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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD SCIENCE,PHILOSOPHY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/4478.19 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword science,philosophy ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319517063:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of the Human Mind
Author(s): Ihor Lubashevsky
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 380 p. 83 illus., 41 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Modeling of Human Behavior as Individual Branch of Physics and Mathematics -- Why Laws of Classical Physics Have Their Form -- Fodor-Kim Dilemma -- Strong Emergence via Constitutive Fields -- Non-Cartesian Dualism and Meso-Relational
Media -- Modeling of Human Behavior Within the Paradigm of Modern Physics -- Emergent Phenomena Caused by Bounded Capacity of Human Cognition -- Epilog: Physics and Human Mind -- References -- Index
ISBN:9783319517063
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy of mind , Neural networks (Computer science) , Cognitive psychology , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Mathematical Models of Cognitive Processes and Neural Networks , Cognitive Psychology , Philosophy of Mind , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:9783319488646:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time Machine Tales The Science Fiction Adventures and Philosophical Puzzles of Time Travel
Author(s): Paul J Nahin
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XLIX, 383 p. 53 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Some First Words -- Introduction -- A Broad Look At Time Travel -- Philosophical Space and Time -- The Physics of Time Travel —Part I.-Philosophers, Physicists, and the Time Travel Paradoxes -- Communication With the Past -- The
Physics of Time Travel —Part II -- Epilogue -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- Glossary -- Index.
ISBN:9783319488646
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Popular works , Philosophy and science , Gravitation , Physics , Philosophy , Popular Science , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Science in Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:9783319460406:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Invention of Time and Space Origins, Definitions, Nature, Properties
Author(s): Patrice F Dassonville
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 176 p. 46 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- The Main Issues -- The Failure of Dialectics -- Reality, Concepts, and Models -- Origins of Time and Space -- Definitions and Nature of Time -- Definitions and Nature of Space -- Mathematical Properties of Time and
Space -- Historical Overview of Time and Space -- First Consequences of Non-Existence -- Conclusion -- Specific Glossary
ISBN:9783319460406
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , History, Ancient , Ontology , Philosophy and science , Anthropology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Anthropology , Ontology , Ancient History
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Call number:9783319445182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Charles Olivier and the Rise of Meteor Science
Author(s): Richard Taibi
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXXII, 497 p. 29 illus., 1 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Chapter 1:Fortunes of War and Peace -- Chapter 2: Virginia's Astronomer -- Chapter 3: Young Charles -- Chapter 4: The1800 Leonids -- Chapter 5: Portrait of the Young Man as an Astronomer -- Chapter 6: Sojourn at Lick Observatory --
Chapter 7: Doctor of Philosophy -- Chapter 8: Starting Out -- Chapter 9: Friends at McCormick Observaotry -- Chapter 10: Society for Practical Astronomy -- Chapter 11: American Astronomical Society -- Chapter 12: American Association
of Variable Star Observers.-Chapter 13: The Weather Bureau -- Chapter 14: Hydrographic Office of the US Navy -- Chapter 15: New Members Join the American Meteor Society, 1915 to 1918 -- Chapter 16: Membership Roster 1915-1918.-Chapter
17: Outcomes of Olivier's Membership Efforts, 1911 to 1918 -- Chapter 18: Trans-Atlantic Controversy -- Chapter 19: W. F. Denning, A. S. Herschel, and Stationary Radiants -- Chapter 20: The First Assignment: Discredit Stationary
Radiants -- Chapter 21: Top Achievers 1914-1925 -- Chapter 22: Challenges for Olivier and the American Meteor Society -- Chapter 23: The Rise of Astrophysics -- Chapter 24: Membership roster 1919-1929 -- Chapter 25: Advances Made by
the American Meteor Society 1919-1929 -- Chapter 26: The Best of Times During the Worst of Times -- Chapter 27: The Man at Mid-Life -- Chapter 28: The Astronomer at Mid-Life -- Chapter 29: Organizing Observatory Staff for the Leonids
-- Chapter 29: Organizing Observatory stff for the Leonids -- Chapter 30: Membership Roster 1930-1936 -- Chapter 31: How the Meteor Quest Was Won -- Chapter 32: What the AMS Accomplished -- Chapter 33: Citizen Scientists Caught Meteor
Fever -- Chapter 34: Contemporary Meteor Organizations in the United States -- Chapter 35: Outside the USA: A Survey of Meteor Astronomers and Organizations -- Chapter 36: Summing Up: Olivier at Mid-Life -- Chapter 37: Who Were These
Men and Women? Appendices -- Index
ISBN:9783319445182
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , History , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , History of Science
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Call number:9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.)
Contents:Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre­-Philosophical Period by Michael
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan --
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C.
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems:
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. <
ISBN:9783319444185
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics
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Call number:9783319437606:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Information and Interaction Eddington, Wheeler, and the Limits of Knowledge
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 212 p. 22 illus., 11 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Boundaries of Scientific Thought (I. Durham) -- Eddington’s Limits of Knowledge: The Role of Religion (M. Stanley) -- Eddington's Dream: A Failed Theory of Everything (H. Kragh) -- All Possible Perspectives: A (Partial) Defence of
Eddington's Physics (D. Rickles) -- Tracing the Arrows of Time (F. Weinert) -- Constructor Theory of Information (C. Marletto) -- On Participatory Realism (C. A. Fuchs) -- Toward Physical Realizations of Thermodynamic Resource Theories
(N. Y. Halpern) -- Merging Contradictory Laws: Imagining a Contructive Derivation of Quantum Theory (W. K. Wootters) -- Understanding the Electron (K. H. Knuth)
ISBN:9783319437606
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Quantum Computing , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:9783319426051:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pseudoscience and Science Fiction
Author(s): Andrew May
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (X, 181 p. 45 illus., 28 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Charles Fort and the Forteans -- Anomalous Phenomena -- High-Tech Paranoia -- Flying Saucers -- Mind Power -- Space Drives and Anti-Gravity -- Technology of the Ancients -- Conspiracy Theories
ISBN:9783319426051
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Popular works , Fiction , Philosophy of nature , Astronomy , Physics , Popular Science , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Science in Astronomy , Fiction , Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary , Philosophy of Nature
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Call number:9783319389875:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum [Un]Speakables II Half a Century of Bell's Theorem
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 533 p. 200 illus., 87 illus. in color p.)
Contents:John Stewart Bell - The Man (M. Bell, A. Whitaker, R. A. Bertlmann) -- Bell's Theorem - Fundamental Issues (D. Mermin, C. Brukner, H. Wiseman, J. Bub, T. Rudolph, V. Scarani, M. Zukowski) -- Contextuality (A. Cabello, S. B. Kochen) --
Bell Inequalities - Theory (D. Bruß, L. Hardy, J.-A. Larsson, B. Hiesmayr) -- Quantum Topics (A. Acin, N. Gisin, D. Greenberger, M. Horne, V. Scarani) -- Entanglement Features (O. Gühne, B. Kraus) -- Neutron Interferometry (H. Rauch,
Y. Hasegawa) -- Bell Inequalities - Experiment (P. Kwiat, G. Weihs, J.-W. Pan, J. F. Clauser, M. Giustina, A. Zeilinger)
ISBN:9783319389875
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum computers , Quantum physics , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Quantum Computing , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:9781108164290:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Philosophy and Climate Science [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eric Winsberg
Date:2018
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Size:1 electronic resource (270 pages)
ISBN:9781108164290
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662486382:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bayesians Versus Frequentists A Philosophical Debate on Statistical Reasoning
Author(s): Jordi Vallverdú
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (110 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48638-2
Contents:Some Questions to Begin with -- Ancient Statistics History in a Nutshell -- The Bayesian Approach and its Evolution until the Beginning of 20th Century -- A Conceptual Reply to Reverend Bayes: the Frequentist Approach -- The Co-evolution, Battles a nd Fights of Both Paradigms -- The Birth of Multicausality as the Death of Causality and Their Statistical Corollaries.- Natural vs. Artificial Minds and the Supercomputing Era -- And the Winner is... -- References
ISBN:9783662486382
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Philosophy , History , Philosophy and science , Mathematics , Statistics , Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History of Mathematical Sciences , History of Science , Statistical Theory and Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319397566:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Uncertainty The Soul of Modeling, Probability & Statistics
Author(s): William Briggs
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (258 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39756-6
Contents:Truth, Argument, Realism -- Logic -- Induction and Intellection -- What Probability Is -- What Probability Is Not -- Chance and Randomness -- Causality -- Probability Models -- Statistical and Physical Models -- Modelling Goals, Strategies, and Mis takes
ISBN:9783319397566
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Epistemology , Logic , Mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Philosophy of Mathematics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Epistemology , Logic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319394213:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Survival under Uncertainty An Introduction to Probability Models of Social Structure and Evolution
Author(s): Dimitri Volchenkov
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (44 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-39421-3
Contents:Introduction -- Subsistence in Uncertainty -- Time and Institutions -- Inequality and the Laws of supply and demand -- Decision making under uncertainty -- Capitalization of uncertainty: stochastic theory of advantage -- Doubly
stochastic branching process as a model of natural selection -- Human history as a stochastic process -- The stochastic model of social conformity and political instability -- Random walks over political regimes : History seems to
never end -- Urbanization failure and a fission chain reaction of states
ISBN:9783319394213
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and social sciences , Sociophysics , Econophysics , Science , Complexity, Computational , Social structure , Social inequality , Physics , Socio- and Econophysics, Population and Evolutionary Models , Social Structure, Social Inequality , Philosophy of the Social Sciences , Societal Aspects of Physics , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319317083:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Demons of Science What They Can and Cannot Tell Us About Our World
Author(s): Friedel Weinert
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (8 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31708-3
Contents:I. Thought Experiments: Thought Experiments in Ancient Greece -- What Thought Experiments Represent -- Models and Thought Experiments -- The Function of Thought Experiments -- What Thought Experiments Tell Us and Don’t Tell Us About
the World -- Enter the Demons -- II. Laplace's Demon: Laplace’s Demon: Causal and Predictive Determinism -- Causality, Determinism and the Block Universe -- The Time-Reversal Invariance of Fundamental Laws -- Determinism and Its
Implications -- Determinism and Free Will -- What Laplace's Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the World -- III. Maxwell's Demon: Local and Cosmic Arrows of Time -- Maxwell’s Demon -- Loschmidt’s Demon: Reversibility and
Irreversibility -- Indeterminism -- Indeterminism and Free Will -- Entropy -- The Past-Future Asymmetry -- What Maxwell’s Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the World -- IV. Nietzsche's Demon: The Eternal Recurrence of Events --
Landsberg’s Demon -- Physical and Phenomenal Time -- The Evolution of the Universe -- Time and Change -- Is There a Master Arrow of Time? -- What Landsberg’s Demon Tells Us and Does not Tell Us About the Arrows of Time.
ISBN:9783319317083
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Popular Science in Physics , Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319290669:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Murder on the Einstein Express and Other Stories
Author(s): Harun Šiljak
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29066-9
Contents:Preface -- Part I: The Short Stories -- Normed Trek -- The Cantor Trilogy -- In Search of Future Time -- Murder on the Einstein Express -- Part II: Afterthoughts
ISBN:9783319290669
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Popular works , Philosophy and science , Computer science , Mathematics , Physics , Popular Science , Popular Science in Mathematics , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Computer Science , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319285825:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematical Cultures The London Meetings 2012-2014
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (24 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28582-5
Contents:Introduction -- Understanding the cultural construction of school mathematics -- Envisioning Transformations – The Practice of Topology -- Creative Discomfort: The Culture of the Gelfand Seminar at Moscow University -- Mathematical Culture and Mat hematics Education in Hungary in the XXth Century -- On the Emergence of a New Mathematical Object: an Ethnography of a Duality Transform -- What are we like… -- Mathematics as a social differentiating factor: men of letters, politicians and engineers i n Brazil through the Nineteenth Century -- “The End of Proof”? The integration of different mathematical cultures as experimental mathematics comes of age -- Diversity in Proof Appraisal -- What would the mathematics curriculum look like if instead of concepts and techniques, values were the focus? -- Mathematics and Values -- Purity as a Value in the German-speaking area -- Values in Caring for Proof -- An empirical approach to the mathematical values of problem choice and argumentation -- The
Notion of Fit as a Mathematical Value -- Mathematical Pull -- Mathematics and First Nations in Western Canada: from cultural destruction to a re-awakening of mathematical reflections -- Remunerative Combinatorics: Mathematicians and their Sponsors i n the Mid-Twentieth Century -- Calling a Spade a Spade: Mathematics in the New Pattern of Division of Labour -- Mathematics and mathematical cultures in fiction: the case of Catherine Shaw -- Morality and Mathematics -- The Great Gibberish - Mathematics i n Western Popular Culture -- Is Mathematics an issue of general education?
ISBN:9783319285825
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Philosophy and science , History , Mathematics , Mathematics , History of Mathematical Sciences , Mathematics Education , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319284125:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics
Author(s): Allan Franklin
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (4 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28412-5
Contents:Preface -- Part I The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force -- Part II Additional Material -- References -- Index
ISBN:9783319284125
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Gravitation , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319274959:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Trick or Truth? The Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (8 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-27495-9
Contents:Introduction -- Children of the cosmos (S. Wenmackers) -- Mathematics is Physics (M. S. Leifer) -- My god, it's full of clones: Living in a mathematical universe (M. Séguin) -- Let's consider two spherical chickens (T. Bolognesi) --
The raven and the writing desk (I. Durham) -- The deeper roles of mathematics in physical laws (K. H. Knuth) -- How mathematics meets the world (T. Maudlin) -- Mathematics: intuition's consistency check (K. Wharton) -- How not to
factor a miracle (D. K. Wise) -- The language of nature (D. Garfinkle) -- Demystifying the applicability of mathematics (N. Fillion) -- Why mathematics works so well (N. S. Yanofsky) -- Genesis of a pythagorean universe (A. Burov) --
Beyond math (S. Magnusdottir) -- The descent of math (S. I. Walker) -- The ultimate tactics of self-referential systems (C. C. Dantas) -- Cognitive science and the connection between physics and mathematics (A. Gupta Mujumdar) -- A
metaphorical chart of our mathematical ontology (P. Gibbs).-And the math will set you free (C. Stoica) -- Appendix: List of winners
ISBN:9783319274959
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Mathematical physics , Mathematical logic , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Mathematical Logic and Foundations
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319258898:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Making Sense of Quantum Mechanics
Author(s): Jean Bricmont
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (25 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25889-8
Contents:Physicists in Wonderland -- The First Mystery: Interference and Superpositions -- “Philosophical” Intermezzo -- The Second Mystery: Nonlocality -- The de Broglie-Bohm Theory -- Are There any Alternative Theories? -- Revisiting the
History of Quantum Mechanics -- Quantum Mechanics and Our Culture
ISBN:9783319258898
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Quantum physics , Physics , Quantum Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319218281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta
Author(s): Kerry Kuehn
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (463 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21828-1
Contents:A New Science of Heat -- Heat, Symmetry and Mathematics -- Steam Engines and Heat Flow -- Carnot's Cycle -- Engines are Thermometers -- Temperature, Pressure and Reversibility -- The Language of Science -- Energy and Entropy --
Conduction of Heat -- On Radiation -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory 2 -- Dynamical and Statistical Laws -- The Discovery of the Electron -- The Mass and Velocity of a-particles -- Identifying the a Particle
-- Targeting the Nucleus -- Nuclear Structure -- The Discovery of the Neutron -- The Nature of the Neutron -- Corpuscles of Light -- X-Ray Optics 1 -- X-Ray Optics 2 -- Electron diffraction 1 -- Electron diffraction 2 -- The Bohr model
of the atom -- Atomic spectra -- The periodic table -- The Birth of the Quantum -- Matter Waves -- Quantum Orthodoxy -- Causality and Chance in Quantum Theory -- Indeterminacy -- Bohm's critique of Copenhagen
ISBN:9783319218281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Science education , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Science Education , Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319218168:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume III: Electricity, Magnetism and Light
Author(s): Kerry Kuehn
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (5 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21816-8
Contents:From the Contents: Iron, Loadstones and Terrestrial Magnetism -- The Life and Death of a Magnet -- Conservation of Electrical Charge -- Muschenbroek's Wonderful Bottle -- Thunder and Lightning -- Coulomb's Law -- The Dawn of
Electro-Magnetism -- Electric Currents, Magnetic Forces -- Work and Weight -- Kinetic and Potential Energy -- Conservation of Energy
ISBN:9783319218168
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Atoms , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319207179:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:How Should Humanity Steer the Future?
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (175 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20717-9
Contents:Introduction (A. Aguirre, B. Foster, Z. Merali) -- How to save the world (S. Hossenfelder) -- Humanity is much more than the sum of humans (T. Bolognesi) -- Crucial Phenomena (D. Dewey).- The Leverage and Centrality of Mind (P. Estep
III, A. Hoekstra) -- A Participatory Future of Humanity (D. Rickles).- The Cartography of the Future: Recovering Utopia for the 21st Century (R. Searle).-Enlightenment is not for the Buddha alone (T. Singh).- Back to the Future:
Crowdsourcing Innovation by Refocusing Science Education (T. Norsen).- Recognizing the Value of Play (J. Dickau).- Improving Science for a Better Future (M. Khalil) -- How to avoid steering blindly: The case for a robust repository of
human knowledge (J. Niemeyer) -- The Tip of the Spear (G. Gantz) -- U-turn or u die (F. Mercati) -- Smooth seas do not make good sailors (G. Parry)
ISBN:9783319207179
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy , Science , Education , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Philosophy of Technology , Popular Science in Education
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400775480:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advances in Natural Deduction [electronic resource] : A Celebration of Dag Prawitz's Work
Author(s): Luiz Carlos Pereira
Edward Hermann Haeusler
Valeria de Paiva
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This collection of papers celebrating the contributions of Swedish logician Dag Prawitz to Proof Theory, has been assembled from those presented at the Natural Deduction conference organized in Rio de Janeiro to honour hisseminal research. Dag Prawit zs work forms the basis of intuitionistic type theory and his inversion principle constitutes the foundation of most modern accounts of proof-theoretic semantics in Logic, Linguistics andTheoretical Computer Science. The range of contributions includes ma terial on the extension of natural deduction with higher-order rules, as opposed to higher-order connectives, and a paper discussing the application of naturaldeduction rules to dealing with equality in predicate calculus. The volume continues with a key chapter summarizing work on the extension of the Curry-Howard isomorphism (itself a by-product of the work on natural deduction), viamethods of category theory that have been successfully applied to linear logic, as well as many other contributions from h ighly regarded authorities. With an illustrious group of contributors addressing a wealth of topics andapplications, this volume is a valuable addition to the libraries of academics in the multiple disciplines whose development has been given added scope by the methodologies supplied by natural deduction. The volume is representative ofthe rich and varied directions that Prawitz work has inspired in the area of natural deduction.
Contents:Chapter 1. Generalizaed elimination inferences Schroeder
Heister, Peter
Chapter 2. Revisiting Zucker's work on the Correspondence between Cut
Elimination and Normalisation Urban, Christian
Chapter 3. Proofs, Reasoning and the Metamorphosis of Logic Joinet, Jean
Baptiste
Chapter 4. Natural Deduction for Equality: The Missing Entity de Quieroz, Ruy J.G.B. and de Oliveira, Anjolina G
Chapter 5. Proof
theoretical Conception of Logic Legris, Javier
Chapter 6. On the Structure of Natural deduction Derivations for Generally Vana, Leonardo B., Veloso, Paulo A.S. , and Veloso, Sh
ISBN:9789400775480
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v39
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Logic , Computer science , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642550904:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Weight of the Vacuum [electronic resource] : A Scientific History of Dark Energy
Author(s): Helge S Kragh
James M Overduin
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the discovery of cosmic acceleration due to dark energy, a discovery that is all the more perplexing as nobody knows what dark energy actually is. We put the modern concept ofcosmological vacuum energy into historical context and show how it grew out of disparate roots in quantum mechanics (zero-point energy) and relativity theory (the cosmological constant, Einstein's greatest blunder). These twoinfluences have remained strangely aloof and still co-exi st in an uneasy alliance that is at the heart of the greatest crisis in theoretical physics, the cosmological-constant problem
Contents:Early ideas of space and vacuum
The active ether
Plancks second quantum theory
Half
quanta and zero
point energy
Nernsts cosmic quantum ether
The Hamburg connection
The cosmological constant
From Casimir to Zeldovich
Inflation and the false vacuum
Variable cosmological constants and quintessence
How heavy is the vacuum?
The accelerating universe
ISBN:9783642550904
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642451287:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Brief History of String Theory [electronic resource] : From Dual Models to M-Theory
Author(s): Dean Rickles
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:During its forty year lifespan, string theory has always had the power to divide, being called both a 'theory of everything' and a 'theory of nothing'. Critics have even questioned whether it qualifies as a scientific theory atall. This book adopts a n objective stance, standing back from the question of the truthor falsity of string theory and instead focusing on how it came to be and how it came to occupy its present position in physics. An unexpectedlyrich history is revealed, with deep connections to our most well-established physical theories. Fully self-contained and written in a lively fashion, the book will appeal to a wide variety of readers from novice to specialist
Contents:History and Mythology
Part I: The (Very) Early Years: 1959
1973
Particle Physics in the Sixties
The Veneziano Model
The Hadronic String
Supersymmetric Strings and Field Theoretic Limits
Part II: A Decade of Darkness: 1974
1984
An Early Demise? Theoretical Exaptation in String Theory
Turning Point(s)
Part III: String Theory Becomes Super: 1985
1995
Superstring Theory and the Real World
A 'Second Superstring Revolution' and the Future of String Theory
ISBN:9783642451287
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642409165:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Dynamics of a Particle in a Tracking Chamber [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rodolfo Figari
Alessandro Teta
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In the original formulation of quantum mechanics the existence of a precise border between a microscopic world, governed by quantum mechanics, and a macroscopic world, described by classical mechanics was assumed. Moderntheoretical and experimental p hysics has moved that border several times, carefully investigating its definition and making available to observation larger and larger quantum systems. The presentbook examines a paradigmatic case ofthe transition from quantum to classical behavior:A qu antum particle is revealed in a trackingchamber as a trajectory obeying the laws of classical mechanics. The authorsprovide herea purely quantum-mechanical descriptionofthis behavior, thus helping to illuminate the nature of the border between the quantum and the classical
Contents:Preface
Tracks in the cloud chamber
A time
dependent analysis of Mott's model
Modelingatoms as multi
channel point interactions
Concluding remarks
Appendix
ISBN:9783642409165
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642376290:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Objects [electronic resource] : Non-Local Correlation, Causality and Objective Indefiniteness in the Quantum World
Author(s): Gregg Jaeger
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph identifiesthe essential characteristics of the objects described by current quantum theoryand considers their relationship to space-time.In the process, it explicates the senses in which quantum objects may beconsistently considered to have parts of which they may be composed or into which they may be decomposed. The book also demonstrates the degree to which reduction is possible in quantum mechanics, showing it to be related to theobjective indefiniteness of quantum properties and th e strong non-local correlations that can occur betweenthephysical quantities of quantum subsystems. Careful attention is paid to the relationships among such propertycorrelations, physical causation, probability, and symmetry in quantum theory. In this wa y, the text identifies and clarifies the conceptual grounds underlying the unique nature of many quantum phenomena
Contents:Non
locality, Communication, and Entanglement
Einstein locality
Bell locality
Communication
Non
locality
Entanglement
Causation, Imprecision, and Indefiniteness
Probability
Causation
Indeterminacy
Imprecision
Indefiniteness
Individuals, Parts, and Wholes
Potentiality
Discernibility
Individuation
Persistence
Parts and wholes
ISBN:9783642376290
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v175
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319063614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reductionism, Emergence and Levels of Reality [electronic resource] : The Importance of Being Borderline
Author(s): Sergio Chibbaro
Lamberto Rondoni
Angelo Vulpiani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Scientists have always attempted to explain the world in terms of a few unifying principles. In the fifth century B.C. Democritus boldly claimed that reality is simply a collection of indivisible and eternal parts or atoms. Overthe centuries his doct rine has remained a landmark, and much progress in physics is due to its distinction between subjective perception and objective reality. This book discusses theory reduction in physics, which states that thewhole is nothing more than the sum of its parts : the properties of things are directly determined by their constituent parts. Reductionism deals with the relation between different theories that address different levels of reality, anduses extrapolations to apply that relation in different sciences. R eality shows a complex structure of connections, and the dream of a unified interpretation of all phenomena in several simple laws continues to attract anyone withgenuine philosophical and scientific interests. If the most radical reductionist point of vi ew is correct, the relationship between disciplines is strictly inclusive: chemistry becomes physics, biology becomes chemistry, and so on.Eventually, only one science, indeed just a single theory, would survive, with all others merging in the Theory of E verything. Is the current coexistence of different sciences a mere historical venture which will end when the Theory ofEverything has been established? Can there be a unified description of nature? Rather than an analysis of full reductionism, this book f ocuses on aspects of theory reduction in physics and stimulates reflection on related questions:is there any evidence of actual reduction? Are the examples used in the philosophy of science too simplistic? What has been endangered by the search for (the) ultimate truth? Has the dream of reductionist reason created any monsters?Is big science one such monster? What is the point of embedding science Y within science X, if predictions cannot be made on t
Contents:Preface
A Galilean Dialogue
A random journey
History
Reductionism: the philosophical point of view
Reduction in physics and philosophy
Emergence
A first attempt to tame complexity
A short history of statistical mechanics
Towards a systematic theory
The paradigmatic Brownian motion
Critical Phenomena
Discussion
From microscopic to macroscopic realities
The problem of irreversibility
Irreversibility and emergence
From microscopic to macroscopic equations
From atoms to cold fronts
Concluding remarks
Determinism, chaos and reductionism
Ge
ISBN:9783319063614
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319059662:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Euclid Vindicated from Every Blemish [electronic resource] : Edited and Annotated by Vincenzo De Risi. Translated by G.B. Halsted and L. Allegri
Author(s): Gerolamo Saccheri
Vincenzo Risi
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This first complete English language edition of Euclides vindicatus presents a corrected and revised edition of the classical English translation of Saccheri's text by G.B. Halsted. It is complemented with a historicalintroduction on the geometrical environment of the time and a detailed commentary that helps to understand the aims and subtleties of the work. Euclides vindicatus, written by the Jesuit mathematician Gerolamo Saccheri, was publishedin Milan in 1733. In it, Saccheri attempted to reform elementary geometry in two important directions: a demonstration of the famous Parallel Postulate, and the theory of proportions. Both topics were of pivotal importance in themathematics of the time. In particular, the Parallel Postulate had escaped demon stration since the first attempts at it in the Classical Age, and several books on the topic were published in the Early Modern Age. At the same time, thetheory of proportion was the most important mathematical tool of the Galilean School in its pursuit o f the mathematization of nature. Saccheri's attempt to prove the Parallel Postulate is today considered the most importantbreakthrough in geometry in the 18th century, as he was able to develop for hundreds of pages and dozens of theorems a system in geom etry that denied the truth of the postulate (in the attempt to find a contradiction). This can beregarded as the first system of non-Euclidean geometry. Its later developments by Lambert, Bolyai, Lobachevsky and Gauss eventually opened the way to contempo rary geometry. Occupying a unique position in the literature of mathematicalhistory, Euclid Vindicated from Every Blemish will be of high interest to historians of mathematics as well as historians of philosophy interested in the development of non-Euclid ean geometries
Contents:Foreword
Introduction
Euclides Vindicatus (original Latin text)
Euclid vindicated (English translation)
Notes
Bibliography
Appendices
Index of names
ISBN:9783319059662
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Classic Texts in the Sciences : v1
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319050621:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Beginning and the End [electronic resource] : The Meaning of Life in a Cosmological Perspective
Author(s): Clment Vidal
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In this fascinating journey to the edge of science, Vidal takes on big philosophical questions: Does our universe have a beginning and an end, or is it cyclic? Are we alone in the universe? What is the role of intelligent life, ifany, in cosmic evolu tion? Grounded in science and committed to philosophical rigor, this book presents an evolutionary worldview where the rise of intelligent life is not an accident, but may well be the key to unlocking the universe'sdeepest mysteries. Vidal shows how the f ine-tuning controversy can be advanced with computer simulations. He also explores whether natural or artificial selection could hold on a cosmic scale. In perhaps his boldest hypothesis, heargues that signs of advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are already present in our astrophysical data. His conclusions invite us to see the meaning of life, evolution, and intelligence from a novel cosmological framework thatshould stir debate for years to come
Contents:Part IOverview of Worldviews
The Six Dimensions of Philosophy
Criteria for Worldview Comparison
Religious, Scientific and Philosophical Worldviews
Part II The Beginning of the Universe
Origins of the Origin
Capturing Free Parameters
The Fine
Tuning Conjecture
Part III Our Future in the Universe
The Future of Scientific Simulations
Cosmological Selections
High Energy Astrobiology
Cosmological Ethics and Immortality
Appendix I: A Cosmic Evolutionary Worldview
Appendix II: Argumentative Maps
ISBN:9783319050621
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Genetic epistemology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319021119:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Art of Science [electronic resource] : From Perspective Drawing to Quantum Randomness
Author(s): Rossella Lupacchini
Annarita Angelini
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Like linear perspective, complex numbers and probability are notable discoveries of the Renaissance. History has been quick to recognize the crucial impact of linear perspective on painting, but reluctant to acknowledge theimportance of complex numbe rs and probability. Both were treated with a great deal of suspicion by the scientific establishment and overlooked for many years. It was only in the twentieth century, when quantum theory defined the notionof complex probability amplitude, that complex numbers merged with probability and transformed the image of the physical world. From a theoretical point of view, however, the space opened to painting by linear perspective and thespace opened to science by complex numbers are equally valuable and share significant characteristics. By exploring that common ground, The Art of Science will lead the reader to complement Leonardos vision of painting as a scienceand to see science as an art. Its aim is to restore a visual dimension to mathematical sciences an element dulled, if not obscured, by historians, philosophers, and scientists themselves
Contents:From Perspective Drawing to the Eighth Dimension
Seeing Reality in Perspective: The Art of Optics and the Science of Painting
The Role of Perspective in the Transformation of European Culture
Visual DifferentialGeometry and Beltramis Hyperbolic Plane
All Done by Mirrors: Symmetries, Quaternions, Spinors, and Clifford Algebras
Artists & Gamblers on the Way to Quantum Physics
Radices Sophisticae, Racines Imaginaires: The Origins of Complex Numbers in the Late Renaissance
Random, Complex, and Quantum
ISBN:9783319021119
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science Philosophy , Quantum theory , Humanities
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319019611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Alien Encounter [electronic resource] : A Scientific Novel
Author(s): Dirk Schulze-Makuch
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:It has been nearly 100 years since the Apollo moon landings, when Jack and Vladimir, two astronauts on a mission to Venus, discover a mysterious void related to indigenous life on the planet. Subsequently more voids are detectedon Earth, Mars, Titan, and, quite ominously, inside a planetoid emerging from the Kuiper belt. Jack is sent to investigate the voids in the Solar System and intercept the planetoid - which, as becomes increasingly clear, is inhabitedby alien life forms. Jack and his crew will have little time to understand their alien biochemistry, abilities, behavior patterns, resilience, and technology, but also how these life forms relate to the voids. Humankind's firstencounter with these exotic life forms couldn't be more fateful, becomin g a race against time to save life on Earth and to reveal the true nature of the voids, which seem to be intrinsically related to life and the universe itself. Inthis novel, the author combines many topics related to state-of-the-art research in the field of astrobiology with fictional elements to produce a thrilling page turner. This new version significantly develops the astrobiologicaldenouement of the plot and features an extensive non-technical appendix where the underlying science is presented and d iscussed. From the reviews of the first edition (Voids of Eternity: Alien Encounter) Here's a thrilling yarn inthe best hard SF tradition of Asimov, James Hogan, and Ben Bova, written by a scientist who knows all about the possibilities of life in the so lar system and beyond. Dirk Schulze-Makuch weaves into his book all the astrobiologicalthemes he's worked on in recent years -- speculation about creatures in the atmosphere of Venus and on and under the surface of Mars and Titan -- together with some wel l-informed Eastern philosophy and a cracking good space battle. Agreat first novel from a rising talent. Highly recommended. David Darling, on amazon.com, 2009 The research interests of Dr. Schulz
Contents:Part I: The Novel
Alien Encounter
Part II: The Science Behind the Fiction
ISBN:9783319019611
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics , Astrobiology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319018874:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Essays on the Frontiers of Modern Astrophysics and Cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Santhosh Mathew
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a collection of engaging and intriguing essays that describe an intellectual journey from the beginning to the end of universe. It is the product of an ongoing effort to know our place in the universe and share withreaders the underpinni ngs of the magnificent cosmos where we are given a chance to exist only very briefly. The essays incorporate a group of challenging ideas that modern physics and cosmology are struggling to understand, in a uniqueway that incorporates mythological, religi ous, and philosophical perspectives. The author relies on a simple and powerful philosophy that we are part of the universe and the universe is part of us. This wonderful collection ofessays provides a journey through the current frontiers of modern astr ophysics and cosmology. Its depiction of the most important unsolved mysteries about our place in the Universe is peppered with original insights and philosophicalperspectives, making it an intellectual treat. Avi Loeb, Professor, Harvard University Chai r, Astronomy Department Director, Institute for Theory and Computation In these essays, Santhosh Mathew combines an impressive knowledgeof physics with an eye to its connection to Eastern philosophy as well as its relevance to our life in modern times. I n his thoughtful investigation of natural phenomena and their relationship to universal philosophical truths, hetakes up where The Tao of Physics leaves off. You may well find his keen curiosity about the natural world and our place in it infectious. Car ole Bugge (C. E. Lawrence), author of Strings In this informative assemblage ofengaging essays Santhosh Mathew takes the reader on a deeply human quest for truth, a truly inspiring journey that boldly addresses the big questions of what the Universe is, how it came into being, and where it may be heading. Thisexciting adventure is as much a rich scientific history of elegant physics, mathematics, and cosmology as it is a philosophical and
Contents:Genesis of Genesis
Parallel Universes
Once Upon a Time There Was No Time or Space
Whats the Matter with Anti
matter?
Playing with Light
Dark forces in the Universe
Is This Universe Infinite?
Holographic Universe Ultimate Illusion
Mind Over Matter
The Spooky World of Quantum Entanglement
Hadron Collider Passport to the Universe
Theory of Everything
Are We Alone?
The End of Everything
ISBN:9783319018874
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319015958:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Analysis, Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery [electronic resource]
Author(s): Myra Spiliopoulou
Lars Schmidt-Thieme
Ruth Janning
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Data analysis, machine learning and knowledge discovery are research areas at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics and statistics. They cover general methods and techniques that can be appliedto a vast set of app lications such as web and text mining, marketing, medicine, bioinformatics and business intelligence. This volume contains the revised versions of selected papers in the field of data analysis, machine learning andknowledge discovery presented during the 36th annual conference of the German Classification Society (GfKl). The conference was held at the University of Hildesheim (Germany) in August 2012
Contents:AREA Statistics and Data Analysis: Classifcation, Cluster Analysis, Factor Analysis and Model Selection
AREA Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery: Clustering, Classifiers, Streams and Social Networks
AREA Data Analysis and Classification in Marketing
AREA Data Analysis in Finance
AREA Data Analysis in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
AREA Interdisciplinary Domains: Data Analysis in Music, Education and Psychology
LIS Workshop: Workshop on Classification and Subject Indexing in Library and Information Science
ISBN:9783319015958
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization, 1431-8814
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Marketing , Philosophy (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319007922:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Adaptive Logics for Defeasible Reasoning [electronic resource] : Applications in Argumentation, Normative Reasoning and Default Reasoning
Author(s): Christian Straer
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents adaptive logics as an intuitive and powerful framework for modeling defeasible reasoning. It examines various contexts in which defeasible reasoning is useful and offers a compact introduction into adaptivelogics. The author first familiarizes readers with defeasible reasoning, the adaptive logics framework, combinations of adaptive logics, and a range of useful meta-theoretic properties. He then offers a systematic study of adaptivelogics based on various applications. The book pr esents formal models for defeasible reasoning stemming from different contexts, such as default reasoning, argumentation, and normative reasoning. It highlights various meta-theoreticadvantages of adaptive logics over other logics or logical frameworks th at model defeasible reasoning. In this way the book substantiates the status of adaptive logics as a generic formal framework for defeasible reasoning
Contents:Chapter 1. Introduction
Part I. Adaptive Logics as a Framework for Defeasible Logics
Chapter 2 The Standard Format of Adaptive Logics
Chapter 3. Sequential Combinations of ALs
Chapter 4. On the Transparency of Defeasible Logics: Equivalent Premise Sets, Equivalence of Their Extensions, and Maximality of the Lower Limit
Chapter 5. Generalizing the Standard Format
Part II. Conditional Logics of Normality
Chapter 6. Adaptively Applying Modus Ponens in Conditional Logics of Normality
Chapter 7. An Adaptive Logic for Rational Closure
Part III. Argumentation Theory
Chap
ISBN:9783319007922
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v38
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Logic , Science Philosophy , Artificial intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319005720:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam [electronic resource] : Research, Teaching, Life
Author(s): Alexander Pechenkin
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This biography of the famous Soviet physicist Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam (1889-1944), who became a Professor at Moscow State University in 1925, describes his contributions to both physics and technology, as well as discussingthe scientific communi ty which formed around him, usually called the Mandelstam school. Mandelstams life story is thereby placed in its proper cultural context. The following more general issues are taken under consideration: theimpact of German scientific culture on Russian s cience the problems and fates of Russian intellectuals during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary years the formation of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and transformation of thesystem of higher education in the USSR during the 1920's and 1930's.The a uthor shows that Mandelstams fundamental writings and his lectures notes allow to reconstruct his philosophy of science and his approach to the social andethical functions of science and science education. That reconstruction is enhanced through extensive use of hitherto unpublished archival material as well as the transcripts of personal interviews conducted by the author
Contents:Foreword by E.P.Velikhov
Introduction
Youth and Strasbourg years
The Strasbourg years: radio engineering
The Strasbourg years: optics
The years of traveling (1914
1925)
Moscow State University (1925
1935)
Research in optics (Odessa Moscow)
The Mandelstam school: the early steps and results
The Mandelstams school: the theory of non
linear oscillations
Moscow State University and the Academy of Sciences
Borovoe and the last year in Moscow
The Mandelstam operationalism
The Mandelstam interpretation of quantum mechanics 1930
1940
ISBN:9783319005720
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Study and teaching , Quantum theory , Life sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319004822:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Leniewski's Systems of Logic and Foundations of Mathematics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Rafal Urbaniak
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This meticulous critical assessment of the ground-breaking work of philosopher Stanislaw Leniewski focuses exclusively on primary texts and explores the full range of output by one of the master logicians of the Lvov-Warsawschool. The authors nuanced survey eschews secondary commentary, analyzing Leniewski's core philosophical views and evaluating the formulations that were to have such a profound influence on the evolution of mathematical logic. One of the undisputed leaders of the cohort of brillia nt logicians that congregated in Poland in the early twentieth century, Leniewski was a guide and mentor to a generation of celebrated analytical philosophers (Alfred Tarski washis PhD student). His primary achievement was a system of foundational mathema tical logic intended as an alternative to the Principia Mathematica of Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell. Its three strandsprotothetic,ontology, and mereology, are detailed in discrete sections of this volume, alongside a wealth other chapters g rouped to provide the fullest possible coverage of Leniewskis academic output. With material on his earlyphilosophical views, his contributions to set theory and his work on nominalism and higher-order quantification, this book offers a uniquely expansive critical commentary on one of analytical philosophys great pioneers
Contents:Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2. Leniewski's early philosophical views
Chapter 3. Leniewski's Protothetic
Chapter 4. Leniewski's Ontology
Chapter 5. Leniewski's Mereology
Chapter 6. Leniewski and definitions
Chapter 7. Sets revisited
Chapter 8. Nominalism and higher
order quantification
ISBN:9783319004822
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v37
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Logic , Science Philosophy , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493906185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Holy Sci-Fi! [electronic resource] : Where Science Fiction and Religion Intersect
Author(s): Paul J Nahin
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Can a computer have a soul? Are religion and science mutually exclusive?Is there really such a thing as free will?If you could time travel to visit Jesus, would you (and should you)?For hundreds of years, philosophers,scientists, and science fiction writers have pondered these questions and many more. In Holy Sci-Fi!, popular writer Paul Nahin explores the fertile and sometimes uneasy relationship between science fiction and religion. With a scopespanning the history of religion, philosophy, and lite rature, Nahin follows religious themes in science fiction from Feynman to Foucault, and from Asimov to Aristotle. An intriguing journey through popular and well-loved books andstories, Holy Sci-Fi! shows how sci-fi has informed humanity's attitudes toward s our faiths, our future, and ourselves
Contents:1. Introduction
Authors Note One
God and Skepticism
God, Fantasy, and Science Fiction
God and Science
Authors Note Two
2. Religious Science Fiction Before Science Fiction
The 'Start' of Modern SF
Before the 'Start' of SF
Early Theological SF
Theological Maturity
3. Time, Space, God's Omniscience, and Free Will
What is Time?
Time in SF and Theology
The Four
Dimensional World
The Block Universe
God's Omniscience in Theology and SF
4. Religious Robots
Alan Turing, Artificial Minds, and the Souls of Machines
Asimovs Robotic Laws
ISBN:9781493906185
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Philosophy , Science Philosophy , Technology Philosophy , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461489399:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Mathematical Odyssey [electronic resource] : Journey from the Real to the Complex
Author(s): Steven G Krantz
Harold R Parks
Date:2014
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Mathematics is a poem. It is a lucid, sensual, precise exposition of beautiful ideas directed to specific goals. It is worthwhile to have as broad a cross-section of mankind as possible be conversant with what goes on inmathematics. Just as everyone knows that the Internet is a powerful and important tool for communication, so everyone should know that the Poincar conjecture gives us important information about the shape of our universe. Just asevery responsible citizen realizes that the mass-product ion automobile was pioneered by Henry Ford, just so everyone should know that the P/NP problem has implications for security and data manipulation that will affect everyone. Thisbook endeavors to tell the story of the modern impact of mathematics, of its trials and triumphs and insights, in language that can be appreciated by a broad audience. It endeavors to show what mathematics means for our lives, how itimpacts all of us, and what new thoughts it should cause us to entertain. It introduces new vistas of mathematical ideas and shares the excitement of new ideas freshly minted. It discusses the significance and impact of these ideas,and gives them meaning that will travel well and cause people to reconsider their place in the universe. Mathematics is on e of mankind's oldest disciplines. Along with philosophy, it has shaped the very modus of human thought. And itcontinues to do so. To be unaware of modern mathematics is to be miss out on a large slice of life. It is to be left out of essential modern dev elopments. We want to address this point, and do something about it. This is a book to makemathematics exciting for people of all interests and all walks of life. Mathematics is exhilarating, it is ennobling, it is uplifting, and it is fascinating. We wan t to show people this part of our world, and to get them to travel newpaths
ISBN:9781461489399
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400755932:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rational Reconstructions of Modern Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter Mittelstaedt
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Newtons classical physics and its underlying ontology are loaded with several metaphysical hypotheses that cannot be justified by rational reasoning nor by experimental evidence. Furthermore, it is well known that some ofthese hypotheses are not cont ained in the great theories of Modern Physics, such as the theory of Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. This book shows that, on the basis of Newtons classical physics and by rationalreconstruction, the theory of Special Relativity as well as Quant um Mechanics can be obtained by partly eliminating or attenuating the metaphysical hypotheses. Moreover, it is shown that these reconstructions do not require additionalhypotheses or new experimental results. In the second edition the rational reconstruct ions are completed with respect to General Relativity and Cosmology. In addition, the statistics of quantum objects is elaborated in more detail withrespect to the rational reconstruction of quantum mechanics. The new material completes the approach of th e book as much as it is possible at the present state of knowledge. Presumably, the most important contribution that is added tothe second edition refers to the problem of interpretation of the three great theories of Modern Physics. It is shown in detail that in the light of rational reconstructions even realistic interpretations of the three theories ofModern Physics are possible and can easily be achieved
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Rise and Fall of Physical Theories
The Evolution of Modern Physics from the Classical World
Intuitiveness and Truth of Modern Physics
The New Approach: Reduction and Elimination of Metaphysical Hypotheses
Reconstruction of Special and General Relativity
Historical Development Versus Rational Reconstruction
Reconstruction of Special Relativity
Reconstruction of Quantum Mechanics
The Historical Development of Quantum Mechanics
The Reduction of Ontological Hypotheses
The Formal Languages of Classical Physics and of Quantum Physics
Three Constants of Nature
The
ISBN:9789400755932
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v174
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642306907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics Without Quantum Philosophy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Detlef Drr
Sheldon Goldstein
Nino Zangh
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:It has often been claimed that without drastic conceptual innovations a genuine explanation of quantum interference effects and quantum randomness is impossible. This book concerns Bohmian mechanics, a simple particle theory thatis a counterexample t o such claims. The gentle introduction and other contributions collected here show how the phenomena of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, from Heisenberg's uncertainty principle to non-commuting observables,emerge from the Bohmian motion of particles, t he natural particle motion associated with Schrdinger's equation. This book will be of value to all students and researchers in physics with an interest in the meaning of quantum theoryas well as to philosophers of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Quantum Equilibrium and the Origin of Absolute Uncertainty
Quantum Equilibrium and the Role of Operators as Observables in Quantum Theory
Quantum Philosophy: The Flight from Reason in Science
Seven Steps Towards the Classical World
On the Quantum Probability Flux Through Surfaces
On the Weak Measurement of Velocity in Bohmian Mechanics
Topological Factors Derived From Bohmian Mechanics
Hypersurface Bohm
Dirac Models
Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory
Quantum Spacetime Without Observers
Reality and the Role of the Wave Function in Quantum Theory
ISBN:9783642306907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783540708568:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ernst Zermelo - Collected Works/Gesammelte Werke II [electronic resource] : Volume II/Band II - Calculus of Variations, Applied Mathematics, and Physics/Variationsrechnung, Angewandte Mathematik und Physik
Author(s): Ernst Zermelo
Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus
Akihiro Kanamori
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540708568
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Schriften der Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften : v23
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Science History , Philosophy (General) , Computer science , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319009667:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics, Computer Science and Logic - A Never Ending Story [electronic resource] : The Bruno Buchberger Festschrift
Author(s): Peter Paule
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents four mathematical essays which explore the foundations of mathematics and related topics ranging from philosophy and logic to modern computer mathematics. While connected to the historical evolution of theseconcepts, the essays pla ce strong emphasis on developments still to come. The book originated in a 2002 symposium celebrating the work of Bruno Buchberger, Professor of Computer Mathematics at Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria,on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Among many other accomplishments, Professor Buchberger in 1985 was the founding editor of the Journal of Symbolic Computation the founder of the Research Institute for Symbolic Computation (RISC)and its chairman from 1987-2000 the founder in 1990 of the Softwar epark Hagenberg, Austria, and since then its director. More than a decade in the making, Mathematics, Computer Science and Logic - A Never Ending Story includes essaysby leading authorities, on such topics as mathematical foundations from the perspective of computer verification a symbolic-computational philosophy and methodology for mathematics the role of logic and algebra in softwareengineering and new directions in the foundations of mathematics. These inspiring essays invite general, mathematically i nterested readers to share state-of-the-art ideas which advance the never ending story of mathematics, computerscience and logic. Mathematics, Computer Science and Logic - A Never Ending Story is edited by Professor Peter Paule, Bruno Buchbergers successo r as director of the Research Institute for Symbolic Computation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Henk Barendregt: Foundations of Mathematics from the Perspective of Computer Verification
Manfred Broy: On the Role of Logic and Algebra in Software Engineering
Stephen Wolfram: New Directions in the Foundations of Mathematics (2002)
Doron Zeilberger: Towards a Symbolic Computational Philosophy (and Methodology!) for Mathematics
ISBN:9783319009667
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Software engineering , Information theory , Algorithms , Computer software , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034806091:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards a General Theory of Classifications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel Parrochia
Pierre Neuville
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is an essay on the epistemology of classifications. Its main purpose is not to provide an exposition of an actual mathematical theory of classifications, that is, a general theory which would be available to any kind ofthem: hierarchical or non-hierarchical, ordinary or fuzzy, overlapping or non-overlapping, finite or infinite, and so on, establishing a basis for all possible divisions of the real world. For the moment, such a theory remains nothingbut a dream. Instead, the authors essentia lly put forward a number of key questions. Their aim is rather to reveal the state of art of this dynamic field and the philosophy one may eventually adopt to go further. To this end theypresent some advances made in the course of the last century, discus s a few tricky problems that remain to be solved, and show the avenues open to those who no longer wish to stay on the wrong track. Researchers and professionalsinterested in the epistemology and philosophy of science, library science, logic and set theor y, order theory or cluster analysis will find this book a comprehensive, original and progressive introduction to the main questions in thisfield
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
1 Philosophical problems
2 Information data structures
3 Empirical Clustering and classic hierarchies
4 Algebra of trees
5 Generalized Classifications
6 Topology of generalized classifications
7 Meta
classification
8 For an axiomatic theory of classifications
9 Alternative theories and higher infinite
10 Postscript
Bibliography.
ISBN:9783034806091
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Studies in Universal Logic
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic , Information storage and retrieval systems , Algebra , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783034806008:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Visual Reasoning with Diagrams [electronic resource]
Author(s): Amirouche Moktefi
Sun-Joo Shin
Date:2013
Publisher:Basel : Springer Basel : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Logic, the discipline that explores valid reasoning, does not need to be limited to a specific form of representation but should include any form as long as it allows us to draw sound conclusions from given information. The use ofdiagrams has a long but unequal history in logic: The golden age of diagrammatic logic of the 19th century thanks to Euler and Venn diagrams was followed by the early 20th century's symbolization of modern logic by Frege and Russell.Recently, we have been witnessing a reviva l of interest in diagrams from various disciplines - mathematics, logic, philosophy, cognitive science, and computer science. This book aims to provide a space for this newly debated topic -the logical status of diagrams - in order to advance the goal of universal logic by exploring common and/or unique features of visual reasoning
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1.What is a logical diagram? (Catherine Legg)
2.The geometry of diagrams and the logic of syllogisms (Richard Bosley)
3.A diagrammatic calculus of syllogisms (Ruggero Pagnan)
4.Beyond syllogisms: Carrolls (marked) quadriliteral diagram (Amirouche Moktefi)
5.A diagrammatic bridge between classical and fuzzy logics(Ferdinando Cavaliere)
6.Diagrammatic reasoning with Classes and relationships (Jrgen Fischer Nilsson)
7.On the completeness of spider diagrams augmented with constants (Gem Stapleton, John Howse, Simon Thompson, John Taylor and Peter C
ISBN:9783034806008
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Studies in Universal Logic
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Logic , Visualization , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9788847023611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Logic: A Brief Course [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniele Mundici
Date:2012
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This short book, geared towards undergraduate students of computer science and mathematics, is specifically designed for a first course in mathematical logic. A proof of Gdel's completeness theorem and its main consequences isgiven using Robinson's c ompleteness theorem and Gdel's compactness theorem for propositional logic. The reader will familiarize himself with many basic ideas and artifacts of mathematical logic: a non-ambiguous syntax, logicalequivalence and consequence relation, the Davis-Putna m procedure, Tarski semantics, Herbrand models, the axioms of identity, Skolem normal forms, nonstandard models and, interestingly enough, proofs and refutations viewed as graphicobjects. The mathematical prerequisites are minimal: the book is accessible to anybody having some familiarity with proofs by induction. Many exercises on the relationship between natural language and formal proofs make the book alsointeresting to a wide range of students of philosophy and linguistics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Fundamental Logical Notions
The Resolution Method
Robinson Completeness Theorem
Fast Classes for DPP
Godel Compactness Theorem
Propositional Logic: Syntax
Propositional Logic: Semantics
Normal Forms
Recap: Expressivity and Efficiency
The Quantifiers There Exists and For All
Syntax of Predicate Logic
The Meaning of Clauses
Godel Completeness Theorem for the Logic of Clauses
Equality Axioms
The Predicate Logic L
ISBN:9788847023611
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:UNITEXT, 2038-5714
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical , Semantics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642348921:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Effective Theories in Physics [electronic resource] : From Planetary Orbits to Elementary Particle Masses
Author(s): James D Wells
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:There is significant interest in the Philosophy of Science community to understand the role that effective theories have in the work of forefront science. The ideas of effective theories have been implicit in science for along time, but have only bee n articulated well in the last few decades. Since Wilson's renormalization group revolution in the early 1970's, the science community has come to more fully understand its power, and by the mid-1990's ithad gained its apotheosis. It is still one of the m ost powerful concepts in science, which has direct impact in how one thinks about and formulates theories of nature. It is this power that this Brief sets out to emphasize throughhistorical analysis and current examples
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Utility of Effective Theories
Harmonic Oscillator as an Effective Theory
Effective Theories of Classical Gravity
Effective Theories and Elementary Particle Masses
Effective Theories and Theory Choice
ISBN:9783642348921
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642348914:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Effective Theories in Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): James D. Wells
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Brief
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642348914
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642325601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Singularity Hypotheses [electronic resource] : A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment
Author(s): Amnon H Eden
James H Moor
Johnny H Sraker
Eric Steinhart
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment offers authoritative, jargon-free essays and critical commentaries on accelerating technological progress and the notion of technological singularity. It focuses onconjectures about th e intelligence explosion, transhumanism, and whole brain emulation. Recent years have seen a plethora of forecasts about the profound, disruptive impact that is likely to result from further progress in these areas.Many commentators however doubt the scie ntific rigor of these forecasts, rejecting them as speculative and unfounded. We therefore invited prominent computer scientists, physicists, philosophers, biologists, economists and otherthinkers to assess the singularity hypotheses. Their contributions go beyond speculation, providing deep insights into the main issues and a balanced picture of the debate
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Singularity Hypotheses: An Overview
Part 1: A Singularity of Artificial Superintelligence
Intelligence Explosion: Evidence and Import
The Threat of a Reward
Driven Adversarial Artificial General Intelligence
New Millenium Al and the Convergence of History 2012
Why an Intelligence Explosion is Probable
Part 2: Concerns About Artificial Superintelligence
The Singularity and Machine Ethics
Artificial General Intelligence and the Human Mental Model
Some Economic Incentives Facing a Business That Might Bring About a Technological Singularity
Rationally
shaped Artificia
ISBN:9783642325601
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Neurosciences , Technology Philosophy , Artificial intelligence , Computer science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642295997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Natural Fabrications [electronic resource] : Science, Emergence and Consciousness
Author(s): William Seager
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The spectacular success of the scientific enterprise over the last four hundred years has led to the promise of an all encompassing vision of the natural world. In this elegant picture, everything we observe is based upon just afew fundamental proces ses and entities. The almost infinite variety and complexity of the world is thus the product of emergence. But the concept of emergence is fraught with controversy and confusion. This book ponders the question ofhow emergence should be understood within the scientific picture, and whether a complete vision of the world can be attained that includes consciousness
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Scientific Picture of the World
Looking Out
Looking In
Consciousness in the Brain
Emergence and Consciousness
Emergence and Cellular Automata
Against Radical Emergence
Emergence and Supervenience
Generalized Epiphenomenalism
The Paradox of Consciousness
Embracing the Mystery
ISBN:9783642295997
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Philosophy of mind , Neurobiology , Psychology, clinical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642232596:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Arrows of Time [electronic resource] A Debate in Cosmology
Author(s): Laura Mersini-Houghton
Rudy Vaas
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The concept of time has fascinated humanity throughout history, and remains one of the biggest mysteries in science and philosophy. Yet a deeper understanding of nature at a fundamental level can only be achieved through acomprehension of this strang e fourth dimension. Furthermore, the origin of the universe is closely intertwined with the puzzle of time: Did time emerge at the big bang? Why does the direction of time conspire with the remarkablyordered initial state of the universe? This book addre ssesmany ofthe most important questions about time: What is time, and is it fundamental or emergent? Why is there such an arrow of time, closely related to the initial stateof the universe, and why do the cosmic, thermodynamic and other arrows agree? Thes e issues are discussed here by leading experts, and each offers a new perspective on the debate. Their contributions delve into the most difficultresearch topic in physics, also describing the latest cutting edge research on the subject. The book also off ers readers a comparison between the different outlooks of philosophy, physics and cosmology on the puzzle of time. Thisvolume is intended to be useful for research purposes, but most chapters are also accessible to a more general audience of scientifical ly educated readers looking for deeper insights.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Clock Ambiguity: Implications and New Developments
Holographic Cosmology and the Arrow of Time
A Momentous Arrow of Time
The Phantom Bounce: A New Proposal for an Oscillating Cosmology
The Emergent Nature of Time and the Complex Numbers in Quantum Cosmology
The Arrow of Time in a Dark
Energy
Dominated Universe
The Problem of Time for De Sitters Spacetimes
Fundamental Loss of Quantum Coherence from Quantum Gravity
Micro
time, Macro
time, and the Pseudo
beginning of the Big Bang
Open Problems Regarding the Arrow of Time
ISBN:9783642232596
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v172
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy
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