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Call number: | 9783319583655:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Intercultural Communication and Science and Technology Studies |
Author(s): |
Luis Reyes-Galindo Tiago Ribeiro Duarte |
Publisher: | Palgrave Macmillan |
Contents: | Introduction: Intercultural Communication and Science and Technology Studies -- Part I: Interdisciplinary Communication -- Part II: Intercultural Communication Beyond Science's Boundaries |
ISBN: | 9783319583655 |
Keywords: | Social Science , Sociology |
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Call number: | 9783319463315:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Agent-Based Modeling of Sustainable Behaviors |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XVII, 257 p. 86 illus., 67 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Psychologically Plausible Models in Agent-Based Simulations of Sustainable Behavior -- Modelling Everyday Pro-Environmental Norm Transmission and Diffusion in Workplace Networks -- Empirically-Derived Behavioral Rules in Agent-Based |
Models Using Decision Trees Learned From Questionnaire Data -- The Implementation of the Theory of Planned Behavior in an Agent-Based Model for Waste Recycling: A Review and a Proposal -- Social Simulations Through an Agent-Based | |
Platform, Location Data and 3D Models -- An Intersection-Centric Auction-Based Traffic Signal Control Framework -- Agentdrive: Agent-Based Simulator for Intelligent Cars and its Application for Development of a Lane-Changing Assistant | |
-- City Parking Allocations as a Bundle of Society-Aware Deals -- Sustainable Farming Behaviours: an Agent Based Modelling and LCA Perspective -- Agent-Based Simulation of Electricity Markets: Risk Management and Contracts for | |
Difference -- Energy Management in the Smart Grids via Intelligent Storage Systems | |
ISBN: | 9783319463315 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Artificial intelligence , Game theory , Sustainable development , Economic sociology , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences , Organizational Studies, Economic Sociology , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Sustainable Development |
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Call number: | 9783319436395:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Cyberemotions Collective Emotions in Cyberspace |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XIV, 318 p. 90 illus., 34 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction to Cyberemotions -- Part I Foundations -- Part I Foundations -- Part III Modeling -- Part IV Applications |
ISBN: | 9783319436395 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Application software , Mass media , Communication , Social sciences in mass media , Experiential research , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Media Sociology , Psychology Research , Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences , Information Systems Applications (incl. Internet) |
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Call number: | 9783319424248:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy Introduction and Essays on New and Changing Paradigms in Socio-Economic Thinking |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (VIII, 232 p p.) |
Contents: | Non-Equilibrium Social Science & Policy -- Economics -- Social Psychology and Narrative Economy -- Sociology and Non-Equilibrium Social Science -- Geography far from Equilibrium -- Cities in Disequilibrium -- The Evolutionary Theory |
of Globalization -- Systems, Networks, and Policy -- Towards a Complexity-Friendly Policy: breaking the vicious circle of equilibrium thinking in economic and public policy -- The Information Economy -- Complexity Science & the Art of | |
Policy Making -- The Complexity of Government -- The Room Around the Elephant: Tackling Context-Dependency in the Social Sciences -- Global Systems Science and Policy -- Index. | |
ISBN: | 9783319424248 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Operations research , Decision making , Complexity, Computational , Economic theory , Social sciences , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Methodology of the Social Sciences , Economic Theory/Quantitative Economics/Mathematical Methods , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Complexity |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 9783319256580:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Participatory Sensing, Opinions and Collective Awareness |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XXVII, 405 p. 83 illus., 70 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Part I New Sensing Technologies for Societies and Environment -- Part II Citizen Science, Participatory Sensing and Social Computation -- Part III Collective Awareness, Learning and Decision Making -- Appendix: Software and Hardware |
Tools | |
ISBN: | 9783319256580 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Application software , Environmental monitoring , Social policy , Economic sociology , Physics , Data-driven Science, Modeling and Theory Building , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences , Organizational Studies, Economic Sociology , Monitoring/Environmental Analysis , Social Policy |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 1119940389:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Analytical Sociology: Actions and Networks |
Author(s): |
Manzo |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Wiley |
Size: | 1 online resource (449 p.) |
ISBN: | 9781119940388 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Statistics |
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Call number: | 0470711744:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Agent-Based Computational Sociology |
Author(s): |
Squazzoni |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Wiley |
Size: | 1 online resource (257 p.) |
ISBN: | 9780470711743 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319271675:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Research Methodology The Aims, Practices and Ethics of Science |
Author(s): |
Peter Pruzan |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (1 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-27167-5 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Science -- Hypotheses, Theories and Laws -- Scientific Statements: Their Justification and Acceptance -- Measurement -- Experimentation -- Scientific Method and the Design of Research -- Uncertainty, Probability and |
Statistics in Research -- Research -- Ethics and Responsibility in Scientific Research | |
ISBN: | 9783319271675 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Research , Science education , Physical measurements , Measurement , Statistics , Sociology , Physics , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Research Ethics , Research Methodology , Statistics for Life Sciences, Medicine, Health Sciences , Science Education |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319239385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | New Frontiers in the Study of Social Phenomena Cognition, Complexity, Adaptation |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (206 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-23938-5 |
Contents: | For a Computational Social and Behavioral Science -- Part I: New Theories -- Cognitively Rich Architectures for Agent-based Models of Social Behaviors and Dynamics: A Multi-scale Perspective -- Reciprocity, Punishment, Institutions: |
The Streets to Social Collaboration -- The Effect of Legal and Social Norms in Countering Extortion Racket Systems -- Experimental Economycs and Tax Evasion -- Exploring Reputation-based Cooperation -- Part II: New Applications -- A | |
Novel Interdisciplinary Approach to Socio-Technical Complexity: Sociologically-driven, Computable Methods for Sport Spectator Crowds’ Semi-supervised Analysis -- Trends in Social Science: The Impact of Computational and Simulative | |
Models -- On the Quality of Collective Decisions in Sociotechnical Systems: Transparency, Fairness and Efficiency -- How Crime Spreads Through Imitation in Social Networks: A Simulation Model -- NewsMarket 2.0: Analysis of News for | |
Stock Price Forecasting | |
ISBN: | 9783319239385 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Application software , System theory , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Complexity, Computational , Economic sociology , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Computer Appl. in Social and Behavioral Sciences , Organizational Studies, Economic Sociology , Complex Systems , Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9789401787048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nonlinear Phenomena in Complex Systems: From Nano to Macro Scale [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Davron Matrasulov H. Eugene Stanley |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Topics of complex system physics and their interdisciplinary applications to different problems in seismology, biology, economy, sociology, energy and nanotechnology are covered in this new work from renowned experts in theirfields. In particular, co ntributed papers contain original results on network science, earthquake dynamics, econophysics, sociophysics, nanoscience and biological physics. Most of the papers use interdisciplinary approaches basedon statistical physics, quantum physics and other t opics of complex system physics. Papers on econophysics and sociophysics are focussed on societal aspects of physics such as, opinion dynamics, public debates and financial andeconomic stability. This work will be of interest to statistical physicists, ec onomists, biologists, seismologists and all scientists working in interdisciplinary topics of complexity |
Contents: | 1. Complexity in Earthquake Dynamics |
Geosystemics, Entropy and Criticality of Earthquakes: a Vision of our Planet and a Key of Access | |
Aftershock Cascade of the 3.11 Earthquake (2011) in Fukushima | |
Miyagi Area | |
2. Socio | |
, Econo | |
and Biophysics | |
Is it Necessary to lie to win a Controversial Public Debate? An Answer from Sociophysics | |
Anticipating Stock Market Movements with Google and Wikipedia | |
Nonequilibrium Quantum Dynamics of Biomolecular Excitons | |
Fractal Dimensions and Entropies of Meragi Songs | |
3. Network Dynamics in Macroscale Systems | |
Large | |
Scale Connectivity vs. Spre | |
ISBN: | 9789401787048 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, 1874-6519 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319020242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Physics, Nature and Society [electronic resource] : A Guide to Order and Complexity in Our World |
Author(s): |
Joaqun Marro |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This wide-ranging and accessible book serves as a fascinating guide to the strategies and concepts that help us understand the boundaries between physics, on the one hand, and sociology, economics, and biology on the other. Fromcooperation and critic ality to flock dynamics and fractals, the author addresses many of the topics belonging to the broad theme of complexity. He chooses excellent examples (requiring no prior mathematical knowledge) to illuminatethese ideas and their implications. The lively style and clear description of the relevant models will appeal both to novices and those with an existing knowledge of the field |
Contents: | A glance at the method |
The automata | |
Chaotic and noisy | |
Critical worlds | |
Chance and necessity | |
Size does not always matter | |
Living things | |
Interacting humans | |
Epilogue | |
ISBN: | 9783319020242 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | The Frontiers Collection, 1612-3018 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Artificial intelligence , Developmental biology , Mathematics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781461485797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Mobile Social Networking [electronic resource] : An Innovative Approach |
Author(s): |
Alvin Chin Daqing Zhang |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The use of contextually aware, pervasive, distributed computing, and sensor networks to bridge the gap between the physical and online worlds is the basis of mobile social networking. This book shows how applications can be builtto provide mobile soc ial networking, the research issues that need to be solved to enable this vision, and how mobile social networking can be used to provide computational intelligence that will improve daily life. With contributionsfrom the fields of sociology, computer sci ence, human-computer interaction and design, this book demonstrates how mobile social networks can be inferred from users' physical interactions both with the environment and with others, aswell as how users behave around them and how their behavior diffe rs on mobile vs. traditional online social networks |
Contents: | 1. Introduction |
2. Socially Aware Computing: Concepts, Technologies, and Practices | |
3. Ephemeral Social Networks | |
4. Social Behavior in Mobile Social Networks: Characterizing Links, Roles and Communities | |
5. Mobile Social Service Design for Special Context | |
6. Exploiting Personal and Community Context in Mobile Social Networks | |
7. Enhancing Mobile Social Networks with Ambient Intelligence | |
8. Data Analysis on Location | |
Based Social Networks | |
9. Towards Trustworthy Mobile Social Networking | |
10. Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9781461485797 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Computational Social Sciences |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Computer Communication Networks , Computer science , Engineering , Telecommunication |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781461461340:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Empirical Agent-Based Modelling - Challenges and Solutions [electronic resource] : Volume 1, The Characterisation and Parameterisation of Empirical Agent-Based Models |
Author(s): |
Alexander Smajgl Olivier Barreteau |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This instructional bookshowcases techniques to parameterise human agents in empirical agent-based models(ABM). In doing so, it provides a timely overview of key ABM methodologies and the most innovative approaches through avariety of empirical applic ations. It features cutting-edge research from leading academics and practitioners, and will provide a guide for characterising and parameterising human agents in empirical ABM.In order to facilitatelearning, this text shares the valuable experiences of o ther modellers in particular modelling situations. Very little has been published in the area of empirical ABM, and this contributed volume will appeal to graduate-level studentsand researchers studying simulation modeling in economics, sociology, ecology , and trans-disciplinary studies, such as topics related to sustainability. In a similar vein to the instruction found in a cookbook, this text provides theempirical modeller with a set of 'recipes' ready to be implemented. Agent-based modeling (ABM) is a powerful, simulation-modeling technique that has seen a dramatic increase in real-world applications in recent years. In ABM, asystem is modeled as a collection of autonomous decision-making entities called agents. Each agent individually assesses its si tuation and makes decisions on the basis of a set of rules. Agents may execute various behaviorsappropriate for the system they representfor example, producing, consuming, or selling. ABM is increasingly used for simulating real-world systems, such as nat ural resource use, transportation, public health, andconflict.Decision makers increasingly demand support that covers a multitude of indicators that can be effectively addressed using ABM. This is especially the case in situations where human behavior is identified as a criticalelement. As a result, ABM will only continue its rapid growth. This is the first volume in a series of books that aims to contribute to a cultural chan |
Contents: | Empiricism and agent based modelling |
A case study on characterising and parameterising an agent based integrated model of recreational fishing and coral reef ecosystem dynamics | |
An Agent Based Model of Tourist Movements in New Zealand | |
Humanecosystem interaction in large ensemble model systems | |
Using Spatially Explicit Marketing Data to Build Social Simulations | |
ISBN: | 9781461461340 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Computer simulation , Mathematical statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9781461468622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Advances in Growth Curve Models [electronic resource] : Topics from the Indian Statistical Institute |
Author(s): |
Ratan Dasgupta |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Advances in Growth Curve Models: Topics from the Indian Statistical Institute is developed from the Indian Statistical Institute's A National Conference on Growth Curve Models. This conference took place between March 28-30, 2012in Giridih, Jharkhand , India. Jharkhand is a tribal area. Advances in Growth Curve Models: Topics from the Indian Statistical Institute sharesthe work of researchers in growth models used in multiple fields.A growth curve is anempirical model of the evolution of a quantity ov er time. Case studies and theoretical findings, important applications in everything fromhealth care topopulation projection,form the basis of this volume.Growth curves inlongitudinal studies are widely used in many disciplines including: Biology, Populat ion studies, Economics, Biological Sciences, SQC, Sociology, Nano-biotechnology, and Fluid mechanics.Someincluded reports areresearch topics thathave just been developed, whereas others present advances in existing literature.Both includedtools and techni queswill assist students and researchersintheir future work. Also included is a discussion of future applicationsof growth curve models. |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Yam Growth Experiment and Above |
ground Biomass as Possible Predictor | |
Some Statistical Perspectives of Growth Models in Health Care Plans | |
Testing of Growth Curves with Cubic Smoothing Splines | |
Non uniform Rates of Convergence to Normality for Two sample U | |
statistics in Non IID Case with Applications | |
Correlated Bivariate Linear Growth Models: Optimal Designs for Slope Parameter Estimation | |
Optimal | |
Time Harvest of Elephant Foot Yam and Related Theoretical Issues | |
Evolution of Scour and velocity fluctuation due to turbulence around cylinders | |
South Pole Ozone Profile and Lower Tol | |
ISBN: | 9781461468622 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v46 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Mathematical statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9781461439004:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using R [electronic resource] : A Step-by-Step Approach |
Author(s): |
Andrzej Gaecki Tomasz Burzykowski |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Linear mixed-effects models (LMMs) are an important class of statistical models that can be used to analyze correlated data. Such data are encountered in a variety of fields including biostatistics, public health, psychometrics,educational measuremen t, and sociology. This book aims to support a wide range of uses for the models by applied researchers in those and other fields by providing state-of-the-art descriptions of the implementation of LMMs in R. Tohelp readers to get familiar with the feature s of the models and the details of carrying them out in R, the book includes a review of the most important theoretical concepts of the models. The presentation connects theory, software andapplications. It is built up incrementally, starting with a summa ry of the concepts underlying simpler classes of linear models like the classical regression model, and carrying them forward to LMMs. A similar step-by-step approach isused to describe the R tools for LMMs. All the classes of linear models presented in t he book are illustrated using real-life data. The book also introduces several novel R tools for LMMs, including new class of variance-covariancestructure for random-effects, methods for influence diagnostics and for power calculations. They are included into an R package that should assist the readers in applying these and other methods presented in this text. Andrzej Gaeckiis a Research Professor in the Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, and Institute of Gerontology at the University of Michigan Medical School, and is Research Scientist in the Department of Biostatistics atthe University of Michigan School of Public Health. He earned his M.Sc. in applied mathematics (1977) from the Technical University of Warsaw, Poland, an d an M.D. (1981) from the Medical University of Warsaw. In 1985 he earned a Ph.D.in epidemiology from the Institute of Mother and Child Care in Warsaw (Poland). He is a member of the Editorial Board o |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Linear Models for Independent Observations | |
Linear Fixed | |
effects Models for Correlated Data | |
Linear Mixed | |
effects Models | |
ISBN: | 9781461439004 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Mathematical statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783642240034:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Social Self-Organization [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Dirk Helbing |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Monograph |
Note: | Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
ISBN: | 9783642240034 |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems |
Series: | e-books |
Keywords: | Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Numerical and Computational Physics , Sociology, general , Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9783034803793:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Around and Beyond the Square of Opposition [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Jean-Yves Bziau Dale Jacquette |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | Basel : Springer Basel |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The theory of oppositions based on Aristotelian foundations of logic has been pictured in a striking square diagram which can be understood and applied in many different ways having repercussions in various fields: epistemology,linguistics, mathemati cs, sociology, physics. The square can also be generalized in other two-dimensional or multi-dimensional objects extending in breadth and depth the original Aristotelian theory. The square of opposition is a veryattractive theme which has been going throu gh centuries without evaporating. Since 10 years there is a new growing interest for the square due to recent discoveries and challenging interpretations. This book presents a collection ofpreviously unpublished papers by high level specialists of the squ are from all over the world |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | 1 Historical and Critical Aspects of the Square |
2 Philosophical Discussions around the Square of Opposition | |
3 The Square of Opposition and Non | |
Classical Logics | |
4 Constructions Generalizing the Square of Opposition | |
5 Applications of the Square of Opposition | |
ISBN: | 9783034803793 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Studies in Universal Logic |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Logic , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9781461445296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Textbook of Graph Theory [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
R Balakrishnan K Ranganathan |
Date: | 2012 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2012 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Graph theory experienced a tremendous growth in the 20th century. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon is the applicability of graph theory in other disciplines such as physics, chemistry, psychology, sociology, andtheoretical computer science . This textbook provides a solid background in the basic topics of graph theory, and is intended for an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course in graph theory. This second edition includestwo new chapters: one on domination in graphs and the other on the spectral properties of graphs, the latterincluding a discussion on graph energy. The chapter on graph colorings has been enlarged, covering additional topics suchas homomorphisms and colorings and the uniqueness of the Mycielskian up to isom orphism. This book also introduces several interesting topics such as Dirac's theorem on k-connected graphs, Harary-Nashwilliam's theorem on thehamiltonicity of line graphs, Toida-McKee's characterization of Eulerian graphs, the Tutte matrix of a graph, F ournier's proof of Kuratowski's theorem on planar graphs, the proof of the nonhamiltonicity of the Tutte graph on 46vertices, and a concrete application of triangulated graphs |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface to the Second Edition |
Preface to the First Edition | |
1 Basic Results | |
2 Directed Graphs | |
3 Connectivity | |
4 Trees | |
5 Independent Sets and Matchings | |
6 Eulerian and Hamiltonian Graphs | |
7 Graph Colorings | |
8 Planarity | |
9 Triangulated Graphs | |
10 Domination in Graphs | |
11 Spectral Properties of Graphs | |
Bibliography | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461445296 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Universitext, 0172-5939 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2012-9781461431312:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Innovation Butterfly [electronic resource] Managing Emergent Opportunities and Risks During Distributed Innovation |
Author(s): |
Edward G Anderson Jr. Nitin R Joglekar |
Date: | 2012 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Product and service innovations are the result of mutually interacting creative and coordination tasks within a system that has to balance technical decisions, marketplace taste, personnel management, and stakeholder commitment.The constituent elemen ts of such systems are often scattered across multiple firms and across the globe and constitute a complex system consisting of many interacting parts. In the spirit of the butterfly effect, metaphoricallydescribing the sensitivity to initials conditions of chaotic systems, this book builds an argument that innovation butterflies can, in the short term, take up significant amounts of effort and sap efficiencies within individualinnovation projects. Such innovation butterflies can be prompted by external f orces such as government legislation or unexpected spikes in the price of basic goods (such as oil), unexpected shifts in market tastes, or from acompany managers decisions or those of its competitors. Even the smallest change, the smallest disruption, to this system can steer a firm down an unpredictable and irreversibly different path in terms of technology and marketevolution. In the long term, they can shift the balance of the entire innovation portfolio into unplanned directions. More importantly, we describe how innovation leaders can influence the emergent behavior of the system for good orill. The first half of the book draws parallels from physics, economics, and sociology as well as evidence from multiple industries to describe the structural an d behavioral causes of emergent phenomena in innovation settings as wellas their often negative impacts. In the second half of the book, we turn to distributed management of innovation under emergence. We show that innovation butterflies, if improperly ma naged, most often lead to negative outcomes. On theother hand, it is also argued that while the complexity of the innovation system and the desire to experiment and try new and emergent alterna |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Section I: Understanding the Emergent Behaviour | |
Section II: managing Emergent Behaviour | |
Section III: Innovation Leader's new Work | |
ISBN: | 9781461431312 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Engineering , Economics , Operations research |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2011-9780387487441:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Proof is in the Pudding [electronic resource] The Changing Nature of Mathematical Proof |
Author(s): |
Steven G Krantz |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Krantzs book covers the full history and evolution of the proof concept. The notion of rigorous thinking has evolved over time, and this book documents that development. It gives examples both of decisive developmentsin the technique of proof and als o of magnificent blunders that taught us about how to think rigorously. Many historical vignettes illustrate the concepts and acquaint the reader with how mathematicians think and what they careabout. In modern times, strict rules for generating and recor ding proof have been established. At the same time, many new vectors and forces have had an influence over the way mathematics is practiced. Certainly the computer playsa fundamental role in many mathematical investigations. But there are also fascinating social forces that have affected the way that we now conceive of proof. Daniel Gorensteins program to classify the finite simple groups,Thomas Haless resolution of the Kepler sphere-packing problem, Louis de Brangess proof of the Bieberbach conjecture, a nd Thurstons treatment of the geometrization program are but some examples of mathematical proofs thatwere generated in ways inconceivable 100 years ago. Krantz treats all of them---and more---in some detail he names the players and tells all the secrets. Many of the proofs treated in this book are described in some detail, withfigures and explanatory equations. The reader is given a dose of modern mathematics, and how mathematicians think. Both the joy and the sorrow of mathematical exploration are commu nicated dynamically and energetically in thisexciting new book |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | 1. What is a Proof and Why? |
2. The Ancients | |
3. The Middle Ages and Calculation | |
4. The Dawn of the Modern Age | |
5. Hilbert and the Twentieth Century | |
6. The Four | |
Color Theorem | |
7. Computer | |
Generated Proofs | |
8. The Computer as a Mathematical Aid | |
9. Aspects of Mathematical Life | |
10. The Sociology of Mathematical Proof | |
11. A Legacy of Elusive Proofs | |
12. John Horgan and The Death of Proof | |
13. Closing Thoughts | |
Index of Names | |
References | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9780387487441 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Numerical analysis , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9783642122033:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Simulating Complex Systems by Cellular Automata [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Jiri Kroc Peter M.A Sloot Alfons G Hoekstra |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Deeply rooted in fundamental research in Mathematics and Computer Science, Cellular Automata (CA) are recognized as an intuitive modeling paradigm for Complex Systems. Already very basic CA, with extremely simple micro dynamicssuch as the Game of Lif e, show an almost endless display of complex emergent behavior. Conversely, CA can also be designed to produce a desired emergent behavior, using either theoretical methodologies or evolutionary techniques.Meanwhile, beyond the original realm of applicati ons - Physics, Computer Science, and Mathematics CA have also become work horses in very different disciplines such as epidemiology, immunology, sociology, and finance. In thiscontext of fast and impressive progress, spurred further by the enormous attra ction these topics have on students, this book emerges as a welcome overview of the field for its practitioners, as well as a good starting point fordetailed study on the graduate and post-graduate level. The book contains three parts, two major parts on theory and applications, and a smaller part on software. The theory part contains fundamental chapters on how to design and/orapply CA for many different areas. In the applications part a number of representative examples of really using CA in a broad ran ge of disciplines is provided - this part will give the reader a good idea of the real strength of thiskind of modeling as well as the incentive to apply CA in their own field of study |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | to Modeling of Complex Systems Using Cellular Automata |
Theory of Cellular Automata | |
Multilevel Cellular Automata as a Tool for Studying Bioinformatic Processes | |
Complex Automata: Multi | |
scale Modeling with Coupled Cellular Automata | |
Hierarchical Cellular Automata Methods | |
Cellular Automata Composition Techniques for Spatial Dynamics Simulation | |
Problem Solving on One | |
Bit | |
Communication Cellular Automata | |
Minimal Cellular Automaton Model of Inter | |
species Interactions: Phenomenology, Complexity and Interpretations | |
Cellular Evolutionary Algorithms | |
Artificial Evolution of Arbitr | |
ISBN: | 9783642122033 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 : v0 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Computer science , Computer simulation , Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9783642008702:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Emergence, Analysis and Evolution of Structures [electronic resource] : Concepts and Strategies Across Disciplines |
Author(s): |
Klaus Lucas Peter Roosen |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The study of structures and structure generating processes is a common concern of all scientific and technical disciplines. The present volume presents an interdisciplinary investigation of the different methods of analysis andmodelling which, while differing considerably in detail, usually have evolutionary adaption or development schemes at their core. The book naturally falls into three parts - a first part summarizing the transdisciplinary fundamentals,a second part discussing in detail case stud ies from various fields (production engineering, medicine, management, molecular biology, energy engineering, civil engineering, logistics, sociology, physics) and a shorter outlook on thetransdisciplinary perspective |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Transdisciplinary Fundamentals |
Structures in the Disciplines: Case Studies | |
Transdisciplinary Perspective | |
ISBN: | 9783642008702 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Engineering , Artificial intelligence |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9781441965622:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Modeling Complex Systems [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Nino Boccara |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Modeling Complex Systems, 2nd Edition, explores the process of modeling complex systems, providing examples from such diverse fields as ecology, epidemiology, sociology, seismology, and economics. It illustrates how models ofcomplex systems are built and provides indispensable mathematical tools for studying their dynamics. This vital introductory text is useful for advanced undergraduate students in various scientific disciplines, and serves as animportant reference book for graduate students and yo ung researchers. This enhanced second edition includes: . -recent research results and bibliographic references -extra footnotes which provide biographical information on citedscientists who have made significant contributions to the field -new and improv ed worked-out examples to aid a students comprehension of the content -exercises to challenge the reader and complement the material Nino Boccara is alsothe author of Essentials of Mathematica: With Applications to Mathematics and Physics (Springer, 2007) |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
How to Build Up a Model | |
Differential Equations | |
Recurrence Equations | |
Chaos | |
Spatial Models | |
Networks | |
Power | |
Law Distributions | |
Glossary | |
References | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9781441965622 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Ecology , Systems theory , Computer science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9781441917645:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Advances in Social Science Research Using R [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Hrishikesh D Vinod |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book covers recent advances for quantitative researchers with practical examples from social sciences. The twelve chapters written by distinguished authors cover a wide range of issues--all providing practical tools usingthe free R software. McC ullough: R can be used for reliable statistical computing, whereas most statistical and econometric software cannot. This is illustrated by the effect of abortion on crime. Koenker: Additive models provide aclever compromise between parametric and non-par ametric components illustrated by risk factors for Indian malnutrition. Gelman: R graphics in the context of voter participation in US elections. Vinod: New solutions to the old problemof efficient estimation despite autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity among regression errors are proposed and illustrated by the Phillips curve tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. Markus and Gu: New R tools for exploratorydata analysis including bubble plots. Vinod, Hsu and Tian: New R tools for portfolio selecti on borrowed from computer scientists and data-mining experts relevant to anyone with an investment portfolio. Foster and Kecojevic: Extendsthe usual analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) illustrated by growth charts for Saudi children. Imai, Keele, Tingley, and Yamamoto: New R tools for solving the age-old scientific problem of assessing the direction and strength of causation.Their job search illustration is of interest during current times of high unemployment. Haupt, Schnurbus, and Tschernig: Consider the ch oice of functional form for an unknown, potentially nonlinear relationship, explaining a set of newR tools for model visualization and validation. Rindskopf: R methods to fit a multinomial based multivariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) with examples from psychology, sociology, political science, and medicine. Neath: R tools forBayesian posterior distributions to study increased disease risk in proximity to a hazardous waste site. Numatsi and Rengifo: |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Econometric Computing with R |
Additive Models for Quantile Regression: An Analysis of Risk Factors for Malnutrition in India | |
Toward better R defaults for graphics: Example of voter turnouts in US elections | |
Superior Estimation and Inference Avoiding Heteroscedasticity and Flawed Pivots: R | |
example of Inflation Unemployment Trade | |
Off | |
Bubble Plots as a Model | |
Free Graphical Tool for Continuous Variables | |
Combinatorial Fusion for Improving Portfolio Performance | |
Reference growth charts for Saudi Arabian children and Adolescents | |
Causal Mediation Analysis Using R | |
Statistical val | |
ISBN: | 9781441917645 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Statistics, 0930-0325 : v196 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Finance , Economics Statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9781441912138:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Design of Observational Studies [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Paul R Rosenbaum |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | An observational study is an empiric investigation of effects caused by treatments when randomized experimentation is unethical or infeasible. Observational studies are common in most fields that study the effects of treatmentson people, including me dicine, economics, epidemiology, education, psychology, political science and sociology. The quality and strength of evidence provided by an observational study is determined largely by its design. Design ofObservational Studies is both an introduction to statistical inference in observational studies and a detailed discussion of the principles that guide the design of observational studies. Design of Observational Studies is divided intofour parts. Chapters 2, 3, and 5 of Part I cover concisely, in about one hundred pages, many of the ideas discussed in Rosenbaums Observational Studies (also published by Springer) but in a less technical fashion. Part II discussesthe practical aspects of using propensity scores and other tools to create a matched compari son that balances many covariates. Part II includes a chapter on matching in R. In Part III, the concept of design sensitivity is used toappraise the relative ability of competing designs to distinguish treatment effects from biases due to unmeasured cova riates. Part IV discusses planning the analysis of an observational study, with particular reference to Sir RonaldFishers striking advice for observational studies, make your theories elaborate. Paul R. Rosenbaum is the Robert G. Putzel Professor of Stati stics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He is a fellow of theAmerican Statistical Association. In 2003, he received the George W. Snedecor Award from the Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies. He is a senior fellow of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and a ResearchAssociate at the Population Studies Center, both at the University of Pennsylvania. The second edition of his book, Observational Studi |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Beginnings |
Dilemmas and Craftsmanship | |
Causal Inference in Randomized Experiments | |
Two Simple Models for Observational Studies | |
Competing Theories Structure Design | |
Opportunities, Devices, and Instruments | |
Transparency | |
Matching | |
A Matched Observational Study | |
Basic Tools of Multivariate Matching | |
Various Practical Issues in Matching | |
Fine Balance | |
Matching Without Groups | |
Risk | |
Set Matching | |
Matching in R | |
Design Sensitivity | |
The Power of a Sensitivity Analysis and Its Limit | |
Heterogeneity and Causality | |
Uncommon but Dramatic Responses to Treatment | |
Antic | |
ISBN: | 9781441912138 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Statistical methods , Mathematical statistics , Econometrics , Social sciences Methodology , Psychological tests and testing |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9781441907424:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Bayesian Item Response Modeling [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications |
Author(s): |
Jean-Paul Fox |
Date: | 2010 |
Edition: | First |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book presents a thorough treatment and unified coverage of Bayesian item response modeling with applications in a variety of disciplines, including education, medicine, psychology, and sociology. Breakthroughs in computingtechnology have made th e Bayesian approach particularly useful for many response modeling problems. Free from computational constraints, realistic and state-of-the-art latent variable response models are considered for complexassessment and survey data to solve real-world probl ems. The Bayesian framework described provides a unified approach for modeling and inference, dealing with (nondata) prior information and information across multiple data sources.The book discusses methods for analyzing item response data and the complex relationships commonly associated with human response behavior and features Self-contained introduction to Bayesian item response modeling and a coverageof extending standard models to handle complex assessment data A thorough overview of Bayesian esti mation and testing methods for item response models, where MCMC methods are emphasized Numerous examples that cover a wide rangeof application areas, including education, medicine, psychology, and sociology Datasets and software (S+, R, and WinBUGS code ) of the models and methods presented in the book are available on www.jean-paulfox.com Bayesian ItemResponse Modeling is an excellent book for research professionals, including applied statisticians, psychometricians, and social scientists who analyze it em response data from a Bayesian perspective. It is a guide to the growing areaof Bayesian response modeling for researchers and graduate students, and will also serve them as a good reference. Jean-Paul Fox is Associate Professor of Measurement and Data Analysis, University of Twente, The Netherlands. His mainresearch activities are in several areas of Bayesian response modeling. Dr. Fox has published numerous articles in the areas of Bayes |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction to Bayesian response modeling |
Bayesian hierarchical response modeling | |
Basic elements of Bayesian statistics | |
Estimation of Bayesian item response models | |
Assessment of Bayesian item response models | |
Multilevel item response theory models | |
Random item effects models | |
Response time item response models | |
Randomized item response models | |
ISBN: | 9781441907424 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Epidemiology , Educational tests and measurements , Marketing , Social sciences Methodology , Psychometrics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9780817649463:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Mathematical Modeling of Collective Behavior in Socio-Economic and Life Sciences [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Giovanni Naldi Lorenzo Pareschi Giuseppe Toscani |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Boston : Birkhuser Boston |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Mathematical modeling using dynamical systems and partial differential equations is now playing an increasing role in the understanding of complex multi-scale phenomena. Behavior in seemingly different areas such as sociology,economics, and the life sciences can be described by closely related models. Systems made out of a large enough number of individual members can be said to exhibit a collective behavior, from which insight can be gathered in a way thatreal-life experiments cannot. Using examples from financial markets and modern warfare to the flocking of birds and the swarming of bacteria, the collected research in this volume demonstrates the common methodological approaches andtools for modeling and simulating collective behavior. Specific to pics covered include: * analysis of wealth distributions * dynamics of price formation * spreading of opinions * models of social behavior * population dynamics *aggregation and swarming The topics presented point toward new and challenging frontiers of a pplied mathematics, making the volume a useful reference text for applied mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and economists involved inthe modeling of socio-economic systems |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Part I. Economic modelling and financial markets |
Agent | |
based models of economic interactions | |
On kinetic asset exchange models and beyond: microeconomic formulation, trade network and all that | |
Microscopic and kinetic models in financial markets | |
A mathematical theory for wealth distribution | |
Tolstoy's dream and the quest for statistical equilibrium in economics and the social sciences | |
Part II. Social modelling and opinion formation | |
New perspectives in the equilibrium statistical mechanics approach to social and economic sciences | |
Kinetic modelling of complex socio | |
economic | |
ISBN: | 9780817649463 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Biology Mathematics , Finance , Economics, Mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2010-9780817649135:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Hyperbolic Manifolds and Discrete Groups [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Michael Kapovich |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Boston : Birkhuser Boston |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This classic book is at the crossroads of several branches of mathematics: hyperbolic geometry, discrete groups, 3-dimensional topology, geometric group theory, and complex analysis. The main focus throughout the text is onThurstons hyperbolization t heorem, one of the central results of 3-dimensional topology that has completely changed the landscape of the field. The book contains a number of open problems and conjectures related to thehyperbolization theorem as well as rich discussions on related t opics including geometric structures on 3-manifolds, higher dimensional negatively curved manifolds, and hyperbolic groups. Featuring beautiful illustrations, a rich setof examples, numerous exercises, and an extensive bibliography and index, Hyperbolic M anifolds and Discrete Groups continues to serve as an ideal graduate text and comprehensive reference. The book is very clearly written and fairlyself-contained. It will be useful to researchers and advanced graduate students in the field and can serve as an ideal guide to Thurston's work and its recent developments. ---Mathematical Reviews Beyond the hyperbolization theorem,this is an important book which had to be written some parts are still technical and will certainly be streamlined and shortened in the next years, but together with Otal's work a complete published proof of the hyperbolizationtheorem is finally available. Apart from the proof itself, the book contains a lot of material which will be useful for various other directions of research. -- -Zentralbatt MATH This book can act as source material for a postgraduatecourse and as a reference text on the topic as the references are full and extensive. ... The text is self-contained and very well illustrated. ---ASLIB Book Guide |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface |
Three | |
dimensional Topology | |
Thurston Norm | |
Geometry of the Hyperbolic Space | |
Kleinian Groups | |
Teichmller Theory of Riemann Surfaces | |
Introduction to the Orbifold Theory | |
Complex Projective Structures | |
Sociology of Kleinian Groups | |
Ultralimits of Metric Spaces | |
Introduction to Group Actions on Trees | |
Laminations, Foliations and Trees | |
Rips Theory | |
Brooks' Theorem and Circle Packings | |
Pleated Surfaces and Ends of Hyperbolic Manifolds | |
Outline of the Proof of the Hyperbolization Theorem | |
Reduction to The Bounded Image Theorem | |
The Bounded Image Theorem | |
ISBN: | 9780817649135 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Modern Birkhuser Classics |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Group theory , Geometry , Topology , Cell aggregation Mathematics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783642006685:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Cooperation in Classification and Data Analysis [electronic resource] : Proceedings of Two German-Japanese Workshops |
Author(s): |
Wolfgang Gaul Hans-Hermann Bock Tadashi Imaizumi Akinori Okada |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This volume presents theories, models, algorithms, and applications in clustering, classification, and visualization. It also includes applications of clustering, classification, and visualization in various fields such asmarketing, recommendation sy stem, biology, sociology, and social survey. The contributions give insight into new models and concepts and show the variety of research in clustering, classification, and visualization |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Classification and Visualization |
Methods in Fields | |
Applications in Clustering and Visualization | |
ISBN: | 9783642006685 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization, 1431-8814 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Data mining , Bioinformatics , Mathematical statistics , Economics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783540884620:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Sociology and Complexity Science [electronic resource] : A New Field of Inquiry |
Author(s): |
Brian Castellani Frederic William Hafferty |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book is the first to identify and review the new field of study, sociology and complexity scienceor SACS for short. SACS is comprised of five cutting-edge areas of research: computational sociology, the British-basedSchool of Complexity (BBC), c omplex social network analysis (CSNA), sociocybernetics and the Luhmann School of Complexity (LSC). Together, these five areas represent the latest development in complexity science and sociological systemsthinking, offering researchers a powerful, new se t of tools for addressing the growing complexity of sociological inquiry. This book also showcases a new method for modeling social systems, called the SACS Toolkit. The SACS Toolkitcomes with a theoretical framework (social complexity theory), procedural algorithm (assemblage) and recommended toolset for modeling social systems (qualitatively, historically or numerically) from the ground-up. In fact, this bookuses the SACS Toolkit to review the new field of SACS. The third feature of this book is its com pendium of maps, graphs and figuresall located in one chapter. Demonstrating the visual ingenuity of complexity science method, thiscompendium provides a picture-book tour of the new field of SACS. Finally, this book comes with a companion websitean inter net resource for exploring the new science of complexity and its intersection with sociology and fordownloading the maps (in color) used in this book. Useful for teachers, students and researchers, this book articulates a possible future for social scient ific inquiry in the 21st century |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
SACS Toolkit | |
Theoretical Framework | |
SACS Toolkit | |
Assemblage | |
Overview of SACS | |
Environmental Forces | |
Five Areas of Research | |
The System of SACS | |
SACS Today | |
Conclusion | |
Mapping Complexity | |
ISBN: | 9783540884620 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Differentiable dynamical systems , Engineering , Vibration , Sociology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9783540688327:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Historical Encyclopedia of Natural and Mathematical Sciences [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ari Ben-Menahem |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This milestone extensive work combines the essentials of history biography, chronology, political and economic background with the observations, theories, principles, laws and equations that constitute the specifics ofscience. The 5800-page Encyclo pedia arises from the conviction that the optimal perspective on science is through the lens of history, setting aside traditional divisions of discipline and specialty, and rising above geopoliticalboundaries. Reaching from 4,200 BCE to the 21st century CE, the Encyclopedia relates (as the author himself puts it) not only who did it and when it was done but also precisely what was done. The author, Ari Ben-Menahem, surveys100 generations of great thinkers, offering 2070 detailed biographies of scientists , engineers, explorers and inventors, who left their mark on the history of science and technology. The span of coverage is all-encompassing:mathematics, philosophy, logic, physical and environmental sciences (including physics, chemistry, astronomy, eart h and space sciences and cosmology), life sciences (biology, medicine, physiology, botany, zoology and biochemistry),associated engineering disciplines, and the social sciences (among them economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and mo re). The six-volume Encyclopedia also includes 380 articles summarizing the time-line of ideas inthe leading fields of science, technology, mathematics and philosophy, plus useful tables, figures and photos, and 20 Science Progress Reports detailing scien tific setbacks. Interspersed throughout are quotations, gathered fromthe wit and wisdom of sages, savants and scholars throughout the ages from antiquity to modern times |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9783540688327 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Geography , Life sciences , Environmental sciences , Humanities |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9781848009387:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Game Theoretic Problems in Network Economics and Mechanism Design Solutions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Hastagiri Prakash Ramasuri Narayanam Dinesh Garg Y Narahari |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | London : Springer London |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | With the advent of the Internet and other modern information and communication technologies, a magnificent opportunity has opened up for introducing new, innovative models of commerce, markets, and business. Creating theseinnovations calls for signif icant interdisciplinary interaction among researchers in computer science, communication networks, operations research, economics, mathematics, sociology, and management science. In the emerging era of newproblems and challenges, one particular tool that has found widespread applications is mechanism design. The focus of this book is to explore game theoretic modeling and mechanism design for problem solving in Internet and networkeconomics. It provides a sound foundation of relevant concepts and theory, to help apply mechanism design to problem solving in a rigorous way |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | From the contents Motivating Problems in Network Economics |
Foundations of Mechanisms Design | |
Strategic Form Games | |
Dominant Strategy Equilibria | |
Pure Strategy Nash Equilibrium | |
Bayesian Games | |
Social Choice Functions | |
Incentive Compatibility and the Revelation Theorem | |
Properties of Social Choice Functions | |
Bayesian Implementation | |
Revenue Equivalence Theorem | |
Mechanism Design for Sponsored Search Auctions | |
Internet Advertising | |
Sponsored Search Auction | |
Individual Rationality | |
Computational Complexity | |
Mechanism Design for Resource Procurement in Grid Computin | |
ISBN: | 9781848009387 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Computer Communication Networks , Computer science , Artificial intelligence , Social sciences Data processing |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2009-9780387881461:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Statistical Analysis of Network Data [electronic resource] : Methods and Models |
Author(s): |
Eric D Kolaczyk |
Date: | 2009 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | In the past decade, the study of networks has increased dramatically. Researchers from across the sciencesincluding biology and bioinformatics, computer science, economics, engineering, mathematics, physics, sociology, andstatisticsare more and more involved with the collection and statistical analysis of network-indexed data. As a result, statistical methods and models are being developed in this area at a furious pace, with contributions comingfrom a wide spectrum of disciplines. This book provides an up-to-date treatment of the foundations common to the statistical analysis of network data across the disciplines. The material is organized according to a statisticaltaxonomy, although the presentation entails a conscious balance of concepts versus m athematics. In addition, the examplesincluding extended cases studiesare drawn widely from the literature. This book should be of substantialinterest both to statisticians and to anyone else working in the area of network science. The coverage of topics i n this book is broad, but unfolds in a systematic manner, moving from descriptive (or exploratory) methods, tosampling, to modeling and inference. Specific topics include network mapping, characterization of network structure, network sampling, and the mo deling, inference, and prediction of networks, network processes, and network flows. Thisbook is the first such resource to present material on all of these core topics in one place. Eric Kolaczyk is a professor of statistics, and Director of the Program in Statistics, in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics atBoston University, where he also is an affiliated faculty member in the Center for Biodynamics, the Program in Bioinformatics, and the Division of Systems Engineering. His publications on ne twork-based topics include work ranging fromthe detection of anomalous traffic patterns in computer networks to the prediction of biological function in networks of interacting protein |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction and overview |
Preliminaries | |
Mapping networks | |
Descriptive analysis of network graph characteristics | |
Sampling and estimation in network graphs | |
Models for network graphs | |
Network topology inference | |
Modeling and prediction for processes on network graphs | |
Analysis of network flow data | |
Graphical models | |
ISBN: | 9780387881461 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Data mining , Bioinformatics , Mathematical statistics , Engineering , Telecommunication , Social sciences Methodology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2008-9783540738497:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems |
Author(s): |
Ali A Minai Yaneer Bar-Yam |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | In June of 2002, over 500 professors, students and researchers met in Boston, Massachusetts for the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. The attendees represented a remarkably diverse collection of fields: biology,ecology, physics, eng ineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology, The goal of the conference was to encourage cross-fertilization between the many disciplines represented and to deepen understanding of theproperties common to all complex systems. This volu me contains 43 papers selected from the more than 200 presented at the conference. Topics include: cellular automata, neurology, evolution, computer science, network dynamics, andurban planning. About NECSI: For over 10 years, The New England Complex Syst ems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental in the development of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conducts research, education, knowledgedissemination, and community development around the world for the promotion of the study of comple x systems and its application for the betterment of society. NECSI hosts the International Conference on Complex Systems and publishesthe NECSI Book Series in conjunction with Springer Publishers. ALI MINAI is an Affiliate of the New England Complex Syste ms Institute and an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and ComputerScience at the University of Cincinnati. YANEER BAR-YAM is President and founder of the New England Complex Systems Institute. He is the author of Dynamics of Complex Systems and Making Things Work: Solving Complex Problems in aComplex World |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Methods |
A Complex Systems Perspective on Collaborative Design | |
RAn (Robustness Analyser) | |
Invariant Subsets of the Search Space, and the Universality of a Generalized Genetic Algorithm | |
Models | |
Cell | |
like space charge configurations formed by self | |
organization in laboratory | |
Local Complexity and Global Nonlinear Modes in Large Arrays of Elastic Rods in an Air Cross | |
Flow | |
Self | |
organization in Navier | |
Stokes turbulence | |
The Game (Introduction to Digital Physics) | |
Epsilon | |
Pseudo | |
Orbits and Applications | |
On the mystery of differential negative resistance | |
Dissipative Str | |
ISBN: | 9783540738497 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Artificial intelligence , Mathematics , Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2008-9783540693956:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Handbook of Large-Scale Random Networks [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Bla Bollobs Robert Kozma Dezs Mikls |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This handbook describes advances in large scale network studies that have taken place in the past 5 years since the publication of the Handbook of Graphs and Networks in 2003. It covers all aspects of large-scale networks,including mathematical found ations and rigorous results of random graph theory, modeling and computational aspects of large-scale networks, as well as areas in physics, biology, neuroscience, sociology and technical areas. Applicationsrange from microscopic to mesoscopic and macrosc opic models. The book is based on the material of the NSF workshop on Large-scale Random Graphs held in Budapest in 2006, at the Alfrd Rnyi Institute of Mathematics, organized jointlywith the University of Memphis |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9783540693956 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Bolyai Society Mathematical Studies, 1217-4696 : v18 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Computer science , Computational complexity , Computer simulation , Combinatorics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2008-9780387685601:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Survival and Event History Analysis [electronic resource] : A Process Point of View |
Author(s): |
Odd O Aalen rnulf Borgan Hkon K Gjessing |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Time-to-event data are ubiquitous in fields such as medicine, biology, demography, sociology, economics and reliability theory. Recently, a need to analyze more complex event histories has emerged. Examples are individuals thatmove among several stat es, frailty that makes some units fail before others, internal time-dependent covariates, and the estimation of causal effects from observational data. The aim of this book is to bridge the gap between standardtextbook models and a range of models where t he dynamic structure of the data manifests itself fully. The common denominator of such models is stochastic processes. The authors show how counting processes, martingales, and stochasticintegrals fit very nicely with censored data. Beginning with standa rd analyses such as Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regression, the presentation progresses to the additive hazard model and recurrent event data. Stochastic processes arealso used as natural models for individual frailty they allow sensible interpretations of a number of surprising artifacts seen in population data. The stochastic process framework is naturally connected to causality. The authors showhow dynamic path analyses can incorporate many modern causality ideas in a framework that takes the time aspec t seriously. To make the material accessible to the reader, a large number of practical examples, mainly from medicine, aredeveloped in detail. Stochastic processes are introduced in an intuitive and non-technical manner. The book is aimed at investigator s who use event history methods and want a better understanding of the statistical concepts. It issuitable as a textbook for graduate courses in statistics and biostatistics. Odd O. Aalen is professor of medical statistics at the University of Oslo, Norwa y. His Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975 introducedcounting processes and martingales in event history analysis. He has also contributed to numerous other areas of event history |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | An introduction to survival and event history analysis |
Stochastic processes in event history analysis | |
Nonparametric analysis of survival and event history data | |
Regression models | |
Parametric counting process models | |
Unobserved heterogeneity: The odd effects of frailty | |
Multivariate frailty models | |
Marginal and dynamic models for recurrent events and clustered survival data | |
Causality | |
First passage time models: Understanding the shape of the hazard rate | |
Diffusion and Lvy process models for dynamic frailty | |
ISBN: | 9780387685601 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Epidemiology , Distribution (Probability theory) , System safety , Econometrics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2008-9780387096124:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Bayesian Evaluation of Informative Hypotheses [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Herbert Hoijtink Irene Klugkist Paul A Boelen |
Date: | 2008 |
Edition: | 1 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book presents an alternative for traditional null hypothesis testing. It builds on the idea that researchers usually have more informative research-questions than the nothing is going on null hypothesis, or thesomething is going on alternative h ypothesis. To be more precise, researchers often express their expectations in terms of expected orderings in parameters, for instance, in group means. This book introduces a novel approach,wherein theories or expectations of empirical researchers are tra nslated into one or more so-called informative hypotheses, i.e., hypotheses imposing inequality constraints on (some of) the model parameters. As a consequence,informative hypotheses are much closer to the actual questions researchers have and therefore m ake optimal use of the data to provide more informative answers to these questions. A Bayesian approach is used for the evaluation ofinformative hypotheses and is introduced at a non-technical level in the context of analysis of variance models. Technical aspects of Bayesian evaluation of informative hypotheses are also considered and different approaches arepresented by an international group of Bayesian statisticians. Furthermore, applications in a variety of statistical models including among others la tent class analysis and multi-level modeling are presented, again at a non-technicallevel. Finally, the proposed method is evaluated from a psychological, statistical and philosophical point of view. This book contains numerous illustrations, all in the c ontext of psychology. The proposed methodology, however, isequally relevant for research in other social sciences (e.g., sociology or educational sciences), as well as in other disciplines (e.g., medical or economical research). The editors are all affili ated at the faculty of Social Sciencesat Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Herbert Hoijtink is a professor in applied Bayesian statistics at the Department of Methodology and Statistics. Irene |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | A philosophical foundation of null, alternative and informative hypotheses, Jan |
Willem Romeijn and Rens van de Schoot | |
Famous psychological data sets and hypotheses, Paul Boelen and Herbert Hoijtink | |
Sampling the posterior distributions of inequality constrained models, Irene Klugkist and Joris Mulder | |
Encompassing priors, Irene Klugkist | |
Intrinsic bayes factors, Jim Berger | |
Bayes factors without priors, Valen Johnson | |
Applications of bayes factors based on differenct prior distributions to classical psychological data sets, Paul Boelen, Floryt van Wesel and Herbert Hoijtink | |
The | |
ISBN: | 9780387096124 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2007-9780387728063:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Discrete Multivariate Analysis Theory and Practice [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Yvonne M. M Bishop Stephen E Fienberg Paul W Holland |
Date: | 2007 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | At last, after a decade of mounting interest in log-linear and related models for the analysis of discrete multivariate data, particularly in the form of multidimensional tables, we now have a comprehensive text and generalreference on the subject. E ven a mediocre attempt to organize the extensive and widely scattered literature on discrete multivariate analysis would be welcome happily, this is an excellent such effort, but a group of Harvardstatisticians taht has contributed much to the field. Thei r book ought to serve as a basic guide to the analysis of quantitative data for years to come. --James R. Beninger, Contemporary Sociology A welcome addition to multivariateanalysis. The discussion is lucid and very leisurely, excellently illustrated with applications drawn from a wide variety of fields. A good part of the book can be understood without very specialized statistical knowledge. It is a mostwelcome contribution to an interesting and lively subject. --D.R. Cox, Nature Discrete Multivariate An alysis is an ambitious attempt to present log-linear models to a broad audience. Exposition is quite discursive, and themathematical level, except in Chapters 12 and 14, is very elementary. To illustrate possible applications, some 60 different sets of da ta have been gathered together from diverse fields. To aid the reader, an index of these exampleshas been provided. ...the book contains a wealth of material on important topics. Its numerous examples are especially valuable. --Shelby J. Haberman, The Ann als of Statistics |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Structural Models For Counted Data |
Maximum Likelihood Estimates For Complete Tables | |
Formal Goodness Of Fit: Summary Statistics And Model Selection | |
Maximum Likelihood Estimation For Incomplete Tables | |
Estimating The Size Of A Closed Population | |
Models For Measuring Change | |
Analysis Of Square Tables: Symmetry And Marginal Homogeneity | |
Model Selection And Assessing Closeness Of Fit: Practical Aspects | |
Other Methods For Estimation And Testing In Cross | |
Classifications | |
Measures Of Association And Agreement | |
Pseudo | |
Bayes Estimates Of Cell Probabilities | |
Sampling Models For D | |
ISBN: | 9780387728063 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Mathematical statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2007-9780387698137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Permutation Methods [electronic resource] : A Distance Function Approach |
Author(s): |
Paul W Mielke Kenneth J Berry |
Date: | 2007 |
Edition: | Second |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Most commonly-used parametric and permutation statistical tests, such as the matched-pairs t test and analysis of variance, are based on non-metric squared distance functions that have very poor robustness characteristics. Thissecond edition places i ncreased emphasis on the use of alternative permutation statistical tests based on metric Euclidean distance functions that have excellent robustness characteristics. These alternative permutation techniquesprovide many powerful multivariate tests includi ng multivariate multiple regression analyses. In addition to permutation techniques described in the first edition, this second edition also contains various new permutation statisticalmethods and studies that include resampling multiple contingency table analyses, analysis concerns involving log-linear models with small samples, an exact discrete analog of Fishers continuous method for combining P-values thatarise from small data sets, multiple dichotomous response analyses, problems regarding Fishers Z transformation for correlation analyses, and multivariate similarity comparisons between corresponding multiple categories of twosamples. Paul W. Mielke, Jr. is Professor of Statistics at Colorado State University, and a fellow of the American Statistical Association. Kenneth J. Berry is Professor of Sociology at Colorado State University |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Description of MRPP | |
Additional MRPP applications | |
Description of MRBP | |
Regression analysis, prediction, and agreement | |
Goodness | |
of | |
Fit tests | |
Contingency tables | |
Multisample homogeneity tests | |
Selected permutation studies | |
ISBN: | 9780387698137 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Data mining , Biometrics , Mathematical statistics , Environmental toxicology , Psychometrics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2006-9783540358725:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Unifying Themes in Complex Systems [electronic resource] : Overview Volume IIIA Proceedings from the Third International Conference on Complex Systems |
Author(s): |
Ali A Minai Yaneer Bar-Yam |
Date: | 2006 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | In recent years, scientists have applied the principles of complex systems science to increasingly diverse fields. The results have been nothing short of remarkable: their novel approaches have provided answers to long-standingquestions in biology, e cology, physics, engineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology. The Third International Conference on Complex Systems attracted over 400 researchers from around the world. The conferenceaimed to encourage cross-fertilization between t he many disciplines represented and to deepen our understanding of the properties common to all complex systems. This volume contains selected transcripts from presentations given at theconference. Speakers include: Chris Adami, Kenneth Arrow, Michel Bara nger, Dan Braha, Timothy Buchman, Michael Caramanis, Kathleen Carley, Greg Chaitin, David Clark, Jack Cohen, Jim Collins, George Cowan, Clay Easterly, StevenEppinger, Irving Epstein, Dan Frey, Ary Goldberger, Helen Harte, Leroy Hood, Don Ingber, Atlee Jac kson, Stuart Kauffman, Jay Lemke, Simon Levin, Edward Lorenz, Ronnie Mainieri, David Meyer, Daniel Miller, Alan Perelson, Stuart Pimm,Stephen Small, Temple Smith, Eugene Stanley, Jeff Stock, Nam Suh, Duncan Watts and George Whitesides. ALI MINAI is an Aff iliate of the New England Complex Systems Institute and an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical andComputer Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Cincinnati. YANEER BAR-YAM is the founding president of the New England Comple x Systems Institute. He is the author of Dynamics of Complex Systems and Making Things Work:Solving Complex Problems in a Complex World. About NECSI: For over 10 y ears, The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental in the develo pment of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conductsresearch, education, knowledge dissemination, and community development around the world for the promotion of the study of complex sy |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Transcripts |
Pedagogical Sessions | |
Reception Session | |
Emergence | |
Description and Modeling | |
Self | |
Organization | |
Complex Engineered Systems | |
Banquet Session | |
Pedagogical Sessions | |
Medical Complexity | |
ISBN: | 9783540358725 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2006-9783540358664:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Unifying Themes in Complex Systems [electronic resource] : New Research Volume IIIB Proceedings from the Third International Conference on Complex Systems |
Author(s): |
Ali A Minai Yaneer Bar-Yam |
Date: | 2006 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | In recent years, scientists have applied the principles of complex systems science to increasingly diverse fields. The results have been nothing short of remarkable: their novel approaches have provided answers to long-standingquestions in biology, e cology, physics, engineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology. The Third International Conference on Complex Systems attracted over 400 researchers from around the world. The conferenceaimed to encourage cross-fertilization between t he many disciplines represented and to deepen our understanding of the properties common to all complex systems. This volume contains over 35 papers selected from those presented at theconference on topics including: self-organization in biology, ecologic al systems, language, economic modeling, ecological systems, artificial life, robotics, and complexity and art. ALI MINAI is an Affiliate of the New England ComplexSystems Institute and an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer E ngineering and Computer Science at the University of Cincinnati. YANEER BAR-YAM is the founding president of the New England Complex SystemsInstitute. He is the author of Dynamics of Complex Systems and Making Things Work: Solving Complex Problems in a Co mplex World. About NECSI: For over 10 y ears, The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental inthe development of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conducts research, education, knowledge dissemination, and commu nity development around the world for the promotion of the study of complex systems and itsapplication for the betterment of society. NECSI hosts the International Conference on Complex Systems and publishes the NECSI Book Series in conjunction with Sprin ger Publishers |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Complex Behavior of Simple Systems |
Thresholds, Bifurcations and Mental Control: An Application of Nonlinear Dynamics to Psychotherapy | |
Study of Pattern Formation by Peafowl using LEM Multi | |
Agent Simulator | |
The Contribution Of Complexity Theory To The Study Of Socio | |
Technical Cooperative Systems | |
Complexity Theory of Art: Recent Investigations | |
Complexity, Emergence and Pathophysiology: Using Non | |
Adaptive Inflammatory Response | |
Self | |
Organization of Population Structure in Biological Systems | |
Spatial Periodicity in Mycelial Fungi Growth with Respect to Their Life Strategies | |
In | |
ISBN: | 9783540358664 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2006-9783540320234:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Logistic Map and the Route to Chaos [electronic resource] From The Beginnings to Modern Applications |
Author(s): |
Marcel Ausloos Michel Dirickx |
Date: | 2006 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Pierre-Francois Verhulst, with his seminal work using the logistic map to describe population growth and saturation, paved the way for the many applications of this tool in modern mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology,economics and sociology. Inde ed nowadays the logistic map is considered a useful and paradigmatic showcase for the route leading to chaos. This volume gathers contributions from some of the leading specialists in the field to present astate-of-the art view of the many ramifications o f the developments initiated by Verhulst over a century ago |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Chaotic Growth With The Logistic Model of P.F.Verhulst |
Pierre | |
Francoiss Verhultst`s Final Triumph | |
Limits to Sucess. The Iron Law of Verhulst | |
Recurrent Generation of Verhulst Chaos Maps | |
Coherence in Complex Networks of Oscillators. Agglomeraton /Aggregation and Chaotic Behaviour | |
Logistic Population Growth and Beyond | |
Extinction Dynamics in Lotka | |
Volterra Ecosystems on Evolving Networks | |
A Chaos and Fractal Dynamic Approach to Fracture Mechanics | |
Singular Dynamics at The Edge of Chaos | |
Exact Law of Live Nature | |
Manifestation of Chaos in Real Complex Systems: Case of Par | |
ISBN: | 9783540320234 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0840 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2006-9780387298313:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | 18 Unconventional Essays on the Nature of Mathematics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Reuben Hersh |
Date: | 2006 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Advance praise for 18 Unconventional Essays on the Nature of Mathematics: I was pleasantly surprised to find that this book does not treat mathematics as dessicated formal logic but as a living organism, immediatelyrecognizable to any working mathema tician. - Sir Michael Atiyah, University of Edinburgh A wonderful collection of essays on the philosophy of mathematics, some by mathematicians, others by philosophers, and all having significantthings to say. Most readers will be informed, some will be i nfuriated, but all will be stimulated. - John H. Conway, John von Neumann Distinguished Professor of Mathematics, Princeton University This startling new collection ofessays edited by Reuben Hersh contains frank facts and opinions from leading mathematici ans, philosophers, sociologists, cognitive scientists, and even an anthropologist. Each essay provides a challenging and thought-provoking look atrecent advances in the philosophy of mathematics, demonstrating the possibilities of thinking fresh, sticking close to actual practice, and fearlessly letting go of standard shibboleths. The following essays are included: * AlfredRenyi: Socratic Dialogue * Carlo Cellucci: Filosofia e Matematica, introduction * William Thurston: On Proof and Progress in Mathemati cs * Andrew Aberdein: The Informal Logic of Mathematical Proof * Yehuda Rav: Philosophical Problemsof Mathematics in Light of Evolutionary Epistemology * Brian Rotman: Towards a Semiotics of Mathematics * Donald Mackenzie: Computers and the Sociology of M athematical Proof * Terry Stanway: From G.H.H. and Littlewood to XML and Maple:Changing Needs and Expectations in Mathematical Knowledge Management * Rafael Nunez: Do Numbers Really Move? * Timothy Gowers: Does Mathematics Need a Philosophy? * Jody Azzoun i: How and Why Mathematics is a Social Practice *Gian-Carlo Rota: The Pernicious Influence of Mathematics Upon Philosophy * Jack Schwartz: The Pernicious Influence of Mathematics on Science * Alfons |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction by Reuben Hersh |
A. Renyi: Socratic Dialogue | |
C. Celluci: Filosofia e Matematica, introduction | |
W. Thurston: On Proof and Progress in Mathematics | |
A. Aberdein: The Informal Logic of Mathematical Proof | |
Y. Rav: Philosophical Problems of Mathematics in Light of Evolutionary Epistemology | |
B. Rotman: Towards a Semiotics of Mathematics | |
D. Mackenzie: Computers and the Sociology of Mathematical Proof | |
T. Stanway: From G.H.H. and Littlewood to XML and Maple: Changing Needs and Expectations in Mathematical Knowledge Management | |
R. Nunez: Do Numbers Really Move? | |
T. Gower | |
ISBN: | 9780387298313 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2005-9781402022364:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Geometric Data Analysis [electronic resource] : From Correspondence Analysis to Structured Data Analysis |
Author(s): |
Brigitte Roux Henry Rouanet |
Date: | 2005 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Geometric Data Analysis (GDA) is the name suggested by P. Suppes (Stanford University) to designate the approach to Multivariate Statistics initiated by Benzcri as Correspondence Analysis, an approach that has become more andmore used and appreciated over the years. This book presents the full formalization of GDA in terms of linear algebra - the most original and far-reaching consequential feature of the approach - and shows also how to integrate thestandard statistical tools such as Analysis of Var iance, including Bayesian methods. Chapter 9, Research Case Studies, is nearly a book in itself it presents the methodology in action on three extensive applications, one for medicine,one from political science, and one from education (data borrowed from the Stanford computer-based Educational Program for Gifted Youth ). Thus the readership of the book concerns both mathematicians interested in the applications ofmathematics, and researchers willing to master an exceptionally powerful approach of statisti cal data analysis |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Overview of Geometric Data Analysis (Overview) |
Correspondence Analysis | |
Euclidean Cloud | |
Principal Component Analysis | |
Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) | |
Structured Data Analysis | |
Stability of a Euclidean Cloud | |
Inductive Data Analysis | |
Research Case Studies | |
Mathematical Bases | |
ISBN: | 9781402022364 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Computational linguistics , Economics , Sociology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2005-9780387289816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Modern Multidimensional Scaling [electronic resource] : Theory and Applications |
Author(s): |
Ingwer Borg Patrick J. F Groenen |
Date: | 2005 |
Edition: | Second Edition |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The book provides a comprehensive treatment of multidimensional scaling (MDS), a family of statistical techniques for analyzing the structure of (dis)similarity data. Such data are widespread, including, for example,intercorrelations of survey items, direct ratings on the similarity on choice objects, or trade indices for a set of countries. MDS represents the data as distances among points in a geometric space of low dimensionality. This map canhelp to see patterns in the data that are not obvious f rom the data matrices. MDS is also used as a psychological model for judgments of similarity and preference. This book may be used as an introduction to MDS for students inpsychology, sociology, and marketing. The prerequisite is an elementary background in statistics. The book is also well suited for a variety of advanced courses on MDS topics. All the mathematics required for more advanced topics isdeveloped systematically. This second edition is not only a complete overhaul of its predecessor, but also adds some 140 pages of new material. Many chapters are revised or have sections reflecting new insights and developments in MDS.There are two new chapters, one on asymmetric models and the other on unfolding. There are also numerous exercises that help t he reader to practice what he or she has learned, and to delve deeper into the models and its intricacies.These exercises make it easier to use this edition in a course. All data sets used in the book can be downloaded from the web. The appendix on comput er programs has also been updated and enlarged to reflect the state of the art. IngwerBorg is Scientific Director at the Center for Survey Methodology (ZUMA) in Mannheim, Germany, and Professor of Psychology at the University of Giessen, Germany. He has a uthored or edited 14 books and numerous articles on data analysis,survey research, theory construction, and various substantive topics of psychology. He also served as president of several professional |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Part I. Fundamentals of MDS: The four purposes of multidimensional scaling. Constructing MDS representations. MDS models and measures of fit. Three applications of MDS. MDS and facet theory. How to obtain proximities |
Part II. MDS models and solving MDS problems. Matrix algebra for MDS. A majorization algorithm for solving MDS. Metric and non | |
metric MDS. Confirmatory MDS. MDS fit measures, their relations, and some algorithms. Classical scaling. Special solutions, degeneracies, and local minima III. Unfolding. Unfolding. Avoiding trivial solutions inunfolding. Special unfolding mod els | |
P | |
ISBN: | 9780387289816 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Series in Statistics, 0172-7397 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Optical pattern recognition , Mathematical statistics , Marketing |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2005-9780387283142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Modeling Longitudinal Data [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Robert E Weiss |
Date: | 2005 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Longitudinal data are ubiquitous across Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education, yet many longitudinal data sets remain improperly analyzed. This book teaches the artand statistical scie nce of modern longitudinal data analysis. The author emphasizes specifying, understanding, and interpreting longitudinal data models. He inspects the longitudinal data graphically, analyzes the time trend andcovariates, models the covariance matrix, and t hen draws conclusions. Covariance models covered include random effects, autoregressive, autoregressive moving average, antedependence, factor analytic, and completely unstructured modelsamong others. Longer expositions explore: an introduction to and cri tique of simple non-longitudinal analyses of longitudinal data, missing data concepts, diagnostics, and simultaneous modeling of two longitudinal variables.Applications and issues for random effects models cover estimation, shrinkage, clustered data, mode ls for binary and count data and residuals and residual plots. Shorter sections include a general discussion of how computationalalgorithms work, handling transformed data, and basic design issues. This book requires a solid regression course as backgroun d and is particularly intended for the final year of a Biostatistics or Statistics Masters degree curriculum.The mathematical prerequisite is generally low, mainly assuming familiarity with regression analysis in matrix form. Doctoral students in Biostati stics or Statistics, applied researchers and quantitative doctoral students indisciplines such as Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education will find this book invaluable. The book has many fig ures and tables illustrating longitudinal data andnumerous homework problems. The associated web site contains many longitudinal data sets, examples of computer code, and labs to re-enforce the material |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | to Longitudinal Data |
Plots | |
Simple Analyses | |
Critiques of Simple Analyses | |
The Multivariate Normal Linear Model | |
Tools and Concepts | |
Specifying Covariates | |
Modeling the Covariance Matrix | |
Random Effects Models | |
Residuals and Case Diagnostics | |
Discrete Longitudinal Data | |
Missing Data | |
Analyzing Two Longitudinal Variables | |
Further Reading | |
ISBN: | 9780387283142 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2005-9780387274096:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Applied Mathematical Demography [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Nathan Keyfitz Hal Caswell |
Date: | 2005 |
Edition: | Third Edition |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | The third edition of this classic text maintains its focus on applications of demographic models, while extending its scope to matrix models for stage-classified populations. The authors first introduce the life table to describeage-specific mortalit y, and then use it to develop theory for stable populations and the rate of population increase. This theory is then revisited in the context of matrix models, for stage-classified as well as age-classifiedpopulations. Reproductive value and the stable eq uivalent population are introduced in both contexts, and Markov chain methods are presented to describe the movement of individuals through the life cycle. Applications of mathematicaldemography to population projection and forecasting, kinship, microdemo graphy, heterogeneity, and multi-state models are considered. The new edition maintains and extends the books focus on the consequences of changes in the vitalrates. Methods are presented for calculating the sensitivity and elasticity of population growth rate, life expectancy, stable stage distribution, and reproductive value, and for applying those results in comparative studies.Stage-classified models are important in both human demography and population ecology, and this edition features examples from both human and non-human populations. In short, this third edition enlarges considerably the scope and powerof demography. It will be an essential resource for students and researchers in demography and in animal and plant population ecology. Nathan Keyf itz is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Harvard University. After holding positions atCanadas Dominion Bureau of Statistics, the University of Chicago, and the University of California at Berkeley, he became Andelot Professor of Sociology and Demography at Harvard in 1972. After retiring from Harvard, he becameDirector of the Population Program at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Vienna from 1983 to 1993. Keyfi |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction: Population Without Age |
The Life Table | |
The Matrix Model Framework | |
Mortality Comparisons The Male | |
Female Ratio | |
Fixed Regime of Mortality and Fertility | |
Birth and the Intrinsic Rate of Natural Increase | |
Birth, Increase, and Dynamics of Matrix Population Models | |
Reproductive Value | |
Reproductive Value in Matrix Models | |
Understanding Population Characteristics | |
Markov Chains for Individual Life Histories | |
Projection and Forecasting | |
Perturbation Analysis of Matrix Models | |
Some Types of Instability | |
The Demographic Theory of Kinship | |
Microdemography | |
ISBN: | 9780387274096 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Statistics for Biology and Health, 1431-8776 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Ecology , Biology Mathematics , Environmental sciences , Demography |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2005-9780387233949:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Recent Advances in Applied Probability [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ricardo Baeza-Yates Joseph Glaz Henryk Gzyl Jrgen Hsler Jos Luis Palacios |
Date: | 2005 |
Publisher: | Boston, MA : Springer US |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Applied probability is a broad research area that is of interest to scientists in diverse disciplines in science and technology, including: anthropology, biology, communication theory, economics, epidemiology, finance, geography,linguistics, medicine , meteorology, operations research, psychology, quality control, sociology, and statistics. Recent Advances in Applied Probability is a collection of survey articles that bring together the work of leadingresearchers in applied probability to present curr ent research advances in this important area. This volume will be of interest to graduate students and researchers whose research is closely connected to probability modelling and theirapplications. It is suitable for one semester graduate level research seminar in applied probability |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Modeling Text Databases |
An Overview of Probabilistic and Time Series Models in Finance | |
Stereological Estimation of the Rose of Directions from the Rose of Intersections | |
Approximations for Multiple Scan Statistics | |
Krawtchouk Polynomials and Krawtchouk Matrices | |
An Elementary Rigorous Introduction to Exact Sampling | |
On the Different Extensions of the Ergodic Theorem of Information Theory | |
Dynamic Stochastic Models for Indexes and Thesauri, Identification Clouds, and Information Retrieval and Storage | |
Stability and Optimal Control for Semi | |
Markov Jump Parameter Linear Systems | |
ISBN: | 9780387233949 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Operations research , Distribution (Probability theory) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2004-9783662101841:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Synergetics Introduction and Advanced Topics |
Author(s): |
Hermann Haken |
Date: | 2004 |
Size: | 1 online resource (764 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-662-10184-1 |
Contents: | Part I: Goal -- Probability -- Information -- Chance -- Necessity -- Chance and Necessity -- Self-Organization -- Physical Systems -- Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- Applications in Biology -- Sociology and Economics -- Chaos -- |
Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- Part II: Linear Ordinary Differential Equations -- Linear Ordinary Differential Equations with Quasiperiodic Coefficients -- Stochastic Nonlinear Differential Equations -- The World of Coupled | |
Nonlinear Oscillators -- Nonlinear Coupling of Oscillators: The Case of Persistence of Quasiperiodic Motion -- Nonlinear Equations. The Slaving Principle -- Nonlinear Equations. Qualitative Macroscopic Changes -- Spatial Patterns -- | |
The Inclusion of Noise -- Discrete Noisy Maps -- Example of an Unsolvable Problem in Dynamics -- Some Comments on the Relation Between Synergetics and Other Sciences | |
ISBN: | 9783662101841 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Biochemistry , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , System theory , Physics , Mathematics , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Systems Theory, Control , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2004-9781402025716:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 5 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2004 |
Size: | 1 online resource (317 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4020-2571-6 |
Contents: | • Astronomy in Antarctica -- • Optical Astronomy in Post-Apartheid South Africa: 1994 to 2004 -- • The Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC): Its Role in Leading the Development of Spanish Astrophysics -- • The Isaac Newton Group |
of Telescopes from a Historic Perspective -- • Astronomy in Ireland -- • Switzerland towards ESA and ESO: Diversity, Perseverance, and Diplomacy -- • Observing in Service Mode: The Experience at the European Southern Observatory -- • | |
The International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) -- • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology in the Max Planck Society -- • Statistics on Women in the IAU Membership -- • The A&A Experience with Impact Factors -- • | |
The Public Impact of the Hubble Space Telescope: A Case Study -- • Astronomy for Blind and Visually-Impaired People -- • Popularization of Astronomy in the Netherlands -- • Ludek Pesek’s Role as Space Artist -- • Ruminations on the | |
Evolving Universe and a Creator God -- • Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy | |
ISBN: | 9781402025716 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 310 |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Social Sciences, general , Sociology, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2004-9780306479649:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Experts in Science and Society |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2004 |
Publisher: | Boston, MA : Springer US |
Size: | 1 online resource (314 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/b105826 |
Contents: | Political Systems and the Experts They Support -- Scientists as Expert Advisors: Science Cultures Versus National Cultures? -- Experts’ Discourses as Judicial Drama or Bureaucratic Coordination: Family Debate in the United States and |
Germany -- The Integration of Social Science Expertise Into the Political Process: Did It Actually Happen? -- Socialist Legal Experts: A New Profession? -- Who Is Called Upon as Expert? -- Folklore Protection in Australia: Who Is | |
Expert in Aboriginal Tradition? -- The Humane Expert: The Crisis of Modern Medicine During the Weimar Republic -- Expertise Not Wanted: The Case of the Criminal Law -- Air Pollution Control: Who Are the Experts? -- Experts, Redefined | |
-- The Philosopher as Coach -- Who Decides the Worth of an Arm and a Leg? Assessing the Monetary Value of Nonmonetary Damage -- The Expert in a Historical Context: The Case of Venetian Politics -- Innovative Representations -- Mapping | |
Urban Nature: Bio-Ecological Expertise and Urban Planning -- How to Improve the Diagnostic Inferences of Medical Experts -- Statistical Scientific Evidence and Expertise in the Courtroom -- The Authority of Representations | |
ISBN: | 9780306479649 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Science , Philosophy and science , Science , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Science, general , Sociology, general , Clinical Psychology , Philosophy of Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2003-9789401000499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 4 |
Author(s): |
André Heck |
Date: | 2003 |
Size: | 1 online resource (330 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-010-0049-9 |
Contents: | • Editorial -- • The ESA Experience -- • The Astronomer’s Pocket Guide to Astrobiology -- • Light Pollution Control:World-Wide Effects of and Efforts to Reduce Light Pollution -- • Strategies for Protecting Radio Astronomy -- • A |
Brief History of the Controversy Surrounding the Mount Graham International Observatory -- • Outreach at Kitt Peak Visitor Center:Techniques for Engaging the Public at a Major Observatory -- • Practical Popular Communication of | |
Astronomy -- • The Société Astronomique de France in the Astronomical Landscape: Evolution and Prospects -- • Use and Misuse of Web Downloads — A Personal View -- • The GAVRT Partnership: Bringing the Universe to K-12 Classrooms -- • | |
Activities in Astronomy Education of the International Astronomical Union -- • The Institute for Scientific Information and the Science Citation Index -- • The Observatory Magazine: Linking Three Centuries -- • Organizing and Managing | |
American Astronomical Society Meetings — From Preparation and Plans to Science Presentations -- • Organization and Goals of the European Astronomical Society -- • The Selection of Tenured Astronomers in France -- • The Changing | |
Landscape of Italian Astronomy -- • A Canadian Vision of International Astronomy and Astrophysics -- • Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy | |
ISBN: | 9789401000499 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 296 |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2002-9789401006064:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume III |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2002 |
Size: | 1 online resource (238 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-010-0606-4 |
Contents: | Editorial -- Close Encounters of the Third Kind with the Hubble Space Telescope -- Public Relations for a National Observatory -- Popularizing Astronomy: Four Decades as a Galley Slave -- The International Max Planck Research School |
(IMPRS) for Astrophysics at Garching-Munich -- Quality Assurance in UK Higher Education -- NSF Evaluation Processes in the Astronomical Sciences -- Scientific Impact of Large Telescopes -- The Rôle of Ground Stations in Space | |
Observatories -- Some Thoughts about the Virtual Observatory Concept -- Organizational Issues in Large Scientific Projects -- The History of the Joint Organization for Solar Observations (JOSO) 1969–2000 -- Optical Astronomy and South | |
Africa. Part I. To 1994 -- Astronomy and Astrophysics in the Czech Republic -- Astronomy and Astrophysics in the Slovak Republic -- Historians and Astronomers: Same Pursuits? -- The View from the Observatory: History is Too Important | |
to be Left to the Historians -- Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy | |
ISBN: | 9789401006064 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 280 |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2001-9789401006668:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume II |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2001 |
Size: | 1 online resource (280 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-010-0666-8 |
Contents: | Strategies for Bringing a 19th-Century Observatory up to the Standards of 21st-Century Astronomy -- IUCAA: A New Experiment for Indian Universities -- Background and Achievements of UN/ESA Workshops on Basic Space Science 1991–2001 -- |
Organising and Funding Research at a European Level -- OPTICON: EC Optical Infrared Coordination Network for Astronomy -- Coordinating Multiple Observatory Campaigns -- New Strategies in Ground-Based Observing -- Large Surveys in | |
Cosmology: The Changing Sociology -- The ESO Observing Programmes Committee -- Astronomical Software Strategies -- Scientometrics: The Research Field and its Journal -- Comments on Refereeing -- Communicating and Networking in | |
Astronomy Libraries -- Editing the Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics -- Editing a Multilingual Astronomy Magazine -- Working with the Media: The Royal Astronomical Society Experience -- Creativity in Arts and Sciences: A | |
Survey -- Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy | |
ISBN: | 9789401006668 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 266 |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2000-9789401009263:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2000 |
Size: | 1 online resource (221 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-010-0926-3 |
Contents: | • Introduction (Editor) -- • Astronomy-Related Organizations: Geographical Distributions, Ages and Sizes -- • The Astronomische Gesellschaft: Pieces from its History -- • What Can We Learn from Publications Studies? -- • Observation |
of Scientific Publications in Astronomy/Astrophysics -- • NASA Program Solicitations, Proposal Evaluations, and Selection of Science Investigations -- • Planning and Implementation of ESA’s Space Science Programme -- • Communicating in | |
Astronomy -- • The Problem of English as a Foreign Language in Professional Astronomy -- • Astronomy and the General Public: A Historical Perspective -- • The Refereeing System in Astronomy -- • The Conferences on “The Inspiration of | |
Astronomical Phenomena”: Excursions into “Cross-Overs” between Science, the Arts and Literature -- • Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy | |
ISBN: | 9789401009263 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 256 |
Keywords: | Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1996-9789401714044:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Elements of Survey Sampling |
Author(s): |
Ravindra Singh |
Date: | 1996 |
Size: | 1 online resource (390 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-017-1404-4 |
Contents: | 1. Collection of Survey Data -- 2. Elementary Concepts -- 3. Simple Random Sampling -- 4. Sampling with Varying Probabilities -- 5. Stratified Sampling -- 6. Systematic Sampling -- 7. Ratio and Product Methods of Estimation -- 8. |
Regression Method of Estimation -- 9. Two-Phase Sampling -- 10. Cluster Sampling -- 11. Multistage Sampling -- 12. Sampling from Mobile Populations -- 13. Nonresponse Errors -- Appendixes -- A. Standard normal probability distribution | |
-- B. Random numbers -- C. Number of tractors, tube wells, and net irrigated area (in hectares) for 69 villages of Doraha development block of Punjab, India -- D. Fifty WOR simple random samples -- E. Explanation of certain local terms | |
used -- References -- Author Index | |
ISBN: | 9789401714044 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Kluwer Texts in the Mathematical Sciences, A Graduate-Level Book Series: 15 |
Keywords: | Statistics , Business , Management science , Political science , Economics , Sociology , Statistics , Statistics, general , Economics, general , Business and Management, general , Sociology, general , Political Science |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1996-9781475798265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Contemporary Issues in Behavior Therapy Improving the Human Condition |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1996 |
Size: | 1 online resource (447 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4757-9826-5 |
Contents: | 1. Introduction -- I. Behavioral Medicine -- 2. Medical Nonadherence: A Behavior Analysis -- 3. Covert Conditioning in Behavioral Medicine: Strategies for Psycho-oncology -- 4. The Nature of Walking: A Foundation for the Experimental |
Analysis of Orientation and Mobility -- 5. Treatment of Substance Abuse in Older Adults -- 6. Behavior Analysis and HIV Prevention: A Call to Action -- 7. Improving Eating Habits: A Stimulus-Control Approach to Lifestyle Change -- 8. | |
Memory Rehabilitation Techniques with Brain-Injured Individuals -- II. Education -- 9. Acting to Save Our Schools (1984–1994) -- 10. A University for the Twenty-First Century -- 11. The Primacy of the Initial Learning Experience: The | |
Incredible Gift of Learning -- III. Developmental Disabilities -- 12. Improving the Human Condition through Communication Training in Autism -- IV. Social Issues -- 13. The Social Relevance of Applied Behavior Analysis and | |
Psychological Intervention Strategies -- 14. From Aircrib to Walden Two: B. F. Skinner and Cultural Design -- 15. Perspectives on the Problem of Poverty -- V. Clinical Applications -- 16. Behavior Therapy-Generated Insight -- 17. Some | |
Applications of Behavioral Principles to Sport and Exercise Enhancement -- 18. Training the Client to Be Empathetic -- VI. Developmental Considerations -- 19. The Making of a Stable Family -- 20. Putting the Gold Back in the Golden | |
Years -- VII. Philosophical Issues -- 21. Wisdom as the Key to a Better World -- 22. Afterword -- About the Contributors | |
ISBN: | 9781475798265 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Psychology , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Psychology , Clinical Psychology , Sociology, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1996-9781461223887:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Insights of Genius Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art |
Author(s): |
Arthur I Miller |
Date: | 1996 |
Size: | 1 online resource (482 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4612-2388-7 |
Contents: | 1 Common Sense and Scientific Intuition -- At the Beginning -- The Mindset of Renaissance Scientists -- Galileo’s Imagination -- Conceptual Frameworks and Common Sense -- Galileo and Newton Become Common Sense -- The Waviness of Light |
Waves -- Life on a Moving Platform -- A Problem with Relative Motion -- /Another Way to Think About Relative Motion -- Time and Light -- Concluding Comments -- 2 The Intuition of Atoms -- But Is Light Really a Wave? -- The Visual | |
Imagery of Intuition -- Atoms and Solar Systems -- Atomic Intuition and Visualization -- Visualization Lost, Intuition Redefined -- Intuitivity: The Central Issue -- Another Redefinition of Intuition -- Visualization Regained, in Part | |
-- Extending Intuition: Bohr’s Correspondence Principle -- Concluding Comments -- 3 Scientific Methods -- The Verdict of Experiment or Not? -- Data, Data Everywhere… -- Unwanted Precision -- Picking and Choosing Data -- Sociology | |
Influences Science -- The Principle of Relativity -- Conservation of Energy -- Heat Is Energy -- Unification of the Sciences -- 4 Faith in an Ordered Universe -- Certainty and/or Knowledge? -- The Sign of the Time -- Carnot’s Imaginary | |
Engine -- The Birth of Uncertainty -- A Mal du Siècle Over the Fin de Siècle -- Causality in Quantum Physics -- The Image of Light -- Quantum Effects and the Corsican Brothers -- 5 Speaking Realistically About Science -- Let’s Have a | |
Reality Sandwich -- Atoms in Antiquity -- Doubts About Atomic Reality -- Positive Thinking -- A Mach Attack -- Planck Converts to Atomism -- Atomic Vindication -- On Mach’s Philosophical Heirs -- Boredom Relieved, Momentarily -- | |
Scientific Realism -- Scientific Antirealism -- The Social Side of Science -- Antirealism and Scientific Practice -- The Chic of Antirealism: Postmodernism/ -- The Two Cultures -- Some Very Modern Postmodernists -- Back to Reality -- 6 | |
The Reasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in Physics -- Mathematics and Physics -- Pythagoras’s Preestablished Harmony -- Newton, Einstein, and Minkowski’s Dream -- Kant, Geometry, and the Cognitive Status of Science -- The “Right” | |
Sort of Statement -- Non-Euclidean Geometries and Euclidean Prisons -- Poincaré, The Origins of Geometry, and the Boundaries of Thought -- Testing Geometry -- Twentieth-Century Atomism, The Platonic Turn -- Can Physics Generate | |
Mathematics? Minkowski in Reverse -- 7 Scientific Progress and Metaphors -- The Pervasiveness of Metaphors -- The Interaction View of Metaphor -- Metaphors and Models of Scientific Thought -- Metaphor and the Emergence of Scientific | |
Knowledge -- Meaning and Antirealism -- Language and Realism -- Relativism in Language and Science -- Metaphors, Language, and Realism -- At a Loss for Words -- Metaphors and Analogies in Particle Physics -- Do Scientists Actually Use | |
Metaphors? -- A Platonic Interlude -- Another Nobel Prize Metaphor -- Metaphors and Scientific Progress -- Why Did Physics Develop As It Did? -- How Science Advances -- 8 Visual Imagery in Scientific Thought -- Some Background to | |
Mental Imagery -- Visual Imagery and Computational Psychology: A Study in Architecture -- The Imagery Debate -- A Model of Mental Processing and Its Critics -- Vision -- Gestalt Psychology and Vision -- The Present Status of the | |
Imagery Debate -- The Misuse of Language in Visual Imagery -- Thought Experiments -- Visual Imagery, Cognitive Science, and the History of Scientific Thought -- he History of Science and the Imagery Debate -- 9 Scientific Creativity -- | |
Creativity and Digital Thought -- Creativity and Analog Thought -- A Model for Network Thinking -- Why Poincaré and Einstein? -- Poincar0 and Edouard Toulouse -- Portrait of the Mathematician -- The Scientific Creativity of Henri | |
Poincaré -- Poincaré and Creativity Research Circa 1900/Intuition and Logic -- Poincaré on Intuition, Aesthetics, and Mental Imagery -- Poincare Introspects -- Four-Dimensional Aesthetics -- Poincare and Relativity -- Einstein and Max | |
Wertheimer -- A Portrait of the Physicist as a Young Man -- Einstein in Love -- The Creativity of Albert Einstein -- Einstein Introspects on Intuition and Aesthetics -- Aesthetics -- Poincaré’s and Einstein’s Creative Thinking -- 10 | |
Art, Science, and the History of Ideas -- Aesthetics in Art and Science -- One Person’s Aesthetics and Intuition May Not Be Another’s -- Science as Aesthetics -- Cubism and Quantum Mechanics -- Physicists Re-Represent -- Feynman | |
Diagrams, Representation, and Gestalt Psychology -- The Deeper Structure of Data -- Art in the Twentieth Century -- Picasso, Geometry, and Cubism: Relations Between Developments in Cubism and Science -- Picasso, Braque, and Space -- | |
Cubism and Relativity -- Figurative to Nonfigurative, Objects Disappear -- Art Theory and Science Theory -- Creativity in Art and Science -- Searching for Reality -- Conclusion: The New Sciences | |
ISBN: | 9781461223887 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Physics, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1994-9783034885010:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Fractals in Biology and Medicine |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1994 |
Size: | 1 online resource (397 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-0348-8501-0 |
Contents: | Preface: Summary of the Symposium -- The Significance of Fractals for Biology and Medicine. An Introduction and Summary -- Fractal Geometry and Biomedical Sciences7 -- A Fractal’s Lacunarity, and how it can be Tuned and Measured -- |
Spatial and Temporal Fractal Patterns in Cell and Molecular Biology -- Chaos, Noise and Biological Data -- Fractal Landscapes in Physiology & Medicine: Long-Range Correlations in DNA Sequences and Heart Rate Intervals -- Fractals in | |
Biological Design and Morphogenesis -- Design of Biological Organisms and Fractal Geometry -- Fractal and Non-Fractal Growth of Biological Cell Systems -- Evolutionary Meaning, Functions and Morphogenesis of Branching Structures in | |
Biology -- Relationship Between the Branching Pattern of Airways and the Spatial Arrangement of Pulmonary Acini — A Re-Examination from a Fractal Point of View -- Multivariate Characterization of Blood Vessel Morphogenesis in the Avian | |
Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM): Cell Proliferation, Length Density and Fractal Dimension -- Phyllotaxis or Self-Similarity in Plant Morphogenesis -- Fractals in Molecular and Cell Biology -- Evolutionary Interplay Between Spontaneous | |
Mutation and Selection: Aleatoric Contributions of Molecular Reaction Mechanisms -- Error Propagation Theory of Chemically Solid Phase Synthesized Oligonucleotides and DNA Sequences for Biomedical Application -- Fractional Relaxation | |
Equations for Protein Dynamics -- Measuring Fractal Dimensions of Cell Contours: Practical Approaches and their Limitations -- Fractal Properties of Pericellular Membrane from Lymphocytes and Leukemic Cells -- Cellular Sociology: | |
Parametrization of Spatial Relationships Based on Voronoi Diagram and Ulam Trees -- A Fractal Analysis of Morphological Differentiation of Spinal Cord Neurons in Cell Culture -- Fractal Dimensions and Dendritic Branching of Neurons in | |
the Somatosensory Thalamus -- Fractal Structure and Metabolic Functions -- Organisms as Open Systems -- Transfer to and across Irregular Membranes Modelled by Fractal Geometry -- Scaling and Active Surface of Fractal Membranes -- | |
Structure Formation in Excitable Media -- Colony Morphology of the Fungus Aspergillus Oryzae -- Estimation of the Correlation Dimension of All-Night Sleep EEG Data with a Personal Super Computer -- Fractals in Pathology -- Changes in | |
Fractal Dimension of Trabecular Bone in Osteoporosis: A Preliminary Study -- Use of the Fractal Dimension to Characterize the Structure of Cancellous Bone in Radiographs of the Proximal Femur -- Distribution of Local-Connected Fractal | |
Dimension and the Degree of Liver Fattiness from Ultrasound -- Fractal Dimension as a Characterisation Parameter of Premalignant and Malignant Epithelial Lesions of the Floor of the Mouth -- Modelling -- Modelling HIV/AIDS Dynamics -- | |
Morphological Diagnosis Turns from Gestalt to Geometry -- Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching Studied by Total Internal Reflection Microscopy: An Experimental System for Studies on Living Cells in Culture -- Anomalous Diffusion | |
and Angle-Dependency in the Theory of Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching -- List of Speakers -- List of Participants | |
ISBN: | 9783034885010 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Life sciences , Health informatics , Bioinformatics , Computational biology , Biomathematics , Life Sciences , Computer Appl. in Life Sciences , Health Informatics , Mathematical and Computational Biology , Physiological, Cellular and Medical Topics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1987-9781475719390:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Arctic and Alpine Mycology II |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1987 |
Size: | 1 online resource (364 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4757-1939-0 |
Contents: | Biogeography -- On the Origin and Ecology of Alpine Plant Parasitic Fungi -- Larger Arctic-Alpine Fungi in Scotland -- Ecology/Physiology -- Ecophysiological Studies on Alpine Macromycetes: Saprophytic Clitocybe and Mycorrhizal |
Hebeloma associated with Dryas octopetala -- Sociology and Ecology of Larger Fungi in the Subarctic and Oroarctic Zones in Northwest Finnish Lapland -- Endophytic Fungi of Alpine Ericaceae. The Endophytes of Loiseleuria procumbens -- | |
Taxonomy: Ascomycetes -- Three 4-spored Saccobolus species from North East Greenland -- Ascomycetes Growing on Polytrichum sexangulare -- Nordic Juncicolous Mycosphaerellae -- New Svalbard Fungi -- Phaeosphaeria in the Arctic and | |
Alpine Zones -- Sarcoleotia globosa (Sommerf: Fr.) Korf, Taxonomy Ecology and Distribution -- Taxonomy: Basidiomycetes -- The Genus Galerina on Svalbard -- Astrosporina in the Alpine Zone of the Swiss National Park (SNP) and Adjacent | |
Regions -- Agaricaceae, Amanitaceae, Boletaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Paxillaceae and Pluteaceae in Greenland -- Agaricales de la Zone Alpine Genus Cortinarius Fr., Subgenus Telamonia (Fr.) Loud Part III -- Arctic Gasteromycetes. The Genus | |
Bovista in Greenland and Svalbard -- Hygrophoraceae from Arctic and Alpine Tundra in Alaska -- Higher Fungi in Tundra and Subalpine Tundra from the Yukon Territory and Alaska -- Fungi (Agaricales, Russulales) from the Alpine Zone of | |
Yellowstone National Park and the Beartooth Mountains with Special Emphasis on Cortinarius -- Lichenized Agarics: Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Riddles -- Contributors -- Participants Photograph | |
ISBN: | 9781475719390 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Environmental Science Research : 34 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physics , Physics, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9783642695407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Synergetics — From Microscopic to Macroscopic Order Proceedings of the International Symposium on Synergetics at Berlin, July 4–8, 1983 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (262 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-69540-7 |
Contents: | Some Introductory Remarks on Synergetics -- I Order, Chaos, Indeterminancies -- Time Pattern Transitions in Biochemical Processes -- Chaotic Behaviours Observed in Homogeneous Chemical Systems -- Wave-Number Selection in Rotating |
Couette-Taylor Flow -- Periodic and Chaotic Patterns in Selected Quantum Optical Systems -- Chaos in Lasers -- The Falling Pencil and Superfluorescence: Macroscopic Indeterminacies After the Decay of Unstable Equilibria -- II Ordered | |
Structures and Processes in Biomembranes -- On the Formation of Transient Order in Biological Membranes -- Generalized Moment Description of Brownian Dynamics in Biological Systems -- Nonequilibrium Current Noise Generated by Ordered | |
Ion Transport Processes in Biological Membranes -- The Molecular Machine of Photosynthesis-Physico-Chemical Aspects -- III Evolution of Structures -- Polynucleotide Replication and Biological Evolution -- The Evolution Strategy. A | |
Mathematical Model of Darwinian Evolution -- Multigene Families and their Implications for Evolutionary Theory -- Evolution of Biothermodynamic Systems -- Self-Organising Dynamic Models of Human Systems -- IV Social Sciences -- Some | |
Applications of Basic Ideas and Models of Synergetics to Sociology -- A Synergetic Approach to Energy-Oriented Models of Socio-Economic- Technological Problems -- New Synergisms in Socio-Economic Systems: More Questions than Answers -- | |
On the Entropy of Economic Systems -- V Complex Systems -- Death - From Microscopic to Macroscopic Disorder -- Local Synaptic Modification Can Lead to Organized Connectivity Patterns in Associative Memory -- The Organization of Action | |
in Time -- New Problems for an Old Brain - Synergetics, Cognition and Evolutionary Epistemology -- Index of Contributors | |
ISBN: | 9783642695407 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Synergetics: 22 |
Keywords: | Physics , Chemometrics , Biochemistry , Computational intelligence , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Computational Intelligence |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9781461564652:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Applied Abstract Algebra |
Author(s): |
Rudolf Lidl |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (175 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-6465-2 |
Contents: | 1 Lattices -- § 1. Properties of Lattices -- §2. Boolean Algebras -- §3. Minimal Forms of Boolean Polynomials -- Notes -- 2 Applications of Lattices -- §1. Switching Circuits -- §2. Propositional Logic -- §3. Further Applications -- |
Notes -- 3 Finite Fields and Polynomials -- §1. Rings and Fields -- §2. Finite Fields -- §3. Irreducible Polynomials over Finite Fields -- §4. Factorization of Polynomials over Finite Fields -- §5. The Nullspace of a Matrix (Appendix | |
to §4) -- Notes -- 4 Coding Theory -- §1. Linear Codes -- §2. Cyclic Codes -- §3. Special Cyclic Codes -- Notes -- 5 Further Applications of Fields and Groups -- §1. Combinatorial Applications -- §2. Algebraic Cryptography -- §3. | |
Linear Recurring Sequences -- §4. Fast Adding -- §5. Polya’s Theory of Enumeration -- Notes -- 6 Automata -- § 1. Semiautomata and Automata -- §2. Description of Automata Examples -- §3. Semigroups -- §4. Input Sequences -- §5. The | |
Monoid of a (Semi-) Automaton and the (Semi-) Automaton of a Monoid -- §6. Composition and Decomposition -- §7. Minimal Automata -- Notes -- 7 Further Applications of Semigroups -- §1. Formal Languages -- §2. Semigroups in Biology -- | |
§3. Semigroups in Sociology -- 8 Solutions to the Exercises -- 1 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 5 -- 6 -- 7 -- A. Some Fundamental Concepts -- B. Computer Programs -- Author Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461564652 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Algebra , Mathematics , Algebra |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1984-9781461252009:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Sequences and Series in Banach Spaces |
Author(s): |
Joseph Diestel |
Date: | 1984 |
Size: | 1 online resource (263 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4612-5200-9 |
Contents: | I. Riesz’s Lemma and Compactness in Banach Spaces. Isomorphic classification of finite dimensional Banach spaces … Riesz’s lemma … finite dimensionality and compactness of balls … exercises … Kottman’s separation theorem … notes and |
remarks … bibliography. -- II. The Weak and Weak* Topologies: an Introduction. Definition of weak topology … non-metrizability of weak topology in infinite dimensional Banach spaces … Mazur’s theorem on closure of convex sets … weakly | |
continuous functional coincide with norm continuous functionals … the weak* topology … Goldstine’s theorem … Alaoglu’s theorem … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- III. The Eberlein-Šmulian Theorem. Weak compactness of | |
closed unit ball is equivalent to reflexivity … the Eberlein-Šmulian theorem … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- IV. The Orlicz-Pettis Theorem. Pettis’s measurability theorem … the Bochner integral … the equivalence of | |
weak subseries convergence with norm subseries convergence … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- V. Basic Sequences. Definition of Schauder basis … basic sequences … criteria for basic sequences … Mazur’s technique for | |
constructing basic sequences … Pelczynski’s proof of the Eberlein-Šmulian theorem … the Bessaga-Pelczynski selection principle… Banach spaces containing co … weakly unconditionally Cauchy series … co in dual spaces … basic sequences | |
spanning complemented subspaces … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- VI. The Dvoretsky-Rogers Theorem. Absolutely P-summing operators … the Grothendieck-Pietsch domination theorem … the Dvoretsky-Rogers theorem … | |
exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- VII. The Classical Banach Spaces. Weak and pointwise convergence of se-quences in C(?) … Grothendieck’s characterization of weak convergence … Baire’s characterization of functions of | |
the first Baire class … special features of co, l1l? … injectivity of l? … separable injectivity of co … projectivity of l1 … l1 is primary … Pelczynski’s decomposition method … the dual of l? … the Nikodym-Grothendieck boundedness | |
theorem … Rosenthal’s lemma … Phillips’s lemma … Schur’s theorem … the Orlicz-Pettis theorem (again)… weak compactness in ca(?) and L1 (?) … the Vitali-Hahn-Saks theorem … the Dunford-Pettis theorem … weak sequential completene ss of | |
ca(?) and L1(?) … the Kadec-Pelczynski theorem … the Grothendieck-Dieudonne weak compactness criteria in rca … weak* convergent sequences in l?* are weakly convergent … Khintchine’s Inequalities … Orlicz’s theorem … unconditionally | |
convergent series in Lp[0, 1], 1 ? p ? 2 … the Banach-Saks theorem … Szlenk’s theorem … weakly null sequences in Lp [0, 1], 1 ? p ? 2, have subsequences with norm convergent arithmetic means … exercises … notes and remarks … | |
bibliography. -- VIII. Weak Convergence and Unconditionally Convergent Series in Uniformly Convex Spaces. Modulus of convexity … monotonicity and convexity properties of modulus … Kadec’s theorem on unconditionally convergent series in | |
uniformly convex spaces … the Milman-Pettis theorem on reflexivity of uniformly convex spaces … Kakutani’s proof that uniformly convex spaces have the Banach-Saks property … the Gurarii-Gurarii theorem on lp estimates for basic | |
sequences in uniformly convex spaces … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- IX. Extremal Tests for Weak Convergence of Sequences and Series. The Krein-Milman theorem … integral representations … Bauer’s characterization of | |
extreme points … Milman’s converse to the Krein-Milman theorem … the Choquet integral representation theorem … Rainwater’s theorem … the Super lemma … Namioka’s density theorems … points of weak*-norm continuity of identity map … the | |
Bessaga-Pelczynski characterization of separable duals … Haydon’s separable generation theorem … the remarkable renorming procedure of Fonf … Elton’s extremal characterization of spaces without co-subspaces … exercises … notes and | |
remarks … bibliography. -- X. Grothendieck’s Inequality and the Grothendieck-Lindenstrauss-Pelczynski Cycle of Ideas. Rietz’s proof of Grothendieck’s inequality … definition of ?p spaces … every operator from a ?1-space to a ?2-space | |
is absolutely 1-summing … every operator from a L? space to ?1 space is absolutely 2-summing … c0, l1 and l2 have unique unconditional bases … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- An Intermission: Ramsey’s Theorem. | |
Mathematical sociology … completely Ramsey sets … Nash-Williams’ theorem … the Galvin-Prikry theorem … sets with the Baire property … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- XI. Rosenthal’s l1-theorem. Rademacher-like systems … trees … | |
Rosenthal’s I1-theorem … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- XII. The Josefson-Nissenzweig Theorem. Conditions insuring l1’s presence in a space given its presence in the dual … existence of weak* null sequences of | |
norm-one functionals … exercises … notes and remarks … bibliography. -- XIII. Banach Spaces with Weak*-Sequentially Compact Dual Balls. Separable Banach spaces have weak* sequentially compact dual balls … stability results … | |
Grothendieck’s approximation criteria for relative weak compactness … the Davis-Figiel-Johnson-Pelczynski scheme … Amir-Lindenstrauss theorem … subspaces of weakly compactly generated spaces have weak* sequentially compact dual balls … | |
so do spaces each of whose separable subspaces have a separable dual, thanks to Hagler and Johnson … the Odell-Rosenthal characterization of separable spaces with weak* sequentially compact second dual balls … exercises … notes and | |
remarks … bibliography. -- XIV. The Elton-Odell (l + ?)Separation Theorem. James’s co-distortion theorem … Johnson’s combinatorial designs for detecting co’s presence … the Elton-Odell proof that each infinite dimensional Banach space | |
contains a (l + ?)-separated sequence of norm-one elements … exercises … notes and remarks . . bibliography | |
ISBN: | 9781461252009 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Graduate Texts in Mathematics: 92 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Mathematics , Analysis |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1983-9783642883385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Synergetics An Introduction |
Author(s): |
Hermann Haken |
Date: | 1983 |
Edition: | Third Revised and Enlarged Edition |
Size: | 1 online resource (390 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-88338-5 |
Contents: | 1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3 |
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables -- | |
2.10 Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s | |
Formula -- 2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An | |
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov | |
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- Sections with an asterisk in the heading may be omitted during a first reading. -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes | |
-- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method | |
of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes, Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible | |
Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification | |
of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some | |
Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck-Equation -- 6.6 Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 | |
Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic | |
Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the | |
Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8 Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended | |
Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- | |
8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 | |
Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 The Introduction of New Variables -- 8.12 Damped and Neutral | |
Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.13 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.14 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.15 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near | |
Threshold -- 8.16 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and | |
Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 | |
Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, | |
Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments | |
on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology and Economics -- 11.1 A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 11.2 Phase Transitions in Economics -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation | |
and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Discrete Maps, Period Doubling, Chaos, Intermittency -- 13. Some Historical | |
Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments | |
ISBN: | 9783642883385 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Synergetics: 1 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Biochemistry , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , System theory , Physics , Mathematics , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Systems Theory, Control , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1983-9783642817892:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Concepts and Models of a Quantitative Sociology The Dynamics of Interacting Populations |
Author(s): |
Wolfgang Weidlich |
Date: | 1983 |
Size: | 1 online resource (220 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-81789-2 |
Contents: | 1. Introduction and Outline -- 1.1 Synergetic Concepts in the Natural Sciences -- 1.2 Synergetic Concepts in Sociology -- 1.3 Significance and Limitations of Quantitative Sociology -- 2. Opinion Formation — an Elementary Example of |
Semi-Quantitative Sociology -- 2.1 The Model -- 2.2 The Equations of Motion -- 2.3 Solutions of the Equations of Motion -- 2.4 Choice of Transition Probabilities and the Explicit Form of the Model -- 2.5 The Sociological Interpretation | |
of the Model -- 3. Fundamental Concepts of Quantitative Sociology -- 3.1 Attitude Space, Socio-Configuration and Situation Space -- 3.2 Equations of Motion for the Socio-Configuration -- 3.3 The Dynamics of Trend Parameters and of the | |
Situation Vector -- 3.4 Mean Value Equations for Grossvariables of the Socio-Configuration -- 4. Migration and/or Birth-Death Processes in Populations -- 4.1 The General Model -- 4.2 Migration of Two Interacting Populations Between Two | |
Parts of a City -- 4.3 Birth-Death Processes Within a Single Population -- 4.4 Migration and Predator-Prey Interaction Between Two Species -- 5. Non-Equilibrium Theory of Investment: “The Schumpeter Clock” -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 | |
Macro- and Micro-Economic Variables of the Model and Their Interdependence -- 5.3 Design of the Investors’ Interaction Model -- 5.4 Structural Analysis of the System of Equations -- 5.5 Numerical Analysis Based on the Model -- 6. The | |
Interaction of Competitive Macrosocieties -- 6.1 Reconsideration of the Problem of Model Construction -- 6.2 The “Minimal Model” -- 6.3 Solutions of the Model Equations -- 6.4 Political Implications -- References | |
ISBN: | 9783642817892 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Synergetics: 14 |
Keywords: | Physics , Business , Management science , Ecology , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Business and Management, general , Ecology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1983-9783642455537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Advanced Synergetics Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices |
Author(s): |
Hermann Haken |
Date: | 1983 |
Size: | 1 online resource (105 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-45553-7 |
Contents: | 1. Introduction -- 1.1 What is Synergetics About? -- 1.2 Physics -- 1.2.1 Fluids: Formation of Dynamic Patterns -- 1.2.2 Lasers: Coherent Oscillations -- 1.2.3 Plasmas: A Wealth of Instabilities -- 1.2.4 Solid-State Physics: |
Multistability, Pulses, Chaos -- 1.3 Engineering -- 1.3.1 Civil, Mechanical, and Aero-Space Engineering: Post-Buckling Patterns, Flutter, etc -- 1.3.2 Electrical Engineering and Electronics: Nonlinear Oscillations -- 1.4 Chemistry: | |
Macroscopic Patterns -- 1.5 Biology -- 1.5.1 Some General Remarks -- 1.5.2 Morphogenesis -- 1.5.3 Population Dynamics -- 1.5.4 Evolution -- 1.5.5 Immune System -- 1.6 Computer Sciences -- 1.6.1 Self-Organization of Computers, in | |
Particular Parallel Computing -- 1.6.2 Pattern Recognition by Machines -- 1.6.3 Reliable Systems from Unreliable Elements -- 1.7 Economy -- 1.8 Ecology -- 1.9 Sociology -- 1.10 What are the Common Features of the Above Examples? -- | |
1.11 The Kind of Equations We Want to Study -- 1.11.1 Differential Equations -- 1.11.2 First-Order Differential Equations -- 1.11.3 Nonlinearity -- 1.11.4 Control Parameters -- 1.11.5 Stochasticity -- 1.11.6 Many Components and the | |
Mezoscopic Approach -- 1.12 How to Visualize the Solutions -- 1.13 Qualitative Changes: General Approach -- 1.14 Qualitative Changes: Typical Phenomena -- 1.14.1 Bifurcation from One Node (or Focus) into Two Nodes (or Foci) -- 1.14.2 | |
Bifurcation from a Focus into a Limit Cycle (Hopf Bifurcation) -- 1.14.3 Bifurcations from a Limit Cycle -- 1.14.4 Bifurcations from a Torus to Other Tori -- 1.14.5 Chaotic Attractors -- 1.14.6 Lyapunov Exponents * -- 1.15 The Impact | |
of Fluctuations (Noise). Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 1.16 Evolution of Spatial Patterns -- 1.17 Discrete Maps. The Poincaré Map -- 1.18 Discrete Noisy Maps -- 1.19 Pathways to Self-Organization -- 1.19.1 Self-Organization | |
Through Change of Control Parameters -- 1.19.2 Self-Organization Through Change of Number of Components -- 1.19.3 Self-Organization Through Transients -- 1.20 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Linear Ordinary Differential Equations -- 2.1 | |
Examples of Linear Differential Equations: The Case of a Single Variable -- 2.1.1 Linear Differential Equation with Constant Coefficient -- 2.1.2 Linear Differential Equation with Periodic Coefficient -- 2.1.3 Linear Differential | |
Equation with Quasiperiodic Coefficient -- 2.1.4 Linear Differential Equation with Real Bounded Coefficient -- 2.2 Groups and Invariance -- 2.3 Driven Systems -- 2.4 General Theorems on Algebraic and Differential Equations -- 2.4.1 The | |
Form of the Equations -- 2.4.2 Jordan’s Normal Form -- 2.4.3 Some General Theorems on Linear Differential Equations -- 2.4.4 Generalized Characteristic Exponents and Lyapunov Exponents -- 2.5 Forward and Backward Equations: Dual | |
Solution Spaces -- 2.6 Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients -- 2.7 Linear Differential Equations with Periodic Coefficients -- 2.8 Group Theoretical Interpretation -- 2.9 Perturbation Approach* -- 3. Linear Ordinary | |
Differential Equations with Quasiperiodic Coefficients* -- 3.1 Formulation of the Problem and of Theorem 3 -- 3.2 Auxiliary Theorems (Lemmas) -- 3.3 Proof of Assertion (a) of Theorem 3.1.1: Construction of a Triangular Matrix: Example | |
of a 2 × 2 Matrix -- 3.4 Proof that the Elements of the Triangular Matrix C are Quasiperiodic in ? (and Periodic in ?j and Ck with Respect to ?: Exampleof a 2 × 2 Matrix -- 3.5 Construction of the Triangular Matrix C and Proof that Its | |
Elements are Quasiperiodic in ? (and Periodic in ?j and Ck with Respect to ?): The Case of an m × m Matrix, all A’s Different -- 3.6 Approximation Methods. Smoothing -- 3.6.1 A Variational Method -- 3.6.2 Smoothing -- 3.7 The | |
Triangular Matrix C and Its Reduction -- 3.8 The General Case: Some of the Generalized Characteristic Exponents Coincide -- 3.9 Explicit Solution of (3.1.1) by an Iteration Procedure -- 4. Stochastic Nonlinear Differential Equations -- | |
4.1 An Example -- 4.2 The Îto Differential Equation and the Îto-Fokker-Planck Equation -- 4.3 The Stratonovich Calculus -- 4.4 Langevin Equations and Fokker-Planck Equation -- 5. The World of Coupled Nonlinear Oscillators -- 5.1 Linear | |
Oscillators Coupled Together -- 5.1.1 Linear Oscillators with Linear Coupling -- 5.1.2 Linear Oscillators with Nonlinear Coupling. An Example. Frequency Shifts -- 5.2 Perturbations of Quasiperiodic Motion for Time-Independent | |
Amplitudes (Quasiperiodic Motion Shall Persist) -- 5.3 Some Considerations on the Convergence of the Procedure* -- 6. Nonlinear Coupling of Oscillators: The Case of Persistence of Quasiperiodic Motion -- 6.1 The Problem -- 6.2 Moser’s | |
Theorem (Theorem 6.2.1) -- 6.3 The Iteration Procedure* -- 7. Nonlinear Equations. The Slaving Principle -- 7.1 An Example -- 7.1.1 The Adiabatic Approximation -- 7.1.2 Exact Elimination Procedure -- 7.2 The General Form of the Slaving | |
Principle. Basic Equations -- 7.3 Formal Relations -- 7.4 The Iteration Procedure -- 7.5 An Estimate of the Rest Term. The Question of Differentiability -- 7.6 Slaving Principle for Discrete Noisy Maps* -- 7.7 Formal Relations* -- 7.8 | |
The Iteration Procedure for the Discrete Case* -- 7.9 Slaving Principle for Stochastic Differential Equations* -- 8. Nonlinear Equations. Qualitative Macroscopic Changes -- 8.1 Bifurcations from a Node or Focus. Basic Transformations | |
-- 8.2 A Simple Real Eigenvalue Becomes Positive -- 8.3 Multiple Real Eigenvalues Become Positive -- 8.4 A Simple Complex Eigenvalue Crosses the Imaginary Axis. Hopf Bifurcation -- 8.5 Hopf Bifurcation, Continued -- 8.6 Frequency | |
Locking Between Two Oscillators -- 8.7 Bifurcation from a Limit Cycle -- 8.8 Bifurcation from a Limit Cycle: Special Cases -- 8.8.1 Bifurcation into Two Limit Cycles -- 8.8.2 Period Doubling -- 8.8.3 Subharmonics -- 8.8.4 Bifurcation | |
to a Torus -- 8.9 Bifurcation from a Torus (Quasiperiodic Motion) -- 8.10 Bifurcation from a Torus: Special Cases -- 8.10.1 A Simple Real Eigenvalue Becomes Positive -- 8.10.2 A Complex Nondegenerate Eigenvalue Crosses the Imaginary | |
Axis -- 8.11 Instability Hierarchies, Scenarios, and Routes to Turbulence -- 8.11.1 The Landau-Hopf Picture -- 8.11.2 The Ruelle and Takens Picture -- 8.11.3 Bifurcations of Tori. Quasiperiodic Motions -- 8.11.4 The Period-Doubling | |
Route to Chaos. Feigenbaum Sequence -- 8.11.5 The Route via Intermittency -- 9. Spatial Patterns -- 9.1 The Basic Differential Equations -- 9.2 The General Method of Solution -- 9.3 Bifurcation Analysis for Finite Geometries -- 9.4 | |
Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 9.5 A Simplification of Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations. Pattern Formation in Bénard Convection -- 10. The Inclusion of Noise -- 10.1 The General Approach -- 10.2 A Simple Example -- 10.3 | |
Computer Solution of a Fokker-Planck Equation for a Complex Order Parameter -- 10.4 Some Useful General Theorems on the Solutions of Fokker-Planck Equations -- 10.4.1 Time-Dependent and Time-Independent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck | |
Equation, if the Drift Coefficients are Linear in the Coordinates and the Diffusion Coefficients Constant -- 10.4.2 Exact Stationary Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 10.4.3 AnExample -- 10.4.4 | |
Useful Special Cases -- 10.5 Nonlinear Stochastic Systems Close to Critical Points: A Summary -- 11. Discrete Noisy Maps -- 11.1 Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation -- 11.2 The Effect of Boundaries. One-Dimensional Example -- 11.3 Joint | |
Probability and Transition Probability. Forward and Backward Equation 305 -- 11.4 Connection with Fredholm Integral Equation 306 -- 11.5 Path Integral Solution 307 -- 11.6 The Mean First Passage Time 308 -- 11.7 Linear Dynamics and | |
Gaussian Noise. Exact Time-Dependent Solution of the Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation 310 -- 12. Example of an Unsolvable Problem in Dynamics -- 13. Some Comments on the Relation Between Synergetics and Other Sciences -- Appendix A: Moser’s | |
Proof of His Theorem -- A.1 Convergence of the Fourier Series -- A.2 The Most General Solution to the Problem of Theorem -- A.3 Convergent Construction -- A.4 Proof of Theorem -- References | |
ISBN: | 9783642455537 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Synergetics: 20 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1981-9781461381457:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The File Case Study in Correction (1977–1979) |
Author(s): |
Serge Lang |
Date: | 1981 |
Size: | 1 online resource (712 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4613-8145-7 |
Contents: | Introductory Letter to the Reader -- Why bother? (Your point of view). Why bother? (My point of view). Editorial responsibility -- The letters. Introductory and other comments. Objectivity -- The Story: Summary -- A Reply to Lang -- |
The Ladd—Lipset Surveys—A Brief Review. The Methodology of the 1977 Survey. Survey Research on Public Opinion and Social Values. Sampling. Nonresponse. Question Design and Questionnaire Development. Envoi. -- The File -- “The 1977 | |
Survey of the American Professoriate” -- VERITAS AT HARVARD, by Sigmund Diamond from the New York Review of Books, 28 April 1977 -- The First Year -- One: The Opening Exchange -- Two: From Koblitz’s Letter to Lang’s Fifteen Pages of | |
Comments -- Three: From Lang’s Comments to the Science Article -- Four: From Science to New York Review of Books -- Five: The Garfinkel Letter (“McCarthyism”?) -- Six: The New York Review of Books Article -- The Second Year -- Seven: | |
Trying to Settle Loose Ends -- Eight: The Chronicle Causes a Rebound -- Nine: From Mac Lane’s Letter to the Editors (Notices, AMS) to Lang’s Letter to the Editor (Bulletin, AAUP) -- Ten: The Stakes Are Raised -- Eleven: The “Ratings” | |
Get Publicity -- Twelve: The AAUP—Chronicle Relation -- Thirteen: End of the Second Year -- Into a Third Year -- Fourteen: “McCarthyism”? (Again) -- Fifteen: “Intemperate and Libelous”? -- Sixteen: Ladd—Lipset, Survey Research, | |
Sociology. Can We Generalize? How? -- Seventeen: The Story Goes On -- Eighteen: Closing the File -- Appendices -- Appendix II. Documents on the Carnegie—ACE 1969 Survey -- Lang Letter to Clark Kerr on the 1969 Survey -- Appendix III. | |
“Representative Sampling, I: Non-scientific Literature,” by William Kruskal and Frederic Mosteller -- Appendix IV. Veritas at Harvard -- Some Themes and Issues -- S. Lang -- Correction. “The 1977 Survey of the American Professoriate”: | |
quality use of the questionnaire academic effect administrative effect and public effect. Survey research. Sociology. Social Sciences. VERITAS AT HARVARD. Scholarship: academic only? active? political? Journalistic power the cc list | |
letters to the editor. Financial power. Subservience to authority and power: intellectual authority statutory authority and power. The competence of the surveyors. The personal aspect of the file. The methodology of the file. | |
Collegiality. Responsibility: institutional journalistic scientific personal. Conclusion -- Publication of the File -- Comments and Letters -- “Selective Memory and Scholarly Controversy,” -- Seymour Martin Lipset | |
ISBN: | 9781461381457 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1981-9781461259053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Regular Structures Lectures in Pattern Theory Volume III |
Author(s): |
Ulf Grenander |
Date: | 1981 |
Size: | 1 online resource (570 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4612-5905-3 |
Contents: | 1. Patterns: From Chaos to Order -- 1.1. The search for regularity -- 1.2. Some regular structures -- 1.3. The mathematical study of regularity -- 2. A Pattern Formalism -- 2.1. The principle of atomism -- 2.2. The combinatory |
principle -- 2.3. The principle of observability -- 2.4. The principle of realism -- 3. Algebra of Regular Structures -- 3.1. Generator coordinates -- 3.2. Configuration coordinates -- 3.3. Connectors -- 3.4. Configuration | |
homomorphisms -- 3.5. Configuration categories -- 3.6. Set operations in C (R) -- 3.7. Operations on images -- 3.8. Homomorphisms for given global regularity -- 3.9. Representations by image isomorphisms -- 4. Some Topology of Image | |
Algebras -- 4.1. A topology for configurations -- 4.2. A topology for images -- 4.3. Some examples -- 5. Metric Pattern Theory -- 5.1. Regularity controlled probabilities -- 5.2. Conditioning by regularity -- 5.3. Frozen patterns: | |
finite G and n -- 5.4. Frozen patterns: infinite G and finite n. -- 5.5. Quadratic energy function -- 5.6. Frozen patterns: infinite G and n -- 5.7. Asymptotically minimum energy -- 5.8. Asymptotics for large configurations -- 5.9. | |
Spectral density matrix for ? = LINEAR(?) -- 5.10. Factorization of the spectral density matrix -- 5.11. Representation of the random configurations -- 5.12. Spectral density matrix for ? = LATTICE(?) -- 5.13. Factorization of the | |
spectral density matrix in two dimensions -- 5.14. Representations of the random configurations in the two dimensional case -- 5.15. Laws of large numbers in pattern theory -- 5.16. Random dynamics for configurations -- 6. Patterns of | |
Scientific Hypotheses -- 6.1. Hypotheses as regular structures -- 6.2. Patterns of statistical hypotheses -- 6.3. Generators for statistical hypotheses -- 6.4. Examples of configurations -- 6.5. Hypotheses as images -- 6.6. Image | |
algebras of hypotheses -- 6.7. Conclusions -- 7. Synthesis of Social Patterns of Domination -- 7.1. Patterns in mathematical sociology -- 7.2. Domination regularity -- 7.3. Configuration dynamics -- 7.4. System in equilibrium -- 7.5. | |
Large configurations — simulation results -- 7.6. Large configurations — analytical result -- 7.7. Further problems and extensions -- 7.8. Appendix -- 8. Taxonomic Patterns -- 8.1. A logic for taxonomic patterns -- 8.2. Logic of | |
taxonomic affinity patterns -- 8.3. Synthesis of taxonomic affinity patterns -- 8.4. Analysis of affinity patterns -- 9. Patterns in Mathematical Semantics -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Introducing mathematical semantics -- 9.3. | |
Formalization through regular structures -- 9.4. Two special image algebras -- 9.5. The choice of language type for the study -- 9.6. Semantic maps -- 9.7. Special semantic maps -- 9.8. Learning semantics -- 9.9. Abduction of semantic | |
maps -- Outlook -- Notes | |
ISBN: | 9781461259053 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Applied Mathematical Sciences: 33 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Combinatorics , Mathematics , Combinatorics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1978-9783642964695:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology |
Author(s): |
Hermann Haken |
Date: | 1978 |
Edition: | Second Enlarged Edition |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-96469-5 |
Contents: | 1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3 |
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables -- | |
2.10*Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s | |
Formula -- 2.15*Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2* Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5* An | |
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3* Joint Probability and Paths. Markov | |
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4* How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation | |
for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7* The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8* Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9* Theorems about Solutions of the Master | |
Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11*Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2* Critical Points | |
and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3* Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5* Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of | |
Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2* Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5 | |
Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6* Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order | |
Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck | |
Equation -- 7.5* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7* Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations | |
for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8* Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9* Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10*Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.1 l*Hard-Mode | |
Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 | |
The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 | |
Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The | |
Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 | |
Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator | |
-- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7* Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator | |
Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary | |
Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What | |
is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Further Examples of Chaotic | |
Motion -- 13. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading and Comments | |
ISBN: | 9783642964695 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Series in Synergetics: 1 |
Keywords: | Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1978-9781461346227:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Manpower Planning and Organization Design |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1978 |
Size: | 1 online resource (789 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4613-4622-7 |
Contents: | Introductory Statement -- Section 1: Organization Design and Career Management -- Models for Organization Design and Staffing -- Manpower Planning for the Managerial Workforce: A Quantitative and Qualitative Approach -- The Creation |
of a System of Personnel Management Forecasting: Technology or Sociology? -- A Methodological Review of the Treatment of Individual Goals in Some Recent German System Approaches Towards Manpower Planning -- An Optimal Retirement Policy | |
for Individuals -- Section 2: Conversational Computer-Assisted Manpower Management -- Conversational Manpower Planning Models in a Telecommunications Environment -- MANPLAN: A Flexible Computer Package for Practical Manpower Planning | |
-- Bargaining Assignment and Officer Rotation Models in the U.S. Navy -- Developing a Research-Based System for Manpower Management and Career Progression in the U. S. Army Officer Corps -- A Computer Assisted Manpower Planning Model | |
-- Section 3: Organization Design in Workforce Planning -- An Action Research Approach to Organisation Design -- Organization Design in the Smaller Enterprise -- The Place of Value Orientation of Members in Organizational Design -- | |
Manpower Planning on the Halifax Waterfront: A Case Study with Implications for Industrial Relations -- Matrix Organization in an Industrializing Society: Case Studies from Brazil -- Importance of Individual Differences in Intervention | |
and Design for Improving Quality of Working Life -- Section 4: Descriptive Models of Organizations -- The Integration of Human Resources Planning into the Budgetary Cycle of the Canadian Federal Public Service -- Possibilities for | |
Career Management in a Subordinate Organisation -- Organisational Dichotomies: The Dilemma of Management -- Planning for Manpower Needs and Organization Development -- Section 5: Mathematical Methods for Manpower Systems -- A Normative | |
Model for Manpower Planning Under Risk -- Interactive Design of a Manpower System -- Efficient Computation and Long Range Optimization Applications Using a Two-Characteristic Markov-Type Manpower Flow Model -- Two Linear Programming | |
Models of a Large German Federal Department -- Manpower Planning Under Stochastic Turnover Behavior -- Forecasting and Recruitment in Graded Manpower Systems -- Section 6: Planning for Equal Employment Opportunities -- Equal Employment | |
Opportunity Planning and Staffing Models -- Planning Manpower Utilization in a Bi-Cultural Environment -- On the Racial Composition of Workers Available to an Organization -- Section 7: Economic and Demographic Implications of Manpower | |
Planning -- Intertemporal Eco-Demographic Interactions and Their Manpower Planning Implications -- Personnel Transfer in the Public/Private Research and Development (R&D) Sector -- The Demand for Qualified Manpower: Some Implications | |
for Macroeconomic Planning -- Some Economic-Demographic Interactions Affecting Female Manpower Supply: The Greek Experience -- Institutional Considerations for Macro Manpower Planning in Less Developed Countries -- Manpower Planning | |
for Industrial Projects in Libya -- Engineering Education and Manpower Needs of Developing Countries -- Section 8: Practical Experiences with Manpower Planning Systems -- Organizational/Systems Opportunities in the Operational Use of a | |
Personnel Planning Model -- Manpower Planning as a Basis for Current Changes in Periods of Engagement in the Canadian Forces -- Local Government Manpower Planning: Theory in Practice -- Re-Evaluating Company Manpower Planning in the | |
Light of Some Practical Experiences -- An Integrated Assignment and Training Control System of the Army (IVAS) -- On the Application of Analytical Models in Personnel Planning in the Bundeswehr -- Selecting the Most Appropriate | |
Manpower Model -- Section 9: Issues in Selection, Performance and Occupational Choice -- The Identification of Management Potential: A Contingency Approach -- An Objective Approach to the Development of Job Classification Schemes -- | |
The Characteristics of Naval Personnel and Personnel Performance -- Implications of a Country Work Force’s Perceptions of Occupations on Work Force Mix and Macro Manpower Plans -- Contingency Analysis: With an Emphasis on Organization | |
Satisfaction -- Section 10: Quantitative Methods and Studies for Manpower Planning -- An Interactive Manpower Planning and Scheduling System for a Health Facility -- The Cost-Effectiveness of Various Fringe Benefits to U. S. Navy | |
Personnel -- VACATE: A Model for Personnel Inventory Planning Under Changing Management Policy -- An Initial Investigation into the Suitability of Absenteeism Rates as Measures of Performance -- An Evaluation of Navy Unrestricted Line | |
Officer Accession Programs -- An Industry Framework for Company Manpower Planning -- Appendix I: National Points of Contact -- Appendix II: List of Participants | |
ISBN: | 9781461346227 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | NATO Conference Series, II Systems Science : 7 |
Keywords: | Geography , Regional planning , Urban planning , Geography , Landscape/Regional and Urban Planning |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1977-9783642963636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self- Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology |
Author(s): |
Hermann Haken |
Date: | 1977 |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-642-96363-6 |
Contents: | 1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3 |
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilites -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables -- 2.10 | |
Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s Formula -- | |
2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An Approach to | |
Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov Processes. The | |
Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in | |
Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10 | |
The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in | |
a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thom’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance | |
and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5 Time-Dependent Solutions of | |
the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- | |
7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of | |
Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8 | |
Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 | |
Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with | |
Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierachy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard | |
and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution | |
-- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 | |
Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical | |
Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment ofthe Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 | |
Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis | |
-- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments | |
ISBN: | 9783642963636 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1977-9781461596417:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Encounter with Mathematics |
Author(s): |
Lars Gårding |
Date: | 1977 |
Size: | 1 online resource (270 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-9641-7 |
Contents: | 1 Models and Reality -- 1.1 Models -- 1.2 Models and reality -- 1.3 Mathematical models -- 2 Number Theory -- 2.1 The primes -- 2.2 The theorems of Fermat and Wilson -- 2.3 The Gaussian integers -- 2.4 Some problems and results -- 2.5 |
Documents -- 3 Algebra -- 3.1 The theory of equations -- 3.2 Rings, fields, modules, and ideals -- 3.3 Groups -- 3.4 Documents -- 4 Geometry and Linear Algebra -- 4.1 Euclidean geometry -- 4.2 Analytical geometry -- 4.3 Systems of | |
linear equations and matrices -- 4.4 Linear spaces -- 4.5 Linear spaces with a norm -- 4.6 Boundedness, continuity, and compactness -- 4.7 Hilbert spaces -- 4.8 Adjoints and the spectral theorem -- 4.9 Documents -- 5 Limits, | |
Continuity, and Topology -- 5.1 Irrational numbers, Dedekind’s cuts, and Cantor’s fundamental sequences -- 5.2 Limits of functions, continuity, open and closed sets -- 5.3 Topology -- 5.4 Documents -- 6 The Heroic Century -- 7 | |
Differentiation -- 7.1 Derivatives and planetary motion -- 7.2 Strict analysis -- 7.3 Differential equations -- 7.4 Differential calculus of functions of several variables -- 7.5 Partial differential equations -- 7.6 Differential forms | |
-- 7.7 Differential calculus on a manifold -- 7.8 Document -- 8 Integration -- 8.1 Areas, volumes, and the Riemann integral -- 8.2 Some theorems of analysis -- 8.3 Integration in Rn and measures -- 8.4 Integration on manifolds -- 8.5 | |
Documents -- 9 Series -- 9.1 Convergence and divergence -- 9.2 Power series and analytic functions -- 9.3 Approximation -- 9.4 Documents -- 10 Probability -- 10.1 Probability spaces -- 10.2 Stochastic variables -- 10.3 Expectation and | |
variance -- 10.4 Sums of stochastic variables, the law of large numbers, and the central limit theorem -- 10.5 Probability and statistics, sampling -- 10.6 Probability in physics -- 10.7 Document -- 11 Applications -- 11.1 Numerical | |
computation -- 11.2 Construction of models -- 12 The Sociology, Psychology, and Teaching of Mathematics -- 12.1 Three biographies -- 12.2 The psychology of mathematics -- 12.3 The teaching of mathematics | |
ISBN: | 9781461596417 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Functional analysis , Measure theory , Operator theory , Mathematics , Operator Theory , Functional Analysis , Measure and Integration |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1975-9789401748711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Imaginative Participation The Career of an Organizing Concept in a Multidisciplinary Context |
Author(s): |
Bedrich Baumann |
Date: | 1975 |
Size: | 1 online resource (198 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-94-017-4871-1 |
Contents: | one -- 1) Multidisciplinary Context of Sociology and Social Psychology -- 2) Problems of Theory and Method: Sensitizing Concepts, Personal Documents -- two -- 3) Verstehen and Related Constructs -- 4) Role-Taking and Related Concepts |
-- 5) Processes Involved in, and Related to, Role-Taking -- 6) Imagination -- three -- 7) Imaginative Participation in History -- 8) Imaginative Participation in Literature and Drama -- 9) Imaginative Participation in Psychiatry -- | |
Conclusion | |
ISBN: | 9789401748711 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Science , Ethics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Science, general , Ethics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-1973-9781461564485:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Annals of Systems Research Publikatie van de Systeemgroep Nederland Publication of the Netherlands Society for Systems Research |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 1973 |
Size: | 1 online resource (148 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-1-4615-6448-5 |
Contents: | A social planning model for a less developed economy -- Network graphs and bond graphs in engineering modeling -- Analytical methods in information systems -- Political science and general systems theory: sketch of a confrontation -- |
Systems theory and the sociology of organizations: general theoretical issues illustrated with the example of studies in leadership -- Psychiatry and criminal law as conflicting systems: the challenge of a stalemate -- A general | |
systems model concept -- The application of systems theory in biology, an introduction | |
ISBN: | 9781461564485 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Annals of Systems Research : 2 |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Business , Management science , System theory , Mathematics , Systems Theory, Control , Business and Management, general |
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Call number: | Q175.L363::1984 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Science and values : the aims of science and their role in scientific debate |
Author(s): |
Larry Laudan |
Date: | 1984 |
Publisher: | University of California Press |
Size: | 149 |
Contents: | Two Puzzles about Science: Reflections on Some Crises in Philosophy and Sociology of Science -- The Consensual View and the Puzzle of Agreement -- The New Wave Preoccupation with Dissensus -- The Hierarchical Structure of Scientific Debates -- Factual Consensus Formation -- Methodological Consensus Formation -- Closing the Evaluative Circle: Resolving Disagreements about Cognitive Values -- The Covariance Fallacy -- The Reticulated Model and the Mechanics of Goal Evaluation -- The Re ticulated Model of Scientific Rationality -- Dissecting the Holist Picture of Scientific Change -- Kuhn on the Units of Scientific Change -- Kuhn's Critique of Methodology -- A Reticulational Critique of Realist Axiology and Methodology |
ISBN: | 0520052676 |
Series: | Pittsburgh series in philosophy and history of science : v. 11 |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy. |
Availability: | Click
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Location: | MAIN |
Call number: | Q171.A527::2011 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | More and different Notes from a thoughtful curmudgeon |
Author(s): |
Philip W. Anderson |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific |
Size: | 412 p |
Contents: | Personal reminiscences -- History -- Philosophy and sociology -- Science tactics and strategy -- Genius -- Science wars -- Politics and science -- Futurology -- Complexity -- Popularization attempts |
ISBN: | 9789814350129 |
Keywords: | Science. |
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Call number: | QC787.C59.H37::2011 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Particle physics experiments at high energy colliders |
Author(s): |
John Hauptman |
Date: | 2011 |
Publisher: | Chichester : John Wiley |
Size: | 210 p. |
Contents: | Introduction -- Particles of the standard model -- Particle detectors -- Particle identification -- Particle accelerators and colliders -- General principles of big detectors -- 4th concept detector -- The sociology of collaborations -- Appendix A: Detectors and instrumentation in 1960 -- Appendix B: Detector design strategies |
ISBN: | 9783527408252 |
Keywords: | Colliders (Nuclear physics) , Particles (Nuclear physics) |
Availability: | Click
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Call number: | QA431.G59::1986 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to difference equations : with illustrative examples from economics, psychology, and sociology |
Author(s): |
Samuel Goldberg 1925- |
Date: | 1986 |
Publisher: | Dover Publications, New York |
Size: | 260 |
ISBN: | 0486650847 |
Keywords: | Difference equations. |
Availability: | Click
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