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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD SIGNAL DETECTION STATISTICAL METHODS *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/32404.100 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword signal detection statistical methods ( in books using www Cover Image
Call number:TK5102.5.K379::1993 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of statistical signal processing
Author(s): Steven M. Kay
Date:1993
Publisher:Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall PTR
Note:v. 1. Estimation theory
ISBN:0133457117
Series:Prentice Hall signal processing series
Keywords: Signal detection Statistical methods. , Estimation theory.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319095318:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Translational Recurrences [electronic resource] : From Mathematical Theory to Real-World Applications
Author(s): Norbert Marwan
Michael Riley
Alessandro Giuliani
Jr. Webber Charles L
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book features 13 papers presented at the Fifth International Symposium on Recurrence Plots, held August 2013 in Chicago, IL. It examines recent applications and developments in recurrence plots and recurrence quantifi cationanalysis (RQA) with s pecial emphasis on biological and cognitive systems and the analysis of coupled systems using cross-recurrence methods. Readers will discover new applications and insights into a range of systems provided byrecurrence plot analysis and new theoretical and mathematical developments in recurrence plots. Recurrence plot based analysis is a powerful tool that operates on real-world complex systems that are nonlinear, non-stationary, noisy, ofany statistical distribution, free of any particular model type, and not particularly long. Quantitative analyses promote the detection of system state changes, synchronized dynamical regimes, or classifi cation of system states. Th ebook will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience of recurrence plot users and re searchers interested in time series analysis of complex systems in general
Contents:1 A Recurrence Plot
based Distance Measure: S. Spiegel et al
2 Fast computation of recurrences in long time series: T. Rawald et al
3 Unthresholded recurrence plots for complex
valued representations of narrow band signals: A. Sipers et al
4 Quantifying redundancy and information content of lines in recurrence plots using the theory of framework rigidity: A. Sipers et al
5 Recent advances in non
stationary signal processing based on Recurrence Plot Analysis concept: C. Ioana et al
6 A Recurrence
Based Approach for Feature Extraction in Brain
Computer Interface Systems: L.F.S
ISBN:9783319095318
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v103
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Visualization , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461444756:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Psychophysical Data in R [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kenneth Knoblauch
Laurence T Maloney
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Many of the commonly used methods for modeling and fitting psychophysical data are special cases of statistical procedures of great power and generality, notably the Generalized Linear Model (GLM). This book illustrates how to fitdata from a variety of psychophysical paradigms using modern statistical methods and the statistical language R.The paradigms include signal detection theory, psychometric function fitting, classification images and more. In twochapters, recently developed methods for scalin g appearance, maximum likelihood difference scaling and maximum likelihood conjoint measurement are examined.The authors also consider the applicationof mixed-effects models topsychophysical data. R is an open-source programming language that is widely us ed by statisticians and is seeing enormous growth in its application to data in all fields. It is interactive, containing many powerful facilities foroptimization, model evaluation, model selection, and graphical display of data. The reader who fits data in R can readily make use of these methods. The researcher who uses R to fit and model his data has access to most recentlydeveloped statistical methods. This book does not assume that the reader is familiar with R, and a little experience with any progra mming language is all that is needed to appreciate this book. There are large numbers of examples of Rin the text and the source code for all examples is available in an R package MPDiR available through R. Kenneth Knoblauch is a researcher in the Departm ent of Integrative Neurosciences in Inserm Unit 846, The Stem Cell and BrainResearch Institute and associated with the University Claude Bernard, Lyon 1, in France. Laurence T. Maloney is Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University. His research focusses on applications of mathematicalmodels to perception, motor control and decision making
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:A First Tour through R by Example
Modeling in R
Signal Detection Theory (SDT)
The Psychometric Function: Introduction
The Psychometric Function: Continuation
Classification Images
Maximum Likelihood Difference Scaling (MLDS)
Maximum Likelihood Conjoint Measurement (MLCM)
Mixed
Effect Models
Some Basics of R
Statistical Background
References
Index
ISBN:9781461444756
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Use R! : v32
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461441090:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Military Science [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nicholas J Daras
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Analysis, assessment, and data management are core tools required for operation research analysts. The April 2011 conference held at the Helenic Army Academy addressed these topics with efforts to collect valuable recommendationsfor improving analyst s capabilities to assess and communicate necessary qualitative data to military leaders. This unique volume is comprised of contributions from the fields of science, mathematics, and the military, andincludes a foreword written by the general manager of the NATO Consultation Command and Control Agency (NC3A). This work will be of interest to a diverse audience including military operations research analysts, the militarycommunity at large, and practitioners working with mathematical methods and applicati ons to informatics and military science. Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Military Science covers a wide variety of mathematicalmethods used with application to defense and security. Each contribution considers directions and pursuits of sci entists that pertain to the military as well as the theoretical background required for methods, algorithms, andtechniques used in military applications. The direction of theoretical results in these applications is conveyed and open problems and future a reas of focus are highlighted. Topics covered include: applied OR and militaryapplications, signal processing, scattering, scientific computing and applications, combat simulation and statistical modeling, satellite remote sensing, and applied informatic s (cryptography and coding)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Table of Contents
1. The Significance of Research and Development for the National Defence and its Relation with the Military University Institutions (N. Uzunoglu)
2. Selected Topics in Critical Element Detection (J.L. Walteros, P.M. Pardalos)
3. Study of Engagement with Mobile Targets (S. Tassopoulos)
4. Solving an Electromagnetic Scattering Problem in Chiral Media (C. Athanasiadis, S. Dimitroula, K. Skourogiannis)
5. Orthonormality in Interpolation Schemes for Reconstructing Signals (N.J. Daras)
6. Computer Graphics Techniques in Military Applications
ISBN:9781461441090
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 1931-6828 : v71
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer vision , Computer science , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9781441998422:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mark Chang
Date:2011
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simpleapplication of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data)have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2)high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, o r latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reductionimpossible, or because of extremely small or large size and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written forresearchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce moder n methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods.Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed inthis s ingle volume
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Multiple
Hypothesis Testing Strategy
Pharmaceutical Decision and Game Theory
Noninferiority Trial Design
Adaptive Trial Design
Missing Data Imputation and Analysis
Multivariate and Multistage Survival Data Modeling
Meta
analysis
Data Mining and Signal Detection
Monte Carlo Simulation
Bayesian Methods and Applications
ISBN:9781441998422
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Data mining , Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783790820843:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:COMPSTAT 2008 [electronic resource] : Proceedings in Computational Statistics
Author(s): Paula Brito
Date:2008
Publisher:Heidelberg : Physica-Verlag HD
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume presents recent methodological developments in Applied/Computational Statistics. A wide range of topics is covered including Advances on Statistical Computing Environments, Classification and Clustering, GraphicalModels and Bayes Nets, Co mputational Econometrics, Data Mining, Model Selection, Latent Class Detection, Multiple Testing Procedures, Random Search Algorithms, Robust Statistics and Signal Extraction and Filtering. Besides theoreticalresults, the book presents a variety of applic ations in fields such as time-series analysis, finance and insurance, micro-array analysis, astronomy and text analysis. Combining new methodological advances with a wide variety of realapplications, this volume is specially valuable for researchers and p ractitioners, providing new analytical tools useful in theoretical research and daily practice in computational statistics and applied statistics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Keynote
Advances on Statistical Computing Environments
Classification and Clustering of Complex Data
Computation for Graphical Models and Bayes Nets
Computational Econometrics
Computational Statistics and Data Mining Methods for Alcohol Studies
Finance and Insurance
Information Retrieval for Text and Images
Knowledge Extraction by Models
Model Selection Algorithms
Models for Latent Class Detection
Multiple Testing Procedures
Random Search Algorithms
Robust Statistics
Signal Extraction and Filtering
Index
Contributed Papers on the CD
Tutorial T
ISBN:9783790820843
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Computer science , Information storage and retrieval systems , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9781461200253:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Wavelets and Signal Processing
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (435 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0025-3
Contents:I Wavelets and Wavelet Transforms -- 1 The Wavelet Transform and Time-Frequency Analysis -- 2 Multiwavelets in ?n with an Arbitrary Dilation Matrix -- 3 On the Nonexistence of Certain Divergence-free Multiwavelets -- 4 Osiris Wavelets
and Isis Variables -- 5 Wavelets for Statistical Estimation and Detection -- II Signal Processing and Time-Frequency Signal Analysis 133 -- 6 High Performance Time-Frequency Distributions for Practical Applications -- 7 Covariant
Time-Frequency Analysis -- 8 Time-Frequency/Time-Scale Reassignment -- 9 Spatial Time-Frequency Distributions: Theory and Applications -- 10 Time-Frequency Processing of Time-Varying Signals with Nonlinear Group Delay -- 11
Self-Similarity and Intermittency -- 12 Selective Thresholding in Wavelet Image Compression -- 13 Coherent Vortex Simulation of Two-and Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flows Using Orthogonal Wavelets
ISBN:9781461200253
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Mathematics , Fourier Analysis , Applications of Mathematics , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Signal, Image and Speech Processing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9780387215808:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonparametric Goodness-of-Fit Testing Under Gaussian Models
Author(s): Yu. I Ingster
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (457 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-0-387-21580-8
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Tests -- 1.2 One-Dimensional Parameter -- 1.3 Multidimensional Parameter -- 1.4 Infinite-Dimensional Parameter -- 1.5 Problems of the Study and Main Results -- 1.6 Methods of the Study -- 1.7 Structure of the
Book -- 2 An Overview -- 2.1 Models -- 2.2 Hypothesis Testing Problem -- 2.3 Bayesian Approach in Hypothesis Testing -- 2.4 Minimax Approach in Hypothesis Testing -- 2.5 Asymptotics in Hypothesis Testing -- 2.6 Minimax
Distinguishability in Goodness-of-Fit Problems -- 2.7 Norms and Wavelet Transform -- 2.8 Short Overview of Minimax Estimation -- 2.9 Constraints of Interest -- 2.10 Rates in Estimation and in Hypothesis Testing -- 3 Minimax
Distinguishability -- 3.1 Minimax Properties of Test Families -- 3.2 Asymptotic Minimaxity for Square Norms -- 3.3 Bayesian Approach under a Gaussian Model -- 3.4 Triviality and Classical Asymptotics -- 3.5 Distinguishability
Conditions for Smooth Signals -- 4 Sharp Asymptotics. I -- 4.1 Tests Based on Linear Statistics and Convex Alternatives -- 4.2 Two-Sided Constraints for the Positive Alternatives, p ? 1, q ? p -- 4.3 Sharp Asymptotics of Gaussian Type:
Product Priors -- 4.4 Sharp Asymptotics: Asymptotic Degeneracy -- 5 Sharp Asymptotics. II -- 5.1 Tests Based on Log-Likelihood Statistics and Thresholding -- 5.2 Extreme Problem in the Space of Sequences of Measures -- 5.3 Separation
of the Problem -- 5.4 Solution of One-Dimensional Problems -- 5.5 Sharp Asymptotics for ln-Balls -- 6 Gaussian Asymptotics for Power and Besov Norms -- 6.1 Extreme Problems -- 6.2 Principal Types of Gaussian Asymptotics -- 6.3 Frontier
Log-Types of Gaussian Asymptotics -- 6.4 Graphical Presentation -- 6.5 Remarks on the Proofs of Theorems 6.1–6.4 -- 6.6 Proof of Theorems 6.1 and 6.3 for p ? 2, q ? p, and p = q -- 6.7 Extreme Problem for Power Norms: p ? q -- 6.8
Properties of the Extreme Sequences for Power Norms -- 6.9 Extreme Problem for Besov Norms -- 7 Adaptation for Power and Besov Norms -- 7.1 Adaptive Setting -- 7.2 Lower Bounds -- 7.3 Upper Bounds for Power Norms -- 7.4 Upper Bounds
for Besov Norms -- 8 High-Dimensional Signal Detection -- 8.1 The Bayesian Signal Detection Problem -- 8.2 Multichannel Signal Detection Problems -- 8.3 Minimax Signal Detection for ln-Balls -- 8.4 Proof of Upper Bounds -- 8.5 Testing
a Hypothesis which Is Close to a Simple Hypothesis -- A Appendix -- A.1 Proof of Proposition 2.16 -- A.2 Proof of Proposition 5.3 -- A.2.1 Properties of Statistics under Alternatives -- A.2.2 Evaluations of Type II Errors -- A.3 Study
of the Extreme Problem for Power Norms -- A.3.1 Solution of the System (6.86), (6.87) -- A.3.4 Solution of the Extreme Problem (6.88) -- A.3.8 Proofs of Propositions 6.1, 6.2 -- A.4 Study of the Extreme Problem for Besov Norms -- A.4.1
Solution of the System (6.110), (6.111) -- A.4.2 Solution of the Extreme Problem (6.112) -- A.4.5 Upper Bounds -- A.4.6 Lower Bounds -- A.4.7 Proof of Proposition 6.3 -- A.5 Proof of Lemma 7.4 -- A.6 Proofs of Lemmas 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.6
-- References -- Parameter and Function Index
ISBN:9780387215808
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 169
Keywords: Statistics , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9783662038611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Computer Speech Recognition, Compression, Synthesis
Author(s): Manfred R Schroeder
Date:1999
Size:1 online resource (319 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-03861-1
Contents:1. Introduction -- 2. A Brief History of Speech -- 3. Speech Recognition and Speaker Identification -- 4. Speech Compression -- 5. Speech Synthesis -- 6. Speech Production -- 7. The Speech Signal -- 8. Hearing -- 9. Binaural Hearing —
Listening with Both Ears -- 10. Basic Signal Concepts -- A. Acoustic Theory and Modeling of the Vocal Tract -- A.1 Introduction -- A.2 Acoustics of a Hard-Walled, Lossless Tube -- A.2.1 Field Equations -- A.2.2 Time-Invariant Case --
A.2.3 Formants as Eigenvalues -- A.2.4 Losses and Nonrigid Walls -- A.3 Discrete Modeling of a Tube -- A.3.1 Time-Domain Modeling -- A.3.2 Frequency-Domain Modeling, Two-Port Theory -- A.3.3 Tube Models and Linear Prediction -- A.4
Notes on the Inverse Problem -- A.4.1 Analytic and Numerical Methods -- A.4.2 Empirical Methods -- B. Direct Relations Between Cepstrum and Predictor Coefficients -- B.1 Derivation of the Main Result -- B.2 Direct Computation of
Predictor Coefficients from the Cepstrum -- B.3 A Simple Check -- B.4 Connection with Algebraic Roots and Symmetric Functions -- B.5 Connection with Statistical Moments and Cumulants -- B.6 Computational Complexity -- B.7 An
Application of Root-Power Sums to Pitch Detection -- References -- General Reading -- Selected Journals -- A Sampling of Societies and Major Meetings -- Glossary of Speech and Computer Terms -- Name Index -- The Author
ISBN:9783662038611
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Information Sciences: 35
Keywords: Physics , User interfaces (Computer systems) , Computational linguistics , Acoustics , Electrical engineering , Physics , Acoustics , Communications Engineering, Networks , User Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction , Language Translation and Linguistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9783662011317:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:COMPSTAT Proceedings in Computational Statistics 13th Symposium held in Bristol, Great Britain, 1998
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (501 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-01131-7
Contents:Keynote Papers -- Analysis of Clustered Multivariate Data from Developmental Toxicity Studies -- Wavelets in Statistics: Some Recent Developments -- Invited Papers -- Mortality Pattern Prediction in Worker Cohorts -- Design Algorithms
for Correlated Data -- (Co)Variance Structures for Linear Models in the Analysis of Plant Improvement Data -- Optimal Scaling Methods for Graphical Display of Multivariate Data -- Computer-Assisted Statistics Teaching in Network
Environments -- Modelling Bacterial Genomes Using Hidden Markov Models -- MCMC Specifics for Latent Variable Models -- Exploratory Versus Decision Trees -- Exploring Time Series Using Semi- and Nonparametric Methods -- Time Series
Forecasting by Principal Component Methods -- Contributed Papers -- A Simulation Study of Indirect Prognostic Classification -- Model Search: An Overview -- Speeding up the Computation of the Least Quartile Difference Estimator --
Piece-wise Detection of Spinal Scoliosis -- A Comparison of Recent EM Accelerators within Item Response Theory -- Gröbner Basis Methods in Polynomial Modelling -- Analysis of High Dimensional Data from Intensive Care Medicine --
Fitting Non-Gaussian Time Series Models -- Using Singular Value Decomposition in Non-Linear Regression -- A Modelling Approach for Bandwidth Selection in Kernel Density Estimation -- A New Method for Cross-Classification Analysis of
Contingency Data Tables -- Bayesian Analysis of Overdispersed Count Data with Application to Teletraffic Monitoring -- An Alternative Pruning Method Based on the Impurity-Complexity Measure -- Bayesian Inference for Mixture: The Label
Switching Problem -- Simulation of Multifractional Brownian Motion -- Simulating Categorical Data from Spatial Models -- Robust Factorization of a Data Matrix -- Spatial Clustering Techniques: An Experimental Comparison -- A Visual
Environment for Designing Experiments -- Essay of a Dynamic Regression by Principal Components Model for Correlated Time Series -- Traffic Models for Telecommunication -- Construction of Non-Standard Row-Column Designs -- Computational
Statistics for Pharmacokinetic Data Analysis -- Frailty Factors and Time-dependent Hazards in Modelling Ear Infections in Children Using BASSIST -- Algorithms for Robustified Error-in-Variables Problems -- Idaresa — a Tool for
Construction, Description and Use of Harmonised Datasets from National Surveys -- LLAMA: an Object-Oriented System for Log Multiplicative Models -- Using Threshold Accepting to Improve the Computation of Censored Quantile Regression --
On the Convergence of Iterated Random Maps with Applications to the MCEM Algorithm -- Parameter Estimators for Gaussian Models with Censored Time Series and Spatio-Temporal Data -- Assessing the Multimodality of a Multivariate
Distribution Using Nonparametric Techniques -- Bayesian Signal Restoration and Model Determination for Ion Channels -- ARGUS, Software Packages for Statistical Disclosure Control -- Building End-User Statistical Applications: An
Example Using STABLE -- On Multiple Window Local Polynomial Approximation with Varying Adaptive Bandwidths -- Minimization of Computational Cost in Tree-Based Methods by a Proper Ordering of Splits -- Stable Multivariate Procedures —
Strategies and Software Tools -- An Alternating Method to Optimally Transform Variables in Projection Pursuit Regression -- Predicting from Unbalanced Linear or Generalized Linear Models -- MCMC Solution to Circle Fitting in Analysis
of RICH Detector Data -- A Visual Future for Statistical Computing -- Development of Statistical Software SAMMIF for Sensitivity Analysis in Multivariate Methods -- Data Imputation and Nowcasting in the Environmental Sciences Using
Clustering and Connectionist Modelling -- Graphical User Interface for Statistical Software Using Internet -- A Wavelet Approach to Functional Principal Component Analysis -- Quasi-Monte Carlo EM Algorithm for MLEs in Generalized
Linear Mixed Models -- Applications of Smoothed Monotone Regression Splines and Smoothed Bootstrapping in Survival Analysis -- Comparing the Fits of Non-Nested Non-Linear Models -- The Deepest Fit -- Partially Linear Models: A New
Algorithm and some Simulation Results -- Induction of Graphical Models from Incomplete Samples -- Locally and Bayesian Optimal Designs for Binary Dose-Response Models with Various Link Functions -- Statistics Training and the Internet
-- Jointly Modelling Longitudinal and Survival Data -- Representing Solar Active Regions with Triangulations -- A General Form for Specification of Correlated Error Models, with Allowance for Heterogeneity -- Exploratory Data Analysis
with Linked Dotplots and Histograms -- An Object-Oriented Approach to Local Computation in Bayes Linear Belief Networks -- Index of Authors -- Index of Keywords
ISBN:9783662011317
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Information technology , Business , Computer science , Statistics , Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs , Math Applications in Computer Science , IT in Business
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Call number:SPRINGER-1998-9781475728385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Developments in Time-Frequency Analysis Volume 9: A Special Issue of Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing. An International Journal
Author(s):
Date:1998
Size:1 online resource (141 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-2838-5
Contents:Joint Distributions of Arbitrary Variables -- On the Use of Spatial Time Frequency Distributions for Signal Extraction -- On the Statistics of Spectrogram Reassignment Vectors -- Generalization of the Gram-Charlier/Edgeworth Series
and Application to Time-Frequency Analysis -- Time-Frequency Analysis Using Local Taylor Series Expansion -- The Analysis of Under Water Vehicle Non-Stationary Acoustic Transient Signals Using a New Fast Algorithm for Constructing
Positive Time-Frequency Distributions -- Multicomponent Multidimensional Signals -- The Fractional Wave Packet Transform -- Statistical Performance of a TFD Based Detection Scheme -- Unique Positive FM-AM Decomposition of Signals -- Do
Bounded Signals Have Bounded Amplitudes? -- A Time-Recursive Algorithm for the Computation of Auto-Ambiguity Function and the Wigner Distribution -- The “Harmonic” Rejecting Correlation Function -- Positive Time-Frequency Distributions
via Quadratic Programming -- On the Computation of Optical Flow Using the 3-D Gabor Transform -- Evolutionary Maximum Entropy Spectral Estimation and Heart Rate Variability Analysis -- Optimal Reconstruction of Natural Images by Small
Sets of Gabor Filters -- Scale and Translation Invariant Methods for Enhanced Time-Frequency Pattern Recognition
ISBN:9781475728385
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Acoustics , Electrical engineering , Electronic circuits , Physics , Acoustics , Communications Engineering, Networks , Circuits and Systems , Signal, Image and Speech Processing , Electrical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9783642579202:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments A How-to Approach
Author(s): William R Leo
Date:1994
Edition:Second Revised Edition
Size:1 online resource (382 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57920-2
Contents:1. Basic Nuclear Processes in Radioactive Sources -- 1.1 Nuclear Level Diagrams -- 1.2 Alpha Decay -- 1.3 Beta Decay -- 1.4 Electron Capture (EC) -- 1.5 Gamma Emission -- 1.5.1 Isomeric States -- 1.6 Annihilation Radiation -- 1.7
Internal Conversion -- 1.8 Auger Electrons -- 1.9 Neutron Sources -- 1.9.1 Spontaneous Fission -- 1.9.2 Nuclear Reactions -- 1.10 Source Activity Units -- 1.11 The Radioactive Decay Law -- 1.11.1 Fluctuations in Radioactive Decay --
1.11.2 Radioactive Decay Chains -- 1.11.3 Radioisotope Production by Irradiation -- 2. Passage of Radiation Through Matter -- 2.1 Preliminary Notions and Definitions -- 2.1.1 The Cross Section -- 2.1.2 Interaction Probability in a
Distance x. Mean Free Path -- 2.1.3 Surface Density Units -- 2.2 Energy Loss of Heavy Charged Particles by Atomic Collisions -- 2.2.1 Bohr’s Calculation — The Classical Case -- 2.2.2 The Bethe-Bloch Formula -- 2.2.3 Energy Dependence
-- 2.2.4 Scaling Laws for dE/dx -- 2.2.5 Mass Stopping Power -- 2.2.6 dE/dx for Mixtures and Compounds -- 2.2.7 Limitations of the Bethe-Bloch Formula and Other Effects -- 2.2.8 Channeling -- 2.2.9 Range -- 2.3 Cherenkov Radiation --
2.4 Energy Loss of Electrons and Positrons -- 2.4.1 Collision Loss -- 2.4.2 Energy Loss by Radiation: Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.3 Electron-Electron Bremsstrahlung -- 2.4.4 Critical Energy -- 2.4.5 Radiation Length -- 2.4.6 Range of
Electrons -- 2.4.7 The Absorption of ? Electrons -- 2.5 Multiple Coulomb Scattering -- 2.5.1 Multiple Scattering in the Gaussian Approximation -- 2.5.2 Backscattering of Low-Energy Electrons -- 2.6 Energy Straggling: The Energy Loss
Distribution -- 2.6.1 Thick Absorbers: The Gaussian Limit -- 2.6.2 Very Thick Absorbers -- 2.6.3 Thin Absorbers: The Landau and Vavilov Theories -- 2.7 The Interaction of Photons -- 2.7.1 Photoelectric Effect -- 2.7.2 Compton
Scattering -- 2.7.3 Pair Production -- 2.7.4 Electron-Photon Showers -- 2.7.5 The Total Absorption Coefficient and Photon Attenuation -- 2.8 The Interaction of Neutrons -- 2.8.1 Slowing Down of Neutrons. Moderation -- 3. Radiation
Protection. Biological Effects of Radiation -- 3.1 Dosimetric Units -- 3.1.1 The Roentgen -- 3.1.2 Absorbed Dose -- 3.1.3 Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) -- 3.1.4 Equivalent Dose -- 3.1.5 Effective Dose -- 3.2 Typical Doses
from Sources in the Environment -- 3.3 Biological Effects -- 3.3.1 High Doses Received in a Short Time -- 3.3.2 Low-Level Doses -- 3.4 Dose Limits -- 3.5 Shielding -- 3.6 Radiation Safety in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory -- 4.
Statistics and the Treatment of Experimental Data -- 4.1 Characteristics of Probability Distributions -- 4.1.1 Cumulative Distributions -- 4.1.2 Expectation Values -- 4.1.3 Distribution Moments. The Mean and Variance -- 4.1.4 The
Covariance -- 4.2 Some Common Probability Distributions -- 4.2.1 The Binomial Distribution -- 4.2.2 The Poisson Distribution -- 4.2.3 The Gaussian or Normal Distribution -- 4.2.4 The Chi-Square Distribution -- 4.3 Measurement Errors
and the Measurement Process -- 4.3.1 Systematic Errors -- 4.3.2 Random Errors -- 4.4 Sampling and Parameter Estimation. The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.1 Sample Moments -- 4.4.2 The Maximum Likelihood Method -- 4.4.3 Estimator for
the Poisson Distribution -- 4.4.4 Estimators for the Gaussian Distribution -- 4.4.5 The Weighted Mean -- 4.5 Examples of Applications -- 4.5.1 Mean and Error from a Series of Measurements -- 4.5.2 Combining Data with Different Errors
-- 4.5.3 Determination of Count Rates and Their Errors -- 4.5.4 Null Experiments. Setting Confidence Limits When No Counts Are Observed -- 4.5.5 Distribution of Time Intervals Between Counts -- 4.6 Propagation of Errors -- 4.6.1
Examples -- 4.7 Curve Fitting -- 4.7.1 The Least Squares Method -- 4.7.2 Linear Fits. The Straight Line -- 4.7.3 Linear Fits When Both Variables Have Errors -- 4.7.4 Nonlinear Fits -- 4.8 Some General Rules for Rounding-off Numbers for
Final Presentation -- 5. General Characteristics of Detectors -- 5.1 Sensitivity -- 5.2 Detector Response -- 5.3 Energy Resolution. The Fano Factor -- 5.4 The Response Function -- 5.5 Response Time -- 5.6 Detector Efficiency -- 5.7
Dead Time -- 5.7.1 Measuring Dead Time -- 6. Ionization Detectors -- 6.1 Gaseous Ionization Detectors -- 6.2 Ionization and Transport Phenomena in Gases -- 6.2.1 Ionization Mechanisms -- 6.2.2 Mean Number of Electron-Ion Pairs Created
-- 6.2.3 Recombination and Electron Attachment -- 6.3 Transport of Electrons and Ions in Gases -- 6.3.1 Diffusion -- 6.3.2 Drift and Mobility -- 6.4 Avalanche Multiplication -- 6.5 The Cylindrical Proportional Counter -- 6.5.1 Pulse
Formation and Shape -- 6.5.2 Choice of Fill Gas -- 6.6 The Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC) -- 6.6.1 Basic Operating Principle -- 6.6.2 Construction -- 6.6.3 Chamber Gas -- 6.6.4 Timing Resolution -- 6.6.5 Readout Methods -- 6.6.6
Track Clusters -- 6.6.7 MWPC Efficiency -- 6.7 The Drift Chamber -- 6.7.1 Drift Gases -- 6.7.2 Spatial Resolution -- 6.7.3 Operation in Magnetic Fields -- 6.8 The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) -- 6.9 Liquid Ionization Detectors (LID)
-- 7. Scintillation Detectors -- 7.1 General Characteristics -- 7.2 Organic Scintillators -- 7.2.1 Organic Crystals -- 7.2.2 Organic Liquids -- 7.2.3 Plastics -- 7.3 Inorganic Crystals -- 7.4 Gaseous Scintillators -- 7.5 Glasses -- 7.6
Light Output Response -- 7.6.1 Linearity -- 7.6.2 Temperature Dependence -- 7.6.3 Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) -- 7.7 Intrinsic Detection Efficiency for Various Radiations -- 7.7.1 Heavy Ions -- 7.7.2 Electrons -- 7.7.3 Gamma Rays
-- 7.7.4 Neutrons -- 8. Photomultipliers -- 8.1 Basic Construction and Operation -- 8.2 The Photocathode -- 8.3 The Electron-Optical Input System -- 8.4 The Electron-Multiplier Section -- 8.4.1 Dynode Configurations -- 8.4.2 Multiplier
Response: The Single-Electron Spectrum -- 8.5 Operating Parameters -- 8.5.1 Gain and Voltage Supply -- 8.5.2 Voltage Dividers -- 8.5.3 Electrode Current. Linearity -- 8.5.4 Pulse Shape -- 8.6 Time Response and Resolution -- 8.7 Noise
-- 8.7.1 Dark Current and Afterpulsing -- 8.7.2 Statistical Noise -- 8.8 Environmental Factors -- 8.8.1 Exposure to Ambient Light -- 8.8.2 Magnetic Fields -- 8.8.3 Temperature Effects -- 8.9 Gain Stability, Count Rate Shift -- 9.
Scintillation Detector Mounting and Operation -- 9.1 Light Collection -- 9.1.1 Reflection -- 9.2 Coupling to the PM -- 9.3 Multiple Photomultipliers -- 9.4 Light Guides -- 9.5 Fluorescent Radiation Converters -- 9.6 Mounting a
Scintillation Detector: An Example -- 9.7 Scintillation Counter Operation -- 9.7.1 Testing the Counter -- 9.7.2 Adjusting the PM Voltage -- 9.7.3 The Scintillation Counter Plateau -- 9.7.4 Maintaining PM Gain -- 10. Semiconductor
Detectors -- 10.1 Basic Semiconductor Properties -- 10.1.1 Energy Band Structure -- 10.1.2 Charge Carriers in Semiconductors -- 10.1.3 Intrinsic Charge Carrier Concentration -- 10.1.4 Mobility -- 10.1.5 Recombination and Trapping --
10.2 Doped Semiconductors -- 10.2.1 Compensation -- 10.3 The np Semiconductor Junction. Depletion Depth -- 10.3.1 The Depletion Depth -- 10.3.2 Junction Capacitance -- 10.3.3 Reversed Bias Junctions -- 10.4 Detector Characteristics of
Semiconductors -- 10.4.1 Average Energy per Electron-Hole Pair -- 10.4.2 Linearity -- 10.4.3 The Fano Factor and Intrinsic Energy Resolution -- 10.4.4 Leakage Current -- 10.4.5 Sensitivity and Intrinsic Efficiency -- 10.4.6 Pulse
Shape. Rise Time -- 10.5 Silicon Diode Detectors -- 10.5.1 Diffused Junction Diodes -- 10.5.2 Surface Barrier Detectors (SSB) -- 10.5.3 Ion-Implanted Diodes -- 10.5.4 Lithium-Drifted Silicon Diodes — Si(Li) -- 10.6 Position-Sensitive
Detectors -- 10.6.1 Continuous and Discrete Detectors -- 10.6.2 Micro-Strip Detectors -- 10.6.3 Novel Position-Sensing Detectors -- 10.7 Germanium Detectors -- 10.7.1 Lithium-Drifted Germanium — Ge(Li) -- 10.7.2 Intrinsic Germanium --
10.7.3 Gamma Spectroscopy with Germanium Detectors -- 10.8 Other Semiconductor Materials -- 10.9 Operation of Semiconductor Detectors -- 10.9.1 Bias Voltage -- 10.9.2 Signal Amplification -- 10.9.3 Temperature Effects -- 10.9.4
Radiation Damage -- 10.9.5 Plasma Effects -- 11. Pulse Signals in Nuclear Electronics -- 11.1 Pulse Signal Terminology -- 11.2 Analog and Digital Signals -- 11.3 Fast and Slow Signals -- 11.4 The Frequency Domain. Bandwidth -- 12. The
NIM Standard -- 12.1 Modules -- 12.2 Power Bins -- 12.3 NIM Logic Signals -- 12.4 TTL and ECL Logic Signals -- 12.5 Analog Signals -- 13. Signal Transmission -- 13.1 Coaxial Cables -- 13.1.1 Line Constituents -- 13.2 The General Wave
Equation for a Coaxial Line -- 13.3 The Ideal Lossless Cable -- 13.3.1 Characteristic Impedance -- 13.4 Reflections -- 13.5 Cable Termination. Impedance Matching -- 13.6 Losses in Coaxial Cables. Pulse Distortion -- 13.6.1 Cable
Response. Pulse Distortion -- 14. Electronics for Pulse Signal Processing -- 14.1 Preamplifiers -- 14.1.1 Resistive vs Optical Feedback -- 14.2 Main Amplifiers -- 14.3 Pulse Shaping Networks in Amplifiers -- 14.3.1 CR-RC Pulse Shaping
-- 14.3.2 Pole-Zero Cancellation and Baseline Restoration -- 14.3.3 Double Differentiation or CR-RC-CR Shaping -- 14.3.4 Semi-Gaussian Shaping -- 14.3.5 Delay Line Shaping -- 14.4 Biased Amplifiers -- 14.5 Pulse Stretchers -- 14.6
Linear Transmission Gate -- 14.7 Fan-out and Fan-in -- 14.8 Delay Lines -- 14.9 Discriminators -- 14.9.1 Shapers -- 14.10 Single-Channel Analyzer (Differential Discriminator) -- 14.11 Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC or A/D) --
14.11.1 ADC Linearity -- 14.12 Multichannel Analyzers -- 14.13 Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC or D/A) -- 14.14 Time to Amplitude Converters (TAC or TPHC) -- 14.15 Scalers -- 14.16 Ratemeter -- 14.17 Coincidence Units -- 14.18
Majority Logic Units -- 14.19 Flip-Flops -- 14.20 Registers (Latches) -- 14.21 Gate and Delay Generators -- 14.22 Some Simple and Handy Circuits for Pulse Manipulation -- 14.22.1 Attenuators -- 14.22.2 Pulse Splitting -- 14.22.3
ISBN:9783642579202
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Engineering , Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1994-9781461383833:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Mathematics in Industrial Problems Part 6
Author(s): Avner Friedman
Date:1994
Size:1 online resource (229 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8383-3
Contents:1 Magnetization reversal in particulate recording media -- 1.1 The physical system -- 1.2 The model -- 1.3 Results and open problems -- 1.4 References -- 2 Variable forgetting factors in Kalman filtering -- 2.1 The dynamic Kalman
filtering -- 2.2 Variable forgetting factor -- 2.3 Modification of VFF -- 2.4 Applications -- 2.5 References -- 3 Modeling of dopant diffusion networks -- 3.1 Diffusion on networks -- 3.2 Random walks -- 3.3 Effects of grains’
boundaries -- 3.4 Solution of Problems -- 3.5 References -- 4 Statistical optics and effective medium theories of color -- 4.1 Color -- 4.2 Calculating reflectivity -- 4.3 Effective medium theory (EMT) -- 4.4 Mathematical problems --
4.5 References -- 5 Amorphous and polysilicon devices -- 5.1 Amorphous semiconductors -- 5.2 A mathematical model -- 5.3 Numerical results -- 5.4 Open problems and partial solution -- 5.5 References -- 6 Modeling the performance of a
piezoelectric gyroscope -- 6.1 Vibrating gyroscope -- 6.2 Linear elasticity -- 6.3 Rotating disk -- 6.4 Rotating piezoelectric disk -- 6.5 Approximate solution -- 6.6 References -- 7 Particle simulations for xerographic development --
7.1 The model -- 7.2 More on the particle motion -- 7.3 Open problems -- 7.4 References -- 8 A statistical dynamic theory of glassy polymers -- 8.1 Glassy state -- 8.2 Viscoelastic relaxation -- 8.3 Strain-stress behavior -- 8.4
Composite modulus -- 8.5 Open problems -- 8.6 References -- 9 Simulation of magnetic recording and playback processes -- 9.1 Magnetic tape and the recording process -- 9.2 Model of the record process -- 9.3 Record model implementation
-- 9.4 The playback process -- 9.5 Open issues -- 9.6 References -- 10 Sunglitter in oceanic remote detection -- 10.1 Background noise -- 10.2 Signal processing -- 10.3 The model -- 10.4 Model/data comparison -- 11 Computer simulations
of electrorheological fluids -- 11.1 Modeling ER fluids -- 11.2 Bulk polarization model -- 11.3 Numerical results -- 11.4 Optical probing -- 11.5 Areas for future work -- 11.6 References -- 12 Local flaws in permeation reducing barrier
layers -- 12.1 Fluorinated fuel tanks -- 12.2 Mathematical model -- 12.3 Results for circular holes -- 12.4 Open problems -- 12.5 Partial results -- 12.6 References -- 13 Iterative solution methods on the Cray YMP/C90 -- 13.1 Iterative
schemes -- 13.2 Preconditioning strategies -- 13.3 Computational results -- 13.4 References -- 14 Track reconstruction and data fusion -- 14.1 Data fusion -- 14.2 Data sources and model selection -- 14.3 Extended Kalman filter and
smoothing -- 14.4 References -- 15 Approximation to Boltzmann transport in semiconductor devices -- 15.1 The Boltzmann transport equation -- 15.2 Approximation to B.T.E. -- 15.3 The f0-equation -- 15.4 References -- 16 Systematic data
fusion using the theory of random conditional sets -- 16.1 Data fusion algorithms -- 16.2 Bayesian classification -- 16.3 The Dempster—Shafer approach -- 16.4 Fuzzy logic -- 16.5 Random sets -- 16.6 Conditional set theory -- 16.7
References -- 17 Micromagnetic simulation -- 17.1 The magnetic head -- 17.2 The magnetic energy in film -- 17.3 The pole tip -- 17.4 Swirl points -- 17.5 References -- 18 Dissolution kinetics with feedback -- 18.1 The model -- 18.2
Fast kinetic limit -- 18.3 Numerical solution -- 18.4 Remarks -- 18.5 References -- 19 Wetting and adsorption at chemically heterogeneous surfaces -- 19.1 Wettability -- 19.2 Wettability on self-assembled monolayers -- 19.3
Mathematical model -- 19.4 References -- 20 Fluid and kinetic modeling for micromechanical structures -- 20.1 Modeling micromechanical structures -- 20.2 Fluid description -- 20.3 Accelerometer -- 20.4 References -- 21 Modeling
exhaust-gas oxygen sensors -- 21.1 The sensor -- 21.2 Mathematical model -- 21.3 Open problems -- 21.4 References -- 22 3D modeling of a smart power device -- 22.1 The device -- 22.2 Thermal modeling -- 22.3 Solution to problem (1) --
23 Solutions to problems from previous parts -- 23.1 Part 1 -- 23.2 Part 3 -- 23.3 Part 5 -- 23.4 References
ISBN:9781461383833
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 57
Keywords: Engineering , Mathematical models , Engineering , Engineering, general , Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1993-9789401116046:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Acoustic Signal Processing for Ocean Exploration
Author(s):
Date:1993
Size:1 online resource (676 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-1604-6
Contents:CW and Pulse Propagation Modeling in Ocean Acoustics -- Mechanisms of Bottom Loss in Underwater Acoustics -- Directional Measurement of Deep Sea Ambient Noise Spectra -- Inversion of Acoustic Field Data for Bathymetry and Bottom Sound
Speed via Simulated Annealing -- Non-Parametric Estimation and Statistical Properties of an Ocean Acoustic Pressure Field -- Computation of Modal Wavenumbers and Wavenumber Integrals using Adaptive Methods with Error Control -- Sound
Propagation in Upper Layers of the Ocean Comprising Bubble Clouds -- Matched Field Processing in Ocean Acoustics -- Source Location Observability in the Underwater Multipath Acoustic Channel -- Model-Based Processing of Large
Time-Bandwidth-Product Signals in a Time-Dispersive Ducted Sound Channel -- Signal Resolution in Low Doppler Interference -- Downslope Conversion -- Wideband Matched-Field Processing in a Random Ocean Channel -- Wavefront
Reconstruction Applied to Matched Field Processing in Variable, Multimode Waveguides -- Detection of Slow Targets by a Moving Active Sonar -- The Spatial Correlation and Structure Function for Propagation Loss Fluctuations -- Aspects
of Systems Engineering for a Matched Field Processor -- Geometrical Methods for Direction Determination -- A Comparison of Spatial Signal Processors with Realistic Data -- Array Processing using Higher Order Statistics -- A
Reduced-Rank Generalized Likelihood-Ratio Test -- Estimating the Shape of a Towed Array of Hydrophones Using Both Acoustic and Non-Acoustic Sensor Techniques -- Effect of Biased Compasses on Towed Array Shape Estimates Obtained from
Kaiman Filters -- Estimation of the Directions of Arrival of Signals in Unknown Correlated Noise: Application of Generalized Correlation Analysis -- Performance Evaluation of the High-Resolution Array Processing Algorithms Using Real
Sonar Data -- Acoustic Signal Detection in Uncertain Ocean Environments -- Passive Localization and Tracking of a Narrowband Source -- A Bayesian Approach to Target Detection in Jamming -- Tracking with Doppler and Bearing Measurements
Using Conditional PDF -- Passive Detection and Localization Using Long-Term Spectral Integration -- EM Algorithm for Wideband Source Location Estimation -- Wave Parameters Estimation for Transient Data -- Signal Processing for Swath
Bathymetry and Concurrent Seafloor Acoustic Imaging -- Sonar Imaging of the Seabed: Techniques, Performance, Applications -- Application of Acoustics in Fisheries, with Particular Reference to Signal Processing -- Modelling and
Estimation for Random Fields -- 2D Linear Optimal Statistical Signal Processing on Finite Lattices -- An Evaluation of Target Strength Estimation from Echo Ensembles -- A Distorted Array Focusing Technique for Sonar Imaging -- Are the
Present-days Theoretical Deconvolution Methods Adapted to Ocean Acoustic Tomography in a Complex Acoustic Channel -- Signal and Image Restoration Using a Standard Hopfield Neural Network -- Underwater Surveillance — Concepts, Equipment
and Results -- Signal Processing on FSK Pulses for Seafloor Mapping System -- Multi-Target Ambiguity Functions -- Sliding Windowed Fourier Transforms and the Heisenberg Group -- Optimum Signal Processing and Medium Characterization in
the Time-Frequency and Wavelet Transform Domains -- Wavelet Detection of Real Propagated Transient Signals -- Time-Frequency Approaches for Sonar Target Description: Application to Fisheries -- Supervised Design of Optimal Receivers --
Hartley Cepstrum Analysis of Acoustic Signals -- Pattern Processing in the Mammalian Brain -- A 3D Vision System for Underwater Vehicles: An Extended Kalman-Bucy Filtering Approach -- Robotic Sensors: Acoustic and Optical Options --
Simulation Study of an Integrated Guidance System for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle -- Nonlinear Phase Estimation and Detection in Digital Communication -- A Model Based Equalization Structure for Underwater Communications --
Coherent Communications over Long Range Underwater Acoustic Telemetry Channels -- Characterization of a Class of M-ary Absolute Phase Modulation -- EKF Schemes in Array Processing -- Algorithmic Engineering in Adaptive Signal
Processing -- Development of Parallel Computing -- List of Participants -- Index of Subjects -- Index of Authors
ISBN:9789401116046
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 388
Keywords: Engineering , Oceanography , Image processing , Remote sensing , Electrical engineering , Engineering , Signal, Image and Speech Processing , Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry , Oceanography , Electrical Engineering , Image Processing and Computer Vision
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Call number:SPRINGER-1992-9789401722193:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods Seattle, 1991
Author(s):
Date:1992
Size:1 online resource (474 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-2219-3
Contents:The Gibbs Paradox -- Bayesian Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations -- Bayesian Interpolation -- Estimating the Ratio of Two Amplitudes in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Data -- A Bayesian Method for the Detection of a Periodic
Signal of Unknown Shape and Period -- Linking the Plausible and Demonstrative Inferences -- Dimensional Analysis in Data Modeling -- Entropies of Likelihood Functions -- Maximum Likelihood Estimation of the Lagrange Parameters of the
Maximum Entropy Distributions -- Entropy of Form and Hierarchic Organization -- A Bayesian Looks at the Anthropic Principle -- The Evidence for Neutral Networks -- Unmixing Mineral Spectra Using a Neural Net with Maximum Entropy
Regularization -- Bayesian Mixture Modeling -- Point-Process Theory and the Surveillance of Many Objects -- A Matlab Program to Calculate the Maximum Entropy Distributions -- Memsys as Debugger -- Entropy and Sunspots: Their Bearing on
Time-Series -- Basic Concepts in Multisensor Data Fusion -- Combining Data from Different Experiments: Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis -- Modelling Drug Behaviour in the Body with Maxent -- Information Entropy and Dose-Response
Functions for Risk Analysis -- Making Binary Decisions Based on the Posterior Probability Distribution Associated with Tomographic Reconstructions -- The Application of Maxent to Electrospray Mass Spectrometry -- The Application of
Maxent to Electron Microscopy -- The Inference of Physical Phenomena in Chemistry: Abstract Tomography, Gedanken Experiments, and Surprisal Analysis -- The Maximum Entropy Reconstruction of Patterson and Fourier Densities in
Orientationally Disordered Molecular Crystals: A Systematic Test for Crystallographic Interpolation Models -- On a Bayesian Approach to Coherent Radar Imaging -- Application of Maximum Entropy to Radio Imaging of Geological Features --
Deterministic Signals in Height of Sea Level Worldwide -- The Grand Canonical Sampler for Bayesian Integration -- Recent Developments in Information-Theoretic Statistical Analysis -- Murphy’s Law and Noninformative Priors -- A
Scientific Concept of Probability -- Bayesian Logic and Statistical Mechanics — Illustrated by a Quantum Spin 1/2 Ensemble
ISBN:9789401722193
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics, An International Book Series on The Fundamental Theories of Physics: Their Clarification, Development and Application : 50
Keywords: Computer science , Analytical chemistry , Economic geology , Image processing , Statistics , Computer Science , Image Processing and Computer Vision , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Economic Geology , Analytical Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9789401132220:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonparametric Functional Estimation and Related Topics
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (708 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-011-3222-0
Contents:I. Curve and Functional Estimation -- Reproducing Kernels and Finite Order Kernels -- Laws of the Iterated Logaritm for Density Estimators -- Exponential Inequalities in Nonparametric Estimation -- Conservative Confidence Bands for
Nonparametric Regression -- Data-Adaptive Kernel Estimation -- On the Nonparametric Estimation of the Entropy Functional -- II. Curve and Functional Estimation (Continued) -- Analysis of Samples of Curves -- Bootstrap Methods in
Nonparametric Regression -- On the Influence Function of Maximum Penalized Likelihood Density Estimators -- Nonparametric Curve Estimation and Simple Curve Characteristics -- Applications of Multiparameter Weak Convergence for Adaptive
Nonparametric Curve Estimation -- On Asymptotic Efficiency of Average Derivative Estimates -- Nonparametric Estimation of Elliptically Contoured Densities -- Uniform Deconvolution: Nonparametric Maximum Likelihood and Inverse
Estimation -- III. Parameter Selection, Smoothing -- Smoothing Parameter Selection in Image Restoration -- Estimating the Quantile-Density Function -- Data-Driven Smoothing Based on Convexity Properties -- Prospects for Automatic
Bandwidth Selection in Extensions to Basic Kernel Density Estimation -- Root n Bandwidth Selection -- Estimating Smooth Distribution Functions -- Smoothing Techniques in Time Series Analysis -- IV. Regression Models -- Nonparametric
Inference in Heteroskedastic Regression -- Bounded Influence Regression in the Presence of Heteroskedasticity of Unknown Form -- Linear Regression with Randomly Right-Censored Data Using Prior Nonparametric Estimation -- Universal
Consistencies of a Regression Estimate for Unbounded Regression Functions -- Minimax Bayes Estimation, Penalized Likelihood Methods, and Restricted Minimax Estimation -- On Exponential Bounds on the Bayes Risk of the Nonparametric
Classification Rules -- Nonparametric Regression Analysis of Some Economic Data -- V. Dependent Data -- Nonparametric Regression Methods for Repeated Measurements -- Nonparametric Prediction for Unbounded Almost Stationary Processes --
Monte Carlo and Turbulence -- Kernel Density Estimation Under a Locally Mixing Condition -- Nonparametric Estimation of Survival Functions Under Dependent Competing Risks -- Estimation of Transition Distribution Function and Its
Quantiles in Markov Processes: Strong Consistency and Asymptotic Normality -- L1 Strong Consistency for Density Estimates in Dependent Samples -- VI. Time Series Analysis, Signal Detection -- Nonparametric Statistical Signal Detection
Problems -- Functional Identification in Nonlinear Time Series -- Modelization, Nonparametric Estimation and Prediction for Continuous Time Processes -- Estimation of Chaotic Dynamic Systems with Control Variables -- Nonparametric
Estimation of a Class of Nonlinear Time Series Models -- Semiparametric and Nonparametric Inference from Irregular Observations on Continuous Time Stochastic Processes -- VII. Various Topics -- Complexity Regularization with
Application to Artificial Neural Networks -- Designing Prediction Bands -- Analysis of Observational Studies from the Point of View of Nonparametric Regression -- Some Issues in Cross-Validation -- Nonparametric Function Estimation
Involving Errors-in-Variables -- VII. Various Topics (Continued) -- A Consistent Goodness of Fit Test Based on the Total Variation Distance -- On a Problem in Semiparametric Estimation -- On the Integrable and Approximately Integrable
Linear Statistical Models -- Nonparametric Techniques in Image Estimation -- Regularized Deconvolution on the Circle and the Sphere -- List of Attendants -- Contributed Papers
ISBN:9789401132220
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 335
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistical Theory and Methods
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783540463665:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Aspects of Optical Communications Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the CNRS, Paris, France 26–28 November 1990
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (392 p.)
Note:10.1007/3-540-53862-3
Contents:Quantum limits of measurements and uncertainty principle -- A quantum experiment uncertainty principle: A general 2nd moment uncertainty relation -- Quantum mechanical description of light propagation -- Quantum propagation in optical
fibres -- The uncertainty principle in a QND measurement of photon number -- Some remarks on the phase operator in quantum optics -- Quantum state control and nonlinear schr?dinger equation -- Quantum entropy and quantum measurements
-- Information dynamics and its applications to optical communication processes -- Information theory and quantum correlations -- Physical information theory for 30 years: Basic concepts and results -- Quantum nondemolition measurement
in optical communication theory -- Information in quantum optical communications -- Statistical inference for quantum processes -- A new class of quantum states: Examples and applications -- Continuous non-demolition observation
quantum filtering and optimal estimation -- Entropy production and nonequilibrium stationarity in quantum dynamical systems -- Detection theory in quantum optics and quantum stochastic calculus -- Calculating photocount distributions
by saddlepoint methods -- Rigorous derivation of error probability in coherent optical communication -- Comparison of ppam and ppm formats in photon counting channels -- Optical communication with coherent squeezed state. Realization
of received quantum state control -- A new method for improving the bandwidth utilization efficiency in optical PPM -- Properties of system using spatial multi-mode squeezer -- Achievement of new quantum limit by switching of pump
frequency of squeezer -- Information transmission with squeezed light -- Twin photons and squeezed light -- A new definition and generalization of squeezed states -- Squeezing of a filtered thermal field in a degenerated parametric
optical amplifier -- Displaced number states -- Generalized quadratic generator of squeezed states -- Thermal states with variances smaller than vacuum variances -- Squeezing-symmetry of the balanced homodyne detector -- Optical
communication with novel quantum devices -- Construction of modulator for quantum orthogonal signal by Bright Squeezer -- Efficiency of optical modulations with coherent state -- An optical system at the quantum limit of coherent
detection: The wind lidar -- Simulation of optimum quantum receiver -- Gain, saturation and noise figure of a travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier -- Oral presentation
ISBN:9783540463665
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 378
Keywords: Physics , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Lasers , Photonics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Laser Technology, Photonics , Quantum Optics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9789400911857:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravitational Wave Data Analysis
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (329 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-1185-7
Contents:Table of Contensts -- 1: Sources of Gravitational Radiation -- Sources of Gravitational Radiation -- The Rate of Gravitational Collapse in the MilKy Way -- Gravitational Radiation from Rotating Stellar Core Collapse -- ReMarks on SN
1987a -- Coalescing Binaries to Post-Newtonian Order -- 2: Principles of Signal Processing -- A Review of the Statistical Theory of Signal Detection -- Radio Pulsar Search Techniques -- Sample Covariance Techniques in the Detection of
Gravitational Waves -- 3: Quantum Limits on Detectors -- Parametric Transducers and Quantum Nondemolition in Bar Detectors -- Squeezed States of Light -- 4: Methods of Data Analysis in Gravitational Wave Detectors -- Round Table
Discussion — Gravitational Wave Detectors -- Spacecraft Gravitational Wave Experiments -- Gravitational Wave Experiments with Resonant Antennas -- Gravitational Antenna Bandwidths and Cross Sections -- Comparison of Bars and
Interferometers: Detection of Transient Gravitational Radiation -- Broadband Search Techniques for Periodic Sources of Gravitational Radiation -- Response of Michelson Interferometers to Linearly Polarized Gravitational Waves of
Arbitrary Direction of Propagation -- Data Analysis as a Noise Diagnostic: Looking for Transients in Interferometers -- Data Acquisition and Analysis with the Glasgow Prototype Detector -- On the Analysis of Gravitational Wave Data --
GRAVNET, Multiple Antenna Coincidences and Antenna Patterns for Resonant Bar Antennas -- Coincidence Probabilities for networks of Laser Interferometric Detectors Observing Coalescing Compact Binaries -- Data Analysis Requirements of
Networks of Detectors -- Round-Table on Data Exchange
ISBN:9789400911857
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 253
Keywords: Statistics , Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Statistics , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461308478:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coherence and Quantum Optics VI Proceedings of the Sixth Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics held at the University of Rochester, June 26–28, 1989
Author(s):
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (1348 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0847-8
Contents:Emission Frequency of a Homogeneously Broadened Laser Operating below Threshold -- Dynamics of the NH3 FIR Laser and the Lorenz Model -- Quantum Theory of Interaction of a Resonant Field with a Nonlinear Medium Modelled as an
Anharmonic Oscillator -- Quantum Effects in Light Propagation through a Nonlinear Medium -- Cooperative Modulation Instability in Dispersive Nonlinear Media -- Large Scale Transverse Interactions in Nonlinear Optical System with
2D-Feedback Generation, Hysteresis and Interaction of Wave Structures -- Single-Atom Cavity-Enhanced Absorption: Steady-State Field in the Strong-Coupling Limit -- Quantum Theory of Multiwave Mixing in a Squeezed Vacuum -- Measuring
the Wigner Angle with a Parametric Amplifier -- Delayed Bifurcations in a CO2 Laser with a Slowly Swept Pump -- Experimental Characterization of Shil’nikov Chaos by Statistics of Return Times -- Determination of a Small Photon Number
by Statistical Amplifying Transients -- Progress in Modelling Coherently Pumped Far-Infrared Laser Dynamics -- Extraordinary Behavior of Atoms near a Phase Conjugator -- Squeezed Light Generation with an Incoherent Pump -- Three Wave
Mixing for Multimode Beams -- Dimensionality Studies of Chaotic Attractors in Laser with Injected Signal -- Applications of the Optical Phase Operator -- Classically Chaotic Near-Classical Microwave Ionization -- Angular Correlations
of Bosons and Fermions -- The Physics of Stored Laser Cooled Ion Clusters: Phase Transitions in a System with only a Few Degrees of Freedom -- Theory of the Two-Photon Laser: Cross-Correlation and Laser Thresholds -- Nonclassical
Photon Correlations in Cavity QED -- Silicon Avalanche Photodetectors for Quantum Optics Experiments: Sub-Geiger Performance -- Comparisons of Two Theories of Scattering from Quasi-Homogeneous Media -- Photon-Number Distributions for
Number-State Homodyne Photomixing at a Lossless Beam Splitter -- Models and Approximations for Instabilities in Standing-Wave Lasers -- Near Threshold Behavior of Multimode CW Dye Lasers with an Amplitude Modulated Pump -- Radiation
Theory for Two-Photon Processes -- Behavior of a Ring Laser with Injected Signal near Threshold -- Optical Manifestations of Berry’s Topological Phase: Classical and Quantum Aspects -- Theory and Photon Statistics of a Free Electron
Laser -- Investigation of ? Phase Jumps in a Ring Laser -- Phase Fluctuation and Damping in Two-Level Optical Resonance -- Relaxation Problems and Lifetimes in Nonlinear Optical Systems -- Optical Systems Driven by Inputs with Reduced
Intensity Fluctuations: A Possible Master Equation Approach -- QED of a Two-Level Atom and Photodetection -- Competion between Counter-Propagating Waves in Laser Dynamics -- Nonlinear Dynamics of a Laser Containing A Modulated
Saturable Absorber -- Transition from Classical “Maxwell-Boltzmann” to Quantum, “Bose-Einstein” Partition Statistics by Stochastic Splitting of Degenerate Light -- Strong Photon Localization in Microcavity Stimulated Emission --
Optical Experiments Illustrating the Significance of the Bell Inequalities -- High Intensity Effects in Raman Scattering -- Fluctuation Interferometer as High Angular-Resolution Sensor of Laser Illumination -- Self-Observation and
Self-Referral in Lasers: An Analysis of the Transition from Quantum to Classical Behavior -- Mode-Locked Superfluorescence -- The Wigner Function of Two-Mode Squeezed States Free and Dissipative Evolution -- Coherent Scattering of
Light in an Aharonov-Bohm Geometry -- Bloch Electrons in Coherent Light: A New Type of Renormalization -- Coherent Population Trapping and Its Effects on Light-Induced Drift -- Stochastic Resonance in Bistable Systems -- Spontaneous
and Induced Emission of Soft Bosons: Exact Non-Markovian Solutions -- Coherence and Interference in Photoionization of a Rydberg Atom -- Photon Antibunching in Spontaneous Emission from Two Nonidentical Atoms -- Excitation into a
Quasicontinuum by a Fluctuating Laser Field -- Stimulated Photon Echo Induced by Broad-Bandwidth Pulses -- Scattering of Electromagnetic Fields of Any State of Coherence from Fluctuating Media -- Local and Global Bifurcations of
Optically-Pumped Three-Level Lasers -- A New Test of Bell’s Inequality Using Optical Interference -- Soliton Collisions for Quantum Non-Demolition Measurement of Photon Number: The QND Soliton Interferometer -- A Semiclassical Theory
of Ultrafast Pump-Probe Spectroscopy: Visualization and Interpretation of Experiment -- Elimination of the Dynamics of the Rotational Levels in a Four-Level CO2 Laser Model -- Quantum Statistical Properties of Optical Phase Conjugation
-- Universal Normal-Form Description of Squeezing in Two-Photon Processes -- Microwave Excitation and Ionization of H Atoms at High Scaled Frequencies: Comparisons of Experiments and Theories -- Spectral Changes in Light Propagation
from a Class of Partially Coherent Sources -- Phase-Sensitive Light Amplifiers in Stellar Interferometry -- Using Modulation Response to Determine Dynamical Parameters and Appropriate Models for Single-Mode Lasers -- Squeezed Light and
the Single Atom -- Atomic Coherent States, Phase Transitions and Squeezing from Rydberg Atoms -- Saturation Behavior of Parametric Four-Wave Mixing Due to Two-Photon Interference Effect -- Bistability and Chaos in Counterpropagating
Laser Beams -- Experimental Study of Two-Photon Rabi Oscillations -- Manifestation of Berry’s Phase in Parametric Amplifiers -- Photo-Dynamics of a Single Trapped Three-Level Ion -- Atoms in Cavities -- Optical Correlation Functions
and Squeezing in the Jaynes-Cummings Model -- Higher Order Squeezing of Thermal Radiation through Parametric Amplification -- Some Modal Expansions of Partially Coherent Fields -- Two-Photon Transition Driven by Parametrically
Down-Converted Light: A Linear Intensity Dependence -- Quantum Noise Initiated Mode-Hopping in Semiconductor Lasers -- Measurement of the Effect of Resonant Light Pressure on the Dispersion Curve of a Gas of Two- Level Atoms --
Detection of Decay Processes and Cavity Fields by Means of Quantum-Jump Statistics -- Diffracting Atoms from Evanescent Light Fields -- Production of a (Phase) Random Telegraph Field -- Composite Materials for Nonlinear Optics: Theory
and Experiment -- Test of the Linearity of Quantum Mechanics by RF Spectroscopy of the 9BE+ Ground State -- Gain Noise in Dye Lasers -- Sum and Difference Squeezing -- Excitation of Three-State Atom with Minimum Population of
Intermediate State -- Self-Focusing Limitations on Squeezed State Generation in Two-Level Media -- Observations of Sub-Poisson and Poisson Photon Statistics from the Fluorescence of Individual Barium Atoms -- Enhancement of
Antibunching in Second Harmonic Generation -- Phase-Dependent Lineshape in Multiple Pump-Probe Interactions -- Comparison of Lorenz-Like Laser Behavior with the Lorenz Model -- Atom-Photon Interaction Modified by a Microwave Cavity --
Influence of the Local Oscillator on Homodyne Detection of Squeezed Vacuum -- Sensitivity to Initial Conditions in Classical and Quantum Dynamics -- Quantum Optics of Single, Trapped Ions -- Generation, Detection and Applications of
Sub-Poissonian Light -- The Spectrum of Radiation from a Moving Source of Any State of Coherence -- Intermittency and Chaos in Intracavity Doubled Lasers -- Rectification of the Light Pressure Force Acting on a Three-State Atom --
Optical Second-Harmonic Generation from Jellium. The Collective-Mode Pattern Studied Via the Nonlinear Energy Reflection Coefficient -- Squeezing in Two-Photon Optical Bistability and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing -- Metric-Perturbed
Shifts in Superradiant States -- Optical Second-Harmonic Generation and Rectification in a Superconductor with Cooper-Pairing -- Optical Spectra of a Strongly Coupled System of Atoms in a Cavity Driven by Squeezed Light -- The
Squeezing of Fock and Thermal Field States -- Dissipative Quantum Dynamics in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics -- Scaling of Spontaneous Emission and Intermolecular Interactions in a Dielectric Medium Using Polaritons -- Excited-State
Relaxation Dynamics in a Continuous Wave Dye Laser -- Temporal Instabilities and Chaos in Photorefractive Four-Wave Mixing -- Diagrammatic Methods for Nonlinear Response of a System Dressed by Resonant External Fields -- Spatial
Quantum Fluctuations in Stimulated Raman Scattering -- Field-Matter Interactions in Photonic Bandgaps -- Detection of Squeezed Light by Coherently Superposed Detector States -- Analysis of Super-Gaussian Statistics of N-Harmonic Fields
by Nonlinear Gaussian Expansions -- Transient Squeezing and Time-Dependent Spectra of a Strongly Driven Three-Level Atom Undergoing Quantum Jumps -- Delayed Feedback Acting as Noise to Induce Phase Transitions -- Spectral Analysis for
the Coherence Collapsed Diode Laser -- On the Analogy between Electrons and Light -- Population Trapping Effect for System with Double Autoionizing Levels -- Information Performance for a Binary Channel with Photoncounting Detection --
Heterodyne Spectrum of the Fluorescence from Optical Molasses -- An Infinite Ladder Coupled to a Quantum Mode An Exactly Solvable Quantum Model -- Super-Regenerative Laser Receiver -- Very High Order Harmonic Conversion of an Intense
YAG Laser Radiation in Rare Gases -- Spatially-Localized Two-Particle Interference at a Beam Splitter -- Comparative Study of Various Quasiprobability Distributions in a Two-Photon Correlated-Emission Laser -- Quantum Theory of
Two-Photon Correlated-Spontaneous-Emission Lasers: Exact Atom-Field Interaction Hamiltonian Approach -- Nonlinear Dynamics of Raman Lasers in the Good and Bad Cavity Limit -- A Monte Carlo Study of Superradiance -- Polarization
Dynamics in a Quasi-Isotropic Laser -- Understanding Squeezed States and Their Detection Using the Schrodinger Picture. -- Para-Bose Squeezed States -- Measurements, Dynamics and State Preparation in a Micromaser -- Preparation of
Nonclassical
ISBN:9781461308478
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Keywords: Physics , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Electrical engineering , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Electrical Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9781461387404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Multivariate Analysis
Author(s): Ira H Bernstein
Date:1988
Size:1 online resource (508 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8740-4
Contents:1 Introduction and Preview -- Overview -- Multivariate Analysis: A Broad Definition -- Multivariate Analysis: A Narrow Definition -- Some Important Themes -- The Role of Computers in Multivariate Analysis -- Choosing a Computer
Package -- Problems in the Use of Computer Packages -- 2 Some Basic Statistical Concepts -- Overview -- Univariate Data Analysis -- Bivariate Data Analysis -- Statistical Control: A First Look at Multivariate Relations -- 3 Some Matrix
Concepts -- Overview -- Basic Definitions -- Basic Matrix Operations -- An Application of Matrix Algebra -- More about Linear Combinations -- Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors -- 4 Multiple Regression and Correlation—Part 1. Basic concepts
-- Overview -- Assumptions Underlying Multiple Regression -- Basic Goals of Regression Analysis -- The Case of Two Predictors -- The Case of More Than Two Predictors -- Inferential Tests -- Evaluating Alternative Equations -- Example
1—Perfect Prediction -- Example 2—Imperfect Prediction plus a Look at Residuals -- Example 3—Real Personality Assessment Data -- Alternative Approaches to Data Aggregation -- 5 Multiple Regression and Correlation—Part 2. Advanced
Applications -- Overview -- Nonquantitative Variables -- The Simple Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) -- Multiple Comparisons -- Evaluation of Quantitative Relations -- The Two-Way ANOVA -- The Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) -- Repeated
Measures, Blocked and Matched Designs -- Higher-Order Designs -- 6 Exploratory Factor Analysis -- Overview -- The Basic Factor Analytic Model -- Common Uses of Factor Analysis -- An Overview of the Exploratory Factoring Process --
Principal Components -- Factor Definition and Rotation -- The Common Factor Model -- An Example of the Common Factor Model -- Factor Scores -- Addendum: Constructing Correlation Matrices with a Desired Factor Structure -- 7
Confirmatory Factor Analysis -- Overview -- Comparing Factor Structures -- Oblique Multiple Groups Tests of Weak Structure -- LISREL Tests of Weak Substantive Models -- LISREL Tests of Strong Substantive Models -- Causal Models and
Path Analysis -- Causal Models and LISREL -- Addendum: A Program to Obtain Oblique Multiple Groups Solutions -- 8 Classification Methods—Part 1. Forming Discriminant Axes -- Overview -- Discriminant Analysis with Two Groups and Two
Predictors -- Discriminant Analysis with Two Predictors and Three Groups -- Discriminant Analysis—The General Case -- 9 Classification Methods—Part 2. Methods of Assignment -- Overview -- The Equal Variance Gaussian Model -- The
Unequal Variance Gaussian Model -- Other Signal Detection Models -- Strategies for Individual Classification -- Alternative Strategies—An Overview -- A Numerical Example -- Classification Based on Salient Variables -- Discriminant
Functions and Classification -- Classification Based on Distance Measures -- A Summary of Strategic Considerations in Classification -- 10 Classification Methods—Part 3. Inferential Considerations in the Manova -- Overview -- The
Two-Group MANOVA and Hotelling’s T2 -- Tests of Vector Means with Multiple Groups -- The Simple MANOVA with Multiple Groups -- The Multivariate MANOVA -- The MANCOVA -- 11 Profile and Canonical Analysis -- Overview -- Profile
Similarity -- Simple and Hierarchical Clustering -- Canonical Analysis -- 12 Analysis of Scales -- Overview -- Properties of Individual Items -- Test Reliability -- Numerical Example I: A Unifactor Scale -- Numerical Example II: A
Two-Factor Scale -- Test Validity -- Appendix A—Tables of the Normal Curve -- Appendix D—Tables of Orthogonal Polynomial Coefficients -- Problems -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461387404
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Statistics , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance , Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9789400953611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Adaptive Methods in Underwater Acoustics
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (785 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-5361-1
Contents:1. Acoustical Background of Signal Processing -- Twenty years of signal processing -- Ambient noise: characteristics of the noise field -- An analytical method to predict the statistical characteristics of ambient shipping noise --
Statistical aspects of sound propagation in the ocean -- Towed array response to ship noise: a near-field propagation problem -- Three-dimensional FFP model of acoustic- and elastic wave propagation in horizontally layered media --
Seismic sensors in underwater acoustics: results from sea-floor measurements in areas of different geology -- Underwater acoustics in the Arctic Ocean -- A new theory for the transmission and reflection coefficient of layered systems
-- Second moments of the pressure field near a smooth caustic -- Stochastic systems theory of the scattering of waves from a random medium -- Hydrodynamic flow noise in hydrophones -- Wavevector structure of turbulent wall pressure and
its filtering by normal transmission and spatial averaging in sensor arrays -- Target strength and echo structure -- 2. Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Signal Processing -- Time delay estimation -- Time delay estimation in the
presence of multipath propagation -- Constrained time delay estimation via zero-crossing methods -- Range and bearing determination: Maximum Likelihood and Kalman-Bucy techniques -- Delay estimation with nonstationary signals and
correlated observation noises -- Source parameter estimation by approximate Maximum Likelihood -- On the use of focused horizontal arrays as mode separation and source location devices in ocean acoustics -- High-resolution source-depth
estimation in ice covered shallow water -- Spectrum analysis: overview of classical and high resolution spectral estimation -- Application of high resolution spatial processing methods to real data of a fixed array in shallow water --
Experimentation of spatial processing methods -- Simultaneous estimation of spectral lines and of a superimposed continuous spectral density -- Fitting sinusoids to sampled data and correlation sequences -- An extended maximum entropy
method for high resolution spatial processing -- Spectral and interspectral analysis of low frequency submarine acoustic signals received on an array of sensors -- Overview of adaptive array processing -- New approaches in the adaptive
array processing field -- Multiple detection using eigenvalues when the noise spatial coherence is partially unknown -- Theoretical and experimental comparisons of optimum element, beam and eigen space array processors -- Applications
of some statistical measures to spatial signal processing -- The cross correlation matrix in spatial processing -- The effect of bandwidth on the performance of a postbeamformer interference canceller -- A new approach to the design of
broadband element space antenna array processors -- On the role of prior information in nonlinear bearing estimation -- Beamforming by the cross-correlation analysis of received spectra -- Applications of adaptive array processing --
Adaptive active sonar reception in shallow water using vertical array outputs covariance matrix eigenvalues: experimental results -- Beamforming with a distorted towed array -- Influence of hydrophone position errors on spatial signal
processing algorithms -- A tutorial introduction to nonlinear filtering -- Detection with uncertainty: Nonparametric, robust or adaptive approaches -- The design of optimal processors for arrays with non-Gaussian noise inputs --
Adaptive processing of underwater acoustic signals in non-Gaussian noise environments: I. Detection in the space-time threshold regimes -- Detection and classification phenomena of biological systems -- Detection and recognition of
moving or randomly scaled objects -- Iterative algorithms for deconvolution and reconstruction of multidimensional signals from their projections -- 3. Techniques and Applications -- Digital signal processing for sonar -- Optical
signal processing -- Beamforming for sonar signals by means of an incoherent acousto-optical processor: experimental results -- Adaptation of fiber optics to hydrophone applications -- Ceramic elastomer composite hydrophone -- Expert
systems for ship noise interpretation -- Comparison of the statistical and the expert system approach for the interpretation of ship noise -- Signal processing techniques to analyse and simulate radiated underwater ship propeller noise
-- Signal processing in ocean tomography -- New advances towards ocean, acoustics and space integration -- Passive synthetic aperture sonar — an analysis of the beamforming process -- Techniques for measuring backscattering from the
sea floor with an array -- AEON — adaptive time-space array processing -- Summaries of Workshops
ISBN:9789400953611
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO ASI Series, Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 151
Keywords: Earth sciences , Oceanography , Earth Sciences , Oceanography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9781461327790:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Acoustical Imaging
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (606 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-2779-0
Contents:Inversion and Tomography -- Inverse Solution for Multiple Scattering in Inhomogeneous Acoustic Media -- A Filtered Backpropagation Algorithm for Fan Beam Diffraction Tomography (Abstract) -- Fourier Domain Reconstruction Methods with
Application to Diffraction Tomography -- Image Reconstruction from Limited Projections Using the Angular Periodicity of the Fourier Transform of the Radon Transforms of an Object -- Multi-Frequency Diffraction Tomography -- The Inverse
Acoustical Scattering Problem for Layered Media in the Presence of Broad-band Acoustic Noise and with Limited Transducer Bandwidth -- Fast Iterative Algorithms for Inverse Scattering Solutions of the Helmholtz and Riccati Wave
Equations -- Microscopy -- Acoustical Imaging/NDE of Complex Geometries Using Refraction and Reflection Transmission Techniques in Acoustic Microscopy (Abstract) -- Computer-Assisted Tomographic Acoustic Microscopy for Subsurface
Imaging -- The Origin of Grain Contrast in the Scanning Acoustic Microscope -- Detection of Surface-Breaking Cracks in the Acoustic Microscope -- Scattering and Propagation -- Description of the Pulsed Acoustic Field of a Linear
Diagnostic Ultrasound Array Using a Simple Approximate Expression -- Cross-Sectional Measurements and Extrapolations of Ultrasonic Fields (Abstract) -- Spectrum of Echo Scattered by Simple Object Placed at Focal Plane of Ultrasonic
Transducer -- Measurement and Simulation of the Scattering of Ultrasound by Penetrable Cylinders -- Fresnel Approximation in the Non Paraxial Case and in Absorbing Media -- Tissue and Material Characterization -- Material
Characterization by Acoustic Line-Focus Beam -- Ultrasonic Velocity Spatial Distribution Analysis of Biological Materials with the Scanning Laser Acoustic Microscope -- Diffraction of Ultrasound by Soft Tissues: The Inhomogeneous
Continuous Model -- Tissue Information from Ultrasound Scattering -- Signal Processing -- Stable Impedance Profile Reconstruction by Spike Train Approximation -- Golay Codes for Simultaneous Multi-Mode Ultrasonic Imaging -- Spectral
Equalisation: A Signal Processing Technique to Increase Pulse-Echo Signal Bandwidth -- The Modified Discrete Wigner Distribution and Its Application to Acoustic Well Logging -- Two-Dimensional Statistical Analysis of Synthetically
Focused Images -- TRANSDUCERS AND ARRAYS -- Acoustical Imaging Techniques Applied to General Transducer Design -- Fresnel Zone Plate and Fresnel Phase Plate Patterns for Acoustic Transducers -- A New Technique for Realizing Annular
Arrays or Complex Shaped Transducers -- A Hybrid Trapped Energy Mode Transducer -- Annular Surface Wave Transducer -- Imaging Systems -- Acoustic Spectral Interferometry: A New Method for Sonic Velocity Determination -- Thermoacoustic
Imaging Induced by Deeply Penetrating Radiation -- Observation of Acoustic Signals from a Phantom in an 18 Mev Electron Beam for Cancer Therapy -- Holographic Imaging System Using Wideband Chirped Ultrasound -- Real-time 2-Dimensional
Doppler Flow Mapping Using Auto-Correlation -- Imaging of the Ultrasonic Velocity and Reflection Properties of Objects by a C-Scan Method -- Improvement and Quatitative Assessment of B-Mode Images Produced by Annular Array/Cone Hybrids
(Abstract) -- Image Interpolation for Real-Time Compound Dual Sector Scans -- A Digital Pulse-Echo System Based on Acoustic Inversion (Abstract) -- A Dual B-Scan for Attenuation Acoustical Imaging -- In-Situ Silt Density Measurements
Using a Broadband Parametric Sound Source -- Computer-Aided Imaging with Optically-Scanned Acoustic Transducers -- Special Techniques -- Simulation of Imaging Systems for Underwater Viewing -- Imaging of Cluttered Targets in Colourerd
Absorptive Media -- Seismic Tomography Applied to Surface Wave Analysis -- Application of Acoustical Holography to Noise Suppression -- Probabilistic Image Reconstruction Using Experimental Ultrasonic Data -- Errata “Generalization of
Gabor’s Theory?The Theory of Multi-beam Holographic Interference -- Participants -- Author Index
ISBN:9781461327790
Series:eBooks
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Series:Acoustical Imaging: 13
Keywords: Physics , Acoustics , Physics , Acoustics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1982-9789400978522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Study of Fast Processes and Transient Species by Electron Pulse Radiolysis Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Capri, Italy, 7–18 September, 1981
Author(s):
Date:1982
Size:1 online resource (660 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-009-7852-2
Contents:Absorption of Energy From Ionizing Radiation -- 1. X-rays and ?-rays -- (a) Photoelectric effect -- (b) Compton effect -- (c) Pair production -- 2. Electrons -- (a) Excitation and ionisation of molecules -- (b) Emission of radiation
-- (c) Electron range -- (d) Low energy electrons -- 3. Heavy Positive Particles -- (a) High energy -- (b) Low energy -- 4. Neutrons -- References -- Basics of Radiation Chemistry -- Spacial Distribution and Reaction Kinetics -- 1.
Charge Particle Tracks and Track Densities -- 2. Spur Reactions -- 3. Non-Homogeneous Kinetics -- Time Scale of Events in a Liquid -- 1. Development -- 2. Summary of Time Scale -- References -- Sources of Pulsed Radiation -- 1.
Introduction -- 2. Types of Pulsed Radiation Sources -- 2.1. Microwave linear accelerators -- 2.2. Febetrons -- 2.3. Other sources of pulsed radiation -- 3. Physical Dosimetry for Pulses Sources -- References -- Chemical Dosimetry of
Pulsed Electron and X-Ray Sources in the 1-20 MeV Range -- 1.1. Units of Absorbed Dose -- 1.2. Units of Radiation Chemical Yield -- 2.1. Principles of Chemical Dosimetry -- 2.2. The Ferrous Sulphate or Fricke Dosimeter -- 2.3. The
“Super Fricke Dosimeter” -- 2.4. Other Dosimeters Suitable for High Intensity Pulsed Sources -- 3.1. Dosimetry by the Measurement of Fugitive Species -- 3.2. Sources of Error -- 1. Correction due to pulse duration -- 2. Correction for
response time of system -- 3.3. The Thiocyanate Dosimeter -- 3.4. The Hydrated Electron Dosimeter -- 3.5. The Ferrocyanide Dosimeter -- References -- Optical Monitoring Techniques -- 1. General Considerations -- 2. Optical Systems --
2.1. Lenses -- 2.2. Mirrors -- 2.3. Light-Sources -- 2.4. Monochromators -- 3. Monitoring Techniques -- 3.1. Photodetectors -- 3.2. Photomultipliers -- 3.3. Photodiodes -- 3.4. Detector circuits -- References -- Conductivity Monitoring
Techniques -- Electrical Principles -- Limitations -- Experimental Set-ups -- Chemical Examples -- Conclusion -- References -- Polarography Monitoring Techniques -- Experimental Section -- Examples -- Conclusion -- References -- The
Microwave Absorption Technique For Studying Ions and Ionic Processes -- Experimental -- General -- Circuit components -- Irradiation cells -- Irradiation conditions -- Data Reduction -- Reflection cell -- Resonant cavity cell -- The
yield-mobility product -- Application and Comparison with other Techniques -- References -- EPR and NMR Detection of Transient Radicals and Reaction Products -- Time Resolved EPR -- Pulsed EPR -- Time resolved spectra -- Time sweep --
Free induction decay -- NMR in Radiation Chemistry -- References -- Radical Ions and Excited States in Radiolysis. Optically Detected Time Resolved EPR -- Method, Results and Discussion -- References -- Light Scattering Techniques for
Investigation of Transients Produced in Electron Pulse Radiolysis -- Rayleigh Scattering -- Raman Scattering -- Background -- Origin of resonance enhancement -- Experimental -- Pulse radiolysis and TR3 detection -- Current activity --
References -- Data Acquisition and Analysis in Pulse Radiolysis Part is Control, Digitization, and Analysis -- 1.0. Introduction -- 2.0. Timing and Control -- 3.0. Digitisation of the Transient Signal -- 3.1. Oscilloscopes -- 3.2.
Electronic digitiser -- 3.3. Diode matrix technique -- 3.4. Streak cameras -- 3.5. Pulse-probe technique -- 3.6. Counting methods -- 3.7. Computer as digitiser -- 4.0. Data Processing and Analysis -- 4.1. Initial data processing --
4.2. Simple linear fitting -- 4.3. Iterative linear regression -- 4.4. Direct solution of kinetic equations -- 4.5. Deconvolution -- 4.6. Statistical considerations -- 5.0. Conclusion -- References -- Data Acquisition and Analysis in
Pulse Radiolysis Part II: Computerization -- 1.0. Introduction -- 2.0. Historical Survey -- 2.1. The computer revolution -- 2.2. Computers in pulse radiolysis -- 3.0. Techniques of Laboratory Computerisation -- 3.1. Computer hardware
-- Minicomputers -- Microcomputers -- 3.2. Hardware Interfacing -- Camac -- GPIB -- S-100 Bus -- Ethernet -- 3.3. Operating systems -- 3.4. Programming languages -- 4.0. Some General Aspects of Design and Implementation -- 4.1.
Flexibility -- 4.2. Ease of use -- 4.3. Manual control option -- 4.4. How much computerisation? -- 5.0. Conclusion -- References -- Rapid Techniques for Correcting Nanosecond Kinetic Traces for Convolution Error -- 1.0. Introduction --
2.0. Separation of the Convolution Integral -- 3.0. Model Excitation Response Function -- 4.0. Discussion -- 5.0. Examples -- 6.0. Conclusion -- References -- Basic Radiation Chemistry of Liquid Water -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Primary
Events -- 3. Experimental Evidence for Spurs -- 4. Yields of the Primary Species -- 4.1. Yields in neutral solution -- 4.2. Dependence on pH -- 5. Initial Yields -- 6. Properties of the Primary Radicals -- 6.1. Hydrated electron --
6.2. Hydrogen atom -- 6.3. Hydroxy1 radical -- 6.4. Perhydroxyl radical -- 7. Water Radiolysis as a Chemical Tool -- 7.1. Oxidising conditions -- 7.2. Reducing conditions -- 8. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Applications of Water
Radiolysis in Inorganic Chemistry -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inorganic Free Radicals -- 3. Non-metallic Compounds -- 3.1. Oxyhalogen ions -- 3.2. Borohydride ion -- 4. Aquo-metal Ions in Unusual Oxidation States -- 5. Lanthanides and
Actinides -- 6. Transition Metal Complexes -- 6.1. Electron transfer -- 6.2. Coordinated free radicals -- 6.3. Aquation of transition metal complexes -- 6.4. Change in symmetry -- 7. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Application of
Pulse Radiolysis to the Study of Aqueous Organic Systems -- Reactions of OH, e-aq and H -- Hydroxyl radicals -- Hydrated electrons -- Hydrogen atoms -- Design of Experiments -- Radicals formed from OH reactions -- Radicals formed from
e-aq reactions -- Radicals formed from H reactions -- Acid-base properties -- Errors -- Free Radicals Formed from Organic Compounds -- Hydrocarbons -- Halides -- Alcohol and carbonyl compounds -- Sulphur compounds -- References --
Application of Pulse Radiolysis to the Study of Molecules of Biological Importance -- One Electron Reduction Potentials -- Quinones -- Carbohydrates -- Amino Acids and Peptides -- Pyridine Compounds -- Flavins -- Haem and Haemoproteins
-- Vitamin B12 -- Excited States -- References -- Structure and Dynamics of Paramagnetic Transients By Pulsed EPR and NMR Detection of Nuclear Resonance -- Time Resolved EPR -- NMR Detection of Nuclear Resonance -- CIDNP and CIDEP
Contributions -- References -- Transients in Low Temperature Aqueous Glasses -- 1. The Glassy State -- 2. Techniques Used in Matrix Isolation Studies -- Recombination Luminescences -- Electro Luminescences -- 3. Radiation Chemistry in
Glassy Matrices -- 4. Examples of Aqueous Glasses -- 4.1. Pure ice -- 4.2. Acid glasses -- 4.3. Alkaline glasses -- 4.4. Salt glasses -- 4.5. Ethylene glycol-water glasses -- 5. The Fate of Trapped Electrons -- 6. Conclusion --
References -- Labile Species and Fast Processes in Liquid Alcohol Radiolysis -- Overall Reaction -- Major products -- Minor products -- Non-homogeneous Kinetics and Fast Processes -- Decomposition of e-s -- References -- Labile Species
and Fast Processes in Liquid Alkanes -- Ionic Species -- Free ion yields -- Ions in spurs -- Kinetics -- Free Radicals -- Yields -- Reactions -- Excited States -- Yields -- References -- The Dynamics of Electrons and Ions in Non-Polar
Liquids -- Historical perspective -- Ionisation -- Recombination and Escape -- Correlated ion pair kinetics -- The free ion yield -- Homogeneous ion recombination -- Mobilities -- General -- Electrons -- Solvent-radical cations --
Solvent-radical anions -- Molecular ions -- Scavenging Yields -- References -- Molecular Excited States in Liquid Systems -- Primary Events during Fast Electron Bombardment -- Contribution of Pulse Radiolysis -- References --
Radiolytic Studies of Micelles and Other Aggregated Systems -- Cell Membranes -- Micelles -- Reverse Micelles -- Liposomes and Vesicles -- The Hydrated Electron -- The Hydroxy1 Radical -- Reduction of Dimensionality -- Electron
Transfer Reactions -- Binding of Proteins to Vesicle Bilayers -- References -- Transients in Low Temperature Organic Glasses -- 1. Different Types of Organic Glasses -- 2. Properties of Trapped Electrons -- 2.1. The trapping process --
2.2. Structure of trapped electrons -- 3. Reactions of Trapped Electrons -- 3.1. Reaction with scavengers -- 3.2. Reaction with cations -- 4. Cation Radicals -- References -- The Use of Pulse Radiolysis to Study Transient Species in
the Gas Phase -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Excited States -- 2.1. Pure rare gases -- 2.2. Rare gases containing additives -- 3. Charged Species -- 3.1. Recombination -- 3.2. Ion-molecule reactions -- 3.3. Electron capture -- 4. Atoms and
Radicals -- References -- Index of Subjects
ISBN:9789400978522
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 86
Keywords: Chemistry , Nuclear chemistry , Chemistry , Nuclear Chemistry
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