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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD SURFACE CHEMISTRY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/27873.1 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword surface chemistry ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319444390:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Operando Research in Heterogeneous Catalysis
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIV, 222 p. 101 illus., 59 illus. in color p.)
Contents:From the Contents: Scanning probe microscopy under high-pressure conditions -- Surface X-ray diffraction under high-pressure conditions -- Ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy -- Planar laser-induced fluorescence
ISBN:9783319444390
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Catalysis , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Materials , Physics , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Catalysis , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films
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Call number:3527318534:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Plasma Chemistry of Polymer Surfaces Techniques for Surface Design
Author(s): Friedrich
Date:2012
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (474 p.)
ISBN:9783527318537
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Materials Science
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Call number:0470868821:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Author(s): Pashley
Date:2004
Publisher:Wiley
Size:1 online resource (201 p.)
ISBN:9780470868829
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Materials Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319240435:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hard X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (HAXPES)
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (180 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24043-5
Contents:Overview -- Early Work and SSRP -- Instrumentation and Spin Resolved -- Theory -- Inelastic Mean Free Path -- Final State Effects -- Recoil Effects -- Atomic and Molecular -- Angle Resolved -- Valence Density of States -- Diffraction
-- Advanced Materials -- Correlated Materials -- Perovskite Interfaces and Superlattices -- Heusler Compounds -- In-Situ Surface Chemistry -- Heterojunction Band Alignment -- Semiconductor Electronics -- Photoelectron Imaging -- Time
Resolved
ISBN:9783319240435
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Surface Sciences: 59
Keywords: Physics , Spectroscopy , Atomic structure , Molecular structure , Spectra , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Microscopy , Materials , Physics , Atomic/Molecular Structure and Spectra , Spectroscopy/Spectrometry , Spectroscopy and Microscopy , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789814585217:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Relaxation of the Chemical Bond [electronic resource] : Skin Chemisorption Size Matter ZTP Mechanics H2O Myths
Author(s): Chang Q Sun
Date:2014
Publisher:Singapore : Springer
Size:1 online resource
Contents:From the Contents: Part I Molecular Chemisorption
Introduction
Foundations
STM and LEED: Atomic Valences and Bond Geometry
Part II Atomic Undercoordination
Introduction
Principles: BOLS and NEP
Surface Relaxation and Nanosolid Densification
Part III Mechano and Thermo Activation
Introduction
Principles
Liquid and Solid Surfaces
Part IV Water and Ice
Introduction
Principles: Hypotheses and Expectations
ISBN:9789814585217
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v108
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642375309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Bulk and Surface Electronic Structures
Author(s): Shigemasa Suga
Akira Sekiyama
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Photoelectron spectroscopy is now becoming more and more required to investigate electronic structures of various solid materials in the bulk, on surfaces as well as at buried interfaces. The energy resolution was much improved inthe last decade down to 1 meV in the low photon energy region. Now this technique is available from a few eV up to 10 keV by use of lasers, electron cyclotron resonance lamps in addition to synchrotron radiation and X-ray tubes. Highresolution angle resolved photoelectron sp ectroscopy (ARPES) is now widely applied to band mapping of materials. It attracts a wide attention from both fundamental science and material engineering. Studies of the dynamics of excitedstates are feasible by time of flight spectroscopywith fully util izing the pulse structures of synchrotron radiation as well as lasers including the free electron lasers (FEL). Spin resolved studies also made dramatic progress byusing higher efficiency spin detectors and two dimensional spin detectors. Polarization dep endent measurements in the whole photon energy spectrum of the spectra provide useful information on the symmetry of orbitals. The book dealswith the fundamental concepts and approaches for the application of this technique to materials studies. Complemen tary techniques such as inverse photoemission, photoelectron diffraction, photon spectroscopy including infrared andX-ray and scanning tunneling spectroscopy are presented. This book provides not only a wide scope of photoelectron spectroscopy of solids b ut also extends our understanding of electronic structures beyond photoelectron spectroscopy
Contents:Theoretical Background
Instrumentation and Methodology
Bulk and Surface Sensitivity of Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Examples of Angle Integrated Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Angle
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy in HV
regions
High Resolution Soft X
ray Angle
Integrated and
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Correlated Electron Systems
Very Low Photon Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Inverse Photoemission
Photoelectron Diffraction
Complementary Techniques for Studying Bulk Electronic Structures
Surface Spectroscopy by Scanning Tunneling Microscope
ISBN:9783642375309
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v176
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319011806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Studying Complex Surface Dynamical Systems Using Helium-3 Spin-Echo Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Barbara A. J Lechner
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Chemical reactions and growth processes on surfaces depend on the diffusion and re-orientation of the adsorbate molecules. A fundamental understanding of the forces guiding surface motion is thus of utmost importance for theadvancement of many fields of science and technology. To date, our understanding of the principles underlying surface dynamics remains extremely limited, due to the difficulties involved in measuring these processes experimentally. Thehelium-3 spin-echo (HeSE) technique is uniquel y capable of probing such surface dynamical phenomena. The present thesis extends the field of application of HeSE from atomic and small molecular systems to more complex systems.Improvements to the supersonic helium beam source, a key component of the sp ectrometer, as well as a detailed investigation of a range of five-membered aromatic adsorbate species are presented. The thesis provides a comprehensivedescription of many aspects of the HeSE method - instrumentation, measurement and data analysis - and as such offers a valuable introduction for newcomers to the field
Contents:Motivation
The helium
3 spin
echo experiment
A new helium atom scattering apparatus
An improved high intensity supersonic helium beam source
The dynamics of cyclopentadienyl on Cu(111)
Quantum influences in the diffusive motion of pyrrole on Cu(111)
The diffusive motion of thiophene on Cu(111)
Conclusions
ISBN:9783319011806
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461488484:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar System Astrophysics [electronic resource] : Background Science and the Inner Solar System
Author(s): Eugene F Milone
William J.F Wilson
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The second edition of Solar System Astrophysics: Background Science and the Inner Solar System provides new insights into the burgeoning field of planetary astronomy. As in the first edition, this volume begins with a rigoroustreatment of coordinate frames, basic positional astronomy, and the celestial mechanics of two and restricted three body system problems. Perturbations are treated in the same way, with clear step-by-step derivations. Then theEarths gravitational potential field and the Earth-Mo on system are discussed, and the exposition turns to radiation properties with a chapter on the Sun. The exposition of the physical properties of the Moon and the terrestrialplanets are greatly expanded, with much new information highlighted on the Moon, Mercury, Venus, and Mars. All of the material is presented within a framework of historical importance. This book and its sister volume, Solar SystemAstrophysics: Planetary Atmospheres and the Outer Solar System, are pedagogically well written, providing clearly illustrated explanations, for example, of such topics as the numerical integration of the Adams-Williamson equation, theequations of state in planetary interiors and atmospheres, Maxwells equations as applied to planetary ionospheres and magnetosp heres, and the physics and chemistry of the Habitable Zone in planetary systems. Together, the volumesform a comprehensive text for any university course that aims to deal with all aspects of solar and extra-solar planetary systems. They will appeal separ ately to the intellectually curious who would like to know just how far ourknowledge of the solar system has progressed in recent years
Contents:Perceptions of the Solar System in History
Basic Tools and Techniques
Celestial Mechanics
The Core of the Solar System: The Sun
General Properties of Terrestrial Planets
Planetary Heat Flow and Temperatures
Rocks and Minerals
The Moon's Surface, Structure, and Evolution
Surface Science of our Terrestrial Planets
ISBN:9781461488484
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642375552:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Protein-Nanoparticle Interactions [electronic resource] : The Bio-Nano Interface
Author(s): Masoud Rahman
Sophie Laurent
Nancy Tawil
L'Hocine Yahia
Morteza Mahmoudi
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years, the fabrication of nanomaterials and exploration of their properties have attracted the attention of various scientific disciplines such as biology, physics, chemistry, and engineering. Although nanoparticulatesystems are of signific ant interest in various scientific and technological areas, there is little known about the safety of these nanoscale objects. It has now been established that the surfaces of nanoparticles are immediatelycovered by biomolecules (e.g. proteins, ions, and enzymes) upon their entrance into a biological medium. This interaction with the biological medium modulates the surface of the nanoparticles, conferring a biological identity totheir surfaces (referred to as a corona), which determines the subsequent cel lular/tissue responses. The new interface between the nanoparticles and the biological medium/proteins, called bio-nano interface, has been veryrarely studied in detail to date, though the interest in this topic is rapidly growing. In this book, the impor tance of the physiochemical characteristics of nanoparticles for the properties of the protein corona is discussed indetail, followed by comprehensive descriptions of the methods for assessing the protein-nanoparticle interactions. The advantages and limi tations of available corona evaluation methods (e.g. spectroscopy methods, mass spectrometry,nuclear magnetic resonance, electron microscopy, X-ray crystallography, and differential centrifugal sedimentation) are examined in detail, followed by a discussi on of the possibilities for enhancing the current methods and a call fornew techniques. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of protein-nanoparticle interaction phenomena are explored and discussed, with a focus on the biological impacts
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Biological Significance of Nano interactions
Nanoparticle and Protein Corona
Protein Corona: Applications and Challenges
Analytical Methods for Corona Evaluations
ISBN:9783642375552
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Biophysics, 0932-2353 : v15
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Life sciences , Toxicology , Biochemistry , RNA-ligand interactions , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642367052:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Organic Solid-State Lasers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sbastien Forget
Sbastien Chnais
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Organic lasers are broadly tunable coherent sources, potentially compact, convenient and manufactured at low-costs. Appeared in the mid 60s as solid-state alternatives for liquid dye lasers, they recently gained a newdimension after the demonstration of organic semiconductor lasers in the 90's. More recently, new perspectives appeared at the nanoscale, with organic polariton and surface plasmon lasers. After a brief reminder to laser physics, afirst chapter exposes what makes organic solid-state orga nic lasers specific. The laser architectures used in organic lasers are then reviewed, with a state-of-the-art review of the performances of devices with regard to output power,threshold, lifetime, beam quality etc. A survey of the recent trends in the fi eld is given, highlighting the latest developments with a special focus on the challenges remaining for achieving direct electrical pumping of organicsemiconductor lasers. A last chapter covers the applications of organic solid-state lasers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Fundamentals of laser physics
Organic materials for solid
state lasers
Organic Lasers resonators
Prospects for electrical pumping
Organic lasers at the nanoscale
Applications of organic solid
state lasers
ISBN:9783642367052
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v175
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microwaves , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642329708:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Epitaxy of Semiconductors [electronic resource] : Introduction to Physical Principles
Author(s): Udo W Pohl
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Introduction to Epitaxy provides the essential information for a comprehensive upper-level graduate course treating the crystalline growth of semiconductor heterostructures. Heteroepitaxy represents the basis of advancedelectronic and optoelectronic devices today and is considered one of the top fields in materials research. The book covers the structural and electronic properties of strained epitaxial layers, the thermodynamics and kinetics of layergrowth, and the description of the major growth tec hniques metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy, molecular beam epitaxy and liquid phase epitaxy. Cubic semiconductors, strain relaxation by misfit dislocations, strain and confinementeffects on electronic states, surface structures and processes during nucleati on and growth are treated in detail. The Introduction to Epitaxy requires only little knowledge on solid-state physics. Students of natural sciences,materials science and electrical engineering as well as their lecturers benefit from elementary introducti ons to theory and practice of epitaxial growth, supported by pertinent references and over 200 detailed illustrations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Epitaxy
Structural Properties of Heterostructures
Electronic Properties of Heterostructures
Thermodynamics of Epitaxial Layer
Growth
Atomistic Aspects of Epitaxial Layer Growth
Doping, Diffusion, and Contacts
Methods of Epitaxy
ISBN:9783642329708
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Crystallography , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319008585:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Topological Microfluidics [electronic resource] : Nematic Liquid Crystals and Nematic Colloids in Microfluidic Environment
Author(s): Anupam Sengupta
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This work representsone of the first comprehensive attempts to seamlessly integrate two highly active interdisciplinary domains in soft matter science microfluidics and liquid crystals (LCs). Motivated by the lack offundamental experiments, Dr. Seng upta initiated systematic investigation of LC flows at micro scales,gaining new insights that are also suggestive ofnovel applications. By tailoring the surface anchoring of the LC molecules and thechannel dimensions, different topological constraintswere controllably introduced within the microfluidic devices. These topological constraintswere further manipulated using a flow field, paving the way for TopologicalMicrofluidics. Harnessing topologyon a microfluidic platform, as described in this thesis,ope ns up capabilities beyond the conventional viscous-dominated microfluidics, promising potential applications in targeted delivery andsorting systems, self-assembled motifs, and novel metamaterial fabrications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Liquid crystal theory
Materials and experimental methods
Functionalization of microfluidic devices
Nematic liquid crystals confined within a microfluidic device: Static case
Flow of nematic liquid crystals in a microfluidic environment
Nematic colloids in microfluidic confinement
Ongoing research
ISBN:9783319008585
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461476757:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanomaterials Imaging Techniques, Surface Studies, and Applications [electronic resource] : Selected Proceedings of the FP7 International Summer School Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations, August26-September 2, 2012, Bukovel, Uk raine / edited by Olena Fesenko, Leonid Yatsenko, Mikhaylo Brodin
Author(s): Olena Fesenko
Leonid Yatsenko
Mikhaylo Brodin
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents cutting-edge research on a wide range of nanotechnology techniques and applications. It features contributions from scientists who participated in the International Summer School Nanotechnology: FromFundamental Research to Innovati ons in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 26 September 2, 2012 funded by the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning implemented by the Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraineand partner institutions: University of Tartu (Estonia), E uropean Profiles A.E. (Greece), University of Turin (Italy) and Universit Pierre et Marie Curie (France). Worldwide experts present the latest results on such key topics asmicroscopy of nanostructures nanocomposites nanostructured interfaces and surfaces nanooptics nanoplasmonics and enhanced vibrational spectroscopy. Imaging technique coverage ranges from atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy,multiphoton imagery, and laser diagnostics of nanomaterials and nanostructures, to resonance Raman and SERS fo r surface characterization, and scanning tunneling microscopy of organic molecules. The breadth of topics highlights theexciting variety of research currently being undertaken in this field and suggests exciting opportunities for interdisciplinary collabo ration and future research. Presents microscopy, spectroscopy and laser imaging techniques fornanomaterials and nanocomposites Covers state-of-the-art advances in areas such as nano-bio architectures, metal nanostructures and active materials, and chemica l preparation of graphene Represents essential reading for advancedundergraduate and graduate students through practicing university and industry researchers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Part I: Imaging Techniques Microscopy, Spectroscopy and Lasers
1: Nano
Bio Architectures: Combining Chemistry and Biology in Nanotechnology
2: Comparative Analysis of the IR Signal Enhancement of Biomolecules Adsorbed on Graphene and Graphene Oxide Nanosheets
3: Infrared Spectroscopy in Studying Biofunctionalised Gold Nanoparticles
4: Formation of Nanoparticle Chains Within Liquid Crystal Defect Arrays
5: Carbon Nanotubes Deagglomeration in Aqueous Solutions
6: Graphene
like autointercalated Niobium Diselenide nanoparticles: new possibility of 2D nanomaterials
ISBN:9781461476757
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v146
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear chemistry , Engineering , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461457701:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geoengineering Responses to Climate Change [electronic resource] : Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
Author(s): Tim Lenton
Naomi Vaughan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Failure by the international community to make substantive progress in reducing CO2 emissions, coupled with recent evidence of accelerating climate change, has brought increasing urgency to the search for additional remediationapproaches. This book p resents a selection of state-of-the-art geoengineering methods for deliberately reducing the effects of anthropogenic climate change, either by actively removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere or bydecreasing the amount of sunlight absorbed at the E arths surface. These methods contrast with more conventional mitigation approaches which focus on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide. Geoengineeringtechnologies could become a key tool to be used in conjunction with emission s reduction to limit the magnitude of climate change. Featuring authoritative, peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science andTechnology, this book presents a wide range of climate change remediation technologies. Examines the po tential of geoengineering technologies to contribute to the goal of restricting global warming to within 2C of preindustriallevels Discusses carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and solar radiation management (SDR) Places the technologies discussed in their prope r social, political, and ethical contexts Provides valuable insights for audiences ranging fromresearchers and industry experts to policy makers and university-level students
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Sunshades for Solar Radiation Management
3. Stratospheric Aerosols for Solar Radiation Management
4. Solar Radiation Management, Cloud Albedo Enhancement
5. Ocean Fertilization for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere
6. Biochar, Tool for Climate Change Mitigation and Soil Management
7. Carbon Dioxide Sequestration, Weathering Approaches to
8. Geoengineering Policy and Governance Issues
Index
ISBN:9781461457701
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, inorganic , Meteorology , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461430766:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Science of Solar System Ices [electronic resource]
Author(s): Murthy S Gudipati
Julie Castillo-Rogez
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Science of Solar System Ices The role of laboratory research and simulations in advancing our understanding of solar system ices (including satellites, KBOs, comets, and giant planets) is becoming increasingly important.Understanding ice surface radiation processing, particle and radiation penetration depths, surface and subsurface chemistry, morphology, phases, density, conductivity, etc., are only a few examples of the inventory of issues that arebeing addressed by Earth-based laboratory resear ch. As a response to the growing need for cross-disciplinary dialog and communication in the planetary ices science community, this book aims to foster focused collaborations among theobservational, modeling, and laboratory research communities. The book is a compilation of articles from experts in ices: experimentalists, modelers, and observers (ground-based telescopes and space missions). Most of the contributorsfeatured in this book are renowned experts in their respective fields. Many of these scienti sts have also participated in the book entitled Solar Systems Ices (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998) in the Astrophysics and Space ScienceLibrary Series
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Part I
Optical Remote Sensing of Planetary Ices
Chapter 1: Observed Ices in the Solar System
Chapter 2: Photometric Properties of Solar System Ices
Chapter 3: Ultraviolet Properties of Planetary Ices
Chapter 4: The Ices on Transneptunain Objects and Centaurs
Part II: Ice Physical Properties and Planetary Applications
Chapter 5: First
Principles Calculations of Physical Properties of Planetary Ices
Chapter 6: Frictional Sliding of Cold Ice: A Fundamental Process Underlying Tectonic Activity Within Icy Satellites
Chapter 7: Pla
ISBN:9781461430766
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v356
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400744554:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thin Liquid Films [electronic resource] : Dewetting and Polymer Flow
Author(s): Ralf Blossey
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book is a treatise on the thermodynamic and dynamic properties of thin liquid films at solid surfaces and, in particular, their rupture instabilities. For the quantitative study of these phenomena, polymer thin films havenproven to be an invalua ble experimental model system. What is it that makes thin film instabilities special and interesting, warranting a whole book? There are several answers to this. Firstly, thin polymeric films have an importantrange of applications, and with the increase in the number of technologies available to produce and to study them, this range is likely to expand. An understanding of their instabilities is therefore of practical relevance for thedesign of such films. Secondly, thin liquid films are an interdiscipl inary research topic. Interdisciplinary research is surely not an end to itself, but in this case it leads to a fairly heterogeneous community of theoretical andexperimental physicists, engineers, physical chemists, mathematicians and others working on th e topic. It justifies attempting to write a text which aims at a coherent, theoretical presentation of the field which researchers acrosstheir specialised communities might be interested in. And finally, thin liquid films are an interesting laboratory fo r a theorist to confront a well-established theory, hydrodynamics, with its limits. Liquids at surfaces take noticeof the surface they are placed upon, and this is reflected in their dynamics. And the polymers, when confined to thin films, can imprint mol ecular properties on the film dynamics. The material in the book is arranged in two Parts.Part I covers the basics of wetting and dewetting phenomena, and is of interest to researchers working in the field also outside of polymeric systems. It can be rea d as a brief introduction into the theory of wetting phase transitions.Part II delves exclusively into polymeric thin films, their mathematical description, and the confrontation with experiment
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Applications of Thin Films
Statistical Mechanics of Thin Films
Capillarity and Surface Tension
Forces acting on Interfaces
Wetting and Dewetting
The Solid
Liquid Boundary
Polymers as Thin Films: Glass Transition
Hydrodynamics of Thin Films
Lubrication Approximation for Viscous Thin Films
Film Rupture
Rims
Fluctuations in Thin Films
Visco
elastic Thin Films
Mathematics of Thin
Film Equations
Existence and Regularity of Solutions to Thin Film Equations
Numerics for Thin
Film Equations
ISBN:9789400744554
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400744547:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thin Liquid Films [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ralf Blossey
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9789400744547
Series:Texts and Monographs in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Physical Chemistry , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Polymer Sciences , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642349911:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Colloidal Dispersions Under Slit-Pore Confinement [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yan Zeng
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This dissertation contributes to the understanding of fundamental issues in the highly interdisciplinary field of colloidal science. Beyond colloid science, the system also serves as a model for studying interactions in biologicalmatter. This work qu antitatively investigated the scaling laws of the characteristic lengths of the structuring of colloidal dispersions and tested the generality of these laws, thereby explaining and resolving some long-standingcontradictions in the literature. It revealed the effect of confinement on the structuring, independently of specific properties of the confining interfaces. In addition, it resolved the influence of roughness and charge of theconfining interfaces on the structuring, as well as providing a method to measure the effect of surface deformability on colloidal structuring
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Scientific background
Experimental Section
Structuring of nanoparticle suspensions confined between two smooth solid surfaces
Structuring of nanoparticles between modified solid surfaces
Structuring of nanoparticles confined between a silica microsphere and an air bubble
Structuring of nonionic surfactant micelles
ISBN:9783642349911
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642349904:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Colloidal Dispersions Under Slit-Pore Confinement [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yan Zeng
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642349904
Series:Springer Theses
Series:e-books
Keywords: Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Physical Chemistry , Nanotechnology , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642303562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Chemistry of Solids [electronic resource] : LCAO Treatment of Crystals and Nanostructures
Author(s): Robert A Evarestov
Date:2012
Edition:2nd ed. 2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Quantum Chemistry of Solids delivers a comprehensive account of the main features and possibilities of LCAO methods for the first principles calculations of electronic structure of periodic systems. The first part describes thebasic theory underlying the LCAO methods applied to periodic systems and the use of Hartree-Fock(HF), Density Function theory(DFT) and hybrid Hamiltonians. The translation and site symmetry consideration is included to establishconnection between k-space solid state physics and real-space quantum chemistry. The inclusion of electron correlation effects for periodic systems is considered on the basis of localized crystalline orbitals. The possibilities ofLCAO methods for chemical bonding analysis in periodic systems are discusse d. The second part deals with the applications of LCAO methods for calculations of bulk crystal properties, including magnetic ordering and crystal structureoptimization. In the second edition two new chapters are added in the application part II of the b ook. Chapter 12 deals with the recent LCAO calculations and illustrates the efficiency of the scalar-relativistic LCAO method forsolids, containing heavy atoms. Chapter 13 deals with the symmetry properties and the recent applications of LCAO method to in organic nanotubes. New material is added to chapter 9 devoted to LCAO calculations of perfect-crystalproperties. The possibilities of LCAO method for calculation of the high-frequency dielectric constants of crystals and the description of phase transitio ns in solids are discussed. The efficiency of LCAO method in thequantum-mechanics-molecular dynamics approach to the interpretation of x-ray absorption and EXAFS spectra is illustrated. A new section is devoted to recent LCAO calculations of electronic, v ibrational and magnetic properties oftungstates MeWO4 (Me: Fe,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,Cd)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Space Groups and Crystalline Structures
Symmetry and Localization of Crystalline Orbitals
HartreeFock LCAO Method for Periodic Systems
Electron Correlations in Molecules and Crystals
Semi
empirical LCAO Methods for Molecules and Periodic Systems
KohnSham LCAO Method for Periodic Systems
Basis Sets and Pseudopotentials in Periodic LCAO Calculations
LCAO Calculations of Perfect
Crystal Properties
Modeling and LCAO Calculations of Point Defects in Crystals
Surface Modeling in LCAO Calculations of Metal Oxides
LCAO Calculations on Uranium Nitrides and Oxides
ISBN:9783642303562
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v153
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Crystallography
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642301834:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atmospheric Physics [electronic resource] : Background Methods Trends
Author(s): Ulrich Schumann
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the German Aerospace Center (DLR), this book presents more than 50 chapters highlighting results of the institutes research. The book providesan up-to-date, in-depth s urvey across the entire field of atmospheric science, including atmospheric dynamics, radiation, cloud physics, chemistry, climate, numerical simulation, remote sensing, instruments and measurements, as well asatmospheric acoustics. The authors have provi ded a readily comprehensible and self-contained presentation of the complex field of atmospheric science. The topics are of direct relevance for aerospace science and technology. Futureresearch challenges are identified
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: The Atmosphere
The Atmosphere
from the surface to the stratosphere
Chemical composition of the atmosphere
Atmospheric
The Earth's radiation budget
the driver for weather and climate
Greenhouse effect, radiative forcing and climate sensitivity
Methods
Measurements of nitrogen oxides and related trace gases
Chemical ionization mass spectrometric measurements of atmospheric trace
In
situ measurement methods for atmospheric aerosol particles
Dropsondes
Lightning detection
Research trends
Probabilistic weather forecasting
Recent and f
ISBN:9783642301834
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Research Topics in Aerospace, 2194-8240
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Analytical biochemistry , Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642294884:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations of Surface Reactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): A.P.J Jansen
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) simulations still represent a quite new area of research, with a rapidly growing number of publications. Broadly speaking, kMC can be applied to any system describable as a set of minima of apotential-energy surface, the evo lution of which will then be regarded as hops from one minimum to a neighboring one. The hops in kMC are modeled as stochastic processes and the algorithms use random numbers to determine at which timesthe hops occur and to which neighboring minimum they go. Sometimes this approach is also called dynamic MC or Stochastic Simulation Algorithm, in particular when it is applied to solving macroscopic rate equations. This bookhas two objectives. First, it is a primer on the kMC method (predominantly using t he lattice-gas model) and thus much of the book will also be useful for applications other than to surface reactions. Second, it is intended to teach thereader what can be learned from kMC simulations of surface reaction kinetics. With these goals in min d, the present text is conceived as a self-contained introduction for students and non-specialist researchers alike who areinterested in entering the field and learning about the topic from scratch
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Stochastic Model for the Description of Surface Reaction Systems
Kinetic Monte Carlo Algorithms
How to Get Kinetic Parameters
Modeling Surface Reactions I
Modeling Surface Reactions II
Examples
New Developments
Glossary
Index
ISBN:9783642294884
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v856
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642294877:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations of Surface Reactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): A.P.J. Jansen
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642294877
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films , Theoretical and Computational Chemistry , Numerical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642289484:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiphoton Processes and Attosecond Physics [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Multiphoton Processes (ICOMP12) and the 3rd International Conference on Attosecond Physics (ATTO3)/ edited by Kaoru Yamanouchi, Midorikawa Katsumi
Author(s): Kaoru Yamanouchi
Midorikawa Katsumi
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Recent advances in ultrashort pulsed laser technology have opened new frontiers in atomic, molecular and optical sciences. The 12th International Conference on Multiphoton Processes (ICOMP12) and the 3rd International Conferenceon Attosecond Physics (ATTO3), held jointly in Sapporo, Japan, during July 3-8, showcased studies at the forefront of research on multiphoton processes and attosecond physics. This book summarizes presentations and discussions fromthese two conferences
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Strong field phenomena
Molecules
HHG
Few
cycle pulses
Atto
applications
Imaging
Filamentation
New spectroscopy
XFEL
Surface & materials analysis
ISBN:9783642289484
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v125
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642282522:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Raman Imaging [electronic resource] : Techniques and Applications
Author(s): Arnaud Zoubir
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Raman imaging has long been used to probe the chemical nature of a sample, providing information on molecular orientation, symmetry and structure with sub-micron spatial resolution. Recent technical developments have pushed thelimits of micro-Raman m icroscopy, enabling the acquisition of Raman spectra with unprecedented speed, and opening a pathway to fast chemical imaging for many applications from material science and semiconductors to pharmaceutical drugdevelopment and cell biology, and even art a nd forensic science. The promise of tip-enhanced raman spectroscopy (TERS) and near-field techniques is pushing the envelope even further by breaking the limit of diffraction and enablingnano-Raman microscopy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Instrumentation:
Theory and instrumentation
Imaging modes
Micro
Raman Applications:
Raman imaging in Semiconductor Physics and its application in Microelectronics
Raman optimization of the properties of nano
phased materials
Raman Imaging of meso
and nano
strutured materials
Application of Raman
based images in the Earth sciences
Uses of Raman Mapping and Imaging in Pharmaceutical Forensics
Raman Microscopy: A Versatile Approach to Bio
imaging
Mapping chemical and structural composition of biological and pharmaceutical samples by Raman and Surface
enhanced Raman
ISBN:9783642282522
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v168
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642254086:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biomimetics [electronic resource] : Bioinspired Hierarchical-Structured Surfaces for Green Science and Technology
Author(s): Bharat Bhushan
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents an overview of the general field of biomimetics - lessons from nature. It presents various examples of biomimetics, including roughness-induced superomniphobic surfaces which provide functionality of commercialinterest. The major f ocus in the book is on lotus effect, rose petal effect, shark skin effect, and gecko adhesion. For each example, the book first presents characterization of an object to understand how a natural object providesfunctionality, followed by modeling and then fabrication of structures in the lab using natures route to verify ones understanding of nature and provide guidance for development of optimum structures. Once it is understood hownature does it, examples of fabrication of optimum structures using smart materials and fabrication techniques, are presented. Examples of nature inspired objects are also presented throughout
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Modeling of Contact Angle for a Liquid in Contact with a Rough Surface
Part I: Lotus Effect
Lotus Effect Surfaces in Nature
How to Make Hierarchical Surfaces. Part II: Rose Petal Effect. Part III: Shark Skin Effect
Shark
Skin Surfaces for Fluid
Drag Reduction in Turbulent Flow
Fabrication and Characterization of Biomimetic Structures for Fluid Drag Reduction
ISBN:9783642254086
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, 1618-7210
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biomedical engineering , Nanotechnology , Chemistry, inorganic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642246289:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Homogeneous Catalysis with Metal Complexes [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gheorghe Duca
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642246289
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Catalysis , Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Applied and Technical Physics , Food Science , Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642237492:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photons in Natural and Life Sciences [electronic resource] : An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author(s): Hans-Joachim Lewerenz
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book describes first the principle photon generation processes from nuclear reactions, electron motion and from discrete quantum transitions. It then focuses on the use of photons in various selected fields of modern naturaland life sciences. It bridges disciplines such as physics, chemistry, earth- and materials science, proteomics, information technology, photoelectrochemistry, photosynthesis and spintronics. Advanced light sources and their use innatural and life sciences are emphasized and th e effects related to the quantum nature of photons (quantum computing, teleportation) are described. The content encompasses among many other examples the role of photons on the origin oflife and on homochirality in biology, femtosecond laser slicing, pho tothermal cancer therapy, the use of gamma rays in materials science, photoelectrochemical surface conditioning, quantum information aspects and photo-spintronics. Thebook is written for scientists and graduate students from all related disciplines who ar e interested in the science beyond their immediate research field. It is meant to encourage interdisciplinary research and development in an agewhere nanoscience results in a convergence of formerly more disparate science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:On the Origin of Light
Sources of Spectral Photon Radiation
Photon Generation in Electronic Transition High
Energy Lasers
Applications in Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science and Biology
Exploiting the Quantum Nature of Photons
Spintronics
ISBN:9783642237492
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v157
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642228391:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Eyes on the Sun [electronic resource] : A Guide to Satellite Images and Amateur Observation
Author(s): John Wilkinson
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Information collected by satellites recently sent by the USA, the European Space Agency, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Russia to monitor the Sun has changed our knowledge and understanding of the Sun, particularly itseffect on Earth. This b ook presents these findings in a way that will be welcomed by amateur astronomers, students, educators and anyone interested in the Sun. Enhanced by many colour photographs, the book combines newly acquiredscientific understanding with detailed descriptio ns of features visible on the Suns surface and in its atmosphere. In the past, observing the Sun has been left to academics with specialised instruments, since solar observation hasbeen unsafe because of the risk of eye damage. This book explains how amat eur astronomers can safely observe the various solar phenomena using special hydrogen-alpha telescopes that are not too expensive. Amateurs can now make apositive contribution to science by monitoring the Sun as professionals do. Amateurs can also access the solar images taken by satellites via the internet. This book helps readers interpret and understand what these images areshowing about the Sun, including the latest 3D images. Solar observers will enjoy comparing their own solar telescope observations with those produced by space probes such as SDO, SOHO, Hinode and STEREO, and further enjoy learningabout transits, eclipses, and space weather and how the Sun compares to other stars in the universe. The main purpose of this book is to present some of t he fascinating solar phenomena in their full splendor to readers through avariety of illustrations, photographs and easy to understand text. John Wilkinson is a science educator with over 30 years experience in teaching science, physics and chemistry in secondary colleges and universities in Australia. Heis author of over 100 science textbooks. He completed his Masters degree and PhD in science education at La Trobe University, Australia. Thro
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Warming to the Sun
2 Probing the Sun
3 Activity in the photosphere
4 Activity in the chromosphere and corona
5 Eclipses and Transits
6 Observing the Sun
7 Satellite images of the Sun
8 Space weather
9 The Sun and Earths climate
10. The Sun and stars
About the author
Glossary
Index
ISBN:9783642228391
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomers' Universe, 1614-659X
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461409267:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Biomimetics in Materials Science [electronic resource] : Self-Healing, Self-Lubricating, and Self-Cleaning Materials
Author(s): Michael Nosonovsky
Pradeep K Rohatgi
Date:2012
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Biomimetics in Materials Science provides a comprehensive theoretical and practical review of biomimetic materials with self-healing, self-lubricating and self-cleaning properties. These three topics are closely related andconstitute rapidly developi ng areas of study. The field of self-healing materials requires a new conceptual understanding of this biomimetic technology, which is in contrast to traditional engineering processes such as wear andfatigue. Biomimetics in Materials Science is the first monograph to be devoted to these materials. A new theoretical framework for these processes is presented based on the concept of multi-scale structure of entropy andnon-equilibrium thermodynamics, together with a detailed review of the available technolog y. The latter includes experimental, modeling, and simulation results obtained on self-healing/lubricating/cleaning materials since theiremergence in the past decade. Describes smart, biomimetic materials in the context of nanotechnology, biotechnology, a nd self-organization Covers self-healing, self-lubricating, and self-cleaning materials with applications to greentechnologies in areas such as energy, biomedical devices, and defense Presents a unified approach by leading researchers in the field coverin g both theoretical and practical issues
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1. Introduction
PART ONE. SELF
HEALING MATERIALS
Chapter 2. Thermodynamic principles of self
healing in metallic materials
Chapter 3. Case study of self
healing in metallic composite with embedded low melting temperature solders
Chapter 4. Surface healing: a case study
Chapter 5. Development of Metallic and metal matrix composite self
healing materials
PART TWO. SELF
LUBRICATING MATERIALS
Chapter 6. Friction, wear, and self
lubrication
Chapter 7. Thermodynamic methods in tribology and friction
induced self
organization
Chapter 8. Tribological prope
ISBN:9781461409267
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v152
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Polymers , Materials , Chemistry, inorganic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400712232:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Colloids and the Depletion Interaction [electronic resource]
Author(s): Henk N.W Lekkerkerker
Remco Tuinier
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Colloids are submicron particles that are ubiquitous in nature (milk, clay, blood) and industrial products (paints, drilling fluids, food). It has been known for a long time that adding salt or polymer influences thecharacteristics of colloidal suspe nsions. Think of the Egyptians who engineered ink by adding gum Arabic to soot particles a few thousand years ago. Unknowingly, they were taking advantage of the anchoring of the polysaccharides ontothe colloids to provide the stabilization of the soot pa rticles that eventually provided an ink to write on papyrus. The effect of charges and polymers attached to the surface of colloidal particles on their stability has beenunderstood and studied extensively in the last century. But the more elusive, albeit ubiquitous, effects of the addition of free polymers and small colloids as depletants to colloidal dispersions have become in focus recently. Inrecent decades it has become clear that adding such depletants allows one to tune the interactions between the colloids and in this way control the stability, structure and rheological properties of colloidal dispersions. This bookoffers a concise introduction to the fundamentals of depletion effects and their influence on the phase behavior of colloidal dispersio ns. These fundamental principles promote insight and the intuitive sense needed to isolate issuesrelated to depletion effects in technological problems and design critical experiments. In an introductory chapter, the authors provide a historical perspecti ve and the applications of depletion effects not only in colloid science butalso in biology, medicine and technology. In the subsequent chapter they address the basics of depletion interactions, including the effects of anisotropic depletants. The next ch apter covers the basics of phase behavior in colloidaldispersions, followed by extensions towards mixtures of spherical colloids with polymers or small colloids inducing depletion forces. Finally, the
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9789400712232
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v833
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Thermodynamics , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9789400709034:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors [electronic resource]
Author(s): Johann Peter Reithmaier
Perica Paunovic
Wilhelm Kulisch
Cyril Popov
Plamen Petkov
Date:2011
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Bringing together experts from 15 countries, this book is based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors held in Sozopol, Bulgaria, 30 May - 11June, 2010. It gives a broad overview on this topic, and includes articles on: techniques for preparation and characterization of sensor materials different types of nanoscaled materials for sensor applications, addressing both theirstructure (nanoparticles, nanocomposites, nanostruc tured films, etc.) and chemical nature (carbon-based, oxides, glasses, etc.) and on advanced sensors that exploit nanoscience and nanotechnology. In addition, the volume represents aninterdisciplinary approach with authors coming from diverse fields such as physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and biology. A particular strength of the book is its combination of longer papers, introducing the basicknowledge on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting special types of sensors and sensor materials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1 Sensors and Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Based Modern Sensors and Biosensors W. Kulisch
2 Techniques for the Preparation of Sensor Materials
Nonlinear Optical Sensors on Metal Nanoparticles Synthesized by Ion Implantation A.L. Stepanov et al
Laser Ablative Deposition of Polymer Films: A Promise for Sensor Fabrication J. Blazevska
Gilev et al
Fabrication of Porous and Dense Ceramics from Transitional Nano
Alumina E. Fidancevska et al
Modification of Nanosilica Surface by Methyl Methacrylate Silane Coupling Agents I. Telegeev et al
Microstructures Produced
ISBN:9789400709034
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Materials , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642177798:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Coulombic Fluids [electronic resource] : Bulk and Interfaces
Author(s): Werner Freyland
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Ionic liquids have attracted considerable interest in recent years. In this book the bulk and interfacial physico-chemical characteristics of various fluid systems dominated by Coulomb interactions are treated which includesmolten salts, ionic liquid s as well as metal-molten salt mixtures and expanded fluid metals. Of particular interest is the comparison of the different systems. Topics in the bulk phase concern the microscopic structure, the phasebehaviour and critical phenomena, and the metal-nonm etal transition. Interfacial phenomena include wetting transitions, electrowetting, surface freezing, and the electrified ionic liquid/ electrode interface. With regard to the latter2D and 3D electrochemical phase formation of metals and semi-conductors o n the nanometer scale is described for a number of selected examples. The basic concepts and various experimental methods are introduced making the book suitablefor both graduate students and researchers interested in Coulombic fluids
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Liquid metals, molten salts, and ionic liquids
Bulk peculiarities: metal
nonmetal (M
NM) transitions
Interfacial phase transitions
Electrified ionic liquid/solid interfaces
ISBN:9783642177798
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v168
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Chemistry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642176135:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser Processing and Chemistry [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dieter Buerle
Date:2011
Edition:4
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book gives an overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser-matter interactions, in particular with regard to laser material processing. Special attention is given to laser-induced physical and chemical processes atgas-solid, liquid-sol id, and solid-solid interfaces. Starting with the background physics, the book proceeds to examine applications of lasers in standard laser machining and laser chemical processing (LCP), including thepatterning, coating, and modification of material surfa ces. This fourth edition has been enlarged to cover the rapid advances in the understanding of the dynamics of materials under the action of ultrashort laser pulses, and to includea number of new topics, in particular the increasing importance of lasers i n various different fields of surface functionalizations and nanotechnology. In two additional chapters, recent developments in biotechnology, medicine, artconservation and restoration are summarized. Graduate students, physicists, chemists, engineers, an d manufacturers alike will find this book an invaluable reference work on laser processing
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Overview and Fundamentals: Introduction
Thermal, Photophysical, and Photochemical Processes
Reaction Kinetics and Transport of Species
Nucleation and Cluster Formation
Lasers, Experimental Aspects, Spatial Confinement
Part II Temperature Distributions and Surface Melting: General Solutions of the Heat Equations
Semi
infinite Substrates
Infinite Slabs
Non
uniform Media
Surface Melting
Part III Material Removal: Vaporization, Plasma Formation
Nanosecond
Laser Ablation
Ultrashort
Pulse Laser Ablation
Etching of Metals and Insulators
Etching of Semi
ISBN:9783642176135
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemical engineering , Engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642140907:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Density Functional Theory [electronic resource] : An Advanced Course
Author(s): Eberhard Engel
Reiner M Dreizler
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for the atomic-level simulation of condensed matter phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. The present book is a rigorousand detailed introducti on to the foundations up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals and both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, this textconcentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants. This implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of keyapproximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemen ted by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating strengths and weaknesses of a particular approach or functional. DFT forsuperconducting or nuclear and hadronic systems are not addressed in this work. The structure and material co ntained in this book allow for a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-bodytheory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Greens function or response functions - ar e introduced step by step, rather than just used. The same applies to some basic notions of solid statetheory, as, for instance, the Fermi surface. Also, the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without a formal theoretical physics background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Foundations of Density Functional Theory: Existence Theorems
Effective Single
Particle Equations
Exchange
Correlation Energy Functional
Virial Theorems
Orbital Functionals: Optimized Potential Method
Time
Dependent Density Functional Theory
Relativistic Density Functional Theory
Further Reading
Appendices: Functionals and the Functional Derivative
Second Quantization in Many
Body Theory
Scaling Behavior of Many
Body Methods
Explicit Density Functionals for the Kinetic Energy: Thomas
Fermi Models and Beyond
Asymptotic Behavior of Quasi
Particl
ISBN:9783642140907
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 1864-5879
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048138074:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Advanced Materials and Technologies for Micro/Nano-Devices, Sensors and Actuators [electronic resource]
Author(s): Evgeni Gusev
Eric Garfunkel
Arthur Dideikin
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The main goal of this book is to review recent progress and current status of MEMS/NEMS technologies and devices. Several important areas are discussed: history of research in the field, device physics, examples of sucessfulapplications, sensors, mat erials and processing aspects. The authors who have contributed to the book represent a diverse group of leading scientists from academic, industrial and governmental labs worldwide who bring a broad array ofbackgrounds such as device physics, technologis ts, electrical and mechanical engineering, surface chemistry and materials science). The contributions to this book are accessible to both expert scientists and engineers who need to keepup with leading edge research, and newcomers to the field who wish t o learn more about the exciting basic and applied research issues relevant to micromechanical devices and technologies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:MEMS/NEMS Technologies and Applications
History of Early Research on MEMS in Russia (U.S.S.R.)
Challenges of Complete CMOS/MEMS Systems Integration
MEMS for Practical Applications
Nanochip: A MEMS
Based Ultra
High Data Density Memory Device
Low Cost Silicon Coriolis Gyroscope Paves the Way to Consumer IMU
Microwave and Millimetre Wave Devices Based on Micromachining of III
V Semiconductors
Monocrystalline
Silicon Microwave MEMS Devices
Three
Dimensional Photonic Crystals Based on Opal
Semiconductor and Opal
Metal Nanocomposites
MEMS Device and Reliability Physics
ISBN:9789048138074
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, 1874-6500
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Microreactors , Mechanics , Mechanical engineering , Engineering , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642103223:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Advances in Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Theoretical, Astrophysical and Experimental Perspectives
Author(s): Rajat K Chaudhuri
M.V Mekkaden
A. V Raveendran
A Satya Narayanan
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years there have been great advances in the fields of laboratory and astronomical spectroscopy. These have been equally matched by large-scale computations using state-of-the-art theoretical methods. The accurate atomicopacities that are av ailable today play a great role in the field of biomedical research using nanotechnology. The proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Spectroscopy: Theoretical, Experimental andAstrophysical Perspectives contain both invited and contributory papers, which give the most recent results by the peers in the areas of theoretical and experimental atomic physics as well as observational astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:X
Ray Spectroscopy of Highly Charged Ions in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas
X
ray Spectroscopy of Astrophysical and Laboratory Z
pinch Plasmas
Computational Interstellar Chemistry
State specific calculation of dissociation potential energy curve using multireference perturbation theory
CH?O Hydrogen Bonded Complexes Between Chloroform and Cyclic Ketones: Correlation of Spectral Shifts and Complex Stability with Ring Size
Infrared spectroscopic demonstration of cooperative and anti
cooperative effects in C
H
O hydrogen bonds
The Single Surface Beyond Born
Oppenheimer
ISBN:9783642103223
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Organic
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642030222:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Methods in Modern Biophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Bengt Nlting
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Incorporating recent dramatic advances, this textbook presents a fresh and timely introduction to modern biophysical methods. An array of new, faster and higher-power biophysical methods now enables scientists to examine themysteries of life at a mol ecular level. This innovative text surveys and explains the ten key biophysical methods, including those related to biophysical nanotechnology, scanning probe microscopy, X-ray crystallography, ion mobilityspectrometry, mass spectrometry, proteomics, and protein folding and structure. Incorporating much information previously unavailable in tutorial form, Nlting employs worked examples and about 270 illustrations to fully detail thetechniques and their underlying mechanisms. Methods in Modern Biophysics i s written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, postdocs, researchers, lecturers, and professors in biophysics, biochemistry and related fields.Special features in the 3rd edition: Introduces rapid partial protein ladder sequencing - an import ant method for fast and highly sensitive identification of proteins, describes the determination of interaction surfaces in proteincomplexes by mass spectrometric mapping of binding of chemical linkers - a method to support the high-resolution structural analysis of large macromolecular assemblies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The three
dimensional structure of proteins
Liquid chromatography of biomolecules
Mass spectrometry
X
ray structural analysis
Protein infrared spectroscopy
Electron microscopy
Scanning probe microscopy
Biophysical nanotechnology
Proteomics: high throughput protein functional analysis
Ion mobility spectrometry
Value analysis
Evolutionary computer programming
Rapid partial protein ladder sequencing
Surface labeling analysis of protein interactions
Conclusions
References
ISBN:9783642030222
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Biotechnology , Chemistry, Physical organic , Medicine , Biochemistry , Bioinformatics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642025891:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid-State Physics [electronic resource] : Introduction to the Theory
Author(s): James Patterson
Bernard Bailey
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Learning Solid State Physics involves a certain degree of maturity, since it involves tying together diverse concepts from many areas of physics. The objective is to understand, in a basic way, how solid materials behave. To dothis one needs both a g ood physical and mathematical background. One definition of Solid State Physics is it is the study of the physical (e.g. the electrical, dielectric, magnetic, elastic, and thermal) properties of solids in termsof basic physical laws. In one sense, Solid S tate Physics is more like chemistry than some other branches of physics because it focuses on common properties of large classes of materials. It is typical that Solid State Physicsemphasizes how physics properties link to electronic structure. We have re tained the term Solid Modern solid state physics came of age in the late thirties and forties and is now is part of condensed matter physics which includesliquids, soft materials, and non-crystalline solids. This solid state/condensed matter physics book begins with three broad areas: (1) How and why atoms bind together to form solids, (2) Lattice vibrations and phonons, and (3)Electrons in solids. It then applies these areas to (4) Interactions especially of electrons with phonons, (5) Metals, the Fermi surface and alloys, (6) Semiconductors, (7) Magnetism, (8) Superconductivity, (9) Dielectrics andferroelectrics, (10) Optical properties, (11) Defects, and (12) Certain other modern topics such as layered materials, quantum Hall effect, mesoscopics, nanop hysics, and soft condensed matter. For this 2nd addition new material hasbeen added on the evolution of BEC to BCS phenomena, conducting polymers, graphene, highly correlated electrons, iron pnictide superconductors, light emitting diodes, N-V centers, na nomagnetism, negative index of refraction, opticallattices, phase transitions, phononics, photonics, plasmonics, quantum computing, solar cells, spin Hall effect, and spintronics. The major addition to
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Crystal Binding and Structure
Lattice Vibrations and Thermal Properties
Electrons in Periodic Potentials
The Interaction of Electrons and Lattice Vibrations
Metals, Alloys, and the Fermi Surface
Semiconductors
Magnetism, Magnons, and Magnetic Resonance
Superconductivity
Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics
Optical Properties of Solids
Defects in Solids
Current Topics in Solid CondensedMatter Physics
ISBN:9783642025891
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electronics , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540498292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface and Interface Analysis [electronic resource] : An Electrochemists Toolbox
Author(s): Rudolf Holze
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:A broad, almost encyclopedic overview of spectroscopic and other analytical techniques useful for investigations of phase boundaries in electrochemistry is presented. The analysis of electrochemical interfaces and interphases on amicroscopic, even mo lecular level, is of central importance for an improved understanding of the structure and dynamics of these phase boundaries. The gained knowledge will be needed for improvements of methods and applicationsreaching from electrocatalysis, electrochemical energy conversion, biocompatibility of metals, corrosion protection to galvanic surface treatment and finishing. The book provides an overview as complete as possible and enables thereader to choose methods most suitable for tackling his particular task. It is nevertheless compact and does not flood the reader with the details of review papers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:and Overview
Structure and Dynamics of Electrochemical Phase Boundaries
Scope and Limitations of Classical Electrochemical Methods
Spectroscopy and Surface Analysis at Interfaces Between Condensed Phases
Methods and Applications
Spectroscopy at Electrochemical Interfaces
Diffraction and Other X
Ray Methods
Surface Analytical Methods
ISBN:9783540498292
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v74
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, Physical organic , Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Control engineering systems , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540734567:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bernoulli Potential in Superconductors [electronic resource]
Author(s): P Lipavsk
Jan Kolek
Klaus Morawetz
Ernst Helmut Brandt
Tzong-Jer Yang
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The motion of electrons in superconductors seems to defy our imagination based on daily experience with Newtonian mechanics. This book shows that the classical concepts, such as the balance of forces acting on electrons, areuseful for understanding s uperconductivity. The electrostatic field plays a natural part in this balance as it mediates forces between electrons at long distances. Due to its classical interpretation, the theory presented in this bookis suitable for introductory courses
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:History of the Bernoulli potential
Basic concepts
Balance of forces
Thermodynamical correction
Phenomenological description
Non
local corrections
Extended Ginzburg
Landau theory
Quasi
neutral limit
Diamagnetic current at surface
Diamagnetic currents deep in bulk
Layered structures
Surfaces
Lattice deformations caused by electric forces
Outlook and perspectives
ISBN:9783540734567
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v733
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Condensed matter , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402088377:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Fossils to Astrobiology [electronic resource] : Records of Life on Earth and Search for Extraterrestrial Biosignatures
Author(s): Joseph Seckbach
Maud Walsh
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:From Fossils to Astrobiology reviews developments in paleontology and geobiology that relate to the rapidly-developing field of Astrobiology, the study of life in the Universe. Many traditional areas of scientific study,including astronomy, chemistry and planetary science, contribute to Astrobiology, but the study of the record of life on planet Earth is critical in guiding investigations in the rest of the cosmos. In this varied book, expertscientists from 15 countries present peer-reviewed, stimula ting reviews of paleontological and astrobiological studies. The overviews of established and emerging techniques for studying modern and ancient microorganisms on Earth andbeyond, will be valuable guides to evaluating biosignatures which could be found i n the extraterrestrial surface or subsurface within the Solar System and beyond. This volume also provides discussion on the controversial reports ofnanobacteria in the Martian meteorite ALH84001. It is a unique volume among Astrobiology monographs in foc using on fossil evidence from the geological record and will be valuable to students and researchers alike
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geology
Nanosims Opens a New Window for Deciphering Organic Matter in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Samples
Disentangling the Microbial Fossil Record in the Barberton Greenstone Belt: A Cautionary Tale
Looking Through Windows onto the Earliest History of Life on Earth and Mars
Models for Silicate Fossils of Organic Materials in the Astrobiological Context
Microfossil Phosphatization and Its Astrobiological Implications
Proterozoic Unicellular and Multicellular Fossils from India and Their Implications
Microbial Communities of Stromatolites
Biosedimentological Process
ISBN:9781402088377
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 1566-0400 : v12
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science (General) , Geology , Paleontology , Microbial ecology , Microbiology , Astrobiology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540349334:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solid State Physics [electronic resource] : Introduction to the Theory
Author(s): James D Patterson
Bernard C Bailey
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Learning Solid State Physics involves a certain degree of maturity, since it involves tying together diverse concepts from many areas of physics. The objective is to understand, in a basic way, how solid materials behave. To dothis one needs both a g ood physical and mathematical background. One definition of Solid State Physics is it is the study of the physical (e.g. the electrical, dielectric, magnetic, elastic, and thermal) properties of solids in termsof basic physical laws. In one sense, Solid S tate Physics is more like chemistry than some other branches of physics because it focuses on common properties of large classes of materials. It is typical that Solid State Physicsemphasizes how physics properties link to electronic structure. We have re tained the term Solid State Physics, even though Condensed Matter Physics is more commonly used. Condensed Matter Physics includes liquids and non-crystallinesolids such as glass, which we shall not discuss in detail. Modern Solid State Physics came of ag e in the late thirties and forties, and had its most extensive expansion with the development of the transistor, integrated circuits, andmicroelectronics. Most of microelectronics however is limited to the properties of inhomogeneously doped semiconductor s. Solid State Physics includes many other areas of course among the largest of these are ferromagnetic materials,and superconductors. Just a little less than half of all working physicists are in Condensed Matter. A course in Solid State Physics typicall y begins with three broad areas: (1) How and why atoms bind together to form solids, (2)Lattice Vibrations and Phonons, and (3) Electrons in Solids. One would then typically apply the above to (4) Interactions especially of electrons with phonons, (5) Met als, the Fermi Surface and Alloys, (6) Semiconductors, (7)Magnetism, (8) Superconductivity, (9) Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics, (10) Optical Properties, (11) Defects, and (12) Certain other modern topi
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Crystal Binding ans Structure
Lattice Vibrations and Thermal Properties
Electrons in Periodic Potentials
The Interaction of Electrons and Lattice Vibrations
Metals, Alloys, and the Fermi Surface
Semiconductors
Magnetism, Magnons, and Magnetic Resonance
Superconductivity
Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics
Optical Properties of Solids
Defects in Solids
Current Topics in Solid Condensed
Matter Physics
ISBN:9783540349334
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402043338:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mark L Brongersma
Pieter G Kik
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The development of advanced dielectric photonic structures has enabled tremendous control over the propagation and manipulation of light. Structures such as waveguides, splitters, mixers, and resonators now play a central role inthe telecommunication s industry. This book will discuss an exciting new class of photonic devices, known as surface plasmon nanophotonic structures. Surface plasmons are easily accessible excitations in metals and semiconductors andinvolve a collective motion of the conductio n electrons. These excitations can be exploited to manipulate electromagnetic waves at optical frequencies (light) in new ways that are unthinkable in conventional dielectric structures.The field of plasmon nanophotonics is rapidly developing and impactin g a wide range of areas including: electronics, photonics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. The book will highlight several exciting new discoveries that have beenmade, while providing a clear discussion of the underlying physics, the nanofabrication iss ues, and the materials considerations involved in designing plasmonic devices with new functionality. The book is aimed at researchers andstudents interested in entering the field of plasmon nanophotonics, while serving as a reference to scientists alread y active in this area of research. It is written at the level of a first year graduate student with some background inelectromagnetic theory and working knowledge of Maxwells equations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:SURFACE PLASMON NANOPHOTONICS
NEAR
FIELD AND FAR
FIELD PROPERTIES OF NANOPARTICLE ARRAYS
THEORY OF LIGHT TRANSMISSION THROUGH PERIODICALLY STRUCTURED NANO
APERTURES
DEVELOPMENT AND NEAR
FIELD CHARACTERIZATION OF SURFACE PLASMON WAVEGUIDES
NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF LONG
RANGE PLASMONIC TRANSMISSION LINES
SURFACE PLASMON POLARITON GUIDING IN PHOTONIC BANDGAP STRUCTURES
SUBWAVELENGTH
SCALE PLASMON WAVEGUIDES
OPTICAL SUPERLENS
OPTICAL FIELD ENHANCEMENT WITH PLASMON RESONANT BOWTIE NANOANTENNAS
NEAR
FIELD OPTICAL EXCITATION AND DETECTION OF SURFACE PLASMONS
PRINCIPLES O
ISBN:9781402043338
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v131
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Electromagnetism , Electrodynamics , Physical optics , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387741031:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Theory of Conducting Matter [electronic resource] : Newtonian Equations of Motion for a Bloch Electron
Author(s): Shigeji Fujita
Kei Ito
Date:2007
Edition:1
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Quantum Theory of Conducting Matter: Newtonian Equations of Motion for a Bloch Electron targets scientists, researchers and graduate-level students focused on experimentation in the fields of physics, chemistry, electricalengineering, and material sc iences. It is important that the reader have an understanding of dynamics, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, electromagnetism and solid-state physics. Many worked-out problems areincluded in the book to aid the reader's comprehensi on of the subject. The Bloch electron (wave packet) moves by following the Newtonian equation of motion. Under an applied magnetic field B the electron circulates around the field Bcounterclockwise or clockwise depending on the curvature of the Fermi surf ace. The signs of the Hall coefficient and the Seebeck coefficient are known to give the sign of the major carrier charge. For alkali metals, both are negative,indicating that the carriers are electrons. These features arise from the Fermi surface differe nce. The authors show an important connection between the conduction electrons and the Fermi surface in an elementary manner in thetext. No currently available text explains this connection. The authors do this by deriving Newtonian equations of motion fo r the Bloch electron and diagonalizing the inverse mass (symmetric) tensor. The currently active areas ofresearch, high-temperature superconductivity and Quantum Hall Effect, are important subjects in the conducting matter physics, and the authors plan to follow up this book with a second, more advanced book on superconductivity and theQuantum Hall Effect
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preliminaries
Introduction
Lattice Vibrations: Heat Capacity
Free Electrons: Heat Capacity
Electric Conduction and the Hall Effect
Magnetic Susceptibility
Boltzmann Equation Method
Bloch Electron Dynamics
Bloch Theorem
The Fermi Liquid Model
The Fermi Surface
Bloch Electron Dynamics
Applications: Fermionic Systems (Electrons)
de Hass
van Alphen Oscillations
Magnetoresistance
Cyclotron Resonance
Seebeck Coefficient (Thermopower)
Infrared Hall Effect
Application: Superconductors
Superconductors
ISBN:9780387741031
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387399386:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Molecular Building Blocks for Nanotechnology [electronic resource] : From Diamondoids to Nanoscale Materials and Applications
Author(s): G. Ali Mansoori
Thomas F George
Lahsen Assoufid
Guoping Zhang
Date:2007
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book is a result of the research and educational activities of a group of outstanding scientists worldwide who have authored the chapters of this book dealing with the behavior of nanoscale building blocks. It contains avariety of subjects cover ing computational, dry and wet nanotechnology. The state-of-the-art subject matters presented here provide the reader with the latest developments on ongoing nanoscience and nanotechnology research from thebottom-up approach, which starts with with atoms and molecules as molecular building blocks
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Thermodynamic properties of diamondoids
Development of composite materials based on improved nanodiamonds
Diamondoids as molecular building blocks
Surface modification and application of functionalized polymer nanofibers
Zinc oxide nanorod arrays: properties and hydrothermal synthesis
Nanoparticles, nanorods and other nanostructures assembled on inert substrates
Thermal properties of carbon nanotubes
Chemical vapor deposition of organized architectures of carbon nanotubes for applications
Online size characterization of nanofibers and nanotubes
Theore
ISBN:9780387399386
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v109
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Condensed matter , Optical materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540452980:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Ion Implantation and Synthesis of Materials [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Nastasi
James W Mayer
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Ion implantation is one of the key processing steps in silicon integrated circuit technology. Some integrated circuits require up to 17 implantation steps and circuits are seldom processed with less than 10 implantation steps.Controlled doping at con trolled depths is an essential feature of implantation. Ion beam processing can also be used to improve corrosion resistance, to harden surfaces, to reduce wear and, in general, to improve materials properties.This book presents the physics and materials science of ion implantation and ion beam modification of materials. It covers ion-solid interactions used to predict ion ranges, ion straggling and lattice disorder. Also treated areshallow-junction formation and slicing silicon with hydrogen ion beams. T opics important for materials modification, such as ion-beam mixing, stresses, and sputtering, are also described
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General Features and Fundamental Concepts
Particle Interactions
Dynamics of Binary Elastic Collisions
Cross
Section
Ion Stopping
Ion Range and Range Distribution
Displacements and Radiation Damage
Channeling
Doping, Diffusion and Defects in Ion
Implanted Si
Crystallization and Regrowth of Amorphous Si
Si Slicing and Layer Transfer: Ion
Cut
Surface Erosion During Implantation: Sputtering
Ion
Induced Atomic Intermixing at the Interface: Ion Beam Mixing
Application of Ion Implantation Techniques in CMOS Fabrication
Ion implantation in CMOS Technology: Mac
ISBN:9783540452980
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Particle acceleration , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540375869:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Understanding Carbon Nanotubes [electronic resource] : From Basics to Applications
Author(s): Annick Loiseau
Pascale Launois
Pierre Petit
Stephan Roche
Jean-Paul Salvetat
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume presents the foundations of carbon nanotube science including the most recent developments and the prospects for technological applications. Each chapter begins with a tutorial introduction to the relevantinterdisciplinary topics from phy sics, chemistry or materials science. These summaries of the essential background knowledge are followed by detailed presentations of specific issues. The latter include: polymorphism of carbon and themicrostructure of its phases synthesis methods and gro wth mechanisms structural analysis by electron microscopy spectroscopic methods electronic structure transport mechanical and surface properties of nanotubes and composites.All readers, be they students or experienced researchers, will come to appreciate how progress in nanotube science is intimately linked to advances in experimental and computational tools
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Polymorphism of Carbon and Microstructure of its Phases
Synthesis Methods and Growth Mechanisms
Structural Analysis by Electron Microscopy
Spectroscopic Methods
Electronic Structure and Related Properties
Transport Properties
Mechanical Properties of Individual Nanotubes and Composites
Surface Properties and Reactivity
ISBN:9783540375869
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v677
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Condensed matter , Nanotechnology , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540347101:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces [electronic resource]
Author(s): Harald Ibach
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in itsattempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments.The Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students in physics or chemistry with special interest in the surface sciences, material science, or thenanosciences. The experienced researcher, professional or academic teac her will appreciate the opportunity to share many insights and ideas that have grown out of the author's long experience. Readers will likewise appreciate the widerange of topics treated, each supported by extensive references. Graduate students will bene fit from the elementary introductions to experimental techniques and the clear presentations of the theory behind the techniques and thephenomena. Wherever possible, physical concepts are emphasized and the mathematical notation kept to a minimum the verb al explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540347101
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Condensed matter , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387375908:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Applied Solid State Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): D. R Vij
Date:2006
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Solid-State spectroscopy is a burgeoning field with applications in many branches of science, including physics, chemistry, biosciences, surface science, and materials science. Handbook of Applied Solid-State Spectroscopy bringstogether in one volume information about various spectroscopic techniques that is currently scattered in the literature of these disciplines. This concise yet comprehensive volume covers theory and applications of a broad range ofspectroscopies, including NMR, NQR, EPR/ESR, EN DOR, scanning tunneling, acoustic resonance, FTIR, auger electron emission, x-ray photoelectron emission, luminescence, and optical polarization, and more. Emphasis is placed onfundamentals and current methods and procedures, together with the latest appl ications and developments in the field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
ENDOR Spectroscopy
Mssbauer Spectroscopy
Crystal
Field Spectroscopy
Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy
Resonance Acoustic Spectroscopy
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Auger Electron Spectroscopy
X
Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Luminescence Spectroscopy
Laser
Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Soft X
Ray Emission and Resonant Inelastic Scattering Spectroscopy
Laser Raman Spectroscopy
Polarization Spectroscopy of Ordere
ISBN:9780387375908
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particles (Nuclear physics) , Surfaces (Physics)
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