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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD SPACE AND TIME *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/27668.70 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword space and time ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319517001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity and the Quantum Pedagogical Essays on Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Quantum Gravity
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 494 p. 54 illus p.)
Contents:J. Alcaniz et al. Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with angular two-point correlation function -- C. M. Boily Resonant disruption of binary stars by a catalytic black hole -- Rong-Gen Cai and Li-Ming Cao Mechanics of Apparent
Horizon in Two Dimensional Dilaton Gravity -- Sumanta Chakraborty Boundary Terms of the Einstein-Hilbert Action -- Timothy Clifton and John Barrow Decay of the Cosmic Vacuum Energy -- Naresh Dadhich Understanding General Relativity
after 100 years: A matter of perspective -- Tevian Dray Piecewise Conserved Quantities -- Pankaj Joshi Self-Similarity and Criticality in Gravitational Collapse -- Claus Kiefer Notes on semiclassical Weyl gravity -- Dawood Kothawala
Accelerated Observers, Thermal Entropy, and Spacetime Curvature -- Donald Lynden-Bell A local stress tensor for gravity Fields -- Michele Maggiore Nonlocal Infrared Modifications of Gravity: A Review -- Ayan Mukhopadhyay Emergence of
gravity and RG flow -- S. Modak Modelling non-paradoxical loss of information in black hole evaporation -- J.V. Narlikar Relativistic Paths : A Feynman Problem -- Martin Rees Thoughts on 50 years in astrophysics and cosmology and on
what comes next -- Sudipta Sarkar Area Theorem: General Relativity and Beyond -- Shankarnarayanan What Are the Atoms of Space Time? -- Suprit Singh From Quantum to Classical in the Sky -- T.P. Singh Classical and quantum: a conflict of
interest -- Lee Smolin Four principles for quantum gravity -- L. Sriramkurar What do detectors detect? -- Urjit A Yajnik Stability longevity and all that : false vacua and topological defects
ISBN:9783319517001
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:9783319488646:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time Machine Tales The Science Fiction Adventures and Philosophical Puzzles of Time Travel
Author(s): Paul J Nahin
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XLIX, 383 p. 53 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Some First Words -- Introduction -- A Broad Look At Time Travel -- Philosophical Space and Time -- The Physics of Time Travel —Part I.-Philosophers, Physicists, and the Time Travel Paradoxes -- Communication With the Past -- The
Physics of Time Travel —Part II -- Epilogue -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- Glossary -- Index.
ISBN:9783319488646
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Popular works , Philosophy and science , Gravitation , Physics , Philosophy , Popular Science , Popular Science in Physics , Popular Science in Philosophy , Philosophy of Science , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:9783319460406:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Invention of Time and Space Origins, Definitions, Nature, Properties
Author(s): Patrice F Dassonville
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 176 p. 46 illus., 3 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- The Main Issues -- The Failure of Dialectics -- Reality, Concepts, and Models -- Origins of Time and Space -- Definitions and Nature of Time -- Definitions and Nature of Space -- Mathematical Properties of Time and
Space -- Historical Overview of Time and Space -- First Consequences of Non-Existence -- Conclusion -- Specific Glossary
ISBN:9783319460406
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , History, Ancient , Ontology , Philosophy and science , Anthropology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Anthropology , Ontology , Ancient History
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Call number:9783319444727:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spaceplane HERMES Europe's Dream of Independent Manned Spaceflight
Author(s): Luc van den Abeelen
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXII, 588 p. 187 illus., 97 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Origins: re-entry vehicles and orbital factories -- Getting serious: CNES develops a concept -- One or the other: selecting the prime contractor -- Safety rethink: the Challenger accident -- The road not taken: CNES decides against
Maia -- The Hague: adoption by ESA -- Ever growing: Hermes gains a module -- Competition and the others: spacecraft from around the world -- Shifting priorities: equipment relocations (1989-1990) -- The transatlantic scene: Freedom
struggles, Columbus and the DoD -- Buying time: the six-month extension of Phase 1 (1990) -- Outside influence: the costly fall of the Berlin Wall (1990-1991) -- Change at Munich: stretching the imagination (1991) -- Scaling down:
X-2000 and Russia to the rescue (1991-1992) -- Grenada: the end of the road (1992) -- Descendants: of astronauts and wings -- Space freighter for ISS: the promise of ATV -- Hermes’ legacy: a continued mission of sorts -- Keeping in
touch: the DRS satellites and Mission Control -- Staying cool: the thermal protection system -- In Orbit Infrastructure: Platforms and Space Stations -- Learning to fly: astronauts and their training -- Inside and out: the space suits
and escape systems -- Lift-off and getting home safely: preparation, launch and landing facilities -- Looking back: the Hermes experience -- Afterword -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- Appendix C
ISBN:9783319444727
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Popular works , History , Technology , Popular Science , Popular Science in Technology , Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astron , History of Science
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Call number:9783319444185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space, Time and the Limits of Human Understanding
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXIII, 530 p. 51 illus p.)
Contents:Philosophy: Śrīharṣa on the Indefinability of Time by Jonathan Duquette and Krishnamurti Ramasubramanian -- Why Spacetime Has a Life of its Own by James Robert Brown -- From Time to Time by Nathan Salmon -- Relativity Theory may not
have the last Word on the Nature of Time: Quantum Theory and Probabilism by Nicholas Maxwell -- Space as a Source and as an Object of Knowledge: The Transformation of the Concept of Space in the Post-Kantian Philosophy of Geometry by
Francesca Biagioli -- Space, Time and (how they) Matter by Valia Allori -- The Phenomenology of Space and Time: Husserl, Sartre, Derrida by Hans Herlof Grelland -- Time and Space in Ancient India, Pre­-Philosophical Period by Michael
Witzel and Nataliya Yanchevskaya -- Time in Physics and Time in Awareness by E. C. G. Sudarshan -- Physics: The Future’s Not Ours to See, by Tony Sudbury -- Nature’s Book Keeping System by Gerard ‘t Hooft -- An anomaly in space and
time and the origin of dynamics by Joan A. Vaccaro -- Spacetime and Reality: Facing the Ultimate Judge by Vesselin Petkov -- Hermann Weyl’s Space-Time Geometry and its Impact on Theories of Fundamental Interactions by Norbert Straumann
-- Space, Time, and Adynamical Explanation in the Relational Blockworld by W.M. Stuckey, Michael Silberstein, and Timothy McDevitt -- Matter, Space, Time, and Motion: A Unified Gravitational Perspective by C. S. Unnikrishnan --
Spacetime is Doomed by George Musser -- Mathematics: Geometry and Physical Space by Mary Leng -- The Geometry of Manifolds and the Perception of Space by Raymond O. Wells, Jr -- Topos Theoretic Approach to Space and Time by Goro C.
Kato -- Paradox? The Mathematics of Space-Time and the Limits of Human Understanding by Paul Ernest -- General Relativity, Time, and Determinism by James Isenberg -- “Now” has an infinitesimal positive duration by Reuben Hersh -- The
Fundamental Problem of Dynamics by Julian Barbour -- What’s wrong with the Platonic ideal of space and time? by Lorenzo Sadun -- Biology/Cognitive Science: Syntactic Space by Rajesh Kasturirangan -- Time measurement in living systems:
Human understanding and health implications by L Abhilash and Vijay Kumar Sharma -- The cellular space-the space of life by Pier Luigi Luisi -- The consciousness of space, the space of consciousness by Mauro Bergonzi and Pier Luigi
Luisi -- Time and Suffering (False metaphors, (de)synchronous times, and internal dynamics) by Norman Sieroka -- Evolutionary Time and the Creation of the Space of Life by Randall E. Auxier -- Computer Science: A computational
mathematics view of space, time and complexity by David H. Bailey and Jonathan M. Borwein -- The Black Hole in Mathematics by A. K. Dewdney -- Gödel’s Ontological Dreams by Gary Mar -- ‘Photographing the Footsteps of Time’: Space and
Time in Charles Babbage’s Calculating Engines by Doron Swade -- Gödel incompleteness and the empirical sciences by N. C. A. da Costa and F. A. Doria -- Miscellaneous: The Novel and the Map: Spatiotemporal Form and Discourse in Literary
Cartography by Robert T. Tally Jr -- Time, Space, and the Human Geographies of Opportunity by Donald G. Janelle -- Losing Time and Space: Experiencing Immersion by Diana J. Reichenbach. <
ISBN:9783319444185
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Epistemology , Metaphysics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Epistemology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Cosmology , Metaphysics
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Call number:9781608075355:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microstrip lines and slotlines
Author(s): Ramesh Garg
I. J. Bahl
Maurizio Bozzi
Date:2013
Edition:Third edition.
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (589 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Microstrip Lines I - Quasi-Static Analyses, Dispersion Models, and Measurements -- Planar Transmission Structures -- Microstrip Field Configuration -- Methods of Microstrip Analysis Quasi-Static Analyses of a Microstrip -- Modified Conformal Transformation Method -- Finite Difference Method -- Integral Equation Meth od -- Variational Method in the Fourier Transform Domain -- Segmentation and Boundary Element Method -- Microstrip Dispersion Models -- Coupled TEM Mode and TM Mode Model -- An Empirical Relation -- Dielectric-Loaded Ridged Waveguide Model -- Empirical F ormulae for Broad Frequency Range -- Planar Waveguide Model -- Microstrip Transitions -- Coaxial-to-Microstrip Transition -- Waveguide-to-Microstrip Transition -- Microstrip Measurements -- Substrate Dielectric Constant -- Characteristic Impendance -- Pha se Velocity or Effective Dielectric Constant -- Attenuation Constant -- Fabrication -- Printed Circuit Technologies -- Hybrid Microwave Integrated Circuits -- Monolithic Integrated Circuit Technologies
Chapter 2 Microstrip Lines II -- Fullwave Analyses, Design Considerations, and Applications -- Methods of Fullwave Analysis -- Analysis of an Open Microstrip -- Integral Equation Method in the Space Domain -- Galerkin.s Method in the Spectral Domain -- Analysis of an Enclosed Microstrip -- Integral Equation Methods -- Finite Difference Method -- Design Considerations -- Microstrip Losses -- Power Handling Capability -- Effect of Tolerances -- Effect of Dielectric Anisotropy -- Frequency Range of Ope ration -- Lumped Element Model of Microstrip Interconnect -- Other Types of Microstrip Lines -- Suspended and Inverted Microstrip Lines -- Multilayered Dielectric Microstrip -- Thin Film Microstrip -- Valley Microstrip Lines -- Buried Microstrip Line -- S uperconducting Microstrip Circuits -- Microstrip Applications -- Lumped Elements -- Passive Components -- Active Components -- Packages and Assemblies
Chapter 3 Microstrip Discontinuities I -- Quasi-Static Analysis and Characterization -- Discontinui ty Capacitance Evaluation -- Matrix Inversion Method -- Variational Method -- Galerkins Method in the Fourier Transform Domain -- Use of Line Sources with Charge Reversal -- Discontinuity Inductance Evaluation -- Characterization of Various Discontinuitie s -- Open Ends -- Gaps in a Microstrip -- T-Junctions -- Cross Junctions -- RF Short and Via Hole -- Compensated Microstrip Discontinuities
Chapter 4 Microstrip Discontinuities II: Fullwave Analysis and Measurements -- Planar Waveguide Analysis -- Discontinuity Characterization -- Compensation of Discontinuity Reactances -- Radiation and Parasitic Coupling -- Fullwave Analysis of Discon tinuities . Galerkins Method in the Spectral Domain -- Integral Equation Solution in the Space Domain -- Time Domain Methods for Microstrip Discontinuity -- Discontinuity Measurements -- Linear Resonator Method -- Ring Resonator Method -- Scattering Param eters Measurement Method
Chapter 5 Slotlines -- Slotline Analysis -- Approximate Analysis -- Transverse Resonance Method . Galerkins Method in the Spectral Domain -- Design Considerations -- Closed-Form Expressions -- Effect of Metal Thickness -- Effec t of Tolerances -- Losses in Slotline -- Slotline Discontinuities -- Short End Discontinuty -- Open End Discontinuity -- Variants of Slotline -- Coupled Microstrip-Slotline -- Conductor-Backed Slotline -- Conductor-Backed Slotline with Superstrate -- Slot lines with Double-Layered Dielectric -- Slotline Transitions -- Coaxial-to-Slotline Transition -- Microstrip-to-Slotline Cross-Junction Transition -- Slotline Applications -- Circuits Using T-Junctions -- Circuits Using Wideband 180 Phase Shift -- Hybrid /de Ronde.s Branchline Couplers
Chapter 6 Defected Ground Structure (DGS) -- Basic Structure of DGS -- Unit Cell and Periodic DGS -- Advantages and Disadvantages of DGS -- DGS Characteristics -- Stop-Band Properties -- Slow-Wave Propagation -- Realization of Transmission Lines wit h High Characteristic Impedance -- Modeling of DGS -- Full-Wave Modeling -- Equivalent Circuit Models -- Applications of DGS -- DGS-Based Filters -- Other DGS-Based Passive Components -- DGS-Based Active Circuits -- DGS-Based Antennas
Chapter 7 Coplan ar Lines: Coplanar Waveguide and Coplanar Strips -- Quasi-Static Conformal Mapping Analysis of CPW -- Quasi-Static Conformal Mapping Analysis of CPS -- Fullwave Analysis -- Design Considerations -- Design Equations -- Dispersion -- Effect of Metallization Thickness -- Losses in Coplanar Lines -- Dielectric Loss -- Conductor Loss -- Radiation and Surface Wave Losses -- Effect of Tolerances -- Comparison with Microstrip Line and Slotline -- Transitions -- Coax-to-CPW Transitions -- Microstrip-to-CPS Transit ions -- Microstrip-to-CPW Transition -- CPW-to-CPS Transitions -- CPS-to-Slotline Transitions -- Slotline-to-CPW Transitions -- Discontinuities in Coplanar Lines -- CAD Models for Discontinuities in Coplanar Waveguide Circuits -- CAD Models for Discontinu ities in Coplanar Strips Circuits -- Coplanar Line Circuits -- Circuits with Series and Shunt Reactances in CPW -- Circuits Using Slotline-CPW Junctions
Chapter 8 Coupled Microstrip Lines -- General Analysis of Coupled Lines -- Methods of Analysis -- Coupled Mode Approach -- Even- and Odd-Mode Approach -- Characteristics of Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Quasi-Static Analysis -- Fullwave Analysis -- Di spersion Models -- Measurements on Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Impedance Measurements -- Phase Constant Measurements -- Design Considerations for Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Design Equations -- Effect of Fabrication Tolerances -- Coupled Microstrip Lines with Dielectric Overlays -- Effect of Dielectric Anisotropy -- Slot-Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Coupled Multiconductor Microstrip Lines -- Discontinuities in Coupled Microstrip Lines -- Network Model -- Open-End Discontinuity
Chapter 9 Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) -- Operation Principle -- Analysis Techniques of SIW . Equivalent Rectangular Waveguide -- Full-wave Modeling of SIW Interconnects -- Full-wave Modeling of SIW Components -- Equivalent Circuits Models o f SIW Discontinuities -- Design Considerations -- Mechanisms of Loss -- Guided.wave and Leaky-wave Regions of Operation -- Band-gap Effects in SIW Structures -- SIW Design Rules -- Substrate Integrated Folded Waveguide (SIFW) -- Half-Mode Substrate Integr ated Waveguide (HMSIW) -- Substrate Integrated Slab Waveguide (SISW) -- Substrate Integrated Ridge Waveguide (SIRW) -- Transitions Between SIW and Planar Transmission Lines -- Microstrip-to-SIW Transitions -- CPW-to-SIW Transitions -- SIW Components and A ntennas -- Passive Components -- Active Circuits -- Antennas -- System-on-Substrate (SoS) -- Fabrication Technologies and Materials -- Fabrication by PCB and LTCC Technologies -- Integration of SIW on Silicon -- Use of Novel Substrate Materials -- Solutio ns for High Frequency Operation of SIW
ISBN:9781608075355
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Strip transmission lines. , Microwave transmission lines. , Microwave integrated circuits.
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Call number:9781608071210:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Behavioral modeling and linearization of RF power amplifiers
Author(s): John Wood
Date:2014
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (362 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Introduction -- History of Mobile Wireless Communications -- Digital Modulation -- Filters for Digital Communication Systems -- Measures for Digital Communication Signals -- RF Power Amplifiers: Linearity and Efficiency -- Harmonic Loading -- The Doherty Amplifier -- The Polar Amplifier -- High-Efficiency PA Summary -- Linearization Techniques for RF PAs -- Polar Feedback -- Cartesian Feedback -- Feedforward -- Pre-distortion -- Behavioral Modeling -- Chapter 2 Models, Modeling, and Simulation -- Data- or Measurement-Based Models -- Physically Based Models -- Equivalent Circuit Models -- Compact Models -- Behavioral Models -- Function Fitting and Function Approximation -- Model Validation -- Circuit Si mulation -- Electromagnetic Simulation -- Device Physical Simulation -- Thermal Simulation -- System Simulation -- Chapter 3 Linear Systems and Identification -- Linear System Properties -- Instantaneous and Dynamic Systems -- Time Domain or Frequency Dom ain -- Convolution Integral and Impulse Response -- State Space Representation -- Discrete Time Representation -- General Transfer Function Models -- Noise and Disturbance Signals -- General Model Structure -- model Building -- Basis Functions -- Least Sq uares Algorithm -- Error Measures -- System Identification -- Nonlinear System Identification
Chapter 4 Modeling PA Nonlinearities -- Gain Compression in the PA -- Modeling the CW Input-Output Relationship -- Phase Characteristic - AM-to-PM Behavior -- Two-Tone Analysis -- Comments on the Two-Tone Analysis -- Chapter 5 Memory Effects -- Shor t-Term Memory Effects -- Long-Term Memory Effects -- Matching Networks -- Charge Storage in the Transistor -- Thermal Effects -- Trapping of Charge -- Bias and Supply Lines -- Including Memory Effects in the Nonlinear Model -- Chapter 6 Nonlinear Dynamica l Models -- Volterra Series -- Taylor Series -- Cascade of Linear and Nonlinear Components -- The Higher-Order Kernels -- Discrete-Time Expressions for Volterra Series -- Nonlinear Feedback Model -- Wiener and Hammerstein Models -- Memory Polynomial Model -- Parallel Cascade -- Orthogonal Basis Functions -- Advanced Volterra Series Models -- Dynamic Deviation Model -- Narrowband Approximation- Baseband Volterra Models -- Techniques for Building Volterra Models of Power Amplifiers -- Data Pre-conditioning -- Model Selection -- Model Solution: Parameter Estimation -- Model Validation -- Non-Volterra Models -- Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 7 Digital Pre-Distortion -- Pre-Distortion -- Gain and Bandwidth Concerns -- Pre-Distortion of the Digital Signal -- Digital Pre-Distortion System -- Baseband Signal Processing -- Crest Factor Reduction -- The DPD Function Block -- Adaptive Digital Pre-Distortion -- Indirect Learning DPD System -- Model Reference DPD System -- DPD Coefficient Adaption Techniques -- DPD System Implementation Details -- RF Section -- Data Converters -- Baseband Digital Signal Processing -- Chapter 8 Crest Fact or Reduction of Digital Communication Signals -- Cause of Signal Peaks -- CFR Overview -- Clip-and-Filter Approaches -- Peak Windowing -- Partial Transmit Sequence -- Tone Reservation -- Constellation Extension -- Coding -- CFR for Downlink LTE Using Phas e-Shifted Resource Blocks -- Chapter 9 RF Pre-Distortion -- RFPD vs. DPD -- Implementation -- From RF to Baseband and Back to RF -- Volterra Series Simplification -- RFPD Architecture -- Analyzing and Processing Engine -- Analog Data Path -- Technical Cha llenges and Analog Limitations -- Offsets - Impact on the Pre-distortion Signal -- Peak-to-Average Power Ratio -- Signal Expansion and Compression -- Bandwidth Expansion -- Temperature Effects -- Normalizing the CORR -- Nonlinear Operator Normalization -- SC1894 -- Carrier Aggregation -- Chapter 10 Frequency Domain Models -- Frequency Domain Nonlinear Models . Amplifier 2 Model -- P2D Model -- X-Parameters -- S-Functions Model -- The Cardiff Model
ISBN:9781608071203
Series:Artech House microwave library.
Series:Artech eBooks
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Amplifiers, Radio frequency. , Amplifiers, Radio frequency. fast
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Call number:9781596932166:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electromagnetic scattering and material characterization
Author(s): Abbas. Omar
Date:2011
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource(303 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Introduction -- Microscopic-Macroscopic Transformation -- Metamaterials -- Free-Space Measurements and Focusing -- Waveguide Measurements -- Resonator Measurements -- Radio Frequency (RF) Measurements -- Measurement Accuracy and Extraction Sensitivity -- Chapter 2 Fundamentals -- Spectral Transformations -- Sturm-Liouville Eigenvalue Problems -- Sin-Series and Cos-Series Expansions -- Fourier Series and Fourier Transform -- Fourier-Bessel Series and Hankel Transform -- Multidimensional Fou rier Transform -- Maxwell.s Equations in Free Space -- Time Domain -- Frequency Domain and Auxiliary Potentials -- Spectral Domain and Plane Waves -- Constitutive Relations -- Time Domain and Transient and Steady-State Constitutive Relations -- Frequency Domain and Steady-State Constitutive Relations -- Chapter 3 -- Propagation in Homogeneous Media -- Source-Free Electromagnetic Fields in Homogeneous Media -- Plane Waves and Polarization -- Plane Waves -- Polarization -- Electromagnetic Fields in Material Layers -- Infinitely Extended Material Slabs -- Cylindrical Shells -- Spherical Shells -- Antennas and Antenna Arrays -- Infinitesimal Current Loop (Point Magnetic Dipole) -- Basic Antenna Characteristics -- Antenna Arrays -- Dispersion -- The Concept of Focusing -- Focusing Using a Linear Antenna Array
Chapter 4 Guided Wave Propagation -- Guided Waves in Homogeneously Filled Waveguides -- TEM Modes -- TE and TM Modes -- Eigenmodes of Inhomogeneously Filled Waveguides -- Coupled Mode Formulation -- Modal Orthogonality and Complex Modes -- Waveguide s with Lossy Boundaries -- Excitation of Waveguides -- Coupled Mode Formulation -- Excitation Sources with a Finite Axial Extent -- Waveguide Junctions -- Junction Between Two Empty Waveguides with Different Cross Sections -- Junction Between Empty and In homogeneously -- Filled Waveguides Sharing the Same Cross Section -- Chapter 5 Electromagnetic Cavity Resonators -- Construction of Complete Sets of Three-Dimensional Vector Functions -- Divergenceless Eigenmodes -- Irrotational Eigenmodes -- Resonance Mo des in Homogeneously Filled Cavities -- Resonance Modes in Inhomogeneously Filled Cavities -- Coupled Mode Formulation -- Modal Orthogonality and Stored Energies -- Cavity Resonators with Lossy Boundaries -- Excitation of Cavity Resonators -- Coupled Mode Formulation -- Source-Free Fields -- Aperture Coupling of Cavity Resonators
Chapter 6 Free-Space Measurements - Planar Interfaces -- Incident, Scattered, and Total Fields -- Measurement Configuration -- Plane-Wave Decomposition of the Far Field of Illuminating Antennas -- Spatially Dependent Field -- Plane-Wave Interpretati on -- Short- and Open-Circuited Half Spaces -- Material Half Spaces (Reflection Measurements Only) -- The Spatially Dependent Free-Space Field -- Transversally Directed Short Current Element as a Radiating Antenna -- Short-Circuited Material Slabs (Reflec tion Measurements Only) -- The Spatially Dependent Free-Space Field -- Material Slabs (Both Reflection and Transmission Measurements) -- The Spatially Dependent Free-Space Fields -- Chapter 7 Free-Space Measurements - Cylindrical and Spherical Interfaces -- Measurement Configuration for Cylindrical Interfaces -- Cylindrical-Harmonics Expansion of the Far Field of Illuminating Antennas -- Spatially Dependent Field -- Measurement of the Constitutive Parameters of Material Cylinders -- Cylindrical Harmonics -- Spatial Cylindrical Harmonics -- Measurement Configuration for Spherical Interfaces -- Spherical-Surface-Harmonics Expansion of the Far Field of Illuminating Antennas -- Incident Field in Local Coordinates -- Radial Potentials of the Incident Field -- Measurement of the Constitutive Parameters of Material Spheres -- Matching the Spherical Surface Harmonics
ISBN:9781596932166
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Electromagnetic waves, Scattering. , Electromagnetic fields.
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Call number:9781580539746:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microwave radiometer systems: design and analysis
Author(s): Niels Skou
D. M. Le Vine
Date:2006
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (222 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Introduction -- Chapter 2 Summary -- Chapter 3 The Radiometer Receiver: Sensitivity and Accuracy -- What Is a Radiometer Receiver -- The Sensitivity of the Radiometer -- Absolute Accuracy and Stability -- Chapter 4 Radiometer Principles - - The Total Power Radiometer -- The Dicke Radiometer -- The Noise-Injection Radiometer -- The Correlation Radiometer -- Hybrid Radiometer -- Chapter 5 Radiometer Receivers on a Block Diagram Level -- Receiver Principles -- Direct or Superheterodyne -- DSB or SSB with or without RF Preamplifier -- Microwave Part -- Noise Figure and the Sensitivity of the Radiometer -- IF Circuitry and the Detector -- Extreme Signal Levels -- LF Circuitry -- Analog-to-Digital Converter -- Sampling in the Radiometer: Aliasin g -- DSB Receiver without RF Preamplifier -- SSB Receiver with RF Preamplifier -- Stability Considerations -- Chapter 6 DTU Noise-Injection Radiometers -- Chapter 7 Polarimetric Radiometers -- Polarimetry and Stokes Parameters -- Radiometric Signatures of the Ocean -- Polarization Combining Radiometers -- Correlation Radiometers -- Sensitivities -- DTU Polarimetric System
Chapter 8 Synthetic Aperture Radiometer Principles -- RF Processing -- Image Processing -- Sensitivity -- Chapter 9 Calibration and Linearity -- Calibration Sources -- Calibration of 5-GHz Radiometer -- Linearity Measured by Simple Means -- Simple T hree-Point Calibration -- Linearity Checked by Slope Measurements -- Calibration of Polarimetric Radiometers -- Chapter 10 Sensitivity and Stability: Experiments with Basic Radiometer Receivers -- 5-GHz Sensitivity Measurements -- Stability Measurements - - 5-GHz DR with Correction Algorithm -- 17-GHz NIR Results -- TPR Results -- Back-End Stability -- Chapter 11 Radiometer Antennas and Real Aperture Imaging -- Beam Efficiency and Losses -- Antenna Types -- Imaging Considerations -- Dwell Time Per Footprin t Versus the Sampling -- Time in the Radiometer -- Receiver Considerations for Imagers -- Chapter 12 Relationships Between Swath Width, Footprint, Integration Time, Sensitivity, Frequency, and Other Parameters for Satellite-Borne, Real Aperture Imaging Sy stems -- Mechanical Scan -- Push-Broom Systems -- General-Purpose Multifrequency Mission -- Coastal Salinity Sensor -- Realistic Salinity Sensor
Chapter 13 First Example of a Spaceborne Imager: A General-Purpose Mechanical Scanner -- System Considerations -- General Geometric and Radiometric Characteristics -- Baseline Instrument Specifications -- Instrument Layout and Receiver Type -- Recei ver Design -- Direct Receivers -- The 89-GHz DSB Receivers -- Integrated Receivers: Weight and Power . Receiver Performance -- Critical Design Features -- Antenna Design -- Calibration and Linearity -- Prelaunch Radiometric Calibration -- On-Board Calibra tion -- System Issues -- System Weight and Power -- Data Rate -- Chapter 14 Second Example of a Spaceborne Imager: A Sea Salinity, Soil Moisture Push-Broom Radiometer System -- Brightness Temperature of the Sea -- Brightness Temperature of Moist Soil -- User Requirements for Geophysical and Spatial Resolution -- Salinity Measurements -- Soil Moisture Measurements -- 1.4-GHz Push-Broom Radiometer System -- Sensitivity Considerations -- 1.4-GHz Noise-Injection Radiometer Receiver -- Antenna Considerations -- Layout of System -- Calibration -- The Fara day Rotation -- Correction Based on Knowing Rotation Angle -- Correction Based on the Polarization Ratio -- Consequences for Instrument Design -- Using the First Stokes Parameter -- Space and Atmosphere -- Space Radiation -- Atmospheric Effects -- Chapter 15 Examples of Synthetic Aperture Radiometers -- Implementation of Synthesis -- Airborne Example: ESTAR -- Hardware -- Image Reconstruction -- Calibration -- Spaceborne Examples HYDROSTAR and SMOS
ISBN:978158053974
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Series:Artech House remote sensing library
Keywords: Radiometers, Design and construction. , Microwave detectors.
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Call number:9780750672917:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reference data for engineers: radio, electronics, computer, and communications.
Author(s): M. E. Van Valkenburg (ed.)
Wendy Middleton (ed.)
Date:2002
Edition:9th ed.
Publisher:ScienceDirect
Size:1 online resource
Contents:Radio frequency spectrum management and time frequency standards -- International telephony recommendations -- Units, constants, and conversion factors -- Properties of materials -- Components or parts -- Fundamentals of networks -- Fourier waveform analysis -- Filters, simple bandpass design -- Filters, modern-network-theory design -- Active filter design -- Attenuators -- Measurements and analysis -- Magnetic-core transformers and reactors -- Power electronics -- rectifiers, filters, and power sup plies -- Feedback control systems -- Electron tubes -- Power grid-tube circuits -- Semiconductors and transistors -- Transistor circuits -- Integrated circuits -- Optoelectronics -- Optical communications -- Analog communications -- Digital communications -- Information theory and coding -- Computer communications networks -- Satellite and space communications -- Discrete-time signal processing -- Transmission lines -- Waveguides and resonators -- Scattering matrices -- Antennas -- Electromagnetic-wave pr opagation -- Radio noise and interference -- Broadcasting, cable television, and recording system standards -- Radar -- Radio navigation systems -- Common carrier transmission -- Switching networks and traffic concepts -- Electroacoustics -- Lasers -- Com puter organization and programming -- Logic design -- Probability and statistics -- Reliability and life testing -- Cellular telecommunications systems -- Mathematical equations -- Mathematical tables -- Miscellaneous data.
ISBN:9780750672917
Series:eBooks
Series:ScienceDirect
Keywords: Electronics. , Computer engineering. , Telecommunication.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662484104:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chaos Detection and Predictability
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (44 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48410-4
Contents:Estimating Lyapunov exponents from time series -- Theory and applications of the fast Lyapunov Indicator (FLI) method -- Theory and applications of the Orthogonal Fast Lyapunov Indicator (OFLI and OFLI2) methods -- Theory and
applications of the Mean Exponential Growth factor of Nearby Orbits (MEGNO) method -- The Smaller (SALI) and the Generalized (GALI) Alignment Indices: Efficient Methods of Chaos Detection -- The Relative Lyapunov Indicators: Theory and
Application to Dynamical Astronomy -- The 0-1 Test for Chaos: A review
ISBN:9783662484104
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 915
Keywords: Physics , Physical geography , Mathematical physics , Space sciences , Statistical physics , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Earth System Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319320137:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Trends in Differential Equations and Applications
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (67 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-32013-7
Contents:1 M. J. Castro, J. M. Gallardo, A. Marquina: Approximate Osher-Solomon schemes for hyperbolic systems -- 2 G. Maicas, A.I. Muñoz, G. Galiano, A. Ben Hamza and E. Schiavi: Spectral shape analysis of the hippocampal structure for Alzheimer’s Diseas e diagnosis -- 3 P. Alonso, J.M. Peña, M.L. Serrano: Characterizations of M-banded ASSR matrices -- 4 E. Casas, K. Chrysafinos: A review of numerical analysis for the discretization of the velocity tracking problem -- 5 G. Castiñeira and J.M. Rodríguez : Asymptotic analysis of a viscous flow in a curved pipe with elastic walls -- 6 J. Mura and A. Caiazzo: A two-scale homogenization approach for the estimation of porosity in elastic media -- 7 J. M. Carnicer, Y. Khiar and J. M. Pena: A matrix approach to the Newton formula and divided differences -- 8 B. Climent-Ezquerra and F. Guillen-Gonzalez: Long-time behavior of a Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes vesicle-fluid interaction model -- 9 G. Viglialoro: Explicit blow-up time for two porous medium
problems with different reaction terms -- 10 A. Domínguez-Delgado, C. Domínguez-Torres and J. Iñesta-Vaquera: Numerical Assessment of the Energy Efficiency of an Open Joint Ventilated Facade for Typical Meteorological Months Data in Southern Spai n -- 11 E. Barrena, G. Laporte, F. A. Ortega, M. A. Pozo: Planning ecotourism routes in nature parks -- 12 M. Isabel García-Planas and M. Dolors Magret: Isometries of the Hamming space and equivalence relations of linear codes over a finite field -- 13 D aniela Giachetti, Pedro J. Martínez-Aparicio and François Murat: Advances in the study of singular semilinear elliptic problems -- 14 A. Baeza, P. Mulet, and D. Zorio: Weighted extrapolation techniques for finite difference methods on complex domains wi th Cartesian meshes -- 15 V. Domínguez and C. Turc: High order Nystrom methods for transmission problems for Helmholtz Equation -- 16 A. Algaba, N. Fuentes, C. García and M. Reyes: Algebraic inverse integrating factors for a class of generalized
nilpotent systems -- 17 R. Burger, F. Guerrero,M.C. Martı and P. Mulet: WENO schemes for multi-dimensional porous media flow without capillarity -- 18 L. Fan, P. Monk, and V. Selgas: Time dependent scattering in an acoustic waveguide via convolutio n quadrature and the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map -- 19 M. Albareda-Sambola, L. I. Martínez-Merino and A. M. Rodríguez-Chía: Location of emergency facilities with uncertainty in the demands -- 20 P. Díaz de Alba and G. Rodriguez: Regularized solution of a nonlinear problem in applied geophysics -- 21 A. Barreras and J.M. Peña: Total positivity: a new inequality and related classes of matrices -- 22 A. Ruiz and C. Muriel: Applications of C∞-symmetries in the construction of solvable structures -- 23 R. de la Rosa and M. S. Bruzón: Travelling wave solutions of a generalized variable-coefficient Gardner equation -- 24 Rodolfo Bermejo and Laura Saavedra: A second order local projection Lagrange-Galerkin method for Navier-Stokes equations at high
Reynolds numbers -- 25 F. Guillén-González and J. R. Rodrıguez-Galvan: Finite Element approximation of Hydrostatic Stokes Equations: Review and Tests
ISBN:9783319320137
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:SEMA SIMAI Springer Series: 8
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations , Partial differential equations , Mathematical physics , Computer mathematics , Mathematics , Partial Differential Equations , Ordinary Differential Equations , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319285993:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multivariate Time Series With Linear State Space Structure
Author(s): Víctor Gómez
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (541 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28599-3
Contents:Preface -- Computer Software -- Orthogonal Projection -- Linear Models -- Stationarity and Linear Time Series Models -- The State Space Model -- Time Invariant State Space Models -- Time Invariant State Space Models With Inputs -- Wiener–Kolmogor ov Filtering and Smoothing -- SSMMATLAB -- Bibliography -- Author Index -- Subject Index
ISBN:9783319285993
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Statistics , Probabilities , Econometrics , Statistics , Statistical Theory and Methods , Statistics and Computing/Statistics Programs , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Scien , Econometrics , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319269023:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Mathematical Physics A Bridge between Mathematics and Physics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (20 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-26902-3
Contents:Preface -- Christopher J. Fewster. On the Spin-Statistics Connection in Curved Spacetimes -- Daniel Becker, Martin Reuter. Is there a C-Function in 4D Quantum Einstein Gravity? -- José M. Gracia-Bondía.Systematic Renormalization at all Orders in t he DiffRen and Improved Epstein{Glaser Schemes -- Michael Dütsch. Higgs Mechanism and Renormalization Group Flow:Are They Compatible? -- Claudio Dappiaggi. Hadamard States From Null Infinity -- Michael Gransee.Local Thermal Equilibrium States in Relativi stic Quantum Field Theory -- Frédéric Paugam. Categorical Methods in Quantum Field Theory -- Harald Grosse, Raimar Wulkenhaar.A Solvable Four-Dimensional QFT -- Rainer Verch. Wave Equations with Non-Commutative Space and Time -- Gandalf Lechner, Jan Sch lemmer.Thermal Equilibrium States for Quantum Fields on Non-Commutative Spacetimes -- Christian Fleischhack.Kinematical Foundations of Loop Quantum Cosmology -- Gerhard Börner.Cosmic Puzzles - Dark Matter and Dark Energy -- Israel Michael
Sigal.Radiation and Scattering in Non-Relativistic Quantum Electrodynamics -- Stefan Teufel, Roderich Tumulka. Avoiding Ultraviolet Divergence by Means of Interior{Boundary Conditions -- Felix Finster.Causal Fermion Systems - An Overview -- Dirk-And ré Deckert, Franz Merkl. A Perspective on External Field QED -- Enno Keßler.Super Riemann Surfaces and the Super Conformal Action Functional -- Stefan Waldmann. Recent Developments in Deformation Quantization -- Michael K.-H. Kiessling.Dirac's Point Ele ctron in the Zero-Gravity Kerr - Newman World -- Christoph A. Stephan. Noncommutative Geometry and the Physics of the LHC Era -- Klaus Kröncke. Variational Stability and Rigidity of Compact Einstein Manifolds -- Index
ISBN:9783319269023
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical physics , Physics , Mathematics , Mathematical Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319259017:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Perturbative Algebraic Quantum Field Theory An Introduction for Mathematicians
Author(s): Kasia Rejzner
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (180 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25901-7
Contents:Introduction -- Algebraic approach to quantum theory -- Algebraic quantum mechanics -- Causality -- Haag-Kastler axioms -- pAQFT axioms -- LCQFT -- Kinematical structure -- The space of field configurations -- Functionals on the
configuration space -- Fermionic field configurations -- Vector fields -- Functorial interpretation -- Classical theory -- Dynamics -- Natural Lagrangians -- Homological characterization of the solution space -- The net of topological
Poisson algabras -- Analogy with classical mechanics -- Deformation quantization -- Star products -- The star product on the space of multivector fields -- Kähler structure -- Interaction -- Outline of the approach -- Scatering matrix
and time ordered products -- Renormalization group -- Interacting local nets -- Explicit construction -- Gauge theories -- Classical gauge theory -- Gauge-fixing -- BV formalism -- Effective quantum gravity -- From LCQFT to quantum
gravity -- Dynamics and symmetries -- Linearized theory -- Quantization -- Relational observables -- Background independence
ISBN:9783319259017
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Algebra , Field theory (Physics) , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Mathematical Physics , Field Theory and Polynomials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319249070:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Picture This! Grasping the Dimensions of Time and Space
Author(s): Michael Carroll
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (31 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24907-0
Contents:Preface: The Long and the Short of It -- Part One: Our Place in the Cosmos -- Chapter One: Asteroids, Comets, and Our Cosmic Landscape -- Chapter Two: Ice Dwarfs and Tiny Moons -- Chapter Three: The Weirdest Moons, Large and Small --
Chapter Four: A Tour of the Planets -- Chapter Five: Bright, Shining Stars -- Chapter Six: Nebulae, Galaxies, and the Edge of All Things -- Chapter Seven: Understanding Scale in the Universe -- Part Two: Our Place in Time -- Chapter
Eight: The Worlds Around Us -- Chapter Nine: Space Travel -- Index
ISBN:9783319249070
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Popular works , Planetology , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Popular Science , Popular Science in Astronomy , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Planetology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319235431:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Amazing Unity of the Universe And Its Origin in the Big Bang
Author(s): Edward van den Heuvel
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (172 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-23543-1
Contents:Our Strange Universe -- The Sun’s Backyard: Our Solar System -- How Distant Are the Stars?- The Discovery of the Structure of Our Milky Way Galaxy -- The Chemical Composition of the Sun and Stars -- Other Galaxies and the Discovery of
the Expansion of the Universe -- Gravity According to Galilei, Newton, Einstein and Mach -- Einstein, de Sitter, Friedmann, Lemaitre and the Evolution of the Universe -- The Big Bang as the Origin of the Universe -- The Origin of the
Matter in the Universe -- We Are Made of Stardust: Timescales of the Universe and of Life -- Is the Universe Open, Closed or Flat? The Horizon Problem, the Flatness Problem and Inflation -- Dark Matter and Dark Energy: Our Strange
Universe -- Ripples in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation -- Time in the Universe -- From Universe to Multiverse -- Intelligent Life Elsewhere in the Universe -- Epilogue -- Appendices
ISBN:9783319235431
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Space sciences , Cosmology , Astronomy , Physics , Cosmology , Popular Science in Astronomy , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783034809399:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Developments of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-0939-9
Contents:The Work of Yoshihiro Shibata, Herbert Amann, Yoshikazu Giga, Hisashi Okamoto, Hideo Kozono and Masao Yamazaki -- Existence of weak solutions for a diffuse interface model of power-law type two-phase flows, Helmut Abels, Lars Diening and Yutaka Tera sawa -- Stationary Solutions for a Navier-Stokes/Cahn- Hilliard System with Singular Free Energies, Helmut Abels and Josef Weber -- Parabolic Equations on Uniformly Regular Riemannian Manifolds and Degenerate Initial Boundary Value Problems, Herbert Amann -- A generalization of some regularity criteria to the Navier–Stokes equations involving one velocity component, Simon Axmann and Milan Pokorny -- On the singular p-Laplacian system under Navier slip type boundary conditions, The gradient-symmetric cas e, H. Beirão da Veiga -- Thermodynamically consistent modeling for dissolution/growth of bubbles in an incompressible solvent, Dieter Bothe and Kohei Soga -- On unsteady internal flows of Bingham fluids subject to threshold slip on the
impermeable boundary, Miroslav Bulíček and Josef Málek -- Inhomogeneous boundary value problems in spaces of higher regularity,Robert Denk and Tim Seger -- Blow-up criterion for 3D Navier-Stokes equations and Landau-Lifshitz System in a bounded d omain, Jishan Fan and Tohru Ozawa -- Local Regularity Results for the Instationary Navier-Stokes Equations Based on Besov Space Type Criteria, Reinhard Farwig -- On global well/ill-posedness of the Euler-Poisson system, Eduard Feireisl -- On the Motion of a Liquid-Filled Rigid Body Subject to a Time-Periodic Torque, Giovanni P. Galdi, Giusy Mazzone and Mahdi Mohebbi -- Seeking a proof of Xie’s inequality: on the conjecture that m ! 1, John G. Heywood -- Bounded Analyticity of the Stokes Semigroup on Spa ces of Bounded Functions, Matthias Hieber and Paolo Maremonti -- On the weak solution of the fluid-structure interaction problem for sheardependent fluids, Anna Hundertmark, Mária Lukáčová-Medvid’ová and Sárka Nečasová -- Stability of time
periodic solutions for the rotating Navier-Stokes equations, Tsukasa Iwabuchi, Alex Mahalov and Ryo Takada -- Weighted Lp - Lq estimates of Stokes semigroup in half-space and its application to the Navier-Stokes equations,Takayuki Kobayashi and Taka yuki Kubo -- On vorticity formulation for viscous incompressible flows in R3+, Humiya Kosaka and Yasunori Maekawa -- A Weak Solution to the Navier–Stokes System with Navier’s Boundary Condition in a Time–Varying Domain, Jiří Neustupa and Patrick P enel -- Effects of fluid-boundary interaction on the stability of boundary layers in plasma physics, Masashi Ohnawa -- On Incompressible Two-Phase Flows with Phase Transitions and Variable Surface Tension, Masao Yamazaki
ISBN:9783034809399
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Partial differential equations , Mathematics , Partial Differential Equations
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789401788045:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Three Dimensional Creativity [electronic resource] : Three Navigations to Extend our Thoughts
Author(s): Kwang Hyung Lee
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Is creativity something that we are simply born with and cannot hone with effort? Some say that creativity cannot be cultivated. Is it true? In general, our thinking sticks to reality unless there is any external stimulation. Withour thinking fixed o n a certain situation, it becomes difficult to come up with a fresh idea. In this regard, three questions are suggested: (1) Question of Time: When a problem arises, question yourself on a time axis first of all.How would the matter be handled 10 or 20 ye ars from now? (2) Question of Space: Ask yourself some questions on its spatial elements. How would the matter be handled in Saudi Arabia or in China? (3) Question of Field: Apply the givenproblem in a variety of fields. How would the matter be handled in the field of music or electronic engineering? The three questions suggested here are given on the three axes: time, space, and field, and this book deals withtheoretical and practical aspects on the topics. In this way it is a unique book about the syste matic method of developing creativity, which will have appeal to researchers and students in multidisciplinary fields from neuroscience tophysics, and engineering and computer science, as well as a general public
Contents:Preface
1 Creativity can be cultivated
2 Freedom from time
3 Freedom from space
4 Freedom from field
5 Traveling on a two
dimensional plane
6 Traveling in a three
dimensional world
ISBN:9789401788045
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:KAIST Research Series, 2214-2541
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering design
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9784431545446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of the Electric Dipole Moment in the R-parity Violating Supersymmetric Standard Model [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nodoka Yamanaka
Date:2014
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In this thesis the author discusses the phenomenology of supersymmetric models by means of experimental data set analysis of the electric dipole moment. There is an evaluation of the elementary processes contributing to theelectric dipole moments wit hin R-parity-violating supersymmetry, which call for higher-order perturbative computations. A new method based on linear programming is developed and for the first time the non-trivial parameter space ofR-parity violation respecting the constraints from existing experimental data of the electric dipole moment is revealed. As well, the impressive efficiency of the new method in scanning the parameter space of the R-parity-violatingsector is effectively demonstrated. This new method makes it possible to ex tract from the experimental data a more reliable constraint on the R-parity violation
Contents:Introduction
The Supersymmetry
Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
R
parity Violation and Phenomenological Constraints
Backgrounds and Motivations for EDM Search
Hadron Level Calculation
Nuclear Level Calculation
Atomic Level Calculation
EDM in the Standard Model
Constraints on Supersymmetric Models from Electric Dipole Moments
Leading RPV Contributions to the EDM Observables
Classification of RPV Couplings and RPV Dependence to EDM Observables
Reappraisal of Constraints on R
parity Violation from EDM at the Leading Order
Analysis of the Maximal CP Viol
ISBN:9784431545446
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783662441404:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory and Applications of Difference Equations and Discrete Dynamical Systems [electronic resource] : ICDEA, Muscat, Oman, May 26 - 30, 2013
Author(s): Ziyad AlSharawi
Jim M Cushing
Saber Elaydi
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume contains the proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Difference Equations and Applications, held at Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman in May 2013. The conference brought together experts and novices inthe theory and appli cations of difference equations and discrete dynamical systems. The volume features papers in difference equations and discrete time dynamical systems with applications to mathematical sciences and, in particular,mathematical biology, ecology, and epidemi ology. It includes four invited papers and eight contributed papers. Topics covered include: competitive exclusion through discrete time models, Benford solutions of linear differenceequations, chaos and wild chaos in Lorenz-type systems, advances in peri odic difference equations, the periodic decomposition problem, dynamic selection systems and replicator equations, and asymptotic equivalence of differenceequations in Banach Space. This book will appeal to researchers, scientists, and educators who work in the fields of difference equations, discrete time dynamical systems and their applications.
Contents:Papers by Invited Speakers: Competitive exclusion through discrete time models: Azmy S. Ackleh and Paul L. Salceanu
Benford solutions of linear difference equations: Arno Berger and Gideon Eshun
Harvesting and dynamics in some one
dimensional population models: Eduardo Liz and Frank M. Hilker
Chaos and wild chaos in Lorenz
type systems: Hinke M. Osinga, Bernd Krauskopf and Stefanie Hittmeyer
Contributed Papers: Almost automorphic sequences and their application to a model of cellular neural network: Syed Abbas
Advances in periodic difference equations with open problems: Ziyad A
ISBN:9783662441404
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v102
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional equations , Differentiable dynamical systems , Genetics Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783662436967:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Semigroups, Boundary Value Problems and Markov Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kazuaki Taira
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:A careful and accessible exposition of functional analytic methods in stochastic analysis is provided in this book. It focuses on the interrelationship between three subjects in analysis: Markov processes, semi groups and ellipticboundary value probl ems. The author studies a general class of elliptic boundary value problems for second-order, Waldenfels integro-differential operators in partial differential equations and proves that this class of ellipticboundary value problems provides a general clas s of Feller semigroups in functional analysis. As an application, the author constructs a general class of Markov processes in probability in which a Markovian particle moves both by jumpsand continuously in the state space until it 'dies' at the time whe n it reaches the set where the particle is definitely absorbed. Augmenting the 1st edition published in 2004, this edition includes four new chapters and eightre-worked and expanded chapters. It is amply illustrated and all chapters are rounded off with N otes and Comments where bibliographical references are primarily discussed. Thanks to the kind feedback from many readers, some errors inthe first edition have been corrected. In order to keep the book up-to-date, new references have been added to the bib liography. Researchers and graduate students interested in PDEs, functional analysis and probability will find thisvolume useful
Contents:1.Introduction and Main Results
Part I Elements of Analysis
2.Elements of Probability Theory
3.Elements of Functional Analysis
4.Theory of Semigroups
Part II Elements of Partial Differential Equations
5.Theory of Distributions
6.Sobolev and Besov Spaces
7.Theory of Pseudo
Differential Operators
8.Waldenfels Operators and Maximum Principles
Part III Markov Processes, Semigroups and Boundary Value problems
9.Markov Processes, Transition Functions and Feller Semigroups
10.Feller Semigroups and Elliptic Boundary Value Problems
11.Proof of Theorem 1.3
12.Ma
ISBN:9783662436967
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Monographs in Mathematics, 1439-7382
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Harmonic analysis , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642452017:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Physics in Particle Traps [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wolfgang Quint
Manuel Vogel
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume provides detailed insight into the field of precision spectroscopy and fundamental physics with particles confined in traps. It comprises experiments with electrons and positrons, protons and antiprotons, antimatterand highly charged ions , together with corresponding theoretical background. Such investigations represent stringent tests of quantum electrodynamics and the Standard model, antiparticle and antimatter research, test of fundamentalsymmetries, constants, and their possible varia tions with time and space. They are key to various aspects within metrology such as mass measurements and time standards, as well as promising to further developments in quantuminformation processing. The reader obtains a valuable source of information su ited for beginners and experts with an interest in fundamental studies using particle traps
Contents:Precise Matter and Antimatter Tests of the Standard Model with e
, e+, p, p and H(G. Gabrielse, S. Fogwell Hoogerheide, J. Dorr and E. Novitski)
Theory of Anomalous Magnetic Dipole Moments of the Electron (M. Hayakawa)
Magnetic Moment of the Bound Electron (M. Vogel and W. Quint)
QED Theory of the Bound
Electron Magnetic Moment (D.A. Glazov, A.V. Volotka, V.M. Shabaev, and G. Plunien)
The Magnetic Moments of the Proton and the Antiproton (S. Ulmer and C. Smorra)
Fundamental Physics with Antihydrogen (J.S. Hangst)
High
precision Mass Measurements of Radionuclides with Pennin
ISBN:9783642452017
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v256
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642450822:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Measure Theoretical Approach to Quantum Stochastic Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wilhelm Waldenfels
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph takes as starting point that abstract quantum stochastic processes can be understood as a quantum field theory in one space and in one time coordinate. As a result it is appropriate to represent operators as powerseries of creation and annihilation operators in normal-ordered form, which can be achieved using classical measure theory. Considering in detail four basic examples (e.g. a two-level atom coupled to a heat bath of oscillators), ineach case the Hamiltonian of the associated o ne-parameter strongly continuous group is determined and the spectral decomposition is explicitly calculated in the form of generalized eigen-vectors. Advanced topics include the theoryof the Hudson-Parthasarathy equation and the amplified oscillator pro blem. To that end, a chapter on white noise calculus has also been included
Contents:Weyl Algebras
Continuous Sets of Creation and Annihilation Operators
One
Parameter Groups
Four Explicitly Calculable One
Excitation Processes
White Noise Calculus
Circled Integrals
White Noise Integration
The Hudson
Parthasarathy Differential Equation
The Amplifies Oscillator
Approximation by Coloured Noise
Index
ISBN:9783642450822
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v878
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642405235:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Markov Processes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Daniel W Stroock
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides a rigorous but elementary introduction to the theory of Markov Processes on a countable state space. It should be accessible to students with a solid undergraduate background in mathematics, including studentsfrom engineering, econ omics, physics, and biology. Topics covered are: Doeblin's theory, general ergodic properties, and continuous time processes.Applications are dispersed throughout the book. In addition, a whole chapter isdevoted to reversible processes and the use of thei r associated Dirichlet forms to estimate the rate of convergence to equilibrium. These results are then applied to the analysis of the Metropolis (a.k.a simulated annealing) algorithm.The corrected and enlarged 2nd edition contains a new chapter in which the author develops computational methods for Markov chains on a finite state space. Most intriguing isthe section with a new technique for computing stationarymeasures, which is applied to derivations of Wilson's algorithm and Kirchoff's formula for span ning trees in a connected graph
Contents:Preface
Random Walks, a Good Place to Begin
Doeblin's Theory for Markov Chains
Stationary Probabilities
More about the Ergodic Theory of Markov Chains
Markov Processes in Continuous Time
Reversible Markov Processes
A minimal Introduction to Measure Theory
Notation
References
Index
ISBN:9783642405235
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Graduate Texts in Mathematics, 0072-5285 : v230
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differentiable dynamical systems , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642395963:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Black Hole Astrophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gustavo E Romero
Gabriela S Vila
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is based on the lecture notes of a one-semester course on black hole astrophysics given by the author and is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students with an interest in astrophysics. The material includedgoes beyond that found in classic textbooks and presents details on astrophysical manifestations of black holes. In particular, jet physics and detailed accounts of objects like microquasars, active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts,and ultra-luminous X-ray sources are covered , as well as advanced topics like black holes in alternative theories of gravity. The author avoids unnecessary technicalities and to some degree the book is self-contained. The reader willfind some basic general relativity tools in Chapter 1. The appendi ces provide some additional mathematical details that will be useful for further study, and a guide to the bibliography on the subject
Contents:Space
time and Gravitation
Black Holes
Black Hole Physics
Accretion onto Black Holes
Jets
Evidence for Black Holes
Wormholes and Exotic Objects
Black Holes and Cosmology
Topology and Manifolds
Selected and Annotated Bibliography
ISBN:9783642395963
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v876
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642390104:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Foundations in Movement Ecology [electronic resource] : Anomalous Diffusion, Front Propagation and Random Searches
Author(s): Vicen Mndez
Daniel Campos
Frederic Bartumeus
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents the fundamental theory for non-standard diffusion problems in movement ecology. Lvy processes and anomalous diffusion have shown to be both powerful and useful tools for qualitatively and quantitativelydescribing a wide variety of spatial population ecological phenomena and dynamics, such as invasion fronts and search strategies. Adopting a self-contained, textbook-style approach, the authors provide the elements of statisticalphysics and stochastic processes on which the modeling of movement ecology is based and systematically introduce the physical characterization of ecological processes at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels. The explicitdefinition of these levels and their interrelations is particularly suitable to coping with the broad spectrum of space and time scales involved in bio-ecological problems. Including numerous exercises (with solutions), this text isaimed at graduate students and newcomers in this field at the interface of theoretical ecology, ma thematical biology and physics
Contents:Elements of Probability Theory
Introduction to Stochastic Processes
Microscopic, Mesoscopic and Macroscopic Descriptions of Dispersal
Continuous
Time Random Walks and Anomalous Diffusion
Reaction
Dispersal Models and Front Propagation
Stochastic Optimal Foraging Theory
Cell Motion and Chemotaxis
Host
Pathogen Interactions
Biological Invasions
Random Search in Model Organisms
ISBN:9783642390104
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Synergetics, 0172-7389
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Genetics Mathematics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319067612:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relativity and Gravitation [electronic resource] : 100 Years after Einstein in Prague
Author(s): Ji Bik
Tom Ledvinka
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In early April 1911 Albert Einstein arrived in Prague to become full professor of theoretical physics at the German part of Charles University. It was there, for the first time, that he concentrated primarily on the problem ofgravitation. Before he l eft Prague in July 1912 he had submitted the paper Relativitt und Gravitation: Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham in which he remarkably anticipated what a future theory of gravity should looklike. At the occasion of the Einstein-in-Prague cente nary an international meeting was organized under a title inspired by Einstein's last paper from the Prague period: Relativity and Gravitation, 100 Years after Einstein inPrague. The main topics of the conference included: classical relativity, numerical relativity, relativistic astrophysics and cosmology, quantum gravity, experimental aspects of gravitation, and conceptual and historical issues. Theconference attracted over 200 scientists from 31 countries, among them a number of leading experts in the f ield of general relativity and its applications. This volume includes abstracts of the plenary talks and full texts ofcontributed talks and articles based on the posters presented at the conference. These describe primarily original results of the authors . Full texts of the plenary talks are included in the volume General Relativity, Cosmology andAstrophysics--Perspectives 100 Years after Einstein in Prague, eds. J. Bik and T. Ledvinka, published also by Springer Verlag
Contents:Abstracts of Plenary Talks
Part I Classical General Relativity
Exact Hairy Black Holes
Black Hole Formation from a Complete Past for the Einstein
Vlasov System
How to Measure Deviation from the Kerr Initial Data Recent Progress
Hidden Symmetries of the Dirac Equation in Curved Space
time
Geometrostatics: the Geometry of Static Space
times
The Gravitational Equation in Higher Dimensions
Geometric Inequalities for Black Holes
Scalar Fields on anti
de Sitter Background
Canonical Super energy Tensors in General Relativity: a Reappraisal
Einsteins Prague F
ISBN:9783319067612
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v157
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319057149:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Differential Equations, Backward SDEs, Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Etienne Pardoux
Aurel Rcanu
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This research monograph presents results to researchers in stochastic calculus, forward and backward stochastic differential equations, connections between diffusion processes and second order partial differential equations(PDEs), and financial mathe matics. It pays special attention to the relations between SDEs/BSDEs and second order PDEs under minimal regularity assumptions, and also extends those results to equations with multivalued coefficients. Theauthors present in particular the theory of ref lected SDEs in the above mentioned framework and include exercises at the end of each chapter. Stochastic calculus and stochastic differential equations (SDEs) were first introduced by K.It in the 1940s, in order to construct the path of diffusion process es (which are continuous time Markov processes with continuous trajectories taking their values in a finite dimensional vector space or manifold), which had beenstudied from a more analytic point of view by Kolmogorov in the 1930s. Since then, this topic has become an important subject of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, because of its mathematical richness and its importance forapplications in many areas of Physics, Biology, Economics and Finance, where random processes play an increasingly important role. One important aspect is the connection between diffusion processes and linear partial differentialequations of second order, which is in particular the basis for Monte Carlo numerical methods for linear PDEs. Since the pioneering work of Peng and P ardoux in the early 1990s, a new type of SDEs called backward stochastic differentialequations (BSDEs) has emerged. The two main reasons why this new class of equations is important are the connection between BSDEs and semilinear PDEs, and the fact that B SDEs constitute a natural generalization of the famous Black andScholes model from Mathematical Finance, and thus offer a natural mathematical framework for the formulation of many new models in Finan
Contents:Introduction
Background of Stochastic Analysis
Itos Stochastic Calculus
Stochastic Differential Equations
SDE with Multivalued Drift
Backward SDE
Annexes
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783319057149
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, 0172-4568 : v69
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319054469:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Perspectives in Computational Complexity [electronic resource] : The Somenath Biswas Anniversary Volume
Author(s): Manindra Agrawal
Vikraman Arvind
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book brings together contributions by leading researchers in computational complexity theory written in honor of Somenath Biswas on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. They discuss current trends and exciting developmentsin this flourishing a rea of research and offer fresh perspectives on various aspects of complexity theory. The topics covered include arithmetic circuit complexity, lower bounds and polynomial identity testing, the isomorphismconjecture, space-bounded computation, graph isomo rphism, resolution and proof complexity, entropy and randomness. Several chapters have a tutorial flavor. The aim is to make recent research in these topics accessible to graduatestudents and senior undergraduates in computer science and mathematics. It c an also be useful as a resource for teaching advanced level courses in computational complexity
Contents:Preface
1. Complexity Theory Basics: NP and NL (Vikraman Arvind)
2. Investigations Concerning the Structure of Complete Sets (Eric Allender)
3. Space Complexity of the Directed Reachability Problem Over Surface
embedded Graphs (N.V. Vinodchandran)
4. Algebraic Complexity Classes (Meena Mahajan)
5. A Selection of Lower Bound Results for Arithmetic Circuits (Neeraj Kayal and Ramprasad Saptharishi)
6. Explicit Tensors (Markus Blser)
7. Progress on Polynomial Identity Testing (Nitin Saxena)
8. Malod and the Pascaline (Bruno Poizat)
9. A Tutorial in Time and Space Bound
ISBN:9783319054469
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Progress in Computer Science and Applied Logic : v26
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319049120:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Frontiers and Challenges in Warm Dense Matter [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Graziani
Michael P Desjarlais
Ronald Redmer
Samuel B Trickey
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Warm Dense Matter (WDM) occupies a loosely defined region of phase space intermediate between solid, liquid, gas, and plasma, and typically shares characteristics of two or more of these phases. WDM is generally associated withthe combination of stro ngly coupled ions and moderately degenerate electrons, and careful attention to quantum physics and electronic structure is essential. The lack of a small perturbation parameter greatly limits approximateattempts at its accurate description. Since WDM res ides at the intersection of solid state and high energy density physics, many high energy density physics (HEDP) experiments pass through this difficult region of phase space. Thus,understanding and modeling WDM is key to the success of experiments on div erse facilities. These include the National Ignition Campaign centered on the National Ignition Facility (NIF), pulsed-power driven experiments on the Z machine,ion-beam-driven WDM experiments on the NDCX-II, and fundamental WDM research at the Linear Coh erent Light Source (LCLS). Warm Dense Matter is also ubiquitous in planetary science and astrophysics, particularly with respect tounresolved questions concerning the structure and age of the gas giants, the nature of exosolar planets, and the cosmochrono logy of white dwarf stars. In this book we explore established and promising approaches to the modeling of WDM,foundational issues concerning the correct theoretical description of WDM, and the challenging practical issues of numerically modeling strongly coupled systems with many degrees of freedom
Contents:Carsten A. Ullrich, Time
dependent density
functional theory: features and challenges, with a special view on matter under extreme conditions
Aurora Pribram
Jones, Stefano Pittalis, E.K.U. Gross, and Kieron Burke, Thermal Density Functional Theory in Context
Valentin V. Karasiev, Travis Sjostrom, Debajit Chakraborty, James W. Dufty, Keith Runge, Frank E. Harris, and S.B. Trickey, Innovations in Finite
Temperature Density Functionals
Hannes Schulz and Andreas Grling, Toward a comprehensive treatment of temperature in electronic structure calculations: Non
zero
temperature Hartree
Foc
ISBN:9783319049120
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v96
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319038957:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Systems Engineering, Systems Thinking, and Learning [electronic resource] : A Case Study in Space Industry
Author(s): Hubert Anton Moser
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book focuses on systems engineering, systems thinking, and how that thinking can be learned in practice. It describes a novel analytical framework based on activity theory for understanding how systems thinking evolves andhow it can be improved to support multidisciplinary teamwork in the context of system development and systems engineering. This method, developed using data collected over four years from three different small space systems engineeringorganizations, can be applied in a wide var iety of work activities in the context of engineering design and beyond in order to monitor and analyze multidisciplinary interactions in working teams over time. In addition, the bookpresents a practical strategy called WAVES (Work Activity for a Evoluti on of Systems engineering and thinking), which fosters the practical learning of systems thinking with the aim of improving process development in differentindustries. The book offers an excellent resource for researchers and practitioners interested in s ystems thinking and in solutions to support its evolution. Beyond its contribution to a better understanding of systems engineering,systems thinking and how it can be learned in real-world contexts, it also introduce a suitable analysis framework that hel ps to bridge the gap between the latest social science research and engineering research.
Contents:Part I Introduction of the research project
Part II Analysis and findings of the empirical studies
Part III Results, intervention, and contributions
ISBN:9783319038957
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Engineering design , Astronautics , Business planning , Applied psychology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319020907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Reduced Order Methods for Modeling and Computational Reduction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alfio Quarteroni
Gianluigi Rozza
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph addresses the state of the art of reduced order methods for modeling and computational reduction of complex parametrized systems, governed by ordinary and/or partial differential equations, with a special emphasison real time computing techniques and applications in computational mechanics, bioengineering and computer graphics. Several topics are covered, including: design, optimization, and control theory in real-time with applications inengineering data assimilation, geometry registr ation, and parameter estimation with special attention to real-time computing in biomedical engineering and computational physics real-time visualization of physics-based simulations incomputer science the treatment of high-dimensional problems in state s pace, physical space, or parameter space the interactions between different model reduction and dimensionality reduction approaches the development of generalerror estimation frameworks which take into account both model and discretization effects. This b ook is primarily addressed to computational scientists interested in computational reduction techniques for large scale differentialproblems
Contents:1 W. H. A. Schilders, A. Lutowska: A novel approach to model order reduction for coupled multiphysics problems
2 A. C. Ionita, A. C. Antoulas: Case study. Parametrized Reduction using Reduced
Basis and the Loewner Framework
3 M. Bebendorf, Y. Maday, B. Stamm: Comparison of some reduced representation approximations
4 H. Antil, M. Heinkenschloss, D. C. Sorensen: Application of the Discrete Empirical Interpolation Method to Reduced Order Modeling of Nonlinear and Parametric System
5 K. Urban, S. Volkwein, O. Zeeb: Greedy Sampling using Nonlinear Optimization
6 P. Benner, L. Feng:
ISBN:9783319020907
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:MS&A - Modeling, Simulation and Applications, 2037-5255 : v9
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Electronic data processing , Computer science Mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319019611:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Alien Encounter [electronic resource] : A Scientific Novel
Author(s): Dirk Schulze-Makuch
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:It has been nearly 100 years since the Apollo moon landings, when Jack and Vladimir, two astronauts on a mission to Venus, discover a mysterious void related to indigenous life on the planet. Subsequently more voids are detectedon Earth, Mars, Titan, and, quite ominously, inside a planetoid emerging from the Kuiper belt. Jack is sent to investigate the voids in the Solar System and intercept the planetoid - which, as becomes increasingly clear, is inhabitedby alien life forms. Jack and his crew will have little time to understand their alien biochemistry, abilities, behavior patterns, resilience, and technology, but also how these life forms relate to the voids. Humankind's firstencounter with these exotic life forms couldn't be more fateful, becomin g a race against time to save life on Earth and to reveal the true nature of the voids, which seem to be intrinsically related to life and the universe itself. Inthis novel, the author combines many topics related to state-of-the-art research in the field of astrobiology with fictional elements to produce a thrilling page turner. This new version significantly develops the astrobiologicaldenouement of the plot and features an extensive non-technical appendix where the underlying science is presented and d iscussed. From the reviews of the first edition (Voids of Eternity: Alien Encounter) Here's a thrilling yarn inthe best hard SF tradition of Asimov, James Hogan, and Ben Bova, written by a scientist who knows all about the possibilities of life in the so lar system and beyond. Dirk Schulze-Makuch weaves into his book all the astrobiologicalthemes he's worked on in recent years -- speculation about creatures in the atmosphere of Venus and on and under the surface of Mars and Titan -- together with some wel l-informed Eastern philosophy and a cracking good space battle. Agreat first novel from a rising talent. Highly recommended. David Darling, on amazon.com, 2009 The research interests of Dr. Schulz
Contents:Part I: The Novel
Alien Encounter
Part II: The Science Behind the Fiction
ISBN:9783319019611
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics , Astrobiology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319018874:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Essays on the Frontiers of Modern Astrophysics and Cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Santhosh Mathew
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a collection of engaging and intriguing essays that describe an intellectual journey from the beginning to the end of universe. It is the product of an ongoing effort to know our place in the universe and share withreaders the underpinni ngs of the magnificent cosmos where we are given a chance to exist only very briefly. The essays incorporate a group of challenging ideas that modern physics and cosmology are struggling to understand, in a uniqueway that incorporates mythological, religi ous, and philosophical perspectives. The author relies on a simple and powerful philosophy that we are part of the universe and the universe is part of us. This wonderful collection ofessays provides a journey through the current frontiers of modern astr ophysics and cosmology. Its depiction of the most important unsolved mysteries about our place in the Universe is peppered with original insights and philosophicalperspectives, making it an intellectual treat. Avi Loeb, Professor, Harvard University Chai r, Astronomy Department Director, Institute for Theory and Computation In these essays, Santhosh Mathew combines an impressive knowledgeof physics with an eye to its connection to Eastern philosophy as well as its relevance to our life in modern times. I n his thoughtful investigation of natural phenomena and their relationship to universal philosophical truths, hetakes up where The Tao of Physics leaves off. You may well find his keen curiosity about the natural world and our place in it infectious. Car ole Bugge (C. E. Lawrence), author of Strings In this informative assemblage ofengaging essays Santhosh Mathew takes the reader on a deeply human quest for truth, a truly inspiring journey that boldly addresses the big questions of what the Universe is, how it came into being, and where it may be heading. Thisexciting adventure is as much a rich scientific history of elegant physics, mathematics, and cosmology as it is a philosophical and
Contents:Genesis of Genesis
Parallel Universes
Once Upon a Time There Was No Time or Space
Whats the Matter with Anti
matter?
Playing with Light
Dark forces in the Universe
Is This Universe Infinite?
Holographic Universe Ultimate Illusion
Mind Over Matter
The Spooky World of Quantum Entanglement
Hadron Collider Passport to the Universe
Theory of Everything
Are We Alone?
The End of Everything
ISBN:9783319018874
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319016016:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations - ICOSAHOM 2012 [electronic resource] : Selected papers from the ICOSAHOM conference, June 25-29, 2012, Gammarth, Tunisia
Author(s): Mejdi Azaez
Henda El Fekih
Jan S Hesthaven
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The book contains a selection of high quality papers, chosen among the best presentations during the International Conference on Spectraland High-Order Methods (2012), and provides an overview of thedepth and breath of theactivities within this impor tant research area. The carefully reviewed selection of the papers will provide the reader with a snapshot of state-of-the-art and help initiate new research directions through the extensive bibliography.
Contents:A quasi
optimal sparse grids procedure for groundwater flows
The geometric basis of numerical methods
Spectral element methods on simplicial meshes
Exponential convergence of hp
DGFEM for elliptic problems in polyhedral domains
A contribution to the outflow boundary conditions for Navier
Stokes time
splitting methods
High order space
time discretization for elastic wave propagation problems
Laguerre Simulation of Boundary Layer Flows:Conditions at Large Distance from the Wall
Implementation of an Explicit AlgebraicReynolds Stress Model in an implicit very high
order Di
ISBN:9783319016016
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, 1439-7358 : v95
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer science , Differential equations, partial , Computer science Mathematics , Numerical analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319005997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity, Strings and Particles [electronic resource] : A Journey Into the Unknown
Author(s): Maurizio Gasperini
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:New fundamental forces of Nature? New forms of dark'' energy? Signals from epochs preceding the Big Bang? Is our space-time unique? Only a joint study of the three topics examined in this book gravity, strings and particles may provide answers to th ese questions. Such a study may also provide the key to solving one of the most fascinating mysteries of modern science, namely: Besides time and the three spatial dimensions, how many other dimensionsexist in our universe? The book is primarily addressed to readers who do not necessarily have a specific background in physics but are nevertheless interested in discovering the originality and the possible implications of some of theamazing ideas in modern theoretical physics. The emphasis is on conveying i deas rather than explaining formulas, focusing not on what is known but -- mainly -- on what is still unknown. Many parts of the book are devoted to fundamentaltheoretical models and results which are potentially highly relevant for a deeper understanding of Nature, but are still waiting to be confirmed (or disproved) by experiments. From this point of view, the material of this book mayalso be of interest to professional physicists, whether or not they work in the field of fundamental interactions
Contents:From the Contents: Prologue: inside the energy walls of our \cradle
Gravity at small distances
Gravity at large distances
Space, time and space
time
Strings and fundamental interactions
The past of our Universe
ISBN:9783319005997
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319003337:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Potential: Physics, Geometry and Algebra [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ignazio Licata
Davide Fiscaletti
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Recently the interest in Bohm realist interpretation of quantum mechanics has grown. The important advantage of this approach lies in the possibility to introduce non-locality ab initio, and not as an unexpected host. Inthis bookthe authors give a de tailed analysis of quantum potential, the non-locality term and its role in quantum cosmology and information. The different approaches to the quantum potential are analysed, starting from the originalattempt to introduce a realism of particles trajectori es (influenced by de Broglies pilot wave) to the recent dynamic interpretation provided by Goldstein, Durr, Tumulka and Zangh, and the geometrodynamic picture, with suggestionabout quantum gravity. Finally we focus on the algebraic reading of Hiley and Bi rkbeck school, that analyse the meaning of the non-local structure of the world, bringing important consequences for the space, time and informationconcepts
Contents:From the Contents: Quantum Potential
The Quantum Potential in Schrdinger Equation
The Pilot Wave Theory
Particles trajectories as the foundation of Bohms mechanics: the nutshell of Drr, Goldstein, Tumulka and Zangh
Non
Commutative Quantum Geometry and the Algebraic Approach to Non
Locality
Quantum potential in particle and field theory models
Klein Gordon Equation and Bertoldi
Faraggi
Matone Theory
The quantum potential in Bohms approach to the Dirac relativistic quantum mechanics
Quantum Potential in Curved Space Field Theory
ISBN:9783319003337
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319002279:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis and Geometry of Markov Diffusion Operators [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dominique Bakry
Ivan Gentil
Michel Ledoux
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The present volume is an extensive monograph on the analytic and geometric aspects of Markov diffusion operators. It focuses on the geometric curvature properties of the underlying structure in order to study convergence toequilibrium, spectral bound s, functional inequalities such as Poincar, Sobolev or logarithmic Sobolev inequalities, and various bounds on solutions of evolution equations. At the same time, it covers a large class of evolution andpartial differential equations. The book is intended to serve as an introduction to the subject and to be accessible for beginning and advanced scientists and non-specialists. Simultaneously, it covers a wide range of results andtechniques from the early developments in the mid-eighties to the latest achie vements. As such, students and researchers interested in the modern aspects of Markov diffusion operators and semigroups and their connections to analyticfunctional inequalities, probabilistic convergence to equilibrium and geometric curvature will find i t especially useful. Selected chapters can also be used for advanced courses on the topic
Contents:Introduction
Part I Markov semigroups, basics and examples: 1.Markov semigroups
2.Model examples
3.General setting
Part II Three model functional inequalities: 4.Poincar inequalities
5.Logarithmic Sobolev inequalities
6.Sobolev inequalities
Part III Related functional, isoperimetric and transportation inequalities: 7.Generalized functional inequalities
8.Capacity and isoperimetry
type inequalities
9.Optimal transportation and functional inequalities
Part IV Appendices: A.Semigroups of bounded operators on a Banach space
B.Elements of stochastic calculus
C
ISBN:9783319002279
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften, A Series of Comprehensive Studies in Mathematics, 0072-7830 : v348
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Functional analysis , Differential equations, partial , Global differential geometry , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493906185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Holy Sci-Fi! [electronic resource] : Where Science Fiction and Religion Intersect
Author(s): Paul J Nahin
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Can a computer have a soul? Are religion and science mutually exclusive?Is there really such a thing as free will?If you could time travel to visit Jesus, would you (and should you)?For hundreds of years, philosophers,scientists, and science fiction writers have pondered these questions and many more. In Holy Sci-Fi!, popular writer Paul Nahin explores the fertile and sometimes uneasy relationship between science fiction and religion. With a scopespanning the history of religion, philosophy, and lite rature, Nahin follows religious themes in science fiction from Feynman to Foucault, and from Asimov to Aristotle. An intriguing journey through popular and well-loved books andstories, Holy Sci-Fi! shows how sci-fi has informed humanity's attitudes toward s our faiths, our future, and ourselves
Contents:1. Introduction
Authors Note One
God and Skepticism
God, Fantasy, and Science Fiction
God and Science
Authors Note Two
2. Religious Science Fiction Before Science Fiction
The 'Start' of Modern SF
Before the 'Start' of SF
Early Theological SF
Theological Maturity
3. Time, Space, God's Omniscience, and Free Will
What is Time?
Time in SF and Theology
The Four
Dimensional World
The Block Universe
God's Omniscience in Theology and SF
4. Religious Robots
Alan Turing, Artificial Minds, and the Souls of Machines
Asimovs Robotic Laws
ISBN:9781493906185
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Philosophy , Science Philosophy , Technology Philosophy , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461487494:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Incoming Asteroid! [electronic resource] : What Could We Do About It?
Author(s): Duncan Lunan
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Lately there have been more and more news stories on objects from space such as asteroids, comets, and meteors whizzing past Earth. One even exploded in the atmosphere over a Russian city in 2012, causing real damage andinjuries. Impacts are not un common in our Solar System, even on Earth, and people are beginning to realize that we must prepare for such an event here on Earth. What if we knew there was going to be an impact in 10 years time?What could we do? Its not so far in the future that we c an ignore the threat, and not so soon that nothing could be done. The author and his colleagues set out to explore how they could turn aside a rock asteroid, one kilometer indiameter, within this 10-year timescale. Having set themselves this challenge, t hey identified the steps that might be taken, using technologies that are currently under development or proposed. They considered an unmanned mission,a follow-up manned mission, and a range of final options, along with ways to reduce the worst consequenc es for humanity if the impact cannot be prevented. With more warning, the techniques described could be adapted to deal withmore severe threats. If successful, they can generate the capability for a much expanded human presence in space thereafter. With the dangers now beginning to be recognized internationally and with major new programs already in motion,the prospects for civilization and humanity, in relation to the danger of impacts, look much more hopeful than they did only a decade ago
Contents:Is There a Danger?
A Designer Hazard
Detection and Reaction
Deflection
The First Scenario
Second Scenario
Manned Mission
Final Options
The Starseeds Grow
Keep Watching!
ISBN:9781461487494
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Planetology , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461478911:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring Science Through Science Fiction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Barry B Luokkala
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:How does Einsteins description of space and time compare with Dr. Who? Can James Bond really escape from an armor-plated railroad car by cutting through the floor with a laser concealed in a wristwatch? What would it take tocreate a fully-intelligent android, such as Star Treks Commander Data? How might we discover intelligent civilizations on other planets in the galaxy? Is human teleportation possible? Will our technological society ever reach thepoint at which it becomes lawful to discriminate on the basis of genetic information, as in the movie GATTACA? Exploring Science Through Science Fiction addresses these and other interesting questions, using science fiction as aspringboard for discussing fundamental science concepts and cutting-edge scienc e research. The book is designed as a primary text for a college-level course which should appeal to students in the fine arts and humanities as well as toscience and engineering students. It includes references to original research papers, landmark scien tific publications and technical documents, as well as a broad range of science literature at a more popular level. With over 180references to specific scenes in 130 sci-fi movies and TV episodes, spanning over 100 years of cinematic history, it should be an enjoyable read for anyone with an interest in science and science fiction
Contents:Preface
1 Introduction: Discerning the Real, the Possible and the Impossible
2 What is the Nature of Space and Time? (the physics of space travel and time travel)
3 What is the Universe Made of? (matter, energy and interactions)
4 Can a Machine Become Self Aware? (the sciences of computing and cognition)
5 Are We Alone in the Universe? (the search for extraterrestrial intelligence)
6 What does it Mean to be Human? (biological sciences, biotechnology and other considerations)
7 How do We Solve Our Problems? (science, technology and society)
8 What Lies Ahead? (the future
ISBN:9781461478911
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Science and Fiction, 2197-1188
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Astrophysics , Science (General) , Engineering , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461432784:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Partnership in Space [electronic resource] : The Mid to Late Nineties
Author(s): Ben Evans
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This latest entry in the History of Human Space Exploration miniseries by Ben Evans continues with an in-depth look at the mid to late Nineties. Picking up where Tragedy and Triumph in Orbit: The Eighties and Early Nineties leftoff, the story commemo rating the evolution of manned space exploration unfolds here in yet more detail. More than fifty years after Yuri Gagarins pioneering journey into space, Evans extends his comprehensive overview of how thatmomentous journey continued through the decades that followed. Partnership in Space, the fifth book in the series, explores the final years in which the United States and the Soviet Union which became the Commonwealth ofIndependent States in 1992 pursued human space endeavors independently of each o ther. The narrative follows the path taken by two old foes towards an unlikely and often controversial partnership. As the Shuttle program recoveredfrom the loss of Challenger and pursued ever loftier goals, including the ambitious repair of the Hubble S pace Telescope, Mir suffered from economic collapse and political neglect. Yet both Mir and the Shuttle formed a fertile groundupon which the seeds of what would become today's International Space Station were sown. Both nations acutely needed the suppor t of the other to achieve their goals. As political relations thawed between the two superpowers, a newrelationship was forged. This cooperation saw Russians flying aboard the Shuttle and Americans flying aboard Mir and became a partnership that endures t o this day.
Contents:A Stable Time
An Unstable Time
Hitting the Stride
Shuttle
Mir
Plans for the Future
ISBN:9781461432784
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Astrophysics , Astronomy , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642393631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stochastic Simulation and Monte Carlo Methods [electronic resource] : Mathematical Foundations of Stochastic Simulation
Author(s): Carl Graham
Denis Talay
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In various scientific and industrial fields, stochastic simulations are taking on a new importance. This is due to the increasing power of computers and practitioners aim to simulate more and more complex systems, and thus userandom parameters as wel l as random noises to model the parametric uncertainties and the lack of knowledge on the physics of these systems. The error analysis of these computations is a highly complex mathematical undertaking.Approaching these issues, the authors present stochas tic numerical methods and prove accurate convergence rate estimates in terms of their numerical parameters (number of simulations, time discretization steps). As a result, the bookis a self-contained and rigorous study of the numerical methods within a th eoretical framework. After briefly reviewing the basics, the authors first introduce fundamental notions in stochastic calculus and continuous-time martingaletheory, then develop the analysis of pure-jump Markov processes, Poisson processes, and stochasti c differential equations. In particular, they review the essential properties of It integrals and prove fundamental results on theprobabilistic analysis of parabolic partial differential equations. These results in turn provide the basis for developing st ochastic numerical methods, both from an algorithmic and theoretical point of view. The book combinesadvanced mathematical tools, theoretical analysis of stochastic numerical methods, and practical issues at a high level, so as to provide optimal results on the accuracy of Monte Carlo simulations of stochastic processes. It isintended for master and Ph.D. students in the field of stochastic processes and their numerical applications, as well as for physicists, biologists, economists and other professional s working with stochastic simulations, who willbenefit from the ability to reliably estimate and control the accuracy of their simulations.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I:Principles of Monte Carlo Methods
1.Introduction
2.Strong Law of Large Numbers and Monte Carlo Methods
3.Non Asymptotic Error Estimates for Monte Carlo Methods
Part II:Exact and Approximate Simulation of Markov Processes
4.Poisson Processes
5.Discrete
Space Markov Processes
6.Continuous
Space Markov Processes with Jumps
7.Discretization of Stochastic Differential Equations
Part III:Variance Reduction, Girsanovs Theorem, and Stochastic Algorithms
8.Variance Reduction and Stochastic Differential Equations
9.Stochastic Algorithms
References
Index
ISBN:9783642393631
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability, 0172-4568 : v68
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Finance , Numerical analysis , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642355127:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Long-Memory Processes [electronic resource] : Probabilistic Properties and Statistical Methods
Author(s): Jan Beran
Yuanhua Feng
Sucharita Ghosh
Rafal Kulik
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Long-memory processes are known to play an important part in many areas of science and technology, including physics, geophysics, hydrology, telecommunications, economics, finance, climatology, and network engineering. In the last20 years enormous pr ogress has been made in understanding the probabilistic foundations and statistical principles of such processes. This book provides a timely and comprehensive review, including a thorough discussion of mathematicaland probabilistic foundations and statis tical methods, emphasizing their practical motivation and mathematical justification. Proofs of the main theorems are provided and data examples illustrate practical aspects. This book will be avaluable resource for researchers and graduate students in st atistics, mathematics, econometrics and other quantitative areas, as well as for practitioners and applied researchers who need to analyze data in which long memory, powerlaws, self-similar scaling or fractal properties are relevant
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Definition of Long Memory
Origins and Generation of Long Memory
Mathematical Concepts
Limit Theorems
Statistical Inference for Stationary Processes
Statistical Inference for Nonlinear Processes
Statistical Inference for Nonstationary Processes
Forecasting
Spatial and Space
Time Processes
Resampling
Function Spaces
Regularly Varying Functions
Vague Convergence
Some Useful Integrals
Notation and Abbreviations
ISBN:9783642355127
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642345630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Florian Scheck
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Schecks Quantum Physics presents a comprehensive introductory treatment, ideally suited for a two-semester course. Part One covers the basic principles and prime applications of quantum mechanics, from the uncertaintyrelations to many-body systems. P art Two introduces to relativistic quantum field theory and ranges from symmetries in quantum physics to electroweak interactions. Numerous worked-out examples as well as exercises, with solutions orhints, enables the books use as an accompanying text for courses, and also for independent study. For both parts, the necessary mathematical framework is treated in adequate form and detail. The book ends with appendices coveringmathematical fundamentals and enrichment topics, plus selected biographical notes on pioneers of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The new edition was thoroughly revised and now includes new sections on quantization using thepath integral method and on deriving generalized path integrals for bosonic and fermionic fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Uncertainty Relation to Many
Body Systems
Quantum Mechanics of Point Particles
Scattering of Particles by Potentials
The Principles of Quantum Theory
Space
Time Symmetries in Quantum Physics
Applications of Quantum Mechanics
From Symmetries in Quantum Physics to Electroweak Interactions
Symmetries and Symmetry Groups in Quantum Physics
Quantized Fields and their Interpretation
Scattering Matrix and Observables in Scattering and Decays
Particles with Spin 1/2 and the Dirac Equation
Elements of Quantum Electrodynamics and Weak Interactions
ISBN:9783642345630
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642310607:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics: The Bottom-Up Approach [electronic resource] : From the Simple Two-Level System to Irreducible Representations
Author(s): Dirk Dubbers
Hans-Jrgen Stckmann
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This concise tutorial provides the bachelor student and the practitioner with a short text on quantum physics that allows them to understand a wealth of quantum phenomena based on a compact, well readable, yet still concise andaccurate description of nonrelativistic quantum theory. This quadrature of the circle is achieved by concentrating first on the simplest quantum system that still displays all basic features of quantum theory, namely, a systemwith only two quantized energy levels. For most read ers it is very helpful to understand such simple systems before slowly proceeding to more demanding topics like particle entanglement, quantum chaos, or the use of irreducibletensors. This tutorial does not intend to replace the standard textbooks on quan tum mechanics, but will help the average student to understand them, often for the first time
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Some simple two
level systems
Equations of motion
Manipulation of spins
Spooky action at a distance
Atomic two
level systems
Other two
level systems
Excursions in parameter space
ISBN:9783642310607
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics , Mechanics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642302534:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bayesian Hierarchical Space-Time Models with Application to Significant Wave Height [electronic resource]
Author(s): Erik Vanem
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an example of a thorough statistical treatment in space and time of ocean wave data. It is demonstrated how the flexible framework of Bayesian hierarchical space-time models can be applied to oceanographicprocesses such as signific ant wave height in order to describe dependence structures and uncertainties in the data. This monograph is a research book and it is in some sense cross-disciplinary. The methodology itself is firmly rootedin the statistical research tradition, based on probability theory and stochastic processes. However, the methodology has been applied to a problem within physical oceanography, analysing data for significant wave height, which are ofcrucial importance to ocean engineering disciplines. Indeed, the stat istical properties of significant wave height are important for the design, construction and operation of ships and other marine and coastal structures. Furthermore,the book addresses the question of whether climate change has an effect of the ocean wave climate, and if so what these effects might be. Thus, this book is an important contribution to the on-going debate on climate change, itsimplications and how to adapt to a changing climate, with a particular focus on the maritime industries and the marin e environment. This book should be of general interest to anyone with an interest in statistical modelling ofenvironmental processes, and in particular to those with a particular interest in the ocean wave climate. It is written on a level that should be understandable to everyone with a basic background in statistics or elementarymathematics, and an introduction to some basic concepts is given in appendices for the uninitiated reader. The intended readership incudes students and professionals involved in statistics, oceanography, ocean engineering,environmental research, climate sciences and risk assessment. Moreover, different stakeholders within the maritime industries such as design offices, classif
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acronyms
1.Introduction and Background
2.Literature Survey on StochasticWave Models
3.A Bayesian Hierarchical Space
Time Model for Significant Wave Height
4.Including a Log
Transform of the Data
6.Bayesian Hierarchical Modelling of the Ocean Windiness
7.Application: Impacts on Ship Structural Loads
8.Case study: Modelling the Effect of Climate Change on the Worlds Oceans
9.Summary and Conclusions
A.Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods
B.Extreme Value Modelling
C.Markov Random Fields
D.Derivation of the Full Conditionals of the Bayesian Hierarchical
ISBN:9783642302534
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Ocean Engineering & Oceanography, 2194-6396 : v2
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642302268:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Space-Time Reference Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Soffel
Ralf Langhans
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The high accuracy of modern astronomical spatial-temporal reference systems has made them considerably complex. This book offers a comprehensive overview of such systems. It begins with a discussion of The Problem of Time,including recent development s in the art of clock making (e.g., optical clocks) and various time scales. The authors address the definitions and realization of spatial coordinates by reference to remote celestial objects such asquasars. After an extensive treatment of classical equi nox-based coordinates, new paradigms for setting up a celestial reference system are introduced that no longer refer to the translational and rotational motion of the Earth. Therole of relativity in the definition and realization of such systems is clarif ied. The topics presented in this book are complemented by exercises (with solutions). The authors offer a series of files, written in Maple, a standardcomputer algebra system, to help readers get a feel for the various models and orders of magnitude. Bey ond astrometry, the main fields of application of high-precision astronomical spatial-temporal reference systems and frames arenavigation (GPS, interplanetary spacecraft navigation) and global geodynamics, which provide a high-precision Celestial Referenc e System and its link to any terrestrial spatial-temporal reference system. Mankinds urgentenvironmental questions can only be answered in the context of appropriate reference systems in which both aspects, space and time, are realized with a sufficiently high level of accuracy. This book addresses all those interested inhigh-precision reference systems and the various techniques (GPS, Very Long Baseline Interferometry, Satellite Laser Ranging, Lunar Laser Ranging) necessary for their realization, includi ng the production and dissemination of timesignals.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Symbols
Preface
1 Introduction
2 Time
3 Space
Time
4 Barycentric Dynamical Reference System
5 Classical Astronomical Coordinates
6 Astrometry
7 Celestial Reference System
8 Terrestrial Reference System
9 From the GCRS to the ITRS
10 Astronomical Software Yearbooks
11 Astronomical constants
References
List of acronyms
Appendix A: Solutions to Exercises
Appendix B: Description of the AstroRef Package
Index 304
ISBN:9783642302268
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642296307:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Stellar Pulsations [electronic resource] : Impact of New Instrumentation and New Insights
Author(s): J.C Surez
R Garrido
L. A Balona
J Christensen-Dalsgaard
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Analyses of photometric time series obtained from the MOST, CoRoT and Kepler space missions were presentedat the 20th conference on Stellar Pulsations (Granada, September 2011). These results are leading to a re-appraisal of ourviews on stellar pulsa tion in some stars and posing some new and unexpected challenges. The very important and exciting role played by innovative ground-based observational techniques, such as interferometric measurements of giantpulsating stars and high-resolution spectroscop y in the near infrared, is also discussed. These Proceedings are distinguished bythe format of the conference, which brings together a variety of related but different topics not foundin other meetings of this nature
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Oral Contributions
1 The poor agreement between observed & predicted frequencies
2 Giant Stars
3 New instrumentation from the ground & space
4 Mode identification
5 Oscillations versus activity plus planet transits
6 Early type stars. Oscillations versus other agents, mainly regular/rotational variations of B stars
7 Conference closing remarks
Part II Poster Contributions
8 List of poster contributions
ISBN:9783642296307
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591 : v31
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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