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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD RELATIVISTIC QUANTUM THEORY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/5707.623 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword relativistic quantum theory ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319517001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity and the Quantum Pedagogical Essays on Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Quantum Gravity
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 494 p. 54 illus p.)
Contents:J. Alcaniz et al. Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with angular two-point correlation function -- C. M. Boily Resonant disruption of binary stars by a catalytic black hole -- Rong-Gen Cai and Li-Ming Cao Mechanics of Apparent
Horizon in Two Dimensional Dilaton Gravity -- Sumanta Chakraborty Boundary Terms of the Einstein-Hilbert Action -- Timothy Clifton and John Barrow Decay of the Cosmic Vacuum Energy -- Naresh Dadhich Understanding General Relativity
after 100 years: A matter of perspective -- Tevian Dray Piecewise Conserved Quantities -- Pankaj Joshi Self-Similarity and Criticality in Gravitational Collapse -- Claus Kiefer Notes on semiclassical Weyl gravity -- Dawood Kothawala
Accelerated Observers, Thermal Entropy, and Spacetime Curvature -- Donald Lynden-Bell A local stress tensor for gravity Fields -- Michele Maggiore Nonlocal Infrared Modifications of Gravity: A Review -- Ayan Mukhopadhyay Emergence of
gravity and RG flow -- S. Modak Modelling non-paradoxical loss of information in black hole evaporation -- J.V. Narlikar Relativistic Paths : A Feynman Problem -- Martin Rees Thoughts on 50 years in astrophysics and cosmology and on
what comes next -- Sudipta Sarkar Area Theorem: General Relativity and Beyond -- Shankarnarayanan What Are the Atoms of Space Time? -- Suprit Singh From Quantum to Classical in the Sky -- T.P. Singh Classical and quantum: a conflict of
interest -- Lee Smolin Four principles for quantum gravity -- L. Sriramkurar What do detectors detect? -- Urjit A Yajnik Stability longevity and all that : false vacua and topological defects
ISBN:9783319517001
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:9783319496825:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Gravitational Interactions
Author(s): Maurizio Gasperini
Date:2017
Edition:2nd ed. 2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 373 p. 14 illus p.)
Contents:Elementary Notions of Relativistic Field Theory -- Towards a Relativistic Theory of Gravity -- Tensor Calculus in a Riemann Manifold -- Maxwell Equations and Riemann Geometry -- Test Bodies and Signals in a Riemann Space–Time --
Geodesic Deviation and Curvature Tensor -- The Einstein Equations for the Gravitational Field -- The Weak-Field Approximation -- Gravitational Waves -- The Schwarzschild Solution -- The Kasner Solution -- Vierbeins and Lorentz
Connection -- The Dirac Equation in a Gravitational Field -- Supersymmetry and Supergravity -- Appendix A The Language of Differential Forms -- Appendix B Higher-Dimensional Gravity -- References -- Index
ISBN:9783319496825
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Cosmology , Mathematical Physics
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Call number:9783319446035:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From QCD Flux Tubes to Gravitational S-matrix and Back
Author(s): Victor Gorbenko
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 133 p. 32 illus., 24 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Effective Field Theory for Relativistic Strings -- Worldsheet S-matrix -- Simplest Quantum Gravity -- Natural Tuning.-Flux Tube Spectrum from Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz
ISBN:9783319446035
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology
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Call number:9783319441658:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (IX, 389 p. 134 illus., 95 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Part I Nuclear Structure and Superheavy Elements: Intertwining of Greiner's Theoretical Works and our Experimental Studies (J.H. Hamilton et al.) -- Eighty years of research on super-heavy nuclei (S. Hofmann) -- Perspectives of heavy
and superheavy nuclei research (A.V. Karpov et al.) -- Superheavy Element Chemistry - New experimental results challenge theoretical understanding (R. Eichler) -- 25 Years of FRS Experiments and New Horizons (H. Geissel et al.) -- SHE
Research with Rare-Isotope Beams, Challenges and Perspectives, and the new Generation of SHE Factories (G. Münzenberg et al.) -- Multi-modal Collinear Ternary Fission (W. von Oertzen et al.) -- From the stable to the exotic: clustering
in light nuclei (C. Beck) -- Towards Laser Spectroscopy of Superheavy Elements (H. Backe) -- Part II Physics of Heavy-Ion Collisions: Chemical freeze-out conditions in hadron resonance gas (V. Vovchenko et al.) -- The QCD Phase Diagram
and Hadron Formation in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions (F. Becattini et al.) -- Degrees of Freedom of the Quark Gluon Plasma, tested by Heavy Mesons (H. Berrehrah et al.) -- Electromagnetic emissivity of hot and dense matter (E.L.
Bratkovskaya at al.) -- Heavy-Ion Collisions: Status of Chemical Equilibrium (J. Cleymans) -- Novel developments of HYDJET++ model for ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions (L. Bravina et al.) -- Jet tomography in heavy-ion
collisions-Challenges, Results, and Open Problems (B. Betz) -- Part III QED - Strong Fields and High Precision: Probing QED Vacuum with Heavy Ions (J. Rafelski et al.) -- Laser assisted Breit-Wheeler and Schwinger processes (T. Nousch
et al.) -- A method to measure vacuum birefringence at FCC-ee (U.I. Uggerhoj et al.) -- Unifying Quantum Electro-Dynamics and Many-Body Perturbation Theory (I. Lindgren et al.) -- Part IV Astrophysics: Simulations of accretion disks
around massive stars (M. Algalán et al.).-Neutron Stars-Possibilities and Limits for Exotic Phases (S. Schramm et al.) -- The Case for an Underground Neutrino Facility in South Africa (Z.Z. Vilakazia et al.) -- Part IV Special topics:
Covariant Hamiltonian representation of Noether's theorem and its application to SU(N) gauge theories (J. Struckmeier et al.) -- Infrastructure Estimates for a Highly Renewable Global Electricity Grid (M. Dahl et al.) -- Power flow
tracing in complex networks (M. Schäfer et al.) -- Patent protection of high-level research results (T. J. Bürvenich)
ISBN:9783319441658
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Atoms , Matter , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Applications of Graph Theory and Complex Networks , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:9780849387753:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gauge theories in particle physics [electronic resource] : a practical introduction. Vol. 1, From relativistic quantum mechanics to QED
Author(s): Ian Johnston Rhind Aitchison
Anthony J.G. Hey
Date:2003
Edition:3rd ed.
Publisher:Bristol : Institute of Physics Pub
Size:1 online resource (406 p.)
Note:Previous ed.: 1989
Contents:pt. 1. Introductory survey, electromagnetism as a gauge theory, and relativistic quantum mechanics -- pt. 2. Introduction to quantum field theory -- pt. 3. Tree-level applications in QED -- pt. 4. Loops and renormalization
ISBN:0750308648
Series:CRCnetBASE eBook platform
Series:Graduate student series in physics
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Gauge fields (Physics) , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Weak interactions (Nuclear physics) , Quantum electrodynamics. , Feynman diagrams.
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Call number:0471353868:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Quantum Mechanics and Field Theory
Author(s): Gross
Date:1999
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (644 p.)
ISBN:9780471353867
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662528594:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astrophysics of Black Holes From Fundamental Aspects to Latest Developments
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (207 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-52859-4
Contents:Preface -- Black Hole Accretion Discs -- Black hole X-ray binaries -- Measuring spin: implications for our understanding of black hole accretion physics -- Jet and wind from black hole accretion flows -- Gravitational Waves: a new
tool for observing the Universe -- A brief review of relativistic gravitational collapse -- General relativity in a nutshell
ISBN:9783662528594
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 440
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319327365:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Energy Atomic Physics
Author(s): Evgeny G Drukarev
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-32736-5
Contents:Introduction. What is this book about -- Box of tools -- Perturbation theory -- Singularities of the amplitudes and of the wave functions -- The Coulomb field. Nonrelativistic case. - The Coulomb field. Relativistic case --
Photoionization of atoms -- Ionization and excitation by the photon impact at higher energies -- Ionization and excitation by the photon impact at higher energies -- Double photoionization and related processes -- Photoionization of
endohedral atoms -- Annihilation of positrons with atomic electrons -- Nuclear transitions and electronic shell
ISBN:9783319327365
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 93
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Atoms , Matter , Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Quantum Physics , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Numerical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319276373:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Many Faces of Maxwell, Dirac and Einstein Equations A Clifford Bundle Approach
Author(s): Jr Rodrigues Waldyr A
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (587 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27637-3
Contents:Preface -- Introduction -- Multivector and Extensor Calculus -- The Hidden Geometrical Nature of Spinors -- Some Differential Geometry -- Clifford Bundle Approach to the Differential Geometry of Branes -- Some Issues in Relativistic
Spacetime Theories -- Clifford and Dirac-Hestenes Spinor Fields -- A Clifford Algebra Lagrangian Formalism in Minkowski Spacetime -- Conservation Laws on Riemann-Cartan and Lorentzian Spacetimes -- The DHE on a RCST and the Meaning of
Active Local Lorentz Invariance -- On the Nature of the Gravitational Field -- On the Many Faces of Einstein Equations -- Maxwell, Dirac and Seiberg-Witten Equations -- Superparticles and Superfields -- Maxwell, Einstein, Dirac and
Navier-Stokes Equations -- Magnetic Like Particles and Elko Spinor Fields.-Appendices A1-5 -- Acronyms and Abbreviations -- List of Symbols -- Index
ISBN:9783319276373
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 922
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Differential geometry , Gravitation , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Differential Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319263847:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Nonlinear Electrodynamics The QED Vacuum and Matter in Super-Strong Radiation Fields
Author(s): Hamlet K Avetissian
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (506 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-26384-7
Contents:1 Interaction of a Charged Particle with Strong Plane Electromagnetic Wave in Vacuum -- 2 Interaction of Charged Particles with Strong Electromagnetic Wave in Dielectric Media. Induced Nonlinear Cherenkov Process -- 3 Quantum Theory
of Induced Multiphoton Cherenkov Process -- 4 Cyclotron Resonance at the Particle - Strong Wave Interaction -- 5 Nonlinear Dynamics of Induced Compton and Undulator Processes -- 6 Induced Nonstationary Transition Process -- 7 Induced
Channeling Process in a Crystal -- 8 Nonlinear Mechanisms of Free Electron Laser -- 9 Electron-Positron Pair Production in Superstrong Laser Fields -- 10 Relativistic Quantum Theory of Scattering on Arbitrary Electrostatic Potential
and Stimulated Bremsstrahlung -- 11 Interaction of Strong Laser Radiation with Highly Charged Atoms-Ions -- 12 Interaction of Superstrong Laser Radiation with Plasma -- 13 High Harmonic Generation and Coherent X-Ray - y- Ray Radiation
in Relativistic Atomic-Ionic Systems -- 14 “Relativistic Nonlinear Electromagnetic Processes in Graphene -- Index
ISBN:9783319263847
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 88
Keywords: Physics , Optics , Electrodynamics , Particle acceleration , Atoms , Matter , Microwaves , Optical engineering , Physics , Atoms and Molecules in Strong Fields, Laser Matter Interaction , Optics and Electrodynamics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Microwaves, RF and Optical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319256757:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Quantum Mechanics Materials and Photons
Author(s): Rainer Dick
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (36 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25675-7
Contents:The Need for Quantum Mechanics -- Self-adjoint Operators and Eigenfunction Expansions -- Simple Model Systems -- Notions from Linear Algebra and Bra-Ket Formalism -- Formal Developments -- Harmonic Oscillators and Coherent States --
Central Forces in Quantum Mechanics -- Spin and Addition of Angular Momentum Type Operators -- Stationary Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics -- Quantum Aspects of Materials I -- Scattering Off Potentials -- The Density of States --
Time-Dependent Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics -- Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics -- Coupling to Electromagnetic Fields -- Principles of Lagrangian Field Theory -- Non-relativistic Quantum Field Theory -- Quantization of the
Maxwell Field: Photons -- Quantum Aspects of Materials II -- Dimensional Effects in Low-dimensional Systems -- Relativistic Quantum Fields -- Applications of Spinor QED
ISBN:9783319256757
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Nanotechnology , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Optics , Optical and Electronic Materials , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319252742:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Special Theory of Relativity Foundations, Theory, Verification, Applications
Author(s): Costas Christodoulides
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (480 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25274-2
Contents:Historical Introduction -- The Main Landmarks in the Development of the Special Theory of Relativity -- The Principle of Relativity of Galileo. Galileo’s Invariance Hypothesis. The Law of Inertia. Inertial Frames of Reference
Relativity -- Rømer and the Speed of Light -- Newton’s Laws of Motion. Inertia and Inertial Frames of Reference -- The Aberration of Light -- Arago’s Measurements Concerning the Constancy of the Speed of Light from Stars --
Measurements of the Speed of Light in the Laboratory -- Attempts to Measure the Dragging of Aether by Moving Media -- Maxwell’s Equations and the Wave Equation -- The Experiment of Michelson and Morley -- The Lorentz-Fitzgerald
Contraction Hypothesis -- The Increase of the Mass of the Electron with Speed -- The Invariance of Maxwell’s Equations and the Lorentz Transformation -- The Formulation of the Special Theory of Relativity -- Prolegomena -- Inertial
Frames of Reference -- The Calibration of a Frame of Reference and the Synchronization of its Clocks -- The Relativity of Simultaneity -- The Relativity of Time and Length -- The Inevitability of the Special Theory of Relativity --
Relativistic Kinematics -- The Lorentz Transformation for the Coordinates of an Event -- The Transformation of Velocity -- The Transformation of Acceleration -- Applications of Relativistic Kinematics -- The ‘Meson’ Paradox -- The
apparent focusing of fast charged particle beams due to the dilation of time -- The Sagnac Effect -- Clocks Moving Around the Earth -- The Experiment of Hafele and Keating -- Einstein’s Train -- The Twin Paradox -- Motion with a
Constant Proper Acceleration. Hyperbolic Motion -- Two Successive Lorentz Transformations. The Wigner Rotation -- Optical Phenomena -- The Aberration of Light -- Fizeau’s Experiment. Fresnel’s Aether Dragging Theory -- The Doppler
Effect -- Relativistic Beaming or the Headlight Effect -- The Pressure Exerted by Light -- Relativistic Dynamics -- The Dfinition of Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Mass -- Relativistic Energy -- The Relationship Between Momentum
and Energy -- Classical Approximations -- Particles with Zero Rest Mass -- The Conservation of Momentum and of Energy -- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy -- The Transformation of Momentum and Energy -- The Zero-Momentum Frame of
Reference -- The Transformation of the Total Momentum and the Total Energy of a System of Particles -- The Collision of two Identical Particles -- The Transformation of Force -- Motion Under the Influence of a Constant Force. The
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Constant Uniform Electric Field -- The Motion of a Charged Particle in a Constant Homogeneous Magnetic Field -- Applications of Relativistic Dynamics -- The Compton Effect -- The Inverse Compton Effect
-- The Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativity on the Design of Particle Accelerators -- Mass Defect and Binding Energy of the Atomic Nucleus -- Threshold Energy -- The General Equations for the Motion of a Relativistic Rocket
-- Minkowski’s Spacetime and Four-Vectors -- The ‘World’ of Minkowski -- Four-Vectors -- Electromagnetism -- Introduction -- The Invariance of Electric Charge -- The Transformations of the Electric Field and the Magnetic Field -- The
Fields of a Moving Electric Charge -- The Derivation of the Differential form of the Biot-Savart Law from Coulomb’s Law -- The Force Exerted on a Moving Charge by an Electric Current -- Experiments -- The Speed of Light -- The Aether
-- The Dilation of Time -- The Relativistic Doppler Effect -- The Contraction of Length -- The Test of the Predictions of Relativistic Kinematics -- The Sagnac Effect -- The Relativistic Mass -- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy --
The Test of the Predictions of Relativistic Dynamics -- The Invariance of Electric Charge -- Appendix 1. The Paradox of the Room and the Rod -- Appendix 2. The Appearance of Moving Bodies -- Appendix 3. The Derivation of the Expression
for the Relativistic Mass in General -- Appendix .4. The Invariance of the Equations of Maxwell and the Wave Equation Under the Lorentz Transformation -- Appendix 5. Tachyons -- Appendix 6. The Lorentz Transformation in Matrix Form --
Appendix 7. Table of Some Functions of the Speed -- Solutions of the Problem
ISBN:9783319252742
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319229669:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Concepts in Quantum Field Theory A Practitioner's Toolkit
Author(s): Victor Ilisie
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (190 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22966-9
Contents:1 Vectors, tensors, manifolds and Special Relativity -- 2 Lagrangians, Hamiltonians and Noether's Theorem -- 3 Relativistic kinematics and phase space -- 4 Angular Distributions -- 5 Dirac algebra -- 6 Dimensional regularization.
Ultraviolet and infrared divergences -- 7 QED renormalization -- 8 One-loop two and three-point functions -- 9 Massive spin one and renormalizable gauges -- 10 Symmetries and effective vertices -- 11 Effective field theory -- 12
Optical theorem -- A Master integral -- B Renormalization group equations -- C Feynman rules for derivative couplings
ISBN:9783319229669
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319220147:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams A Course in Theoretical Particle Physics for Beginners
Author(s): Riccardo D'Auria
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (601 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22014-7
Contents:Special Relativity -- Relativistic Dynamics -- The Equivalence Principle.- The Poincaré Group -- Maxwell Equations and Special Relativity -- Quantization of the Electromagnetic Field -- Group Representations and Lie Algebras --
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Formalism -- Quantum Mechanics Formalism -- Relativistic Wave Equations -- Quantization of Boson and Fermion Fields -- Fields in Interaction
ISBN:9783319220147
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Quantum physics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Quantum Physics , Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319206301:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics Special Relativity, Quantum and Statistical Physics
Author(s): Carlo Maria Becchi
Date:2016
Edition:3rd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (243 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20630-1
Contents:Introduction to Special Relativity -- Michelson–Morley Experiment and Lorentz Transformations -- Relativistic Kinematics -- Introduction to Quantum Physics.-The Photoelectric Effect -- Bohr’s Quantum Theory -- De Broglie’s
Interpretation -- Schrodinger’s Equation -- The Potential Barrier -- Quantum Wells and Energy Levels -- The Harmonic Oscillator -- Periodic Potentials and Band Spectra -- The Schrodinger Equation in a Central Potential -- Introduction
to the Statistical Theory of Matter -- Thermal Equilibrium by Gibbs’ Method -- The Pressure and the Equation of State.- A Three Level System -- The Grand Canonical Ensemble and the Perfect Quantum Gas
ISBN:9783319206301
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Gravitation , Quantum physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Quantum Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Thermodynamics , Mathematical Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319202242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity: Where Do We Stand?
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (103 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20224-2
Contents:Introduction -- Gravity: Newtonian, post-Newtonian and General Relativistic -- Newtonian Gravity and its classical tests (Equivalence Principle, Measure of G, 1/r2 dependence) -- Gravitational Tests with Interplanetary Probes --
Probing gravity with second generation lunar laser ranging -- Fundamental physics with the LAGEOS satellites -- The role of binary pulsars in testing Gravity Theories -- Gravitational waves: theory, sources, detectors -- Possible low
energy manifestations of strings and gravity -- Effective Field Theories with Lorentz Violations and their observational constraints -- Search for generic violations of Lorentz invariance in the Standard Model Extension formalism --
The MOND-TeVeS theory and the lensing results from the Bullet Cluster
ISBN:9783319202242
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319194165:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Astrophysical Black Holes
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (88 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-19416-5
Contents:Preface -- An introduction to astrophysical black holes and their dynamical Production -- Warp propagation in astrophysical discs -- The balance of power: accretion and feedback in stellar mass black Holes -- Observing Supermassive
Black Holes across cosmic time: from phenomenology to physics -- Orbital Motion in Galactic Nuclei -- Star Formation and Dynamics in the Galactic Centre -- The effective-one-body approach to the general relativistic two body problem --
Index
ISBN:9783319194165
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 905
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319153865:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Many-Body Theory A New Field-Theoretical Approach
Author(s): Ingvar Lindgren
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-15386-5
Contents:From the Contents: Introduction -- Time-Independent Formalism -- Time-Dependent Formalism -- S-Matrix -- Green's Functions -- Covariant Evolution Operator and Green's Operator -- Numerical Illustrations to Part II -- Covariant
Evolution Combined With Electron Correlation
ISBN:9783319153865
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics: 63
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Quantum physics , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Quantum Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9788847028081:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic Spectroscopy and Radiative Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Egidio Landi Degl'Innocenti
Date:2014
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book describes the basic physical principles of atomic spectroscopy and the absorption and emission of radiation in astrophysical and laboratory plasmas. It summarizes the basics of electromagnetism and thermodynamics andthen describes in detail the theory of atomic spectra for complex atoms, with emphasis on astrophysical applications. Both equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena in plasmas are considered. The interaction between radiation andmatter is described, together with various types o f radiation (e.g., cyclotron, synchrotron, bremsstrahlung, Compton). The basic theory of polarization is explained, as is the theory of radiative transfer for astrophysicalapplications. Atomic Spectroscopy and Radiative Processes bridges the gap between b asic books on atomic spectroscopy and the very specialized publications for the advanced researcher: it will provide under- and postgraduates with aclear in-depth description of theoretical aspects, supported by practical examples of applications
Contents:General laws of the electromagnetic field
Spectrum and polarisation
Radiation from moving charges
Quantisation of the electromagnetic field
Relativistic wave equations
Atoms with a single valence electron
Atoms with multiple valence electrons
Term energies
More details on the spectra
Laws of thermodynamic equilibrium
Interaction between matter and radiation
Selection rules and line strengths
Non
equilibrium plasmas
Radiative transfer
Second order processes
ISBN:9788847028081
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9784431547983:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Dissipative Hydrodynamic Description of the Quark-Gluon Plasma [electronic resource]
Author(s): Akihiko Monnai
Date:2014
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis presents theoretical and numerical studies on phenomenological description of the quarkgluon plasma (QGP), a many-body system of elementary particles. The author formulates a causal theory of hydrodynamics forsystems with net charges fro m the law of increasing entropy and a momentum expansion method. The derived equation results can be applied not only to collider physics, but also to the early universe and ultra-cold atoms. The authoralso develops novel off-equilibrium hydrodynamic mod els for the longitudinal expansion of the QGP on the basis of these equations. Numerical estimations show that convection and entropy production during the hydrodynamic evolution arekey to explaining excessive charged particle production, recently observe d at the Large Hadron Collider. Furthermore, the analyses at finite baryon density indicate that the energy available for QGP production is larger than the amountconventionally assumed
Contents:Introduction
High
Energy Heavy Ion Collisions
Relativistic Dissipative Hydrodynamics with Conserved Charges
Viscous Hydrodynamic Model and the Color Glass Condensate
Dissipative Hydrodynamic Model and Baryon Stopping
Summary and Conclusion
Appendices
ISBN:9784431547983
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319067612:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativity and Gravitation [electronic resource] : 100 Years after Einstein in Prague
Author(s): Ji Bik
Tom Ledvinka
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In early April 1911 Albert Einstein arrived in Prague to become full professor of theoretical physics at the German part of Charles University. It was there, for the first time, that he concentrated primarily on the problem ofgravitation. Before he l eft Prague in July 1912 he had submitted the paper Relativitt und Gravitation: Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham in which he remarkably anticipated what a future theory of gravity should looklike. At the occasion of the Einstein-in-Prague cente nary an international meeting was organized under a title inspired by Einstein's last paper from the Prague period: Relativity and Gravitation, 100 Years after Einstein inPrague. The main topics of the conference included: classical relativity, numerical relativity, relativistic astrophysics and cosmology, quantum gravity, experimental aspects of gravitation, and conceptual and historical issues. Theconference attracted over 200 scientists from 31 countries, among them a number of leading experts in the f ield of general relativity and its applications. This volume includes abstracts of the plenary talks and full texts ofcontributed talks and articles based on the posters presented at the conference. These describe primarily original results of the authors . Full texts of the plenary talks are included in the volume General Relativity, Cosmology andAstrophysics--Perspectives 100 Years after Einstein in Prague, eds. J. Bik and T. Ledvinka, published also by Springer Verlag
Contents:Abstracts of Plenary Talks
Part I Classical General Relativity
Exact Hairy Black Holes
Black Hole Formation from a Complete Past for the Einstein
Vlasov System
How to Measure Deviation from the Kerr Initial Data Recent Progress
Hidden Symmetries of the Dirac Equation in Curved Space
time
Geometrostatics: the Geometry of Static Space
times
The Gravitational Equation in Higher Dimensions
Geometric Inequalities for Black Holes
Scalar Fields on anti
de Sitter Background
Canonical Super energy Tensors in General Relativity: a Reappraisal
Einsteins Prague F
ISBN:9783319067612
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v157
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319063799:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Many-Electron Approaches in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics [electronic resource] : A Multidisciplinary View
Author(s): Volker Bach
Luigi Delle Site
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides a broad description of the development and (computational) application of many-electron approaches from a multidisciplinary perspective. In the context of studying many-electron systems Computer Science,Chemistry, Mathematics and P hysics are all intimately interconnected. However, beyond a handful of communities working at the interface between these disciplines, there is still a marked separation of subjects. This book seeks to offera common platform for possible exchanges between the various fields and to introduce the reader to perspectives for potential further developments across the disciplines. The rapid advances of modern technology will inevitably requiresubstantial improvements in the approaches currently used, which will in turn make exchanges between disciplines indispensable. In essence this book is one of the very first attempts at an interdisciplinary approach to themany-electron problem
Contents:Topics in Quantum Chemistry
Relativistic Quantum Theory of Many
Electron Systems
Spurious Modes in Dirac Calculations and how to avoid them
Tensor product approximation (DMRG) and Coupled Cluster Method in Quantum Chemistry
Quantum Cluster Equilibrium
Linear Response Methods in Quantum Chemistry
Topics in Density Functional Theory and Related Approaches
Progress on New Approaches to Old Ideas: Orbital
free Density Functionals
Time
dependent Density Functional Theory
Density Functional Theory for Strongly
Interacting Electrons
Towards the Computational Design of Co
ISBN:9783319063799
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematical Physics Studies, 0921-3767
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Electronic data processing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319061306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carlo M Becchi
Giovanni Ridolfi
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results
Contents:Introduction
Relativistic field theory
Scattering theory
Feynman
Spinor fields
Gauge symmetries
The standard model
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry
Breaking of accidental symmetries
Summary
Applications
Neutrino masses and mixing
A. Large
time evolution of the free field
B. Scattering from an external density
C. Dirac matrices
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory
References
ISBN:9783319061306
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319003337:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Potential: Physics, Geometry and Algebra [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ignazio Licata
Davide Fiscaletti
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Recently the interest in Bohm realist interpretation of quantum mechanics has grown. The important advantage of this approach lies in the possibility to introduce non-locality ab initio, and not as an unexpected host. Inthis bookthe authors give a de tailed analysis of quantum potential, the non-locality term and its role in quantum cosmology and information. The different approaches to the quantum potential are analysed, starting from the originalattempt to introduce a realism of particles trajectori es (influenced by de Broglies pilot wave) to the recent dynamic interpretation provided by Goldstein, Durr, Tumulka and Zangh, and the geometrodynamic picture, with suggestionabout quantum gravity. Finally we focus on the algebraic reading of Hiley and Bi rkbeck school, that analyse the meaning of the non-local structure of the world, bringing important consequences for the space, time and informationconcepts
Contents:From the Contents: Quantum Potential
The Quantum Potential in Schrdinger Equation
The Pilot Wave Theory
Particles trajectories as the foundation of Bohms mechanics: the nutshell of Drr, Goldstein, Tumulka and Zangh
Non
Commutative Quantum Geometry and the Algebraic Approach to Non
Locality
Quantum potential in particle and field theory models
Klein Gordon Equation and Bertoldi
Faraggi
Matone Theory
The quantum potential in Bohms approach to the Dirac relativistic quantum mechanics
Quantum Potential in Curved Space Field Theory
ISBN:9783319003337
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400755420:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mechanics: Genesis and Achievements [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Komech
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The focus of the present work is nonrelativistic and relativistic quantum mechanics with standard applications to the hydrogen atom. The author has aimed at presenting quantum mechanics in a comprehensive yet accessible formathematicians and other no n-physicists. The genesis of quantum mechanics, its applications to basic quantum phenomena, and detailed explanations of the corresponding mathematical methods are presented. The exposition is formalized(whenever possible) on the basis of the coupled Sch roedinger, Dirac and Maxwell equations. Aimed at upper graduate and graduate students in mathematical and physical science studies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Genesis of Quantum Mechanics
Heisenbergs Matrix Mechanics
Schrdingers Wave Mechanics
Lagrangian Formalism
Wave Particle Duality
The Eigenvalue Problem
Atom Radiation
Scattering of Light and Particles
Atom in Magnetic Field
Electron Spin and Pauli Equation
Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity
Mathematical Appendices
Exercises
Index
ISBN:9789400755420
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemistry , Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400754102:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:General Relativity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Norbert Straumann
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a completely revised and expanded version of the previous classic edition General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics. In Part I the foundations of general relativity are thoroughly developed, whilePart II is devoted to tests of general relativity and many of its applications. Binary pulsars our best laboratories for general relativity are studied in considerable detail. An introduction to gravitational lensing theory isincluded as well, so as to make the current literature on the subject accessible to readers. Considerable attention is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to black holes. This includes a detailed derivation of the Kerrsolution, Israels proof of his uniqueness theorem, and a derivation of the b asic laws of black hole physics. Part II ends with Wittens proof of the positive energy theorem, which is presented in detail, together with the requiredtools on spin structures and spinor analysis. In Part III, all of the differential geometric tools req uired are developed in detail. A great deal of effort went into refining and improving the text for the new edition. New material hasbeen added, including a chapter on cosmology. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in physics, astrophys ics and mathematics. It utilizes a very well structured approach, which should help it continue to be a standardwork for a modern treatment of gravitational physics. The clear presentation of differential geometry also makes it useful for work on string t heory and other fields of physics, classical as well as quantum
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Part I The General Theory of Relativity
Introduction
Physics in External Gravitational Fields
Einsteins Field Equations
Part II Applications of General Relativity
The Schwarzschild Solution and Classical Tests of General Relativity
Weak Gravitational Fields
The Post
Newtonian Approximation
White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars
Black Holes
The Positive Mass Theorem
Essentials of Friedmann
Lematre Models
Part III Differential Geometry
Differentiable Manifolds
Tangent Vectors, Vector and Tensor Fields
The Lie Derivative
Different
ISBN:9789400754102
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642373053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Strongly Interacting Matter in Magnetic Fields [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dmitri Kharzeev
Karl Landsteiner
Andreas Schmitt
Ho-Ung Yee
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The physics of strongly interacting matter in an external magnetic field is presently emerging as a topic of great cross-disciplinary interest for particle, nuclear, astro- and condensed matter physicists. It is known that strongmagnetic fields are c reated in heavy ion collisions, an insight that has made it possible to study a variety of surprising and intriguing phenomena that emerge from the interplay of quantum anomalies, the topology of non-Abelian gaugefields, and the magnetic field. In particu lar, the non-trivial topological configurations of the gluon field induce a non-dissipative electric current in the presence of a magnetic field. These phenomena have led to an extendedformulation of relativistic hydrodynamics, called chiral magnetohydrod ynamics. Hitherto unexpected applications in condensed matter physics include graphene and topological insulators. Other fields of application includeastrophysics, where strong magnetic fields exist in magnetars and pulsars. Last but not least, an import ant new theoretical tool that will be revisited and which made much of the progress surveyed in this book possible is theholographic principle - the correspondence between quantum field theory and gravity in extra dimensions. Edited and authored by the pi oneers and leading experts in this newly emerging field, this book offers a valuable resource for abroad community of physicists and graduate students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Chiral magnetic spirals
Magnetized matter in the Sakai
Sugimoto model
Charge
dependent correlations in heavy ion collisions
Superconductivity from rho meson condensation in QCD
Lattice studies of QCD phase transitions in a magnetic field
Holographic Metamagnetism
Dense quark matter in a magnetic field
Effects of a magnetic field in the linear sigma model
Chiral Magnetic effect II
Debye screening in magnetic field through holography
Holographic magnetized fermions
Chiral magnetic effect in holographic models
Applications of the AdS/CFT corr
ISBN:9783642373053
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v871
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Nuclear physics , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642372766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Special Relativity in General Frames [electronic resource] : From Particles to Astrophysics
Author(s): ric Gourgoulhon
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Special relativity is the basis of many fields in modern physics: particle physics, quantum field theory, high-energy astrophysics, etc. This theory is presented here by adopting a four-dimensional point of view from the start.An outstanding feature of the book is that it doesnt restrict itself to inertial frames but considers accelerated and rotating observers. It is thus possible to treat physical effects such as the Thomas precession or the Sagnaceffect in a simple yet precise manner. In the final chapters, more advanced topics like tensorial fields in spacetime, exterior calculus and relativistic hydrodynamics are addressed. In the last, brief chapter the author gives apreview of gravity and shows where it becomes incompatible with Minkowsky spac etime. Well illustrated and enriched by many historical notes, this book also presents many applications of special relativity, ranging from particle physics(accelerators, particle collisions, quark-gluon plasma) to astrophysics (relativistic jets, active galactic nuclei), and including practical applications (Sagnac gyrometers, synchrotron radiation, GPS). In addition, the book providessome mathematical developments, such as the detailed analysis of the Lorentz group and its Lie algebra. The book is suit able for students in the third year of a physics degree or on a masters course, as well as researchers and anyreader interested in relativity. Thanks to the geometric approach adopted, this book should also be beneficial for the study of general relativit y. A modern presentation of special relativity must put forward its essentialstructures, before illustrating them using concrete applications to specific dynamical problems. Such is the challenge (so successfully met!) of the beautiful book by ric Gourgou lhon. (excerpt from the Foreword by ThibaultDamour)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Minkowski Spacetime
Worldlines and Proper Time
Observers
Kinematics 1: Motion with Respect to an Observer
Kinematics 2: Change of Observer
Lorentz Group
Lorentz Group as a Lie Group
Inertial Observers and Poincar Group
Energy and Momentum
Angular Momentum
Principle of Least Action
Accelerated Observers
Rotating Observers
Tensors and Alternate Forms
Fields on Spacetime
Integration in Spacetime
Electromagnetic Field
Maxwell Equations
Energy
Momentum Tensor
Energy
Momentum of the Electromagnetic Field
Relativistic Hydrodynamics
What
ISBN:9783642372766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642345630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Florian Scheck
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Schecks Quantum Physics presents a comprehensive introductory treatment, ideally suited for a two-semester course. Part One covers the basic principles and prime applications of quantum mechanics, from the uncertaintyrelations to many-body systems. P art Two introduces to relativistic quantum field theory and ranges from symmetries in quantum physics to electroweak interactions. Numerous worked-out examples as well as exercises, with solutions orhints, enables the books use as an accompanying text for courses, and also for independent study. For both parts, the necessary mathematical framework is treated in adequate form and detail. The book ends with appendices coveringmathematical fundamentals and enrichment topics, plus selected biographical notes on pioneers of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The new edition was thoroughly revised and now includes new sections on quantization using thepath integral method and on deriving generalized path integrals for bosonic and fermionic fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Uncertainty Relation to Many
Body Systems
Quantum Mechanics of Point Particles
Scattering of Particles by Potentials
The Principles of Quantum Theory
Space
Time Symmetries in Quantum Physics
Applications of Quantum Mechanics
From Symmetries in Quantum Physics to Electroweak Interactions
Symmetries and Symmetry Groups in Quantum Physics
Quantized Fields and their Interpretation
Scattering Matrix and Observables in Scattering and Decays
Particles with Spin 1/2 and the Dirac Equation
Elements of Quantum Electrodynamics and Weak Interactions
ISBN:9783642345630
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461440451:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Plasmadynamics [electronic resource] : Magnetized Plasmas
Author(s): Donald Melrose
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The covariant (4-tensor) theory for relativistic quantum plasmas presented in the first volume is generalized to magnetized plasma in this second volume. The firstfour chapters areconcerned with classical theory, includingcovariant forms of cold-plas ma, MHD and kinetic theory and the theory of gyromagnetic emission. The response 4-tensor for an arbitrary distribution is evaluated, using both the forward-scattering and Vlasov methods, applied to arelativistic thermal distribution and used to discuss w ave dispersion in relativistic magnetized plasmas. In the second half of the book, solutions of Dirac's equation for a magnetized electron are used to develop a magnetizedversion of QED. This form of QED is applied to gyromagnetic processes, the response of the magnetized vacuum and the response of a magnetized electron gas. The theory has a potentially wide range of applications, such as super-strongmagnetic fields in pulsars, high-powered lasers and spin-dependence in a laboratory electron gas
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: Covariant Fluid Models for Magnetized Plasmas
Chapter 2: Response Tensors for Magnetized Plasmas
Chapter 3: Waves in Magnetized Plasmas
Chapter 4: Gyromagnetic Processes
Chapter 5: Magnetized Dirac Electron
Chapter 6: Quantum Theory of Gyromagnetic Processes
Chapter 7: Second Order Gyromagnetic Processes
Chapter 8: Magnetized Vacuum
Chapter 9: Response of Magnetized Electron Gas
Appendix A: Special Functions
Index
ISBN:9781461440451
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v854
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847015043:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Special Relativity to Feynman Diagrams [electronic resource] : A Course of Theoretical Particle Physics for Beginners
Author(s): Riccardo D'Auria
Mario Trigiante
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This books aims at filling a gap between the basics courses of classical and quantum mechanics and advanced courses of (relativistic) quantum mechanics and field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the role of symmetry inmodern theoretical physic s. For this reason this book is particularly suited to those students who are interested in a deeper knowledge of modern developments in elementary particle physics and relativity, even if they choose not tospecialize in this branch of research. This targ et of readers includes, besides experimental and applied physicists, also those engineers who need advanced notions of theoretical high energy physics, in view of future research activityin the field theory approach to condensed matter, in accelerator phy sics and in all those modern technology sectors which require a more advanced and sophisticated theoretical physics background. Courses motivated by these objectivesare present in several polytechnic institutes around the world. The last chapters of this book, in particular, are of particular importance to those engineers who plan to work in high energy physics research centres, like LHC at CERN,or to collaborate to experiments on the revelation of gravitational waves. As far as engineering is concerned, it is important to stress that elementary Special and General Relativity courses are often absent in their curricula
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788847015043
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:UNITEXT, 2038-5714
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642295119:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Many Body Systems [electronic resource] : Cetraro, Italy 2010, Editors: Alessandro Giuliani, Vieri Mastropietro, Jakob Yngvason
Author(s): Vincent Rivasseau
Robert Seiringer
Jan Philip Solovej
Thomas Spencer
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is based on the lectures given at the CIME school Quantum many body systems held in the summer of 2010. It provides a tutorial introduction to recent advances in the mathematics of interacting systems, written byfour leading experts in the f ield: V. Rivasseau illustrates the applications of constructive Quantum Field Theory to 2D interacting electrons and their relation to quantum gravity R. Seiringer describes a proof of Bose-Einsteincondensation in the Gross-Pitaevski limit and explains th e effects of rotating traps and the emergence of lattices of quantized vortices J.-P. Solovej gives an introduction to the theory of quantum Coulomb systems and to thefunctional analytic methods used to prove their thermodynamic stability finally, T. Spen cer explains the supersymmetric approach to Anderson localization and its relation to the theory of random matrices. All the lectures arecharacterized by their mathematical rigor combined with physical insights
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1.Introduction to the Renormalization Group with Applications to Non
Relativistic Quantum Electron Gases. Vincent Rivasseau
2.Cold Quantum Gases and Bose
Einstein Condensation. Robert Seiringer
3. Quantum Coulomb gases. Jan Philip Solovey
4. SUSY Statistical Mechanics and Random Band Matrices. Thomas Spencer
ISBN:9783642295119
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2051
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642202414:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electroweak and Strong Interactions [electronic resource] : Phenomenology, Concepts, Models
Author(s): Florian Scheck
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Electroweak and Strong Interaction: Phenomenology, Concepts, Models, begins with relativistic quantum mechanics and some quantum field theory which lay the foundation for the rest of the text. The phenomenology and the physics ofthe fundamental inter actions are emphasized through a detailed discussion of the empirical fundamentals of unified theories of strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions. The principles of local gauge theories are described both ina heuristic and a geometric framework. Th e minimal standard model of the fundamental interactions is developed in detail and characteristic applications are worked out. Possible signals of physics beyond that model, notably in thephysics of neutrinos are also discussed. Among the applications sc attering on nucleons and on nuclei provide salient examples. Numerous exercises with solutions make the text suitable for advanced courses or individual study. Thiscompletely updated revised new edition contains an enlarged chapter on quantum chromodynami cs and a widely updated chapter on neutrino physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fermion Fields and their Properties
Electromagnetic Processes and Interactions
Weak Interactions and the Standard Model of Strong and Electroweak Interactions
Beyond the Minimal Standard Model
Scattering of Strongly Interacting Particles on Nuclei
Hadronic Atoms
Quantum Chromodynamics
Neutrino Physics
Appendix A. Lorentz Invariant Distributions
Appendix B. S
Matrix, Cross Sections, Decay Probabilities
Appendix C1. Some Feynman Rules for Quantum Electrodynamics of Spin
1/2 Particles f+
Appendix C2. Traces. Appendix D. The Group SU(3)
Appendix E. Dirac Equati
ISBN:9783642202414
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642154829:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetries and Group Theory in Particle Physics [electronic resource] : An Introduction to Space-Time and Internal Symmetries
Author(s): Giovanni Costa
Gianluigi Fogli
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Symmetries, coupled with the mathematical concept of group theory, are an essential conceptual backbone in the formulation of quantum field theories capable of describing the world of elementary particles. This primer is anintroduction to and survey of the underlying concepts and structures needed in order to understand and handle these powerful tools. Specifically, in Part I of the book the symmetries and related group theoretical structures of theMinkowskian space-time manifold are analyzed, while Part II examines the internal symmetries and their related unitary groups, where the interactions between fundamental particles are encoded as we know them from the present standardmodel of particle physics. This book, based on several courses given by th e authors, addresses advanced graduate students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter active research in the field, and having a working knowledge ofclassical field theory and relativistic quantum mechanics. Numerous end-of-chapter problems and their solutions will facilitate the use of this book as self-study guide or as course book for topical lectures
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Lie Groups and their Representations
The Rotation Group
The Homogeneous Lorentz Group
The Poincare Transformation
One Particle and Two Particle States
Discrete Operations
Relativistic Equations
Unitary Symmetries
Gauge Symmetries
Rotation Matrices and Clebsch
Gordan Coeficients
Symmetric Goups and Identical Particles
Young Tableaux and Irreducible Representations ot he Unitary Groups
Solutions
Index
ISBN:9783642154829
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v823
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441980779:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource] : Materials and Photons
Author(s): Rainer Dick
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Advanced Quantum Mechanics: Materials and Photons is a textbook which emphasizes the importance of advanced quantum mechanics for materials science and all experimental techniques which employ photon absorption, emission, orscattering. Important aspe cts of introductory quantum mechanics are covered in the first seven chapters to make the subject self-contained and accessible for a wide audience. The textbook can therefore be used for advancedundergraduate courses and introductory graduate courses whi ch are targeted towards students with diverse academic backgrounds from the Natural Sciences or Engineering. To enhance this inclusive aspect of making the subject asaccessible as possible, Appendices A and B also provide introductions to Lagrangian mecha nics and the covariant formulation of electrodynamics. Other special features include an introduction to Lagrangian field theory and an integrateddiscussion of transition amplitudes with discrete or continuous initial or final states. Once students have a cquired an understanding of basic quantum mechanics and classical field theory, canonical field quantization is easy.Furthermore, the integrated discussion of transition amplitudes naturally leads to the notions of transition probabilities, decay rates, a bsorption cross sections and scattering cross sections, which are important for all experimentaltechniques that use photon probes. Quantization is first discussed for the Schrdinger field before the relativistic Maxwell, Klein-Gordon and Dirac fields are quantized. Quantized Schrdinger field theory is not only important forcondensed matter physics and materials science, but also provides the easiest avenue to general field quantization and is therefore also useful for students with an interest in nuclear and particle physics. The quantization of theMaxwell field is performed in Coulomb gauge. This is the appropriate and practically most useful quantization procedure in condensed matter physics, chem
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Need for Quantum Mechanics
Self
adjoint Operators and Eigenfunction Expansions
Simple Model Systems
Notions from Linear Algebra and Bra
ket Formalism
Formal Developments
Harmonic Oscillators and Coherent States
Central Forces in Quantum Mechanics
Spin and Addition of Angular Momentum Type Operators
Stationary Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Aspects of Materials I
Scattering Off Potentials
The Density of States
Time
Dependent Perturbations in Quantum Mechanics
Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics
Coupling to Electromagnetic Fields
Princ
ISBN:9781441980779
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9780817646622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-adjoint Extensions in Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource] : General Theory and Applications to Schrdinger and Dirac Equations with Singular Potentials
Author(s): D.M Gitman
I.V Tyutin
B.L Voronov
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston : Birkhuser Boston
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantization of physical systems requires a correct definition of quantum-mechanical observables, such as the Hamiltonian, momentum, etc., as self-adjoint operators in appropriate Hilbert spaces and their spectral analysis.Though a nave treatment exi sts for dealing with such problems, it is based on finite-dimensional algebra or even infinite-dimensional algebra with bounded operators, resulting in paradoxes and inaccuracies. A propertreatment of these problems requires invoking certain nontrivial n otions and theorems from functional analysis concerning the theory of unbounded self-adjoint operators and the theory of self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators.Self-adjoint Extensions in Quantum Mechanics begins by considering quantization problem s in general, emphasizing the nontriviality of consistent operator construction by presenting paradoxes of the nave treatment. The necessarymathematical background is then built by developing the theory of self-adjoint extensions. Through examination of v arious quantum-mechanical systems, the authors show how quantization problems associated with the correct definitionof observables and their spectral analysis can be treated consistently for comparatively simple quantum-mechanical systems. Systems that ar e examined include free particles on an interval, particles in a number of potential fieldsincluding delta-like potentials, the one-dimensional Calogero problem, the AharonovBohm problem, and the relativistic Coulomb problem. This well-organized text is m ost suitable for graduate students and postgraduates interested indeepening their understanding of mathematical problems in quantum mechanics beyond the scope of those treated in standard textbooks. The book may also serve as a useful resource for mathema ticians and researchers in mathematical andtheoretical physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Linear Operators in Hilbert Spaces
Basics of Theory of s.a. Extensions of Symmetric Operators
Differential Operators
Spectral Analysis of s.a. Operators
Free One
Dimensional Particle on an Interval
One
Dimensional Particle in Potential Fields
Schrdinger Operators with Exactly Solvable Potentials
Dirac Operator with Coulomb Field
Schrdinger and Dirac Operators with Aharonov
Bohm and Magnetic
Solenoid Fields
ISBN:9780817646622
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics : v62
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Operator theory , Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400719170:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Wave Equations in Higher Dimensions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Shi-Hai Dong
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Higher dimensional theories have attracted much attention because they make it possible to reduce much of physics in a concise, elegant fashion that unifies the two great theories of the 20th century: Quantum Theory andRelativity. This book provides an elementary description of quantum wave equations in higher dimensions at an advanced level so as to put all current mathematical and physical concepts and techniques at the readers disposal. Acomprehensive description of quantum wave equations in highe r dimensions and their broad range of applications in quantum mechanics is provided, which complements the traditional coverage found in the existing quantum mechanicstextbooks and gives scientists a fresh outlook on quantum systems in all branches of phy sics. In Parts I and II the basic properties of the SO(n) group are reviewed and basic theories and techniques related to wave equations in higherdimensions are introduced. Parts III and IV cover important quantum systems in the framework of non-relativis tic and relativistic quantum mechanics in terms of the theories presented in Part II. In particular, the Levinson theorem andthe generalized hypervirial theorem in higher dimensions, the Schrdinger equation with position-dependent mass and the Kaluza-Klei n theory in higher dimensions are investigated. In this context, the dependence of the energy levels onthe dimension is shown. Finally, Part V contains conclusions, outlooks and an extensive bibliography
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I (Introduction)
Part II (Theory)
2. Special orthogonal groups (Introduction Abstract groupsOrthogonal group SO(n) Tensor representations of the SO(n) \Gamma matrix groups Spinor representations of the SO(n) Concluding remarks)
3. Rotational symmetry and Schrdinger equation in N
dimensional space (Introduction Rotation operator Orbital angular momentum operators The linear momentum operatorsRadial momentum operator Spherical harmonic polynomials Schrdinger equation for a two
body system Concluding remarks)
4. Dirac equation in higher dimensions (Introduction
ISBN:9789400719170
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Functional equations , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400701717:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Information and Computation and Its Applications to Nano- and Bio-systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Masanori Ohya
I Volovich
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This monograph provides a mathematical foundation to the theory of quantum information and computation, with applications to various open systems including nano and bio systems. It includes introductory material on algorithm,functional analysis, prob ability theory, information theory, quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. Apart from standard material on quantum information like quantum algorithm and teleportation, the authors discuss findings on thetheory of entropy in C*-dynamical systems, spa ce-time dependence of quantum entangled states, entangling operators, adaptive dynamics, relativistic quantum information, and a new paradigm for quantum computation beyond the usualquantum Turing machine. Also, some important applications of information theory to genetics and life sciences, as well as recent experimental and theoretical discoveries in quantum photosynthesis are described
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 Algorithms and Computation
3 Basics of Classical Probability
4 Basics of Infinite Dimensional Analysis
5 Basics of Quantum Mechanics
6 Fundamentals of Classical Information Theory
7 Fundamentals of Quantum Information
8 Locality and Entanglement
9 Quantum Capacity and Coding
10 Information Dynamics and Adaptive Dynamics
11 Mathematical Models of Quantum Computer
12 Quantum Algorithms I
13 Quantum Algorithms II
14 Quantum Algorithms III
15 Quantum Error Correction
16 Quantum Field Theory
Locality and Entanglement
17 Quantum Cry
ISBN:9789400701717
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Bioinformatics , Mathematics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400700772:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rational Reconstructions of Modern Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter Mittelstaedt
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Newtons classical physics and its underlying ontology are loaded with several metaphysical hypotheses that cannot be justified by rational reasoning nor by experimental evidence. Furthermore, it is well known that some ofthese hypotheses are not cont ained in the great theories of modern physics, such as the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. This book shows that, on the basis of Newtons classical physics and by rational reconstruction, thetheory of relativity as well as quantum mechanics can be obtained by partly eliminating or attenuating the metaphysical hypotheses. Moreover, it is shown that these reconstructions do not require additional hypotheses or newexperimental results
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Chapter 1: Rise and Fall of Physical Theories
The evolution of Modern Physics from the classical world
Intuitiveness and truth of Modern Physics
The new approach: Reduction of metaphysical hypotheses
Chapter 2 : Reconstruction of Special and General Relativity
Historical Development versus rational reconstruction
Reconstruction of Special Relativity
Space
time intervals and Relativistic Mechanics
The numerical value of the constant w
Could Special Relativity have been discovered already by Newton? A pseudo
historical digression
The attempt to reconstruct Ge
ISBN:9789400700772
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v169
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789048136452:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Armin Wachter
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Which problems do arise within relativistic enhancements of the Schrdinger theory, especially if one adheres to the usual one-particle interpretation, and to what extent can these problems be overcome? And what is the physicalnecessity of quantum fie ld theories? In many books, answers to these fundamental questions are given highly insufficiently by treating the relativistic quantum mechanical one-particle concept very superficially and instead introducingfield quantization as soon as possible. By co ntrast, this monograph emphasizes relativistic quantum mechanics in the narrow sense: it extensively discusses relativistic one-particle concepts and reveals their problems and limitations,therefore motivating the necessity of quantized fields in a physic ally comprehensible way. The first chapters contain a detailed presentation and comparison of the Klein-Gordon and Dirac theory, always in view of the non-relativistictheory. In the third chapter, we consider relativistic scattering processes and develop the Feynman rules from propagator techniques. This is where the impossibility to get around a quantum field theoretical reasoning is discussed andbasic quantum field theoretical concepts are introduced. This book addresses undergraduate and graduate physi cs students who are interested in a clearly arranged and structured presentation of relativistic quantum mechanics in thenarrow sense and its connection to quantum field theories. Each section contains a short summary and exercises with solutions. A mathe matical appendix rounds up this excellent introductory book on relativistic quantum mechanics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Exercises
Preface
1. Relativistic Description of Spin
0 Particles
2. Relativistic Description of Spin
1/2 Particles
3. Relativistic Scattering Theory, Appendix
ISBN:9789048136452
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642140907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Density Functional Theory [electronic resource] : An Advanced Course
Author(s): Eberhard Engel
Reiner M Dreizler
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for the atomic-level simulation of condensed matter phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. The present book is a rigorousand detailed introducti on to the foundations up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals and both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, this textconcentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants. This implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of keyapproximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemen ted by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating strengths and weaknesses of a particular approach or functional. DFT forsuperconducting or nuclear and hadronic systems are not addressed in this work. The structure and material co ntained in this book allow for a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-bodytheory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Greens function or response functions - ar e introduced step by step, rather than just used. The same applies to some basic notions of solid statetheory, as, for instance, the Fermi surface. Also, the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without a formal theoretical physics background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Foundations of Density Functional Theory: Existence Theorems
Effective Single
Particle Equations
Exchange
Correlation Energy Functional
Virial Theorems
Orbital Functionals: Optimized Potential Method
Time
Dependent Density Functional Theory
Relativistic Density Functional Theory
Further Reading
Appendices: Functionals and the Functional Derivative
Second Quantization in Many
Body Theory
Scaling Behavior of Many
Body Methods
Explicit Density Functionals for the Kinetic Energy: Thomas
Fermi Models and Beyond
Asymptotic Behavior of Quasi
Particl
ISBN:9783642140907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441994912:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Dynamic Imaging [electronic resource] : Theoretical and Numerical Methods
Author(s): Andr D Bandrauk
Misha Ivanov
Date:2011
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Studying and using light or photons to image and then to control and transmit molecular information is among the most challenging and significant research fields to emerge in recent years. One of the fastest growing areasinvolves research in the temp oral imaging of quantum phenomena, ranging from molecular dynamics in the femto (10-15s) time regime for atomic motion to the atto (10-18s) time scale of electron motion. In fact, the attosecondrevolution is now recognized as one of the most important rec ent breakthroughs and innovations in the science of the 21st century. A major participant in the development of ultrafast femto and attosecond temporal imaging ofmolecular quantum phenomena has been theory and numerical simulation of the nonlinear, non-pe rturbative response of atoms and molecules to ultrashort laser pulses. Therefore, imaging quantum dynamics is a new frontier of sciencerequiring advanced mathematical approaches for analyzing and solving spatial and temporal multidimensional partial diffe rential equations such as Time-Dependent Schroedinger Equations (TDSE) andTime-Dependent Dirac equations (TDDEsfor relativistic phenomena). These equations are also coupled to the photons in Maxwell's equations for collective propagation effects. Inversio n of the experimental imaging data of quantum dynamics presents new mathematical challengesin the imaging of quantum wave coherences on subatomic (subnanometer) spatial dimensions and multiple timescales from atto to femto and even nanoseconds.In Quantum Dynamic Imaging: Theoretical and Numerical Methods,leadingresearchers discuss these exciting state-of-the-art developments and theirimplications for R&D in view of the promise of quantum dynamic imagingscience as the essential tool for controlling matter at the molecular level. Presentsthe latest research results in ultrafast imaging of quantum phenomena Demonstrates the wide-ranging potential of quantum dynamic imaging for R&D in areas as
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781441994912
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:CRM Series in Mathematical Physics
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microwaves , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441983091:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativistic Many-Body Theory [electronic resource] : A New Field-Theoretical Approach
Author(s): Ingvar Lindgren
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Relativistic Many-Body Theory treats for the first time the combination of relativistic atomic many-body theory with quantum-electrodynamics (QED) in a unified manner. This book can be regarded as a continuation of thebook by Lindgren and Morrison, Atomic Many-Body Theory (Springer 1986), which deals with the non-relativistic theory of many-electron systems, describing several means of treating the electron correlation to essentially all orders ofperturbation theory. The treatment of the present bo ok is based upon quantum-field theory, and demonstrates that when the procedure is carried to all orders of perturbation theory, two-particle systems are fully compatible with therelativistically covariant Bethe-Salpeter equation. This procedure can be ap plied to arbitrary open-shell systems, in analogy with the standard many-body theory, and it is also applicable to systems with more than two particles.Presently existing theoretical procedures for treating atomic systems are, in several cases, insufficie nt to explain the accurate experimental data recently obtained, particularly for highly charged ions. This shortcoming is expectedto be due to omission of combined QED-correlational effects, included in the new unified procedure. All methods treated in Re lativistic Many-Body Theory are illustrated with numerical examples. The main text is divided into threeparts. In Part I, the standard time-independent and time-dependent perturbation procedures are reviewed. Part II describes three methods for QED calcul ations, a) the standard S-matrix formulation, b) the Two-times Greens-functionmethod, developed by the St Petersburg Atomic Theory group, and c) the Covariant-evolution-operator (CEO) method, recently developed by the Gothenburg Atomic Theory group. In Pa rt III, the CEO method is combined with electroncorrelation to arbitrary order to a unified MBPT-QED procedure. In this procedure the electron correlation can be included to high order, and
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Time
independent formalism
Time
dependent formalism
S
matrix
Greens functions
Covariant evolution operator and Greens operator
Numerical illustrations to Part II
Covariant evolution combined with electron correlation
The Bethe
Salpeter equation
Implementation of the MBPT
QED procedure with numerical results
Analytical treatment of the Bethe
Salpeter equation
Regularization and renormalization
Summary and Conclusions
Notations and definitions
Second quantization
Representations of states and operators
Dirac equation and the mome
ISBN:9781441983091
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v63
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9788847016163:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics [electronic resource] : Special Relativity, Quantum and Statistical Physics
Author(s): Carlo Maria Becchi
Massimo DElia
Date:2010
Edition:2nd Edition
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:These notes are designed as a text book for a course on the Modern Physics Theory for undergraduate students. The purpose is providing a rigorous and self-contained presentation of the simplest theoretical framework usingelementary mathematical tools . A number of examples of relevant applications and an appropriate list of exercises and answered questions are also given. The first part is devoted to Special Relativity, concerning in particularspace-time relativity and relativistic kinematics. The sec ond part deals with Schroedinger's formulation of quantum mechanics. The presentation concerns mainly one dimensional problems, in particular tunnel effect, discrete energylevels and band spectra. The three dimensional Schroedinger equation is discussed i n the case of a cubic box and in that of central potentials in particular we give some details on the harmonic oscillator, the spherical box and theCoulomb potential. The third part concerns the application of Gibbs statistical methods to quantum systems and in particular to Bose and Fermi gasses
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788847016163
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:UNITEXT, 2038-5714
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642156243:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lectures on Classical and Quantum Theory of Fields [electronic resource]
Author(s): Henryk Arod
Leszek Hadasz
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This textbook on classical and quantum theory of fields addresses graduate students starting to specialize in theoretical physics. It provides didactic introductions to the main topics in the theory of fields, while taking intoaccount the contemporar y view of the subject. The student will find concise explanations of basic notions essential for applications of the theory of fields as well as for frontier research in theoretical physics. One third of the bookis devoted to classical fields. Each chapte r contains exercises of varying degree of difficulty with hints or solutions, plus summaries and worked examples as useful. The textbook is based on lectures delivered to students oftheoretical physics at Jagiellonian University. It aims to deliver a uniq ue combination of classical and quantum field theory in one compact course
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Euler
Lagrange equations and Noether's theorem
Scalar fields
Vector fields
Relativistic spinor fields
The quantum theory of free fields
Perturbative expansion in the phi44 model
Renormalization
Renormalization group
Relativistic invariance and the spectral decomposition of G(2)
Paths integrals in QFT
The perturbative expansion for non
Abelian gauge fields
The simplest supersymmetric models
Anomalies
Appendix: Some facts about generalized functions
ISBN:9783642156243
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Field theory (Physics) , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9781441908988:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Operational Spacetime [electronic resource] : Interactions and Particles
Author(s): Heinrich Saller
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Operational Spacetime: Interactions and Particles provides readers with a basic understanding of the mutual conditioning of spacetime and interactions and matter. The spacetime manifold will be looked at to be a reservoir for theparametrization of op eration Lie groups or subgroup classes of Lie groups. With basic operation groups or Lie algebras, all physical structures can be interpreted in terms of corresponding realizations or representations. Physicalproperties are related eigenvalues or invarian ts. As an explicit example, an operational spacetime is proposed, called electroweak spacetime, parametrizing the classes of the internal hypercharge-isospin group in the general lineargroup in two complex dimensions, i.e., the Lorentz cover group, extend ed by the causal (dilation) and phase group. Its representations and invariants will be investigated with the aim to connect them, qualitatively and numerically,with the properties of interactions and particles as arising in the representations of its tan gent Minkowski spaces. Heinrich Saller is the author of Operational Quantum Theory I: Nonrelativistic Structures (Springer, 2006) andOperational Quantum Theory II: Relativistic Structures (Springer, 2006)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction and Orientation
Einstein's Gravity
Riemannian Manifolds
Mass Points
Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Fields of Flat Spacetime
External and Internal Operations
Relativities and Homogeneous Spaces
Representation Coefficients
Convolutions and Product Representations
Interactions and Kernels
Electroweak Spacetime
Masses and Coupling Constants
ISBN:9781441908988
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v163
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9780387776385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extra Dimensions in Space and Time [electronic resource]
Author(s): Itzhak Bars
John Terning
Farzad Nekoogar
Date:2010
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Multiversal book series is equally unique, providing book-length extensions of the lectures with enough additional depth for those who truly want to explore these fields, while also providing the kind of clarity that isappropriate for interested lay people to grasp the general principles involved. -Lawrence M. Krauss The aim of this book is to continue to raise public awareness in the exciting field of theoretical physics and cosmology. It coversthe latest theories at a level not weighed down by highly mathematical equations. Each chapter is written by a leading expert who is presently researching and lecturing on the topics. Extra Dimensions in Space and Time has two mainfeatures that differentiate it from all other books written about the topic : The first feature is the coverage of extra dimensions in time (Two-Time physics), which has not been covered in earlier books. All other books on the topicfocus on extra spatial dimensions. The second feature deals with level of presentation. The materi al is presented in a non-technical language followed by additional technical sections (in the form of appendices or footnotes) thatexplain the basic equations and formulas in the theories. This feature is very attractive to readers who want to learn more about the theories involved beyond the basic description for a layperson. Topics Covered: Structure of matter &fundamental forces Einsteins relativistic view of space-time Equivalence Principle and General Relativity Symmetry and perspective Why higher sp ace or time dimensions? Extra space dimensions and String Theory Einstein and the FourthDimension Traditional Extra Dimensions String Theory and Branes Warped Extra Dimensions How to Look For Extra Dimensions? Extra Dimensions: The equations behind the wo rds Two Time Physics Current status of 2T-Physics and futuredirections Multiversal Journeys is a trademark of Farzad Nekoogar and Multiversal Journeys, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Two
Time Physics: The Unified View from Higher Dimensional Space and Time
A First Look at the Known Universe
Structure of Matter and Fundamental Forces
What Is SpaceTime?
Symmetry and Perspective
Why Higher Space or Time Dimensions?
The Role of Extra Space Dimensions in String Theory
Two
Time Physics
Evidence of 4 + 2 as Subtle Effects in 3 + 1 Dimensions
Fundamental Universe as a Shadow from 4 + 2 Dimensions
Current Status of 2T
Physics and Future Directions
Further Reading
Extra Dimensions of Space
The Popular View of Extra Dimensions
Extra Materi
ISBN:9780387776385
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Multiversal Journeys
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540875611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Electrodynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Joachim Reinhardt
Date:2009
Edition:Fourth Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This textbook on Quantum Electrodynamics is a thorough introductory text providing all necessary mathematical tools together with many examples and worked problems. In their presentation of the subject the authors adopt aheuristic approach based on t he propagator formalism. The latter is introduced in the first two chapters in both its nonrelativistic and relativistic versions. Subsequently, a large number of scattering and radiation processesinvolving electrons, positrons, and photons are introduced and their theoretical treatment is presented in great detail. Higher order processes and renormalization are also included. The book concludes with a discussion of two-particlestates and the interaction of spinless bosons. This completely revised and cor rected new edition provides several additions to enable deeper insight in formalism and application of quantum electrodynamics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Propagators and Scattering Theory
The Propagators for Electrons and Positrons
Quantum
Electrodynamical Processes
Summary: The Feynman Rules of QED
The Scattering Matrix in Higher Orders
Two
Particle Systems
Quantum Electrodynamics of Strong Fields
Quantum Electrodynamics of Spinless Bosons
Appendix
Subject Index
ISBN:9783540875611
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Quantum computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540795728:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ultraviolet and Soft X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers [electronic resource] : Introduction to Physical Principles, Experimental Results, Technological Challenges
Author(s): Peter Schmser
Martin Dohlus
Jrg Rossbach
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In the introduction accelerator-based light sources are considered and a comparison is made between free-electron lasers and conventional quantum lasers. The motion and radiation of relativistic electrons in undulator magnets isdiscussed. The princip le of a low-gain free-electron laser is explained and the pendulum equations are introduced that characterize the electron dynamics in the field of a light wave. The differential equations of the high-gain FEL arederived from the Maxwell equations of elec trodynamics. Analytical and numerical solutions of the FEL equations are presented and important FEL parameters are defined, such as gain length, FEL bandwidth and saturation power. A detailednumerical study of the all-important microbunching process is p resented. The mechanism of Self Amplified Spontaneous Emission is described theoretically and illustrated with numerous experimental results. Three-dimensional effects suchas betatron oscillations and optical diffraction are addressed and their impact on the FEL performance is analyzed. The worlds first soft X-ray FEL, the user facility FLASH at DESY, is described in some detail in order to give animpression of the complexity of such an accelerator-based light source. Finally, the physical and technologic al challenges of X-ray FELs are addressed while some of the more involved calculations are put into the appendices, where alsosupplementary material can be found
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Undulator radiation
Low
gain FEL theory
One
dimensional theory of the high
gain FEL
Applications of the high
gain FEL equations
Refinements of the one
dimensional FEL theory
Self amplified spontaneous emission
The Ultraviolet and soft X
ray FEL in Hamburg
Physical and technological challenges of an X
ray FEL
Appendices A to H deal with: Hamiltonian formalism, low
gain limit of high
gain FEL theory, non
periodic first
order equations, Gaussian modes of laser beams, eigenmode approach, periodic current modulation resulting from shot noise, the gamma distribu
ISBN:9783540795728
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v229
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Electromagnetism , Electrodynamics , Laser physics , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540769651:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutron Stars and Pulsars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Werner Becker
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Neutron stars are the most compact astronomical objects in the universe which are accessible by direct observation. Studying neutron stars means studying physics in regimes unattainable in any terrestrial laboratory.Understanding their observed compl ex phenomena requires a wide range of scientific disciplines, including the nuclear and condensed matter physics of very dense matter in neutron star interiors, plasma physics and quantumelectrodynamics of magnetospheres, and the relativistic magneto-hydr odynamics of electron-positron pulsar winds interacting with some ambient medium. Not to mention the test bed neutron stars provide for general relativity theories,and their importance as potential sources of gravitational waves. It is this variety of dis ciplines which, among others, makes neutron star research so fascinating, not only for those who have been working in the field for many yearsbut also for students and young scientists. The aim of this book is to serve as a reference work which not only r eviews the progress made since the early days of pulsar astronomy, but especially focuses on questions such as: Whathave we learned about the subject and how did we learn it?, What are the most important open questions in this area? and What new tools, te lescopes, observations, and calculations are needed to answer these questions?. Allauthors who have contributed to this book have devoted a significant part of their scientific careers to exploring the nature of neutron stars and understanding pulsars. Ev eryone has paid special attention to writing educationalcomprehensive review articles with the needs of beginners, students and young scientists as potential readers in mind. This book will be a valuable source of information for these groups
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540769651
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v357
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Relativity (Physics) , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration , Superconductivity
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