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Call number: | 9789402409994:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Practical Essentials |
Author(s): |
Francesco Knechtli |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XIII, 140 p. 12 illus., 1 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Quantum Field Theory (QFT) on the Lattice -- A brief history of quarks and gluons -- Classical fields and gauge invariance -- Hamiltonian and path integral formulations of quantum mechanics -- Quantum fields on a lattice -- Recovering |
continuum QCD -- Further reading -- Monte Carlo methods -- Markov chain Monte Carlo -- Sampling Yang–Mills gauge fields -- Hybrid Monte Carlo -- Symplectic integration schemes -- Summary and Further reading -- Handling fermions on the | |
lattice -- Wick contractions -- Sparse Linear Algebra -- Fermion determinant -- HMC with fermions revisited -- The quark propagator from a point source -- All-to-all quark propagators -- Summary and Further reading -- Calculating | |
observables of quantum fields -- Symmetry properties of creation and annihilation operators -- Techniques for hadron spectroscopy -- Gluons, Wilson Loops and glueballs -- Quarks and hadron physics -- Statistical data analysis -- | |
Summary -- A Notational conventions -- A.1 SU(N) notation -- A.2 Fermions -- A.3 Probability spaces -- References | |
ISBN: | 9789402409994 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Computers , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Computing Methodologies , Mathematical Physics |
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Call number: | 9783319495712:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Characterizing Entanglement and Quantum Correlations Constrained by Symmetry |
Author(s): |
Jordi Tura i Brugués |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XXV, 237 p. 17 illus., 8 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Background -- PPT Entangled Symmetric States -- Nonlocality in Multipartite Quantum States -- Relating Entanglement and Nonlocality -- Atomic Monogamies of Correlations -- Conclusions and Outlook |
ISBN: | 9783319495712 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum physics , Phase transformations (Statistical physics) , Condensed materials , Condensed matter , Quantum computers , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Physics , Mathematical Physics , Quantum Gases and Condensates , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics |
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Call number: | 9783319470795:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Recent Trends in Operator Theory and Partial Differential Equations The Roland Duduchava Anniversary Volume |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XVIII, 300 p. 24 illus., 22 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Roland Duduchava -- The Duduchava-Roch formula -- Convolution Type Operators with Symmetry in Bessel Potential Spaces -- On Symmetries of the Feinberg-Zee Random Hopping Matrix -- Inequalities of Babuška-Aziz and Friedrichs-Velte for |
differential forms -- High Frequency Oscillations of first Eigenmodes in Axisymmetric shells as the thickness tends to zero -- Kernels of Wiener-Hopf plus Hankel operators with matching generating functions -- Spline Galerkin methods | |
for the double layer potential equations on contours with corners -- C*-algebras of Bergman Type Operators with Piecewise Continuous Coefficients over Bounded Polygonal Domains -- Solvability and Lyapunov stability of a two-component | |
system of generalized Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations -- A local uniqueness result for a quasi-linear heat transmission problem in a periodic two-phase dilute composite -- The method of potential operators for anisotropic Helmholtz | |
operators on domains with smooth unbounded boundaries -- Gabor Analysis for Schrödinger Equations and Propagation of Singularities -- Commutative algebras of Toeplitz operators on a Siegel domain associated with the nilpotent group of | |
its biholomorphisms | |
ISBN: | 9783319470795 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Integral equations , Operator theory , Partial differential equations , Numerical analysis , Mathematics , Operator Theory , Partial Differential Equations , Integral Equations , Numerical Analysis |
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Call number: | 9783319461434:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Universal Coefficient Theorem and Quantum Field Theory A Topological Guide for the Duality Seeker |
Author(s): |
Andrei-Tudor Patrascu |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XVI, 270 p. 6 illus., 1 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Elements of General Topology -- Algebraic Topology -- Homological Algebra -- Connections: Topology and Analysis -- The Atyiah Singer Index Theorem -- Universal Coeﬃcient Theorems -- BV and BRST Quantization, Quantum |
Observables and Symmetry -- Universal Coeﬃcient Theorem and Quantum Field Theory -- The Universal Coeﬃcient Theorem and Black Holes -- From Grothendieck’s Schemes to QCD -- Conclusions. | |
ISBN: | 9783319461434 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Algebraic topology , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Algebraic Topology , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory |
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Call number: | 9783319436265:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | EPFL Lectures on Conformal Field Theory in D ≥ 3 Dimensions |
Author(s): |
Slava Rychkov |
Date: | 2017 |
Size: | 1 online resource (XII, 72 p. 14 illus., 12 illus. in color p.) |
Contents: | Introduction -- Physical Foundations of Conformal Symmetry -- Conformal kinematics -- Radial quantization and OPE -- Conformal Bootstrap |
ISBN: | 9783319436265 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer 2017 package |
Keywords: | Physics , Mathematical physics , Quantum field theory , String theory , Elementary particles (Physics) , Physics , Quantum Field Theories, String Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences |
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Call number: | 9780849387760:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Gauge theories in particle physics [electronic resource] : a practical introduction. Vol. 2, Non-Abelian gauge theories : QCD and the electroweak theory |
Author(s): |
Ian Johnston Rhind Aitchison |
Date: | 2004 |
Edition: | 3rd ed. |
Publisher: | Bristol : Institute of Physics Pub. |
Size: | 1 online resource (454 p.) |
Contents: | pt. 5. Non-abelian symmetries -- pt. 6. QCD and the renormalization group -- pt. 7. Spontaneously broken symmetry -- pt. 8. Weak interactions and the electroweak theory. |
ISBN: | 9780849387760 |
Series: | CRCnetBase eBook platform |
Series: | Graduate student series in physics |
Series: | eBooks single |
Keywords: | Gauge fields (Physics) , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Weak interactions (Nuclear physics) , Quantum electrodynamics , Feynman diagrams |
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Location: | ONLINE |
Call number: | 7349:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | At the leading edge [electronic resource]: the ATLAS and CMS LHC experiments |
Author(s): |
Dan Green (ed.) |
Date: | 2010 |
Publisher: | Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific |
Size: | 1 online resource (436 p.) |
Note: | Unlimited concurrent users |
Note: | World Scientific eBook platform |
Contents: | Introduction : How physics defines the LHC environment and detectors -- The CMS pixel detector, W. Erdmann -- The hybrid tracking systems of ATLAS, Leonardo Rossi -- The all-silicon strip CMS tracker : microtechnology at the macroscale, M. Mannelli -- The ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeters : features and performance Luciano Mandelli -- The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter : crystals and APD productions, P. Bloch -- ATLAS electronics : an overview, Philippe Farthouat -- Innovations in the CMS tracker electronics, G. Hall -- TileCal : the hadronic section of the central ATLAS calorimeter, K. Anderson ... et al. -- Innovations for the CMS HCAL, J. Freeman -- ATLAS superconducting toroids : the largest ever built, Herman H.J. ten Kate -- Constructing a 4-tesla large thin solenoid at the limit of what can be safely operated, A. Herve. -- The ATLAS muon spectrometer, Giora Mikenberg -- The CMS muon detector : from the first thoughts to the final design, Fabrizio Gasparini -- The why and how of the ATLAS data acquisition system, Livio Mapelli and Giuseppe Mornacchi -- Removing the haystack : the CMS trigger and data acquisition system, Vivian O'Dell. |
ISBN: | 9789814277624 |
Series: | eBooks Single |
Keywords: | Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland) , Nuclear counters , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Symmetry (Physics) |
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Call number: | TK7871.65.H46::2008 Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The Stripline Circulator : Theory and Practice |
Author(s): |
J. (Joseph) Helszajn |
Date: | 2008 |
Publisher: | J. Wiley & Sons |
Contents: | Architecture of Symmetrical Stripline Junction Circulators |
Permeability Tensor of Magnetic Insulator | |
Spatial Shape Demagnetizing Factors of Magnetic Insulators | |
Scattering Matrix of m-port Junction | |
Eigenvalue Adjustment of Three-Port Circulator | |
Impedance Matrix of Junction Circulator | |
The 1-Port Topology of the Degree-1 and 2 Terminated Circulator | |
Cut-Off Space of Cloverleaf Planar Resonators with Magnetic Walls | |
Standing Wave Solutions of Wye Gyromagnetic Planar Resonators | |
Planar Resonators with Triplets of Radial and Circumferential Magnetic Walls | |
Split Unloaded Quality Factors of Gyromagnetic Resonators | |
The Lumped Element Circulator | |
The Stripline Junction Circulator Using a Gyromagnetic Disk Resonator | |
Greens Function Description of Junction Circulator | |
Finite Element Formulation of Junction Circulator | |
Circulators Using Triangular and Irregular Hexagonal Planar Resonators | |
The Operation of the Tracking and Semi-Tracking Circulators | |
The Negative Permeability Tracking and Semi-Tracking Circulators | |
Synthesis of Wide-Band Circulators Using Narrow Coupling Angles | |
Complex Gyrator Circuit of 3-port Circulators Using Gyromagnetic Resonators with Six-Fold Symmetry | |
Open-Circuit Parameters of Circulators Using Side-Coupled Wye Resonators : An Impedance Approach | |
The 4-Port Single Junction Circulator | |
Frequency Response of Quarter-Wave Coupled Reciprocal Stripline Junctions | |
Scattering Matrices of Junction Circulator with Chebyshev Characteristics | |
Synthesis of Stepped Impedance Transducers | |
Fabrication of UHF Circulators Using Irregular Hexagonal Gyromagnetic Resonators | |
Fabrication of Very Weakly and Weakly Magnetised Microstrip Circulators | |
The Stripline Circulator Theory and Practice | |
ISBN: | 9780470258781 |
Series: | Wiley series in microwave and optical engineering |
Keywords: | Circulators, Wave-guide Design and construction |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783658125493:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Toroidal Multipole Moments in Classical Electrodynamics An Analysis of their Emergence and Physical Significance |
Author(s): |
Stefan Nanz |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (87 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-658-12549-3 |
Contents: | Symmetry Considerations of Charge-Current Distributions -- Multipole Expansion of the Electromagnetic Potentials and Fields -- Conclusions for the Physical Significance of Toroidal Multipole Moments |
ISBN: | 9783658125493 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Nuclear physics , Atoms , Physics , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Particle and Nuclear Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319314389:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Strangeness and Charge Symmetry Violation in Nucleon Structure |
Author(s): |
Phiala Elisabeth Shanahan |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (19 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-31438-9 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Quantum Chromodynamics -- Chiral Perturbation Theory -- Octet Baryon Mass Splittings -- Sigma Commutators -- Parton Distribution Moments -- Electromagnetic Form Factors -- Summary and Outlook |
ISBN: | 9783319314389 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Physics , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory , Mathematical Methods in Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319312996:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | At the Frontier of Spacetime Scalar-Tensor Theory, Bells Inequality, Machs Principle, Exotic Smoothness |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (15 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-31299-6 |
Contents: | 65 Years in and Around Relativity (C. H. Brans) -- Part I Scalar-Tensor Theories (Brans-Dicke Theory): Nonminimal Couplings in the Early Universe: Multifield Models of Inflation and the Latest Observations (D. I. Kaiser) -- A New |
Estimate of the Mass of the Gravitational Scalar Field for Dark Energy (Y. Fujii) -- Axion and dilaton + metric emerge jointly from an electromagnetic model universe with local and linear response behavior (F. W. Hehl) -- Gravitational | |
theories with stable (anti-)de Sitter backgrounds (T. Biswas, A. Koshelev and A. Mazumdar) -- Rotating Boson Stars (E. W. Mielke) -- The Lambda-CDM Model is not a Universal Attractor of the Brans-Dicke Cosmology (I. Quiros) -- New | |
Setting for Spontaneous Gauge Symmetry Breaking? (R. Jackiw and S.-Y. Pi) -- The Brans-Dicke theory and its experimental tests (M. P. McHugh) -- Part II Mach's Principle and Bell's inequality: Mach's Principle and the Origin of Inertia | |
(B. Mashhoon) -- The Significance of Measurement Independence for Bell Inequalities and Locality (M. J. W. Hall) -- Part III Exotic Smoothness and Space-Time Models: Exotic Smoothness, Physics and Related Topics (J. Sladkowski) -- | |
Model and Set-Theoretic Aspects of Exotic Smoothness Structures on R^4 (J. Król) -- Exotic Smoothness on Spheres (D. Randall) -- Smooth Quantum Gravity: Exotic Smoothness and Quantum Gravity (T. Asselmeyer-Maluga) | |
ISBN: | 9783319312996 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics: 183 |
Keywords: | Physics , Gravitation , Cosmology , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Cosmology , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319253763:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Probing the Response of Two-Dimensional Crystals by Optical Spectroscopy |
Author(s): |
Yilei Li |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (69 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-25376-3 |
Contents: | Introduction and Background -- Intrinsic Doping Dependence of Raman 2D Mode in Graphene: Signatures of Electron-Electron Interaction -- Coupling of Strongly Localized Graphene Plasmons to Molecular Vibrations -- Dielectric Response of |
a Thin Sheet -- Measurement of the Optical Dielectric Function of Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2 -- Measurement of the Second-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility and Probing Symmetry Properties of | |
Few-Layer MoS2 and h-BN by Optical Second-Harmonic Generation -- Valley Splitting and Polarization by Zeeman Effect in Monolayer MoSe2 -- Conclusion and Prospect | |
ISBN: | 9783319253763 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Surfaces (Physics) , Interfaces (Physical sciences) , Thin films , Optics , Optoelectronics , Plasmons (Physics) , Spectroscopy , Microscopy , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Optics, Optoelectronics, Plasmonics and Optical Devices , Optical and Electronic Materials , Surface and Interface Science, Thin Films , Spectroscopy and Microscopy |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319248714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Nonlinear Dynamics: Materials, Theory and Experiments Selected Lectures, 3rd Dynamics Days South America, Valparaiso 3-7 November 2014 |
Author(s): | |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (114 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-24871-4 |
Contents: | Visualisation of the intensity and phase dynamics of semiconductor lasers via electric field reconstructions -- Coarsening dynamics of umbilical defects in inhomogeneous medium -- Spreading, Nonergodicity, and Selftrapping: a puzzle |
of interacting disordered lattice waves -- Nonlinear dynamics of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers: deterministic chaos and random number generation -- Experimental observation of front propagation in Lugiato-Lefever equation in | |
a negative diffractive regime and inhomogeneous Kerr cavity -- Splitting, hatching and transformation of the repetition rate in a mode locked laser -- Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Nonlinear Systems: an Overview and a Simple Model | |
-- Experimental Spatiotemporal Chaotic textures in a Liquid Crystal Light Valve with optical feedback | |
ISBN: | 9783319248714 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Physics: 173 |
Keywords: | Physics , Physical chemistry , Lasers , Photonics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Complexity, Computational , Fluid mechanics , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Laser Technology, Photonics , Physical Chemistry , Engineering Fluid Dynamics , Complexity |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319222073:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Study of the Isoscalar Giant Monopole Resonance The Role of Symmetry Energy in Nuclear Incompressibility in the Open-Shell Nuclei |
Author(s): |
Darshana Chandrakant Patel |
Date: | 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (9 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-22207-3 |
Contents: | Introduction -- Nuclear Matter Incompressibility -- Giant Resonances -- Compressional Mode GRs and Nuclear Incompressibility -- Experimental Tools to Study ISGMR -- Motivation -- Theory of Collective Motion -- Introduction -- |
Distorted-Wave Born Approximation (DWBA) -- Sum rules -- Transition Densities and Transition Potentials -- Contribution from the Isovector Giant Dipole Resonance -- Experimental Overview and Data Reduction -- Overview -- Experimental | |
Setup -- Detector Setup -- Data Acquisition System -- Experimental Specifications -- Data Reduction -- Data Analysis -- Overview -- Optical Model -- Global Optical Model Analysis -- Multipole Decomposition Analysis -- Results and | |
Discussion -- Overview -- E-309 -- E-340 -- E.318 -- Summary and Current Status | |
ISBN: | 9783319222073 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Heavy ions , Hadrons , Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2016-9783319218281:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta |
Author(s): |
Kerry Kuehn |
Date: | 2016 |
Edition: | 1st ed. 2016 |
Size: | 1 online resource (463 p.) |
Note: | 10.1007/978-3-319-21828-1 |
Contents: | A New Science of Heat -- Heat, Symmetry and Mathematics -- Steam Engines and Heat Flow -- Carnot's Cycle -- Engines are Thermometers -- Temperature, Pressure and Reversibility -- The Language of Science -- Energy and Entropy -- |
Conduction of Heat -- On Radiation -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory -- Atomism and Kinetic Theory 2 -- Dynamical and Statistical Laws -- The Discovery of the Electron -- The Mass and Velocity of a-particles -- Identifying the a Particle | |
-- Targeting the Nucleus -- Nuclear Structure -- The Discovery of the Neutron -- The Nature of the Neutron -- Corpuscles of Light -- X-Ray Optics 1 -- X-Ray Optics 2 -- Electron diffraction 1 -- Electron diffraction 2 -- The Bohr model | |
of the atom -- Atomic spectra -- The periodic table -- The Birth of the Quantum -- Matter Waves -- Quantum Orthodoxy -- Causality and Chance in Quantum Theory -- Indeterminacy -- Bohm's critique of Copenhagen | |
ISBN: | 9783319218281 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer eBooks |
Keywords: | Physics , Philosophy and science , Science education , Cosmology , Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics , Philosophy of Science , Science Education , Cosmology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9789400776425:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Symmetries in Fundamental Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kurt Sundermeyer |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the laws of nature areinvariant under spacetime tran sformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognitionfor nearly half a century, but can today be unders tood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, asshown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P. Wigner ... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invarianceproperties of these laws would not furnish us new information. Thanks to Wigner we now also under stand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic propertiesof particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N. Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementaryparticle physics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree motivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry. The treatment of symmetries inthis monograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity |
Contents: | Preface |
Notation | |
Introduction | |
Symmetry: Argument, Principle, and Leitmotif | |
Operations and Invariants | |
Symmetries in Fundamental Physics | |
The Scope of Symmetries | |
Bibliographical Notes | |
Classical Mechanics | |
Newtonian and Analytical Mechanics | |
Symmetries and Conservation Laws | |
Galilei Group | |
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity | |
Electrodynamics la Maxwell | |
Special Relativity | |
Noether Theorems | |
Poincar Transformations | |
Generalizations of Poincar Symmetry | |
On the Validity of Special Relativity | |
Quantum Mechanics | |
Principles of Quantum Mechan | |
ISBN: | 9789400776425 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9784431548287:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to Supergravity [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Yoshiaki Tanii |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book is a pedagogical introduction to supergravity, a gravitational field theory that includes supersymmetry (symmetry between bosons and fermions) and is a generalization of Einstein's general relativity. Supergravityprovides a low-energy effec tive theory of superstring theory, which has attracted much attention as a candidate for the unified theory of fundamental particles, and it is a useful tool for studying non-perturbative properties ofsuperstring theory such as D-branes and string duality . This work considers classical supergravities in four and higher spacetime dimensions with their applications to superstring theory in mind. More concretely, it discusses classicalLagrangians (or field equations) and symmetry properties of supergravities . Besides local symmetries, supergravities often have global non-compact symmetries, which play a crucial role in their applications to superstring theory. Oneof the main features of this book is its detailed discussion of these non-compact symmetries. Th e aim of the book is twofold. One is to explain the basic ideas of supergravity to those who are not familiar with it. Toward that end, thediscussions are made both pedagogical and concrete by stating equations explicitly. The other is to collect relevant formulae in one place so as to be useful for applications to string theory. The subjects discussed in this bookinclude the vielbein formulation of gravity, supergravities in four dimensions, possible types of spinors in various dimensions, superalgebras and supermultiplets, non-linear sigma models for non-compact Lie groups, electric-magneticduality symmetries, supergravities in higher dimensions, dimensional reductions, and gauged and massive supergravities |
ISBN: | 9784431548287 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics, 2197-1757 : v1 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Mathematical physics |
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Title: | Supersymmetry After the Higgs Discovery [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Ignatios Antoniadis Dumitru Ghilencea |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Supersymmetry (SUSY) is a new symmetry that relates bosons and fermions, which has strong support at both the mathematical and the physical level. This book offers a comprehensive review, following the development of SUSY from itsvery early days up t o present. The order of the contributions should provide the reader with the historical development as well as the latest theoretical updates and interpretations, and experimental constraints from particleaccelerators and dark matter searches. It is a gre at pleasure to bring together here contributions from authors who initiated or have contributed significantly to the development of this theory over so many years. To present a balancedpoint of view, the book also includes a closing contribution that atte mpts to describe the physics beyond the Standard Model in the absence of SUSY. The contributions to this book have been previously published in The EuropeanPhysical Journal C - Particles and Fields |
Contents: | P. Ramond, SUSY: the early years (19661976) |
P. Fayet, The Supersymmetric Standard Model | |
I. Melzer | |
Pellmann (CMS), P. Pralavorio (ATLAS), Lessons for SUSY from the LHC after the first run | |
J. Ellis, Supersymmetric fits after the Higgs discovery and implications for model building | |
A. Djouadi, Implications of the Higgs discovery for the MSSM | |
G. G. Ross, SUSY: Quo Vadis? | |
R. Catena, L. Covi, SUSY dark matter(s) | |
H. P. Nilles, The strings connection: MSSM | |
like models from strings | |
B. Bellazzini, C. Cski, J. Serra, Composit | |
ISBN: | 9783662441725 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783642376290:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Objects [electronic resource] : Non-Local Correlation, Causality and Objective Indefiniteness in the Quantum World |
Author(s): |
Gregg Jaeger |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This monograph identifiesthe essential characteristics of the objects described by current quantum theoryand considers their relationship to space-time.In the process, it explicates the senses in which quantum objects may beconsistently considered to have parts of which they may be composed or into which they may be decomposed. The book also demonstrates the degree to which reduction is possible in quantum mechanics, showing it to be related to theobjective indefiniteness of quantum properties and th e strong non-local correlations that can occur betweenthephysical quantities of quantum subsystems. Careful attention is paid to the relationships among such propertycorrelations, physical causation, probability, and symmetry in quantum theory. In this wa y, the text identifies and clarifies the conceptual grounds underlying the unique nature of many quantum phenomena |
Contents: | Non |
locality, Communication, and Entanglement | |
Einstein locality | |
Bell locality | |
Communication | |
Non | |
locality | |
Entanglement | |
Causation, Imprecision, and Indefiniteness | |
Probability | |
Causation | |
Indeterminacy | |
Imprecision | |
Indefiniteness | |
Individuals, Parts, and Wholes | |
Potentiality | |
Discernibility | |
Individuation | |
Persistence | |
Parts and wholes | |
ISBN: | 9783642376290 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics : v175 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Science Philosophy , Quantum theory |
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Title: | Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Bulk and Surface Electronic Structures |
Author(s): |
Shigemasa Suga Akira Sekiyama |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Photoelectron spectroscopy is now becoming more and more required to investigate electronic structures of various solid materials in the bulk, on surfaces as well as at buried interfaces. The energy resolution was much improved inthe last decade down to 1 meV in the low photon energy region. Now this technique is available from a few eV up to 10 keV by use of lasers, electron cyclotron resonance lamps in addition to synchrotron radiation and X-ray tubes. Highresolution angle resolved photoelectron sp ectroscopy (ARPES) is now widely applied to band mapping of materials. It attracts a wide attention from both fundamental science and material engineering. Studies of the dynamics of excitedstates are feasible by time of flight spectroscopywith fully util izing the pulse structures of synchrotron radiation as well as lasers including the free electron lasers (FEL). Spin resolved studies also made dramatic progress byusing higher efficiency spin detectors and two dimensional spin detectors. Polarization dep endent measurements in the whole photon energy spectrum of the spectra provide useful information on the symmetry of orbitals. The book dealswith the fundamental concepts and approaches for the application of this technique to materials studies. Complemen tary techniques such as inverse photoemission, photoelectron diffraction, photon spectroscopy including infrared andX-ray and scanning tunneling spectroscopy are presented. This book provides not only a wide scope of photoelectron spectroscopy of solids b ut also extends our understanding of electronic structures beyond photoelectron spectroscopy |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
Instrumentation and Methodology | |
Bulk and Surface Sensitivity of Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Examples of Angle Integrated Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Angle | |
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy in HV | |
regions | |
High Resolution Soft X | |
ray Angle | |
Integrated and | |
Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Correlated Electron Systems | |
Very Low Photon Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy | |
Inverse Photoemission | |
Photoelectron Diffraction | |
Complementary Techniques for Studying Bulk Electronic Structures | |
Surface Spectroscopy by Scanning Tunneling Microscope | |
ISBN: | 9783642375309 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 0342-4111 : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319078427:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Probability on Compact Lie Groups [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
David Applebaum |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Probability theory on compact Lie groups deals with the interaction between chance and symmetry, a beautiful area of mathematics of great interest in its own sake but which is now also finding increasing applicationsin statistics and engineering (par ticularly with respect to signal processing). The author gives a comprehensive introduction to some of the principle areas of study, with an emphasis on applicability. The most important topicspresented are: the study of measures via the non-commutative F ourier transform, existence and regularity of densities, properties of random walks and convolution semigroups of measures, and the statistical problem of deconvolution. Theemphasis on compact (rather than general) Lie groups helps readers to get acquaint ed with what is widely seen as a difficult field but which is also justified by the wealth of interesting results at this level and the importance ofthese groups for applications. The book is primarily aimed at researchers working in probability, stochast ic analysis and harmonic analysis on groups. It will also be of interest to mathematicians working in Lie theory and physicists,statisticians and engineers who are working on related applications. A background in first year graduate level measure theoreti c probability and functional analysis is essential a background in Lie groups and representation theory iscertainly helpful but the first two chapters also offer orientation in these subjects |
Contents: | Introduction |
1.Lie Groups | |
2.Representations, Peter | |
Weyl Theory and Weights | |
3.Analysis on Compact Lie Groups | |
4.Probability Measures on Compact Lie Groups | |
5.Convolution Semigroups of Measures | |
6.Deconvolution Density Estimation | |
Appendices | |
Index | |
Bibliography | |
ISBN: | 9783319078427 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling, 2199-3130 : v70 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Topological Groups , Harmonic analysis , Fourier analysis , Functional analysis , Distribution (Probability theory) |
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Title: | The Influence of Demographic Stochasticity on Population Dynamics [electronic resource] : A Mathematical Study of Noise-Induced Bistable States and Stochastic Patterns |
Author(s): |
Tommaso Biancalani |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | The dynamics of population systems cannot be understood within the framework of ordinary differential equations, which assume that the number of interacting agents is infinite. With recent advances in ecology, biochemistry andgenetics it is becoming increasingly clear that real systems are in fact subject to a great deal of noise. Relevant examples include social insects competing for resources, molecules undergoing chemical reactions in a cell and a poolof genomes subject to evolution.When the popul ation size is small, novel macroscopic phenomena can arise, which can be analyzed using the theory of stochastic processes. This thesis is centered on two unsolved problems in populationdynamics: the symmetry breaking observed in foraging populations, and the robustness of spatial patterns. We argue that these problems can be resolved with the help of two novel concepts: noise-induced bistable states and stochasticpatterns |
ISBN: | 9783319077284 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Ecology , Distribution (Probability theory) |
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Title: | Irreversibility and Dissipation in Microscopic Systems [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
dgar Roldn |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | After an insightful introductory part on recent developments in the thermodynamics of small systems, the author presents his contribution to a long-standing problem, namely the connection between irreversibility and dissipation.He develops a method b ased on recent results on fluctuation theorems that is able to estimate dissipation using only information acquired in a single, sufficiently long, trajectory of a stationary nonequilibrium process. This part endswith a remarkable application of the metho d to the analysis of biological data, in this case, the fluctuations of a hair bundle. The third part studies the energetics of systems that undergo symmetry breaking transitions. Thesetheoretical ideas lead to, among other things, an experimental realiza tion of a Szilard engine using manipulated colloids. This work has the potential for important applications ranging from the analysis of biological media to thedesign of novel artificial nano-machines |
Contents: | Introduction |
Small | |
scale thermodynamics | |
Irreversibility and dissipation | |
Dissipation and kullback | |
leibler divergence | |
Estimating the kullback | |
leibler divergence | |
A case study: the flashing ratchet | |
Application to biology: the ear hair bundle | |
Experimental tests and applications of stochastic Thermodynamics | |
Energetics of symmetry breaking | |
Effective heating with random forces | |
Conclusions | |
Conclusions and outlook | |
ISBN: | 9783319070797 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Thermodynamics |
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Title: | Electroweak Symmetry Breaking [electronic resource] : By Dynamically Generated Masses of Quarks and Leptons |
Author(s): |
Mgr.Adam Smetana |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | With this thesis the author contributes to the development of a nonmainstream but long-standing approach to electroweak symmetry breaking based on an analogy with superconductivity. Electroweak symmetry breaking is assumed to becaused by dynamically generated masses of typical fermions, i.e., of quarks and leptons, which in turn assumes a new dynamics between quarks and leptons. Primarily it is designed to generate fermion masses, and electroweak symmetrybreaking is an automatic consequence.. the sum mary of the topic, the first main part of the thesis addresses the question as to whether the masses of known quarks and leptons provide sufficiently strong sources of electroweak symmetrybreaking. It is demonstrated that neutrino masses subject to the se esaw mechanism are indispensable ingredients. The other two parts of the thesis are dedicated to the presentation of two particular models: The first model is based onthe new strong Yukawa dynamics and serves as a platform for studying the ability to repr oduce fermion masses. The second, more realistic model introduces a flavor gauge dynamics and its phenomenological consequences are studied.Although interest in this type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of the Standard -Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in this type of model has waxed and wanedover the years, following the discovery of the Standard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance. Although interest in th is type of model has waxed and waned over the years, following the discovery of theStandard-Model-like Higgs particle, it is regaining its relevance |
Contents: | Dynamical Electroweak Symmetry Breaking |
Top | |
Quark and Neutrino Condensation | |
Model of Strong Yukawa Dynamics | |
Model of Flavor Gauge Dynamics | |
ISBN: | 9783319070735 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Mathematical physics , Quantum theory |
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Title: | Searches for CP Violation in Charmed Meson Decays [electronic resource] : A Study of D+ K - K+ + at the LHCb Experiment / by Hamish Gordon |
Author(s): |
Hamish Gordon |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Our current understanding of the fundamental building blocks of the Universe, summarised by the Standard Model of particle physics, is incomplete. For example, it fails to explain why we do not see equal, or almost equal, numbersof particles and thei r antiparticle partners. To explain this asymmetry requires, among other effects, a mechanism known as charge-parity (CP) violation that causes differences between the rates at which particles and antiparticlesdecay. CP violation is seen in systems contai ning bottom and strange quarks, but not in those with up, charm or top quarks. This thesis describes searches for particle-antiparticle asymmetries in the decay rates of charmed mesons. Noevidence of CP violation is found. With current sensitivities, an a symmetry large enough to observe probably could not be explained by the Standard Model. Instead an explanation could come from new physics, for example contributionsfrom supersymmetric or other undiscovered heavy particles. In the thesis, the development of new techniques to search for these asymmetries is described. They are applied to data from the LHCb experiment at CERN to make precisemeasurements of asymmetries in the D^+->K^-K^+pi^+ decay channel. This is the most promising charged D decay for CP vi olation searches |
Contents: | Theoretical Background |
The LHCb Detector | |
Search for CP Violation in D^+ | |
>K^ | |
K^+pi^ Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2010 | |
Search for CP Violation in D+ ! + Decays with Data Collected at LHCb in 2011 | |
Conclusions and Outlook | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783319070674 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319065816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Symmetries in Fundamental Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kurt Sundermeyer |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the laws of nature areinvariant under spacetime tran sformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognitionfor nearly half a century, but can today be unders tood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, asshown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P.Wigner ... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invarianceproperties of these laws would not furnish us new information. Thanks to Wigner we now also unders tand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic propertiesof particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N.Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementary particlephysics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree mot ivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry.The treatment of symmetries in thismonograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity |
Contents: | Preface |
Notation | |
Introduction | |
Symmetry: Argument, Principle, and Leitmotif | |
Operations and Invariants | |
Symmetries in Fundamental Physics | |
The Scope of Symmetries | |
Bibliographical Notes | |
Classical Mechanics | |
Newtonian and Analytical Mechanics | |
Symmetries and Conservation Laws | |
Galilei Group | |
Electrodynamics and Special Relativity | |
Electrodynamics la Maxwell | |
Special Relativity | |
Noether Theorems | |
Poincar Transformations | |
Generalizations of Poincar Symmetry | |
On the Validity of Special Relativity | |
Quantum Mechanics | |
Principles of Quantum Mechan | |
ISBN: | 9783319065816 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Fundamental Theories of Physics : v176 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Title: | Geometry of Manifolds with Non-negative Sectional Curvature [electronic resource] : Editors: Rafael Herrera, Luis Hernndez-Lamoneda |
Author(s): |
Owen Dearricott Fernando Galaz-Garca Lee Kennard Catherine Searle Gregor Weingart Wolfgang Ziller |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Providing an up-to-date overview of the geometry of manifolds with non-negative sectional curvature, this volume gives a detailed account of the most recent research in the area. The lectures cover a wide range of topics such asgeneral isometric grou p actions, circle actions on positively curved four manifolds, cohomogeneity one actions on Alexandrov spaces, isometric torus actions on Riemannian manifolds of maximal symmetry rank, n-Sasakian manifolds,isoparametric hypersurfaces in spheres, contact C R and CR submanifolds, Riemannian submersions and the Hopf conjecture with symmetry. Also included is an introduction to the theory of exterior differential systems |
Contents: | Riemannian manifolds with positive sectional curvature |
An introduction to isometric group actions | |
A note on maximal symmetry rank, quasipositive curvature and low dimensional manifolds | |
Lectures on n | |
Sasakian manifolds | |
On the Hopf conjecture with symmetry | |
An Introduction to Exterior Differential Systems | |
ISBN: | 9783319063737 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2110 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Global analysis , Global differential geometry , Cell aggregation Mathematics |
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Title: | An Introduction to Relativistic Processes and the Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Carlo M Becchi Giovanni Ridolfi |
Date: | 2014 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | These lectures are meant to be a reference and handbook for an introductory course in Theoretical Particle Physics, suitable for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. Their purpose is to reconcile theoreticalrigour and completeness with a careful analysis of more phenomenological aspects of the physics. They aim at filling the gap between quantum field theory textbooks and purely phenomenological treatments of fundamental interactions. Thefirst part provides an introduction to scatt ering in relativistic quantum field theory. Thanks to an original approach to relativistic processes, the relevant computational techniques are derived cleanly and simply in thesemi-classical approximation. The second part contains a detailed presentation of the gauge theory of electroweak interactions with particular focus to the processes of greatest phenomenological interest. The main novelties of thepresent second edition are a more complete discussion of relativistic scattering theory and an expansio n of the study of the corrections to the semi-classical approximation, including important processes in LHC physics. The extensionof the standard model to include neutrino masses and oscillations is also discussed, and updated with new results |
Contents: | Introduction |
Relativistic field theory | |
Scattering theory | |
Feynman | |
Spinor fields | |
Gauge symmetries | |
The standard model | |
Spontaneous breaking of the gauge symmetry | |
Breaking of accidental symmetries | |
Summary | |
Applications | |
Neutrino masses and mixing | |
A. Large | |
time evolution of the free field | |
B. Scattering from an external density | |
C. Dirac matrices | |
D. Violation of unitarity in the Fermi theory | |
References | |
ISBN: | 9783319061306 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319048703:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Combinatorial Algebraic Geometry [electronic resource] : Levico Terme, Italy 2013, Editors: Sandra Di Rocco, Bernd Sturmfels |
Author(s): |
Aldo Conca Sandra Di Rocco Jan Draisma June Huh Bernd Sturmfels Filippo Viviani |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Combinatorics and Algebraic Geometry have enjoyed a fruitful interplay since the nineteenth century. Classical interactions include invariant theory, theta functions, and enumerative geometry. The aim of this volume is tointroduce recent developments in combinatorial algebraic geometry and to approach algebraic geometry with a view towards applications, such as tensor calculus and algebraic statistics. A common theme is the study of algebraic varietiesendowed with a rich combinatorial structure. Rele vant techniques include polyhedral geometry, free resolutions, multilinear algebra, projective duality and compactifications |
Contents: | Koszul algebras, Koszul homology and syzygies |
Infinite | |
dimensional systems of polynomial equations with symmetry | |
Maximum Likelihood Geometry | |
Linear Toric fibrations and Cayley polytopes | |
Toroidal compactifications and tropicalizations of moduli spaces | |
ISBN: | 9783319048703 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 0075-8434 : v2108 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Geometry, algebraic , Algebra , Combinatorics |
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Title: | Semigroup Methods for Evolution Equations on Networks [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Delio Mugnolo |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This concise text is based on a series of lectures held only a few years ago and originally intended as an introduction to known results on linear hyperbolic and parabolic equations. Yet the topic of differential equations ongraphs, ramified spaces, and more general network-like objects has recently gained significant momentum and, well beyond the confines of mathematics, there is a lively interdisciplinary discourse on all aspects of so-called complexnetworks. Such network-like structures can be fou nd in virtually all branches of science, engineering and the humanities, and future research thus calls for solid theoretical foundations. This book is specifically devoted tothe study of evolution equations i.e., of time-dependent differential equation s such as the heat equation, the wave equation, or the Schrdinger equation (quantum graphs) bearing in mind that the majority of the literature inthe last ten years on the subject of differential equations of graphs has been devoted to elliptic equations and related spectral problems. Moreover, for tackling the most general settings - e.g. encoded in the transmission conditionsin the network nodes - one classical and elegant tool is that of operator semigroups. This book is simultaneously a very concise introduction to this theory and a handbook on its applications to differential equations on networks. Witha more interdisciplinary readership in mind, full proofs of mathematical statements have been frequently omitted in favor of keeping the text as conc ise, fluid and self-contained as possible. In addition, a brief chapter devoted to thefield of neurodynamics of the brain cortex provides a concrete link to ongoing applied research |
Contents: | Introduction |
Operators on Networks | |
Function Spaces on Networks | |
Operator Semigroups | |
And Now Something Completely Different: A Crash Course in Cortical Modeling | |
Sequilinear Froms and Analytic Semigroups | |
Evolution Equations Associated With Self | |
adjoint Operators | |
Symmetry Properties | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9783319046211 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Engineering |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319044989:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Abstract Algebra [electronic resource] : Structure and Application |
Author(s): |
David R Finston Patrick J Morandi |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This text seeks to generate interest in abstract algebra by introducing each new structure and topic via a real-world application. The down-to-earth presentation is accessible to a readership with no prior knowledge of abstractalgebra. Students are l ed to algebraic concepts and questions in a natural way through their everyday experiences. Applications include: Identification numbers and modular arithmetic (linear) error-correcting codes, including cycliccodes ruler and compass constructions cryptogr aphy symmetry of patterns in the real plane Abstract Algebra: Structure and Application is suitable as a text for a first course on abstract algebra whose main purpose is to generateinterest in the subject, or as a supplementary text for more advanced cou rses. The material paves the way to subsequent courses that further develop the theory of abstract algebra and will appeal to students of mathematics, mathematicseducation, computer science, and engineering interested in applications of algebraic concepts |
Contents: | Identification Numbers and Modular Arithmetic |
Error Correcting Codes | |
Rings and Fields | |
Linear Algebra and Linear Codes | |
Quotient Rings and Field Extensions | |
Ruler and Compass Constructions | |
Cyclic Codes | |
Groups and Cryptography | |
The Structure of Groups | |
Symmetry | |
ISBN: | 9783319044989 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics and Technology, 1867-5506 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Algebra , Matrix theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319037745:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Breaking of Supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in Extended Supergravity [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati School 2013 |
Author(s): |
Stefano Bellucci |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This is the seventh volume in a series on the general topics of supersymmetry, supergravity, black objects (including black holes), and the attractor mechanism. The present volume is based on lectures held in March 2013 at theINFN-Laboratori Nazional i di Frascati during the Breaking of supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in extended Supergravity Workshop (BUDS 2013), organized by Stefano Bellucci, with the participation of prestigious speakersincluding P. Aschieri, E. Bergshoeff, M. Cederwall, T. Dennen, P. Di Vecchia, S. Ferrara, R. Kallosh, A. Karlsson, M. Koehn, B. Ovrut, A. Van Proeyen, G. Ruppeiner. Special attention is devoted to discussing topics related to thecancellation of ultraviolet divergences in extended supergravity and Born-Infe ld-like actions. All talks were followed by extensive discussions and subsequent reworking of the various contributions, a feature which is reflected in theunique flavor of this volume |
Contents: | Superconformal Symmetry and Higher |
Derivative Lagrangians | |
Constitutive relations, o_ shell duality rotations and the hypergeometric form of Born | |
Infeld theory | |
Vector Branes | |
Pure spinor superfields an overview | |
Loop amplitude diagrams in manifest, maximal supergravity | |
Perturbative Ultraviolet Calculations in Supergravity | |
Scalars with higher derivatives in supergravity and cosmology | |
The leading eikonal operator in string | |
brane scattering at high energy | |
Ghost Condensation in N = 1 Supergravity | |
Thermodynamic curvature and black holes | |
ISBN: | 9783319037745 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v153 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319024295:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Controllability, Identification, and Randomness in Distributed Systems [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Marzieh Nabi-Abdolyousefi |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This interdisciplinary thesis involves the design and analysis of coordination algorithms on networks, identification of dynamic networks, and estimation on networks with random geometries with implications for networks thatsupport the operation of d ynamic systems, e.g., formations of robotic vehicles, distributed estimation via sensor networks. The results have ramifications for fault detection and isolation of large-scale networked systems andoptimization models and algorithms for next generation a ircraft power systems. The author finds novel applications of the methodology in energy systems, such as residential and industrial smart energy management systems |
Contents: | Background |
Part I: Can One Hear the Shape of Coordination? | |
Network Identification via Node Knock | |
out | |
A Sieve Method for Consensus | |
Type Network Tomography | |
Network Identification via Graph Realization | |
Part II: Controllability over Networks | |
Controllability and Observability of Circulant Networks | |
Controllability Gramian, Symmetry Structures and Application of Circulant Networks | |
Controllability and Observability of Path Networks | |
Part III: System Properties of Stochastic Networks | |
System Properties of Stochastic Networks: Controllability and Optimality | |
Coordinated Dec | |
ISBN: | 9783319024295 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Astronautics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319020990:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Introduction to Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Peter J Olver |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This textbook is designed for a one year course covering the fundamentals of partial differential equations, geared towards advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, science, engineering, andelsewhere. The exposition car efully balances solution techniques, mathematical rigor, and significant applications, all illustrated by numerous examples. Extensive exercise sets appear at the end of almost every subsection, andinclude straightforward computational problems to develop and reinforce new techniques and results, details on theoretical developments and proofs, challenging projects both computational and conceptual, and supplementary material thatmotivates the student to delve further into the subject. No previous experien ce with the subject of partial differential equations or Fourier theory is assumed, the main prerequisites being undergraduate calculus, both one- andmulti-variable, ordinary differential equations, and basic linear algebra. While the classical topics of separation of variables, Fourier analysis, boundary value problems, Green's functions, and special functions continue to formthe core of an introductory course, the inclusion of nonlinear equations, shock wave dynamics, symmetry and similarity, the Maximu m Principle, financial models, dispersion and solitons, Huygens' Principle, quantum mechanical systems,and more make this text well attuned to recent developments and trends in this active field of contemporary research. Numerical approximation schemes ar e an important component of any introductory course, and the text covers the twomost basic approaches: finite differences and finite elements. Peter J. Olver is professor of mathematics at the University of Minnesota. His wide-ranging research interests a re centered on the development of symmetry-based methodsfor differential equations and their manifold applications. He is the author of over 130 papers published in major scientific research |
Contents: | What are Partial Differential Equations? |
Linear and Nonlinear Waves | |
Fourier Series | |
Separation of Variables | |
Finite Differences | |
Generalized Functions and Greens Functions | |
Complex Analysis and Conformal Mapping | |
Fourier Transforms | |
Linear and Nonlinear Evolution Equations | |
A General Framework forLinear Partial Differential Equations | |
FiniteElements and Weak Solutions | |
Dynamics of Planar Media | |
Partial Differential Equations in Space . | |
ISBN: | 9783319020990 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, 0172-6056 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Fourier analysis , Differential equations, partial |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319009636:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | The BL Phase Transition [electronic resource] : Implications for Cosmology and Neutrinos |
Author(s): |
Kai Schmitz |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Several of the very foundations of the cosmological standard model the baryon asymmetry of the universe, dark matter, and the origin of the hot big bang itself still call for an explanation from the perspective offundamental physics. This workadvoc ates one intriguing possibility for a consistent cosmology that fills in the theoretical gaps while being fully in accordance with the observational data. At very high energies, the universe mighthave been in a false vacuum state that preserved B-L, the d ifference between the baryon number B and the lepton number L as a local symmetry. In this state, the universe experienced a stage of hybrid inflation that only ended when thefalse vacuum became unstable and decayed, in the course of a waterfall transitio n, into a phase with spontaneously broken B-L symmetry. This B-L Phase Transition was accompanied by tachyonic preheating that transferred almost theentire energy of the false vacuum into a gas of B-L Higgs bosons, which in turn decayed into heavy Majoran a neutrinos. Eventually, these neutrinos decayed into massless radiation, thereby producing the entropy of the hot big bang,generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe via the leptogenesis mechanism and setting the stage for the production of dark mat ter. Next to a variety of conceptual novelties and phenomenological predictions, the main achievement ofthe thesis is hence the fascinating notion that the leading role in the first act of our universe might have actually been played by neutrinos |
Contents: | Early Universe Cosmology |
Framework for a Consistent Cosmology | |
Neutrino Phenomenology | |
Supersymmetric Abelian Higgs Model | |
Nonperturbative Dynamics | |
The Reheating Process | |
WIMP Dark Matter from Heavy Gravitino Decays | |
ISBN: | 9783319009636 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9783319007359:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems [electronic resource] : Experiments on Membranes and Active Emulsions |
Author(s): |
Shashi Thutupalli |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book focuses on the assembly, organization and resultant collective dynamics of soft matter systems maintained away from equilibrium byan energy flux. Living matter is the ultimate example of such systems, which arecomprised of different constit uents on very different scales (ions, nucleic acids, proteins, cells). The result of their diverse interactions, maintained using the energy from physiological processes, is a fantastically well-organizedand dynamic whole. This work describes results from minimal, biomimetic systems and primarily investigates membranes and active emulsions, as well as key aspects of both soft matter and non-equilibrium phenomena. It isshown thatthese minimal reconstitutions are already capable of a range of complex behavi our such as nonlinear electric responses, chemical communication and locomotion. These studies will bring us closer to a fundamental understanding of complexsystems by reconstituting key aspects of their form and function in simple model systems. Further, they may also serve as the first technological steps towards artificial soft functional matter |
Contents: | Membranes |
Microfluidic membrane networks | |
Electrostatic interactions in membrane fusion | |
Phase contrast X | |
ray imaging of lipid membranes | |
Oscillating droplets: Chemical micro | |
oscillators | |
Swimming droplets: Artificial squirmers | |
Interacting droplets: Collective dynamics | |
Conclusions and Outlook | |
Appendices | |
Materials and Methods | |
Hydrodynamic flow fields with axial symmetry | |
ISBN: | 9783319007359 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781493907816:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Rigidity and Symmetry [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Robert Connelly Asia Ivi Weiss Walter Whiteley |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book contains recent contributions to the fields of rigidity and symmetry with two primary focuses: to present the mathematically rigorous treatment of rigidity of structures, and to explore the interaction of geometry,algebra, and combinatorics . Overall, the book shows how researchers from diverse backgrounds explore connections among the various discrete structures with symmetry as the unifying theme. Contributions present recent trends andadvances in discrete geometry, particularly in the the ory of polytopes. The rapid development of abstract polytope theory has resulted in a rich theory featuring an attractive interplay of methods and tools from discrete geometry,group theory, classical geometry, hyperbolic geometry and topology. The volume will also be a valuable source as an introduction to the ideas of both combinatorial and geometric rigidity theory and its applications, incorporating thesurprising impact of symmetry. It will appeal to students at both the advanced undergraduate and grad uate levels, as well as postdocs, structural engineers, and chemists |
Contents: | Volumes of Polytopes in Spaces of Constant Curvature (N. Abrosimov, A. Mednykh) |
Cubic Cayley Graphs and Snarks (H. Ademir, K. Kutnar, D. Marui) | |
Local, Dimensional and Universal Rigidities: A unified Gram Matrix Approach (A. Alfakih) | |
Geometric Constructions for Symmetric 6 | |
Configurations (L.W. Berman) | |
On External Symmetry Groups of Regular Maps (M.D.E. Conder, Y.S. Kwon, J. ir) | |
Variance Groups and the Structure of Mixed Polytopes (G. Cunningham) | |
Mobility in Symmetry | |
Regular Bar | |
and | |
Joint Frameworks (P.W. Fowler, S.D. Guest, B. Schulze) | |
Generic Global Rigidity in C | |
ISBN: | 9781493907816 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Fields Institute Communications, 1069-5265 : v70 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Combinatorics , Discrete groups , Topology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9781461486510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Length-Scale Dependent Phonon Interactions [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Subhash L Shind Gyaneshwar P Srivastava |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | This book presents a comprehensive description of phonons and their interactions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Internationally-recognized leaders describe theories and measurements of phononinteractions in relation to the de sign of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanical systems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage,and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. T he emergence of techniques for control of semiconductor properties and geometry has enabled engineers to design structures in which functionality is derived from controllingelectron behavior. As manufacturing techniques have greatly expanded the list of a vailable materials and the range of attainable length scales, similar opportunities now exist for designing devices whose functionality is derived fromcontrolling phonon behavior. However, progress in this area is hampered by gaps in our knowledge of phon on transport across and along arbitrary interfaces, the scattering of phonons with crystal defects, interface roughness andmass-mixing, delocalized electrons/collective electronic excitations, and solid acoustic vibrations when these occur in structures w ith small physical dimensions. This book provides a comprehensive description of phonons and theirinteractions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Theories and measurements of phonon interactions are described in relation to the design of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanicalsystems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage, and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. First book to cover phonon dispersion relations and phononinteractions at different length scales Discusses both theory and measurements of phonon transport and its relevance to materials properties Desc |
Contents: | Preface |
Chapter 1: Theoretical Studies of Dimensionality and Symmetry Dependence of Phonons | |
Chapter 2: Phonons in bulk and low | |
dimensional systems | |
Chapter 3: Theories of Phonon Transport in Bulk and Nanostructed Solids | |
Chapter 4: First | |
principles determination of phonon lifetimes, mean free paths, and thermal conductivities in crystalline materials: pure silicon and germanium | |
Chapter 5: Ab Initio Thermal Transport | |
Chapter 6: Interaction of thermal phonons with interfaces | |
Chapter 7: Time | |
resolved phonon spectroscopy and phonon transport in nanoscale systems | |
Chapter 8: Se | |
ISBN: | 9781461486510 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v128 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Nanotechnology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2014-9780817648114:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Contingency Table Analysis [electronic resource] : Methods and Implementation Using R |
Author(s): |
Maria Kateri |
Date: | 2014 |
Publisher: | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Birkhuser |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Combining theory and applications, this book presents models and methods for the analysis of two and multidimensional contingency tables. The author uses a threefold approach: fundamental models and related inferences arepresented, their interpretati onal aspects are highlighted, and their practical usefulness is demonstrated. Throughout, practical guidance for using R is provided along with a comprehensive R-functions web-appendix. Contingencytables arise in diverse fields, including the life, pedag ogic, social and political sciences. They also play a prominent role in market research and opinion surveys. The analysis of contingency tables can provide insight into essentialstructures, relevant quantities and their interactions, and thus leads to imp roved decision-making. Special features include: A motivating example for each topic Applications andimplementations in R for all models discussed Emphasis on association and symmetry models Extensive bibliography Up-to-date supplementary material available on the authorswebsite An excellent reference for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in statistics as well as in the biosciences and social sciences, Contingency Table Analysis may also be used as a supplementary textbook forcours es on categorical data analysis with emphasis on special models for ordinal data. Prerequisites include basic background knowledge of statistical inference |
Contents: | Preface |
Introduction | |
Analysis of Two | |
Way Tables | |
Analysis of Multi | |
Way Tables | |
Log | |
Linear Models | |
Generalized Linear Models and Extensions | |
Association Models | |
More on Association Models and Related Methods | |
Response Variable Analysis in Contingency Tables | |
Analysis of Square Tables | |
Further Topics | |
ISBN: | 9780817648114 |
Series: | eBooks |
Series: | SpringerLink |
Series: | Statistics for Industry and Technology |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Statistics , Mathematics , Mathematical statistics |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9784431542940:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Non-Universal Superconducting Gap Structure in Iron-Pnictides Revealed by Magnetic Penetration Depth Measurements [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kenichiro Hashimoto |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | In this book the author presents two important findings revealed by high-precision magnetic penetration depth measurements in iron-based superconductors which exhibit high-transition temperature superconductivity up to 55 K: oneis the fact that the s uperconducting gap structure in iron-based superconductors depends on a detailed electronic structure of individual materials, and the other is the first strong evidence for the presence of a quantum criticalpoint (QCP) beneath the superconducting dome of iron-based superconductors. The magnetic penetration depth is a powerful probe to elucidate the superconducting gap structure which is intimately related to the pairing mechanism ofsuperconductivity. The author discusses the possible gap structure of ind ividual iron-based superconductors by comparing the gap structure obtained from the penetration depth measurements with theoretical predictions, indicating thatthe non-universal superconducting gap structure in iron-pnictides can be interpreted in the fra mework of A1g symmetry. This result imposes a strong constraint on the pairing mechanism of iron-based superconductors. The author alsoshows clear evidence for the quantum criticality inside the superconducting dome from the absolute zero-temperature pene tration depth measurements as a function of chemical composition. A sharp peak of the penetration depth at acertain composition demonstrates pronounced quantum fluctuations associated with the QCP, which separates two distinct superconducting phases. This gives the first convincing signature of a second-order quantum phase transition deepinside the superconducting dome, which may address a key question on the general phase diagram of unconventional superconductivity in the vicinity of a QCP |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
Superconducting Gap Structure and Magnetic Penetration Depth | |
Iron | |
based Superconductors | |
Experimental Method | |
Superconducting Gap Structure and Quantum Critical Point in BaFe2(As1 | |
xPx)2 | |
Superconducting Gap Nodes in the Zone | |
centered Hole Bands of KFe2As2 | |
Nodeless vs. Nodal Order Parameter in LiFeAs and LiFeP | |
Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9784431542940 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory , Magnetism |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9784431542704:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics [electronic resource] : IX International Workshop |
Author(s): |
Vladimir Dobrev |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Traditionally, Lie Theory is a tool to build mathematical models for physical systems. Recently, the trend is towards geometrisation of the mathematical description of physical systems and objects. A geometric approach to asystem yields in general so me notion of symmetry which is very helpful in understanding its structure. Geometrisation and symmetries are meant in their broadest sense, i.e., classical geometry, differential geometry, groups and quantumgroups, infinite-dimensional (super-)algebras, and their representations. Furthermore, we include the necessary tools from functional analysis and number theory. This is a large interdisciplinary and interrelated field. Samples ofthese new trends are presented in this volume, based on contributions fr om the Workshop Lie Theory and Its Applications in Physics held near Varna, Bulgaria, in June 2011. This book is suitable for an extensive audience ofmathematicians, mathematical physicists, theoretical physicists, and researchers in the field of Lie Theo ry |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
ISBN: | 9784431542704 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2194-1009 : v36 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Algebra , Topological Groups , Geometry |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9784431542346:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Interacting Boson Model from Energy Density Functionals [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Kosuke Nomura |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This thesis describes a novel and robust way of deriving a Hamiltonian of the interacting boson model based on microscopic nuclear energy density functional theory. Based on the fact that the multi-nucleon induced surfacedeformation of finite nucleus can be simulated by effective boson degrees of freedom, intrinsic properties of the nucleon system, obtained from self-consistent mean-field method with a microscopic energy density functional, are mappedonto the boson analog. Thereby, the excitation spe ctra and the transition rates for the relevant collective states having good symmetry quantum numbers are calculated by the subsequent diagonalization of the mapped boson Hamiltonian.Because the density functional approach gives an accurate global descrip tion of nuclear bulk properties, the interacting boson model is derived for various situations of nuclear shape phenomena, including those of the exotic nucleiinvestigated at rare-isotope beam facilities around the world. This work provides, for the first time, crucial pieces of information about how the interacting boson model is justified and derived from nucleon degrees of freedom in acomprehensive manner |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Basic Notions |
Rotating Deformed Systems with Axial Symmetry | |
Weakly Deformed Systems with Triaxial Dynamics | |
Comparison with Geometrical Model | |
Is axially Asymmetric NucleusGamma Rigid or Unstable? | |
Ground | |
state Correlation | |
Summary and Concluding Remarks | |
ISBN: | 9784431542346 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Magnetism |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642368745:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Algebraic Approaches to Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Xiaoping Xu |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This book presents the various algebraic techniques for solving partial differential equations to yield exact solutions, techniques developed by the author in recent years and with emphasis on physical equations such as: theMaxwell equations, the Dir ac equations, the KdV equation, the KP equation, the nonlinear Schrodinger equation, the Davey and Stewartson equations, the Boussinesq equations in geophysics, the Navier-Stokes equations and theboundary layer problems. In order to solve them, I have emp loyed the grading technique, matrix differential operators, stable-range of nonlinear terms, moving frames, asymmetric assumptions, symmetry transformations,linearization techniques and special functions. The book is self-contained and requires only a min imal understanding of calculus and linear algebra, making it accessible to a broad audience in the fields of mathematics, thesciences and engineering. Readers may find the exact solutions and mathematical skills needed in their own research |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Preface |
Introduction | |
Ordinary Differential Equations | |
Partial Differential Equations | |
Bibliography | |
Index | |
ISBN: | 9783642368745 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Differential equations, partial |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642345630:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Quantum Physics [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Florian Scheck |
Date: | 2013 |
Edition: | 2nd ed. 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Schecks Quantum Physics presents a comprehensive introductory treatment, ideally suited for a two-semester course. Part One covers the basic principles and prime applications of quantum mechanics, from the uncertaintyrelations to many-body systems. P art Two introduces to relativistic quantum field theory and ranges from symmetries in quantum physics to electroweak interactions. Numerous worked-out examples as well as exercises, with solutions orhints, enables the books use as an accompanying text for courses, and also for independent study. For both parts, the necessary mathematical framework is treated in adequate form and detail. The book ends with appendices coveringmathematical fundamentals and enrichment topics, plus selected biographical notes on pioneers of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The new edition was thoroughly revised and now includes new sections on quantization using thepath integral method and on deriving generalized path integrals for bosonic and fermionic fields |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | From the Uncertainty Relation to Many |
Body Systems | |
Quantum Mechanics of Point Particles | |
Scattering of Particles by Potentials | |
The Principles of Quantum Theory | |
Space | |
Time Symmetries in Quantum Physics | |
Applications of Quantum Mechanics | |
From Symmetries in Quantum Physics to Electroweak Interactions | |
Symmetries and Symmetry Groups in Quantum Physics | |
Quantized Fields and their Interpretation | |
Scattering Matrix and Observables in Scattering and Decays | |
Particles with Spin 1/2 and the Dirac Equation | |
Elements of Quantum Electrodynamics and Weak Interactions | |
ISBN: | 9783642345630 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642333415:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Dynamical Stabilization of the Fermi Scale [electronic resource] : Towards a Composite Universe |
Author(s): |
Francesco Sannino |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This lecture-based, concise primer introduces and summarize basic features associated with dynamical breaking of the electroweak symmetry in elementary particle physics. In particular, the phase diagram of strongly-coupledtheories as function of the number of colors, flavors and matter representation, playing a fundamental role when trying to construct viable extensions of the standard model, are examined for SU(N) gauge theories with fermionic mattertransforming according to arbitrary representation s of the underlying gauge group. We will further discuss how the phase diagram can be used to construct unparticle models and then review Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) and otherextensions, such as partially gauged and split technicolor. Eventually, th e unification of the standard model gauge couplings will be revisited within technicolor extensions of the standard model. A number of appendices will helpstudent and newcomers to the field reviewing some basic methods and provide them with useful details |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Technicolor Prelude |
Conformal Dynamics Interlude | |
Minimal Technicolor Models: Toccata and Fugue | |
Composite Dark Matters: Coda | |
Appendix | |
ISBN: | 9783642333415 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | SpringerBriefs in Physics, 2191-5423 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Quantum theory |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642317569:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Photoinduced Modifications of the Nonlinear Optical Response in Liquid Crystalline Azopolymers [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Raquel Alicante |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Nonlinear optical (NLO) phenomena such as frequency conversion have played a key role in the development of photonic technologies. This thesis reports a detailed study of the molecular response of a large variety of push-pullorganic compounds using t he Second Harmonic Generation technique, which will serve as a starting point for the investigation at the macroscopic scale of azobenzene-based liquid crystalline polymeric films and their blends with highlyefficient NLO chromophores. These materials are designed with the aim of exploiting their photo-addressability in order to tailor their nonlinear behaviour. The magnitude and symmetry of theirnonlinear response was successfullycontrolled via light irradiation and thermal treatments. Moreover, as a spe cific application, the recording of efficient NLO gratings was achieved and is described here |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction and Basic Theory |
Experimental Methods | |
Nonlinear OpticalMolecular Response | |
Piperazine Azopolymer Thin Films | |
Films of Doped Low Polar Azopolymers | |
Nonlinear OpticalGratings | |
General Conclusions | |
Appendices | |
ISBN: | 9783642317569 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics) |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642307096:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Variational, Topological, and Partial Order Methods with Their Applications [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Zhitao Zhang |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Nonlinear functional analysis is an important branch of contemporary mathematics. It's related to topology, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, groups, dynamical systems, differential geometry,measure theory, and more. In this book, the author presents some new and interesting results on fundamental methods in nonlinear functional analysis, namely variational, topological and partial order methods, which have been usedextensively to solve existence of solutions for ellipt ic equations, wave equations, Schrdinger equations, Hamiltonian systems etc., and are also used to study the existence of multiple solutions and properties of solutions. This bookis useful for researchers and graduate students in the field of nonlinear fu nctional analysis. Chapter 1 contains preliminaries. In Chapter 2, three kinds of operators are introduced: increasing operators, decreasing operators, andmixed monotone operators. In Chapter 3, the minimax methods are presented and in Chapter 4, the auth or uses bifurcation and critical point theory to study structures of the solutions of elliptic equations. Chapter 5 is concerned with aclass of MongeAmpre equations. In Chapter 6, the superlinear system of Hammerstein integral equations and applications i s studied. Chapter 7 is devoted to the DancerFucik spectrum. In Chapter 8, some results on sign-changingsolutions are introduced. In Chapter 9, a local minimizer problem of a functional in differential topology is studied. Chapter 10 focuses on a class of nonlocal Kirchhoff elliptic problems via different methods. In Chapter 11, thefocus is on free boundary problems, Schrdinger systems from BoseEinstein condensate and competing systems with many species |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | 1 Preliminaries |
Sobolev spaces and embedding theorems | |
Critical point | |
Cone and partial order | |
Brouwer Degree | |
Compact map and Leray | |
Schauder Degree | |
Fredholm operators | |
Fixed point index | |
Banach's Contract Theorem, Implicit Functions Theorem | |
Krein | |
Rutman theorem | |
Bifurcation theory | |
Rearrangements of sets and functions | |
Genus and Category | |
Maximum principles and symmetry of solution | |
Comparison theorems | |
2 Cone and Partial Order Methods | |
Increasing operators | |
Decreasing operators | |
Mixed monotone operators | |
Applications of mixed monotone operators | |
Fur | |
ISBN: | 9783642307096 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Developments in Mathematics, 1389-2177 : v29 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Functional analysis |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783642275944:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | UV-VIS and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Challa Kumar |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | Second volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy for thecharacterization of n anomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry in the related fields |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Geometrically Tunable Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles by Hao Jing, Li Zhang, and Hui Wang |
Optical Properties of Metallic Semishells breaking the symmetry of plasmonic nanoshells by Jian Ye and Pol Van Dorpea | |
Exploiting the tunable optical response of metallic nanoshells by Ovidio Pea | |
Rodrgue and Umapada Pal | |
UV | |
Vis spectroscopy for characterization of metal nanoparticles formed from reduction of metal ions during ultrasonic irradiation by Kenji Okitsu | |
Size | |
dependent optical properties of metallic nanostructures by Luca B. Scaffardia, Daniel C. Schincaa, Marcelo L | |
ISBN: | 9783642275944 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Spectroscopy , Nanotechnology |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783319007472:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Functionals of Multidimensional Diffusions with Applications to Finance [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Jan Baldeaux Eckhard Platen |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This research monograph provides an introduction to tractable multidimensional diffusion models, where transition densities, Laplace transforms, Fourier transforms, fundamental solutions or functionals can be obtained in explicitform.The book also pr ovides an introduction to the use of Lie symmetry group methods for diffusions, which allows to compute a wide range of functionals. Besides the well-known methodology on affine diffusions it presents a novelapproach to affine processes with applications in finance.Numerical methods, including Monte Carlo and quadrature methods, are discussed together with supporting material on stochastic processes. Applications in finance, forinstance, on credit risk and credit valuation adjustment are included in the b ook.The functionals of multidimensional diffusions analyzed in this book are significant for many areas of application beyond finance. The book is aimed ata wide readership, and develops an intuitive and rigorous understanding of the mathematics underlyin g the derivation of explicit formulas for functionals of multidimensional diffusions |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | 1 A Benchmark Approach to Risk Management |
2 Functionals of Wiener Processes | |
3 Functionals of Squared Bessel Processes | |
4 Lie Symmetry Group Methods | |
5 Transition Densities via Lie Symmetry Methods | |
6 Exact and Almost Exact Simulation | |
7 Affine Diffusion Processes on the Euclidean Space | |
8 Pricing Using Affine Diffusions | |
9 Solvable Affine Processes on the Euclidean State Space | |
10 An Introduction to Matrix Variate Stochastics | |
11 Wishart Processes | |
12 Monte Carlo and Quasi | |
Monte Carlo Methods | |
13 Computational Tools | |
14 Credit Risk under the Benchmark Approach | |
A | |
ISBN: | 9783319007472 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Bocconi & Springer Series, Mathematics, Statistics, Finance and Economics, 2039-1471 : v5 |
Series: | Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649) |
Keywords: | Mathematics , Finance |
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Call number: | SPRINGER-2013-9783319004228:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf |
Title: | Kinetic Simulations of Ion Transport in Fusion Devices [electronic resource] |
Author(s): |
Andrs Bustos Molina |
Date: | 2013 |
Publisher: | Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer |
Size: | 1 online resource |
Note: | Springer e-book platform |
Note: | Springer 2013 e-book collections |
Note: | This thesis deals with the problem of ion confinement in thermonuclear fusion devices. It is a topic of general interest, as it helps to understand via numerical simulations the ion confinement properties in complex geometries,in order to predict the ir behavior and maximize the performance of future fusion reactors. The main work carried out in this thesis is the improvement and exploitation of an existing simulation code called ISDEP. This code solves theso-called ion collisional transport in arbitr ary plasma geometry, improving in this sense other existing codes. Additionally, it presents outstanding portability and scalability in distributed computing architectures, such as Grid orVolunteer Computing. The main physical results can be divided into two blocks. First, the study of 3D ion transport in ITER is presented. ITER is the largest fusion reactor (under construction) and most of the simulations so far assumethe axis-symmetry of the device. Unfortunately, this symmetry is only an approximation because of the discrete number of magnetic coils used. ISDEP has shown, using a simple model of the 3D magnetic field, how the ion confinement isaffected by this symmetry breaking. Secondly, ISDEP has been applied successfully to the study of fast ion dyn amics in fusion plasmas. The fast ions, with energies much larger than the thermal energy, are a product of the devicesheating system. Thus, a numerical predictive tool can be used to improve the heating efficiency. ISDEP has been combined with the FAFNER 2 code to study such ions in stellarator (TJ-II, LHD) and tokamak (ITER) geometries. It has alsobeen validated by experimental results. In particular, comparisons with the CNPA diagnostic in the TJ-II stellarator are remarkable |
Note: | Springer eBooks |
Contents: | Introduction |
ISDEP | |
3D Transport in ITER | |
Simulations of Fast Ions in Stellarators | |
Simulations of NBI Ion Transport in ITER | |
Overview and Conclusions | |
ISBN: | 9783319004228 |
Series: | e-books |
Series: | SpringerLink (Online service) |
Series: | Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053 |
Series: | Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651) |
Keywords: | Nuclear fusion |
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