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Call number: | 9789811034183:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Higgs Potential and Naturalness After the Higgs Discovery |
Author(s): |
Yuta Hamada |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (X, 114 p. 36 illus., 34 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Bare Parameters at Cutoff Scale -- Higgs Inflation and Standard Model Criticality -- Naturalness Problem and Quantum Gravity -- Dark Matter and Higgs Potential -- Summary -- Appendix A - Convention -- Appendix B - |
Renormalization Group Equations -- Appendix C - Brief Review of Inflation -- Appendix D - Strong CP Problem -- Appendix E - Quantization of Majorana Field -- Appendix F - The Effect of the Principle Value | |
ISBN: | 9789811034183 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Astrophysics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Mathematical Physics |
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Call number: | 9783319442181:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Search for Dark Matter Produced in Association with a Higgs Boson Decaying to Two Bottom Quarks at ATLAS |
Author(s): |
Yangyang Cheng |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XV, 176 p. 67 illus., 63 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- The Standard Model and Beyond -- An Overview of Dark Matter -- The ATLAS Experiment at the Large Hadron Collider -- Dark Matter Searches at ATLAS -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Overview -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Z - |
2HDM Simplified Model -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Physics Objects -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Event Selection -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Background Processes -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Systematic Uncertainties -- Dark Matter + | |
Higgs( bb): Results -- Conclusion -- References. | |
ISBN: | 9783319442181 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Particle acceleration , Physics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory |
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Call number: | 9781608070480:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Discrete oscillator design |
Author(s): |
Randall W. Rhea |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Artech House |
Size: | 1 online resource (450 p.) |
Contents: | Chapter 1 Linear Techniques -- Open-Loop Method -- Match Requirements -- Aligning the Maximum Phase Slope -- Stable Amplifier -- Gain Peak at Phase Zero Intersection -- Moderate Gain -- Random Resonator and Amplifier Combination -- Naming Convention s -- Amplifiers for Sustaining Stages -- Bipolar Amplifier Configurations -- Stabilizing Bipolar Amplifiers -- Stabilized FET Amplifier Configurations -- Basic Common Emitter Amplifier -- Statistical Analysis of the Amplifier -- Amplifier with Resistive F eedback -- General-Purpose Resistive-Feedback Amplifier -- Transformer-Feedback Amplifiers -- Monolythic Microwave Integrated Circuit Amplifiers -- Differential Amplifiers -- Phase-Lead Compensation -- Resonators -- R-C Phase Shift Network -- Delay-Line P hase-Shift Network -- L-C Parallel and Series Resonators -- Loaded Q . Unloaded Q -- Resonator Loss -- Colpitts Resonator -- Resonator Coupling -- Matching with the Resonator -- Measuring the Unloaded Q -- Coupled Resonator Oscillator Example -- Resonator Summary -- One-Port Method -- Negative-Resistance Oscillators -- Negative-Conductance Oscillators -- Analyzing Existing Oscillators -- Optimizing the Design |
Chapter 2 Nonlinear Techniques -- Harmonic Balance -- Nonlinear Amplifiers -- Quiescent Current and Compression -- Impedance Shift -- Phase Shift -- Output Spectrum -- Time Domain Waveform -- Conversion Efficiency -- Operating Class -- Nonlinear Ope n-Loop Cascade -- Nonlinear HB Colpitts -- Closing the Loop and Excitation -- Harmonic Balance Colpitts Output Spectrum -- Excitation Current Versus Oscillator Parameters -- Nonlinear Negative-Resistance Oscillator -- Output Coupling -- Coupling Node -- L oad Pulling -- Loaded Q and Load Pulling -- Degree of Coupling -- Loaded Q and Coupling -- Coupling Reactance and Load Pulling -- Coupling Reactance and Harmonics -- Output Coupling Example 2 -- Passive Level Control -- Supply Pushing -- Spurious Modes -- Unstable Amplifiers -- Multiple Phase Zero Crossings -- Parametric Modes -- Multiple Resonance Modes -- Chapter 3 Transient Techniques -- Starting Modes -- Noise Mode of Starting -- Tansient Mode of Starting -- Time Constant of the Supply Step -- Simulat ion Techniques -- SPICE -- Cayenne -- Triggering -- Simulation Techniques for High Loaded Q -- Steady-State Oscillator Waveforms -- Clapp Oscillator Waveforms -- The Resonator Voltage -- Varactor Coupling -- Waveform Derived Output Spectrum | |
Chapter 4 Noise -- Vector Representation of the Oscillator Output -- Jitter -- The Output in the Frequency Domain -- SSB Phase Noise -- Residual FM and Residual PM -- Two-Port Noise -- Acoustic Disturbances -- Predicting Phase Noise -- Linear Time I nvariant Theory -- Extensions to LTI-Based Theory -- Linear Time Variant Theory -- Measuring Phase Noise -- Direct Method with a Spectrum Analyzer -- Selective Receiver Method -- Heterodyne/Counter Method -- Reference Oscillator Method -- Frequency Discri minator Method -- Example Phase-Noise Measurement System -- Designing for Low Phase Noise -- Estimating the Predominant Noise Source -- Reducing Leeson Noise -- Reducing Pushing Induced Noise -- Reducing Buffer Noise -- Reducing Varactor Modulation Noise -- PLL Noise -- Chapter 5 General-Purpose Oscillators -- Oscillators Without Resonators -- R-C Oscillators -- Wien Bridge -- Multivibrators -- Ring Oscillators -- Twin-T Oscillators -- L-C Oscillators -- Colpitts -- Clapp -- Seiler -- Hartley -- Pierce -- Coupled Series Resonator -- Rhea -- Coupled Parallel Resonator -- Gumm -- Oscillator Topology Selection | |
Chapter 6 Distributed Oscillators -- Resonator Technologies -- Lumped and Distributed Equivalents -- Quarter-Wavelength Resonators -- Ceramic-Loaded Coaxial Resonators -- Capacitor-Loaded Quarter-Wavelength Resonator -- Distributed Oscillator Exampl es -- Negative-Resistance Hybrid Oscillator -- Negative-Resistance High-Power 1 GHz Oscillator -- Quarter-Wavelength Hybrid Oscillator -- Simple Hybrid Coaxial Resonator MMIC -- Probe-Coupled Coaxial Resonator Bipolar -- End-Coupled Hybrid Half-Wavelength Bipolar -- Helical Transmission Line Resonator Bipolar -- DRO Oscillators -- Dielectric Resonator Basic Properties -- Dielectric Resonator Resonant Frequency -- Dielectric Resonator Unloaded Q -- Dielectric Resonator Coupling -- Chapter 7 Tuned Oscillato rs -- Resonator Tuning Bandwidth -- Resonator Voltage -- Permeability Tuning -- Tunable Oscillator Examples -- Permeability Tuned Colpitts JFET -- Vackar JFET VCO -- Hybrid Negative Resistance VCO -- Capacitor-Transformed Negative-Resistance VCO -- Negati ve-Resistance VCO with Transformer -- Negative-Conductance VCO -- Hybrid Coaxial Resonator MMIC -- Loaded Quarter-Wavelength MMIC -- Seiler Coaxial-Resonator CC VCO -- YIG Oscillators | |
Chapter 8 Piezoelectric Oscillators -- Bulk Quartz Resonators -- Quartz Blank Cuts -- Crystal Resonator Model -- Calculating Crystal Resonator Parameters -- Crystal Resonator Frequency Pulling -- Inverted-Mesa Crystal Resonators -- Crystal Oscillato r Operating Mode -- Crystal Oscillator Frequency Accuracy -- Temperature Effects on Crystal Oscillators -- Crystal Resonator Drive Level -- Crystal Resonator Spurious Modes -- Crystal Resonator Aging -- Crystal Resonator Noise -- Crystal Resonator Acceler ation Effects -- Crystal Resonator Standard Holders -- Fundamental Mode Crystal Oscillators -- Miller JFET Crystal -- Colpitts Bipolar Crystal -- Colpitts JFET Crystal -- Pierce Bipolar Crystal -- Pierce MMIC Crystal -- Pierce Inverter TTL Crystal -- Pier ce Inverter CMOS Crystal -- Butler Dual Bipolar Crystal -- Driscoll Bipolar Crystal -- Inverted-Mesa Pierce Bipolar Crystal -- Overtone Mode Crystal Oscillators -- Colpitts Overtone Bipolar Crystal -- CB Butler Overtone Bipolar Crystal -- CC Butler Overt one Bipolar Crystal -- Oscillator with Frequency Multiplier -- Crystal Oscillator Starting -- Surface Acoustic Wave Resonators -- SAW Resonator Models -- SAW Resonator Frequency Stability -- SAW Oscillators -- SAW 1-Port Colpitts Bipolar -- SAW 1-Port But ler Bipolar -- SAW 2-Port Pierce MMIC -- Piezoelectric Ceramic Resonators -- Ceramic Resonator Models -- Ceramic Resonator Accuracy and Stability -- Ceramic Resonator Oscillators -- MEMS and FBAR Resonators | |
ISBN: | 9781608070473 |
Series: | Artech house microwave library |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Artech eBooks |
Keywords: | Harmonic oscillators, Design. , Oscillators, Electric, Design. |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 9781420064711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Neutrino physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kai Zuber |
Date: | 2012 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. |
Publisher: | Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press |
Size: | 1 online resource (448 p.) |
Contents: | 1. Important historical experiments -- 2. Properties of neutrinos -- 3. The standard model of particle physics -- 4. Neutrinos as a probe of nuclear structure -- 5. Neutrino masses and physics beyond the standard model -- 6. Direct neutrino mass searches -- 7. Double decay -- 8. Neutrino oscillations -- 9. Atmospheric neutrinos -- 10. Solar neutrinos -- 11. Neutrinos from supernovae -- 12. Ultra-high energetic cosmic neutrinos -- 13. Neutrinos in cosmology -- 14. Summary and outlook |
ISBN: | 9781420064711 |
Series: | CRCnetBASE eBook platform |
Series: | eBooks single |
Series: | Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation |
Keywords: | Neutrinos |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 9780511809040:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to high energy physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Donald H. Perkins |
Date: | 2000 |
Edition: | 4th ed. |
Publisher: | New York : Cambridge University Press |
Size: | 1 online resource (353 p.) 4 concurrent users |
Contents: | Quarks and leptons -- Interactions and fields -- Invariance principles and conservation laws -- Quarks in hadrons -- Lepton and quark scattering -- Quark interactions and QCD -- Weak interactions -- Electroweak interactions and the standard model -- Physics beyond the standard model -- Particle physics and cosmology -- Experimental methods. |
ISBN: | 9780521621960 |
Series: | Cambridge Books Online |
Series: | eBooks single |
Keywords: | Particles (Nuclear physics) |
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Call number: | 9780511471094:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Rise of the standard model: Particle Physics in the 1960x and 1970s |
Author(s): |
Lillian Hoddeson (ed.) Laurie Brown (ed.) Michael Riordan (ed.) Max Dresden (ed.) |
Date: | 1997 |
Publisher: | Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK |
Size: | 1 online resource (748 p.) |
ISBN: | 9780511471094 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Cambridge Books Online |
Keywords: | Standard model (Nuclear physics),History. , Particles (Nuclear physics), History. |
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Call number: | 9780191523229:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics [electronic resource]. |
Author(s): |
Carlo. Giunti Chung W. Kim |
Date: | 2007 |
Publisher: | Oxford: Oxford University Press |
Size: | 1 online resource (727 pages) |
Contents: | 1 Historical introduction 2 Quantized Dirac fields 3 The Standard Model 4 Three-generation mixing 5 Neutrino interactions 6 Massive neutrinos 7 Neutrino oscillations in vacuum 8 Theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum 9 Neutrino oscillations in matter 10 Solar neutrinos 11 Atmospheric neutrinos 12 Terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments 13 Phenomenology of three-neutrino mixing 14 Direct measurements of neutrino mass 15 Supernova neutrinos 16 Cosmology 17 Relic neutrinos Append ices Bibliography Index. |
ISBN: | 9780191523229 |
Series: | EBL eBook |
Series: | eBooks |
Keywords: | Neutrinos. , Neutrino astrophysics. |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 3527411771:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Beyond the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics |
Author(s): |
Nagashima |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Wiley-VCH |
Size: | 1 online resource (657 p.) |
ISBN: | 9783527411771 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Physics |
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Call number: | 3527409661:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Elementary Particle Physics Volume 2 - Foundationsof the Standard Model |
Author(s): |
Nagashima |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Wiley-VCH |
Size: | 1 online resource (647 p.) |
ISBN: | 9783527409662 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Wiley Online Library |
Series: | Wiley 2016 package purchase |
Keywords: | Physics |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 10190024::ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Modern cosmology [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Scott. Dodelson |
Date: | 2003 |
Publisher: | San Diego, Calif. : Academic Press |
Size: | 1 online resource, (440 p.) |
Contents: | Chapter 1. The Standard Model and Beyond, Chapter 2. The Smooth, Expanding Universe, Chapter 3. Beyond Equilibrium, Chapter 4. The Boltzmann Equations, Chapter 5. Einstein Equations, Chapter 6. Initial Conditions, Chapter 7. Inhomogeneities, Chapter 8. Anisotropies, Chapter 9. Probes of Inhomogeneities, Chapter 10. Weak Lensing and Polarization, Chapter 11. Analysis |
ISBN: | 9780122191411 |
Series: | ebrary eBook |
Series: | eBooks |
Keywords: | Cosmology |
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Call number: | THESIS-PHILIPSEN Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Baryon Number Violation in the Symmetric Phase of the Standard Model (Baryonzahlverletzung in der Symmetrischen Phase des Standardmodells) |
Author(s): |
Owe Philipsen |
Date: | 1994 |
Edition: | PhD Thesis |
Size: | 84 pgs. |
Keywords: | thesis |
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Location: | THESES |
Report-number: | DESY-T-94-03 |
Call number: | TA345.O94::1997 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | STEP : an introduction |
Author(s): |
Jon Owen |
Date: | 1997 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. |
Publisher: | Winchester, England : Information Geometers |
Size: | 203 p. |
Note: | STEP means STandard for the Exchange of Product model data |
Contents: | The background to STEP -- The requirements of STEP -- The origins of STEP -- The document structure of STEP -- Description methods -- Integrated resources -- Application protocols -- Application interpreted constructs -- Implementation methods -- Abstract test suites -- Conformance testing methodology and framework -- The architecture of STEP -- The problems with STEP -- The present and future use of STEP -- Abbreviations --ISO structure and development procedure -- Standards bodies -- Integrated resources : EXPRESS-G diagrams |
ISBN: | 9781874728115 |
Keywords: | Computer-aided engineering , CAD/CAM systems , Computer simulation |
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Location: | MAIN |
Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783662480786:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to Particle Cosmology The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems |
Author(s): |
Cosimo Bambi |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (21 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-662-48078-6 |
Contents: | Introduction -- The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- General Relativity -- Cosmological Models -- Thermodynamics of the Early Universe -- Inflation -- Baryogenesis -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis -- Dark Matter (DM) -- Cosmic |
Microwave Background Radiation -- Large Scale Structures -- Dark Energy | |
ISBN: | 9783662480786 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319410456:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Search for Dark Matter with ATLAS Using Events with a Highly Energetic Jet and Missing Transverse Momentum in Proton-Proton Collisions at √s = 8 TeV |
Author(s): |
Ruth Pöttgen |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (124 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-41045-6 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Theory and Motivation -- The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- Dark Matter -- Proton-Proton Collisions -- Mono-Jet Events as Dark Matter Signature at Colliders -- Large Hadron Collider -- The ATLAS Experiment -- |
Operation of the Central Trigger during run-I -- Upgrade of the Central Trigger -- Analysis Strategy -- Data and Simulated Samples -- Physics Objects Deﬁnitions -- Event Selection -- Background Estimation -- Results and Interpretation | |
-- Prospects with Future LHC Data Conclusion. | |
ISBN: | 9783319410456 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Cosmology , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319247984:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Supersymmetry and Noncommutative Geometry |
Author(s): |
Wim Beenakker |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (15 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-24798-4 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Supersymmetry -- Noncommutative geometry -- Supersymmetric almost-commutative geometries -- Noncommutative geometry and R-parity -- Supersymmetric spectral triples -- Conditions for a supersymmetric spectral action -- |
Summary and conclusions -- Appendix 1. The action from a building block of the third type -- Appendix 2. Supersymmetric spectral actions: Proofs -- Appendix 3. Auxiliary lemmas and identities -- Supersymmetry breaking -- Soft | |
supersymmetry breaking -- Soft supersymmetry breaking terms from the spectral action -- Summary and conclusions -- The noncommutative supersymmetric Standard Model -- Obstructions for a supersymmetric theory -- The building blocks of | |
the MSSM -- Identification of particles and sparticles | |
ISBN: | 9783319247984 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics: 9 |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Mathematical Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319222288:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Constraining Supersymmetric Models Using Higgs Physics, Precision Observables and Direct Searches |
Author(s): |
Lisa Zeune |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (36 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-22228-8 |
Contents: | Introduction -- The Standard Model and supersymmetric extensions of it -- Perturbative calculations -- Experimental status -- The W boson mass in the SM, the MSSM and the NMSSM -- The diphoton decay channel in the MSSM and the NMSSM |
-- Fitting the MSSM to the observed Higgs signal -- Constraining SUSY scenarios using simplified models -- Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9783319222288 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319222134:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Study of Double Parton Scattering Using Four-Jet Scenarios in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrt s = 7 TeV with the CMS Experiment at the LHC |
Author(s): |
Paolo Gunnellini |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (55 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-22213-4 |
Contents: | The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- A Hadronic Collision -- The CERN Large Hadron Collider and the Compact Muon Solenoid Experiment -- Event Simulation -- Event Reconstruction -- Event Selection -- Study of Detector Effects -- |
Data Unfolding -- Systematic Uncertainties -- Cross Section Measurement of the 4j and 2b2j Channels and Comparisons with Predictions -- Extraction of the DPS Contribution -- Summary and Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9783319222134 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319218823:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Intrinsic Bispectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background |
Author(s): |
Guido Walter Pettinari |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (19 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-21882-3 |
Contents: | Introduction -- The Standard Model of Cosmology -- Perturbation Theory -- The Boltzmann Equation -- Evolution of the Second-Order Perturbations -- The Intrinsic Bispectrum of the CMB -- Conclusions -- Appendix A: Projection on the |
Sphere -- Appendix B: Geometry of the Wavemodes | |
ISBN: | 9783319218823 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Cosmology , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319202242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Gravity: Where Do We Stand? |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (103 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-20224-2 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Gravity: Newtonian, post-Newtonian and General Relativistic -- Newtonian Gravity and its classical tests (Equivalence Principle, Measure of G, 1/r2 dependence) -- Gravitational Tests with Interplanetary Probes -- |
Probing gravity with second generation lunar laser ranging -- Fundamental physics with the LAGEOS satellites -- The role of binary pulsars in testing Gravity Theories -- Gravitational waves: theory, sources, detectors -- Possible low | |
energy manifestations of strings and gravity -- Effective Field Theories with Lorentz Violations and their observational constraints -- Search for generic violations of Lorentz invariance in the Standard Model Extension formalism -- | |
The MOND-TeVeS theory and the lensing results from the Bullet Cluster | |
ISBN: | 9783319202242 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319202211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Hadron Structure in Electroweak Precision Measurements |
Author(s): |
Nathan L Hall |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (29 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-20221-1 |
Contents: | Introduction -- The Standard Model and beyond -- Precision tests of the SM -- Structure functions -- Adelaide-Jefferson Lab-Manitoba model -- The γZ box corrections -- Electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the proton -- |
Quark-hadron duality -- Summary and conclusion | |
ISBN: | 9783319202211 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9788132217862:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Optimal Mixture Experiments [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
B.K Sinha N.K Mandal Manisha Pal P Das |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New Delhi : Springer India : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The book dwells mainly on the optimality aspects of mixture designs. As mixture models are a special case of regression models, a general discussion on regression designs has been presented, which includes topics like continuousdesigns, de la Garza p henomenon, Loewner order domination, Equivalence theorems for different optimality criteria and standard optimality results for single variable polynomial regression and multivariate linear and quadraticregression models. This is followed by a review of t he available literature on estimation of parameters in mixture models. Based on recent research findings, the volume also introduces optimal mixture designs for estimation of optimummixing proportions in different mixture models, which include Scheffs qua dratic model, Darroch-Waller model, log- contrast model, mixture-amount models, random coefficient models and multi-response model. Robust mixture designsand mixture designs in blocks have been also reviewed. Moreover, some applications of mixture designs in areas like agriculture, pharmaceutics and food and beverages have been presented. Familiarity with the basic concepts of designand analysis of experiments, along with the concept of optimality criteria are desirable prerequisites for a clear understan ding of the book. It is likely to be helpful to both theoreticians and practitioners working in the area ofmixture experiments |
Contents: | Chapter 1. Mixture Models and Mixture Designs: Scope of the Monograph |
Chapter 2. Optimal Regression Designs | |
Chapter 3. Parameter Estimation in Linear and Quadratic Mixture Models | |
Chapter 4. Optimal Mixture Designs for Estimation of Natural Parameters in Scheffs Model | |
Chapter 5. Optimal Mixture Designs for Estimation of Natural Parameters in Scheffs Model under Constrained Factor Space | |
Chapter 6. Optimal Mixture Designs for Estimation of Natural Parameters in Other Mixture Models | |
Chapter 7. Optimal Designs for Estimation of Optimum Mixture in Scheffs Quadratic M | |
ISBN: | 9788132217862 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Statistics, 0930-0325 : v1028 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Mathematical optimization , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9784431545446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Analysis of the Electric Dipole Moment in the R-parity Violating Supersymmetric Standard Model [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Nodoka Yamanaka |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | In this thesis the author discusses the phenomenology of supersymmetric models by means of experimental data set analysis of the electric dipole moment. There is an evaluation of the elementary processes contributing to theelectric dipole moments wit hin R-parity-violating supersymmetry, which call for higher-order perturbative computations. A new method based on linear programming is developed and for the first time the non-trivial parameter space ofR-parity violation respecting the constraints from existing experimental data of the electric dipole moment is revealed. As well, the impressive efficiency of the new method in scanning the parameter space of the R-parity-violatingsector is effectively demonstrated. This new method makes it possible to ex tract from the experimental data a more reliable constraint on the R-parity violation |
Contents: | Introduction |
The Supersymmetry | |
Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model | |
R | |
parity Violation and Phenomenological Constraints | |
Backgrounds and Motivations for EDM Search | |
Hadron Level Calculation | |
Nuclear Level Calculation | |
Atomic Level Calculation | |
EDM in the Standard Model | |
Constraints on Supersymmetric Models from Electric Dipole Moments | |
Leading RPV Contributions to the EDM Observables | |
Classification of RPV Couplings and RPV Dependence to EDM Observables | |
Reappraisal of Constraints on R | |
parity Violation from EDM at the Leading Order | |
Analysis of the Maximal CP Viol | |
ISBN: | 9784431545446 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783662441725:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Supersymmetry After the Higgs Discovery [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ignatios Antoniadis Dumitru Ghilencea |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Supersymmetry (SUSY) is a new symmetry that relates bosons and fermions, which has strong support at both the mathematical and the physical level. This book offers a comprehensive review, following the development of SUSY from itsvery early days up t o present. The order of the contributions should provide the reader with the historical development as well as the latest theoretical updates and interpretations, and experimental constraints from particleaccelerators and dark matter searches. It is a gre at pleasure to bring together here contributions from authors who initiated or have contributed significantly to the development of this theory over so many years. To present a balancedpoint of view, the book also includes a closing contribution that atte mpts to describe the physics beyond the Standard Model in the absence of SUSY. The contributions to this book have been previously published in The EuropeanPhysical Journal C - Particles and Fields |
Contents: | P. Ramond, SUSY: the early years (19661976) |
P. Fayet, The Supersymmetric Standard Model | |
I. Melzer | |
Pellmann (CMS), P. Pralavorio (ATLAS), Lessons for SUSY from the LHC after the first run | |
J. Ellis, Supersymmetric fits after the Higgs discovery and implications for model building | |
A. Djouadi, Implications of the Higgs discovery for the MSSM | |
G. G. Ross, SUSY: Quo Vadis? | |
R. Catena, L. Covi, SUSY dark matter(s) | |
H. P. Nilles, The strings connection: MSSM | |
like models from strings | |
B. Bellazzini, C. Cski, J. Serra, Composit | |
ISBN: | 9783662441725 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642452017:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Fundamental Physics in Particle Traps [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Wolfgang Quint Manuel Vogel |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This volume provides detailed insight into the field of precision spectroscopy and fundamental physics with particles confined in traps. It comprises experiments with electrons and positrons, protons and antiprotons, antimatterand highly charged ions , together with corresponding theoretical background. Such investigations represent stringent tests of quantum electrodynamics and the Standard model, antiparticle and antimatter research, test of fundamentalsymmetries, constants, and their possible varia tions with time and space. They are key to various aspects within metrology such as mass measurements and time standards, as well as promising to further developments in quantuminformation processing. The reader obtains a valuable source of information su ited for beginners and experts with an interest in fundamental studies using particle traps |
Contents: | Precise Matter and Antimatter Tests of the Standard Model with e |
, e+, p, p and H(G. Gabrielse, S. Fogwell Hoogerheide, J. Dorr and E. Novitski) | |
Theory of Anomalous Magnetic Dipole Moments of the Electron (M. Hayakawa) | |
Magnetic Moment of the Bound Electron (M. Vogel and W. Quint) | |
QED Theory of the Bound | |
Electron Magnetic Moment (D.A. Glazov, A.V. Volotka, V.M. Shabaev, and G. Plunien) | |
The Magnetic Moments of the Proton and the Antiproton (S. Ulmer and C. Smorra) | |
Fundamental Physics with Antihydrogen (J.S. Hangst) | |
High | |
precision Mass Measurements of Radionuclides with Pennin | |
ISBN: | 9783642452017 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v256 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319077468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Large Scale Structures [electronic resource] : A Window on the Dark Components of the Universe |
Author(s): |
Stphane Ili |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Dark Energy and Dark Matter are among the greatest mysteries in modern cosmology. The present work explores in depth how large cosmic structures can help us unveil the nature of these components of the Universe. One the one hand,it focuses on a signa ture that Dark Energy imprints on the Cosmic Microwave Background through its impact on the time-evolution of gravitational potentials: the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (iSW) effect. Another cosmological background, theCosmic Infrared Background, is considered for the first time in the study of the iSW effect and demonstrated to be a highly efficient and promising tracer. Changing the perspective on the problem, the use of superstructures for iSWdetection is then extensively reviewed: using precise solutions to Einsteins general relativity equations, the full iSW effect is computed, especially due to the cosmic voids predicted by the theory. Using measurements from the mostrecent data, it is subsequently shown how the iSW probes the solidity of the cosmological standard model. On the topic of Dark Matter, an original study is presented, showing that temperature measurements of the intergalactic mediumshed light on the nature of Dark Matter particles, providing the tightest constraints on their decay properties |
Contents: | Introduction: The Ingredients of a Good Cosmological Probe |
Unravelling the iSW Effect Through the Matter Distribution | |
The Impact of Identified Superstructures in the CMB | |
Towards a Full Modelling of the iSW effect | |
Studying Dark Matter Through the Lens of Reionisation | |
Conclusions & Perspectives | |
ISBN: | 9783319077468 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319071916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Third generation SUSY and tt +Z production [electronic resource] : Searches using the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider |
Author(s): |
Josh McFayden |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This thesis describes searches for new particles predicted by the supersymmetry (SUSY) theory, a theory extending beyond the current Standard Model of particle physics, using the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider.The thesis focuses on searches for stop and sbottom squarks, the SUSY partners of the top and bottom quarks, which are expected to be lighter than the partners of the first and second generation quarks and therefore good candidates forthe first evidence of SUSY. It describes n ovel techniques for estimating and rejecting the Standard-Model backgrounds to searches for these particles. It also includes an independent analysis seeking to constrain the Standard ModelttZ background process, which also represents the first ATLAS sear ch for this rare process at the LHC. The stop squark analysis described, with substantial leading contributions from the author, is the first search for these particlesat the LHC to use the jets plus missing transverse energy plus 0-lepton signature and p rovides the world's best limits on the stop mass for light neutralino LSPs. All in all, the thesis describes three different world-leading analysesin both Standard Model and SUSY physics and therefore represents a major contribution to the field |
Contents: | Introduction and Theoretical Background |
The LHC and ATLAS Detector | |
Analysis Tools | |
Trigger | |
Search for tt+Z Production | |
Third Generation SUSY Searches | |
Search for Direct sbottom Pair Production | |
Search for Direct Stop Pair Production | |
Summary | |
ISBN: | 9783319071916 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319071367:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Cross-Section from Heavy-Flavour Decays and Search for Compressed Supersymmetric Scenarios with the ATLAS Experiment [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Moritz Backes |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The first part of this thesis presents the measurement of the inclusive cross-section for electron production from heavy-flavour decays in the electron transverse momentum range 7 GeV < pT < 26 GeV using 1.3 pb1 of 7 TeVproton-proton collision data c ollected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in 2010. The measured value of the cross-section within the fiducial range of the analysis is _e^HF = 0.946 0.020(stat.) 0.146(syst.) 0.032(lumi.) b. Theoretical predictions are in good agree ment with the measurement. The second part of this thesis is a search for compressed supersymmetric scenarios in events with missing transverse energy, jets, and oneisolated low-pT lepton in the final state using 4.7 fb-1 of ATLAS data collected at 7 TeV center-of-mass energy in 2011. No significant excess of events over the Standard Model expectation is observed and exclusion limits are derivedfor a number of supersymmetric models |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
Experimental Setup | |
Data Acquisition and Data Processing | |
Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Cross | |
Section from Heavy | |
Flavour Decays with 2010 Data | |
Search for Compressed Supersymmetry with 2011 Data | |
ISBN: | 9783319071367 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319070735:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Electroweak Symmetry Breaking [electronic resource] : By Dynamically Generated Masses of Quarks and Leptons |
Author(s): |
Mgr.Adam Smetana |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | With this thesis the author contributes to the development of a nonmainstream but long-standing approach to electroweak symmetry breaking based on an analogy with superconductivity. Electroweak symmetry breaking is assumed to becaused by dynamically generated masses of typical fermions, i.e., of quarks and leptons, which in turn assumes a new dynamics between quarks and leptons. Primarily it is designed to generate fermion masses, and electroweak symmetrybreaking is an automatic consequence.. the sum mary of the topic, the first main part of the thesis addresses the question as to whether the masses of known quarks and leptons provide sufficiently strong sources of electroweak symmetrybreaking. It is demonstrated that neutrino masses subject to the se esaw mechanism are indispensable ingredients. The other two parts of the thesis are dedicated to the presentation of two particular models: The first model is based onthe new strong Yukawa dynamics and serves as a platform for studying the ability to repr oduce fermion masses. The second, more realistic model introduces a flavor gauge dynamics and its phenomenological consequences are studied.Although interest in this type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of the Standard -Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in this type of model has waxed and wanedover the years, following the discovery of the Standard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in th is type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of theStandard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance |
Contents: | Dynamical Electroweak Symmetry Breaking |
Top | |
Quark and Neutrino Condensation | |
Model of Strong Yukawa Dynamics | |
Model of Flavor Gauge Dynamics | |
ISBN: | 9783319070735 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematical physics , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319070674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Searches for CP Violation in Charmed Meson Decays [electronic resource] : A Study of D+ K - K+ + at the LHCb Experiment / by Hamish Gordon |
Author(s): |
Hamish Gordon |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Our current understanding of the fundamental building blocks of the Universe, summarised by the Standard Model of particle physics, is incomplete. For example, it fails to explain why we do not see equal, or almost equal, numbersof particles and thei r antiparticle partners. To explain this asymmetry requires, among other effects, a mechanism known as charge-parity (CP) violation that causes differences between the rates at which particles and antiparticlesdecay. CP violation is seen in systems contai ning bottom and strange quarks, but not in those with up, charm or top quarks. This thesis describes searches for particle-antiparticle asymmetries in the decay rates of charmed mesons. Noevidence of CP violation is found. With current sensitivities, an a symmetry large enough to observe probably could not be explained by the Standard Model. Instead an explanation could come from new physics, for example contributionsfrom supersymmetric or other undiscovered heavy particles. In the thesis, the development of new techniques to search for these asymmetries is described. They are applied to data from the LHCb experiment at CERN to make precisemeasurements of asymmetries in the D^+->K^-K^+pi^+ decay channel. This is the most promising charged D decay for CP vi olation searches |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
The LHCb Detector | |
Search for CP Violation in D^+ | |
>K^ | |
K^+pi^ Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2010 | |
Search for CP Violation in D+ ! + Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2011 | |
Conclusions and Outlook | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783319070674 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Title: | Accurate Calibration of Raman Systems [electronic resource] : At the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino Experiment |
Author(s): |
Magnus Schlsser |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Neutrinos can arguably be labeled as the most fascinating elementary particles known as their small but non-zero rest mass points to new mass generating mechanisms beyond the Standard Model, and also assigns primordial neutrinosfrom the Big Bang a di stinct role in shaping the evolution of large-scale structures in the universe. The open question of the absolute neutrino mass scale will be addressed by the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment,currently under construction. This thesis reports major contributions to developing and implementing new laser-spectroscopic precision tools to continuously monitor the isotope content of the windowless gaseous tritium source ofKATRIN. The method of choice, Raman spectroscopy, is ideally suited for in-s itu monitoring of all six hydrogen isotopologues. In a series of beautiful experiments the author obtained two independent novel calibration methods, firstbased on a comparison of experimental Raman depolarization ratios with corresponding quantum-chemica l calculations, and second on a gas sampling technique. Both methods yield consistent cross-calibration results and, as well asyielding improvements in precision, will be of major importance in reducing systematic effects in long-term neutrino mass measur ements. The methods developed in this thesis also have great potential to further broaden the applicationsof Raman spectroscopy to study extended sources such as in atmospheric physics. |
ISBN: | 9783319062211 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Title: | An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Carlo M Becchi Giovanni Ridolfi |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results |
Contents: | Introduction |
Relativistic field theory | |
Scattering theory | |
Feynman | |
Spinor fields | |
Gauge symmetries | |
The standard model | |
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry | |
Breaking of accidental symmetries | |
Summary | |
Applications | |
Neutrino masses and mixing | |
A. Large | |
time evolution of the free field | |
B. Scattering from an external density | |
C. Dirac matrices | |
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory | |
References | |
ISBN: | 9783319061306 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319058672:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Tensorial Methods and Renormalization in Group Field Theories [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Sylvain Carrozza |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The main focus of this thesis is the mathematical structure of Group Field Theories (GFTs) from the point of view of renormalization theory. Such quantum field theories are found in approaches to quantum gravity related, on theone hand, to Loop Quant um Gravity (LQG) and, on the other, to matrix- and tensor models. Background material on these topics, including conceptual and technical aspects, are introduced in the first chapters. The work then goes on toexplain how the standard tools of Quantum Fiel d Theory can be generalized to GFTs, and exploited to study the large cut-off behaviour and renormalization group transformations of the latter. Among the new results derived in thiscontext are a proof of renormalizability of a three-dimensional GFT with gauge group SU(2), which opens the way to applications of the formalism to quantum gravity |
Contents: | Motivations and Scope of the Present Work |
Two Paths to Group Field Theories | |
Colors and Tensor Invariance | |
Large N Expansion in Topological Group Field Theories | |
Renormalization of Tensorial Group Field Theories: Generalities | |
Super | |
Renormalizable U(1) Models in Four Dimensions | |
Just | |
Renormalizable SU(2) Model in Three Dimensions | |
ISBN: | 9783319058672 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Group theory , Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319057569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Polarization and CP Violation Measurements [electronic resource] : Angular Analysis of B -> K* Decays and Search for CP Violation at the Belle Experiment |
Author(s): |
Michael Prim |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This thesis describes the thorough analysis of the rare B meson decay into K* on data taken by the Belle Collaboration at the B-meson-factory KEKB over 10 years. This reaction is very interesting, because it in principleallows the observation of CP- violation effects. In the Standard Model however, no CP violation in this reaction is expected. An observation of CP asymmetries thus immediately implies new physics. This thesis presents an amplitudeanalysis of this decay and the search for CP violation in detail and discusses methods to solve related problems: The quantification of multivariate dependence and the improvement of numeric evaluation speed of normalization integralsin amplitude analysis. In addition it provides an overview of the theory, ex perimental setup, (blind) statistical data analysis and estimation of systematic uncertainties |
Contents: | Introduction |
Theoretical Principles | |
The Belle Experiment | |
Analysis Methods and Tools | |
Reconstruction and Selection | |
Maximum Likelihood Fit Model | |
Measurement of B | |
> K* Decays | |
Conclusion | |
ISBN: | 9783319057569 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319050058:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Solving Non-standard Packing Problems by Global Optimization and Heuristics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Giorgio Fasano |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book results from a long-term research effort aimed at tackling complex non-standard packing issues which arise in space engineering. The main research objective is to optimize cargo loading and arrangement, in compliancewith a set of stringent rules. Complicated geometrical aspects are also taken into account, in addition to balancing conditions based on attitude control specifications. Chapter 1 introduces the class of non-standard packing problemsstudied. Chapter 2 gives a detailed explanatio n of a general model for the orthogonal packing of tetris-like items in a convex domain. A number of additional conditions are looked at in depth, including the prefixed orientation ofsubsets of items, the presence of unusable holes, separation planes and structural elements, relative distance bounds as well as static and dynamic balancing requirements. The relative feasibility sub-problem which is a special casethat does not have an optimization criterion is discussed in Chapter 3. This setting can be ex ploited by introducing an ad hoc objective function, aimed at facilitating the finding of integer-feasible solutions. The third chapter alsodiscusses the issue of tightening the general MIP model by introducing valid inequalities. A MIP-based heuristic ap proach is developed in Chapter 4, where the basic concept of abstract configuration is presented. Chapter 5 is devotedto experimental results relevant to a real-world application framework. Chapter 6 adopts both extensions of the general MIP model and non -linear formulations to tackle two further non-standard packing issues. The final Chapter 7presents conclusions and provides insights regarding prospective developments (including non-standard scheduling aspects). Practitioners and researchers interested in advanced optimization model development and solution in the contextof logistics, transportation systems, complex structures, manufacturing and electronics will find this book useful. The book can als |
Contents: | 1. Non |
standard packing problems | |
2. Tetris | |
like items | |
3. Model reformulations and tightening | |
4. Heuristic approaches for solving the tetris | |
like problem in practice | |
5. Computational experience and real world context | |
6. Extensions and mixed | |
integer non | |
linear approaches forfurther applications | |
7. Directions for future research | |
Appendix | |
Case Studies | |
References | |
ISBN: | 9783319050058 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Optimization, 2190-8354 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Visualization , Mathematical optimization |
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Title: | Heavy Neutral Particle Decays to Tau Pairs [electronic resource] : Detected with CMS in Proton Collisions at \sqrt{s} = 7TeV |
Author(s): |
Michail Bachtis |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The work presented in this thesis spans a wide range of experimental particle physics subjects, starting from level-1 trigger electronics to the final results of the search for Higgs boson decay andto tau lepton pairs. Thethesis describes an innovati ve reconstruction algorithm for tau decays and details how it was instrumental in providing a measurement of Z decay to tau lepton pairs. The reliability of the analysis is fully established by thismeasurement before the Higgs boson decay to tau lepton pa irs is considered. The work described here continues to serve as a model for analysing CMS Higgs to tau leptons measurements. |
Contents: | The Standard Model of Particle Physics |
Supersymmetry and the MSSM | |
Experimental Setup | |
Event Simulation | |
Event Reconstruction | |
Hadronic Tau Identification and Trigger | |
Selection of Tau Pairs | |
Measurement of Z , Production | |
Search for Higgs Bosons | |
Synopsis | |
Calorimeter Trigger Upgrade for Higher Luminosities | |
ISBN: | 9783319032573 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319018423:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Non-minimal Higgs Inflation and Frame Dependence in Cosmology [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Christian Friedrich Steinwachs |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This thesis explores the idea that the Higgs boson of the Standard Model and the cosmological inflaton are just two manifestations of one and the same scalar field - the Higgs-inflaton. By this unification two energy scales thatare separated by many orders of magnitude are connected, thereby building a bridge between particle physics and cosmology. An essential ingredient for making this model consistent with observational data is a strong non-minimalcoupling to gravity. Predictions for the value of the Higgs mass as well as for cosmological parameters are derived, and can be tested by future experiments. The results become especially exciting in the light of the recently announceddiscovery of the Higgs boson. The model of non-minimal Higgs inflation is also used in a quantum cosmological context to predict initial conditions for inflation. These results can in turn be tested by the detection of primordialgravitational waves. Thepresentation includesall introductory material about cosmology and the S tandard Model that is essential forthe further understanding. It also provides an introduction to the mathematical methods used tocalculate the effective action by heat kernel methods |
Contents: | Introduction |
Cosmology | |
Standard Model | |
Effective Action and Renormalization Group | |
One | |
Loop Cosmology and Frame Dependence | |
Non | |
minimal Higgs Inflation | |
Quantum Cosmology | |
Summary and Outlook | |
Riemann Curvature Tensor | |
Variations and Derivatives | |
Young Tableaux for Su (3) | |
Synge's World Function | |
ISBN: | 9783319018423 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319014876:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Top Quark Pair Production [electronic resource] : Precision Measurements of the Top Quark Pair Production Cross Section in the Single Lepton Channel with the ATLAS Experiment |
Author(s): |
Anna Christine Henrichs |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Before any kind of new physics discovery could be made at the LHC, a precise understanding and measurement of the Standard Model of particle physics' processes was necessary. The book provides an introduction to top quarkproduction in the context of the Standard Model and presents two such precise measurements of the production of top quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV that were observed with the ATLASExperiment at the LHC. The presented measurements focus on events with one charged lepton, missing transverse energy and jets. Using novel and advanced analysis techniques as well as a good understanding of the detector, theyconstitute the most precise measurements of the quantity at that time |
Contents: | Introduction |
The Top Quark in the Context of the Standard Model | |
Experimental Setup | |
Objects and Processes | |
General Analysis Strategy | |
Measurement of tt in 35 pb1 of Data | |
Measurement of tt in 0.7 fb1 of Data | |
Future Extension to a Simultaneous Measurement of tt and Rb | |
Conclusions | |
Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 35 pb1 of Data | |
Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 0.7 fb1 of Data | |
ISBN: | 9783319014876 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Title: | Background Processes in the Electrostatic Spectrometers of the KATRIN Experiment [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Susanne Mertens |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Neutrinos continue tobe the most mysterious and, arguably, the most fascinating particles of the Standard Model as their intrinsic properties such as absolute mass scale and CP properties are unknown. The open question of theabsolute neutrino mass sc ale will be addressed with unprecedented accuracy by the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment, currently under construction. This thesisfocusses on the spectrometer part of KATRIN and backgroundprocesses therein. Various background sources such as small Penning traps, as well as nuclear decays from single radon atoms are fully characterized here for the first time. Most importantly, however, it was possible to reduce thebackground in the spectrometer by more than five orders of magnitude by elim inating Penning traps and by developing a completely new background reduction method by stochastically heating trapped electrons using electron cyclotronresonance (ECR). The workbeautifully demonstrates that the obstacles and challenges in measuring the a bsolute mass scale of neutrinos can be met successfully if novel experimental tools (ECR) and novel computing methods(KASSIOPEIA) are combined to allow almost background-freetritium -spectroscopy |
Contents: | Abstract |
Introduction and objectives of the thesis | |
Neutrino Physics | |
The KATRIN experiment | |
Monte Carlo simulation package | |
Muon induced background | |
Background due to Penning traps | |
Background due to stored electrons following nuclear decays | |
Background due to stored electrons following nuclear decays | |
Conclusion | |
Optimization of the spectrometer transmission properties with the air coil system | |
Comparison of transmission measurements at the pre | |
spectrometer with Kassiopeia simulations | |
Alternative methods of removing stored electrons | |
ISBN: | 9783319011776 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Particle acceleration |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319009636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The BL Phase Transition [electronic resource] : Implications for Cosmology and Neutrinos |
Author(s): |
Kai Schmitz |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Several of the very foundations of the cosmological standard model the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter, and the origin of the hot big bang itself still call for an explanation from the perspective offundamental physics. This workadvoc ates one intriguing possibility for a consistent cosmology that fills in the theoretical gaps while being fully in accordance with the observational data. At very high energies, the universe mighthave been in a false vacuum state that preserved B-L, the d ifference between the baryon number B and the lepton number L as a local symmetry. In this state, the universe experienced a stage of hybrid inflation that only ended when thefalse vacuum became unstable and decayed, in the course of a waterfall transitio n, into a phase with spontaneously broken B-L symmetry. This B-L Phase Transition was accompanied by tachyonic preheating that transferred almost theentire energy of the false vacuum into a gas of B-L Higgs bosons, which in turn decayed into heavy Majoran a neutrinos. Eventually, these neutrinos decayed into massless radiation, thereby producing the entropy of the hot big bang,generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe via the leptogenesis mechanism and setting the stage for the production of dark mat ter. Next to a variety of conceptual novelties and phenomenological predictions, the main achievement ofthe thesis is hence the fascinating notion that the leading role in the first act of our universe might have actually been played by neutrinos |
Contents: | Early Universe Cosmology |
Framework for a Consistent Cosmology | |
Neutrino Phenomenology | |
Supersymmetric Abelian Higgs Model | |
Nonperturbative Dynamics | |
The Reheating Process | |
WIMP Dark Matter from Heavy Gravitino Decays | |
ISBN: | 9783319009636 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319008912:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Incompressible Bipolar and Non-Newtonian Viscous Fluid Flow [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Hamid Bellout Frederick Bloom |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The theory of incompressible multipolar viscous fluids is a non-Newtonian model of fluid flow, which incorporates nonlinear viscosity, as well as higher order velocity gradients, and is based on scientific first principles.TheNavier-Stokes model of f luid flow is based on the Stokes hypothesis, which a priori simplifies and restricts the relationship between the stress tensor and the velocity. By relaxing the constraints of the Stokes hypothesis, themathematical theory of multipolar viscous fluids gen eralizes the standard Navier-Stokes model.The rigorous theory of multipolar viscous fluids is compatible with all known thermodynamical processes and the principle of materialframe indifference this is in contrast with the formulation of most non-Newtonia n fluid flow models which result from ad hoc assumptions about the relation between the stress tensor and the velocity. The higher-order boundaryconditions, which must be formulated for multipolar viscous flow problems, are a rigorous consequence of the p rinciple of virtual work this is in stark contrast to the approach employed by authors who have studied the regularizingeffects of adding artificial viscosity, in the form of higher order spatial derivatives, to the Navier-Stokes model. A number of resea rch groups, primarily in the United States, Germany, Eastern Europe, and China, have explored theconsequences of multipolar viscous fluid models these efforts, and those of the authors, which are described in this book, have focused on the solution of pro blems in the context of specific geometries, on the existence of weak andclassical solutions, and on dynamical systems aspects of the theory. Thisvolume will bea valuable resource for mathematicians interested in solutions to systems of nonlinear partial differential equations, as well as to appliedmathematicians, fluid dynamicists, and mechanical engineers with an interest in the problems of fluid mechanics |
Contents: | Preface |
Acknowledgements | |
I Incompressible Multipolar Fluid Dynamics | |
II Plane Poiseuille Flow of Incompressible Bipolar Viscous Fluids | |
III Incompressible Bipolar Fluid Dynamics: Examples of Other Flows and Geometries | |
IV General Existence and Uniqueness Theorems for Incompressible Bipolar and non | |
Newtonian Fluid Flow | |
V Attractors for Incompressible Bipolar and non | |
Newtonian Flows: Bounded Domains and Space Periodic Problems | |
VI Inertial Manifolds, Orbit Squeezing, and Attractors for Bipolar Flow in Unbounded Channels | |
A.I Notation, Definitions, and Results from Analysis | |
ISBN: | 9783319008912 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Advances in Mathematical Fluid Mechanics |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Differential equations, partial |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319008103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Standard Model Measurements with the ATLAS Detector [electronic resource] : Monte Carlo Simulations of the Tile Calorimeter and Measurement of the Z Cross Section / by Jana Novakova |
Author(s): |
Jana Novakova |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This thesis deals with two main procedures performed with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The noise description in the hadronic calorimeter TileCal represents a very valuable technical job. The second partpresents a fruitful ph ysics analysis the cross section measurement of the process p + p Z0 + . The Monte Carlo simulations of the TileCal are described in the first part of the thesis, including a detailed treatmentof the electronic noise and multiple interactions (so-calle d pile-up). An accurate description of both is crucial for the reconstruction of e.g. jets or hadronic tau-jets. The second part reports a Standard Model measurementof the Z0 + process with the emphasis on the final state with an electron and a hadronically decaying tau-lepton. The Z0 + channel forms the dominant background in the search for Higgs bosons decaying into tau lepton pairs,and thus the good understanding achi eved here can facilitate more sensitive Higgs detection |
Contents: | Overview of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC |
Monte Carlo simulations of the Tile calorimeter | |
Electron efficiency measurement | |
Z0 + cross section measurement | |
ISBN: | 9783319008103 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Title: | Adaptive Logics for Defeasible Reasoning [electronic resource] : Applications in Argumentation, Normative Reasoning and Default Reasoning |
Author(s): |
Christian Straer |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book presents adaptive logics as an intuitive and powerful framework for modeling defeasible reasoning. It examines various contexts in which defeasible reasoning is useful and offers a compact introduction into adaptivelogics. The author first familiarizes readers with defeasible reasoning, the adaptive logics framework, combinations of adaptive logics, and a range of useful meta-theoretic properties. He then offers a systematic study of adaptivelogics based on various applications. The book pr esents formal models for defeasible reasoning stemming from different contexts, such as default reasoning, argumentation, and normative reasoning. It highlights various meta-theoreticadvantages of adaptive logics over other logics or logical frameworks th at model defeasible reasoning. In this way the book substantiates the status of adaptive logics as a generic formal framework for defeasible reasoning |
Contents: | Chapter 1. Introduction |
Part I. Adaptive Logics as a Framework for Defeasible Logics | |
Chapter 2 The Standard Format of Adaptive Logics | |
Chapter 3. Sequential Combinations of ALs | |
Chapter 4. On the Transparency of Defeasible Logics: Equivalent Premise Sets, Equivalence of Their Extensions, and Maximality of the Lower Limit | |
Chapter 5. Generalizing the Standard Format | |
Part II. Conditional Logics of Normality | |
Chapter 6. Adaptively Applying Modus Ponens in Conditional Logics of Normality | |
Chapter 7. An Adaptive Logic for Rational Closure | |
Part III. Argumentation Theory | |
Chap | |
ISBN: | 9783319007922 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v38 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Philosophy (General) , Logic , Science Philosophy , Artificial intelligence |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319007625:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Beyond Standard Model Phenomenology at the LHC [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Priscila de Aquino |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This thesis provides an introduction to the physics of the Standard Model and beyond, and to the methods used to analyse Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data. The 'hierarchy problem', astrophysical data and experiments on neutrinosindicate that new physi cs can be expected at the now accessible TeV scale. This work investigates extensions of the Standard Model with gravitons and gravitinos (in the context of supergravity). The production of these particles inassociation with jets is studied as one of the most promising avenues for researching new physics at the LHC. Advanced simulation techniques and tools, such as algorithms allowing the computation of Feynman graphs and helicityamplitudes are first developed and then employed |
Contents: | Introduction |
The Standard Model | |
Gravitation in Beyond Standard Model theories | |
The LHC and collision simulations | |
Phenomenology of graviton production | |
Gravitino production at the LHC | |
Epilogue | |
Massless graviton implementation | |
New routines for ADD theories in MadGraph | |
ALOHA | |
ISBN: | 9783319007625 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319000237:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Econophysics of Agent-Based Models [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Frdric Abergel Hideaki Aoyama Bikas K Chakrabarti Anirban Chakraborti Asim Ghosh |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The primary goal of this book is to present the research findings and conclusions of physicists, economists, mathematicians and financial engineers working in the field of Econophysics who have undertaken agent-basedmodelling, comparison with empiric al studies and related investigations. Most standard economic models assume the existence of the representative agent, who is perfectly rational and applies the utility maximization principlewhen taking action. One reason for this is the desire to keep mo dels mathematically tractable: no tools are available to economists for solving non-linear models of heterogeneous adaptive agents without explicit optimization. Incontrast, multi-agent models, which originated from statistical physics considerations, all ow us to go beyond the prototype theories of traditional economics involving the representative agent. This book is based on theEconophys-Kolkata VII Workshop, at which many such modelling efforts were presented. In the book, leading researchers in their fields report on their latest work, consider recent developments and review the contemporary literature |
Contents: | Agent |
based modeling of zapping behavior of viewers, television commercial allocation, and advertisement markets by Hiroyuki Kyan and Jun | |
ichi Inoue | |
Agent based modeling of Housing asset bubble: A simple utility function based investigation by Kausik Gangopadhyay and Kousik Guhathakurta | |
Urn model | |
based adaptive Multi | |
arm clinical trials: A stochastic approximation approach by Sophie Laruelle and Gilles Pags | |
Logistic modeling of a Religious Sect features by Marcel Ausloos | |
Characterizing financial crisis by means of the three states random field Ising model by Mitsuaki Murota and J | |
ISBN: | 9783319000237 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | New Economic Windows, 2039-411X |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Economics , Economics, Mathematical |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781493903177:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Test Equating, Scaling, and Linking [electronic resource] : Methods and Practices |
Author(s): |
Michael J Kolen Robert L Brennan |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 3rd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book provides an introduction to test equating, scaling, and linking, including those concepts and practical issues that are critical for developers and all other testing professionals. In addition to statisticalprocedures, successful equating, scaling, and linking involves many aspects of testing, including procedures to develop tests, to administer and score tests, and to interpret scores earned on tests. Test equating methods are used withmany standardized tests in education and psychology to ensure that scores from multiple test forms can be used interchangeably. Test scaling is the process of developing score scales that are used when scores on standardized testsare reported. In test linking, scores from two or more tests are related to one another. Linking has received much recent attention, due largely to investigations of linking similarly named tests from different test publishers or testsconstructed for different purposes. In recent years, researchers from the education, psychology, an d statistics communities have contributed to the rapidly growing statistical and psychometric methodologies used in test equating,scaling, and linking. In addition to the literature covered in previous editions, this new edition presents coverage of signi ficant recent research. In order to assist researchers, advanced graduate students and testing professionals,examples are used frequently, and conceptual issues are stressed. New material includes model determination in log-linear smoothing, in-depth pres entation of chained linear and equipercentile equating, equating criteria, test scoring,and a new section on scores for mixed-format tests. In the third edition, each chapter contains a reference list, rather than having a single reference list at the end of the volume The themes of the third edition include: * thepurposes of equating, scaling and linking and their practical context * data collection designs * statistical methodology * designing r |
Contents: | Introduction and Concepts |
Observed Score Equating Using the Random Groups Design | |
Random Groups Smoothing in Equipercentile Equating | |
Nonequivalent Groups Linear Methods | |
Nonequivalent Groups Equipercentile Methods | |
Item Response Theory Methods | |
Standard Errors of Equating | |
Practical Issues in Equating | |
Score Scales | |
Linking | |
Appendices | |
Answers to Exercises | |
Computer Programs | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9781493903177 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Educational tests and measurements , Psychometrics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781461482260:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Multi-scale Analysis for Random Quantum Systems with Interaction [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Victor Chulaevsky Yuri Suhov |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The study of quantum disorder has generated considerable research activity in mathematics and physics over past 40 years. While single-particle models have been extensively studied at a rigorous mathematical level, little wasknown about systems of se veral interacting particles, let alone systems with positive spatial particle density. Creating a consistent theory of disorder in multi-particle quantum systems is an important and challenging problem thatlargely remains open. Multi-scale Analysis for Ra ndom Quantum Systems with Interaction presents the progress that had been recently achieved in this area. The main focus of the book is on a rigorous derivation of themulti-particle localization in a strong random external potential field. To make the pr esentation accessible to a wider audience, the authors restrict attention to a relatively simple tight-binding Anderson model on a cubic lattice Zd. This book includes the following cutting-edge features: * an introduction to the state-of-the-art single-p article localization theory * an extensive discussion of relevant technical aspects of the localization theory * a thoroughcomparison of the multi-particle model with its single-particle counterpart * a self-contained rigorous derivation of both spectral and dynamical localization in the multi-particle tight-binding Anderson model. Required mathematicalbackground for the book includes a knowledge of functional calculus, spectral theory (essentially reduced to the case of finite matrices) and basic probab ility theory. This is an excellent text for a year-long graduate course orseminar in mathematical physics. It also can serve as a standard reference for specialists |
Contents: | Preface |
Part I Single | |
particle Localisation | |
A Brief History of Anderson Localization | |
Single | |
Particle MSA Techniques | |
Part II Multi | |
particle Localization | |
Multi | |
particle Eigenvalue Concentration Bounds | |
Multi | |
particle MSA Techniques | |
References | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9781461482260 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Progress in Mathematical Physics, 1544-9998 : v65 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Functional analysis , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642362262:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Electroweak Processes in External Active Media [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Alexander Kuznetsov Nickolay Mikheev |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Expanding on the concept of the authors previous book ElectroweakProcesses in External Electromagnetic Fields, this new book systematically describes the investigation methods for the effects of external active media,both strong electromagnetic field s and hot dense plasma, in quantum processes. Solving the solar neutrino puzzle in a unique experiment conducted with the help of the heavy-waterdetector at the Sudbery Neutrino Observatory, alongwith another neutrino experiments, brings to the fore elect roweak physics in anactive external medium. It is effectively demonstrated that processes of neutrino interactions with active media of astrophysical objects may lead, undersome physical conditions, to such interesting effects as neutrino-driven shockwave revival in a supernova explosion, acherry stone shooting mechanism for pulsar natal kick, and aneutrino pulsar. It is also shown how poorestimates of particledispersion in external active media sometimes lead to confusion. Thebook will appeal to graduate and post-graduate students of theoreticalphysics with a prior understanding of Quantum Field Theory (QFT) andthe Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions, as well asto specialists in QFT who want to know more about the problems ofquantum phenomena in h ot dense plasma and external electromagnetic fields |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Solutions of the Dirac Equation in an External Electromagnetic Field | |
Propagators of Charged Particles in External Active Media | |
Particle Dispersion inExternal Active Media | |
Electromagnetic Interactions inExternal Active Media | |
Neutrino | |
Electron Interactions in External Active Media | |
Neutrino | |
Photon Interactions inExternal Active Media | |
Conclusion | |
ISBN: | 9783642362262 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v252 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642333415:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Dynamical Stabilization of the Fermi Scale [electronic resource] : Towards a Composite Universe |
Author(s): |
Francesco Sannino |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This lecture-based, concise primer introduces and summarize basic features associated with dynamical breaking of the electroweak symmetry in elementary particle physics. In particular, the phase diagram of strongly-coupledtheories as function of the number of colors, flavors and matter representation, playing a fundamental role when trying to construct viable extensions of the standard model, are examined for SU(N) gauge theories with fermionic mattertransforming according to arbitrary representation s of the underlying gauge group. We will further discuss how the phase diagram can be used to construct unparticle models and then review Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) and otherextensions, such as partially gauged and split technicolor. Eventually, th e unification of the standard model gauge couplings will be revisited within technicolor extensions of the standard model. A number of appendices will helpstudent and newcomers to the field reviewing some basic methods and provide them with useful details |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Technicolor Prelude |
Conformal Dynamics Interlude | |
Minimal Technicolor Models: Toccata and Fugue | |
Composite Dark Matters: Coda | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783642333415 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642330629:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photon Physics at the LHC [electronic resource] : A Measurement of Inclusive Isolated Prompt Photon Production at s = 7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector |
Author(s): |
Michael Hance |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This thesis reports on the first studies of Standard Model photon production at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) using the ATLAS detector. Standard Model photon production is a large background in the search for Higgs bosonsdecaying into photon pairs, and is thus critical to understand. The thesis explains the techniques used to reconstruct and identify photon candidates using the ATLAS detector, and describes a measurement of the production crosssection for isolated prompt photons. The thesis also de scribes a search for the Higgs boson in which the analysis techniques used in the measurement are exploited to reduce and estimate non-prompt backgrounds in diphoton events |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction and Theoretical Background |
The LHC and the ATLAS Detector | |
Data Samples and Event Selection | |
Reconstruction and Identification of Prompt Photons | |
Efficiency Measurements | |
Background Estimation | |
Measurement and Systematics | |
Results of the Measurement and Comparison with Predictions | |
Extending the Measurement | |
ISBN: | 9783642330629 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642309076:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Energy Level Alignment and Electron Transport Through Metal/Organic Contacts [electronic resource] : From Interfaces to Molecular Electronics |
Author(s): |
Enrique Abad |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | In recent years, ever more electronic devices have started to exploit the advantages of organic semiconductors. The work reported in this thesis focuses on analyzing theoretically the energy level alignment of differentmetal/organic interfaces, neces sary to tailor devices with good performance. Traditional methods based on density functional theory (DFT), are not appropriate for analyzing them because they underestimate the organic energy gap andfail to correctly describe the van der Waals forces. Si nce the size of these systems prohibits the use of more accurate methods, corrections to those DFT drawbacks are desirable. In this work a combination of a standard DFT calculationwith the inclusion of the charging energy (U) of the molecule, calculated f rom first principles, is presented. Regarding the dispersion forces, incorrect long range interaction is substituted by a van der Waals potential. With thesecorrections, the C60, benzene, pentacene, TTF and TCNQ/Au(111) interfaces are analyzed, both for s ingle molecules and for a monolayer. The results validate the induced density of interface states model |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Theoretical Foundation |
Further Developments in IDIS Model | |
The IDIS Model at the Molecular Limit | |
Results for Various Interfaces: C60, Benzene, TTF, TCNQ and Pentacene Over Au(111) | |
ISBN: | 9783642309076 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics) |
Availability: | Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at
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Location: | ONLINE |
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