cat -- 17.7 Subjective Theories -- 17.8 Classical Measurements -- 17.9 The Copenhagen Interpretation
-- 17.10 Indelible Recording -- 17.11 The Splitting Universe -- 17.12 The Problem of Reality
ISBN:9783642568268
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9783540454090:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Challenges in Quantum Optics Selected Papers of the First International Meeting in Quantum Optics Held in Santiago, Chile, 13–16 August 2000
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (408 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-45409-8
Contents:Trapped Ions and Cavity QED -- Generation of Fock States in the One-Atom Maser -- Coherent Manipulation of Two Trapped Ions with Bichromatic Light -- Quantum Nondemolition Measurement and Quantum State Manipulation in Two Dimensional
Trapped Ion -- Phonon-Photon Translation with a Trapped Ion in a Cavity -- Quantum Interference, Entanglement, Decoherence and Quantum Computing -- Decoherence, Pointer Engineering and Quantum State Protection -- High Efficiency in
Detection of Photonic Qubits -- Macroscopic Entanglement and Relative Phase -- Decoherence Effects of Motion Induced Radiation -- Control of Cold Atomic Collisions by Multiparticle Entanglement and a Modified Vacuum in Cavity QED --
Decoherence Evolution of a Harmonic Oscillator -- Non-linear Optics, Matter Waves -- Atomic Squeezing and Entanglement from Bose-Einstein Condensates -- Atomic Coherence Effects in Doppler-Broadened Three-Level Systems with
Standing-Wave Drive -- Frequency Up-Conversion to the Vacuum Ultra-Violet in Coherently Prepared Media -- Optical Lattice Dynamics and Scattering Processes Resulting from Dipole-Dipole Interaction -- Quantum Optics and Applications --
Time Delay and Tunneling -- Giant Intensity-Intensity Correlations and Quantum Interference in a Driven Three-Level Atom -- A Cavity QED Test of Quantum Mechanics -- The Method of Quantum Jumps and Quantum White Noise -- Quantum Orbits
in Intense-Laser Atom Physics -- Micromaser Dynamics Beyond the Rotating-Wave Approximation -- What Is a Quantized Mode of a Leaky Cavity? -- The Quantum Jumps Approach for Infinitely Many States -- Short Contributions -- Coherent
Population Trapping and Resonance Fluorescence in a Closed Four Level System -- Dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensation for Negative Scattering Length -- Quantum Gates with a Selective Interaction -- Measuring Entanglement Through the
Wigner Function -- Reflection of a Slow Atom by a Cavity
ISBN:9783540454090
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 575
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Quantum optics , Physics , Optics and Electrodynamics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Optics
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