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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD STANDARD MODEL *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/15762.63 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword standard model ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789811034183:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Higgs Potential and Naturalness After the Higgs Discovery
Author(s): Yuta Hamada
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (X, 114 p. 36 illus., 34 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Bare Parameters at Cutoff Scale -- Higgs Inflation and Standard Model Criticality -- Naturalness Problem and Quantum Gravity -- Dark Matter and Higgs Potential -- Summary -- Appendix A - Convention -- Appendix B -
Renormalization Group Equations -- Appendix C - Brief Review of Inflation -- Appendix D - Strong CP Problem -- Appendix E - Quantization of Majorana Field -- Appendix F - The Effect of the Principle Value
ISBN:9789811034183
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Astrophysics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Mathematical Physics
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Call number:9783319442181:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Search for Dark Matter Produced in Association with a Higgs Boson Decaying to Two Bottom Quarks at ATLAS
Author(s): Yangyang Cheng
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XV, 176 p. 67 illus., 63 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- The Standard Model and Beyond -- An Overview of Dark Matter -- The ATLAS Experiment at the Large Hadron Collider -- Dark Matter Searches at ATLAS -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Overview -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Z -
2HDM Simplified Model -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Physics Objects -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Event Selection -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Background Processes -- Dark Matter + Higgs( bb): Systematic Uncertainties -- Dark Matter +
Higgs( bb): Results -- Conclusion -- References.
ISBN:9783319442181
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Particle acceleration , Physics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:9781608070480:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Discrete oscillator design
Author(s): Randall W. Rhea
Date:2010
Publisher:Artech House
Size:1 online resource (450 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1 Linear Techniques -- Open-Loop Method -- Match Requirements -- Aligning the Maximum Phase Slope -- Stable Amplifier -- Gain Peak at Phase Zero Intersection -- Moderate Gain -- Random Resonator and Amplifier Combination -- Naming Convention s -- Amplifiers for Sustaining Stages -- Bipolar Amplifier Configurations -- Stabilizing Bipolar Amplifiers -- Stabilized FET Amplifier Configurations -- Basic Common Emitter Amplifier -- Statistical Analysis of the Amplifier -- Amplifier with Resistive F eedback -- General-Purpose Resistive-Feedback Amplifier -- Transformer-Feedback Amplifiers -- Monolythic Microwave Integrated Circuit Amplifiers -- Differential Amplifiers -- Phase-Lead Compensation -- Resonators -- R-C Phase Shift Network -- Delay-Line P hase-Shift Network -- L-C Parallel and Series Resonators -- Loaded Q . Unloaded Q -- Resonator Loss -- Colpitts Resonator -- Resonator Coupling -- Matching with the Resonator -- Measuring the Unloaded Q -- Coupled Resonator Oscillator Example -- Resonator Summary -- One-Port Method -- Negative-Resistance Oscillators -- Negative-Conductance Oscillators -- Analyzing Existing Oscillators -- Optimizing the Design
Chapter 2 Nonlinear Techniques -- Harmonic Balance -- Nonlinear Amplifiers -- Quiescent Current and Compression -- Impedance Shift -- Phase Shift -- Output Spectrum -- Time Domain Waveform -- Conversion Efficiency -- Operating Class -- Nonlinear Ope n-Loop Cascade -- Nonlinear HB Colpitts -- Closing the Loop and Excitation -- Harmonic Balance Colpitts Output Spectrum -- Excitation Current Versus Oscillator Parameters -- Nonlinear Negative-Resistance Oscillator -- Output Coupling -- Coupling Node -- L oad Pulling -- Loaded Q and Load Pulling -- Degree of Coupling -- Loaded Q and Coupling -- Coupling Reactance and Load Pulling -- Coupling Reactance and Harmonics -- Output Coupling Example 2 -- Passive Level Control -- Supply Pushing -- Spurious Modes -- Unstable Amplifiers -- Multiple Phase Zero Crossings -- Parametric Modes -- Multiple Resonance Modes -- Chapter 3 Transient Techniques -- Starting Modes -- Noise Mode of Starting -- Tansient Mode of Starting -- Time Constant of the Supply Step -- Simulat ion Techniques -- SPICE -- Cayenne -- Triggering -- Simulation Techniques for High Loaded Q -- Steady-State Oscillator Waveforms -- Clapp Oscillator Waveforms -- The Resonator Voltage -- Varactor Coupling -- Waveform Derived Output Spectrum
Chapter 4 Noise -- Vector Representation of the Oscillator Output -- Jitter -- The Output in the Frequency Domain -- SSB Phase Noise -- Residual FM and Residual PM -- Two-Port Noise -- Acoustic Disturbances -- Predicting Phase Noise -- Linear Time I nvariant Theory -- Extensions to LTI-Based Theory -- Linear Time Variant Theory -- Measuring Phase Noise -- Direct Method with a Spectrum Analyzer -- Selective Receiver Method -- Heterodyne/Counter Method -- Reference Oscillator Method -- Frequency Discri minator Method -- Example Phase-Noise Measurement System -- Designing for Low Phase Noise -- Estimating the Predominant Noise Source -- Reducing Leeson Noise -- Reducing Pushing Induced Noise -- Reducing Buffer Noise -- Reducing Varactor Modulation Noise -- PLL Noise -- Chapter 5 General-Purpose Oscillators -- Oscillators Without Resonators -- R-C Oscillators -- Wien Bridge -- Multivibrators -- Ring Oscillators -- Twin-T Oscillators -- L-C Oscillators -- Colpitts -- Clapp -- Seiler -- Hartley -- Pierce -- Coupled Series Resonator -- Rhea -- Coupled Parallel Resonator -- Gumm -- Oscillator Topology Selection
Chapter 6 Distributed Oscillators -- Resonator Technologies -- Lumped and Distributed Equivalents -- Quarter-Wavelength Resonators -- Ceramic-Loaded Coaxial Resonators -- Capacitor-Loaded Quarter-Wavelength Resonator -- Distributed Oscillator Exampl es -- Negative-Resistance Hybrid Oscillator -- Negative-Resistance High-Power 1 GHz Oscillator -- Quarter-Wavelength Hybrid Oscillator -- Simple Hybrid Coaxial Resonator MMIC -- Probe-Coupled Coaxial Resonator Bipolar -- End-Coupled Hybrid Half-Wavelength Bipolar -- Helical Transmission Line Resonator Bipolar -- DRO Oscillators -- Dielectric Resonator Basic Properties -- Dielectric Resonator Resonant Frequency -- Dielectric Resonator Unloaded Q -- Dielectric Resonator Coupling -- Chapter 7 Tuned Oscillato rs -- Resonator Tuning Bandwidth -- Resonator Voltage -- Permeability Tuning -- Tunable Oscillator Examples -- Permeability Tuned Colpitts JFET -- Vackar JFET VCO -- Hybrid Negative Resistance VCO -- Capacitor-Transformed Negative-Resistance VCO -- Negati ve-Resistance VCO with Transformer -- Negative-Conductance VCO -- Hybrid Coaxial Resonator MMIC -- Loaded Quarter-Wavelength MMIC -- Seiler Coaxial-Resonator CC VCO -- YIG Oscillators
Chapter 8 Piezoelectric Oscillators -- Bulk Quartz Resonators -- Quartz Blank Cuts -- Crystal Resonator Model -- Calculating Crystal Resonator Parameters -- Crystal Resonator Frequency Pulling -- Inverted-Mesa Crystal Resonators -- Crystal Oscillato r Operating Mode -- Crystal Oscillator Frequency Accuracy -- Temperature Effects on Crystal Oscillators -- Crystal Resonator Drive Level -- Crystal Resonator Spurious Modes -- Crystal Resonator Aging -- Crystal Resonator Noise -- Crystal Resonator Acceler ation Effects -- Crystal Resonator Standard Holders -- Fundamental Mode Crystal Oscillators -- Miller JFET Crystal -- Colpitts Bipolar Crystal -- Colpitts JFET Crystal -- Pierce Bipolar Crystal -- Pierce MMIC Crystal -- Pierce Inverter TTL Crystal -- Pier ce Inverter CMOS Crystal -- Butler Dual Bipolar Crystal -- Driscoll Bipolar Crystal -- Inverted-Mesa Pierce Bipolar Crystal -- Overtone Mode Crystal Oscillators -- Colpitts Overtone Bipolar Crystal -- CB Butler Overtone Bipolar Crystal -- CC Butler Overt one Bipolar Crystal -- Oscillator with Frequency Multiplier -- Crystal Oscillator Starting -- Surface Acoustic Wave Resonators -- SAW Resonator Models -- SAW Resonator Frequency Stability -- SAW Oscillators -- SAW 1-Port Colpitts Bipolar -- SAW 1-Port But ler Bipolar -- SAW 2-Port Pierce MMIC -- Piezoelectric Ceramic Resonators -- Ceramic Resonator Models -- Ceramic Resonator Accuracy and Stability -- Ceramic Resonator Oscillators -- MEMS and FBAR Resonators
ISBN:9781608070473
Series:Artech house microwave library
Series:eBooks
Series:Artech eBooks
Keywords: Harmonic oscillators, Design. , Oscillators, Electric, Design.
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Call number:9781420064711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutrino physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kai Zuber
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press
Size:1 online resource (448 p.)
Contents:1. Important historical experiments -- 2. Properties of neutrinos -- 3. The standard model of particle physics -- 4. Neutrinos as a probe of nuclear structure -- 5. Neutrino masses and physics beyond the standard model -- 6. Direct neutrino mass searches -- 7. Double decay -- 8. Neutrino oscillations -- 9. Atmospheric neutrinos -- 10. Solar neutrinos -- 11. Neutrinos from supernovae -- 12. Ultra-high energetic cosmic neutrinos -- 13. Neutrinos in cosmology -- 14. Summary and outlook
ISBN:9781420064711
Series:CRCnetBASE eBook platform
Series:eBooks single
Series:Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation
Keywords: Neutrinos
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Call number:9780511809040:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to high energy physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Donald H. Perkins
Date:2000
Edition:4th ed.
Publisher:New York : Cambridge University Press
Size:1 online resource (353 p.) 4 concurrent users
Contents:Quarks and leptons -- Interactions and fields -- Invariance principles and conservation laws -- Quarks in hadrons -- Lepton and quark scattering -- Quark interactions and QCD -- Weak interactions -- Electroweak interactions and the standard model -- Physics beyond the standard model -- Particle physics and cosmology -- Experimental methods.
ISBN:9780521621960
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:9780511471094:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Rise of the standard model: Particle Physics in the 1960x and 1970s
Author(s): Lillian Hoddeson (ed.)
Laurie Brown (ed.)
Michael Riordan (ed.)
Max Dresden (ed.)
Date:1997
Publisher:Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK
Size:1 online resource (748 p.)
ISBN:9780511471094
Series:eBooks
Series:Cambridge Books Online
Keywords: Standard model (Nuclear physics),History. , Particles (Nuclear physics), History.
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Call number:9780191523229:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics [electronic resource].
Author(s): Carlo. Giunti
Chung W. Kim
Date:2007
Publisher:Oxford: Oxford University Press
Size:1 online resource (727 pages)
Contents:1 Historical introduction 2 Quantized Dirac fields 3 The Standard Model 4 Three-generation mixing 5 Neutrino interactions 6 Massive neutrinos 7 Neutrino oscillations in vacuum 8 Theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum 9 Neutrino oscillations in matter 10 Solar neutrinos 11 Atmospheric neutrinos 12 Terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments 13 Phenomenology of three-neutrino mixing 14 Direct measurements of neutrino mass 15 Supernova neutrinos 16 Cosmology 17 Relic neutrinos Append ices Bibliography Index.
ISBN:9780191523229
Series:EBL eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Neutrinos. , Neutrino astrophysics.
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Call number:3527411771:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics
Author(s): Nagashima
Date:2014
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (657 p.)
ISBN:9783527411771
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:3527409661:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Elementary Particle Physics Volume 2 - Foundationsof the Standard Model
Author(s): Nagashima
Date:2013
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (647 p.)
ISBN:9783527409662
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:10190024::ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modern cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Scott. Dodelson
Date:2003
Publisher:San Diego, Calif. : Academic Press
Size:1 online resource, (440 p.)
Contents:Chapter 1. The Standard Model and Beyond, Chapter 2. The Smooth, Expanding Universe, Chapter 3. Beyond Equilibrium, Chapter 4. The Boltzmann Equations, Chapter 5. Einstein Equations, Chapter 6. Initial Conditions, Chapter 7. Inhomogeneities, Chapter 8. Anisotropies, Chapter 9. Probes of Inhomogeneities, Chapter 10. Weak Lensing and Polarization, Chapter 11. Analysis
ISBN:9780122191411
Series:ebrary eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Cosmology
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Call number:TA345.O94::1997 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:STEP : an introduction
Author(s): Jon Owen
Date:1997
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Winchester, England : Information Geometers
Size:203 p.
Note:STEP means STandard for the Exchange of Product model data
Contents:The background to STEP -- The requirements of STEP -- The origins of STEP -- The document structure of STEP -- Description methods -- Integrated resources -- Application protocols -- Application interpreted constructs -- Implementation methods -- Abstract test suites -- Conformance testing methodology and framework -- The architecture of STEP -- The problems with STEP -- The present and future use of STEP -- Abbreviations --ISO structure and development procedure -- Standards bodies -- Integrated resources : EXPRESS-G diagrams
ISBN:9781874728115
Keywords: Computer-aided engineering , CAD/CAM systems , Computer simulation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783662480786:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Particle Cosmology The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems
Author(s): Cosimo Bambi
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (21 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-48078-6
Contents:Introduction -- The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- General Relativity -- Cosmological Models -- Thermodynamics of the Early Universe -- Inflation -- Baryogenesis -- Big Bang Nucleosynthesis -- Dark Matter (DM) -- Cosmic
Microwave Background Radiation -- Large Scale Structures -- Dark Energy
ISBN:9783662480786
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Cosmology , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319410456:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Search for Dark Matter with ATLAS Using Events with a Highly Energetic Jet and Missing Transverse Momentum in Proton-Proton Collisions at √s = 8 TeV   
Author(s): Ruth Pöttgen
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (124 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-41045-6
Contents:Introduction -- Theory and Motivation -- The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- Dark Matter -- Proton-Proton Collisions -- Mono-Jet Events as Dark Matter Signature at Colliders -- Large Hadron Collider -- The ATLAS Experiment --
Operation of the Central Trigger during run-I -- Upgrade of the Central Trigger -- Analysis Strategy -- Data and Simulated Samples -- Physics Objects Definitions -- Event Selection -- Background Estimation -- Results and Interpretation
-- Prospects with Future LHC Data Conclusion.
ISBN:9783319410456
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Cosmology , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319247984:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supersymmetry and Noncommutative Geometry
Author(s): Wim Beenakker
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (15 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24798-4
Contents:Introduction -- Supersymmetry -- Noncommutative geometry -- Supersymmetric almost-commutative geometries -- Noncommutative geometry and R-parity -- Supersymmetric spectral triples -- Conditions for a supersymmetric spectral action --
Summary and conclusions -- Appendix 1. The action from a building block of the third type -- Appendix 2. Supersymmetric spectral actions: Proofs -- Appendix 3. Auxiliary lemmas and identities -- Supersymmetry breaking -- Soft
supersymmetry breaking -- Soft supersymmetry breaking terms from the spectral action -- Summary and conclusions -- The noncommutative supersymmetric Standard Model -- Obstructions for a supersymmetric theory -- The building blocks of
the MSSM -- Identification of particles and sparticles
ISBN:9783319247984
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics: 9
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Mathematical Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319222288:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Constraining Supersymmetric Models Using Higgs Physics, Precision Observables and Direct Searches
Author(s): Lisa Zeune
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (36 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22228-8
Contents:Introduction -- The Standard Model and supersymmetric extensions of it -- Perturbative calculations -- Experimental status -- The W boson mass in the SM, the MSSM and the NMSSM -- The diphoton decay channel in the MSSM and the NMSSM
-- Fitting the MSSM to the observed Higgs signal -- Constraining SUSY scenarios using simplified models -- Conclusions
ISBN:9783319222288
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319222134:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Study of Double Parton Scattering Using Four-Jet Scenarios in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrt s = 7 TeV with the CMS Experiment at the LHC
Author(s): Paolo Gunnellini
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (55 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22213-4
Contents:The Standard Model of Particle Physics -- A Hadronic Collision -- The CERN Large Hadron Collider and the Compact Muon Solenoid Experiment -- Event Simulation -- Event Reconstruction -- Event Selection -- Study of Detector Effects --
Data Unfolding -- Systematic Uncertainties -- Cross Section Measurement of the 4j and 2b2j Channels and Comparisons with Predictions -- Extraction of the DPS Contribution -- Summary and Conclusions
ISBN:9783319222134
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physical measurements , Measurement , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Measurement Science and Instrumentation , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319218823:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Intrinsic Bispectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background
Author(s): Guido Walter Pettinari
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (19 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21882-3
Contents:Introduction -- The Standard Model of Cosmology -- Perturbation Theory -- The Boltzmann Equation -- Evolution of the Second-Order Perturbations -- The Intrinsic Bispectrum of the CMB -- Conclusions -- Appendix A: Projection on the
Sphere -- Appendix B: Geometry of the Wavemodes
ISBN:9783319218823
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Cosmology , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319202242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gravity: Where Do We Stand?
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (103 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20224-2
Contents:Introduction -- Gravity: Newtonian, post-Newtonian and General Relativistic -- Newtonian Gravity and its classical tests (Equivalence Principle, Measure of G, 1/r2 dependence) -- Gravitational Tests with Interplanetary Probes --
Probing gravity with second generation lunar laser ranging -- Fundamental physics with the LAGEOS satellites -- The role of binary pulsars in testing Gravity Theories -- Gravitational waves: theory, sources, detectors -- Possible low
energy manifestations of strings and gravity -- Effective Field Theories with Lorentz Violations and their observational constraints -- Search for generic violations of Lorentz invariance in the Standard Model Extension formalism --
The MOND-TeVeS theory and the lensing results from the Bullet Cluster
ISBN:9783319202242
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319202211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hadron Structure in Electroweak Precision Measurements
Author(s): Nathan L Hall
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (29 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20221-1
Contents:Introduction -- The Standard Model and beyond -- Precision tests of the SM -- Structure functions -- Adelaide-Jefferson Lab-Manitoba model -- The γZ box corrections -- Electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the proton --
Quark-hadron duality -- Summary and conclusion
ISBN:9783319202211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9788132217862:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimal Mixture Experiments [electronic resource]
Author(s): B.K Sinha
N.K Mandal
Manisha Pal
P Das
Date:2014
Publisher:New Delhi : Springer India : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The book dwells mainly on the optimality aspects of mixture designs. As mixture models are a special case of regression models, a general discussion on regression designs has been presented, which includes topics like continuousdesigns, de la Garza p henomenon, Loewner order domination, Equivalence theorems for different optimality criteria and standard optimality results for single variable polynomial regression and multivariate linear and quadraticregression models. This is followed by a review of t he available literature on estimation of parameters in mixture models. Based on recent research findings, the volume also introduces optimal mixture designs for estimation of optimummixing proportions in different mixture models, which include Scheffs qua dratic model, Darroch-Waller model, log- contrast model, mixture-amount models, random coefficient models and multi-response model. Robust mixture designsand mixture designs in blocks have been also reviewed. Moreover, some applications of mixture designs in areas like agriculture, pharmaceutics and food and beverages have been presented. Familiarity with the basic concepts of designand analysis of experiments, along with the concept of optimality criteria are desirable prerequisites for a clear understan ding of the book. It is likely to be helpful to both theoreticians and practitioners working in the area ofmixture experiments
Contents:Chapter 1. Mixture Models and Mixture Designs: Scope of the Monograph
Chapter 2. Optimal Regression Designs
Chapter 3. Parameter Estimation in Linear and Quadratic Mixture Models
Chapter 4. Optimal Mixture Designs for Estimation of Natural Parameters in Scheffs Model
Chapter 5. Optimal Mixture Designs for Estimation of Natural Parameters in Scheffs Model under Constrained Factor Space
Chapter 6. Optimal Mixture Designs for Estimation of Natural Parameters in Other Mixture Models
Chapter 7. Optimal Designs for Estimation of Optimum Mixture in Scheffs Quadratic M
ISBN:9788132217862
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics, 0930-0325 : v1028
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematical optimization , Mathematical statistics , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9784431545446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Analysis of the Electric Dipole Moment in the R-parity Violating Supersymmetric Standard Model [electronic resource]
Author(s): Nodoka Yamanaka
Date:2014
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:In this thesis the author discusses the phenomenology of supersymmetric models by means of experimental data set analysis of the electric dipole moment. There is an evaluation of the elementary processes contributing to theelectric dipole moments wit hin R-parity-violating supersymmetry, which call for higher-order perturbative computations. A new method based on linear programming is developed and for the first time the non-trivial parameter space ofR-parity violation respecting the constraints from existing experimental data of the electric dipole moment is revealed. As well, the impressive efficiency of the new method in scanning the parameter space of the R-parity-violatingsector is effectively demonstrated. This new method makes it possible to ex tract from the experimental data a more reliable constraint on the R-parity violation
Contents:Introduction
The Supersymmetry
Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
R
parity Violation and Phenomenological Constraints
Backgrounds and Motivations for EDM Search
Hadron Level Calculation
Nuclear Level Calculation
Atomic Level Calculation
EDM in the Standard Model
Constraints on Supersymmetric Models from Electric Dipole Moments
Leading RPV Contributions to the EDM Observables
Classification of RPV Couplings and RPV Dependence to EDM Observables
Reappraisal of Constraints on R
parity Violation from EDM at the Leading Order
Analysis of the Maximal CP Viol
ISBN:9784431545446
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783662441725:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supersymmetry After the Higgs Discovery [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ignatios Antoniadis
Dumitru Ghilencea
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Supersymmetry (SUSY) is a new symmetry that relates bosons and fermions, which has strong support at both the mathematical and the physical level. This book offers a comprehensive review, following the development of SUSY from itsvery early days up t o present. The order of the contributions should provide the reader with the historical development as well as the latest theoretical updates and interpretations, and experimental constraints from particleaccelerators and dark matter searches. It is a gre at pleasure to bring together here contributions from authors who initiated or have contributed significantly to the development of this theory over so many years. To present a balancedpoint of view, the book also includes a closing contribution that atte mpts to describe the physics beyond the Standard Model in the absence of SUSY. The contributions to this book have been previously published in The EuropeanPhysical Journal C - Particles and Fields
Contents:P. Ramond, SUSY: the early years (19661976)
P. Fayet, The Supersymmetric Standard Model
I. Melzer
Pellmann (CMS), P. Pralavorio (ATLAS), Lessons for SUSY from the LHC after the first run
J. Ellis, Supersymmetric fits after the Higgs discovery and implications for model building
A. Djouadi, Implications of the Higgs discovery for the MSSM
G. G. Ross, SUSY: Quo Vadis?
R. Catena, L. Covi, SUSY dark matter(s)
H. P. Nilles, The strings connection: MSSM
like models from strings
B. Bellazzini, C. Cski, J. Serra, Composit
ISBN:9783662441725
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642452017:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamental Physics in Particle Traps [electronic resource]
Author(s): Wolfgang Quint
Manuel Vogel
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume provides detailed insight into the field of precision spectroscopy and fundamental physics with particles confined in traps. It comprises experiments with electrons and positrons, protons and antiprotons, antimatterand highly charged ions , together with corresponding theoretical background. Such investigations represent stringent tests of quantum electrodynamics and the Standard model, antiparticle and antimatter research, test of fundamentalsymmetries, constants, and their possible varia tions with time and space. They are key to various aspects within metrology such as mass measurements and time standards, as well as promising to further developments in quantuminformation processing. The reader obtains a valuable source of information su ited for beginners and experts with an interest in fundamental studies using particle traps
Contents:Precise Matter and Antimatter Tests of the Standard Model with e
, e+, p, p and H(G. Gabrielse, S. Fogwell Hoogerheide, J. Dorr and E. Novitski)
Theory of Anomalous Magnetic Dipole Moments of the Electron (M. Hayakawa)
Magnetic Moment of the Bound Electron (M. Vogel and W. Quint)
QED Theory of the Bound
Electron Magnetic Moment (D.A. Glazov, A.V. Volotka, V.M. Shabaev, and G. Plunien)
The Magnetic Moments of the Proton and the Antiproton (S. Ulmer and C. Smorra)
Fundamental Physics with Antihydrogen (J.S. Hangst)
High
precision Mass Measurements of Radionuclides with Pennin
ISBN:9783642452017
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v256
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319077468:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Large Scale Structures [electronic resource] : A Window on the Dark Components of the Universe
Author(s): Stphane Ili
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Dark Energy and Dark Matter are among the greatest mysteries in modern cosmology. The present work explores in depth how large cosmic structures can help us unveil the nature of these components of the Universe. One the one hand,it focuses on a signa ture that Dark Energy imprints on the Cosmic Microwave Background through its impact on the time-evolution of gravitational potentials: the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (iSW) effect. Another cosmological background, theCosmic Infrared Background, is considered for the first time in the study of the iSW effect and demonstrated to be a highly efficient and promising tracer. Changing the perspective on the problem, the use of superstructures for iSWdetection is then extensively reviewed: using precise solutions to Einsteins general relativity equations, the full iSW effect is computed, especially due to the cosmic voids predicted by the theory. Using measurements from the mostrecent data, it is subsequently shown how the iSW probes the solidity of the cosmological standard model. On the topic of Dark Matter, an original study is presented, showing that temperature measurements of the intergalactic mediumshed light on the nature of Dark Matter particles, providing the tightest constraints on their decay properties
Contents:Introduction: The Ingredients of a Good Cosmological Probe
Unravelling the iSW Effect Through the Matter Distribution
The Impact of Identified Superstructures in the CMB
Towards a Full Modelling of the iSW effect
Studying Dark Matter Through the Lens of Reionisation
Conclusions & Perspectives
ISBN:9783319077468
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319071916:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Third generation SUSY and tt +Z production [electronic resource] : Searches using the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
Author(s): Josh McFayden
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis describes searches for new particles predicted by the supersymmetry (SUSY) theory, a theory extending beyond the current Standard Model of particle physics, using the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider.The thesis focuses on searches for stop and sbottom squarks, the SUSY partners of the top and bottom quarks, which are expected to be lighter than the partners of the first and second generation quarks and therefore good candidates forthe first evidence of SUSY. It describes n ovel techniques for estimating and rejecting the Standard-Model backgrounds to searches for these particles. It also includes an independent analysis seeking to constrain the Standard ModelttZ background process, which also represents the first ATLAS sear ch for this rare process at the LHC. The stop squark analysis described, with substantial leading contributions from the author, is the first search for these particlesat the LHC to use the jets plus missing transverse energy plus 0-lepton signature and p rovides the world's best limits on the stop mass for light neutralino LSPs. All in all, the thesis describes three different world-leading analysesin both Standard Model and SUSY physics and therefore represents a major contribution to the field
Contents:Introduction and Theoretical Background
The LHC and ATLAS Detector
Analysis Tools
Trigger
Search for tt+Z Production
Third Generation SUSY Searches
Search for Direct sbottom Pair Production
Search for Direct Stop Pair Production
Summary
ISBN:9783319071916
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319071367:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Cross-Section from Heavy-Flavour Decays and Search for Compressed Supersymmetric Scenarios with the ATLAS Experiment [electronic resource]
Author(s): Moritz Backes
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The first part of this thesis presents the measurement of the inclusive cross-section for electron production from heavy-flavour decays in the electron transverse momentum range 7 GeV < pT < 26 GeV using 1.3 pb1 of 7 TeVproton-proton collision data c ollected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in 2010. The measured value of the cross-section within the fiducial range of the analysis is _e^HF = 0.946 0.020(stat.) 0.146(syst.) 0.032(lumi.) b. Theoretical predictions are in good agree ment with the measurement. The second part of this thesis is a search for compressed supersymmetric scenarios in events with missing transverse energy, jets, and oneisolated low-pT lepton in the final state using 4.7 fb-1 of ATLAS data collected at 7 TeV center-of-mass energy in 2011. No significant excess of events over the Standard Model expectation is observed and exclusion limits are derivedfor a number of supersymmetric models
Contents:Theoretical Background
Experimental Setup
Data Acquisition and Data Processing
Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Cross
Section from Heavy
Flavour Decays with 2010 Data
Search for Compressed Supersymmetry with 2011 Data
ISBN:9783319071367
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070735:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electroweak Symmetry Breaking [electronic resource] : By Dynamically Generated Masses of Quarks and Leptons
Author(s): Mgr.Adam Smetana
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:With this thesis the author contributes to the development of a nonmainstream but long-standing approach to electroweak symmetry breaking based on an analogy with superconductivity. Electroweak symmetry breaking is assumed to becaused by dynamically generated masses of typical fermions, i.e., of quarks and leptons, which in turn assumes a new dynamics between quarks and leptons. Primarily it is designed to generate fermion masses, and electroweak symmetrybreaking is an automatic consequence.. the sum mary of the topic, the first main part of the thesis addresses the question as to whether the masses of known quarks and leptons provide sufficiently strong sources of electroweak symmetrybreaking. It is demonstrated that neutrino masses subject to the se esaw mechanism are indispensable ingredients. The other two parts of the thesis are dedicated to the presentation of two particular models: The first model is based onthe new strong Yukawa dynamics and serves as a platform for studying the ability to repr oduce fermion masses. The second, more realistic model introduces a flavor gauge dynamics and its phenomenological consequences are studied.Although interest in this type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of the Standard -Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in this type of model has waxed and wanedover the years, following the discovery of the Standard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in th is type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of theStandard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance
Contents:Dynamical Electroweak Symmetry Breaking
Top
Quark and Neutrino Condensation
Model of Strong Yukawa Dynamics
Model of Flavor Gauge Dynamics
ISBN:9783319070735
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Searches for CP Violation in Charmed Meson Decays [electronic resource] : A Study of D+ K - K+ + at the LHCb Experiment / by Hamish Gordon
Author(s): Hamish Gordon
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Our current understanding of the fundamental building blocks of the Universe, summarised by the Standard Model of particle physics, is incomplete. For example, it fails to explain why we do not see equal, or almost equal, numbersof particles and thei r antiparticle partners. To explain this asymmetry requires, among other effects, a mechanism known as charge-parity (CP) violation that causes differences between the rates at which particles and antiparticlesdecay. CP violation is seen in systems contai ning bottom and strange quarks, but not in those with up, charm or top quarks. This thesis describes searches for particle-antiparticle asymmetries in the decay rates of charmed mesons. Noevidence of CP violation is found. With current sensitivities, an a symmetry large enough to observe probably could not be explained by the Standard Model. Instead an explanation could come from new physics, for example contributionsfrom supersymmetric or other undiscovered heavy particles. In the thesis, the development of new techniques to search for these asymmetries is described. They are applied to data from the LHCb experiment at CERN to make precisemeasurements of asymmetries in the D^+->K^-K^+pi^+ decay channel. This is the most promising charged D decay for CP vi olation searches
Contents:Theoretical Background
The LHCb Detector
Search for CP Violation in D^+
>K^
K^+pi^ Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2010
Search for CP Violation in D+ ! + Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2011
Conclusions and Outlook
Appendix
ISBN:9783319070674
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319062211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Accurate Calibration of Raman Systems [electronic resource] : At the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino Experiment
Author(s): Magnus Schlsser
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Neutrinos can arguably be labeled as the most fascinating elementary particles known as their small but non-zero rest mass points to new mass generating mechanisms beyond the Standard Model, and also assigns primordial neutrinosfrom the Big Bang a di stinct role in shaping the evolution of large-scale structures in the universe. The open question of the absolute neutrino mass scale will be addressed by the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment,currently under construction. This thesis reports major contributions to developing and implementing new laser-spectroscopic precision tools to continuously monitor the isotope content of the windowless gaseous tritium source ofKATRIN. The method of choice, Raman spectroscopy, is ideally suited for in-s itu monitoring of all six hydrogen isotopologues. In a series of beautiful experiments the author obtained two independent novel calibration methods, firstbased on a comparison of experimental Raman depolarization ratios with corresponding quantum-chemica l calculations, and second on a gas sampling technique. Both methods yield consistent cross-calibration results and, as well asyielding improvements in precision, will be of major importance in reducing systematic effects in long-term neutrino mass measur ements. The methods developed in this thesis also have great potential to further broaden the applicationsof Raman spectroscopy to study extended sources such as in atmospheric physics.
ISBN:9783319062211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319061306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carlo M Becchi
Giovanni Ridolfi
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results
Contents:Introduction
Relativistic field theory
Scattering theory
Feynman
Spinor fields
Gauge symmetries
The standard model
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry
Breaking of accidental symmetries
Summary
Applications
Neutrino masses and mixing
A. Large
time evolution of the free field
B. Scattering from an external density
C. Dirac matrices
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory
References
ISBN:9783319061306
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319058672:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tensorial Methods and Renormalization in Group Field Theories [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sylvain Carrozza
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The main focus of this thesis is the mathematical structure of Group Field Theories (GFTs) from the point of view of renormalization theory. Such quantum field theories are found in approaches to quantum gravity related, on theone hand, to Loop Quant um Gravity (LQG) and, on the other, to matrix- and tensor models. Background material on these topics, including conceptual and technical aspects, are introduced in the first chapters. The work then goes on toexplain how the standard tools of Quantum Fiel d Theory can be generalized to GFTs, and exploited to study the large cut-off behaviour and renormalization group transformations of the latter. Among the new results derived in thiscontext are a proof of renormalizability of a three-dimensional GFT with gauge group SU(2), which opens the way to applications of the formalism to quantum gravity
Contents:Motivations and Scope of the Present Work
Two Paths to Group Field Theories
Colors and Tensor Invariance
Large N Expansion in Topological Group Field Theories
Renormalization of Tensorial Group Field Theories: Generalities
Super
Renormalizable U(1) Models in Four Dimensions
Just
Renormalizable SU(2) Model in Three Dimensions
ISBN:9783319058672
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Group theory , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319057569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Polarization and CP Violation Measurements [electronic resource] : Angular Analysis of B -> K* Decays and Search for CP Violation at the Belle Experiment
Author(s): Michael Prim
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis describes the thorough analysis of the rare B meson decay into K* on data taken by the Belle Collaboration at the B-meson-factory KEKB over 10 years. This reaction is very interesting, because it in principleallows the observation of CP- violation effects. In the Standard Model however, no CP violation in this reaction is expected. An observation of CP asymmetries thus immediately implies new physics. This thesis presents an amplitudeanalysis of this decay and the search for CP violation in detail and discusses methods to solve related problems: The quantification of multivariate dependence and the improvement of numeric evaluation speed of normalization integralsin amplitude analysis. In addition it provides an overview of the theory, ex perimental setup, (blind) statistical data analysis and estimation of systematic uncertainties
Contents:Introduction
Theoretical Principles
The Belle Experiment
Analysis Methods and Tools
Reconstruction and Selection
Maximum Likelihood Fit Model
Measurement of B
> K* Decays
Conclusion
ISBN:9783319057569
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319050058:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solving Non-standard Packing Problems by Global Optimization and Heuristics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Giorgio Fasano
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book results from a long-term research effort aimed at tackling complex non-standard packing issues which arise in space engineering. The main research objective is to optimize cargo loading and arrangement, in compliancewith a set of stringent rules. Complicated geometrical aspects are also taken into account, in addition to balancing conditions based on attitude control specifications. Chapter 1 introduces the class of non-standard packing problemsstudied. Chapter 2 gives a detailed explanatio n of a general model for the orthogonal packing of tetris-like items in a convex domain. A number of additional conditions are looked at in depth, including the prefixed orientation ofsubsets of items, the presence of unusable holes, separation planes and structural elements, relative distance bounds as well as static and dynamic balancing requirements. The relative feasibility sub-problem which is a special casethat does not have an optimization criterion is discussed in Chapter 3. This setting can be ex ploited by introducing an ad hoc objective function, aimed at facilitating the finding of integer-feasible solutions. The third chapter alsodiscusses the issue of tightening the general MIP model by introducing valid inequalities. A MIP-based heuristic ap proach is developed in Chapter 4, where the basic concept of abstract configuration is presented. Chapter 5 is devotedto experimental results relevant to a real-world application framework. Chapter 6 adopts both extensions of the general MIP model and non -linear formulations to tackle two further non-standard packing issues. The final Chapter 7presents conclusions and provides insights regarding prospective developments (including non-standard scheduling aspects). Practitioners and researchers interested in advanced optimization model development and solution in the contextof logistics, transportation systems, complex structures, manufacturing and electronics will find this book useful. The book can als
Contents:1. Non
standard packing problems
2. Tetris
like items
3. Model reformulations and tightening
4. Heuristic approaches for solving the tetris
like problem in practice
5. Computational experience and real world context
6. Extensions and mixed
integer non
linear approaches forfurther applications
7. Directions for future research
Appendix
Case Studies
References
ISBN:9783319050058
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Optimization, 2190-8354
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Visualization , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319032573:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Heavy Neutral Particle Decays to Tau Pairs [electronic resource] : Detected with CMS in Proton Collisions at \sqrt{s} = 7TeV
Author(s): Michail Bachtis
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The work presented in this thesis spans a wide range of experimental particle physics subjects, starting from level-1 trigger electronics to the final results of the search for Higgs boson decay andto tau lepton pairs. Thethesis describes an innovati ve reconstruction algorithm for tau decays and details how it was instrumental in providing a measurement of Z decay to tau lepton pairs. The reliability of the analysis is fully established by thismeasurement before the Higgs boson decay to tau lepton pa irs is considered. The work described here continues to serve as a model for analysing CMS Higgs to tau leptons measurements.
Contents:The Standard Model of Particle Physics
Supersymmetry and the MSSM
Experimental Setup
Event Simulation
Event Reconstruction
Hadronic Tau Identification and Trigger
Selection of Tau Pairs
Measurement of Z , Production
Search for Higgs Bosons
Synopsis
Calorimeter Trigger Upgrade for Higher Luminosities
ISBN:9783319032573
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319018423:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-minimal Higgs Inflation and Frame Dependence in Cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Friedrich Steinwachs
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis explores the idea that the Higgs boson of the Standard Model and the cosmological inflaton are just two manifestations of one and the same scalar field - the Higgs-inflaton. By this unification two energy scales thatare separated by many orders of magnitude are connected, thereby building a bridge between particle physics and cosmology. An essential ingredient for making this model consistent with observational data is a strong non-minimalcoupling to gravity. Predictions for the value of the Higgs mass as well as for cosmological parameters are derived, and can be tested by future experiments. The results become especially exciting in the light of the recently announceddiscovery of the Higgs boson. The model of non-minimal Higgs inflation is also used in a quantum cosmological context to predict initial conditions for inflation. These results can in turn be tested by the detection of primordialgravitational waves. Thepresentation includesall introductory material about cosmology and the S tandard Model that is essential forthe further understanding. It also provides an introduction to the mathematical methods used tocalculate the effective action by heat kernel methods
Contents:Introduction
Cosmology
Standard Model
Effective Action and Renormalization Group
One
Loop Cosmology and Frame Dependence
Non
minimal Higgs Inflation
Quantum Cosmology
Summary and Outlook
Riemann Curvature Tensor
Variations and Derivatives
Young Tableaux for Su (3)
Synge's World Function
ISBN:9783319018423
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319014876:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Top Quark Pair Production [electronic resource] : Precision Measurements of the Top Quark Pair Production Cross Section in the Single Lepton Channel with the ATLAS Experiment
Author(s): Anna Christine Henrichs
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Before any kind of new physics discovery could be made at the LHC, a precise understanding and measurement of the Standard Model of particle physics' processes was necessary. The book provides an introduction to top quarkproduction in the context of the Standard Model and presents two such precise measurements of the production of top quark pairs in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV that were observed with the ATLASExperiment at the LHC. The presented measurements focus on events with one charged lepton, missing transverse energy and jets. Using novel and advanced analysis techniques as well as a good understanding of the detector, theyconstitute the most precise measurements of the quantity at that time
Contents:Introduction
The Top Quark in the Context of the Standard Model
Experimental Setup
Objects and Processes
General Analysis Strategy
Measurement of tt in 35 pb1 of Data
Measurement of tt in 0.7 fb1 of Data
Future Extension to a Simultaneous Measurement of tt and Rb
Conclusions
Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 35 pb1 of Data
Separate Lepton Channel Fits in 0.7 fb1 of Data
ISBN:9783319014876
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319011776:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Background Processes in the Electrostatic Spectrometers of the KATRIN Experiment [electronic resource]
Author(s): Susanne Mertens
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Neutrinos continue tobe the most mysterious and, arguably, the most fascinating particles of the Standard Model as their intrinsic properties such as absolute mass scale and CP properties are unknown. The open question of theabsolute neutrino mass sc ale will be addressed with unprecedented accuracy by the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment, currently under construction. This thesisfocusses on the spectrometer part of KATRIN and backgroundprocesses therein. Various background sources such as small Penning traps, as well as nuclear decays from single radon atoms are fully characterized here for the first time. Most importantly, however, it was possible to reduce thebackground in the spectrometer by more than five orders of magnitude by elim inating Penning traps and by developing a completely new background reduction method by stochastically heating trapped electrons using electron cyclotronresonance (ECR). The workbeautifully demonstrates that the obstacles and challenges in measuring the a bsolute mass scale of neutrinos can be met successfully if novel experimental tools (ECR) and novel computing methods(KASSIOPEIA) are combined to allow almost background-freetritium -spectroscopy
Contents:Abstract
Introduction and objectives of the thesis
Neutrino Physics
The KATRIN experiment
Monte Carlo simulation package
Muon induced background
Background due to Penning traps
Background due to stored electrons following nuclear decays
Background due to stored electrons following nuclear decays
Conclusion
Optimization of the spectrometer transmission properties with the air coil system
Comparison of transmission measurements at the pre
spectrometer with Kassiopeia simulations
Alternative methods of removing stored electrons
ISBN:9783319011776
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319009636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The BL Phase Transition [electronic resource] : Implications for Cosmology and Neutrinos
Author(s): Kai Schmitz
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Several of the very foundations of the cosmological standard model the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter, and the origin of the hot big bang itself still call for an explanation from the perspective offundamental physics. This workadvoc ates one intriguing possibility for a consistent cosmology that fills in the theoretical gaps while being fully in accordance with the observational data. At very high energies, the universe mighthave been in a false vacuum state that preserved B-L, the d ifference between the baryon number B and the lepton number L as a local symmetry. In this state, the universe experienced a stage of hybrid inflation that only ended when thefalse vacuum became unstable and decayed, in the course of a waterfall transitio n, into a phase with spontaneously broken B-L symmetry. This B-L Phase Transition was accompanied by tachyonic preheating that transferred almost theentire energy of the false vacuum into a gas of B-L Higgs bosons, which in turn decayed into heavy Majoran a neutrinos. Eventually, these neutrinos decayed into massless radiation, thereby producing the entropy of the hot big bang,generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe via the leptogenesis mechanism and setting the stage for the production of dark mat ter. Next to a variety of conceptual novelties and phenomenological predictions, the main achievement ofthe thesis is hence the fascinating notion that the leading role in the first act of our universe might have actually been played by neutrinos
Contents:Early Universe Cosmology
Framework for a Consistent Cosmology
Neutrino Phenomenology
Supersymmetric Abelian Higgs Model
Nonperturbative Dynamics
The Reheating Process
WIMP Dark Matter from Heavy Gravitino Decays
ISBN:9783319009636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319008912:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Incompressible Bipolar and Non-Newtonian Viscous Fluid Flow [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hamid Bellout
Frederick Bloom
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:The theory of incompressible multipolar viscous fluids is a non-Newtonian model of fluid flow, which incorporates nonlinear viscosity, as well as higher order velocity gradients, and is based on scientific first principles.TheNavier-Stokes model of f luid flow is based on the Stokes hypothesis, which a priori simplifies and restricts the relationship between the stress tensor and the velocity. By relaxing the constraints of the Stokes hypothesis, themathematical theory of multipolar viscous fluids gen eralizes the standard Navier-Stokes model.The rigorous theory of multipolar viscous fluids is compatible with all known thermodynamical processes and the principle of materialframe indifference this is in contrast with the formulation of most non-Newtonia n fluid flow models which result from ad hoc assumptions about the relation between the stress tensor and the velocity. The higher-order boundaryconditions, which must be formulated for multipolar viscous flow problems, are a rigorous consequence of the p rinciple of virtual work this is in stark contrast to the approach employed by authors who have studied the regularizingeffects of adding artificial viscosity, in the form of higher order spatial derivatives, to the Navier-Stokes model. A number of resea rch groups, primarily in the United States, Germany, Eastern Europe, and China, have explored theconsequences of multipolar viscous fluid models these efforts, and those of the authors, which are described in this book, have focused on the solution of pro blems in the context of specific geometries, on the existence of weak andclassical solutions, and on dynamical systems aspects of the theory. Thisvolume will bea valuable resource for mathematicians interested in solutions to systems of nonlinear partial differential equations, as well as to appliedmathematicians, fluid dynamicists, and mechanical engineers with an interest in the problems of fluid mechanics
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
I Incompressible Multipolar Fluid Dynamics
II Plane Poiseuille Flow of Incompressible Bipolar Viscous Fluids
III Incompressible Bipolar Fluid Dynamics: Examples of Other Flows and Geometries
IV General Existence and Uniqueness Theorems for Incompressible Bipolar and non
Newtonian Fluid Flow
V Attractors for Incompressible Bipolar and non
Newtonian Flows: Bounded Domains and Space Periodic Problems
VI Inertial Manifolds, Orbit Squeezing, and Attractors for Bipolar Flow in Unbounded Channels
A.I Notation, Definitions, and Results from Analysis
ISBN:9783319008912
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Advances in Mathematical Fluid Mechanics
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319008103:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Standard Model Measurements with the ATLAS Detector [electronic resource] : Monte Carlo Simulations of the Tile Calorimeter and Measurement of the Z Cross Section / by Jana Novakova
Author(s): Jana Novakova
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis deals with two main procedures performed with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The noise description in the hadronic calorimeter TileCal represents a very valuable technical job. The second partpresents a fruitful ph ysics analysis the cross section measurement of the process p + p Z0 + . The Monte Carlo simulations of the TileCal are described in the first part of the thesis, including a detailed treatmentof the electronic noise and multiple interactions (so-calle d pile-up). An accurate description of both is crucial for the reconstruction of e.g. jets or hadronic tau-jets. The second part reports a Standard Model measurementof the Z0 + process with the emphasis on the final state with an electron and a hadronically decaying tau-lepton. The Z0 + channel forms the dominant background in the search for Higgs bosons decaying into tau lepton pairs,and thus the good understanding achi eved here can facilitate more sensitive Higgs detection
Contents:Overview of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC
Monte Carlo simulations of the Tile calorimeter
Electron efficiency measurement
Z0 + cross section measurement
ISBN:9783319008103
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319007922:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Adaptive Logics for Defeasible Reasoning [electronic resource] : Applications in Argumentation, Normative Reasoning and Default Reasoning
Author(s): Christian Straer
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents adaptive logics as an intuitive and powerful framework for modeling defeasible reasoning. It examines various contexts in which defeasible reasoning is useful and offers a compact introduction into adaptivelogics. The author first familiarizes readers with defeasible reasoning, the adaptive logics framework, combinations of adaptive logics, and a range of useful meta-theoretic properties. He then offers a systematic study of adaptivelogics based on various applications. The book pr esents formal models for defeasible reasoning stemming from different contexts, such as default reasoning, argumentation, and normative reasoning. It highlights various meta-theoreticadvantages of adaptive logics over other logics or logical frameworks th at model defeasible reasoning. In this way the book substantiates the status of adaptive logics as a generic formal framework for defeasible reasoning
Contents:Chapter 1. Introduction
Part I. Adaptive Logics as a Framework for Defeasible Logics
Chapter 2 The Standard Format of Adaptive Logics
Chapter 3. Sequential Combinations of ALs
Chapter 4. On the Transparency of Defeasible Logics: Equivalent Premise Sets, Equivalence of Their Extensions, and Maximality of the Lower Limit
Chapter 5. Generalizing the Standard Format
Part II. Conditional Logics of Normality
Chapter 6. Adaptively Applying Modus Ponens in Conditional Logics of Normality
Chapter 7. An Adaptive Logic for Rational Closure
Part III. Argumentation Theory
Chap
ISBN:9783319007922
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Trends in Logic, Studia Logica Library, 1572-6126 : v38
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Philosophy (General) , Logic , Science Philosophy , Artificial intelligence
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319007625:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond Standard Model Phenomenology at the LHC [electronic resource]
Author(s): Priscila de Aquino
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis provides an introduction to the physics of the Standard Model and beyond, and to the methods used to analyse Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data. The 'hierarchy problem', astrophysical data and experiments on neutrinosindicate that new physi cs can be expected at the now accessible TeV scale. This work investigates extensions of the Standard Model with gravitons and gravitinos (in the context of supergravity). The production of these particles inassociation with jets is studied as one of the most promising avenues for researching new physics at the LHC. Advanced simulation techniques and tools, such as algorithms allowing the computation of Feynman graphs and helicityamplitudes are first developed and then employed
Contents:Introduction
The Standard Model
Gravitation in Beyond Standard Model theories
The LHC and collision simulations
Phenomenology of graviton production
Gravitino production at the LHC
Epilogue
Massless graviton implementation
New routines for ADD theories in MadGraph
ALOHA
ISBN:9783319007625
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319000237:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Econophysics of Agent-Based Models [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frdric Abergel
Hideaki Aoyama
Bikas K Chakrabarti
Anirban Chakraborti
Asim Ghosh
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The primary goal of this book is to present the research findings and conclusions of physicists, economists, mathematicians and financial engineers working in the field of Econophysics who have undertaken agent-basedmodelling, comparison with empiric al studies and related investigations. Most standard economic models assume the existence of the representative agent, who is perfectly rational and applies the utility maximization principlewhen taking action. One reason for this is the desire to keep mo dels mathematically tractable: no tools are available to economists for solving non-linear models of heterogeneous adaptive agents without explicit optimization. Incontrast, multi-agent models, which originated from statistical physics considerations, all ow us to go beyond the prototype theories of traditional economics involving the representative agent. This book is based on theEconophys-Kolkata VII Workshop, at which many such modelling efforts were presented. In the book, leading researchers in their fields report on their latest work, consider recent developments and review the contemporary literature
Contents:Agent
based modeling of zapping behavior of viewers, television commercial allocation, and advertisement markets by Hiroyuki Kyan and Jun
ichi Inoue
Agent based modeling of Housing asset bubble: A simple utility function based investigation by Kausik Gangopadhyay and Kousik Guhathakurta
Urn model
based adaptive Multi
arm clinical trials: A stochastic approximation approach by Sophie Laruelle and Gilles Pags
Logistic modeling of a Religious Sect features by Marcel Ausloos
Characterizing financial crisis by means of the three states random field Ising model by Mitsuaki Murota and J
ISBN:9783319000237
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:New Economic Windows, 2039-411X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Economics , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493903177:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Test Equating, Scaling, and Linking [electronic resource] : Methods and Practices
Author(s): Michael J Kolen
Robert L Brennan
Date:2014
Edition:3rd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book provides an introduction to test equating, scaling, and linking, including those concepts and practical issues that are critical for developers and all other testing professionals. In addition to statisticalprocedures, successful equating, scaling, and linking involves many aspects of testing, including procedures to develop tests, to administer and score tests, and to interpret scores earned on tests. Test equating methods are used withmany standardized tests in education and psychology to ensure that scores from multiple test forms can be used interchangeably. Test scaling is the process of developing score scales that are used when scores on standardized testsare reported. In test linking, scores from two or more tests are related to one another. Linking has received much recent attention, due largely to investigations of linking similarly named tests from different test publishers or testsconstructed for different purposes. In recent years, researchers from the education, psychology, an d statistics communities have contributed to the rapidly growing statistical and psychometric methodologies used in test equating,scaling, and linking. In addition to the literature covered in previous editions, this new edition presents coverage of signi ficant recent research. In order to assist researchers, advanced graduate students and testing professionals,examples are used frequently, and conceptual issues are stressed. New material includes model determination in log-linear smoothing, in-depth pres entation of chained linear and equipercentile equating, equating criteria, test scoring,and a new section on scores for mixed-format tests. In the third edition, each chapter contains a reference list, rather than having a single reference list at the end of the volume The themes of the third edition include: * thepurposes of equating, scaling and linking and their practical context * data collection designs * statistical methodology * designing r
Contents:Introduction and Concepts
Observed Score Equating Using the Random Groups Design
Random Groups Smoothing in Equipercentile Equating
Nonequivalent Groups Linear Methods
Nonequivalent Groups Equipercentile Methods
Item Response Theory Methods
Standard Errors of Equating
Practical Issues in Equating
Score Scales
Linking
Appendices
Answers to Exercises
Computer Programs
Index
ISBN:9781493903177
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Educational tests and measurements , Psychometrics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461482260:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multi-scale Analysis for Random Quantum Systems with Interaction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Victor Chulaevsky
Yuri Suhov
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:The study of quantum disorder has generated considerable research activity in mathematics and physics over past 40 years. While single-particle models have been extensively studied at a rigorous mathematical level, little wasknown about systems of se veral interacting particles, let alone systems with positive spatial particle density. Creating a consistent theory of disorder in multi-particle quantum systems is an important and challenging problem thatlargely remains open. Multi-scale Analysis for Ra ndom Quantum Systems with Interaction presents the progress that had been recently achieved in this area. The main focus of the book is on a rigorous derivation of themulti-particle localization in a strong random external potential field. To make the pr esentation accessible to a wider audience, the authors restrict attention to a relatively simple tight-binding Anderson model on a cubic lattice Zd. This book includes the following cutting-edge features: * an introduction to the state-of-the-art single-p article localization theory * an extensive discussion of relevant technical aspects of the localization theory * a thoroughcomparison of the multi-particle model with its single-particle counterpart * a self-contained rigorous derivation of both spectral and dynamical localization in the multi-particle tight-binding Anderson model. Required mathematicalbackground for the book includes a knowledge of functional calculus, spectral theory (essentially reduced to the case of finite matrices) and basic probab ility theory. This is an excellent text for a year-long graduate course orseminar in mathematical physics. It also can serve as a standard reference for specialists
Contents:Preface
Part I Single
particle Localisation
A Brief History of Anderson Localization
Single
Particle MSA Techniques
Part II Multi
particle Localization
Multi
particle Eigenvalue Concentration Bounds
Multi
particle MSA Techniques
References
Index
ISBN:9781461482260
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Progress in Mathematical Physics, 1544-9998 : v65
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional analysis , Distribution (Probability theory) , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642362262:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electroweak Processes in External Active Media [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Kuznetsov
Nickolay Mikheev
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Expanding on the concept of the authors previous book ElectroweakProcesses in External Electromagnetic Fields, this new book systematically describes the investigation methods for the effects of external active media,both strong electromagnetic field s and hot dense plasma, in quantum processes. Solving the solar neutrino puzzle in a unique experiment conducted with the help of the heavy-waterdetector at the Sudbery Neutrino Observatory, alongwith another neutrino experiments, brings to the fore elect roweak physics in anactive external medium. It is effectively demonstrated that processes of neutrino interactions with active media of astrophysical objects may lead, undersome physical conditions, to such interesting effects as neutrino-driven shockwave revival in a supernova explosion, acherry stone shooting mechanism for pulsar natal kick, and aneutrino pulsar. It is also shown how poorestimates of particledispersion in external active media sometimes lead to confusion. Thebook will appeal to graduate and post-graduate students of theoreticalphysics with a prior understanding of Quantum Field Theory (QFT) andthe Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions, as well asto specialists in QFT who want to know more about the problems ofquantum phenomena in h ot dense plasma and external electromagnetic fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Solutions of the Dirac Equation in an External Electromagnetic Field
Propagators of Charged Particles in External Active Media
Particle Dispersion inExternal Active Media
Electromagnetic Interactions inExternal Active Media
Neutrino
Electron Interactions in External Active Media
Neutrino
Photon Interactions inExternal Active Media
Conclusion
ISBN:9783642362262
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v252
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642333415:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamical Stabilization of the Fermi Scale [electronic resource] : Towards a Composite Universe
Author(s): Francesco Sannino
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This lecture-based, concise primer introduces and summarize basic features associated with dynamical breaking of the electroweak symmetry in elementary particle physics. In particular, the phase diagram of strongly-coupledtheories as function of the number of colors, flavors and matter representation, playing a fundamental role when trying to construct viable extensions of the standard model, are examined for SU(N) gauge theories with fermionic mattertransforming according to arbitrary representation s of the underlying gauge group. We will further discuss how the phase diagram can be used to construct unparticle models and then review Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) and otherextensions, such as partially gauged and split technicolor. Eventually, th e unification of the standard model gauge couplings will be revisited within technicolor extensions of the standard model. A number of appendices will helpstudent and newcomers to the field reviewing some basic methods and provide them with useful details
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Technicolor Prelude
Conformal Dynamics Interlude
Minimal Technicolor Models: Toccata and Fugue
Composite Dark Matters: Coda
Appendix
ISBN:9783642333415
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642330629:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photon Physics at the LHC [electronic resource] : A Measurement of Inclusive Isolated Prompt Photon Production at s = 7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector
Author(s): Michael Hance
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This thesis reports on the first studies of Standard Model photon production at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) using the ATLAS detector. Standard Model photon production is a large background in the search for Higgs bosonsdecaying into photon pairs, and is thus critical to understand. The thesis explains the techniques used to reconstruct and identify photon candidates using the ATLAS detector, and describes a measurement of the production crosssection for isolated prompt photons. The thesis also de scribes a search for the Higgs boson in which the analysis techniques used in the measurement are exploited to reduce and estimate non-prompt backgrounds in diphoton events
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction and Theoretical Background
The LHC and the ATLAS Detector
Data Samples and Event Selection
Reconstruction and Identification of Prompt Photons
Efficiency Measurements
Background Estimation
Measurement and Systematics
Results of the Measurement and Comparison with Predictions
Extending the Measurement
ISBN:9783642330629
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642309076:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy Level Alignment and Electron Transport Through Metal/Organic Contacts [electronic resource] : From Interfaces to Molecular Electronics
Author(s): Enrique Abad
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years, ever more electronic devices have started to exploit the advantages of organic semiconductors. The work reported in this thesis focuses on analyzing theoretically the energy level alignment of differentmetal/organic interfaces, neces sary to tailor devices with good performance. Traditional methods based on density functional theory (DFT), are not appropriate for analyzing them because they underestimate the organic energy gap andfail to correctly describe the van der Waals forces. Si nce the size of these systems prohibits the use of more accurate methods, corrections to those DFT drawbacks are desirable. In this work a combination of a standard DFT calculationwith the inclusion of the charging energy (U) of the molecule, calculated f rom first principles, is presented. Regarding the dispersion forces, incorrect long range interaction is substituted by a van der Waals potential. With thesecorrections, the C60, benzene, pentacene, TTF and TCNQ/Au(111) interfaces are analyzed, both for s ingle molecules and for a monolayer. The results validate the induced density of interface states model
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theoretical Foundation
Further Developments in IDIS Model
The IDIS Model at the Molecular Limit
Results for Various Interfaces: C60, Benzene, TTF, TCNQ and Pentacene Over Au(111)
ISBN:9783642309076
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642103001:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Flavor Physics at the Tevatron [electronic resource] : Decay, Mixing and CP-Violation Measurements in pp-Collisions
Author(s): Thomas Kuhr
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book reviews the latest experimental results of charm and bottom flavor physics at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. The measurements of lifetimes, branching ratios and mixing properties of heavy flavored hadronsprovide important constrain ts on fundamental parameters of the standard model the elements of the CKM matrix. Comparisons of experimental results with theoretical predictions allow to search for physics beyond the standard model orto set bounds on parameters of new physics models. The experimental techniques developed at the Tevatron are highly relevant for the next generation flavor physics experiments at the LHC
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Flavor in the Standard Model
Theoretical Description of Mixing and CP
Violation
Experimental Techniques
Lifetime and Decay of B
Hadrons
Flavor Oscillations
CP
Violation in Mixing and the Interference of Mixing andDecay
Direct CP
Violation
Rare Decays
Conclusions
ISBN:9783642103001
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v249
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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