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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD SYMMETRY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/26307.13 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword symmetry ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9789402409994:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Practical Essentials
Author(s): Francesco Knechtli
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XIII, 140 p. 12 illus., 1 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Quantum Field Theory (QFT) on the Lattice -- A brief history of quarks and gluons -- Classical fields and gauge invariance -- Hamiltonian and path integral formulations of quantum mechanics -- Quantum fields on a lattice -- Recovering
continuum QCD -- Further reading -- Monte Carlo methods -- Markov chain Monte Carlo -- Sampling Yang–Mills gauge fields -- Hybrid Monte Carlo -- Symplectic integration schemes -- Summary and Further reading -- Handling fermions on the
lattice -- Wick contractions -- Sparse Linear Algebra -- Fermion determinant -- HMC with fermions revisited -- The quark propagator from a point source -- All-to-all quark propagators -- Summary and Further reading -- Calculating
observables of quantum fields -- Symmetry properties of creation and annihilation operators -- Techniques for hadron spectroscopy -- Gluons, Wilson Loops and glueballs -- Quarks and hadron physics -- Statistical data analysis --
Summary -- A Notational conventions -- A.1 SU(N) notation -- A.2 Fermions -- A.3 Probability spaces -- References
ISBN:9789402409994
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Computers , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Computing Methodologies , Mathematical Physics
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Call number:9783319495712:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Characterizing Entanglement and Quantum Correlations Constrained by Symmetry
Author(s): Jordi Tura i Brugués
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XXV, 237 p. 17 illus., 8 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Background -- PPT Entangled Symmetric States -- Nonlocality in Multipartite Quantum States -- Relating Entanglement and Nonlocality -- Atomic Monogamies of Correlations -- Conclusions and Outlook
ISBN:9783319495712
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Mathematical Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics
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Call number:9783319470795:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Recent Trends in Operator Theory and Partial Differential Equations The Roland Duduchava Anniversary Volume
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVIII, 300 p. 24 illus., 22 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Roland Duduchava -- The Duduchava-Roch formula -- Convolution Type Operators with Symmetry in Bessel Potential Spaces -- On Symmetries of the Feinberg-Zee Random Hopping Matrix -- Inequalities of Babuška-Aziz and Friedrichs-Velte for
differential forms -- High Frequency Oscillations of first Eigenmodes in Axisymmetric shells as the thickness tends to zero -- Kernels of Wiener-Hopf plus Hankel operators with matching generating functions -- Spline Galerkin methods
for the double layer potential equations on contours with corners -- C*-algebras of Bergman Type Operators with Piecewise Continuous Coefficients over Bounded Polygonal Domains -- Solvability and Lyapunov stability of a two-component
system of generalized Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations -- A local uniqueness result for a quasi-linear heat transmission problem in a periodic two-phase dilute composite -- The method of potential operators for anisotropic Helmholtz
operators on domains with smooth unbounded boundaries -- Gabor Analysis for Schrödinger Equations and Propagation of Singularities -- Commutative algebras of Toeplitz operators on a Siegel domain associated with the nilpotent group of
its biholomorphisms
ISBN:9783319470795
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Mathematics , Integral equations , Operator theory , Partial differential equations , Numerical analysis , Mathematics , Operator Theory , Partial Differential Equations , Integral Equations , Numerical Analysis
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Call number:9783319461434:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Universal Coefficient Theorem and Quantum Field Theory A Topological Guide for the Duality Seeker
Author(s): Andrei-Tudor Patrascu
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVI, 270 p. 6 illus., 1 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Elements of General Topology -- Algebraic Topology -- Homological Algebra -- Connections: Topology and Analysis -- The Atyiah Singer Index Theorem -- Universal Coefficient Theorems -- BV and BRST Quantization, Quantum
Observables and Symmetry -- Universal Coefficient Theorem and Quantum Field Theory -- The Universal Coefficient Theorem and Black Holes -- From Grothendieck’s Schemes to QCD -- Conclusions.
ISBN:9783319461434
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Algebraic topology , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Algebraic Topology , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:9783319436265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:EPFL Lectures on Conformal Field Theory in D ≥ 3 Dimensions
Author(s): Slava Rychkov
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XII, 72 p. 14 illus., 12 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Physical Foundations of Conformal Symmetry -- Conformal kinematics -- Radial quantization and OPE -- Conformal Bootstrap
ISBN:9783319436265
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences
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Call number:9780849387760:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Gauge theories in particle physics [electronic resource] : a practical introduction. Vol. 2, Non-Abelian gauge theories : QCD and the electroweak theory
Author(s): Ian Johnston Rhind Aitchison
Date:2004
Edition:3rd ed.
Publisher:Bristol : Institute of Physics Pub.
Size:1 online resource (454 p.)
Contents:pt. 5. Non-abelian symmetries -- pt. 6. QCD and the renormalization group -- pt. 7. Spontaneously broken symmetry -- pt. 8. Weak interactions and the electroweak theory.
ISBN:9780849387760
Series:CRCnetBase eBook platform
Series:Graduate student series in physics
Series:eBooks single
Keywords: Gauge fields (Physics) , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Weak interactions (Nuclear physics) , Quantum electrodynamics , Feynman diagrams
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Call number:7349:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:At the leading edge [electronic resource]: the ATLAS and CMS LHC experiments
Author(s): Dan Green (ed.)
Date:2010
Publisher:Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific
Size:1 online resource (436 p.)
Note:Unlimited concurrent users
Note:World Scientific eBook platform
Contents:Introduction : How physics defines the LHC environment and detectors -- The CMS pixel detector, W. Erdmann -- The hybrid tracking systems of ATLAS, Leonardo Rossi -- The all-silicon strip CMS tracker : microtechnology at the macroscale, M. Mannelli -- The ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeters : features and performance Luciano Mandelli -- The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter : crystals and APD productions, P. Bloch -- ATLAS electronics : an overview, Philippe Farthouat -- Innovations in the CMS tracker electronics, G. Hall -- TileCal : the hadronic section of the central ATLAS calorimeter, K. Anderson ... et al. -- Innovations for the CMS HCAL, J. Freeman -- ATLAS superconducting toroids : the largest ever built, Herman H.J. ten Kate -- Constructing a 4-tesla large thin solenoid at the limit of what can be safely operated, A. Herve. -- The ATLAS muon spectrometer, Giora Mikenberg -- The CMS muon detector : from the first thoughts to the final design, Fabrizio Gasparini -- The why and how of the ATLAS data acquisition system, Livio Mapelli and Giuseppe Mornacchi -- Removing the haystack : the CMS trigger and data acquisition system, Vivian O'Dell.
ISBN:9789814277624
Series:eBooks Single
Keywords: Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland) , Nuclear counters , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Symmetry (Physics)
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Call number:TK7871.65.H46::2008 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Stripline Circulator : Theory and Practice
Author(s): J. (Joseph) Helszajn
Date:2008
Publisher:J. Wiley & Sons
Contents:Architecture of Symmetrical Stripline Junction Circulators
Permeability Tensor of Magnetic Insulator
Spatial Shape Demagnetizing Factors of Magnetic Insulators
Scattering Matrix of m-port Junction
Eigenvalue Adjustment of Three-Port Circulator
Impedance Matrix of Junction Circulator
The 1-Port Topology of the Degree-1 and 2 Terminated Circulator
Cut-Off Space of Cloverleaf Planar Resonators with Magnetic Walls
Standing Wave Solutions of Wye Gyromagnetic Planar Resonators
Planar Resonators with Triplets of Radial and Circumferential Magnetic Walls
Split Unloaded Quality Factors of Gyromagnetic Resonators
The Lumped Element Circulator
The Stripline Junction Circulator Using a Gyromagnetic Disk Resonator
Greens Function Description of Junction Circulator
Finite Element Formulation of Junction Circulator
Circulators Using Triangular and Irregular Hexagonal Planar Resonators
The Operation of the Tracking and Semi-Tracking Circulators
The Negative Permeability Tracking and Semi-Tracking Circulators
Synthesis of Wide-Band Circulators Using Narrow Coupling Angles
Complex Gyrator Circuit of 3-port Circulators Using Gyromagnetic Resonators with Six-Fold Symmetry
Open-Circuit Parameters of Circulators Using Side-Coupled Wye Resonators : An Impedance Approach
The 4-Port Single Junction Circulator
Frequency Response of Quarter-Wave Coupled Reciprocal Stripline Junctions
Scattering Matrices of Junction Circulator with Chebyshev Characteristics
Synthesis of Stepped Impedance Transducers
Fabrication of UHF Circulators Using Irregular Hexagonal Gyromagnetic Resonators
Fabrication of Very Weakly and Weakly Magnetised Microstrip Circulators
The Stripline Circulator Theory and Practice
ISBN:9780470258781
Series:Wiley series in microwave and optical engineering
Keywords: Circulators, Wave-guide Design and construction
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783658125493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Toroidal Multipole Moments in Classical Electrodynamics An Analysis of their Emergence and Physical Significance
Author(s): Stefan Nanz
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (87 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-658-12549-3
Contents:Symmetry Considerations of Charge-Current Distributions -- Multipole Expansion of the Electromagnetic Potentials and Fields -- Conclusions for the Physical Significance of Toroidal Multipole Moments
ISBN:9783658125493
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Nuclear physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319314389:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Strangeness and Charge Symmetry Violation in Nucleon Structure
Author(s): Phiala Elisabeth Shanahan
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (19 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31438-9
Contents:Introduction -- Quantum Chromodynamics -- Chiral Perturbation Theory -- Octet Baryon Mass Splittings -- Sigma Commutators -- Parton Distribution Moments -- Electromagnetic Form Factors -- Summary and Outlook
ISBN:9783319314389
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319312996:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:At the Frontier of Spacetime Scalar-Tensor Theory, Bells Inequality, Machs Principle, Exotic Smoothness
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (15 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31299-6
Contents:65 Years in and Around Relativity (C. H. Brans) -- Part I Scalar-Tensor Theories (Brans-Dicke Theory): Nonminimal Couplings in the Early Universe: Multifield Models of Inflation and the Latest Observations (D. I. Kaiser) -- A New
Estimate of the Mass of the Gravitational Scalar Field for Dark Energy (Y. Fujii) -- Axion and dilaton + metric emerge jointly from an electromagnetic model universe with local and linear response behavior (F. W. Hehl) -- Gravitational
theories with stable (anti-)de Sitter backgrounds (T. Biswas, A. Koshelev and A. Mazumdar) -- Rotating Boson Stars (E. W. Mielke) -- The Lambda-CDM Model is not a Universal Attractor of the Brans-Dicke Cosmology (I. Quiros) -- New
Setting for Spontaneous Gauge Symmetry Breaking? (R. Jackiw and S.-Y. Pi) -- The Brans-Dicke theory and its experimental tests (M. P. McHugh) -- Part II Mach's Principle and Bell's inequality: Mach's Principle and the Origin of Inertia
(B. Mashhoon) -- The Significance of Measurement Independence for Bell Inequalities and Locality (M. J. W. Hall) -- Part III Exotic Smoothness and Space-Time Models: Exotic Smoothness, Physics and Related Topics (J. Sladkowski) --
Model and Set-Theoretic Aspects of Exotic Smoothness Structures on R^4 (J. Król) -- Exotic Smoothness on Spheres (D. Randall) -- Smooth Quantum Gravity: Exotic Smoothness and Quantum Gravity (T. Asselmeyer-Maluga)
ISBN:9783319312996
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics: 183
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319253763:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probing the Response of Two-Dimensional Crystals by Optical Spectroscopy
Author(s): Yilei Li
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (69 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-25376-3
Contents:Introduction and Background -- Intrinsic Doping Dependence of Raman 2D Mode in Graphene: Signatures of Electron-Electron Interaction -- Coupling of Strongly Localized Graphene Plasmons to Molecular Vibrations -- Dielectric Response of
a Thin Sheet -- Measurement of the Optical Dielectric Function of Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2 -- Measurement of the Second-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility and Probing Symmetry Properties of
Few-Layer MoS2 and h-BN by Optical Second-Harmonic Generation -- Valley Splitting and Polarization by Zeeman Effect in Monolayer MoSe2 -- Conclusion and Prospect
ISBN:9783319253763
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Optical and Electronic Materials , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Spectroscopy and Microscopy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319248714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments Selected Lectures, 3rd Dynamics Days South America, Valparaiso 3-7 November 2014
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (114 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24871-4
Contents:Visualisation of the intensity and phase dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstructions -- Coarsening dynamics of umbilical defects in inhomogeneous medium -- Spreading, Nonergodicity, and Selftrapping: a puzzle
of interacting disordered lattice waves -- Nonlinear dynamics of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers: deterministic chaos and random number generation -- Experimental observation of front propagation in Lugiato-Lefever equation in
a negative diffractive regime and inhomogeneous Kerr cavity -- Splitting, hatching and transformation of the repetition rate in a mode locked laser -- Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Nonlinear Systems: an Overview and a Simple Model
-- Experimental Spatiotemporal Chaotic textures in a Liquid Crystal Light Valve with optical feedback
ISBN:9783319248714
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 173
Keywords: Physics , Physical chemistry , Lasers , Photonics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Complexity, Computational , Fluid mechanics , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Laser Technology, Photonics , Physical Chemistry , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Complexity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319222073:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Study of the Isoscalar Giant Monopole Resonance The Role of Symmetry Energy in Nuclear Incompressibility in the Open-Shell Nuclei
Author(s): Darshana Chandrakant Patel
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (9 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-22207-3
Contents:Introduction -- Nuclear Matter Incompressibility -- Giant Resonances -- Compressional Mode GRs and Nuclear Incompressibility -- Experimental Tools to Study ISGMR -- Motivation -- Theory of Collective Motion -- Introduction --
Distorted-Wave Born Approximation (DWBA) -- Sum rules -- Transition Densities and Transition Potentials -- Contribution from the Isovector Giant Dipole Resonance -- Experimental Overview and Data Reduction -- Overview -- Experimental
Setup -- Detector Setup -- Data Acquisition System -- Experimental Specifications -- Data Reduction -- Data Analysis -- Overview -- Optical Model -- Global Optical Model Analysis -- Multipole Decomposition Analysis -- Results and
Discussion -- Overview -- E-309 -- E-340 -- E.318 -- Summary and Current Status
ISBN:9783319222073
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319218281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta
Author(s): Kerry Kuehn
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (463 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-21828-1
Contents:A New Science of Heat -- Heat, Symmetry and Mathematics -- Steam Engines and Heat Flow -- Carnot's Cycle -- Engines are Thermometers -- Temperature, Pressure and Reversibility -- The Language of Science -- Energy and Entropy --
Conduction of Heat -- On Radiation -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory 2 -- Dynamical and Statistical Laws -- The Discovery of the Electron -- The Mass and Velocity of a-particles -- Identifying the a Particle
-- Targeting the Nucleus -- Nuclear Structure -- The Discovery of the Neutron -- The Nature of the Neutron -- Corpuscles of Light -- X-Ray Optics 1 -- X-Ray Optics 2 -- Electron diffraction 1 -- Electron diffraction 2 -- The Bohr model
of the atom -- Atomic spectra -- The periodic table -- The Birth of the Quantum -- Matter Waves -- Quantum Orthodoxy -- Causality and Chance in Quantum Theory -- Indeterminacy -- Bohm's critique of Copenhagen
ISBN:9783319218281
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Philosophy and science , Science education , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Science Education , Cosmology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9789400776425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetries in Fundamental Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kurt Sundermeyer
Date:2014
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the laws of nature areinvariant under spacetime tran sformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognitionfor nearly half a century, but can today be unders tood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, asshown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P. Wigner ... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invarianceproperties of these laws would not furnish us new information. Thanks to Wigner we now also under stand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic propertiesof particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N. Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementaryparticle physics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree motivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry. The treatment of symmetries inthis monograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity
Contents:Preface
Notation
Introduction
Symmetry: Argument, Principle, and Leitmotif
Operations and Invariants
Symmetries in Fundamental Physics
The Scope of Symmetries
Bibliographical Notes
Classical Mechanics
Newtonian and Analytical Mechanics
Symmetries and Conservation Laws
Galilei Group
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity
Electrodynamics la Maxwell
Special Relativity
Noether Theorems
Poincar Transformations
Generalizations of Poincar Symmetry
On the Validity of Special Relativity
Quantum Mechanics
Principles of Quantum Mechan
ISBN:9789400776425
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v176
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9784431548287:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Supergravity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Yoshiaki Tanii
Date:2014
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book is a pedagogical introduction to supergravity, a gravitational field theory that includes supersymmetry (symmetry between bosons and fermions) and is a generalization of Einstein's general relativity. Supergravityprovides a low-energy effec tive theory of superstring theory, which has attracted much attention as a candidate for the unified theory of fundamental particles, and it is a useful tool for studying non-perturbative properties ofsuperstring theory such as D-branes and string duality . This work considers classical supergravities in four and higher spacetime dimensions with their applications to superstring theory in mind. More concretely, it discusses classicalLagrangians (or field equations) and symmetry properties of supergravities . Besides local symmetries, supergravities often have global non-compact symmetries, which play a crucial role in their applications to superstring theory. Oneof the main features of this book is its detailed discussion of these non-compact symmetries. Th e aim of the book is twofold. One is to explain the basic ideas of supergravity to those who are not familiar with it. Toward that end, thediscussions are made both pedagogical and concrete by stating equations explicitly. The other is to collect relevant formulae in one place so as to be useful for applications to string theory. The subjects discussed in this bookinclude the vielbein formulation of gravity, supergravities in four dimensions, possible types of spinors in various dimensions, superalgebras and supermultiplets, non-linear sigma models for non-compact Lie groups, electric-magneticduality symmetries, supergravities in higher dimensions, dimensional reductions, and gauged and massive supergravities
ISBN:9784431548287
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics, 2197-1757 : v1
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783662441725:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Supersymmetry After the Higgs Discovery [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ignatios Antoniadis
Dumitru Ghilencea
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Supersymmetry (SUSY) is a new symmetry that relates bosons and fermions, which has strong support at both the mathematical and the physical level. This book offers a comprehensive review, following the development of SUSY from itsvery early days up t o present. The order of the contributions should provide the reader with the historical development as well as the latest theoretical updates and interpretations, and experimental constraints from particleaccelerators and dark matter searches. It is a gre at pleasure to bring together here contributions from authors who initiated or have contributed significantly to the development of this theory over so many years. To present a balancedpoint of view, the book also includes a closing contribution that atte mpts to describe the physics beyond the Standard Model in the absence of SUSY. The contributions to this book have been previously published in The EuropeanPhysical Journal C - Particles and Fields
Contents:P. Ramond, SUSY: the early years (19661976)
P. Fayet, The Supersymmetric Standard Model
I. Melzer
Pellmann (CMS), P. Pralavorio (ATLAS), Lessons for SUSY from the LHC after the first run
J. Ellis, Supersymmetric fits after the Higgs discovery and implications for model building
A. Djouadi, Implications of the Higgs discovery for the MSSM
G. G. Ross, SUSY: Quo Vadis?
R. Catena, L. Covi, SUSY dark matter(s)
H. P. Nilles, The strings connection: MSSM
like models from strings
B. Bellazzini, C. Cski, J. Serra, Composit
ISBN:9783662441725
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642376290:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Objects [electronic resource] : Non-Local Correlation, Causality and Objective Indefiniteness in the Quantum World
Author(s): Gregg Jaeger
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph identifiesthe essential characteristics of the objects described by current quantum theoryand considers their relationship to space-time.In the process, it explicates the senses in which quantum objects may beconsistently considered to have parts of which they may be composed or into which they may be decomposed. The book also demonstrates the degree to which reduction is possible in quantum mechanics, showing it to be related to theobjective indefiniteness of quantum properties and th e strong non-local correlations that can occur betweenthephysical quantities of quantum subsystems. Careful attention is paid to the relationships among such propertycorrelations, physical causation, probability, and symmetry in quantum theory. In this wa y, the text identifies and clarifies the conceptual grounds underlying the unique nature of many quantum phenomena
Contents:Non
locality, Communication, and Entanglement
Einstein locality
Bell locality
Communication
Non
locality
Entanglement
Causation, Imprecision, and Indefiniteness
Probability
Causation
Indeterminacy
Imprecision
Indefiniteness
Individuals, Parts, and Wholes
Potentiality
Discernibility
Individuation
Persistence
Parts and wholes
ISBN:9783642376290
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v175
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science Philosophy , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642375309:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Bulk and Surface Electronic Structures
Author(s): Shigemasa Suga
Akira Sekiyama
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Photoelectron spectroscopy is now becoming more and more required to investigate electronic structures of various solid materials in the bulk, on surfaces as well as at buried interfaces. The energy resolution was much improved inthe last decade down to 1 meV in the low photon energy region. Now this technique is available from a few eV up to 10 keV by use of lasers, electron cyclotron resonance lamps in addition to synchrotron radiation and X-ray tubes. Highresolution angle resolved photoelectron sp ectroscopy (ARPES) is now widely applied to band mapping of materials. It attracts a wide attention from both fundamental science and material engineering. Studies of the dynamics of excitedstates are feasible by time of flight spectroscopywith fully util izing the pulse structures of synchrotron radiation as well as lasers including the free electron lasers (FEL). Spin resolved studies also made dramatic progress byusing higher efficiency spin detectors and two dimensional spin detectors. Polarization dep endent measurements in the whole photon energy spectrum of the spectra provide useful information on the symmetry of orbitals. The book dealswith the fundamental concepts and approaches for the application of this technique to materials studies. Complemen tary techniques such as inverse photoemission, photoelectron diffraction, photon spectroscopy including infrared andX-ray and scanning tunneling spectroscopy are presented. This book provides not only a wide scope of photoelectron spectroscopy of solids b ut also extends our understanding of electronic structures beyond photoelectron spectroscopy
Contents:Theoretical Background
Instrumentation and Methodology
Bulk and Surface Sensitivity of Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Examples of Angle Integrated Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Angle
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy in HV
regions
High Resolution Soft X
ray Angle
Integrated and
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Correlated Electron Systems
Very Low Photon Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Inverse Photoemission
Photoelectron Diffraction
Complementary Techniques for Studying Bulk Electronic Structures
Surface Spectroscopy by Scanning Tunneling Microscope
ISBN:9783642375309
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v176
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319078427:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability on Compact Lie Groups [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Applebaum
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Probability theory on compact Lie groups deals with the interaction between chance and symmetry, a beautiful area of mathematics of great interest in its own sake but which is now also finding increasing applicationsin statistics and engineering (par ticularly with respect to signal processing). The author gives a comprehensive introduction to some of the principle areas of study, with an emphasis on applicability. The most important topicspresented are: the study of measures via the non-commutative F ourier transform, existence and regularity of densities, properties of random walks and convolution semigroups of measures, and the statistical problem of deconvolution. Theemphasis on compact (rather than general) Lie groups helps readers to get acquaint ed with what is widely seen as a difficult field but which is also justified by the wealth of interesting results at this level and the importance ofthese groups for applications. The book is primarily aimed at researchers working in probability, stochast ic analysis and harmonic analysis on groups. It will also be of interest to mathematicians working in Lie theory and physicists,statisticians and engineers who are working on related applications. A background in first year graduate level measure theoreti c probability and functional analysis is essential a background in Lie groups and representation theory iscertainly helpful but the first two chapters also offer orientation in these subjects
Contents:Introduction
1.Lie Groups
2.Representations, Peter
Weyl Theory and Weights
3.Analysis on Compact Lie Groups
4.Probability Measures on Compact Lie Groups
5.Convolution Semigroups of Measures
6.Deconvolution Density Estimation
Appendices
Index
Bibliography
ISBN:9783319078427
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling, 2199-3130 : v70
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Topological Groups , Harmonic analysis , Fourier analysis , Functional analysis , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319077284:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Influence of Demographic Stochasticity on Population Dynamics [electronic resource] : A Mathematical Study of Noise-Induced Bistable States and Stochastic Patterns
Author(s): Tommaso Biancalani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The dynamics of population systems cannot be understood within the framework of ordinary differential equations, which assume that the number of interacting agents is infinite. With recent advances in ecology, biochemistry andgenetics it is becoming increasingly clear that real systems are in fact subject to a great deal of noise. Relevant examples include social insects competing for resources, molecules undergoing chemical reactions in a cell and a poolof genomes subject to evolution.When the popul ation size is small, novel macroscopic phenomena can arise, which can be analyzed using the theory of stochastic processes. This thesis is centered on two unsolved problems in populationdynamics: the symmetry breaking observed in foraging populations, and the robustness of spatial patterns. We argue that these problems can be resolved with the help of two novel concepts: noise-induced bistable states and stochasticpatterns
ISBN:9783319077284
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Ecology , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Irreversibility and Dissipation in Microscopic Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): dgar Roldn
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:After an insightful introductory part on recent developments in the thermodynamics of small systems, the author presents his contribution to a long-standing problem, namely the connection between irreversibility and dissipation.He develops a method b ased on recent results on fluctuation theorems that is able to estimate dissipation using only information acquired in a single, sufficiently long, trajectory of a stationary nonequilibrium process. This part endswith a remarkable application of the metho d to the analysis of biological data, in this case, the fluctuations of a hair bundle. The third part studies the energetics of systems that undergo symmetry breaking transitions. Thesetheoretical ideas lead to, among other things, an experimental realiza tion of a Szilard engine using manipulated colloids. This work has the potential for important applications ranging from the analysis of biological media to thedesign of novel artificial nano-machines
Contents:Introduction
Small
scale thermodynamics
Irreversibility and dissipation
Dissipation and kullback
leibler divergence
Estimating the kullback
leibler divergence
A case study: the flashing ratchet
Application to biology: the ear hair bundle
Experimental tests and applications of stochastic Thermodynamics
Energetics of symmetry breaking
Effective heating with random forces
Conclusions
Conclusions and outlook
ISBN:9783319070797
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070735:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electroweak Symmetry Breaking [electronic resource] : By Dynamically Generated Masses of Quarks and Leptons
Author(s): Mgr.Adam Smetana
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:With this thesis the author contributes to the development of a nonmainstream but long-standing approach to electroweak symmetry breaking based on an analogy with superconductivity. Electroweak symmetry breaking is assumed to becaused by dynamically generated masses of typical fermions, i.e., of quarks and leptons, which in turn assumes a new dynamics between quarks and leptons. Primarily it is designed to generate fermion masses, and electroweak symmetrybreaking is an automatic consequence.. the sum mary of the topic, the first main part of the thesis addresses the question as to whether the masses of known quarks and leptons provide sufficiently strong sources of electroweak symmetrybreaking. It is demonstrated that neutrino masses subject to the se esaw mechanism are indispensable ingredients. The other two parts of the thesis are dedicated to the presentation of two particular models: The first model is based onthe new strong Yukawa dynamics and serves as a platform for studying the ability to repr oduce fermion masses. The second, more realistic model introduces a flavor gauge dynamics and its phenomenological consequences are studied.Although interest in this type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of the Standard -Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in this type of model has waxed and wanedover the years, following the discovery of the Standard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in th is type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of theStandard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance
Contents:Dynamical Electroweak Symmetry Breaking
Top
Quark and Neutrino Condensation
Model of Strong Yukawa Dynamics
Model of Flavor Gauge Dynamics
ISBN:9783319070735
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematical physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319070674:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Searches for CP Violation in Charmed Meson Decays [electronic resource] : A Study of D+ K - K+ + at the LHCb Experiment / by Hamish Gordon
Author(s): Hamish Gordon
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Our current understanding of the fundamental building blocks of the Universe, summarised by the Standard Model of particle physics, is incomplete. For example, it fails to explain why we do not see equal, or almost equal, numbersof particles and thei r antiparticle partners. To explain this asymmetry requires, among other effects, a mechanism known as charge-parity (CP) violation that causes differences between the rates at which particles and antiparticlesdecay. CP violation is seen in systems contai ning bottom and strange quarks, but not in those with up, charm or top quarks. This thesis describes searches for particle-antiparticle asymmetries in the decay rates of charmed mesons. Noevidence of CP violation is found. With current sensitivities, an a symmetry large enough to observe probably could not be explained by the Standard Model. Instead an explanation could come from new physics, for example contributionsfrom supersymmetric or other undiscovered heavy particles. In the thesis, the development of new techniques to search for these asymmetries is described. They are applied to data from the LHCb experiment at CERN to make precisemeasurements of asymmetries in the D^+->K^-K^+pi^+ decay channel. This is the most promising charged D decay for CP vi olation searches
Contents:Theoretical Background
The LHCb Detector
Search for CP Violation in D^+
>K^
K^+pi^ Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2010
Search for CP Violation in D+ ! + Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2011
Conclusions and Outlook
Appendix
ISBN:9783319070674
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319065816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetries in Fundamental Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kurt Sundermeyer
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the laws of nature areinvariant under spacetime tran sformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognitionfor nearly half a century, but can today be unders tood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, asshown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P.Wigner ... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invarianceproperties of these laws would not furnish us new information. Thanks to Wigner we now also unders tand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic propertiesof particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N.Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementary particlephysics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree mot ivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry.The treatment of symmetries in thismonograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity
Contents:Preface
Notation
Introduction
Symmetry: Argument, Principle, and Leitmotif
Operations and Invariants
Symmetries in Fundamental Physics
The Scope of Symmetries
Bibliographical Notes
Classical Mechanics
Newtonian and Analytical Mechanics
Symmetries and Conservation Laws
Galilei Group
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity
Electrodynamics la Maxwell
Special Relativity
Noether Theorems
Poincar Transformations
Generalizations of Poincar Symmetry
On the Validity of Special Relativity
Quantum Mechanics
Principles of Quantum Mechan
ISBN:9783319065816
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Fundamental Theories of Physics : v176
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319063737:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Geometry of Manifolds with Non-negative Sectional Curvature [electronic resource] : Editors: Rafael Herrera, Luis Hernndez-Lamoneda
Author(s): Owen Dearricott
Fernando Galaz-Garca
Lee Kennard
Catherine Searle
Gregor Weingart
Wolfgang Ziller
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Providing an up-to-date overview of the geometry of manifolds with non-negative sectional curvature, this volume gives a detailed account of the most recent research in the area. The lectures cover a wide range of topics such asgeneral isometric grou p actions, circle actions on positively curved four manifolds, cohomogeneity one actions on Alexandrov spaces, isometric torus actions on Riemannian manifolds of maximal symmetry rank, n-Sasakian manifolds,isoparametric hypersurfaces in spheres, contact C R and CR submanifolds, Riemannian submersions and the Hopf conjecture with symmetry. Also included is an introduction to the theory of exterior differential systems
Contents:Riemannian manifolds with positive sectional curvature
An introduction to isometric group actions
A note on maximal symmetry rank, quasipositive curvature and low dimensional manifolds
Lectures on n
Sasakian manifolds
On the Hopf conjecture with symmetry
An Introduction to Exterior Differential Systems
ISBN:9783319063737
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2110
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis , Global differential geometry , Cell aggregation Mathematics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319061306:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Carlo M Becchi
Giovanni Ridolfi
Date:2014
Edition:2nd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results
Contents:Introduction
Relativistic field theory
Scattering theory
Feynman
Spinor fields
Gauge symmetries
The standard model
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry
Breaking of accidental symmetries
Summary
Applications
Neutrino masses and mixing
A. Large
time evolution of the free field
B. Scattering from an external density
C. Dirac matrices
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory
References
ISBN:9783319061306
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319048703:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Combinatorial Algebraic Geometry [electronic resource] : Levico Terme, Italy 2013, Editors: Sandra Di Rocco, Bernd Sturmfels
Author(s): Aldo Conca
Sandra Di Rocco
Jan Draisma
June Huh
Bernd Sturmfels
Filippo Viviani
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Combinatorics and Algebraic Geometry have enjoyed a fruitful interplay since the nineteenth century. Classical interactions include invariant theory, theta functions, and enumerative geometry. The aim of this volume is tointroduce recent developments in combinatorial algebraic geometry and to approach algebraic geometry with a view towards applications, such as tensor calculus and algebraic statistics. A common theme is the study of algebraic varietiesendowed with a rich combinatorial structure. Rele vant techniques include polyhedral geometry, free resolutions, multilinear algebra, projective duality and compactifications
Contents:Koszul algebras, Koszul homology and syzygies
Infinite
dimensional systems of polynomial equations with symmetry
Maximum Likelihood Geometry
Linear Toric fibrations and Cayley polytopes
Toroidal compactifications and tropicalizations of moduli spaces
ISBN:9783319048703
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2108
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Geometry, algebraic , Algebra , Combinatorics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319046211:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Semigroup Methods for Evolution Equations on Networks [electronic resource]
Author(s): Delio Mugnolo
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This concise text is based on a series of lectures held only a few years ago and originally intended as an introduction to known results on linear hyperbolic and parabolic equations. Yet the topic of differential equations ongraphs, ramified spaces, and more general network-like objects has recently gained significant momentum and, well beyond the confines of mathematics, there is a lively interdisciplinary discourse on all aspects of so-called complexnetworks. Such network-like structures can be fou nd in virtually all branches of science, engineering and the humanities, and future research thus calls for solid theoretical foundations. This book is specifically devoted tothe study of evolution equations i.e., of time-dependent differential equation s such as the heat equation, the wave equation, or the Schrdinger equation (quantum graphs) bearing in mind that the majority of the literature inthe last ten years on the subject of differential equations of graphs has been devoted to elliptic equations and related spectral problems. Moreover, for tackling the most general settings - e.g. encoded in the transmission conditionsin the network nodes - one classical and elegant tool is that of operator semigroups. This book is simultaneously a very concise introduction to this theory and a handbook on its applications to differential equations on networks. Witha more interdisciplinary readership in mind, full proofs of mathematical statements have been frequently omitted in favor of keeping the text as conc ise, fluid and self-contained as possible. In addition, a brief chapter devoted to thefield of neurodynamics of the brain cortex provides a concrete link to ongoing applied research
Contents:Introduction
Operators on Networks
Function Spaces on Networks
Operator Semigroups
And Now Something Completely Different: A Crash Course in Cortical Modeling
Sequilinear Froms and Analytic Semigroups
Evolution Equations Associated With Self
adjoint Operators
Symmetry Properties
Index
ISBN:9783319046211
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319044989:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Abstract Algebra [electronic resource] : Structure and Application
Author(s): David R Finston
Patrick J Morandi
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:This text seeks to generate interest in abstract algebra by introducing each new structure and topic via a real-world application. The down-to-earth presentation is accessible to a readership with no prior knowledge of abstractalgebra. Students are l ed to algebraic concepts and questions in a natural way through their everyday experiences. Applications include: Identification numbers and modular arithmetic (linear) error-correcting codes, including cycliccodes ruler and compass constructions cryptogr aphy symmetry of patterns in the real plane Abstract Algebra: Structure and Application is suitable as a text for a first course on abstract algebra whose main purpose is to generateinterest in the subject, or as a supplementary text for more advanced cou rses. The material paves the way to subsequent courses that further develop the theory of abstract algebra and will appeal to students of mathematics, mathematicseducation, computer science, and engineering interested in applications of algebraic concepts
Contents:Identification Numbers and Modular Arithmetic
Error Correcting Codes
Rings and Fields
Linear Algebra and Linear Codes
Quotient Rings and Field Extensions
Ruler and Compass Constructions
Cyclic Codes
Groups and Cryptography
The Structure of Groups
Symmetry
ISBN:9783319044989
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics and Technology, 1867-5506
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algebra , Matrix theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037745:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Breaking of Supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in Extended Supergravity [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati School 2013
Author(s): Stefano Bellucci
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the seventh volume in a series on the general topics of supersymmetry, supergravity, black objects (including black holes), and the attractor mechanism. The present volume is based on lectures held in March 2013 at theINFN-Laboratori Nazional i di Frascati during the Breaking of supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in extended Supergravity Workshop (BUDS 2013), organized by Stefano Bellucci, with the participation of prestigious speakersincluding P. Aschieri, E. Bergshoeff, M. Cederwall, T. Dennen, P. Di Vecchia, S. Ferrara, R. Kallosh, A. Karlsson, M. Koehn, B. Ovrut, A. Van Proeyen, G. Ruppeiner. Special attention is devoted to discussing topics related to thecancellation of ultraviolet divergences in extended supergravity and Born-Infe ld-like actions. All talks were followed by extensive discussions and subsequent reworking of the various contributions, a feature which is reflected in theunique flavor of this volume
Contents:Superconformal Symmetry and Higher
Derivative Lagrangians
Constitutive relations, o_ shell duality rotations and the hypergeometric form of Born
Infeld theory
Vector Branes
Pure spinor superfields an overview
Loop amplitude diagrams in manifest, maximal supergravity
Perturbative Ultraviolet Calculations in Supergravity
Scalars with higher derivatives in supergravity and cosmology
The leading eikonal operator in string
brane scattering at high energy
Ghost Condensation in N = 1 Supergravity
Thermodynamic curvature and black holes
ISBN:9783319037745
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v153
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319024295:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Controllability, Identification, and Randomness in Distributed Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Marzieh Nabi-Abdolyousefi
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This interdisciplinary thesis involves the design and analysis of coordination algorithms on networks, identification of dynamic networks, and estimation on networks with random geometries with implications for networks thatsupport the operation of d ynamic systems, e.g., formations of robotic vehicles, distributed estimation via sensor networks. The results have ramifications for fault detection and isolation of large-scale networked systems andoptimization models and algorithms for next generation a ircraft power systems. The author finds novel applications of the methodology in energy systems, such as residential and industrial smart energy management systems
Contents:Background
Part I: Can One Hear the Shape of Coordination?
Network Identification via Node Knock
out
A Sieve Method for Consensus
Type Network Tomography
Network Identification via Graph Realization
Part II: Controllability over Networks
Controllability and Observability of Circulant Networks
Controllability Gramian, Symmetry Structures and Application of Circulant Networks
Controllability and Observability of Path Networks
Part III: System Properties of Stochastic Networks
System Properties of Stochastic Networks: Controllability and Optimality
Coordinated Dec
ISBN:9783319024295
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronautics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319020990:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter J Olver
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook is designed for a one year course covering the fundamentals of partial differential equations, geared towards advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, science, engineering, andelsewhere. The exposition car efully balances solution techniques, mathematical rigor, and significant applications, all illustrated by numerous examples. Extensive exercise sets appear at the end of almost every subsection, andinclude straightforward computational problems to develop and reinforce new techniques and results, details on theoretical developments and proofs, challenging projects both computational and conceptual, and supplementary material thatmotivates the student to delve further into the subject. No previous experien ce with the subject of partial differential equations or Fourier theory is assumed, the main prerequisites being undergraduate calculus, both one- andmulti-variable, ordinary differential equations, and basic linear algebra. While the classical topics of separation of variables, Fourier analysis, boundary value problems, Green's functions, and special functions continue to formthe core of an introductory course, the inclusion of nonlinear equations, shock wave dynamics, symmetry and similarity, the Maximu m Principle, financial models, dispersion and solitons, Huygens' Principle, quantum mechanical systems,and more make this text well attuned to recent developments and trends in this active field of contemporary research. Numerical approximation schemes ar e an important component of any introductory course, and the text covers the twomost basic approaches: finite differences and finite elements. Peter J. Olver is professor of mathematics at the University of Minnesota. His wide-ranging research interests a re centered on the development of symmetry-based methodsfor differential equations and their manifold applications. He is the author of over 130 papers published in major scientific research
Contents:What are Partial Differential Equations?
Linear and Nonlinear Waves
Fourier Series
Separation of Variables
Finite Differences
Generalized Functions and Greens Functions
Complex Analysis and Conformal Mapping
Fourier Transforms
Linear and Nonlinear Evolution Equations
A General Framework forLinear Partial Differential Equations
FiniteElements and Weak Solutions
Dynamics of Planar Media
Partial Differential Equations in Space .
ISBN:9783319020990
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, 0172-6056
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319009636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The BL Phase Transition [electronic resource] : Implications for Cosmology and Neutrinos
Author(s): Kai Schmitz
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Several of the very foundations of the cosmological standard model the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter, and the origin of the hot big bang itself still call for an explanation from the perspective offundamental physics. This workadvoc ates one intriguing possibility for a consistent cosmology that fills in the theoretical gaps while being fully in accordance with the observational data. At very high energies, the universe mighthave been in a false vacuum state that preserved B-L, the d ifference between the baryon number B and the lepton number L as a local symmetry. In this state, the universe experienced a stage of hybrid inflation that only ended when thefalse vacuum became unstable and decayed, in the course of a waterfall transitio n, into a phase with spontaneously broken B-L symmetry. This B-L Phase Transition was accompanied by tachyonic preheating that transferred almost theentire energy of the false vacuum into a gas of B-L Higgs bosons, which in turn decayed into heavy Majoran a neutrinos. Eventually, these neutrinos decayed into massless radiation, thereby producing the entropy of the hot big bang,generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe via the leptogenesis mechanism and setting the stage for the production of dark mat ter. Next to a variety of conceptual novelties and phenomenological predictions, the main achievement ofthe thesis is hence the fascinating notion that the leading role in the first act of our universe might have actually been played by neutrinos
Contents:Early Universe Cosmology
Framework for a Consistent Cosmology
Neutrino Phenomenology
Supersymmetric Abelian Higgs Model
Nonperturbative Dynamics
The Reheating Process
WIMP Dark Matter from Heavy Gravitino Decays
ISBN:9783319009636
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319007359:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems [electronic resource] : Experiments on Membranes and Active Emulsions
Author(s): Shashi Thutupalli
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book focuses on the assembly, organization and resultant collective dynamics of soft matter systems maintained away from equilibrium byan energy flux. Living matter is the ultimate example of such systems, which arecomprised of different constit uents on very different scales (ions, nucleic acids, proteins, cells). The result of their diverse interactions, maintained using the energy from physiological processes, is a fantastically well-organizedand dynamic whole. This work describes results from minimal, biomimetic systems and primarily investigates membranes and active emulsions, as well as key aspects of both soft matter and non-equilibrium phenomena. It isshown thatthese minimal reconstitutions are already capable of a range of complex behavi our such as nonlinear electric responses, chemical communication and locomotion. These studies will bring us closer to a fundamental understanding of complexsystems by reconstituting key aspects of their form and function in simple model systems. Further, they may also serve as the first technological steps towards artificial soft functional matter
Contents:Membranes
Microfluidic membrane networks
Electrostatic interactions in membrane fusion
Phase contrast X
ray imaging of lipid membranes
Oscillating droplets: Chemical micro
oscillators
Swimming droplets: Artificial squirmers
Interacting droplets: Collective dynamics
Conclusions and Outlook
Appendices
Materials and Methods
Hydrodynamic flow fields with axial symmetry
ISBN:9783319007359
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781493907816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Rigidity and Symmetry [electronic resource]
Author(s): Robert Connelly
Asia Ivi Weiss
Walter Whiteley
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book contains recent contributions to the fields of rigidity and symmetry with two primary focuses: to present the mathematically rigorous treatment of rigidity of structures, and to explore the interaction of geometry,algebra, and combinatorics . Overall, the book shows how researchers from diverse backgrounds explore connections among the various discrete structures with symmetry as the unifying theme. Contributions present recent trends andadvances in discrete geometry, particularly in the the ory of polytopes. The rapid development of abstract polytope theory has resulted in a rich theory featuring an attractive interplay of methods and tools from discrete geometry,group theory, classical geometry, hyperbolic geometry and topology. The volume will also be a valuable source as an introduction to the ideas of both combinatorial and geometric rigidity theory and its applications, incorporating thesurprising impact of symmetry. It will appeal to students at both the advanced undergraduate and grad uate levels, as well as postdocs, structural engineers, and chemists
Contents:Volumes of Polytopes in Spaces of Constant Curvature (N. Abrosimov, A. Mednykh)
Cubic Cayley Graphs and Snarks (H. Ademir, K. Kutnar, D. Marui)
Local, Dimensional and Universal Rigidities: A unified Gram Matrix Approach (A. Alfakih)
Geometric Constructions for Symmetric 6
Configurations (L.W. Berman)
On External Symmetry Groups of Regular Maps (M.D.E. Conder, Y.S. Kwon, J. ir)
Variance Groups and the Structure of Mixed Polytopes (G. Cunningham)
Mobility in Symmetry
Regular Bar
and
Joint Frameworks (P.W. Fowler, S.D. Guest, B. Schulze)
Generic Global Rigidity in C
ISBN:9781493907816
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Fields Institute Communications, 1069-5265 : v70
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Combinatorics , Discrete groups , Topology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461486510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Length-Scale Dependent Phonon Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Subhash L Shind
Gyaneshwar P Srivastava
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents a comprehensive description of phonons and their interactions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Internationally-recognized leaders describe theories and measurements of phononinteractions in relation to the de sign of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanical systems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage,and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. T he emergence of techniques for control of semiconductor properties and geometry has enabled engineers to design structures in which functionality is derived from controllingelectron behavior. As manufacturing techniques have greatly expanded the list of a vailable materials and the range of attainable length scales, similar opportunities now exist for designing devices whose functionality is derived fromcontrolling phonon behavior. However, progress in this area is hampered by gaps in our knowledge of phon on transport across and along arbitrary interfaces, the scattering of phonons with crystal defects, interface roughness andmass-mixing, delocalized electrons/collective electronic excitations, and solid acoustic vibrations when these occur in structures w ith small physical dimensions. This book provides a comprehensive description of phonons and theirinteractions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Theories and measurements of phonon interactions are described in relation to the design of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanicalsystems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage, and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. First book to cover phonon dispersion relations and phononinteractions at different length scales Discusses both theory and measurements of phonon transport and its relevance to materials properties Desc
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: Theoretical Studies of Dimensionality and Symmetry Dependence of Phonons
Chapter 2: Phonons in bulk and low
dimensional systems
Chapter 3: Theories of Phonon Transport in Bulk and Nanostructed Solids
Chapter 4: First
principles determination of phonon lifetimes, mean free paths, and thermal conductivities in crystalline materials: pure silicon and germanium
Chapter 5: Ab Initio Thermal Transport
Chapter 6: Interaction of thermal phonons with interfaces
Chapter 7: Time
resolved phonon spectroscopy and phonon transport in nanoscale systems
Chapter 8: Se
ISBN:9781461486510
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v128
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9780817648114:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Contingency Table Analysis [electronic resource] : Methods and Implementation Using R
Author(s): Maria Kateri
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Birkhuser
Size:1 online resource
Note:Combining theory and applications, this book presents models and methods for the analysis of two and multidimensional contingency tables. The author uses a threefold approach: fundamental models and related inferences arepresented, their interpretati onal aspects are highlighted, and their practical usefulness is demonstrated. Throughout, practical guidance for using R is provided along with a comprehensive R-functions web-appendix. Contingencytables arise in diverse fields, including the life, pedag ogic, social and political sciences. They also play a prominent role in market research and opinion surveys. The analysis of contingency tables can provide insight into essentialstructures, relevant quantities and their interactions, and thus leads to imp roved decision-making. Special features include: A motivating example for each topic Applications andimplementations in R for all models discussed Emphasis on association and symmetry models Extensive bibliography Up-to-date supplementary material available on the authorswebsite An excellent reference for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in statistics as well as in the biosciences and social sciences, Contingency Table Analysis may also be used as a supplementary textbook forcours es on categorical data analysis with emphasis on special models for ordinal data. Prerequisites include basic background knowledge of statistical inference
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Analysis of Two
Way Tables
Analysis of Multi
Way Tables
Log
Linear Models
Generalized Linear Models and Extensions
Association Models
More on Association Models and Related Methods
Response Variable Analysis in Contingency Tables
Analysis of Square Tables
Further Topics
ISBN:9780817648114
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Statistics for Industry and Technology
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9784431542940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-Universal Superconducting Gap Structure in Iron-Pnictides Revealed by Magnetic Penetration Depth Measurements [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kenichiro Hashimoto
Date:2013
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In this book the author presents two important findings revealed by high-precision magnetic penetration depth measurements in iron-based superconductors which exhibit high-transition temperature superconductivity up to 55 K: oneis the fact that the s uperconducting gap structure in iron-based superconductors depends on a detailed electronic structure of individual materials, and the other is the first strong evidence for the presence of a quantum criticalpoint (QCP) beneath the superconducting dome of iron-based superconductors. The magnetic penetration depth is a powerful probe to elucidate the superconducting gap structure which is intimately related to the pairing mechanism ofsuperconductivity. The author discusses the possible gap structure of ind ividual iron-based superconductors by comparing the gap structure obtained from the penetration depth measurements with theoretical predictions, indicating thatthe non-universal superconducting gap structure in iron-pnictides can be interpreted in the fra mework of A1g symmetry. This result imposes a strong constraint on the pairing mechanism of iron-based superconductors. The author alsoshows clear evidence for the quantum criticality inside the superconducting dome from the absolute zero-temperature pene tration depth measurements as a function of chemical composition. A sharp peak of the penetration depth at acertain composition demonstrates pronounced quantum fluctuations associated with the QCP, which separates two distinct superconducting phases. This gives the first convincing signature of a second-order quantum phase transition deepinside the superconducting dome, which may address a key question on the general phase diagram of unconventional superconductivity in the vicinity of a QCP
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Superconducting Gap Structure and Magnetic Penetration Depth
Iron
based Superconductors
Experimental Method
Superconducting Gap Structure and Quantum Critical Point in BaFe2(As1
xPx)2
Superconducting Gap Nodes in the Zone
centered Hole Bands of KFe2As2
Nodeless vs. Nodal Order Parameter in LiFeAs and LiFeP
Conclusions
ISBN:9784431542940
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9784431542704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics [electronic resource] : IX International Workshop
Author(s): Vladimir Dobrev
Date:2013
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Traditionally, Lie Theory is a tool to build mathematical models for physical systems. Recently, the trend is towards geometrisation of the mathematical description of physical systems and objects. A geometric approach to asystem yields in general so me notion of symmetry which is very helpful in understanding its structure. Geometrisation and symmetries are meant in their broadest sense, i.e., classical geometry, differential geometry, groups and quantumgroups, infinite-dimensional (super-)algebras, and their representations. Furthermore, we include the necessary tools from functional analysis and number theory. This is a large interdisciplinary and interrelated field. Samples ofthese new trends are presented in this volume, based on contributions fr om the Workshop Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics held near Varna, Bulgaria, in June 2011. This book is suitable for an extensive audience ofmathematicians, mathematical physicists, theoretical physicists, and researchers in the field of Lie Theo ry
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9784431542704
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v36
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Algebra , Topological Groups , Geometry
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9784431542346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Interacting Boson Model from Energy Density Functionals [electronic resource]
Author(s): Kosuke Nomura
Date:2013
Publisher:Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This thesis describes a novel and robust way of deriving a Hamiltonian of the interacting boson model based on microscopic nuclear energy density functional theory. Based on the fact that the multi-nucleon induced surfacedeformation of finite nucleus can be simulated by effective boson degrees of freedom, intrinsic properties of the nucleon system, obtained from self-consistent mean-field method with a microscopic energy density functional, are mappedonto the boson analog. Thereby, the excitation spe ctra and the transition rates for the relevant collective states having good symmetry quantum numbers are calculated by the subsequent diagonalization of the mapped boson Hamiltonian.Because the density functional approach gives an accurate global descrip tion of nuclear bulk properties, the interacting boson model is derived for various situations of nuclear shape phenomena, including those of the exotic nucleiinvestigated at rare-isotope beam facilities around the world. This work provides, for the first time, crucial pieces of information about how the interacting boson model is justified and derived from nucleon degrees of freedom in acomprehensive manner
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basic Notions
Rotating Deformed Systems with Axial Symmetry
Weakly Deformed Systems with Triaxial Dynamics
Comparison with Geometrical Model
Is axially Asymmetric NucleusGamma Rigid or Unstable?
Ground
state Correlation
Summary and Concluding Remarks
ISBN:9784431542346
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642368745:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Algebraic Approaches to Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource]
Author(s): Xiaoping Xu
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents the various algebraic techniques for solving partial differential equations to yield exact solutions, techniques developed by the author in recent years and with emphasis on physical equations such as: theMaxwell equations, the Dir ac equations, the KdV equation, the KP equation, the nonlinear Schrodinger equation, the Davey and Stewartson equations, the Boussinesq equations in geophysics, the Navier-Stokes equations and theboundary layer problems. In order to solve them, I have emp loyed the grading technique, matrix differential operators, stable-range of nonlinear terms, moving frames, asymmetric assumptions, symmetry transformations,linearization techniques and special functions. The book is self-contained and requires only a min imal understanding of calculus and linear algebra, making it accessible to a broad audience in the fields of mathematics, thesciences and engineering. Readers may find the exact solutions and mathematical skills needed in their own research
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Introduction
Ordinary Differential Equations
Partial Differential Equations
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783642368745
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Differential equations, partial
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642345630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Quantum Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Florian Scheck
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Schecks Quantum Physics presents a comprehensive introductory treatment, ideally suited for a two-semester course. Part One covers the basic principles and prime applications of quantum mechanics, from the uncertaintyrelations to many-body systems. P art Two introduces to relativistic quantum field theory and ranges from symmetries in quantum physics to electroweak interactions. Numerous worked-out examples as well as exercises, with solutions orhints, enables the books use as an accompanying text for courses, and also for independent study. For both parts, the necessary mathematical framework is treated in adequate form and detail. The book ends with appendices coveringmathematical fundamentals and enrichment topics, plus selected biographical notes on pioneers of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The new edition was thoroughly revised and now includes new sections on quantization using thepath integral method and on deriving generalized path integrals for bosonic and fermionic fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Uncertainty Relation to Many
Body Systems
Quantum Mechanics of Point Particles
Scattering of Particles by Potentials
The Principles of Quantum Theory
Space
Time Symmetries in Quantum Physics
Applications of Quantum Mechanics
From Symmetries in Quantum Physics to Electroweak Interactions
Symmetries and Symmetry Groups in Quantum Physics
Quantized Fields and their Interpretation
Scattering Matrix and Observables in Scattering and Decays
Particles with Spin 1/2 and the Dirac Equation
Elements of Quantum Electrodynamics and Weak Interactions
ISBN:9783642345630
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642333415:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamical Stabilization of the Fermi Scale [electronic resource] : Towards a Composite Universe
Author(s): Francesco Sannino
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This lecture-based, concise primer introduces and summarize basic features associated with dynamical breaking of the electroweak symmetry in elementary particle physics. In particular, the phase diagram of strongly-coupledtheories as function of the number of colors, flavors and matter representation, playing a fundamental role when trying to construct viable extensions of the standard model, are examined for SU(N) gauge theories with fermionic mattertransforming according to arbitrary representation s of the underlying gauge group. We will further discuss how the phase diagram can be used to construct unparticle models and then review Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) and otherextensions, such as partially gauged and split technicolor. Eventually, th e unification of the standard model gauge couplings will be revisited within technicolor extensions of the standard model. A number of appendices will helpstudent and newcomers to the field reviewing some basic methods and provide them with useful details
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Technicolor Prelude
Conformal Dynamics Interlude
Minimal Technicolor Models: Toccata and Fugue
Composite Dark Matters: Coda
Appendix
ISBN:9783642333415
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642317569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photoinduced Modifications of the Nonlinear Optical Response in Liquid Crystalline Azopolymers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Raquel Alicante
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Nonlinear optical (NLO) phenomena such as frequency conversion have played a key role in the development of photonic technologies. This thesis reports a detailed study of the molecular response of a large variety of push-pullorganic compounds using t he Second Harmonic Generation technique, which will serve as a starting point for the investigation at the macroscopic scale of azobenzene-based liquid crystalline polymeric films and their blends with highlyefficient NLO chromophores. These materials are designed with the aim of exploiting their photo-addressability in order to tailor their nonlinear behaviour. The magnitude and symmetry of theirnonlinear response was successfullycontrolled via light irradiation and thermal treatments. Moreover, as a spe cific application, the recording of efficient NLO gratings was achieved and is described here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction and Basic Theory
Experimental Methods
Nonlinear OpticalMolecular Response
Piperazine Azopolymer Thin Films
Films of Doped Low Polar Azopolymers
Nonlinear OpticalGratings
General Conclusions
Appendices
ISBN:9783642317569
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642307096:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Variational, Topological, and Partial Order Methods with Their Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Zhitao Zhang
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Nonlinear functional analysis is an important branch of contemporary mathematics. It's related to topology, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, groups, dynamical systems, differential geometry,measure theory, and more. In this book, the author presents some new and interesting results on fundamental methods in nonlinear functional analysis, namely variational, topological and partial order methods, which have been usedextensively to solve existence of solutions for ellipt ic equations, wave equations, Schrdinger equations, Hamiltonian systems etc., and are also used to study the existence of multiple solutions and properties of solutions. This bookis useful for researchers and graduate students in the field of nonlinear fu nctional analysis. Chapter 1 contains preliminaries. In Chapter 2, three kinds of operators are introduced: increasing operators, decreasing operators, andmixed monotone operators. In Chapter 3, the minimax methods are presented and in Chapter 4, the auth or uses bifurcation and critical point theory to study structures of the solutions of elliptic equations. Chapter 5 is concerned with aclass of MongeAmpre equations. In Chapter 6, the superlinear system of Hammerstein integral equations and applications i s studied. Chapter 7 is devoted to the DancerFucik spectrum. In Chapter 8, some results on sign-changingsolutions are introduced. In Chapter 9, a local minimizer problem of a functional in differential topology is studied. Chapter 10 focuses on a class of nonlocal Kirchhoff elliptic problems via different methods. In Chapter 11, thefocus is on free boundary problems, Schrdinger systems from BoseEinstein condensate and competing systems with many species
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Preliminaries
Sobolev spaces and embedding theorems
Critical point
Cone and partial order
Brouwer Degree
Compact map and Leray
Schauder Degree
Fredholm operators
Fixed point index
Banach's Contract Theorem, Implicit Functions Theorem
Krein
Rutman theorem
Bifurcation theory
Rearrangements of sets and functions
Genus and Category
Maximum principles and symmetry of solution
Comparison theorems
2 Cone and Partial Order Methods
Increasing operators
Decreasing operators
Mixed monotone operators
Applications of mixed monotone operators
Fur
ISBN:9783642307096
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Developments in Mathematics, 1389-2177 : v29
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642275944:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:UV-VIS and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization [electronic resource]
Author(s): Challa Kumar
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Second volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy for thecharacterization of n anomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry in the related fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Geometrically Tunable Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles by Hao Jing, Li Zhang, and Hui Wang
Optical Properties of Metallic Semishells breaking the symmetry of plasmonic nanoshells by Jian Ye and Pol Van Dorpea
Exploiting the tunable optical response of metallic nanoshells by Ovidio Pea
Rodrgue and Umapada Pal
UV
Vis spectroscopy for characterization of metal nanoparticles formed from reduction of metal ions during ultrasonic irradiation by Kenji Okitsu
Size
dependent optical properties of metallic nanostructures by Luca B. Scaffardia, Daniel C. Schincaa, Marcelo L
ISBN:9783642275944
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Spectroscopy , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319007472:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functionals of Multidimensional Diffusions with Applications to Finance [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jan Baldeaux
Eckhard Platen
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This research monograph provides an introduction to tractable multidimensional diffusion models, where transition densities, Laplace transforms, Fourier transforms, fundamental solutions or functionals can be obtained in explicitform.The book also pr ovides an introduction to the use of Lie symmetry group methods for diffusions, which allows to compute a wide range of functionals. Besides the well-known methodology on affine diffusions it presents a novelapproach to affine processes with applications in finance.Numerical methods, including Monte Carlo and quadrature methods, are discussed together with supporting material on stochastic processes. Applications in finance, forinstance, on credit risk and credit valuation adjustment are included in the b ook.The functionals of multidimensional diffusions analyzed in this book are significant for many areas of application beyond finance. The book is aimed ata wide readership, and develops an intuitive and rigorous understanding of the mathematics underlyin g the derivation of explicit formulas for functionals of multidimensional diffusions
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 A Benchmark Approach to Risk Management
2 Functionals of Wiener Processes
3 Functionals of Squared Bessel Processes
4 Lie Symmetry Group Methods
5 Transition Densities via Lie Symmetry Methods
6 Exact and Almost Exact Simulation
7 Affine Diffusion Processes on the Euclidean Space
8 Pricing Using Affine Diffusions
9 Solvable Affine Processes on the Euclidean State Space
10 An Introduction to Matrix Variate Stochastics
11 Wishart Processes
12 Monte Carlo and Quasi
Monte Carlo Methods
13 Computational Tools
14 Credit Risk under the Benchmark Approach
A
ISBN:9783319007472
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Bocconi & Springer Series, Mathematics, Statistics, Finance and Economics, 2039-1471 : v5
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Finance
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004228:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetic Simulations of Ion Transport in Fusion Devices [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrs Bustos Molina
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This thesis deals with the problem of ion confinement in thermonuclear fusion devices. It is a topic of general interest, as it helps to understand via numerical simulations the ion confinement properties in complex geometries,in order to predict the ir behavior and maximize the performance of future fusion reactors. The main work carried out in this thesis is the improvement and exploitation of an existing simulation code called ISDEP. This code solves theso-called ion collisional transport in arbitr ary plasma geometry, improving in this sense other existing codes. Additionally, it presents outstanding portability and scalability in distributed computing architectures, such as Grid orVolunteer Computing. The main physical results can be divided into two blocks. First, the study of 3D ion transport in ITER is presented. ITER is the largest fusion reactor (under construction) and most of the simulations so far assumethe axis-symmetry of the device. Unfortunately, this symmetry is only an approximation because of the discrete number of magnetic coils used. ISDEP has shown, using a simple model of the 3D magnetic field, how the ion confinement isaffected by this symmetry breaking. Secondly, ISDEP has been applied successfully to the study of fast ion dyn amics in fusion plasmas. The fast ions, with energies much larger than the thermal energy, are a product of the devicesheating system. Thus, a numerical predictive tool can be used to improve the heating efficiency. ISDEP has been combined with the FAFNER 2 code to study such ions in stellarator (TJ-II, LHD) and tokamak (ITER) geometries. It has alsobeen validated by experimental results. In particular, comparisons with the CNPA diagnostic in the TJ-II stellarator are remarkable
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
ISDEP
3D Transport in ITER
Simulations of Fast Ions in Stellarators
Simulations of NBI Ion Transport in ITER
Overview and Conclusions
ISBN:9783319004228
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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