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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD TRANSPORT THEORY *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/19871.96 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword transport theory ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9783319459011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:First Complex Systems Digital Campus World E-Conference 2015
Author(s):
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (VIII, 424 p. 120 illus., 96 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Welcome to CS-DC’15 -- Reconstructing multi-scale dynamics -- Machine learning methods -- A formal model to compute uncertain continuous data -- Knowledge maps -- Analysis of a Planetary Scale Scientific Collaboration Dataset Reveals
Novel Patterns -- Epistemology of integrative and predictive sciences -- Information science and the complexity: are we orientated to a transdisciplinary science? -- Synthesis of ecology, biology and ethnographic data -- Bayesian
Causalities, Mappings, and Phylogenies: A Social Science Gateway for Modeling Complexity in Ethnographic, Archaeo-, Eco- and Bio-logical Variables -- Multi-level modeling -- Statistical and dynamical properties of networks -- Community
detection as an efficient way to attack real networks -- From particles to complex matter -- Chemical garden -- Assembly of molecular metal oxides from the nano to the macroscale via chemical gardens -- Physics of complex systems --
Viscosity scaling in hydrodynamic instabilities in porous media -- A general approach to the linear stability analysis of miscible viscous fingering in porous media -- From individual to social cognition -- From individual to social
cognition: Piaget, Jung and commons -- Ecological approach of sport and sport education -- Ecological Dynamics: a theoretical framework for understanding sport performance, physical education and physical -- Emerging dance movements
under ecological constraints in Contact Improvisation dancers with different background -- Emerging collective shared behaviors from individual exploration in football small-sided games -- Adaptability in swimming pattern: how do
swimmers adapt propulsive action as a function of speed? -- Backstroke start performance prediction -- Flexible perception-action strategies for follow-the-leader coordination -- Dynamic process of pulmonary data analysis: from the
athlete mouth to the coach’s hands -- From processing units to computational ecosystems to the cloud -- A multi-agent system approach to load-balancing and resource allocation for distributed computing -- Integrative science of
education -- POEM-COPA Collaborative Open Peer Assessment -- Implications of agent-based computational modeling and simulation for preventive education in children with ADHD -- MOOC as a complex system -- From fields to territories to
the planet -- Integrative logistics -- Logistics and Territory integrative approach -- Process modeling of an international transport chain through the simulation tool SIMPROCESS -- Dynamic emissions reduction from vehicles with
technical and behavioral approach -- 4p-factories (e-lab) -- Is the Lean Organisation a complex system? -- An artificial immune ecosystem model for hybrid cloud supervision -- Engineering of territory sustainability -- Spatialisation
of Soil Erosion Susceptibility Using USLE Model -- Social patterns in multicultural environments Matrimonial patterns and trans-ethnic entities -- Economics as a complex evolutionist system -- A study of heterogeneity in a stock market
simulator based on a model of agents that learn from experience in a market with multiple stocks -- Are innovation systems complex systems? -- From molecules to ecosphere -- Ocean biogeochemical dynamics -- Frontal systems as
mechanisms of fish aggregation -- Lagrangian approach to phytoplankton mesoscale biogeography in the Kerguelen region -- Lyapunov exponents and oceanic fronts.
ISBN:9783319459011
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Data mining , System theory , Computational intelligence , Complexity, Computational , Physics , Complex Systems , Complex Systems , Complexity , Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery , Computational Intelligence , Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics
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Call number:9783319441412:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport Fundamentals and Advanced Topics
Author(s): Oleg N Vassiliev
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVII, 281 p. 38 illus., 32 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Sampling techniques -- The Boltzmann equation -- Particle trajectories, tallies, variance reduction -- Transport of charged particles -- Microdosimetry. Elements of stochastic transport theory -- Grid based Boltzmann
equation solvers -- Appendices
ISBN:9783319441412
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Radiology , Mathematical physics , Particle acceleration , Medical physics , Radiation , Physics , Medical and Radiation Physics , Diagnostic Radiology , Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics , Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences
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Call number:9783319437217:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Low-Temperature Plasma Physics
Author(s): Shi Nguyen-Kuok
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XV, 495 p. 253 illus p.)
Contents:Foreword -- 1 Basic mathematical models of Low-temperature plasma -- 2 Classical calculation of particle interaction cross sections -- 3 The quantum-mechanical description of the particles scattering theory -- 4 Determination of the
composition, thermodynamic properties and plasma transport coefficients on the basis of the model of particles mean free path -- 5 The solution of the kinetic Boltzmann equation and calculation of the transport coefficients of the
plasma -- 6 Numerical methods of plasma physics -- 7 Simulation and calculation of paramete of RF-plasma torches -- 8 Simulation and calculation of parameters in Arc plasma torches -- 9 The calculation of the near-electrode processes
in Arc plasma torches -- 10 Calculation of the heat transfer and movement of the solid particles in the plasma torches -- 11 Features of the experimental methods and automated diagnostic systems of RF and Arc plasma torches -- Appendix
ISBN:9783319437217
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Physics , Plasma Physics , Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences
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Call number:9783319428130:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Positive Operator Semigroups From Finite to Infinite Dimensions
Author(s): András Bátkai
Date:2017
Size:1 online resource (XVIII, 364 p p.)
Contents:1 An Invitation to Positive Matrices -- 2 Functional Calculus -- 3 Powers of Matrices -- 4 Matrix Exponential Function -- 5 Positive Matrices -- 6 Applications of Positive Matrices -- 7 Positive Matrix Semigroups and Applications -- 8
Positive Linear Systems -- 9 Banach Lattices -- 10 Positive Operators -- 11 Operator Semigroups -- 12 Generation Properties -- 13 Spectral Theory for Positive Semigroups I -- 14 Spectral Theory for Positive Semigroups II -- 15 An
application to linear transport equations -- Appendices -- Index
ISBN:9783319428130
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Mathematics , Matrix theory , Algebra , Operator theory , Mathematics , Operator Theory , Linear and Multilinear Algebras, Matrix Theory
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Call number:9783319398334:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Control of Magnetotransport in Quantum Billiards Theory, Computation and Applications
Author(s): Christian V Morfonios
Date:2017
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing
Size:1 online resource (X, 252 p. 49 illus., 48 illus. in color p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Electrons in mesoscopic low-dimensional systems -- Coherent electronic transport: Landauer-Büttiker formalism -- Stationary scattering in planar confining geometries -- Computational quantum transport in multiterminal
and multiply connected structures -- Magnetoconductance switching by phase modulation in arrays of oval quantum billiards -- Current control in soft-wall electron billiards: energy-persistent scattering in the deep quantum regime --
Directional transport in multiterminal focusing quantum billiards -- Summary, conclusions, and perspectives
ISBN:9783319398334
Series:eBooks
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer 2017 package
Keywords: Physics , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Semiconductors , Nanotechnology , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Physics , Semiconductors , Optical and Electronic Materials , Nanotechnology and Microengineering , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials , Nanoscale Science and Technology
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Call number:3527406255:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Tokamak Transport - New Aspects for Nuclear Fusion Reactor Design
Author(s): Woods
Date:2006
Publisher:Wiley-VCH
Size:1 online resource (253 p.)
ISBN:9783527406258
Series:eBooks
Series:Wiley Online Library
Series:Wiley 2016 package purchase
Keywords: Physics
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Call number:TP156.T7T45 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport phenomena for engineers.
Author(s): Louis Theodore
Date:1971
Publisher:International Textbook Co, Scranton
Size:338
ISBN:0700223274
Series:International series in chemical engineering 4
Keywords: Transport theory.
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Location: MAIN

Cover Image This book is only available through interlibrary loan. (email library@fnal.gov if you would like this title added to the Library collection.)
Call number:TP156.T7K44::2003 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemically reacting flow : theory and practice
Author(s): R.J. Kee
Michael Elliott Coltrin
Date:2003
Publisher:Wiley-Interscience, New York
Size:848
ISBN:0471261793
Keywords: Transport theory.
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Cover Image This book is only available through interlibrary loan. (email library@fnal.gov if you would like this title added to the Library collection.)
Call number:TP156.T7G4::1983 Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport processes and unit operations
Author(s): Christie J. Geankoplis
Date:1983
Edition:2nd ed.
Publisher:Allyn and Bacon, Boston
Size:862
ISBN:0205077889
Series:Allyn and Bacon series in engineering v. 233
Keywords: Transport theory.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9784431557562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Principles and Methods of Quantum Information Technologies
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (226 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-4-431-55756-2
Contents:Quantum Information Theory for Quantum Communication -- Quantum Communication for the Ultimate Capacity and Security -- Quantum Communication Experiments Over Optical Fiber -- Spin-photon Entanglement in Semiconductor Quantum Dots:
Towards Solid-state-based Quantum Repeaters -- Optical Lattice Clocks for Precision Time and Frequency Metrology -- Cold Atom Magnetometers -- Photonic Quantum Metrologies Using Photons -phase Super-sensitivity and
Entanglement-enhanced Imaging -- Counting Statistics of Single-electron Transport -- Some Recent Progress for approximation algorithms -- Coherent Computing with Injection-Locked Laser Network -- A Degenerate Optical Parametric
Oscillator Network for Coherent Computation -- Coherent Ising Machines with Quantum Measurement and Feedback Control -- Bose-Einstein Condensation: A Common Platform for Quantum Simulation Experiments -- Quantum Simulation Using
Ultracold Ytterbium Atoms in an Optical Lattice -- Quantum Simulation with Trapped Ions―Experimental Realization of the Jaynes-Cummings-Hubbard Model― -- Equilibrium to Nonequilibrium Condensation in Driven-dissipative Semiconductor
Systems -- High-orbital Exciton-polariton Condensation: Towards Quantum-simulator Applications -- Layered Architectures for Quantum Computers and Quantum Repeaters -- Analysis of an Atom-optical Architecture for Quantum Computation --
Optical Hybrid Quantum Information Processing -- Microwave Photonics on a Chip: Superconducting Circuits as Artificial Atoms for Quantum Information Processing.- Achievements and Outlook of Research on Quantum Information Systems using
Superconducting Quantum Circuits -- Parametric amplifier and oscillator based on Josephson junction circuitry -- Superconductor-Diamond Hybrid Quantum System -- Spin Qubits with Semiconductor Quantum Dots -- Silicon Quantum Information
Processing -- Quantum Information Processing Experiments using Nuclear and Electron Spins in Molecules -- Molecular Spin Qubits: Molecular Optimization of Synthetic Spin Qubits, Molecular Spin AQC and Ensemble Spin Manipulation
Technology
ISBN:9784431557562
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 911
Keywords: Physics , Computers , Quantum computers , Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Spintronics , Physics , Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics , Quantum Physics , Theory of Computation , Quantum Optics , Quantum Computing
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319411538:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles, Irreversible Thermodynamics, and Generalized Hydrodynamics Volume 2. Relativistic Theories
Author(s): Byung Chan Eu
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (201 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-41153-8
Contents:Relativistic Kinetic Theory for Matter -- Relativistic Kinetic Theory of Matter and Radiation -- Radiative Transport Coefficients and Their Mutual Relations
ISBN:9783319411538
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Thermodynamics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319333700:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Free Boundary Problems in PDEs and Particle Systems
Author(s): Gioia Carinci
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (1 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-33370-0
Contents:Introduction -- Part I The basic model -- Introduction to Part I -- The basic model, definitions and results -- Regularity properties of the barriers -- Lipschitz and L1 estimates -- Mass transport inequalities -- The limit theorems on barriers -- Brownian motion and the heat equation -- Existence of optimal sequences -- Proof of the main theorem -- The basic particle model and its hydrodynamic limit -- Part II Variants of the basic model -- Introduction to Part II -- Independent walkers with curre nt reservoirs -- Beyond diffusive scaling -- Other models
ISBN:9783319333700
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics: 12
Keywords: Mathematics , Partial differential equations , Probabilities , Mathematical physics , Physics , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Mathematics , Partial Differential Equations , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Mathematical Physics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319315997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Turbulence Introduction to Theory and Applications of Turbulent Flows
Author(s): Jerry Westerweel
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (284 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31599-7
Contents:1 Introduction -- 2 Equations of motion -- 2.1 incompressible flow -- 2.2 the Boussinesq approximation -- 2.3 coordinate system -- 3 Stability and Transition -- 3.1 stability analysis -- 3.2 Kelvin-Helmholtz instability -- 3.3
Rayleigh stability criterion -- 3.4 stability of a one-dimensional flow -- 3.5 routes to chaos -- 4 The characteristics of turbulence -- 4.1 the Burgers equation -- 4.2 phenomenology -- 4.3 experimental and numerical methods -- 5
Statistical description of turbulence -- 5.1 statistics -- 5.2 stationarity and homogeneity -- 5.3 the Reynolds equations -- 5.4 kinetic theory of momentum transfer -- 6 Turbulent flows -- 6.1 channel flow -- 6.2 mean velocity profile
-- 6.3 scaling of turbulent wall flows -- 6.4 wall roughness -- 6.5 pressure gradient -- 6.6 free turbulent flows -- 6.7 the free jet -- 7 Kinetic energy -- 7.1 kinetic energy of the mean flow -- 7.2 kinetic energy of turbulence -- 7.3
Prandtl's one-equation model -- 7.4 energy equation per component -- 7.5 convective turbulence -- 7.6 the convective boundary layer -- 8 Vorticity -- 8.1 vorticity equation -- 8.2 coherent structures -- 8.3 enstrophy -- 8.4 the k-
ε(e-ε) model -- 8.5 second-order closure and algebraic stress models -- 8.6 large eddy simulation of turbulence -- 9 Correlation function and spectrum -- 9.1 time correlations -- 9.2 the spectrum -- 9.3 spatial correlations and spectra
-- 9.4 the Taylor hypothesis -- 9.5 scaling of turbulence spectra -- 9.6 isotropic turbulence -- 10 Turbulent diffusion -- 10.1 statistical approach -- 10.2 the diffusion equation -- 10.3 inertial transport -- A Equations of motion --
B Special topics -- B.1 Monin-Obukhov similarity -- B.2 rapid distortion theory -- B.3 aeroacoustics -- B.4 rotating turbulence (by Herman Clercx) -- B.5 drag reduction by polymer additives -- Bibliography -- Index.
ISBN:9783319315997
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Fluids , Fluid mechanics , Physics , Fluid- and Aerodynamics , Engineering Fluid Dynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319313146:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Bogoliubov-de Gennes Method and Its Applications
Author(s): Jian-Xin Zhu
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (33 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-31314-6
Contents:Part I Bogoliubov-de Gennes Theory: Method -- Bogliubov-de Gennes Equations for Superconductors in the continuum model -- BdG Equations in Tight-Binding Model -- Part II Bogoliubov-de Gennes Theory: Applications -- Local Electronic
Structure around a Single Impurity in Superconductors -- Disorder Effects on Electronic and Transport Properties in Superconductors -- Local Electronic Structure in Superconductors under a Magnetic Field -- Transport across
Normal-Metal/Superconductor Junctions -- Topological and Quantum Size Effects in Superconductors at Reduced Length Scale -- References -- Additional Reading.
ISBN:9783319313146
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 924
Keywords: Physics , Mathematical physics , Superconductivity , Superconductors , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Physics , Strongly Correlated Systems, Superconductivity , Numerical and Computational Physics , Mathematical Applications in the Physical Sciences , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Mathematical Methods in Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319297019:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Foundations of Chaos Revisited: From Poincaré to Recent Advancements
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (54 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29701-9
Contents:Preface -- Henri Poincaré’s inventions in dynamical systems and topology -- From nonlinear oscillations to chaos theory -- Hydrodynamic turbulence as a nonstandard transport phenomenon -- Non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of
turbulence: comments on Ruelle's intermittency theory -- The Kolmogorov law of turbulence - what can rigorously be proved? -- History of chaos from a French perspective -- Measuring quasiperiodicity -- Heat transfer in a complex medium
-- Plasma hysteresis and instability: a memory perspective -- Stochastic anti-resonance in polarization phenomena -- A simple plankton model with complex behavior -- Fractal Radar: Towards 1980 – 2015 -- Simulation of multidimensional
nonlinear dynamics by one-dimensional maps with many parameters -- Sudden cardiac death and turbulence -- Absolute negative mobility in a ratchet flow
ISBN:9783319297019
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , System theory , Statistical physics , Vibration , Dynamical systems , Dynamics , Physics , Nonlinear Dynamics , Vibration, Dynamical Systems, Control , Complex Systems , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319292618:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Thermal Transport in Low Dimensions From Statistical Physics to Nanoscale Heat Transfer
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (90 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-29261-8
Contents:Heat transport in low dimensions: introduction and phenomenology -- Heat transport in harmonic systems -- Fluctuating hydrodynamics approach to equilibrium time correlations for anharmonic chains -- Kinetic theory of phonons in weakly
anharmonic particle chains -- Thermal conductivity in harmonic lattices with random collisions -- Simulation of heat transport in low-dimensional oscillator lattices -- Simulation of dimensionality effects in thermal transport --
Experimental Probing of Non‐Fourier Thermal Conductors -- Thermal Transport in Graphene, Few-Layer Graphene and Graphene Nanoribbons -- From thermal rectifiers to thermoelectric devices
ISBN:9783319292618
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics: 921
Keywords: Physics , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Thermodynamics , Heat engineering , Heat transfer , Mass transfer , Nanotechnology , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Nanotechnology , Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319280288:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems
Author(s):
Date:2016
Size:1 online resource (42 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-28028-8
Contents:Controlling chimera patterns in networks: Interplay of structure, noise, and delay -- Emergence of clusters of locked and whirling oscillators in the Kuramoto model with Inertia -- Control of synchronization in delay-coupled networks
-- Controlling oscillations in nonlinear systems with delayed output feedback -- Global effects of delayed feedback control applied to the Lorenz system -- Spatio-temporal patterns: observation, control, and design -- On the interplay
of noise and delay in coupled oscillators -- Noisy dynamical systems with time delay: some basic analytical perturbation schemes with applications -- Study on critical conditions and transient behaviors in noise-induced bifurcation --
Analytical, optimal and sparse optimal control of the FitzHugh-Nagumo and Schlögl model -- Recent advances in reaction-diffusion equations with non-ideal relays -- Deriving effective models for multiscale systems via evolutionary Gamma
convergence -- Moment closure - A brief review -- Feedback control in quantum transport -- Controlling the stability of steady states in continuous variable quantum systems -- Quantum signatures of chimera states -- Controlled
switching between time-periodic square-waves in photonic devices -- Exploiting multistabilities to achieve stable chimera states in all-to-all coupled laser networks -- Feedback control of colloidal transport -- Swarming of
self-propelled particles on the surface of a dewetting liquid film -- Time-delayed feedback control of spatio-temporal self-organized patterns in dissipative systems -- Control of epidemics on hospital network -- Intrinsic control
mechanisms of neuronal network dynamics -- Oscillations and intrinsic uctuations in evolutionary dynamics: how payoffs, dynamics and population sizes control the stability, and implementation of global feedback
ISBN:9783319280288
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , System theory , Amorphous substances , Complex fluids , Systems biology , Biological systems , Statistical physics , Dynamical systems , Physics , Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity , Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics , Biological Networks, Systems Biology , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Complex Systems
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319240886:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Quantum Transport at Nanoscale An Introduction
Author(s): Dmitry A Ryndyk
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (62 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-24088-6
Contents:Introduction -- Part I Basic Concepts -- Coherent transport: Green function method -- Tunneling and master equation -- Electron-electron interaction and Coulomb blockade -- Vibrons and polarons -- Part II Advanced methods --
Interacting nanosystems: discrete-level models -- Generalized master equation -- Nonequilibrium Green functions -- Current through an interacting system -- Some nonequilibrium many-body problems -- Time-dependent transport -- Part III
Single-molecule transport -- Basic theoretical concepts of single-molecule electronics -- Ab initio transport theory -- Towards single-molecule devices
ISBN:9783319240886
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences: 184
Keywords: Physics , Solid state physics , Nanoscale science , Nanoscience , Nanostructures , Optical materials , Electronic materials , Nanotechnology , Physics , Nanoscale Science and Technology , Solid State Physics , Optical and Electronic Materials , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9788847028050:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Introduction to Solid State Physics and Crystalline Nanostructures [electronic resource]
Author(s): Giuseppe Iadonisi
Giovanni Cantele
Maria Luisa Chiofalo
Date:2014
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This textbook provides conceptual, procedural, and factual knowledge on solid state and nanostructure physics. It is designed to acquaint readers with key concepts and their connections, to stimulate intuition and curiosity, andto enable the acquisit ion of competences in general strategies and specific procedures for problem solving and their use in specific applications. To these ends, a multidisciplinary approach is adopted, integrating physics, chemistry,and engineering and reflecting how these di sciplines are converging towards common tools and languages in the field. Each chapter discusses essential ideas before the introduction of formalisms and the stepwise addition ofcomplications. Questions on everyday manifestations of the concepts are incl uded, with reasoned linking of ideas from different chapters and sections and further detail in the appendices. The final section of each chapter describesexperimental methods and strategies that can be used to probe the phenomena under discussion. Solid state and nanostructure physics is constantly growing as a field of study where the fascinating quantum world emerges and otherwiseimaginary things can become real, engineered with increasing creativity and control: from tinier and faster technologies rea lizing quantum information concepts, to understanding of the fundamental laws of Physics. Elements of SolidState Physics and of Crystalline Nanostructures will offer the reader an enjoyable insight into the complex concepts of solid state physics
Contents:Crystals and Nanosystems Structure
Electronic structure of nanosystems and crystals
Elements of continuum mechanics and lattice vibrations
Transport and Equilibrium Properties
Optical Properties
Correlations and Density Functional Theory
ISBN:9788847028050
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:UNITEXT for Physics, 2198-7882
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nanochemistry , Crystallography , Mechanical engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642539770:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theoretical and Experimental Studies on Non-Fourier Heat Conduction Based on Thermomass Theory [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hai-Dong Wang
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book mainly focuses on the theoretical and experimental study of non-Fourier heat conduction behavior. A novel thermomass theory is used as the theoretical basis, which provides a general heat conduction equation for theaccurate prediction of no n-Fourier heat conduction. In order to prove the validity of this thermomass theory, a large current was used to heat the metallic nanofilm at the minimum temperature of 3 K. The measured average temperature ofthe nanofilm was notably higher than the pred iction of Fouriers heat diffusion equation, while matching well with the general heat conduction equation. This is the first time that steady non-Fourier heat conduction has beenobserved. Moreover, this book concerns the role of electron-phonon interactio n in metallic nanofilms, which involves the breakdown of the Wiedemann-Franz law at low temperatures and interfacial thermal resistance at femtosecondtimescales. Readers will find useful information on non-Fourier heat conduction and the latest advances i n the study of charge and heat transport in metallic nanofilms
Contents:Introduction
Thermomass theory for non
Fourier heat conduction
Experimental investigation of thermal wave and temperature wave
Experimental proof of steady
state non
Fourier heat conduction
Conclusions
ISBN:9783642539770
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Thermodynamics , Engineering , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319077222:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electronic Properties of Graphene Heterostructures with Hexagonal Crystals [electronic resource]
Author(s): John R Wallbank
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The last decade has witnessed the discovery of, and dramatic progress in understanding the physics of graphene and related two-dimensional materials. The development of methods for manufacturing and aligning high-qualitytwo-dimensional crystals has f acilitated the creation of a new generation of materials: the heterostructures of graphene with hexagonal crystals, in which the graphene electrons acquire new, qualitatively different properties. Thisthesis provides a comprehensive theoretical framework in which to understand these heterostructures, based on the tight binding model, perturbation theory, group theory and the concept of the moire superlattice (all of which areelucidated).It explains how graphene heterostructures provide new opportunities f or tailoring band structure, such as creating additional Dirac points or opening band gaps, and how they manifest themselvesin transport measurements,optical absorption spectra and the fractal Hofstadter spectra. Also considered arethe heterostructures of bilayer graphene and resonant tunneling in aligned graphene/insulator/graphene devices
Contents:Monolayer Graphene on a hBN Underlay
Optical Absorption in Graphene
hBN Heterostructures
Fractal Spectrum of Magnetic Minibands in Graphene
hBN Heterostructures
Experimental Realisation of the Graphene
hBN Heterostructure
Bilayer Graphene on hBN
Monolayer Graphene with Almost Commensurate 3 x 3 Hexagonal Crystals
Resonant Tunnelling in Graphene
Insulator
Graphene Heterostructures
ISBN:9783319077222
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319071039:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Integrated Devices for Quantum Information with Polarization Encoded Qubits [electronic resource]
Author(s): Linda Sansoni
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Quantum information science has found great experimental successby exploitingsingle photons. To date, however, the majority of quantum optical experiments use large-scale (bulk) optical elements bolted down to an opticalbench, an approach that ultima tely limits the complexity and stability of the quantum circuits required for quantum science and technology. The realization of complex optical schemes involving large numbers of elements requires theintroduction of waveguide technology to achieve the de sired scalability, stability and miniaturization of the device. This thesis reports on surprising findings in the field of integrated devices for quantum information. Here thepolarization of the photon is shown to offer a suitable degree of freedom for en coding quantum information in integrated systems. The most important results concern: the quantum interference of polarization entangled photons in anon-chip directional coupler the realization of a Controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate operating with polarization q ubits the realization of a quantum walk of bosons and fermions in an ordered optical lattice and the quantum simulation ofAnderson localization of bosons and fermions simulated by polarization entangled photons in a disordered quantum walk. The findings p resented in this thesis represent an important step towards the integration of a complete quantumphotonic experiment in a chip
Contents:Part I Quantum Information
Quantum Information with Photonics
Integrated Waveguide Technology
Part II Integrated Devices for Quantum Information
Polarization Dependent and Independent Devices
Quantum Computation: Integrated Quantum Gates for Polarization
Encoded Qubits
Process Characterization
Part III Quantum Simulation
Introduction to Quantum Simulation
Bosonic and Fermionic Quantum Walk
um Transport in Presence of Disorder
Conclusion
ISBN:9783319071039
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319068053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Wurtzite Nitrides and Oxides [electronic resource] : Passport to Devices
Author(s): Bernard Gil
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book gives a survey of the current state of the art of a special class of nitrides semiconductors, Wurtzite Nitride and Oxide Semiconductors. It includes properties, growth and applications. Research in the area of nitridessemiconductors is stil l booming although some basic materials sciences issues were solved already about 20 years ago. With the advent of modern technologies and the successful growth of nitride substrates, these materials currentlyexperience a second birth. Advanced new applic ations like light-emitters, including UV operating LEDs, normally on and normally off high frequency operating transistors are expected. With progress in clean room technology, advancedphotonic and quantum optic applications are envisioned in a close futu re. This area of research is fascinating for researchers and students in materials science, electrical engineering, chemistry, electronics, physics and biophysics.This book aims to be the ad-hoc instrument to this active field of research
Contents:Crystallography and Basic Physical Properties
Band Structure and Semi
Classical Theory of the Dielectric Constant
Growth and Structural Characterization( X
Ray, AFM, TEM) of Bulk Materials and Thin Films, Heterostructures
Optical Properties of Wurtzite Epilayers
Optical Properties of Low
Dimensional Nitride Heterostructures
Photonic Devices
Transport Properties in Nitrides
Transistors
Quantum Devices
ISBN:9783319068053
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v197
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Computer engineering , Optical materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319066899:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Chemical Kinetics, Stochastic Processes, and Irreversible Thermodynamics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Moiss Santilln
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book brings theories in nonlinear dynamics, stochastic processes, irreversible thermodynamics, physical chemistry, and biochemistry together in an introductory but formal and comprehensive manner. Coupled with examples, thetheories are developed stepwise, starting with the simplest concepts and building upon them into a more general framework. Furthermore, each new mathematical derivation is immediately applied to one or more biological systems. Thelast chapters focus on applying mathematical an d physical techniques to study systems such as: gene regulatory networks and ion channels. The target audience of this book are mainly final year undergraduate and graduate students with asolid mathematical background (physicists, mathematicians, and engi neers), as well as with basic notions of biochemistry and cellular biology. This book can also be useful to students with a biological background who are interestedin mathematical modeling, and have a working knowledge of calculus, differential equations, and a basic understanding of probability theory
Contents:Brief Introduction to Chemical Kinetics
Brief Introduction to Thermodynamics
Different Approaches to Analyzing a Simple Chemical Reaction
Molecule Synthesis and Degradation
Enzymatic Reactions
Receltor
Ligand Interaction
Cooperativity
Gene Expression and Regulation
Ion Channel Dynamics and Ion Transport Across Memberanes
References
Index
ISBN:9783319066899
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes on Mathematical Modelling in the Life Sciences, 2193-4789
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Chemistry Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319048048:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sub-Riemannian Geometry and Optimal Transport [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ludovic Rifford
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Thebook provides an introduction to sub-Riemannian geometry and optimal transport and presents some of the recent progress in these two fields. The text is completely self-contained: the linear discussion, containing all theproofs of the stated resul ts, leads the reader step by step from the notion of distribution at the very beginning to the existence of optimal transport maps for Lipschitz sub-Riemannian structure.The combination of geometry presentedfrom an analytic point of view and of optimal tr ansport, makes the book interesting for a very large community. This set of notes grew from a series of lectures given by the author during a CIMPA school in Beirut, Lebanon
Contents:1 Sub
Riemannian structures
2 Sub
Riemannian geodesics
3 Introduction to optimal transport
Appendix AOrdinary differential equations
Appendix BElements of differential calculus
References
ISBN:9783319048048
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:SpringerBriefs in Mathematics, 2191-8198
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Global analysis (Mathematics) , Systems theory , Global differential geometry , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319038773:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Open Quantum Systems Far from Equilibrium [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gernot Schaller
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph provides graduate students and also professional researchers aiming to understand the dynamics of open quantum systems with a valuable and self-contained toolbox. Special focus is laid on the link betweenmicroscopic models and the resu lting open-system dynamics. This includes how to derive the celebrated Lindblad master equation without applying the rotating wave approximation. As typical representatives for non-equilibriumconfigurations it treats systems coupled to multiple reservoirs (including the description of quantum transport), driven systems, and feedback-controlled quantum systems. Each method is illustrated with easy-to-follow examples fromrecent research. Exercises and short summaries at the end of every chapter enable the r eader to approach the frontiers of current research quickly and make the book useful for quick reference
Contents:An Introduction to Master Equations
Obtaining a Master Equation
Solving Master Equations
Multi
Terminal Coupling: Non
Equilibrium Case I
Direct Bath Coupling: Non
Equilibrium Case II
Open
Loop Control: Non
Equilibrium Case III
Closed
Loop Control: Non
Equilibrium Case IV
ISBN:9783319038773
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v881
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319037714:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media [electronic resource]
Author(s): Allen Hunt
Robert Ewing
Behzad Ghanbarian
Date:2014
Edition:3rd ed. 2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This monograph presents, for the first time, a unified and comprehensive introduction to some of the basic transport properties of porous media, such as electrical and hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and diffusion. Theapproach is based on cr itical path analysis and the scaling of transport properties, which are individually described as functions of saturation. At the same time, the book supplies a tutorial on percolation theory for hydrologists,providing them with the tools for solving actu al problems. In turn, a separate chapter serves to introduce physicists to some of the language and complications of groundwater hydrology necessary for successful modeling. Theend-of-chapter problems often indicate open questions, which young researchers entering the field can readily start working on. This significantly revised and expanded third edition includes in particular two new chapters: one onadvanced fractal-based models, and one devoted to the discussion of various open issues such as the role of diffusion vs. advection, preferential flow vs. critical path, universal vs. non-universal exponents for conduction, and lastbut not least, the overall influence of the experimental apparatus in data collection and theory validation. The book is suitab le for advanced graduate courses, with selected problems and questions appearing at the end of eachchapter. [...] I think the book is an important work that will guide soil scientists, hydrologists, and physicists to gain a better qualitative and quantita tive understanding of multitransport properties of soils. (Marcel G. Schaap,Soil Science Society of America Journal, May-June, 2006)
Contents:Percolation Theory: Topology and Structure
Properties Relevant for Transport and Transport Applications
Porous Media Primer for Physicists
Fractal Models of Porous Media
Specific Examples of Critical Path Analysis
Hydraulic and Electrical Conductivity: Conductivity Exponents and Critical Path Analysis
Other Transport Properties of Porous Media
Pressure Saturation Curves and the Critical Volume Fraction for Percolation: Accessibility Function of Percolation Theory
Applications of the Correlation Length: Scale Effects on Flow
Applications of the Cluster Statistics
Pro
ISBN:9783319037714
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v880
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Geography , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319035185:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Networks of Networks: The Last Frontier of Complexity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gregorio D'Agostino
Antonio Scala
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The present work is meant as a reference to provide an organic and comprehensive view of the most relevant results in the exciting new field of Networks of Networks (NetoNets). Seminal papers have recently been published posingthe basis to study what happens when different networks interact, thus providing evidence for the emergence of new, unexpected behaviors and vulnerabilities. From those seminal works, the awareness on the importance understandingNetworks of Networks (NetoNets) has spread to the entire community of Complexity Science. The reader will benefit from the experience of some of the most well-recognized leaders in this field. The contents have been aggregated underfour headings General Theory, Phenomenology, Applications and Risk Asses sment. The reader will be impressed by the different applications of the general paradigm that span from physiology, to financial risk, to transports. We arecurrently making the first steps to reduce the distance between the language and the way of thinki ng of the two communities of experts in real infrastructures and the complexity scientists. Although this path may prove to be long, itis extremely promising, both in extending our understanding of complex systems and in finding concrete applications that can enhance the life quality of millions of people
Contents:Part I Theoretical Approaches
Network of Interdependent Networks: Overview of Theory and Applications (18 April 2013)
Avalanches in Multiplex and Interdependent Networks
Multiple Networks
Modeling Interconnected Networks as Random Graphs: Connectivity and Systemic Risk
Thresholds and Complex Dynamics of Interdependent Cascading Infrastructure Systems
Part II Applications
Characterizing Relevant Network Structure with Reliability Polynomials
Spatial Effects: Transport on Interdependent Networks
Electrical Networks An Introduction
Smart Grid as Multi
Layer In
ISBN:9783319035185
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Economics, Mathematical
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319018904:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetic Stochasticity in Magnetically Confined Fusion Plasmas [electronic resource] : Chaos of Field Lines and Charged Particle Dynamics
Author(s): Sadrilla Abdullaev
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This is the first book to systematically consider the modern aspects of chaotic dynamics of magnetic field lines and charged particles in magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The analytical models describing the genericfeatures of equilibrium magnet ic fields and magnetic perturbations in modern fusion devices are presented. It describes mathematical and physical aspects of onset of chaos, generic properties of the structure of stochastic magneticfields, transport of charged particles in tokamaks ind uced by magnetic perturbations, new aspects of particle turbulent transport, etc. The presentation is based on the classical and new unique mathematical tools of Hamiltoniandynamics, like the action--angle formalism, classical perturbation theory, canonic al transformations of variables, symplectic mappings, the Poincar-Melnikov integrals. They are extensively used for analytical studies as well as fornumerical simulations of magnetic field lines, particle dynamics, their spatial structures and statistical properties. The numerous references to articles on the latest development in the area are provided.The book is intended forgraduate students and researchers who interested in the modern problems of magnetic stochasticity in magnetically confined fusion p lasmas. Itis also useful for physicists and mathematicians interested in new methods of Hamiltoniandynamics and their applications
Contents:Hamiltonian Representation of Magnetic Field
Magnetic Field Structure of Equilibrium Plasmas
Magnetic Field Perturbations
Hamiltonian Equations for the Guiding Center Motion of Particles
Drift Orbits in Equilibrium Plasmas
Methods to Study the Hamiltonian Systems
Onset of Dynamical Chaos: Mathematical Aspects
Onset of Dynamical Chaos: Physical Aspects
Magnetic Field Structure Induced by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in Tokamaks
Transport of Field Lines and Particles in a Stochastic Magnetic Field
Transport of Particles in a Turbulent Field
ISBN:9783319018904
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v78
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319017723:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Properties in Non-Equilibrium and Anomalous Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dario Villamaina
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The study of fluctuations in statistical physics has a long history, and a general theory is well established, connecting fluctuations to response properties of equilibrium systems. Remarkably, this framework fails as soon as somecurrent is flowing a cross the system, driving it out of equilibrium. The presence of currents is quite common in nature and produces rich phenomena which are far from being included in a general framework. This thesis focuses on thisgeneral problem by studying different mode ls such as granular materials and systems exhibiting anomalous diffusion and shows how the generalized response techniques can be successfully used to catch the relevant degrees of freedom thatdrive the systems out of equilibrium. This study paves the way to the use of the generalized fluctuation relations in an operative way, in order to extract information from a non-equilibrium system and to build the correspondingphenomenological theory
Contents:Dedication
Acknowledgements
Supervisors' Foreword
1 Introduction
2 Non
Equilibrium Steady States
3 The Effects of Memory on Response and Entropy Production
4 The Motion of a Tracer in a Granular Gas
5 Anomalous Transport and Non
Equilibrium
6 Conclusions and Perspectives
Appendices A1
A4
ISBN:9783319017723
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461486510:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Length-Scale Dependent Phonon Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Subhash L Shind
Gyaneshwar P Srivastava
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This book presents a comprehensive description of phonons and their interactions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Internationally-recognized leaders describe theories and measurements of phononinteractions in relation to the de sign of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanical systems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage,and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. T he emergence of techniques for control of semiconductor properties and geometry has enabled engineers to design structures in which functionality is derived from controllingelectron behavior. As manufacturing techniques have greatly expanded the list of a vailable materials and the range of attainable length scales, similar opportunities now exist for designing devices whose functionality is derived fromcontrolling phonon behavior. However, progress in this area is hampered by gaps in our knowledge of phon on transport across and along arbitrary interfaces, the scattering of phonons with crystal defects, interface roughness andmass-mixing, delocalized electrons/collective electronic excitations, and solid acoustic vibrations when these occur in structures w ith small physical dimensions. This book provides a comprehensive description of phonons and theirinteractions in systems with different dimensions and length scales. Theories and measurements of phonon interactions are described in relation to the design of materials with exotic properties such as metamaterials, nano-mechanicalsystems, next-generation electronic, photonic, and acoustic devices, energy harvesting, optical information storage, and applications of phonon lasers in a variety of fields. First book to cover phonon dispersion relations and phononinteractions at different length scales Discusses both theory and measurements of phonon transport and its relevance to materials properties Desc
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: Theoretical Studies of Dimensionality and Symmetry Dependence of Phonons
Chapter 2: Phonons in bulk and low
dimensional systems
Chapter 3: Theories of Phonon Transport in Bulk and Nanostructed Solids
Chapter 4: First
principles determination of phonon lifetimes, mean free paths, and thermal conductivities in crystalline materials: pure silicon and germanium
Chapter 5: Ab Initio Thermal Transport
Chapter 6: Interaction of thermal phonons with interfaces
Chapter 7: Time
resolved phonon spectroscopy and phonon transport in nanoscale systems
Chapter 8: Se
ISBN:9781461486510
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Topics in Applied Physics, 0303-4216 : v128
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461484806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Processes in Space Physics and Astrophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gary P Zank
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Transport Processes in Space Physics and Astrophysics is aimed at graduate level students to provide the necessary mathematical and physics background to understand the transport of gases, charged particle gases, energeticcharged particles, turbulenc e, and radiation in an astrophysical and space physics context. Subjects emphasized in the work include collisional and collisionless processes in gases (neutral or plasma), analogous processes inturbulence fields and radiation fields, and allows for a si mplified treatment of the statistical description of the system. A systematic study that addresses the common tools at a graduate level allows students to progress to a pointwhere they can begin their research in a variety of fields within space physics a nd astrophysics. This book is for graduate students who expect to complete their research in an area of plasma space physics or plasma astrophysics. Byproviding a broad synthesis in several areas of transport theory and modeling, the work also benefits re searchers in related fields by providing an overview that currently does not exist. For numerous interesting and challenging spacephysics and astrophysics problems, there is a need to describe the long-term behavior of systems governed by macroscopic laws and microscopic randomness. A random event has an outcome that is uncertain and unpredictable, yet thecollective behavior of a system can be governed by well defined mathematical and physical principles. Examples of physical problems include the behavior of gases in the presence of microscopic inter-particle collisions, the evolutionof a gas of charged protons and electrons (a plasma), the collective propagation of solar energetic particles or cosmic rays in a magnetically turbulent medium, the collectiv e behavior of dust in an accretion disk subject tocoagulation and destruction, the evolution of low-frequency magnetic field turbulence in the inhomogeneous solar wind, or the transport of photo
Contents:Statistical Background
The Boltzmann transport equation
Charged particle transport in a collisional magnetized plasma
Charged particle transport in a collisionless magnetized plasma
The transport of low frequency turbulence
Radiative transport
ISBN:9781461484806
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v877
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400754614:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows [electronic resource]
Author(s): Roberto Mauri
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a general framework that allows the macroscopic description of irreversible processes. This book introduces non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to the rheology of multiphaseflows. The subject is relev ant to graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering, physics and material science. This book is divided into two parts. The first part presents the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics,reviewing its essential features and showing, when pos sible, some applications. The second part of this book deals with how the general theory can be applied to model multiphase flows and, in particular, how to determine theirconstitutive relations. Each chapter contains problems at the end, the solutions of which are given at the end of the book. No prior knowledge of statistical mechanics is required the necessary prerequisites are elements of transportphenomena and on thermodynamics. The style of the book is mathematical, but nonetheless it remains very r eadable and anchored in the physical world rather than becoming too abstract. Though it is up-to-date and includes recentimportant developments, there is a lot of classical material in the book, albeit presented with unprecedented clarity and coherence. T he first six chapters are actually a very good introduction to the theory underlying many phenomenain soft matter physics, beyond the focus on flow and transport of the later chapters of the book. Prof Richard A.L. Jones FRS, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Resea rch and Innovation, University of Sheffield
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Microscopic reversibility
The Langevin equation
The Fokker
Planck equation
Stochastic differential calculus
The path integral
Balance equations
The constitutive relations
Multiphase Flows
Effective constitutive relations
Multiple scale analysis
ISBN:9789400754614
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Soft and Biological Matter, 2213-1736
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Polymers , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9788876424588:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Regularity of Optimal Transport Maps and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Guido Philippis
Date:2013
Publisher:Pisa : Scuola Normale Superiore : Imprint: Edizioni della Normale
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In this thesis, we study the regularity of optimal transport maps and its applications to the semi-geostrophic system. The first two chapters survey the known theory, in particular there is a self-contained proof of Breniertheorem on existence of opt imal transport maps and of Caffarellis Theorem on Holder continuity of optimal maps. In the third and fourth chapter we start investigating Sobolev regularity of optimal transport maps, while in Chapter 5we show how the above mentioned results allows to p rove the existence of Eulerian solution to the semi-geostrophic equation. In Chapter 6 we prove partial regularity of optimal maps with respect to a generic cost functions (it is wellknown that in this case global regularity can not be expected). More pre cisely we show that if the target and source measure have smooth densities the optimal map is always smooth outside a closed set of measure zero
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788876424588
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Publications of the Scuola Normale Superiore : v17
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical optimization
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642375699:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Quantum Fluids [electronic resource] : New Trends and Hot Topics in Atomic and Polariton Condensates
Author(s): Alberto Bramati
Michele Modugno
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The study of quantum fluids, stimulated by the discovery of superfluidity in liquid helium, has experienced renewed interest after the observation of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in ultra-cold atomic gases and the observationa new type of quantum fluid with specific characteristics derived from its intrinsic out-of-equilibrium nature. The main objective of this book is to take a snapshot of the state-of-the-art of this fast moving field with a specialemphasis on the hot topics and new trends. Bri nging together the most active specialists of the two areas (atomic and polaritonic quantum fluids), we expect that this book will facilitate the exchange and the collaboration betweenthese two communities working on subjects with very strong analogies
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Content: Atomic condensates
Turbulence in atomic Bose
Einstein condensates
Superfluidity in toroidal waveguides
Sonic Black holes and Hawking radiation in BECs
Fermions
Dissipative transport with disorder
Anderson localization of non
interacting matter waves
Two dimensional Bose fluids
Ultracold atoms in synthetic magnetic fields
Two dimensional Bose gases in optical lattices
Fermi gases in optical lattices with non
Abelian gauge fields
Polariton quantum fluids theory
Resonantly pumped polariton condensates
Non resonantly pumped polariton condens
ISBN:9783642375699
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, 0171-1873 : v177
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642353659:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Phenomena in Strongly Correlated Fermi Liquids [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hiroshi Kontani
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:In conventional metals, various transport coefficients are scaled according to the quasiparticle relaxation time, \tau, which implies that the relaxation time approximation (RTA) holds well. However, such a simple scaling does nothold in many strongl y correlated electron systems, reflecting their unique electronic states. The most famous example would be cuprate high-Tc superconductors (HTSCs), where almost all the transport coefficients exhibit a significantdeviation from the RTA results. To better understand the origin of this discrepancy, we develop a method for calculating various transport coefficients beyond the RTA by employing field theoretical techniques. Near the magnetic quantumcritical point, the current vertex correction (CVC), which des cribes the electron-electron scattering beyond the relaxation time approximation, gives rise to various anomalous transport phenomena. We explain anomalous transportphenomena in cuprate HTSCs and other metals near their magnetic or orbital quantum critica l pointusing a uniform approach. We also discuss spin related transport phenomena in strongly correlated systems. In many d- and f-electronsystems, the spin current induced by the spin Hall effect is considerably greater because of the orbital degrees of freedom. This fact attracts much attention due to its potential application in spintronics. We discuss various novelcharge, spin and heat transport phenomena in strongly correlated metals
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Basic Concept
Introduction
Fluctuation theory
Anomalous transport phenomena in nearly AF Fermi liquids
Anomalous Hall effect (AHE) and spin Hall effect (SHE)
Part II: Transport phenomena in cuprate HTSCs above T*
Transport phenomena in HTSCs below T*
AC transport phenomena in HTSCs
Impurity effects in nearly AF metals
Anomalous transport behaviors inheavy fermions and organic superconductors
Multiorbital systems
AHE and SHE in multiorbital systems
ISBN:9783642353659
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v251
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642350825:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonequilibrium Green's Functions Approach to Inhomogeneous Systems [electronic resource]
Author(s): Karsten Balzer
Michael Bonitz
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This research monograph provides a pedagogical and self-contained introduction to non-equilibrium quantum particle dynamics for inhomogeneous systems, including a survey of recent breakthroughs pioneered by the authors and othergroups. The theoretica l approach is based on real-time Greens functions (Keldysh Greens functions), directly solving the two-time Kadanoff-Baym equations (KBE). This field has seen a rapid development over the last decade, withnew applications emerging in plasma physics, semic onductor optics and transport, nuclear matter and high-energy physics. This text will be a valuable starting point and reference work for graduate students and researchers interestedin the quantum dynamics of inhomogeneous systems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Introduction
Quantum Many
Particle Systems out of Equilibrium
Part II Theory
Nonequilibrium Green`s Functions
Part III Computational Methods
Representations of the Nonequilibrium Green`s Function
Computation of Equilibrium States and Time
Propatation
Part IV Applications for Inhomogeneous Systems
Lattice Systems
Non
Lattics Systems
Conclusion and Outlook
Second Quantization
Perturbation Expansion
Index
ISBN:9783642350825
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v867
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642332876:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Finite Element Method: Theory, Implementation, and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Mats G Larson
Fredrik Bengzon
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book gives an introduction to the finite element method as a general computational method for solving partial differential equations approximately. Our approach is mathematical in nature with a strong focus on the underlyingmathematical principl es, such as approximation properties of piecewise polynomial spaces, and variational formulations of partial differential equations, but with a minimum level of advanced mathematical machinery from functionalanalysis and partial differential equations. In principle, the material should be accessible to students with only knowledge of calculus of several variables, basic partial differential equations, and linear algebra, as the necessaryconcepts from more advanced analysis are introduced when needed. Thro ughout the text we emphasize implementation of the involved algorithms, and have therefore mixed mathematical theory with concrete computer code using the numericalsoftware MATLAB is and its PDE-Toolbox. We have also had the ambition to cover some of the most important applications of finite elements and the basic finite element methods developed for those applications, including diffusion andtransport phenomena, solid and fluid mechanics, and also electromagnetics.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Piecewise Polynomial Approximation in 1D
2. The Finite Element Method in 1D
3. Piecewise Polynomial Approximation in 2D
4. The Finite Element Method in 2D
5. Time
dependent Problems
6. Solving Large Sparse Linear Systems
7. Abstract Finite Element Analysis
8. The Finite Element
9. Non
linear Problems
10. Transport Problems
11. Solid Mechanics
12. Fluid Mechanics
13. Electromagnetics
14. Discontinuous Galerkin Methods
A. Some Additional Matlab Code
References
ISBN:9783642332876
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Texts in Computational Science and Engineering, 1611-0994 : v10
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer aided design , Differential equations, partial , Computer science Mathematics , Computer science , Mechanics, applied
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642320934:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar and Stellar Dynamos [electronic resource] : Saas-Fee Advanced Course 39 Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy
Author(s): Paul Charbonneau
Oskar Steiner
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Astrophysical dynamos are at the heart of cosmic magnetic fields of a wide range of scales, from planets and stars to entire galaxies. This book presents a thorough, step-by-step introduction to solar and stellar dynamos. Lookingfirst at the ultimate origin of cosmic seed magnetic fields, the antagonists of field amplification are next considered: resistive decay, flux expulsion, and flows ruled out by anti-dynamo theorems. Two kinematic flows that can act asdynamos are then studied: the Roberts cell and the CP-flow. Mean-field electrodynamics and derivation of the mean-field dynamo equations lead to the alpha Omega-dynamo, the flux transport dynamo, and dynamos based on theBabcock-Leighton mechanism. Alternatives to the mean-field theory are also pr esented, as are global MHD dynamo simulations. Fluctuations and grand minima in the solar cycle are discussed in terms of dynamo modulations throughstochastic forcing and nonlinear effects. The book concludes with an overview of the major challenges in un derstanding stellar magnetic fields and their evolution in terms of various dynamo models, global MHD simulations, and fossilfields. Each chapter is accompanied by an annotated bibliography, guiding the readers to the relevant technical literature, which may lead them to carry out their own research in the field of dynamo theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Magnetohydrodynamics
2 Decay and Amplification of Magnetic Fields
3 Dynamo Models of the Solar Cycle
4 Fluctuations, Intermittency and Predictivity
5 Stellar Dynamos
A Useful Identities and Theorems from Vector Calculus
B Coordinate Systems and the Fluid Equations
C Physical and Astronomical Constants
D Maxwells Equations and Physical Units
Index
ISBN:9783642320934
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Saas-Fee Advanced Courses, 1861-7980 : v39
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642309076:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Energy Level Alignment and Electron Transport Through Metal/Organic Contacts [electronic resource] : From Interfaces to Molecular Electronics
Author(s): Enrique Abad
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:In recent years, ever more electronic devices have started to exploit the advantages of organic semiconductors. The work reported in this thesis focuses on analyzing theoretically the energy level alignment of differentmetal/organic interfaces, neces sary to tailor devices with good performance. Traditional methods based on density functional theory (DFT), are not appropriate for analyzing them because they underestimate the organic energy gap andfail to correctly describe the van der Waals forces. Si nce the size of these systems prohibits the use of more accurate methods, corrections to those DFT drawbacks are desirable. In this work a combination of a standard DFT calculationwith the inclusion of the charging energy (U) of the molecule, calculated f rom first principles, is presented. Regarding the dispersion forces, incorrect long range interaction is substituted by a van der Waals potential. With thesecorrections, the C60, benzene, pentacene, TTF and TCNQ/Au(111) interfaces are analyzed, both for s ingle molecules and for a monolayer. The results validate the induced density of interface states model
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theoretical Foundation
Further Developments in IDIS Model
The IDIS Model at the Molecular Limit
Results for Various Interfaces: C60, Benzene, TTF, TCNQ and Pentacene Over Au(111)
ISBN:9783642309076
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Optical materials , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319004341:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of the Nuclear Magnetic 1/T1 Relaxation Rate in Conventional and Unconventional Magnets [electronic resource]
Author(s): Andrew Smerald
Date:2013
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One of the best ways to lift the lid on what is happening inside a given material is to study it using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Of particular interest are NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, which measure how fast energystored in magnetic nuclei is t ransferred to surrounding electrons. This thesis develops a detailed, quantitative theory of NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, and shows for the first time how they could be used to measure the speed at whichenergy travels in a wide range of magnetic materials. This theory is used to make predictions forQuantum Spin Nematics, an exotic form of quantum order analogous to a liquid crystal. In order to do so, it is first necessary tounravel how spin nematics transport energy. This thesis proposes a new way to do this, based on the description of quarks in high-energy physics. Experiments to test the ideas presented are now underway in laboratories across theworld
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:What is frustrated magnetism and why should you care?
An introduction to field theory in magnetic systems: the Nel antiferromagnet
Angle
resolved NMR: a theory of the 1/T1 relaxation rate in magnetic systems
Theory of the NMR relaxation rate in magnetic Fe pnictides
Field theoretical description of quantum spin
nematic order
How to recognise the quantum spin
nematic state
ISBN:9783319004341
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000381:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Laser-Plasma Interactions and Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Paul McKenna
David Neely
Robert Bingham
Dino Jaroszynski
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Laser-Plasma Interactions and Applications covers the fundamental and applied aspects of high power laser-plasma physics. With an internationally renowned team of authors, the book broadens the knowledge of young researchersworking in high power lase r-plasma science by providing them with a thorough pedagogical grounding in the interaction of laser radiation with matter, laser-plasma accelerators, and inertial confinement fusion. The text is organisedsuch that the theoretical foundations of the subje ct are discussed first, in Part I. In Part II, topics in the area of high energy density physics are covered. Parts III and IV deal with the applications to inertial confinement fusionand as a driver of particle and radiation sources, respectively. Finall y, Part V describes the principle diagnostic, targetry, and computational approaches used in the field. This book is designed to give students a thorough foundationin the fundamental physics of laser-plasma interactions. It will also provide readers with knowledge of the latest research trends and elucidate future exciting challenges in laser-plasma science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory of Underdense Laser
Plasma Interactions with Photon Kinetic Theory
Theory of Laser
Overdense Plasma Interactions
High Energy Density Physics
Shock Waves and Equations of State Related to Laser Plasma Interaction
The Effect of Radiation Field on Excitation and Ionisation in Non
LTE High Energy Density Plasmas
Energetic Electron Generation and Transport in Intense Laser
Solid Interactions
The Physics of Implosion, Ignition and Propagating Burn
Cryogenic Deuterium and Deuterium
Tritium Direct
Drive Implosions on Omega
Indirect Drive at the NIF Scale
Laser
Plasma
ISBN:9783319000381
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Scottish Graduate Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear fusion
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461480112:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Properties of Molecular Junctions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Natalya A Zimbovskaya
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:A comprehensive overview of the physical mechanisms that control electron transport and the characteristics of metal-molecule-metal (MMM) junctions is presented. As far as possible, methods and formalisms presented elsewhere toanalyze electron transp ort through molecules are avoided. This title introduces basic conceptsa description of the electron transport through molecular junctionsand briefly describes relevant experimental methods. Theoreticalmethods commonly used to analyze the electron transpo rt through molecules are presented. Various effects that manifest in the electron transport through MMMs, as well as the basics of density-functional theory and its applications toelectronic structure calculations in molecules are presented. Nanoelectroni c applications of molecular junctions and similar systems are discussed as well. Molecular electronics is a diverse and rapidly growing field. TransportProperties of Molecular Junctions presents an up-to-date survey of the field suitable for researchers a nd professionals
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
General Description
Transport Theory
Ballistic Transport
Inelastic Transport
Electronic Structure Calcuations in Molecules
Nanoelectronic Applications of Molecular Junctions
Conclusion
Appendix
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9781461480112
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v254
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electronics , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461464068:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Asymptotic Geometric Analysis [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the Fall 2010 Fields Institute Thematic Program
Author(s): Monika Ludwig
Vitali D Milman
Vladimir Pestov
Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Asymptotic Geometric Analysis is concerned with the geometric and linear properties of finite dimensional objects, normed spaces, and convex bodies, especially with the asymptotics of their various quantitative parameters as thedimension tends to inf inity. The deep geometric, probabilistic, and combinatorial methods developed here are used outside the field in many areas of mathematics and mathematical sciences. The Fields Institute Thematic Program in theFall of 2010 continued an established traditi on of previous large-scale programs devoted to the same general research direction. The main directions of the program included: * Asymptotic theory of convexity and normed spaces *Concentration of measure and isoperimetric inequalities, optimal transport ation approach * Applications of the concept of concentration * Connections with transformation groups and Ramsey theory * Geometrization of probability * Randommatrices * Connection with asymptotic combinatorics and complexity theory These directions are represented in this volume and reflect the present state of this important area of research. It will be of benefit to researchers working ina wide range of mathematical sciencesin particular functional analysis, combinatorics, convex geometry, dynamical systems, operator algebras, and computer science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
The Variance Conjecture on Some Polytopes (D. Alonso Gutirrez, J. Bastero)
More Universal Minimal Flows of Groups of Automorphisms of Uncountable Structures (D. Bartosova)
On the Lyapounov Exponents of Schrodinger Operators Associated with the Standard Map (J. Bourgain)
Overgroups of the Automorphism Group of the Rado Graph (P. Cameron, C. Laflamme, M. Pouzet, S. Tarzi, R. Woodrow)
On a Stability Property of the Generalized Spherical Radon Transform (D. Faifman)
Banach Representations and Affine Compactification of Dynamical Systems (E. Glasner, M. Megrelishvili)
F
ISBN:9781461464068
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Fields Institute Communications, 1069-5265 : v68
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Topological Groups , Functional analysis , Operator theory , Discrete groups , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9781461450498:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Constructal Law and the Unifying Principle of Design [electronic resource]
Author(s): Luiz A.O Rocha
Sylvie Lorente
Adrian Bejan
Date:2013
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Design happens everywhere, whether in animate objects (e.g., dendritic lung structures, bacterial colonies, and corals), inanimate patterns (river basins, beach slope, and dendritic crystals), social dynamics (pedestrian trafficflows), or engineered systems (heat dissipation in electronic circuitry). This design in nature often takes on remarkably similar patterns, which can be explained under one unifying Constructal Law. This book explores theunifying power of the Constructal Law and its applicatio ns in all domains of design generation and evolution, ranging from biology and geophysics to globalization, energy, sustainability, and security. The Constructal Law accountsfor the universal tendency of flow systems to morph into evolving configurations that provide greater and easier access over time. The Constructal Law resolves the many and contradictory ad hoc statements of optimality, enddesign, and destiny in nature, such as minimum and maximum entropy production and minimum and maximum flow resist ance, and also explains the designs that are observed and copied in biomimetics. Constructal Law and the UnifyingPrinciple of Design covers the fundamentals of Constructal Theory and Design, as well as presenting a variety of state-of-the-art applications . Experts from the biological, physical and social sciences demonstrate the unification ofall design phenomena in nature, and apply this knowledge to novel designs in modern engineering, such as vascularization for self-healing and self-cooling materials for aircraft, and tree fins and cavities for heat transferenhancement. Captures a world-wide movement toward design as science Defines the place of the Constructal Law in physics and thermodynamics Features an interdisciplinaryapproach that spans phys ics, biology, engineering and the social sciences Demonstrates that a single law of physics governs all the pheno
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface: Constructal law, design in nature, and complexity
1. The Constructal Design of Humanity on the Globe
2. Towards a Quantitative Unifying Theory of Natural Design of Flow Systems: Emergence and Evolution
3. Leaf Shapes and Venation Patterns
4. Drainage Basins Evolution with Non
Erodible Regions
5. Software Evolution and the Constructal Law
6. Constructal Design of High Conductivity Inserts
7. Constructal Design of T
shaped Water Distribution Networks
8. The Constructal Theory of Electrokinetic Transport through a Porous System
9. Constructal Theory Applied to
ISBN:9781461450498
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Geology , Biological models , Thermodynamics , Hydraulic engineering , Engineering design
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642301087:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Photomodulated Optical Reflectance [electronic resource] : A Fundamental Study Aimed at Non-Destructive Carrier Profiling in Silicon
Author(s): Janusz Bogdanowicz
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:One of the critical issues in semiconductor technology is the precise electrical characterization of ultra-shallow junctions. Among the plethora of measurement techniques, the optical reflectance approach developed in this work isthe sole concept tha t does not require physical contact, making it suitable for non-invasive in-line metrology. This work develops extensively all the fundamental physical models of the photomodulated optical reflectance technique andintroduces novel approaches that extend i ts applicability from dose monitoring towards detailed carrier profile reconstruction. It represents a significant breakthrough in junction metrology with potential for industrialimplementation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory of Perturbation of the Reflectance
Theory of Perturbation of the Refractive Index
Theory of Carrier and Heat Transport in Homogeneously Doped Silicon
Extension of the Transport Theory to Ultra
Shallow Doped Silicon Layers
Assessment of the Model
Application of the Model to Carrier Profling
ISBN:9783642301087
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642294174:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Sun: New Challenges [electronic resource] Proceedings of Symposium 3 of JENAM 2011
Author(s): Vladimir N Obridko
Katya Georgieva
Yury A Nagovitsyn
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These are the proceedings of the Symposium 3 of JENAM 2011 on new scientific challenges posed by the Sun. The topics covered are 1. The unusual sunspot minimum, which poses challenges to the solar dynamo theory 2. The SunsTerra-Hertz emission, which opens a new observational window 3. Corona wave activity 4. Space weather agents - initiation, propagation, and forecasting In 21 in-depth contributions, the reader will be presented with the latestfindings
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. The unusual sunspot minimum
challenge to the solar dynamo theory
2. The evolution of cyclic activity of the Sun in the context of physical processes on late
type stars
3. Long
term variations of the solar supergranulation size according to the observations in CaIIK line
4. On the Problem of Heat Transport in the Solar Atmosphere
5. Dynamics of the electrical currents in coronal magnetic loops
6. Observations of solar flares from GHz to THz frequencies
7. On the Interaction of Solar Rotational Discontinuities with a Contact Discontinuity Inside the Solar Transition Region
ISBN:9783642294174
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591 : v30
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642293290:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics in Science and Engineering - Vol. 2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Santo Banerjee
Lamberto Rondoni
Mala Mitra
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Chaos and nonlinear dynamics initially developed as a new emergent field with its foundation in physics and applied mathematics. The highly generic, interdisciplinary quality of the insights gained in the last few decades hasspawned myriad applicatio ns in almost all branches of science and technologyand even well beyond. Wherever the quantitative modeling and analysis of complex, nonlinear phenomena are required, chaos theory and its methods can play akey role. This second volume concentrates on rev iewing further relevant, contemporary applications of chaotic nonlinear systems as they apply to the various cutting-edge branches of engineering. This encompasses, but is notlimited to, topics such as the spread of epidemics electronic circuits chaos con trol in mechanical devices secure communication and digital watermarking. Featuring contributions from active and leading research groups, thiscollection is ideal both as a reference work and as a recipe book full of tried and tested, successful engineeri ng applications
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part 1: Nonlinearity in Control Systems and Geo Engineering
Part 2: Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos in Electronics
Part 3: Nonlinear Dynamics in Stochastic Networks
Part 4: Nonlinear Dynamics in Transport and Mechanical Engineering
Part 5: Chaos Theory in Communication and Cryptography
ISBN:9783642293290
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Understanding Complex Systems, 1860-0832
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Engineering mathematics , Vibration , Telecommunication
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642281549:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pseudochaotic Kicked Oscillators [electronic resource] : Renormalization, Symbolic Dynamics, and Transport
Author(s): John H Lowenstein
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Pseudochaotic Kicked Oscillators: Renormalization, Symbolic Dynamics, and Transport presents recent developments in pseudochaos, which is concerned with complex branching behaviors of dynamical systems at the interfacebetween orderly and chaotic moti on. Pseudochaos is characterized by the trapping of orbits in the vicinity of self-similar hierarchies of islands of stability, producing phase-space displacements which increase asymptotically as apower of time. This monograph is a thorough, self-contain ed investigation of a simple one-dimensional model (a kicked harmonic oscillator) which exhibits pseudochaos in its purest form. It is intended for graduate students andresearchers in physics and applied mathematics, as well as specialists in nonlinear dy namics. Dr. John H. Lowenstein is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physics at New York University, USA
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Local Dynamics: Piecewise Isometries of A Square
Symbolic Dynamics
Global Dynamics
Model of Hamiltonian Round
off
ISBN:9783642281549
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Mathematics , Systems theory , Mathematical physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642275128:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Semiconductor Modeling Techniques [electronic resource]
Author(s): Naci Balkan
Marie Xavier
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the key theoretical techniques for semiconductor research to quantitatively calculate and simulate the properties. It presents particular techniques to study novel semiconductor materials, such as 2Dheterostructures, quantum wires , quantum dots and nitrogen containing III-V alloys. The book is aimed primarily at newcomers working in the field of semiconductor physics to give guidancein theoryand experiment. The theoreticaltechniques for electronic and optoelectronic devices are ex plained in detail
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to semiconductor heterostructures
Finite element method and applications in semiconductors
Theory of electronic transport in nanostructures
Electron
phonon interactions
Nonlinear effects at high electric fields
Band structure engineering for optoelectronic devices
Tight
binding/pseudo
potential calculations
Theory and modelling of vertical cavity devices
Fundamental theory of lasers and SOAs
ISBN:9783642275128
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Materials Science, 0933-033X : v159
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Electronics , Optical materials
Availability:Click here to see Library holdings or inquire at Circ Desk (x3401)
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