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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD SOCIOLOGY,GENERAL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/8304.2 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword sociology,general ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642240034:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Social Self-Organization [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dirk Helbing
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642240034
Series:Understanding Complex Systems
Series:e-books
Keywords: Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Numerical and Computational Physics , Sociology, general , Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and , Game Theory, Economics, Social and Behav. Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387283142:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modeling Longitudinal Data [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert E Weiss
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Longitudinal data are ubiquitous across Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education, yet many longitudinal data sets remain improperly analyzed. This book teaches the artand statistical scie nce of modern longitudinal data analysis. The author emphasizes specifying, understanding, and interpreting longitudinal data models. He inspects the longitudinal data graphically, analyzes the time trend andcovariates, models the covariance matrix, and t hen draws conclusions. Covariance models covered include random effects, autoregressive, autoregressive moving average, antedependence, factor analytic, and completely unstructured modelsamong others. Longer expositions explore: an introduction to and cri tique of simple non-longitudinal analyses of longitudinal data, missing data concepts, diagnostics, and simultaneous modeling of two longitudinal variables.Applications and issues for random effects models cover estimation, shrinkage, clustered data, mode ls for binary and count data and residuals and residual plots. Shorter sections include a general discussion of how computationalalgorithms work, handling transformed data, and basic design issues. This book requires a solid regression course as backgroun d and is particularly intended for the final year of a Biostatistics or Statistics Masters degree curriculum.The mathematical prerequisite is generally low, mainly assuming familiarity with regression analysis in matrix form. Doctoral students in Biostati stics or Statistics, applied researchers and quantitative doctoral students indisciplines such as Medicine, Public Health, Public Policy, Psychology, Political Science, Biology, Sociology and Education will find this book invaluable. The book has many fig ures and tables illustrating longitudinal data andnumerous homework problems. The associated web site contains many longitudinal data sets, examples of computer code, and labs to re-enforce the material
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:to Longitudinal Data
Plots
Simple Analyses
Critiques of Simple Analyses
The Multivariate Normal Linear Model
Tools and Concepts
Specifying Covariates
Modeling the Covariance Matrix
Random Effects Models
Residuals and Case Diagnostics
Discrete Longitudinal Data
Missing Data
Analyzing Two Longitudinal Variables
Further Reading
ISBN:9780387283142
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Texts in Statistics, 1431-875X
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9783662101841:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics Introduction and Advanced Topics
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (764 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-10184-1
Contents:Part I: Goal -- Probability -- Information -- Chance -- Necessity -- Chance and Necessity -- Self-Organization -- Physical Systems -- Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- Applications in Biology -- Sociology and Economics -- Chaos --
Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- Part II: Linear Ordinary Differential Equations -- Linear Ordinary Differential Equations with Quasiperiodic Coefficients -- Stochastic Nonlinear Differential Equations -- The World of Coupled
Nonlinear Oscillators -- Nonlinear Coupling of Oscillators: The Case of Persistence of Quasiperiodic Motion -- Nonlinear Equations. The Slaving Principle -- Nonlinear Equations. Qualitative Macroscopic Changes -- Spatial Patterns --
The Inclusion of Noise -- Discrete Noisy Maps -- Example of an Unsolvable Problem in Dynamics -- Some Comments on the Relation Between Synergetics and Other Sciences
ISBN:9783662101841
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Biochemistry , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , System theory , Physics , Mathematics , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Systems Theory, Control , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9781402025716:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 5
Author(s):
Date:2004
Size:1 online resource (317 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4020-2571-6
Contents:• Astronomy in Antarctica -- • Optical Astronomy in Post-Apartheid South Africa: 1994 to 2004 -- • The Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC): Its Role in Leading the Development of Spanish Astrophysics -- • The Isaac Newton Group
of Telescopes from a Historic Perspective -- • Astronomy in Ireland -- • Switzerland towards ESA and ESO: Diversity, Perseverance, and Diplomacy -- • Observing in Service Mode: The Experience at the European Southern Observatory -- •
The International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) -- • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology in the Max Planck Society -- • Statistics on Women in the IAU Membership -- • The A&A Experience with Impact Factors -- •
The Public Impact of the Hubble Space Telescope: A Case Study -- • Astronomy for Blind and Visually-Impaired People -- • Popularization of Astronomy in the Netherlands -- • Ludek Pesek’s Role as Space Artist -- • Ruminations on the
Evolving Universe and a Creator God -- • Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy
ISBN:9781402025716
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 310
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Social Sciences, general , Sociology, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2004-9780306479649:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Experts in Science and Society
Author(s):
Date:2004
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource (314 p.)
Note:10.1007/b105826
Contents:Political Systems and the Experts They Support -- Scientists as Expert Advisors: Science Cultures Versus National Cultures? -- Experts’ Discourses as Judicial Drama or Bureaucratic Coordination: Family Debate in the United States and
Germany -- The Integration of Social Science Expertise Into the Political Process: Did It Actually Happen? -- Socialist Legal Experts: A New Profession? -- Who Is Called Upon as Expert? -- Folklore Protection in Australia: Who Is
Expert in Aboriginal Tradition? -- The Humane Expert: The Crisis of Modern Medicine During the Weimar Republic -- Expertise Not Wanted: The Case of the Criminal Law -- Air Pollution Control: Who Are the Experts? -- Experts, Redefined
-- The Philosopher as Coach -- Who Decides the Worth of an Arm and a Leg? Assessing the Monetary Value of Nonmonetary Damage -- The Expert in a Historical Context: The Case of Venetian Politics -- Innovative Representations -- Mapping
Urban Nature: Bio-Ecological Expertise and Urban Planning -- How to Improve the Diagnostic Inferences of Medical Experts -- Statistical Scientific Evidence and Expertise in the Courtroom -- The Authority of Representations
ISBN:9780306479649
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Science , Philosophy and science , Science , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Physics , Societal Aspects of Physics , Science, general , Sociology, general , Clinical Psychology , Philosophy of Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9789401000499:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 4
Author(s): André Heck
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (330 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0049-9
Contents:• Editorial -- • The ESA Experience -- • The Astronomer’s Pocket Guide to Astrobiology -- • Light Pollution Control:World-Wide Effects of and Efforts to Reduce Light Pollution -- • Strategies for Protecting Radio Astronomy -- • A
Brief History of the Controversy Surrounding the Mount Graham International Observatory -- • Outreach at Kitt Peak Visitor Center:Techniques for Engaging the Public at a Major Observatory -- • Practical Popular Communication of
Astronomy -- • The Société Astronomique de France in the Astronomical Landscape: Evolution and Prospects -- • Use and Misuse of Web Downloads — A Personal View -- • The GAVRT Partnership: Bringing the Universe to K-12 Classrooms -- •
Activities in Astronomy Education of the International Astronomical Union -- • The Institute for Scientific Information and the Science Citation Index -- • The Observatory Magazine: Linking Three Centuries -- • Organizing and Managing
American Astronomical Society Meetings — From Preparation and Plans to Science Presentations -- • Organization and Goals of the European Astronomical Society -- • The Selection of Tenured Astronomers in France -- • The Changing
Landscape of Italian Astronomy -- • A Canadian Vision of International Astronomy and Astrophysics -- • Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy
ISBN:9789401000499
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 296
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9789401006064:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume III
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (238 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0606-4
Contents:Editorial -- Close Encounters of the Third Kind with the Hubble Space Telescope -- Public Relations for a National Observatory -- Popularizing Astronomy: Four Decades as a Galley Slave -- The International Max Planck Research School
(IMPRS) for Astrophysics at Garching-Munich -- Quality Assurance in UK Higher Education -- NSF Evaluation Processes in the Astronomical Sciences -- Scientific Impact of Large Telescopes -- The Rôle of Ground Stations in Space
Observatories -- Some Thoughts about the Virtual Observatory Concept -- Organizational Issues in Large Scientific Projects -- The History of the Joint Organization for Solar Observations (JOSO) 1969–2000 -- Optical Astronomy and South
Africa. Part I. To 1994 -- Astronomy and Astrophysics in the Czech Republic -- Astronomy and Astrophysics in the Slovak Republic -- Historians and Astronomers: Same Pursuits? -- The View from the Observatory: History is Too Important
to be Left to the Historians -- Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy
ISBN:9789401006064
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 280
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9789401006668:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume II
Author(s):
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (280 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0666-8
Contents:Strategies for Bringing a 19th-Century Observatory up to the Standards of 21st-Century Astronomy -- IUCAA: A New Experiment for Indian Universities -- Background and Achievements of UN/ESA Workshops on Basic Space Science 1991–2001 --
Organising and Funding Research at a European Level -- OPTICON: EC Optical Infrared Coordination Network for Astronomy -- Coordinating Multiple Observatory Campaigns -- New Strategies in Ground-Based Observing -- Large Surveys in
Cosmology: The Changing Sociology -- The ESO Observing Programmes Committee -- Astronomical Software Strategies -- Scientometrics: The Research Field and its Journal -- Comments on Refereeing -- Communicating and Networking in
Astronomy Libraries -- Editing the Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics -- Editing a Multilingual Astronomy Magazine -- Working with the Media: The Royal Astronomical Society Experience -- Creativity in Arts and Sciences: A
Survey -- Updated Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy
ISBN:9789401006668
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 266
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9789401009263:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy
Author(s):
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (221 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-010-0926-3
Contents:• Introduction (Editor) -- • Astronomy-Related Organizations: Geographical Distributions, Ages and Sizes -- • The Astronomische Gesellschaft: Pieces from its History -- • What Can We Learn from Publications Studies? -- • Observation
of Scientific Publications in Astronomy/Astrophysics -- • NASA Program Solicitations, Proposal Evaluations, and Selection of Science Investigations -- • Planning and Implementation of ESA’s Space Science Programme -- • Communicating in
Astronomy -- • The Problem of English as a Foreign Language in Professional Astronomy -- • Astronomy and the General Public: A Historical Perspective -- • The Refereeing System in Astronomy -- • The Conferences on “The Inspiration of
Astronomical Phenomena”: Excursions into “Cross-Overs” between Science, the Arts and Literature -- • Bibliography of Socio-Astronomy
ISBN:9789401009263
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library: 256
Keywords: Physics , Observations, Astronomical , Astronomy , Social sciences , Sociology , Physics , Astronomy, Observations and Techniques , Sociology, general , Social Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9789401714044:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Elements of Survey Sampling
Author(s): Ravindra Singh
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (390 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-1404-4
Contents:1. Collection of Survey Data -- 2. Elementary Concepts -- 3. Simple Random Sampling -- 4. Sampling with Varying Probabilities -- 5. Stratified Sampling -- 6. Systematic Sampling -- 7. Ratio and Product Methods of Estimation -- 8.
Regression Method of Estimation -- 9. Two-Phase Sampling -- 10. Cluster Sampling -- 11. Multistage Sampling -- 12. Sampling from Mobile Populations -- 13. Nonresponse Errors -- Appendixes -- A. Standard normal probability distribution
-- B. Random numbers -- C. Number of tractors, tube wells, and net irrigated area (in hectares) for 69 villages of Doraha development block of Punjab, India -- D. Fifty WOR simple random samples -- E. Explanation of certain local terms
used -- References -- Author Index
ISBN:9789401714044
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Kluwer Texts in the Mathematical Sciences, A Graduate-Level Book Series: 15
Keywords: Statistics , Business , Management science , Political science , Economics , Sociology , Statistics , Statistics, general , Economics, general , Business and Management, general , Sociology, general , Political Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781475798265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Contemporary Issues in Behavior Therapy Improving the Human Condition
Author(s):
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (447 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-9826-5
Contents:1. Introduction -- I. Behavioral Medicine -- 2. Medical Nonadherence: A Behavior Analysis -- 3. Covert Conditioning in Behavioral Medicine: Strategies for Psycho-oncology -- 4. The Nature of Walking: A Foundation for the Experimental
Analysis of Orientation and Mobility -- 5. Treatment of Substance Abuse in Older Adults -- 6. Behavior Analysis and HIV Prevention: A Call to Action -- 7. Improving Eating Habits: A Stimulus-Control Approach to Lifestyle Change -- 8.
Memory Rehabilitation Techniques with Brain-Injured Individuals -- II. Education -- 9. Acting to Save Our Schools (1984–1994) -- 10. A University for the Twenty-First Century -- 11. The Primacy of the Initial Learning Experience: The
Incredible Gift of Learning -- III. Developmental Disabilities -- 12. Improving the Human Condition through Communication Training in Autism -- IV. Social Issues -- 13. The Social Relevance of Applied Behavior Analysis and
Psychological Intervention Strategies -- 14. From Aircrib to Walden Two: B. F. Skinner and Cultural Design -- 15. Perspectives on the Problem of Poverty -- V. Clinical Applications -- 16. Behavior Therapy-Generated Insight -- 17. Some
Applications of Behavioral Principles to Sport and Exercise Enhancement -- 18. Training the Client to Be Empathetic -- VI. Developmental Considerations -- 19. The Making of a Stable Family -- 20. Putting the Gold Back in the Golden
Years -- VII. Philosophical Issues -- 21. Wisdom as the Key to a Better World -- 22. Afterword -- About the Contributors
ISBN:9781475798265
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Psychology , Sociology , Clinical psychology , Psychology , Clinical Psychology , Sociology, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461223887:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Insights of Genius Imagery and Creativity in Science and Art
Author(s): Arthur I Miller
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (482 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-2388-7
Contents:1 Common Sense and Scientific Intuition -- At the Beginning -- The Mindset of Renaissance Scientists -- Galileo’s Imagination -- Conceptual Frameworks and Common Sense -- Galileo and Newton Become Common Sense -- The Waviness of Light
Waves -- Life on a Moving Platform -- A Problem with Relative Motion -- /Another Way to Think About Relative Motion -- Time and Light -- Concluding Comments -- 2 The Intuition of Atoms -- But Is Light Really a Wave? -- The Visual
Imagery of Intuition -- Atoms and Solar Systems -- Atomic Intuition and Visualization -- Visualization Lost, Intuition Redefined -- Intuitivity: The Central Issue -- Another Redefinition of Intuition -- Visualization Regained, in Part
-- Extending Intuition: Bohr’s Correspondence Principle -- Concluding Comments -- 3 Scientific Methods -- The Verdict of Experiment or Not? -- Data, Data Everywhere… -- Unwanted Precision -- Picking and Choosing Data -- Sociology
Influences Science -- The Principle of Relativity -- Conservation of Energy -- Heat Is Energy -- Unification of the Sciences -- 4 Faith in an Ordered Universe -- Certainty and/or Knowledge? -- The Sign of the Time -- Carnot’s Imaginary
Engine -- The Birth of Uncertainty -- A Mal du Siècle Over the Fin de Siècle -- Causality in Quantum Physics -- The Image of Light -- Quantum Effects and the Corsican Brothers -- 5 Speaking Realistically About Science -- Let’s Have a
Reality Sandwich -- Atoms in Antiquity -- Doubts About Atomic Reality -- Positive Thinking -- A Mach Attack -- Planck Converts to Atomism -- Atomic Vindication -- On Mach’s Philosophical Heirs -- Boredom Relieved, Momentarily --
Scientific Realism -- Scientific Antirealism -- The Social Side of Science -- Antirealism and Scientific Practice -- The Chic of Antirealism: Postmodernism/ -- The Two Cultures -- Some Very Modern Postmodernists -- Back to Reality -- 6
The Reasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in Physics -- Mathematics and Physics -- Pythagoras’s Preestablished Harmony -- Newton, Einstein, and Minkowski’s Dream -- Kant, Geometry, and the Cognitive Status of Science -- The “Right”
Sort of Statement -- Non-Euclidean Geometries and Euclidean Prisons -- Poincaré, The Origins of Geometry, and the Boundaries of Thought -- Testing Geometry -- Twentieth-Century Atomism, The Platonic Turn -- Can Physics Generate
Mathematics? Minkowski in Reverse -- 7 Scientific Progress and Metaphors -- The Pervasiveness of Metaphors -- The Interaction View of Metaphor -- Metaphors and Models of Scientific Thought -- Metaphor and the Emergence of Scientific
Knowledge -- Meaning and Antirealism -- Language and Realism -- Relativism in Language and Science -- Metaphors, Language, and Realism -- At a Loss for Words -- Metaphors and Analogies in Particle Physics -- Do Scientists Actually Use
Metaphors? -- A Platonic Interlude -- Another Nobel Prize Metaphor -- Metaphors and Scientific Progress -- Why Did Physics Develop As It Did? -- How Science Advances -- 8 Visual Imagery in Scientific Thought -- Some Background to
Mental Imagery -- Visual Imagery and Computational Psychology: A Study in Architecture -- The Imagery Debate -- A Model of Mental Processing and Its Critics -- Vision -- Gestalt Psychology and Vision -- The Present Status of the
Imagery Debate -- The Misuse of Language in Visual Imagery -- Thought Experiments -- Visual Imagery, Cognitive Science, and the History of Scientific Thought -- he History of Science and the Imagery Debate -- 9 Scientific Creativity --
Creativity and Digital Thought -- Creativity and Analog Thought -- A Model for Network Thinking -- Why Poincaré and Einstein? -- Poincar0 and Edouard Toulouse -- Portrait of the Mathematician -- The Scientific Creativity of Henri
Poincaré -- Poincaré and Creativity Research Circa 1900/Intuition and Logic -- Poincaré on Intuition, Aesthetics, and Mental Imagery -- Poincare Introspects -- Four-Dimensional Aesthetics -- Poincare and Relativity -- Einstein and Max
Wertheimer -- A Portrait of the Physicist as a Young Man -- Einstein in Love -- The Creativity of Albert Einstein -- Einstein Introspects on Intuition and Aesthetics -- Aesthetics -- Poincaré’s and Einstein’s Creative Thinking -- 10
Art, Science, and the History of Ideas -- Aesthetics in Art and Science -- One Person’s Aesthetics and Intuition May Not Be Another’s -- Science as Aesthetics -- Cubism and Quantum Mechanics -- Physicists Re-Represent -- Feynman
Diagrams, Representation, and Gestalt Psychology -- The Deeper Structure of Data -- Art in the Twentieth Century -- Picasso, Geometry, and Cubism: Relations Between Developments in Cubism and Science -- Picasso, Braque, and Space --
Cubism and Relativity -- Figurative to Nonfigurative, Objects Disappear -- Art Theory and Science Theory -- Creativity in Art and Science -- Searching for Reality -- Conclusion: The New Sciences
ISBN:9781461223887
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1987-9781475719390:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Arctic and Alpine Mycology II
Author(s):
Date:1987
Size:1 online resource (364 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4757-1939-0
Contents:Biogeography -- On the Origin and Ecology of Alpine Plant Parasitic Fungi -- Larger Arctic-Alpine Fungi in Scotland -- Ecology/Physiology -- Ecophysiological Studies on Alpine Macromycetes: Saprophytic Clitocybe and Mycorrhizal
Hebeloma associated with Dryas octopetala -- Sociology and Ecology of Larger Fungi in the Subarctic and Oroarctic Zones in Northwest Finnish Lapland -- Endophytic Fungi of Alpine Ericaceae. The Endophytes of Loiseleuria procumbens --
Taxonomy: Ascomycetes -- Three 4-spored Saccobolus species from North East Greenland -- Ascomycetes Growing on Polytrichum sexangulare -- Nordic Juncicolous Mycosphaerellae -- New Svalbard Fungi -- Phaeosphaeria in the Arctic and
Alpine Zones -- Sarcoleotia globosa (Sommerf: Fr.) Korf, Taxonomy Ecology and Distribution -- Taxonomy: Basidiomycetes -- The Genus Galerina on Svalbard -- Astrosporina in the Alpine Zone of the Swiss National Park (SNP) and Adjacent
Regions -- Agaricaceae, Amanitaceae, Boletaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Paxillaceae and Pluteaceae in Greenland -- Agaricales de la Zone Alpine Genus Cortinarius Fr., Subgenus Telamonia (Fr.) Loud Part III -- Arctic Gasteromycetes. The Genus
Bovista in Greenland and Svalbard -- Hygrophoraceae from Arctic and Alpine Tundra in Alaska -- Higher Fungi in Tundra and Subalpine Tundra from the Yukon Territory and Alaska -- Fungi (Agaricales, Russulales) from the Alpine Zone of
Yellowstone National Park and the Beartooth Mountains with Special Emphasis on Cortinarius -- Lichenized Agarics: Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Riddles -- Contributors -- Participants Photograph
ISBN:9781475719390
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Environmental Science Research : 34
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Physics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1984-9783642695407:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics — From Microscopic to Macroscopic Order Proceedings of the International Symposium on Synergetics at Berlin, July 4–8, 1983
Author(s):
Date:1984
Size:1 online resource (262 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-69540-7
Contents:Some Introductory Remarks on Synergetics -- I Order, Chaos, Indeterminancies -- Time Pattern Transitions in Biochemical Processes -- Chaotic Behaviours Observed in Homogeneous Chemical Systems -- Wave-Number Selection in Rotating
Couette-Taylor Flow -- Periodic and Chaotic Patterns in Selected Quantum Optical Systems -- Chaos in Lasers -- The Falling Pencil and Superfluorescence: Macroscopic Indeterminacies After the Decay of Unstable Equilibria -- II Ordered
Structures and Processes in Biomembranes -- On the Formation of Transient Order in Biological Membranes -- Generalized Moment Description of Brownian Dynamics in Biological Systems -- Nonequilibrium Current Noise Generated by Ordered
Ion Transport Processes in Biological Membranes -- The Molecular Machine of Photosynthesis-Physico-Chemical Aspects -- III Evolution of Structures -- Polynucleotide Replication and Biological Evolution -- The Evolution Strategy. A
Mathematical Model of Darwinian Evolution -- Multigene Families and their Implications for Evolutionary Theory -- Evolution of Biothermodynamic Systems -- Self-Organising Dynamic Models of Human Systems -- IV Social Sciences -- Some
Applications of Basic Ideas and Models of Synergetics to Sociology -- A Synergetic Approach to Energy-Oriented Models of Socio-Economic- Technological Problems -- New Synergisms in Socio-Economic Systems: More Questions than Answers --
On the Entropy of Economic Systems -- V Complex Systems -- Death - From Microscopic to Macroscopic Disorder -- Local Synaptic Modification Can Lead to Organized Connectivity Patterns in Associative Memory -- The Organization of Action
in Time -- New Problems for an Old Brain - Synergetics, Cognition and Evolutionary Epistemology -- Index of Contributors
ISBN:9783642695407
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 22
Keywords: Physics , Chemometrics , Biochemistry , Computational intelligence , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general , Math. Applications in Chemistry , Computational Intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642883385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1983
Edition:Third Revised and Enlarged Edition
Size:1 online resource (390 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88338-5
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables --
2.10 Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s
Formula -- 2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- Sections with an asterisk in the heading may be omitted during a first reading. -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes
-- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method
of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes, Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible
Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification
of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some
Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck-Equation -- 6.6 Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8
Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic
Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the
Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8 Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended
Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture --
8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8
Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 The Introduction of New Variables -- 8.12 Damped and Neutral
Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.13 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.14 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.15 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near
Threshold -- 8.16 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and
Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6
Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology,
Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments
on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology and Economics -- 11.1 A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 11.2 Phase Transitions in Economics -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation
and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Discrete Maps, Period Doubling, Chaos, Intermittency -- 13. Some Historical
Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments
ISBN:9783642883385
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Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 1
Keywords: Mathematics , Biochemistry , Dynamics , Ergodic theory , System theory , Physics , Mathematics , Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory , Systems Theory, Control , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Biochemistry, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642817892:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Concepts and Models of a Quantitative Sociology The Dynamics of Interacting Populations
Author(s): Wolfgang Weidlich
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (220 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-81789-2
Contents:1. Introduction and Outline -- 1.1 Synergetic Concepts in the Natural Sciences -- 1.2 Synergetic Concepts in Sociology -- 1.3 Significance and Limitations of Quantitative Sociology -- 2. Opinion Formation — an Elementary Example of
Semi-Quantitative Sociology -- 2.1 The Model -- 2.2 The Equations of Motion -- 2.3 Solutions of the Equations of Motion -- 2.4 Choice of Transition Probabilities and the Explicit Form of the Model -- 2.5 The Sociological Interpretation
of the Model -- 3. Fundamental Concepts of Quantitative Sociology -- 3.1 Attitude Space, Socio-Configuration and Situation Space -- 3.2 Equations of Motion for the Socio-Configuration -- 3.3 The Dynamics of Trend Parameters and of the
Situation Vector -- 3.4 Mean Value Equations for Grossvariables of the Socio-Configuration -- 4. Migration and/or Birth-Death Processes in Populations -- 4.1 The General Model -- 4.2 Migration of Two Interacting Populations Between Two
Parts of a City -- 4.3 Birth-Death Processes Within a Single Population -- 4.4 Migration and Predator-Prey Interaction Between Two Species -- 5. Non-Equilibrium Theory of Investment: “The Schumpeter Clock” -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2
Macro- and Micro-Economic Variables of the Model and Their Interdependence -- 5.3 Design of the Investors’ Interaction Model -- 5.4 Structural Analysis of the System of Equations -- 5.5 Numerical Analysis Based on the Model -- 6. The
Interaction of Competitive Macrosocieties -- 6.1 Reconsideration of the Problem of Model Construction -- 6.2 The “Minimal Model” -- 6.3 Solutions of the Model Equations -- 6.4 Political Implications -- References
ISBN:9783642817892
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Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 14
Keywords: Physics , Business , Management science , Ecology , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Business and Management, general , Ecology
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Call number:SPRINGER-1983-9783642455537:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Synergetics Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1983
Size:1 online resource (105 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-45553-7
Contents:1. Introduction -- 1.1 What is Synergetics About? -- 1.2 Physics -- 1.2.1 Fluids: Formation of Dynamic Patterns -- 1.2.2 Lasers: Coherent Oscillations -- 1.2.3 Plasmas: A Wealth of Instabilities -- 1.2.4 Solid-State Physics:
Multistability, Pulses, Chaos -- 1.3 Engineering -- 1.3.1 Civil, Mechanical, and Aero-Space Engineering: Post-Buckling Patterns, Flutter, etc -- 1.3.2 Electrical Engineering and Electronics: Nonlinear Oscillations -- 1.4 Chemistry:
Macroscopic Patterns -- 1.5 Biology -- 1.5.1 Some General Remarks -- 1.5.2 Morphogenesis -- 1.5.3 Population Dynamics -- 1.5.4 Evolution -- 1.5.5 Immune System -- 1.6 Computer Sciences -- 1.6.1 Self-Organization of Computers, in
Particular Parallel Computing -- 1.6.2 Pattern Recognition by Machines -- 1.6.3 Reliable Systems from Unreliable Elements -- 1.7 Economy -- 1.8 Ecology -- 1.9 Sociology -- 1.10 What are the Common Features of the Above Examples? --
1.11 The Kind of Equations We Want to Study -- 1.11.1 Differential Equations -- 1.11.2 First-Order Differential Equations -- 1.11.3 Nonlinearity -- 1.11.4 Control Parameters -- 1.11.5 Stochasticity -- 1.11.6 Many Components and the
Mezoscopic Approach -- 1.12 How to Visualize the Solutions -- 1.13 Qualitative Changes: General Approach -- 1.14 Qualitative Changes: Typical Phenomena -- 1.14.1 Bifurcation from One Node (or Focus) into Two Nodes (or Foci) -- 1.14.2
Bifurcation from a Focus into a Limit Cycle (Hopf Bifurcation) -- 1.14.3 Bifurcations from a Limit Cycle -- 1.14.4 Bifurcations from a Torus to Other Tori -- 1.14.5 Chaotic Attractors -- 1.14.6 Lyapunov Exponents * -- 1.15 The Impact
of Fluctuations (Noise). Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 1.16 Evolution of Spatial Patterns -- 1.17 Discrete Maps. The Poincaré Map -- 1.18 Discrete Noisy Maps -- 1.19 Pathways to Self-Organization -- 1.19.1 Self-Organization
Through Change of Control Parameters -- 1.19.2 Self-Organization Through Change of Number of Components -- 1.19.3 Self-Organization Through Transients -- 1.20 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Linear Ordinary Differential Equations -- 2.1
Examples of Linear Differential Equations: The Case of a Single Variable -- 2.1.1 Linear Differential Equation with Constant Coefficient -- 2.1.2 Linear Differential Equation with Periodic Coefficient -- 2.1.3 Linear Differential
Equation with Quasiperiodic Coefficient -- 2.1.4 Linear Differential Equation with Real Bounded Coefficient -- 2.2 Groups and Invariance -- 2.3 Driven Systems -- 2.4 General Theorems on Algebraic and Differential Equations -- 2.4.1 The
Form of the Equations -- 2.4.2 Jordan’s Normal Form -- 2.4.3 Some General Theorems on Linear Differential Equations -- 2.4.4 Generalized Characteristic Exponents and Lyapunov Exponents -- 2.5 Forward and Backward Equations: Dual
Solution Spaces -- 2.6 Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients -- 2.7 Linear Differential Equations with Periodic Coefficients -- 2.8 Group Theoretical Interpretation -- 2.9 Perturbation Approach* -- 3. Linear Ordinary
Differential Equations with Quasiperiodic Coefficients* -- 3.1 Formulation of the Problem and of Theorem 3 -- 3.2 Auxiliary Theorems (Lemmas) -- 3.3 Proof of Assertion (a) of Theorem 3.1.1: Construction of a Triangular Matrix: Example
of a 2 × 2 Matrix -- 3.4 Proof that the Elements of the Triangular Matrix C are Quasiperiodic in ? (and Periodic in ?j and Ck with Respect to ?: Exampleof a 2 × 2 Matrix -- 3.5 Construction of the Triangular Matrix C and Proof that Its
Elements are Quasiperiodic in ? (and Periodic in ?j and Ck with Respect to ?): The Case of an m × m Matrix, all A’s Different -- 3.6 Approximation Methods. Smoothing -- 3.6.1 A Variational Method -- 3.6.2 Smoothing -- 3.7 The
Triangular Matrix C and Its Reduction -- 3.8 The General Case: Some of the Generalized Characteristic Exponents Coincide -- 3.9 Explicit Solution of (3.1.1) by an Iteration Procedure -- 4. Stochastic Nonlinear Differential Equations --
4.1 An Example -- 4.2 The Îto Differential Equation and the Îto-Fokker-Planck Equation -- 4.3 The Stratonovich Calculus -- 4.4 Langevin Equations and Fokker-Planck Equation -- 5. The World of Coupled Nonlinear Oscillators -- 5.1 Linear
Oscillators Coupled Together -- 5.1.1 Linear Oscillators with Linear Coupling -- 5.1.2 Linear Oscillators with Nonlinear Coupling. An Example. Frequency Shifts -- 5.2 Perturbations of Quasiperiodic Motion for Time-Independent
Amplitudes (Quasiperiodic Motion Shall Persist) -- 5.3 Some Considerations on the Convergence of the Procedure* -- 6. Nonlinear Coupling of Oscillators: The Case of Persistence of Quasiperiodic Motion -- 6.1 The Problem -- 6.2 Moser’s
Theorem (Theorem 6.2.1) -- 6.3 The Iteration Procedure* -- 7. Nonlinear Equations. The Slaving Principle -- 7.1 An Example -- 7.1.1 The Adiabatic Approximation -- 7.1.2 Exact Elimination Procedure -- 7.2 The General Form of the Slaving
Principle. Basic Equations -- 7.3 Formal Relations -- 7.4 The Iteration Procedure -- 7.5 An Estimate of the Rest Term. The Question of Differentiability -- 7.6 Slaving Principle for Discrete Noisy Maps* -- 7.7 Formal Relations* -- 7.8
The Iteration Procedure for the Discrete Case* -- 7.9 Slaving Principle for Stochastic Differential Equations* -- 8. Nonlinear Equations. Qualitative Macroscopic Changes -- 8.1 Bifurcations from a Node or Focus. Basic Transformations
-- 8.2 A Simple Real Eigenvalue Becomes Positive -- 8.3 Multiple Real Eigenvalues Become Positive -- 8.4 A Simple Complex Eigenvalue Crosses the Imaginary Axis. Hopf Bifurcation -- 8.5 Hopf Bifurcation, Continued -- 8.6 Frequency
Locking Between Two Oscillators -- 8.7 Bifurcation from a Limit Cycle -- 8.8 Bifurcation from a Limit Cycle: Special Cases -- 8.8.1 Bifurcation into Two Limit Cycles -- 8.8.2 Period Doubling -- 8.8.3 Subharmonics -- 8.8.4 Bifurcation
to a Torus -- 8.9 Bifurcation from a Torus (Quasiperiodic Motion) -- 8.10 Bifurcation from a Torus: Special Cases -- 8.10.1 A Simple Real Eigenvalue Becomes Positive -- 8.10.2 A Complex Nondegenerate Eigenvalue Crosses the Imaginary
Axis -- 8.11 Instability Hierarchies, Scenarios, and Routes to Turbulence -- 8.11.1 The Landau-Hopf Picture -- 8.11.2 The Ruelle and Takens Picture -- 8.11.3 Bifurcations of Tori. Quasiperiodic Motions -- 8.11.4 The Period-Doubling
Route to Chaos. Feigenbaum Sequence -- 8.11.5 The Route via Intermittency -- 9. Spatial Patterns -- 9.1 The Basic Differential Equations -- 9.2 The General Method of Solution -- 9.3 Bifurcation Analysis for Finite Geometries -- 9.4
Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 9.5 A Simplification of Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations. Pattern Formation in Bénard Convection -- 10. The Inclusion of Noise -- 10.1 The General Approach -- 10.2 A Simple Example -- 10.3
Computer Solution of a Fokker-Planck Equation for a Complex Order Parameter -- 10.4 Some Useful General Theorems on the Solutions of Fokker-Planck Equations -- 10.4.1 Time-Dependent and Time-Independent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck
Equation, if the Drift Coefficients are Linear in the Coordinates and the Diffusion Coefficients Constant -- 10.4.2 Exact Stationary Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 10.4.3 AnExample -- 10.4.4
Useful Special Cases -- 10.5 Nonlinear Stochastic Systems Close to Critical Points: A Summary -- 11. Discrete Noisy Maps -- 11.1 Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation -- 11.2 The Effect of Boundaries. One-Dimensional Example -- 11.3 Joint
Probability and Transition Probability. Forward and Backward Equation 305 -- 11.4 Connection with Fredholm Integral Equation 306 -- 11.5 Path Integral Solution 307 -- 11.6 The Mean First Passage Time 308 -- 11.7 Linear Dynamics and
Gaussian Noise. Exact Time-Dependent Solution of the Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation 310 -- 12. Example of an Unsolvable Problem in Dynamics -- 13. Some Comments on the Relation Between Synergetics and Other Sciences -- Appendix A: Moser’s
Proof of His Theorem -- A.1 Convergence of the Fourier Series -- A.2 The Most General Solution to the Problem of Theorem -- A.3 Convergent Construction -- A.4 Proof of Theorem -- References
ISBN:9783642455537
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Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 20
Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1981-9781461381457:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The File Case Study in Correction (1977–1979)
Author(s): Serge Lang
Date:1981
Size:1 online resource (712 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8145-7
Contents:Introductory Letter to the Reader -- Why bother? (Your point of view). Why bother? (My point of view). Editorial responsibility -- The letters. Introductory and other comments. Objectivity -- The Story: Summary -- A Reply to Lang --
The Ladd—Lipset Surveys—A Brief Review. The Methodology of the 1977 Survey. Survey Research on Public Opinion and Social Values. Sampling. Nonresponse. Question Design and Questionnaire Development. Envoi. -- The File -- “The 1977
Survey of the American Professoriate” -- VERITAS AT HARVARD, by Sigmund Diamond from the New York Review of Books, 28 April 1977 -- The First Year -- One: The Opening Exchange -- Two: From Koblitz’s Letter to Lang’s Fifteen Pages of
Comments -- Three: From Lang’s Comments to the Science Article -- Four: From Science to New York Review of Books -- Five: The Garfinkel Letter (“McCarthyism”?) -- Six: The New York Review of Books Article -- The Second Year -- Seven:
Trying to Settle Loose Ends -- Eight: The Chronicle Causes a Rebound -- Nine: From Mac Lane’s Letter to the Editors (Notices, AMS) to Lang’s Letter to the Editor (Bulletin, AAUP) -- Ten: The Stakes Are Raised -- Eleven: The “Ratings”
Get Publicity -- Twelve: The AAUP—Chronicle Relation -- Thirteen: End of the Second Year -- Into a Third Year -- Fourteen: “McCarthyism”? (Again) -- Fifteen: “Intemperate and Libelous”? -- Sixteen: Ladd—Lipset, Survey Research,
Sociology. Can We Generalize? How? -- Seventeen: The Story Goes On -- Eighteen: Closing the File -- Appendices -- Appendix II. Documents on the Carnegie—ACE 1969 Survey -- Lang Letter to Clark Kerr on the 1969 Survey -- Appendix III.
“Representative Sampling, I: Non-scientific Literature,” by William Kruskal and Frederic Mosteller -- Appendix IV. Veritas at Harvard -- Some Themes and Issues -- S. Lang -- Correction. “The 1977 Survey of the American Professoriate”:
quality use of the questionnaire academic effect administrative effect and public effect. Survey research. Sociology. Social Sciences. VERITAS AT HARVARD. Scholarship: academic only? active? political? Journalistic power the cc list
letters to the editor. Financial power. Subservience to authority and power: intellectual authority statutory authority and power. The competence of the surveyors. The personal aspect of the file. The methodology of the file.
Collegiality. Responsibility: institutional journalistic scientific personal. Conclusion -- Publication of the File -- Comments and Letters -- “Selective Memory and Scholarly Controversy,” -- Seymour Martin Lipset
ISBN:9781461381457
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Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1978-9783642964695:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1978
Edition:Second Enlarged Edition
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96469-5
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilities -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables --
2.10*Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s
Formula -- 2.15*Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2* Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5* An
Approach to Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3* Joint Probability and Paths. Markov
Processes. The Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4* How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation
for Systems in Detailed Balance -- 4.7* The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8* Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9* Theorems about Solutions of the Master
Equation -- 4.10 The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11*Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2* Critical Points
and Trajectories in a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3* Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5* Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thorn’s Theory of
Catastrophes -- 6. Chance and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2* Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5
Time-Dependent Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6* Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order
Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization -- 7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck
Equation -- 7.5* Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7* Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations
for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8* Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9* Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10*Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.1 l*Hard-Mode
Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1 Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5
The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierarchy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9
Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The
Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution -- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1
Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2 Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator
-- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7* Stochastic Treatment of the Brusselator
Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8 Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary
Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis -- 10.5 Order Parameters and Morphogenesis -- 10.6 Some Comments on Models of Morphogenesis -- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Chaos -- 12.1 What
is Chaos? -- 12.2 The Lorenz Model. Motivation and Realization -- 12.3 How Chaos Occurs -- 12.4 Chaos and the Failure of the Slaving Principle -- 12.5 Correlation Function and Frequency Distribution -- 12.6 Further Examples of Chaotic
Motion -- 13. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading and Comments
ISBN:9783642964695
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Series:Springer Series in Synergetics: 1
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1977-9783642963636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Synergetics An Introduction Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self- Organization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Author(s): Hermann Haken
Date:1977
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-96363-6
Contents:1. Goal -- 1.1 Order and Disorder: Some Typical Phenomena -- 1.2 Some Typical Problems and Difficulties -- 1.3 How We Shall Proceed -- 2. Probability -- 2.1 Object of Our Investigations: The Sample Space -- 2.2 Random Variables -- 2.3
Probability -- 2.4 Distribution -- 2.5 Random Variables with Densities -- 2.6 Joint Probability -- 2.7 Mathematical Expectation E(X), and Moments -- 2.8 Conditional Probabilites -- 2.9 Independent and Dependent Random Variables -- 2.10
Generating Functions and Characteristic Functions -- 2.11 A Special Probability Distribution: Binomial Distribution -- 2.12 The Poisson Distribution -- 2.13 The Normal Distribution (Gaussian Distribution) -- 2.14 Stirling’s Formula --
2.15 Central Limit Theorem -- 3. Information -- 3.1 Some Basic Ideas -- 3.2 Information Gain: An Illustrative Derivation -- 3.3 Information Entropy and Constraints -- 3.4 An Example from Physics: Thermodynamics -- 3.5 An Approach to
Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 3.6 Entropy—Curse of Statistical Mechanics? -- 4. Chance -- 4.1 A Model of Brownian Movement -- 4.2 The Random Walk Model and Its Master Equation -- 4.3 Joint Probability and Paths. Markov Processes. The
Chapman-Kolmogorov Equation. Path Integrals -- 4.4 How to Use Joint Probabilities. Moments. Characteristic Function. Gaussian Processes -- 4.5 The Master Equation -- 4.6 Exact Stationary Solution of the Master Equation for Systems in
Detailed Balance -- 4.7 The Master Equation with Detailed Balance. Symmetrization, Eigenvalues and Eigenstates -- 4.8 Kirchhoff’s Method of Solution of the Master Equation -- 4.9 Theorems about Solutions of the Master Equation -- 4.10
The Meaning of Random Processes. Stationary State, Fluctuations, Recurrence Time -- 4.11 Master Equation and Limitations of Irreversible Thermodynamics -- 5. Necessity -- 5.1 Dynamic Processes -- 5.2 Critical Points and Trajectories in
a Phase Plane. Once Again Limit Cycles -- 5.3 Stability -- 5.4 Examples and Exercises on Bifurcation and Stability -- 5.5 Classification of Static Instabilities, or an Elementary Approach to Thom’s Theory of Catastrophes -- 6. Chance
and Necessity -- 6.1 Langevin Equations: An Example -- 6.2 Reservoirs and Random Forces -- 6.3 The Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.4 Some Properties and Stationary Solutions of the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.5 Time-Dependent Solutions of
the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 6.6 Solution of the Fokker-Planck Equation by Path Integrals -- 6.7 Phase Transition Analogy -- 6.8 Phase Transition Analogy in Continuous Media: Space-Dependent Order Parameter -- 7. Self-Organization --
7.1 Organization -- 7.2 Self-Organization -- 7.3 The Role of Fluctuations: Reliability or Adaptibility? Switching -- 7.4 Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Relaxing Variables from the Fokker-Planck Equation -- 7.5 Adiabatic Elimination of
Fast Relaxing Variables from the Master Equation -- 7.6 Self-Organization in Continuously Extended Media. An Outline of the Mathematical Approach -- 7.7 Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations for Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions -- 7.8
Higher-Order Contributions to Generalized Ginzburg-Landau Equations -- 7.9 Scaling Theory of Continuously Extended Nonequilibrium Systems -- 7.10 Soft-Mode Instability -- 7.11 Hard-Mode Instability -- 8. Physical Systems -- 8.1
Cooperative Effects in the Laser: Self-Organization and Phase Transition -- 8.2 The Laser Equations in the Mode Picture -- 8.3 The Order Parameter Concept -- 8.4 The Single-Mode Laser -- 8.5 The Multimode Laser -- 8.6 Laser with
Continuously Many Modes. Analogy with Superconductivity -- 8.7 First-Order Phase Transitions of the Single-Mode Laser -- 8.8 Hierachy of Laser Instabilities and Ultrashort Laser Pulses -- 8.9 Instabilities in Fluid Dynamics: The Bénard
and Taylor Problems -- 8.10 The Basic Equations -- 8.11 Damped and Neutral Solutions (R ? Rc) -- 8.12 Solution Near R = Rc (Nonlinear Domain). Effective Langevin Equations -- 8.13 The Fokker-Planck Equation and Its Stationary Solution
-- 8.14 A Model for the Statistical Dynamics of the Gunn Instability Near Threshold -- 8.15 Elastic Stability: Outline of Some Basic Ideas -- 9. Chemical and Biochemical Systems -- 9.1 Chemical and Biochemical Reactions -- 9.2
Deterministic Processes, Without Diffusion, One Variable -- 9.3 Reaction and Diffusion Equations -- 9.4 Reaction-Diffusion Model with Two or Three Variables: The Brusselator and the Oregonator -- 9.5 Stochastic Model for a Chemical
Reaction Without Diffusion. Birth and Death Processes. One Variable -- 9.6 Stochastic Model for a Chemical Reaction with Diffusion. One Variable -- 9.7 Stochastic Treatment ofthe Brusselator Close to Its Soft-Mode Instability -- 9.8
Chemical Networks -- 10. Applications to Biology -- 10.1 Ecology, Population-Dynamics -- 10.2 Stochastic Models for a Predator-Prey System -- 10.3 A Simple Mathematical Model for Evolutionary Processes -- 10.4 A Model for Morphogenesis
-- 11. Sociology: A Stochastic Model for the Formation of Public Opinion -- 12. Some Historical Remarks and Outlook -- References, Further Reading, and Comments
ISBN:9783642963636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Chemistry , Life sciences , Physics , Physics, general , Chemistry/Food Science, general , Biomedicine general , Life Sciences, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9789401748711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Imaginative Participation The Career of an Organizing Concept in a Multidisciplinary Context
Author(s): Bedrich Baumann
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (198 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-94-017-4871-1
Contents:one -- 1) Multidisciplinary Context of Sociology and Social Psychology -- 2) Problems of Theory and Method: Sensitizing Concepts, Personal Documents -- two -- 3) Verstehen and Related Constructs -- 4) Role-Taking and Related Concepts
-- 5) Processes Involved in, and Related to, Role-Taking -- 6) Imagination -- three -- 7) Imaginative Participation in History -- 8) Imaginative Participation in Literature and Drama -- 9) Imaginative Participation in Psychiatry --
Conclusion
ISBN:9789401748711
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Science , Ethics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general , Science, general , Ethics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1973-9781461564485:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Annals of Systems Research Publikatie van de Systeemgroep Nederland Publication of the Netherlands Society for Systems Research
Author(s):
Date:1973
Size:1 online resource (148 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-6448-5
Contents:A social planning model for a less developed economy -- Network graphs and bond graphs in engineering modeling -- Analytical methods in information systems -- Political science and general systems theory: sketch of a confrontation --
Systems theory and the sociology of organizations: general theoretical issues illustrated with the example of studies in leadership -- Psychiatry and criminal law as conflicting systems: the challenge of a stalemate -- A general
systems model concept -- The application of systems theory in biology, an introduction
ISBN:9781461564485
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Annals of Systems Research : 2
Keywords: Mathematics , Business , Management science , System theory , Mathematics , Systems Theory, Control , Business and Management, general
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Call number:QC787.C59.H37::2011 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle physics experiments at high energy colliders
Author(s): John Hauptman
Date:2011
Publisher:Chichester : John Wiley
Size:210 p.
Contents:Introduction -- Particles of the standard model -- Particle detectors -- Particle identification -- Particle accelerators and colliders -- General principles of big detectors -- 4th concept detector -- The sociology of collaborations -- Appendix A: Detectors and instrumentation in 1960 -- Appendix B: Detector design strategies
ISBN:9783527408252
Keywords: Colliders (Nuclear physics) , Particles (Nuclear physics)
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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