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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND KEYWORD WEIGHTS AND MEASURES *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/21038.38 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find keyword weights and measures ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319078427:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Probability on Compact Lie Groups [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Applebaum
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Probability theory on compact Lie groups deals with the interaction between chance and symmetry, a beautiful area of mathematics of great interest in its own sake but which is now also finding increasing applicationsin statistics and engineering (par ticularly with respect to signal processing). The author gives a comprehensive introduction to some of the principle areas of study, with an emphasis on applicability. The most important topicspresented are: the study of measures via the non-commutative F ourier transform, existence and regularity of densities, properties of random walks and convolution semigroups of measures, and the statistical problem of deconvolution. Theemphasis on compact (rather than general) Lie groups helps readers to get acquaint ed with what is widely seen as a difficult field but which is also justified by the wealth of interesting results at this level and the importance ofthese groups for applications. The book is primarily aimed at researchers working in probability, stochast ic analysis and harmonic analysis on groups. It will also be of interest to mathematicians working in Lie theory and physicists,statisticians and engineers who are working on related applications. A background in first year graduate level measure theoreti c probability and functional analysis is essential a background in Lie groups and representation theory iscertainly helpful but the first two chapters also offer orientation in these subjects
Contents:Introduction
1.Lie Groups
2.Representations, Peter
Weyl Theory and Weights
3.Analysis on Compact Lie Groups
4.Probability Measures on Compact Lie Groups
5.Convolution Semigroups of Measures
6.Deconvolution Density Estimation
Appendices
Index
Bibliography
ISBN:9783319078427
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling, 2199-3130 : v70
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Topological Groups , Harmonic analysis , Fourier analysis , Functional analysis , Distribution (Probability theory)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783642013843:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dealing with Uncertainties [electronic resource] : A Guide to Error Analysis
Author(s): Manfred Drosg
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Dealing with Uncertainties is an innovative monograph that lays special emphasis on the deductive approach to uncertainties and on the shape of uncertainty distributions. This perspective has the potential for dealing with theuncertainty of a single data point and with sets of data that have different weights. It is shown that the inductive approach that is commonly used to estimate uncertainties is in fact not suitable for these two cases. The approachthat is used to understand the nature of uncerta inties is novel in that it is completely decoupled from measurements. Uncertainties which are the consequence of modern science provide a measure of confidence both in scientific data andin information in everyday life. Uncorrelated uncertainties and corr elated uncertainties are fully covered and the weakness of using statistical weights in regression analysis is discussed. The text is abundantly illustrated withexamples and includes more than 150 problems to help the reader master the subject
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basics on Data
Basics on Uncertainties
Radioactive Decay,a Model for Random Events
Frequency and Probability Distributions
Deductive Approach to Uncertainty
Correlation
Dealing with Internal Uncertainties
Presentation and Estimation of Uncertainties
Feedback of Uncertainties on Experiment Design
ISBN:9783642013843
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540959687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Applications of Synchrotron Light to Scattering and Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences [electronic resource]
Author(s): Marian Gomez
Aurora Nogales
Mari Cruz Garcia-Gutierrez
T.A Ezquerra
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The present set of lecture notes originates from the deeply felt need in the community to bridge the gap between beamline manuals and advanced graduate textbooks. The volume is a collection of tutorials, surveys and reviews. Theycover most cases of r elevance and interest where the combination of synchrotron light with various scattering and diffraction techniques is a very helpful approach to obtaining essential information about the structure of largemolecular assemblies in low-ordered environments. Soft condensed matter and biomaterials, as well as complex fluids, are typical of the materials considered here. Contributions to this volume have been selected on the basis of theirclose relevance to advanced synchrotron radiation sources and state-of-t he art beamline work
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Bases of Synchrotron Radiation, Light Sources, and Features of X
Ray Scattering Beamlines
Scattering of Soft Condensed Matter: From Fundaments to Application
A Basic Introduction to Grazing Incidence Small
Angle X
Ray Scattering
Fundaments of Soft Condensed Matter Scattering and Diffraction with Microfocus Techniques
The Use of Scattering and Spectroscopic Synchrotron Radiation Methods in Materials Science
Synchrotron Small
Angle X
Ray Scattering Studies of Colloidal Suspensions
Applications of Synchrotron X
Ray Diffraction to the Study of the Phase Behavior in Liquid Crystal
ISBN:9783540959687
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v776
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Microscopy , Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Soft condensed matter
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540893011:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:LEP - The Lord of the Collider Rings at CERN 1980-2000 [electronic resource] : The Making, Operation and Legacy of the World's Largest Scientific Instrument
Author(s): Herwig Schopper
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Housed by a 4 m diameter tunnel of 27 km circumference, with huge underground labs and numerous surface facilities, and set up with a precision of 0.1 mm per kilometer, the Large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP) was not only thelargest but also one o f the most sophisticated scientific research instrument ever created by Man. Located at CERN, near Geneva, LEP was built during the years 1983 - 1989, was operational until 2000, and corroborated the standardmodel of particle physics through continous hig h precision measurements. The Author, director-general of CERN during the crucial period of the construction of LEP, recounts vividly the convoluted decision-making and technicalimplementation processes - the tunnel alone being a highly challenging geo- a nd civil engineering project - and the subsequent extremely fruitful period of scientific research. Finally he describes the difficult decision to close downLEP, at a time when the discovery of the Higgs boson seemed within reach. LEP was eventually disma ntled in 2000, enabling the tunnel to be reused for building the next generation machine, the much more powerful Large Hadron Collider(LHC), an upgrade then called LEP3 and foreseen from the beginning. It became operational just as this account was being completed. Written by the main protagonist responsible for making LEP a reality, this is the definitive insidestory of a remarkable machine and the many thousands of scientists and engineers from around the world, whose efforts contributed to the new know ledge it produced
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Why LEP and Why at CERN?
The Difficult Decision of LEPs Size and Energy
The Approval, or How To Persuade Governments
The Tunnelling Adventure
The Environment People and Nature
LEP The Technical Challenge
The LEP Experiments Institutions in Themselves
What Have We Learned from LEP? Physics Results
Creating New Technologies
Unloved but Necessary Management and Finances
How To Invite the Pope? VIP Visits
CERN Bringing Nations Together
The Complicated Transition from LEP to the LHC
The Dramatic Last Period of LEP
ISBN:9783540893011
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Weights and measures , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration , Physics History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540858393:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Euroschool Lectures on Physics with Exotic Beams, Vol. III [electronic resource]
Author(s): J.S Al-Khalili
E Roeckl
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the third volume in a series of Lecture Notes based on the highly successful Euro Summer School on Exotic Beams. The aim of these notes is to provide a thorough introduction to radioactive ion-beam physics at the level ofgraduate students and young postdocs starting out in the field. Each volume covers a range of topics from nuclear theory to experiment and applications. Vol I has been published as LNP 651, ISBN 978-3-540-22399-3 Vol II has beenpublished as LNP 700, ISBN 978-3-540-33786-7
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Shell Structure of Exotic Nuclei
Testing the Structure of Exotic Nuclei via Coulomb Excitation of Radioactive Ion Beams at Intermediate Energies
Test of Isospin Symmetry Along the N=Z line
Beta Decay of Exotic Nuclei
One
and Two
Proton Radioactivity
Superheavy Elements
Experimental Tools in Nuclear Astrophysics
ISBN:9783540858393
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v764
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540758242:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Redshift Galaxies [electronic resource] : Light from the Early Universe
Author(s): Immo Appenzeller
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a comprehensive account of the scientific results on high-redshift galaxies accumulated during the past ten years. Apart from summarizing and critically discussing the wealth of observational data, theobservational methods which ma de it possible to study these very distant and extremely faint objects are described in detail. Moreover, the technical feasibilities and physical limitations for existing and for future ground-based andspace-based telescopes are discussed. Thus, apart fr om summarizing the knowledge accumulated so far, the book is designed as a tool for planning future observational and instrumental programs and projects. In view of the potentialimportance of the observational results of the high-redshift universe for bas ic physics the book is written for astronomers as well as for physicists without prior astronomical knowledge. For this purpose it contains introductorychapters describing the basic concepts and notations used in modern astronomy and a brief overview of t he present knowledge of the local universe. The individual chapters provide detailed information, summaries and references on allimportant aspects and problems pertaining to the subject. The objective of the book is therefore to provide a thorough introdu ction to the topic for interested researchers. Students interested in extragalactic astronomy will findimportant information not (yet) available in standard academic texts. The book will also be a valuable companion text for special lectures on the high-r edshift universe and cosmic evolution. And it will be an important tool forresearch students starting a thesis in the field of extragalactic astronomy and observational cosmology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I The Context
1 Introduction
2 The Nearby Universe
3 The Past and the Future
Part II Methods and Tools
4 Basic Techniques and their Limitations
5 Finding Very Distant Galaxies
6 Deriving Physical Parameters
Part III Observational Results and their Interpretation
7 Observed Properties of High
redshift Galaxies
8 The Space Distribution of High
redshift Galaxies
9 Interactions with the Intergalactic Medium
10 Implications
Part IV An Outlook to the Future
11 Ongoing Work
12 Future Facilities and their Opportunities
ISBN:9783540758242
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540498292:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Surface and Interface Analysis [electronic resource] : An Electrochemists Toolbox
Author(s): Rudolf Holze
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:A broad, almost encyclopedic overview of spectroscopic and other analytical techniques useful for investigations of phase boundaries in electrochemistry is presented. The analysis of electrochemical interfaces and interphases on amicroscopic, even mo lecular level, is of central importance for an improved understanding of the structure and dynamics of these phase boundaries. The gained knowledge will be needed for improvements of methods and applicationsreaching from electrocatalysis, electrochemical energy conversion, biocompatibility of metals, corrosion protection to galvanic surface treatment and finishing. The book provides an overview as complete as possible and enables thereader to choose methods most suitable for tackling his particular task. It is nevertheless compact and does not flood the reader with the details of review papers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:and Overview
Structure and Dynamics of Electrochemical Phase Boundaries
Scope and Limitations of Classical Electrochemical Methods
Spectroscopy and Surface Analysis at Interfaces Between Condensed Phases
Methods and Applications
Spectroscopy at Electrochemical Interfaces
Diffraction and Other X
Ray Methods
Surface Analytical Methods
ISBN:9783540498292
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Chemical Physics, 0172-6218 : v74
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Chemistry, Physical organic , Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Control engineering systems , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387304410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Signal Processing in Acoustics [electronic resource]
Author(s): David Havelock
Sonoko Kuwano
Michael Vorlnder
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The Handbook of Signal Processing in Acoustics presents signal processing as it is practiced in the field of acoustics. The Handbook is organized by areas of acoustics, with recognized leaders coordinating the self-containedchapters of each section. It brings together a wide range of perspectives from over 100 authors to reveal the interdisciplinary nature of signal processing in acoustics. Success in acoustic applications often requires juggling both theacoustic and the signal processing parameters of the problem. This handbook brings the key issues from both into perspective and is complementary to other reference material on the two subjects. It is a unique resource for experts andpractitioners alike to find new ideas and techniques within the div ersity of signal processing in acoustics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Acoustic Signals and Systems
Signals and Systems
Acoustic Data Acquisition
Spectral Analysis and Correlation
The FFT and Tone Identification
Measuring Transfer
Functions and Impulse Responses
Digital Sequences
Filters
Adaptive Processing
Beamforming and Wavenumber Processing
Auditory System and Hearing
Anatomy, Physiology and Function of the Auditory System
Physiological Measures of Auditory Function
Auditory Processing Models
Speech Intelligibility
Signal Processing in Hearing Aids
Psychoacoustics
Methods for Psychoacoustics in Relation to Lo
ISBN:9780387304410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Animal Physiology , Weights and measures , Acoustics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540778172:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Trapped Charged Particles and Fundamental Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Frank Herfurth
Habil Klaus Blaum
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The development of ion traps has spurred significant experimental activities able to link measurable quantities to the most fundamental aspects of physics. The first chapter sets the scene and motivates the use of ion traps withan in-depth survey of the low-energy electroweak sector of the standard model amenable to precision test. The next parts then introduce and review aspects of the theory, simulation and experimental implementation of such traps. Lastbut not least, two important applications, na mely high resolution mass spectrometry in Penning traps and tests of fundamental physics - such as the CPT theorem - with trapped antiprotons are discussed. This volume bridges the gapbetween the graduate textbook and the research literature and will assi st graduate students and newcomers to the field in quickly entering and mastering the subject matter
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Low
Energy Precision Tests of Electroweak Theory
Principles of Ion Traps
Simulations for Ion Traps Methods and Numerical Implementation
Simulations for Ion Traps Buffer Gas Cooling
Highly
charged ions and high
resolution mass spectrometry in a Penning trap
Fundamental tests with trapped antiprotons
ISBN:9783540778172
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v749
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Molecular structure
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540769637:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The 2007 ESO Instrument Calibration Workshop [electronic resource] Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 23-26 January 2007
Author(s): Andreas Kaufer
Florian Kerber
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The 2007 ESO Instrument Calibration workshop brought together more than 120 participants with the objective to a) foster the sharing of information, experience and techniques between observers, instrument developers andinstrument operation teams, b) review the actual precision and limitations of the applied instrument calibration plans, and c) collect the current and future requirements by the ESO users. These present proceedings include the majorityof the workshops contributions and document the sta tus quo of instrument calibration at ESO in large detail. Topics covered are: Optical Spectro-Imagers, Optical Multi-Object Spectrographs, NIR and MIR Spectro-Imagers,High-Resolution Spectrographs, Integral Field Spectrographs, Adaptive Optics Instruments , Polarimetric Instruments, Wide Field Imagers, Interferometric Instruments as well as other crucial aspects such as data flow, quality control,data reduction software and atmospheric effects. It was stated in the workshop that calibration is a life-long learning process''. In this sense, this book will be a reference point for all future efforts to improve instrumentcalibration procedures in astronomy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Introduction
Part II Session 1: Optical Spectro
Imagers
Part III Session 2: Optical Multi
object Spectrographs
Part IV Session 3: Near
IR and mid
IR Spectro
Imagers
Part V Session 4: Data Flow and Data Reduction Software
Part VI Session 5: Adaptive Optics Instruments
Part VII Session 6: Integral Field Spectroscopy
Part VIII Session 7: High Resolution Spectroscopy
Part IX Session 8: Atmospheric Effects
Part X Session 9: Interferometric Instrumentation
Part XI Session 10: Polarimetry
Part XII Session 11: Wide Field Imagers
Part XIII Workshop Summary
ISBN:9783540769637
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:ESO Astrophysics Symposia European Southern Observatory, 1431-2433
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540766841:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Detection with Drift Chambers [electronic resource]
Author(s): Luigi Rolandi
Werner Riegler
Walter Blum
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This volume presents a thorough introduction to the theory and operation of drift chambers, one of the most important modern methods of elementary particle detection. The topics, presented in a text-book style with manyillustrations, include the basi cs of gas ionization, by particles and by lasers, drift of electrons and ions in gases and signal creation and discuss in depth the fundamental limits of accuracy and the issue of particle identification.The book also surveys all types of drift chambers a nd the various drift-chamber gases in use. The calculation of the device parameters and physical processes are presented in some detail, as is all necessary background material. Thusthe treatment, well beyond addressing the specialist in the field, is wel l suited to graduate physics students and nuclear engineers seeking a both thorough and pedagogical introduction to the field. The second edition presents acompletely revised, updated and expanded version of this classic text. In particular, significantly more material on electronic signal creation, amplification and shaping has been added
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Gas Ionization by Charged Particels and by Laser Rays
The Drift of Electrons and Ions in Gases
Electrostatics of Wire Grids and Field Cages
Amplification of Ionization
Creation of the Signal
Electronic Amplification and Shaping of the Signal
Coordinate Measurement and Fundamental Limits of Accuracy
Geometrical Track Parameters and Their Errors
Ion Gates
Particle Identification by Measurement of Ionization
Existing Drift Chambers
An Overview
Drift
Chamber Gases
ISBN:9783540766841
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Particle Acceleration and Detection, 1611-1052 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Electronics , Nuclear engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540754794:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Precision Physics of Simple Atoms and Molecules [electronic resource]
Author(s): Savely G Karshenboim
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This is the third in a series of topical-review volumes about the precision physics of simple atoms all published in LNP. The simplicity of atoms allows one to use them as a tool to explore effects beyond atomic physics rangingfrom fundamental consta nts and fundamental symmetries to particle and nuclear properties. This volume, like its predecessors, presents multidisciplinary treatments of important areas and new developments within precision physics. Itconcentrates on new topics and those not treat ed in the previous volumes. For example, on the proton structure and its effects on the energy levels, on simple molecules, on atoms somewhat more complicated than hydrogen (such aslithium), on exotic atoms and atoms with exotic nuclei. The book includes a foreword by Nobel Prize Laureate Theodor Hnsch
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Precision Measurements and Fundamental Constants
Proton Structure and Hydrogen Energy Levels
Atoms with Few Electrons
Exotic Atoms and Heavy Ions
Simple Molecules
ISBN:9783540754794
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v745
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540744337:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Vacuum Technology [electronic resource] : Practice for Scientific Instruments
Author(s): Nagamitsu Yoshimura
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nanotechnology has reached a level where almost every new development and even every new product uses features of nanoscopic properties of materials. As a consequence, an enormous amount of scientific instruments is used in orderto synthesize and ana lyze new structures and materials. Due to the surface sensitivity of such materials, many of these instruments require ultrahigh vacuum that has to be provided under extreme conditions like very high voltages. Inthis book, Yoshimura provides a review of t he UHV related development during the last decades. His very broad experience in the design enables him to present us this detailed reference. After a general description how to design UHVsystems, he covers all important issue in detail, like pumps, outga sing, Gauges, and Electrodes for high voltages. Thus, this book serves as reference for everybody using UVH in his scientific equipment
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Designing of Evacuation Systems
Vacuum Pumps
Simulation of Pressures in High
Vacuum Systems
Outgassing
Phenomena Induced by Electron Irradiation
Vacuum Gauges
Microdischarges in High Vacuum
Emitters for Fine Electron Probes
ISBN:9783540744337
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Engineering , Nanotechnology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540742562:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry: Recent Scientific Results and 2nd Generation Instrumentation [electronic resource] Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 4-8 April 2005
Author(s): A Richichi
F Delplancke
F Paresce
A Chelli
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Long-baseline interferometry has been traditionally regarded as a very technical method with a limited number of applications. At the turn of the millennium, with the introduction of large community-oriented facilities such as theVLTI, we are seeing a transformation into a major astronomical technique, with a corresponding dramatic increase in the number of publications. This book marks this transition, by providing a wide and deep insight into a large numberof diverse and compelling results recently obtained by long-baseline interferometers. It also provides an insight into concepts which form the basis of future instruments and further developments in this technique
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Science: Stars
stellar diameters, limb darkening, flattening, surface structures
Science: Stars
circumstellar matter, IR objects
Science: Stars
binaries and multiples
Science: Stars
Galactic centre, AGNs, astrometry, exo
planets and future targets
Instrumentation: Concepts for future interferometric fringe tracking
Instrumentation: 2nd Generation Instrumentation for the VLTI
Proposals
Instrumentation: Concepts for future interferometric instrumentation
Posters
Science
Posters
Instrumentation
ISBN:9783540742562
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Eso Astrophysics Symposia, European Southern Observatory, 1611-6143
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402065187:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Time Resolution Astrophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Don Phelan
Oliver Ryan
Andrew Shearer
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:High Time Resolution Astrophysics (HTRA) is an important new window to the universe and a vital tool in understanding a range of phenomena from diverse objects and radiative processes. This importance is demonstrated in thisvolume with the descriptio n of a number of topics in astrophysics, including quantum optics, cataclysmic variables, pulsars, X-ray binaries and stellar pulsations to name a few. Underlining this science foundation, technologicaldevelopments in both instrumentation and detectors ar e described. These instruments and detectors combined cover a wide range of timescales and can measure fluxes, spectra and polarisation. These advances make it possible for HTRA tomake a big contribution to our understanding of the Universe in the next de cade
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:High Time Resolution Astrophysics and Pulsars
High Time Resolution Observations of Cataclysmic Variables
High
Speed Optical Observations of X
ray Binaries
Stellar Pulsation, Subdwarf B Stars and High Time Resolution Astrophysics
High
Speed Optical Spectroscopy
Photonic Astronomy and Quantum Optics
ULTRACAM: An Ultra
Fast, Triple
Beam CCD Camera for High
Speed Astrophysics
OPTIMA: A High Time Resolution Optical Photo
Polarimeter
From QuantEYE to AquEYEInstrumentation for Astrophysics on its Shortest Timescales
Fast Spectroscopy and Imaging with the FORS2 HIT Mode
ISBN:9781402065187
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v351
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9780387786506:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Uncertainty in Physical Measurements [electronic resource] An Introduction to Data Analysis in the Physics Laboratory
Author(s): Paolo Fornasini
Date:2008
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:All measurements of physical quantities are affected by uncertainty. Understanding the origin of uncertainty, evaluating its extent and suitably taking it into account in data analysis is essential for assessing the degree ofaccuracy of phenomenologi cal relationships and physical laws in both scientific research and technological applications. The Uncertainty in Physical Measurements: An Introduction to Data Analysis in the Physics Laboratory presents anintroduction to uncertainty and to some of the most common procedures of data analysis. This book will serve the reader well by filling the gap between tutorial textbooks and highly specialized monographs. The book is divided intothree parts. The first part is a phenomenological introduction to measur ement and uncertainty: properties of instruments, different causes and corresponding expressions of uncertainty, histograms and distributions, and unifiedexpression of uncertainty. The second part contains an introduction to probability theory, random var iable distributions and basic statistical tools. The third part introduces the readers to some basic data analysis procedures:propagation of uncertainty, least squares fit, chi square test, and confidence intervals to name a few. The introduction of proba bility and statistical tools is made on phenomenological grounds, as a natural response to the problemsarising in the laboratory practice. The author has made a concentrated effort to guarantee both accuracy and clarity through the introduction of a large number of figures and worked examples, many of them taken from laboratoryexperimentations and practice. The book is enriched by the detailed proposal of several simple experiments. Paolo Fornasini is a Professor of Physics at the University of Trento, It aly. He is the author, with Giuseppe Dalba, ofEsercizi di Fisica: Meccanica e Termodinamica (Springer 2006).<
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Measurements and uncertainty
Physical quantites
Measurement units
Measuring instruments
Uncertainty in direct measurements
Probability and statistics
Basic probability concepts
Distributions of random variables
Statistical tools
Data analysis
Uncertainty in indirect measurements
Confidence levels
Correlation of physical quantities
Tests
Appendices
Systems of units
Tables
Representation of experimental data
Mathematical complements
General references
ISBN:9780387786506
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Statistical physics , Engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540734918:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science Perspectives for 3D Spectroscopy [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 10-14 October 2005
Author(s): Markus Kissler-Patig
Jeremy R Walsh
Martin M Roth
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume contains the proceedings of the last conference ever on integral-field spectroscopy. A daring statement, indicating that integral-field spectroscopy has evolved into a mature technique - a common user utility forastronomical research. Now adays many integral-field spectrographs are installed on 4m to 8-10m class telescopes around the world. While many of those instruments are referred to in this volume, the book is explicitly not dedicated totechnical issues, but is focusing on the scienti fic questions that can be answered with integral-field spectroscopy. These range from solar system studies all the way to high redshift surveys
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:3D Instrumentation
Solar System(s)
Nearby Galaxies
Lensing Studies
Intermediate z Galaxies
Centres of Galaxies
Emission Nebulae and resolved Populations
Extended Emission Line Regions
The high Redshift Universe
ISBN:9783540734918
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Eso Astrophysics Symposia European Southern Observatory, 1611-6143
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540734734:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Time in Quantum Mechanics [electronic resource]
Author(s): J.G Muga
R. Sala Mayato
.L Egusquiza
Date:2007
Edition:Second Edition
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The treatment of time in quantum mechanics is still an important and challenging open question in the foundation of the quantum theory. This book describes the problems, and the attempts and achievements in defining, formalizingand measuring differen t time quantities in quantum theory, such as the parametric (clock) time, tunneling times, decay times, dwell times, delay times, arrival times or jump times. This multi-authored book, written as an introductoryguide for newcomers to the subject, as well as a useful source of information for the expert, covers many of the open questions. After the brief historical overview in the introduction, 12 contributions are devoted to conceptual andtheoretical investigations as well as experimental issues in quantu m-mechanical time measurements. This novel monograph should attract physicists as well as philosophers of science working in the foundations of quantum physics. Forthis revised second edition, all chapters have been updated and extended where appropriate. From the reviews of the first edition: Beginning with a clear introduction to the perplexing issue of the nature of time in quantummechanics, the reader then undertakes a stimulating excursion through a sequence of chapters written by leading researchers . Theory and experiment are nicely balanced, and extensive lists of references accompany each chapter. []Furthermore, the book is enlightening from a sociological perspective to see how 'sides' of these controversies developed and later reconciled as unif ied approaches []. The Physicist, 39/5 (2002)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Characteristic Times in Scattering Theory
The Time
Energy Uncertainty Relation
Jump Time and Passage Time: the Duration of a Quantum Transition
Bohm Trajectory Approach to Timing Electrons
Decoherent Histories for Space
Time Domains
Quantum Traversal Time, Path Integrals and SuperluminalTunnelling
Quantum Clocks and Stopwatches
The Local Larmor Clock, Partial Densities of states, and Mesoscopic Physics
Standard Quantum Mechanical Approach to Times of Arrival
Experimental Issues in Quantum
mechanical Time Measurement
Microwave Experiments on Tunne
ISBN:9783540734734
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v734
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540681335:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Very High Resolution Photoelectron Spectroscopy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stefan Hfner
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Photoemission spectroscopy is one of the most extensively used methods to study the electronic structure of atoms, molecules, and solids and their surfaces. The present volume introduces and surveys the field at highest energy andmomentum resolutions allowing for a new range of applications, in particular for studies of high temperature superconductors. This book will be a valuable tool for anyone wishing to get acquainted with the state of the art in thefield
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Many
Body Effects
Low
Dimensional Systems
Ultimate Resolution
Molecules
High
Temperature Superconductors and Transition
Metal Oxides
High Energy and High Resolution
ISBN:9783540681335
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v715
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Molecular structure , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540490456:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particle Accelerator Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Helmut Wiedemann
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Particle Accelerator Physics is an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics. Part I gathers the basic tools, recalling the essentials of electrostatics andelectrodynamics as well as o f particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. Part II is an extensive primer in beam dynamics, followed in Part III by the introduction and description of the main beam parameters. Part IV is devoted to thetreatment of perturbations in beam dynamics. Par t V discusses the details of charged particle accleration. Part VI and Part VII introduce the more advanced topics of coupled beam dynamics and the description of very intense beams. PartVIII is an exhaustive treatment of radiation from accelerated charge s and introduces important sources of coherent radiation such as synchrotrons and free-electron lasers. Part IX collects the appendices gathering useful mathematicaland physical formulae, parameters and units. Solutions to many end-of-chapter problems are given. This textbook is suitable for an intensive two-semester course starting at the advanced undergraduate level
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Tools we Need
Beam Dynamics
Beam Parameters
Perturbations
Acceleration
Coupled Motion
Intense Beams
Synchrotron Radiation
Appendices
ISBN:9783540490456
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Electrodynamics , Nuclear engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540488781:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Processing in Precise Time and Frequency Applications [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michel Desaintfuscien
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Physical processes, involving atomic phenomena, allow more and more precise time and frequency measurements. This progress is not possible without convenient processing of the respective raw data. The book describes the dataprocessing at various leve ls: design of the time and frequency references, characterization of the time and frequency references, applications involving precise time and/or frequency references. The metrological properties stability,accuracy and reproducibility are defined and the processes leading to their characterization are shown. The various aspects of the variance of the frequency fluctuations are discussed and compared and their significance is given. Somemajor applications of the best frequency and time standards are final ly discussed. The way the extreme precision of these sources is used to obtain precise time and position information is shown: - Time scales, used to describe everyhuman and physical activities, such as astronomy, physical laws, etc. - Positioning systems , such as GPS - Very long base interferometry (VLBI)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I: Very High Performances Oscillators: The Two Parts of an Oscillator
Control of the Local Oscillator Frequency
Part II: Characterization of Very High Performances Oscillators: Accuracy
Reproducibility
Stability
Part III: Applications: Time and Frequency Metrology
Global Positioning System
Very Long Base Interferometry
Part IV: Appendix: Useful Integrals
Some Calculational Details
ISBN:9783540488781
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Data and Knowledge in a Changing World, 1431-2107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Physical geography , Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540397564:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exploring the Cosmic Frontier [electronic resource] : Astrophysical Instruments for the 21st Century
Author(s): Andrei P Lobanov
J. Anton Zensus
Catherine Cesarsky
Phillip J Diamond
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:In the coming decades, astrophysical science will benefit enormously from the construction and operation of several major international ground- and space based facilities, such as ALMA, Herschel/Planck, and SKA in the farinfrared to radio band, Extre mely Large Telescopes, JWST and GAIA in the optical to near infrared regime, XEUS and Constellation-X in the X-ray, and GLAST in the Gamma-ray regime. These and other new instruments will have a majorimpact in a wide range of scientific topics including t he cosmological epoch of reionization, galactic dynamics and nuclear activity, stellar astronomy, extra-solar planets, gamma-ray bursts, X-ray binaries, and many others. On May18-21, 2004, the Max-Planck-Societys Harnack-Haus in Dahlem, Berlin hosted the international symposium Exploring the Cosmic Frontier: Astrophysical Instruments for the 21st Century. The symposium in Berlin was dedicated toexploring the complementarity and synergies between different branches of astrophysical research, by presenting and discussing the fundamental scientific problems that will be addressed by major future astrophysical facilities in thenext few decades. This book contains 70 papers from the meeting and is intended to give a lasting account of a snapshot of an evolving scientific discourse and interaction throughout our field of research
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Future Astrophysical Facilities
Radio Astronomy Facilities
Future Optical and Near
Infrared Facilities
The New 40
m Radiotelescope of OAN in Yebes, Spain
Design of the Near
term Next Generation Space
VLBI Mission VSOP
2
Imaging Across the Spectrum: Synergies Between SKA and Other Future Telescopes
The Korean VLBI Network Project
Frequency Protection for the 21st Century
SCUBA
2: A Large
Format CCD
Style Imager for Submillimeter Astronomy
The Large Millimeter Telescope
An Overview of the Submillimeter Array Telescope
Tunable Heterodyne Receivers
A Promising Ou
ISBN:9783540397564
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:ESO Astrophysics Symposia European Southern Observatory, 1611-6143
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Relativity (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540302797:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Atomic and Nuclear Analytical Methods [electronic resource] : XRF, Mssbauer, XPS, NAA and B63Ion-Beam Spectroscopic Techniques
Author(s): H. R Verma
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book is a blend of analytical methods based on the phenomenon of atomic and nuclear physics. It comprises comprehensive presentations about X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), Mssbauer Spectroscopy (MS), X-ray PhotoelectronSpectroscopy (XPS), Neutron- Act ivation Analysis (NAA), Particle Induced X-ray Emission Analysis (PIXE), Rutherford Backscattering Analysis (RBS), Elastic Recoil Detection (ERD), Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA), Particle InducedGamma-ray Emission Analysis (PIGE), and Accelerator Mass Sp ectrometry (AMS). These techniques are commonly applied in the fields of medicine, biology, environmental studies, archaeology or geology et al. and pursued in majorinternational research laboratories
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. X
Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Particle
Induced X
Ray Emission (PIXE)
2. Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS)
3. Elastic Recoil Detection (ERD)
4. Mssbauer Spectroscopy (MS)
5. X
Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
6. Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA)
7. Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) and Proton
Induced Gamma
Ray Emission (PIGE)
8. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS)
ISBN:9783540302797
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Analytical biochemistry , Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Condensed matter , Electromagnetism , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540296089:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dealing with Uncertainties [electronic resource] : A Guide to Error Analysis
Author(s): Manfred Drosg
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Dealing with Uncertainties proposes and explains a new approach for the analysis of uncertainties. Firstly, it is shown that uncertainties are the consequence of modern science rather than of measurements. Secondly, it stressesthe importance of the d eductive approach to uncertainties. This perspective has the potential of dealing with the uncertainty of a single data point and of data of a set having differing weights. Both cases cannot be dealt with theinductive approach, which is usually taken. Thi s innovative monograph also fully covers both uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties. The weakness of using statistical weights in regression analysis is discussed. Abundant examplesare given for correlation in and between data sets and for the feedbac k of uncertainties on experiment design
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Basics on Data
Basics on Uncertainties (Errors)
Radioactive Decay, a Model for Random Events
Frequency and Probability Distributions
Deductive Approach to Uncertainty
Correlation
Dealing With Internal Uncertainties
Presentation and Estimation of Uncertainties
Feedback of Uncertainties on Experiment Design
ISBN:9783540296089
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402060182:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:X-Ray Lasers 2006 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th International Conference
Author(s): P.V Nickles
K.A Janulewicz
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The search for table-top and repetitive pump schemes during the last decade has been the driving force behind the spectacular advances demonstrated during the 10th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, organized in 2006 inBerlin. Since 1986, inte rnational experts have gathered every two years at this established conference to discuss the progress in theory, experiment and application of plasma-based soft X-ray lasers. Traditionally, the conferencesessions devoted to complementary and alternative sources of short wavelength radiation, such as high harmonics, XFEL or incoherent X-rays are organized so as to emphasize the role of X-ray laser research in relation to the other shortwavelength sources. Grazing incidence pumping (GRIP) and seeding with high harmonics were the dominant topics of the conference. High repetition rate and portable X-ray lasers were reported to have been applied in metrology andphotochemistry for the first time. The proceedings of this series of conferences constitute a comp rehensive source of reference of the acknowledged state-of the-art in this specific area of laser and plasma physics. Audience:Researchers and libraries
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Overview of Tabletop X
Ray Laser Development at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Advances in High Repetition Rate Soft X
Ray Laser: Lasing Down to 10.9 nm and High Brightness Operation of a Seeded Soft X
Ray Amplifier Using a Solid Target
Feasibility of 3.4 nm Laser Pumped by Ultraintense RBS Laser
Collisionally Pumped X
Ray Lasers for Shorter Wavelengths
Temporal Characterization of Attosecond Harmonic Pulses
Development of Multilayer Optics for EUV, Soft X
Ray and X
Ray Regions in IPOE
One Year of User Operation of FLASH, the Free
Electron Laser in Hamburg
Capi
ISBN:9781402060182
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v115
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases) , Electromagnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9781402055027:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optics of Biological Particles [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alfons Hoekstra
Valeri Maltsev
Gorden Videen
Date:2007
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:This book covers the optics of single biological particles, both theory and experiment, with emphasis on Elastic Light Scattering and Fluorescence. It deals with the optics of bacteria (bio-aerosols), marine particles (selectedphytoplankton communiti es) and red and white blood cells. Moreover, there are dedicated chapters on a general theory for scattering by a cell, and modelling and simulation of scattering by inhomogeneous biological cells. Finally, onechapter is dedicated to astro-biological sign atures, discussing the possibilities for detecting non-terrestrial biological material. The volume has up-to-date discussions on new experimental and numerical techniques, and many examplesof applications of these techniques in real-life systems, as used to detect and characterize e.g. biological warfare agents or human blood cells
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface. Light Scattering from a Cell
Modeling of Light Scattering from Three
Dimensional Inhomogeneous Biological Cells
Angularly Resolved Elastic Scatteringfrom Airborne Particles
Bio
aerosol fluorescence
Optical and Morphological Characterization of Selected Phytoplanktonic Communities
Astro
Biological Signatures
Modeling of Light Scattering by Single Red Blood Cells with the FDTD Method
Optics of Erythrocytes
Optics of Platelets
Optics of Leucocytes
Index
ISBN:9781402055027
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series, 1568-2609 : v238
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microbiology , Weights and measures , Electromagnetism , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9780387463285:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement Uncertainty [electronic resource] : An Approach via the Mathematical Theory of Evidence
Author(s): Simona Salicone
Date:2007
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The expression of uncertainty in measurement is a challenging aspect for researchers and engineers working in instrumentation and measurement because it involves physical, mathematical and philosophical issues. This problem isintensified by the limit ations of the probabilistic approach used by the current standard (GUM). This text is the first to make full use of the mathematical theory of evidence to express the uncertainty in measurements. It gives anoverview of the current standard, then pinpoints and constructively resolves its limitations through its unique approach. The text presents various tools for evaluating uncertainty, beginning with the probabilistic approach andconcluding with the expression of uncertainty using random-fuzzy variables. The exposition is driven by numerous examples. The book is designed for immediate use and application in research and laboratory work. Prerequisites forstudents include courses in statistics and measurement science. Apart from a classroom setting, this bo ok can be used by practitioners in a variety of fields (including applied mathematics, applied probability, electrical and computerengineering, and experimental physics), and by such institutions as the IEEE, ISA, and National Institute of Standards and T echnology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Uncertainty in Measurement
Fuzzy Variables and Measurement Uncertainty
The Theory of Evidence
Random
Fuzzy Variables
Construction of Random
Fuzzy Variables
Fuzzy Operators
The Mathematics of Random
Fuzzy Variables
Representation of Random
Fuzzy Variables
Decision
Making Rules with Random
Fuzzy Variables
List of Symbols
ISBN:9780387463285
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series in Reliability Engineering, 1614-7839
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Distribution (Probability theory) , Weights and measures , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783764376055:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Shift-invariant Uniform Algebras on Groups [electronic resource]
Author(s): Suren A Grigoryan
Thomas V Tonev
Date:2006
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:The central subject of the book - the theory of shift-invariant algebras - is an outgrowth of the established theory of generalized analytic functions. Associated subalgebras of almost periodic functions of real variables and ofbounded analytic funct ions on the unit disc are carried along within the general framework. In particular, it is shown that the algebra of almost periodic functions with spectrum in a semigroup of the reals does not have ahalf-plane-corona if and only if all non-negative semic haracters of the semigroup are monotone decreasing, or equivalently, if and only if the strong hull of the semigroup coincides with the positive half of its group envelope. Underthe same conditions the corresponding subalgebra of bounded analytic function s on the disc has neither a half-plane-corona nor a disc-corona. There are given characterizations of semigroups such that classical theorems of complexanalysis hold on the associated shift-invariant algebras. Bourgain algebras, orthogonal measures, and p rimary ideals of big disc algebras are described. The notion of a harmonic function is extended on compact abelian groups, andcorresponding Fatou-type theorems are proven. Important classes of inductive limits of standard uniform algebras, including Blasc he algebras, are introduced and studied. In particular, it is shown that algebras of hyper-analyticfunctions, associated with families of inner functions, do not have a big-disc-corona
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
1. Banach Algebras and Uniform Algebras
2. Three Classical Families of Functions
3. Groups and Semigroups
4. Shift
invariant Algebras on Compact Groups
5. Extension of Semicharacters and Additive Weights
6. G
disc Algebras
7. Harmonicity on Groups and G
discs
8. Shift
invariant Algebras and Inductive Limit Algebras on Groups
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783764376055
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Monografie Matematyczne, Instytut Matematyczny Polskiel Akademii Nauk (IMPAN) : v68
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Functional analysis , Functions of complex variables , Operator theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540464969:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dynamics and Thermodynamics with Nuclear Degrees of Freedom [electronic resource]
Author(s): Philippe Chomaz
Francesca Gulminelli
Wolfgang Trautmann
Sherry J Yennello
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The study of nuclear reaction dynamics and thermodynamics with nuclear degrees of freedom has progressed dramatically in the past 20 years, from inclusive charge distributions to exclusive isotopically resolved fragmentobservables and from schematic phenomenological break-up models to sophisticated quantum many-body transport theories. A coherent and quantitative understanding of reaction mechanisms and of the underlying nuclear matter equation ofstate is emerging from the analysis of experimental da ta and from the theoretical modeling of heavy ion reactions. In addition, the accumulated evidence for phenomena related to the liquid-gas phase transition of nuclear matter hastriggered interdisciplinary activities and the transfer of useful methods. In the near future, the availability of radioactive beam facilities is expected to provide unique opportunities for extending our knowledge of the dynamicproperties and the nuclear phase diagram towards exotic nuclear systems with important astrophysical imp lications. The present volume is the outcome of a community-wide review of the field of dynamics and thermodynamics with nucleardegrees of freedom which has been initiated two years ago. The achievements and the outstanding open questions are presented in 26 articles of together 61 authors and collected in six topical sections. All authors are internationallyrecognized experts in their fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Transport Properties
Decay Properties
Isospin Properties
Signals of Phase Transition
Challenges and Perspectives
ISBN:9783540464969
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540373544:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Scientific Legacy of Beppo Occhialini [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pietro Redondi
Giorgio Sironi
Pasquale Tucci
Guido Vegni
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The Year 2007 marks the centenary of the birth of Guiseppe Beppo Occhialini, one of the pioneers of cosmic ray and space physics in Europe, and in Italy in particular. Occhialini, beyond being known as a skilled administratorand strong advocate of Eu ropean Space Sciences, is co-discoverer of the pion in 1948. The present volume collects reviews, essays and personal reminiscences on Occhialini's scientific life and work. Through these recollections thereader will also gain a vivid impression of the pi oneering days of elementary particle physics when new detection methods emerged, like the triggered cloud chamber and nuclear emulsions - two techniques perfected by Occhialini - whichmade progress on comic ray physics possible in the first place
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Short Biography
The Occhialini
Dilworth Archive
Part I: Scientific Life
Part II: Today's Scientific Perspectives
Part III: Personal Reminiscences
Appendices
ISBN:9783540373544
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Physics History
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540343134:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Collective Phenomena in Synchrotron Radiation Sources [electronic resource] : Prediction, Diagnostics, Countermeasures
Author(s): Shaukat Khan
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book helps to dispel the notion that collective phenomena, which have become increasingly important in modern storage rings, are an obscure and inaccessible topic. Despite an emphasis on synchrotron light sources, the basicconcepts presented her e are valid for other facilities as well. Graduate students, scientists and engineers working in an accelerator environment will find this to be a systematic exposition of the principles behind collectiveinstabilities and lifetime-limiting effects. Experi mental methods to identify and characterize collective effects are also surveyed. Among other measures to improve the performance of a projected or existing facility, a detailedaccount of feedback control of instabilities is given
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1. Introduction
2. Collective Instabilities
3. The Lifetime of a Stored Electron Beam
4. Measures against Collective Effects
5. Conclusions and Outlook
A. Basic Relations in Accelerator Physics
B. Third
Generation Synchrotron Radiation Sources
C. Longitudinal Instabilities
Vlasov Formalism
D. Beam Loading
E. Longitudinal and Trasverse Kickers
F. The Touschek Effect
G. Ion Effects in Electron Storage Rings
ISBN:9783540343134
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540337874:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Euroschool Lectures on Physics with Exotic Beams, Vol. II [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jim Al-Khalili
Ernst Roeckl
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is the second volume in a series of Lecture Notes based on the highly succesful Euro Summer School on Exotic Beams. The aim of these notes is to provide a thorough introduction to radioactive ion-beam physics at the level ofgraduate students and young postdocs starting out in the field. Each volume covers a range of topics from nuclear theory to experiment and applications. Vol I has been published as LNP 651, ISBN 3-540-22399-1
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Nuclear Halos and Experiments to Probe Them
Isotope Separtion On
Line and Post Acceleration
Gamma
Ray Arrays: Past, Present and Future
Nuclear Moments
Spallation Reactions in Applied and Fundamental Research
ISBN:9783540337874
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v700
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Nuclear physics , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540332428:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Magnetism: A Synchrotron Radiation Approach [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eric Beaurepaire
Herv Bulou
Fabrice Scheurer
Jean-Paul Kappler
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume contains the edited lectures of the fourth Mittelwihr school on Magnetism and Synchrotron Radiation. This series of events introduces graduate students and nonspecialists from related disciplines to the field ofmagnetism and magnetic mate rials with emphasis on synchrotron radiation as an experimental tool of investigation. These lecture notes present in particular the state of the art regarding the analysis of magnetic properties of newmaterials
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Magnetism
Spectroscopies: an Introduction
Dynamic Aspects of Magnetism
X
Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism: Historical Perspective and Recent Highlights
Synchrotron Radiation
Bands Structure Theory of Dichroism
Hitchhiker`s Guide to Multiplet Calculations
Resonant X
Ray Sattering: A Theoretical Introduction
Magnetic Imaging
High Angle Magnetic X
Ray Diffraction
Spin
Polarized Photoemission
Molecular Magnetism
Magnetism Under Pressure With Synchrotron Radiation
X
Ray Spectroscopy and Magnetism in Mineralogy
Materials for Spintronics
ISBN:9783540332428
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v697
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Magnetism
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540328438:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The 2nd International Conference on Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics [electronic resource] Refereed and selected contributions Debrecen, Hungary May 1620, 2005
Author(s): Zsolt Flp
Gyrgy Gyrky
Endre Somorjai
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Launched in 2004, Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics has established itself in a successful topical conference series addressing the forefront of research in the field. This volume contains the selected and refereed papers ofthe 2nd conference, held in Debrecen in 2005 and reprinted from The European Physical Journal A - Hadrons and Nuclei
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Big
Bang Nucleosynthesis
Big bang nucleosynthesis in the new cosmology
Neutrino Physics
Salty neutrinos from the Sun
Prospects in double beta decay searches
Search for rare processes with DAMA/LXe experiment at Gran Sasso
On the importance of low
energy beta beams for supernova neutrino physics
Neutrino
nucleon scattering rates in protoneutron stars and nuclear correlations in the spin S = 1 channel
From DAMA/NaI to DAMA/LIBRA at LNGS
Searching for Majorana neutrinos with double beta decay and with beta beams
Interactions of the solar neutrinos with the deuterons
ISBN:9783540328438
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540328414:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Hadron Collider Physics 2005 [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 1st Hadron Collider Physics Symposium, Les Diablerets, Switzerland, July 4-9, 2005
Author(s): Xin Wu
Allan Clark
Mario Campanelli
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The Hadron Collider Physics Symposia (HCP) are a new series of conferences that follow the merger of the Hadron Collider Conferences with the LHC Symposia series, with the goal of maximizing the shared experience of the Tevatronand LHC communities. T his book gathers the proceedings of the first symposium, HCP2005 and reviews the state-of-the-art in the key physics directions of experimental hadron collider research: - QCD physics - precision electroweakphysics - c-, b-, and t-quark physics - physics beyond the Standard Model - heavy ion physics The present volume will serve as a reference for everyone working in the field of accelerator-based high-energy physics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:QCD Physics
Precision Electroweak Physics
Results on c
, b
, and t
Quark Physics
Probing for Physics Beyond the Standard Model
Heavy Ion Physics (RHIC and LHC)
ISBN:9783540328414
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings Physics, 0930-8989 : v108
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Nuclear physics , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540317203:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Data Analysis Using the Method of Least Squares [electronic resource] : Extracting the Most Information from Experiments
Author(s): John Wolberg
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The preferred method of data analysis of quantitative experiments is the method of least squares. Often, however, the full power of the method is overlooked and very few books deal with this subject at the level that it deserves.The purpose of Data A nalysis Using the Methods of Least Squares is to fill this gap and include the type of information required to help scientists and engineers apply the method to problems in their special fields of interest. Inaddition, graduate students in science and eng ineering doing work of experimental nature can benefit from this book. Particularly, both linear and non-linear least squares, the use of experimental error estimates for data weighting,procedures to include prior estimates, methodology for selecting and testing models, prediction analysis, and some non-parametric methods are discussed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Method of Least Squares
Model Evaluation
Candidate Predictors
Designing Quantitative Experiments
Software
Kernel Regression
ISBN:9783540317203
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Statistics , Weights and measures , Economics Statistics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540283331:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Pixel Detectors [electronic resource] : From Fundamentals to Applications
Author(s): Leonardo Rossi
Peter Fischer
Tilman Rohe
Norbert Wermes
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Pixel detectors are a particularly important class of particle and radiation detection devices. They have an extremely broad spectrum of applications, ranging from high-energy physics to the photo cameras of everyday life. Thisbook is a general purpo se introduction into the fundamental principles of pixel detector technology and semiconductor-based hybrid pixel devices. Although these devices were developed for high-energy ionizing particles and radiationbeyond visible light, they are finding new app lications in many other areas. This book will therefore benefit all scientists and engineers working in any laboratory involved in developing or using particle detection
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Sensor
The Front End Electronics
Integration and System Aspects
Pixel Detector Applications
Trends and New Developments for Pixel Detectors
ISBN:9783540283331
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Particle Acceleration and Detection, 1611-1052
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Weights and measures , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540277682:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems [electronic resource] : Physical Principles and Crystal Engineering
Author(s): Paul Lecoq
Alexander Annenkov
Alexander Gektin
Mikhail Korzhik
Christian Pedrini
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The development of new scintillators as components of modern detector systems is increasingly defined by the end user's needs. This book provides an introduction to this emerging topic at the interface of physics and materialssciences, with emphasis on bulk inorganic scintillators. After surveying the end user's needs in a vast range of applications, ranging from astrophysics to industrial R & D, the authors move on to review scintillating mechanisms andthe properties of the most important materials used. A chapter on crystal engineering and examples of recent developments in the field of high-energy physics and medical imaging introduce the reader to the practical aspects. This bookwill benefit researchers and scientists working in academic and indu strial R & D related to the development of scintillators
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
How User`s Requirements Influence the Development of Scintillators
Scintillation Mechanism in Inorganic Scintillators
Degradation of Scintillator Properties By Crystal Structure Defects
Crystal Engineering
Two Examples of Recent Crystal Development
ISBN:9783540277682
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Particle Acceleration and Detection, 1611-1052
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear medicine , Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Condensed matter , Surfaces (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9783540264040:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Peter Strehl
Date:2006
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This treatise covers all aspects of the design and the daily operations of a beam diagnostic system for a large particle accelerator. A very interdisciplinary field, it involves contributions from physicists, electrical andmechanical engineers and co mputer experts alike so as to satisfy the ever-increasing demands for beam parameter variability for a vast range of operation modi and particles. The author draws upon 40 years of research and work, most ofthem spent as the head of the beam diagnostics g roup at GSI. He has illustrated the more theoretical aspects with many real-life examples that will provide beam instrumentation designers with ideas and tools for their work
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Beam Intensity Measurements
Thermal Aspects
Beam Profile Measurements
Measurements with Capacitive or Inductive Pick
Ups
Measurements in the Phase Spaces
The Longitudial Phase Plane
The Electromagnetic Fields of Bunches
Beam Loss Monitoring
ISBN:9783540264040
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Particle Acceleration and Detection, 1611-1052
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Electronics , Nuclear engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9781402037504:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry [electronic resource] : Theoretical and Practical Applications in Polymer Characterisation
Author(s): Mike Reading
Douglas J Hourston
Date:2006
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:MTDSC provides a step-change increase in the power of calorimetry to characterize virtually all polymer systems including curing systems, blends and semicrystalline polymers. It enables hidden transitions to be revealed,miscibility to be accurately a ssessed, and phases and interfaces in complex blends to be quantified. It also enables crystallinity in complex systems to be measured and provides new insights into melting behaviour. All of this isachieved by a simple modification of conventional DSC. I n 1992 a new calorimetric technique was introduced that superimposed a small modulation on top of the conventional linear temperature program typically used in differentialscanning calorimetry. This was combined with a method of data analysis that enabled the samples response to the linear component of the temperature program to be separated from its response to the periodic component. In this way,for the first time, a signal equivalent to that of conventional DSC was obtained simultaneously with a measur e of the samples heat capacity from the modulation. The new information this provided sparked a revolution in scanningcalorimetry by enabling new insights to be gained into almost all aspects of polymer characteristics. This book provides both a basic and advanced treatment of the theory of the technique followed by a detailed exposition of itsapplication to reacting systems, blends and semicrystalline polymers by the leaders in all of these fields. It is an essential text for anybody interested in calori metry or polymer characterization, especially if they have found thatconventional DSC cannot help them with their problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword. 1. Theory and Practice of Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
2. The Application of Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry for the Characterisation of Curing Systems
3. Application of Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry to Polymer Blends and Related Systems
4. The Application of Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry to Polymer Melting
References. Subject Index
ISBN:9781402037504
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Hot Topics in Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 1571-3105 : v6
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Polymers , Pharmacy , Life sciences , Weights and measures , Thermodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2006-9780387300900:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Numerical and Practical Exercises in Thermoluminescence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Vasilis Pagonis
George Kitis
Claudio Furetta
Date:2006
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Thermoluminescence (TL) is a well-established technique widely used in dosimetric and dating applications. Although several excellent reference books exist which document both the theoretical and experimental aspects of TL, thereis a general lack of books that deal with specific numerical and practical aspects of analyzing TL data. Many times the practical details of analyzing numerical TL glow curves and of applying theoretical models are difficult to find inthe published literature. Numerical and P ractical Exercises in Thermoluminescence provides a practical guide for both established researchers and for new graduate students entering the field of TL, and is intended to be used inconjunction with and as a practical supplement to standard textbooks in the field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
List of Figures
List of Tables
Expressions for Evaluating the Kinetics Parameters
Analysis of Thermoluminescence Data
Simple TL Models Using Excel and Mathematica
TL Dose Response Models Using Mathematica
Miscellaneous Applications of Thermoluminescence
References
Annotated Bibliography
Appendix: Overview of Mathematica
Index
ISBN:9780387300900
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiotherapy , Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Biomedical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540324102:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Parametric X-Ray Radiation in Crystals [electronic resource] : Theory, Experiment and Applications
Author(s): Vladimir Baryshevsky
Ilya Feranchuk
Alexander Ulyanenkov
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This systematic and comprehensive monograph is devoted to parametric X-ray radiation (PXR). This radiation is generated by the motion of electrons inside a crystal, whereby the emitted photons are diffracted by the crystal and theradiation intensity critically depends on the parameters of the crystal structure. Nowadays PXR is the subject of numerous theoretical and experimental studies throughout the world. The first part of the book is a theoretical treatmentof PXR, which includes a new approach to describe the radiation process in crystals. The second part is a survey of PXR experimental results and the possible applications of PXR as a tool for crystal structure analysis and a source oftunable X-ray radiation
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Theory: Electromagnetic Radiation from a Charged Particle in a Crystal
Qualitative Consideration
Radiation of a Charged Particle in Periodic Media
Classical Theory
Quantum Electrodynamics in a Crystal
Experiments and Applications: Characteristics of PXR from Relativistic Electrons
Special Cases of PXR Generation
X
Ray Radiation from Nonrelativistic Particles
Prospective PXR Applications
Collective Effects in PXR within a High
Current Electron Beam
ISBN:9783540324102
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v213
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Crystallography , Electrodynamics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540319153:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 14th Conference, April 1114, 2005, Oxford, UK
Author(s): A. G Cullis
J. L Hutchison
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This is a long-established international biennial conference series, organised in conjunction with the Royal Microscopical Society, Oxford, the Institute of Physics, London and the Materials Research Society, USA. The 14thconference in the series foc used on the most recent advances in the study of the structural and electronic properties of semiconducting materials by the application of transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The latestdevelopments in the use of other important microcharacteri sation techniques were also covered and included the latest work using scanning probe microscopy and also X-ray topography and diffraction. Developments in materials science andtechnology covering the complete range of elemental and compound semiconductor s are described in this volume
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540319153
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v107
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry , Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540316053:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Science with Adaptive Optics [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the ESO Workshop Held at Garching, Germany, 16-19 September 2003
Author(s): Wolfgang Brandner
Markus E Kasper
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The field of Adaptive Optics (AO) for astronomy has matured in recent years, and diffraction-limited image resolution in the near-infrared is now routinely achieved by ground-based 8 to 10m class telescopes. This book presents theproceedings of the E SO Workshop on Science with Adaptive Optics held in the fall of 2003. The book provides an overview on AO instrumentation, data acquisition and reduction strategies, and covers observations of the sun, solar systemobjects, circumstellar disks, substellar companions, HII regions, starburst environments, late-type stars, the galactic center, active galaxies, and quasars. The contributions present a vivid picture of the multitude of science topicsbeing addressed by AO in observational astronomy
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Adaptive Optics Instrumentation, Data Acquisition and Reduction Strategies
The Sun and (Exo
)Planets
Star Formation and Brown Dwarfs
Evolved Stars
Galactic Center and AGN
Galaxies and Cosmology
ISBN:9783540316053
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:ESO Astrophysics Symposia, 1431-2433
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Physical optics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540288121:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Intense Electron and Ion Beams [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sergey Ivanovich Molokovsky
Aleksandr Danilovich Sushkov
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Intense Ion and Electron Beams treats intense charged-particle beams used in vacuum tubes, particle beam technology and experimental installations such as free electron lasers and accelerators. It addresses, among other things,the physics and basic t heory of intense charged-particle beams computation and design of charged-particle guns and focusing systems multiple-beam charged-particle systems and experimental methods for investigating intense particlebeams. The coverage is carefully balanced betwee n the physics of intense charged-particle beams and the design of optical systems for their formation and focusing. It can be recommended to all scientists studying or applying vacuumelectronics and charged-particle beam technology, including students, en gineers and researchers
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:to Particle
Beam Formation
Methods of Fields Calculation
Fundamentals of Charged
Particle Motion
Motion of Intense Charged
Particle Beams
Electron Guns
Electron and Ion Sources with Field and Plasma Emitters
Magnetic Focusing Systems
Electrostatic Focusing Systems
Optical Systems of Technological Installations
Intense Relativistic Charged
Particle Beams
Multiple
Beam Electron
Optical Systems
Methods of Experimental Investigation of Beams
ISBN:9783540288121
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration , Electrodynamics , Electronics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540273196:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement Uncertainties in Science and Technology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Michael Grabe
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:At the turn of the 19th century, Carl Friedrich Gau founded error calculus by predicting the then unknown position of the planet Ceres. Ever since, error calculus has occupied a place at the heart of science. In this book,Grabe illustrates the breakd own of traditional error calculus in the face of modern measurement techniques. Revising Gau error calculus ab initio, he treats random and unknown systematic errors on an equal footing from the outset.Furthermore, Grabe also proposes what may be called w ell defined measuring conditions, a prerequisite for defining confidence intervals that are consistent with basic statistical concepts. The resulting measurement uncertainties are asrobust and reliable as required by modern-day science, engineering and te chnology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Characterization, Combination and Propagation of Errors
Basic Ideas of Measurement
Formalization of Measuring Processes
Densities of Normal Parent Distributions
Estimators and Their Expectations
Combination of Measurement Errors
Propagation of Measurement Errors
Least Squares Adjustment
Least Squares Formalism
Consequences of Systematic Errors
Uncertainties of Least Squares Estimators
Special Linear and Linearized Systems
Systems with Two Parameters
Systems with Three Parameters
Special Metrology Systems
ISBN:9783540273196
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540271680:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VIII [electronic resource] : The Science and Technology of High-Velocity Impact
Author(s): Lalit C Chhabildas
Lee Davison
Yasuyuki Horie
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Research in the field of shock physics and ballistic impact has always been intimately tied to progress in development of facilities for accelerating projectiles to high velocity and instrumentation for recording impact phenomena.The chapters of this book, written by leading US and European experts, cover a broad range of topics and address researchers concerned with questions of material behaviour under impulsive loading and the equations of state of matter,as well as the design of suitable instrume ntation such as gas guns and high-speed diagnostics. Applications include high-speed impact dynamics, the inner composition of planets, syntheses of new materials and materials processing.Among the more technologically-oriented applications treated is the testing of the flight characteristics of aeroballistic models and the assessment of impacts in the aerospace industry
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Light
Gas Gun Technology: An Historical Perspective
Scaling and Designing Large Bore Two
Stage Guns for Use at High Velocities
Electrically Powered Accelerators
Techniques to Launch Projectiles and Plates to Very High Velocities
Sabot Designs for Aeroballistics Research
Time
Resolved Gauges for Measurements of Shock Waves in Solids
History of High Speed Photography and Photonics as Applied to Ballistics
High Speed Diagnostics for Ballistics and Explosive Studies
Recent Developments in Shock Wave Research
ISBN:9783540271680
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:High-Pressure Shock Compression of Condensed Matter
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Thermodynamics , Condensed matter , Mechanical engineering
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540270959:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electrostatic Accelerators [electronic resource] : Fundamentals and Applications
Author(s): Ragnar Hellborg
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Electrostatic accelerators are an important and widespread subgroup within the broad spectrum of modern, large particle acceleration devices. They are specifically designed for applications that require high-quality ion beams interms of energy stabil ity and emittance at comparatively low energies (a few MeV). Their ability to accelerate virtually any kind of ion over a continuously tunable range of energies make them a highly versatile tool for investigationsin many research fields including, but not limited to, atomic and nuclear spectroscopy, heavy ion reactions, accelerator mass spectroscopy as well as ion-beam analysis and modification. The book is divided into three parts. The firstpart concisely introduces the field of accelerator technology an d techniques that emphasize their major modern applications. The second part treats the electrostatic accelerator per se: its construction and operational principles aswell as its maintenance. The third part covers all relevant applications in which elect rostatic accelerators are the preferred tool for accelerator-based investigations. Since some topics are common to all types of accelerators,Electrostatic Accelerators will also be of value those more familiar with other types of accelerators
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Accelerators
to Part I Accelerators
Accelerators an Introduction
Accelerators for Medicine
Accelerators for Synchrotron Radiation
The Electrostatic Accelerator
to Part II the Electrostatic Accelerator
History of the Electrostatic Accelerator
Electrostatics
Calculation Technique for High
Voltage Equipment in Gas
Charging Systems
Development of Charging Belts in Russia
Cascade Generators
Voltage Distribution Systems Resistors and Corona Points
Accelerator Tubes
Development of Tubes in Obninsk, Russia
Stabilization
Stripper System
ISBN:9783540270959
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Particle Acceleration and Detection, 1611-1052
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540269113:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Digital Holography [electronic resource] : Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques
Author(s): Ulf Schnars
Werner Jueptner
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book presents a self-contained treatment of the principles and major applications of digital hologram recording and numerical reconstruction (Digital Holography). The first part deals with optical foundations and the theoryof holography. The nex t section describes how to record holograms directly with an electronic sensor (CCD) and describes the various reconstruction techniques. A special chapter is designated to digital holographic interferometry withapplications in deformation and shape measu rement and refractive index determination. Applications in imaging and microscopy are also described. The next part discusses special techniques such as digital light-in-flight holography,holographic endoscopy, information encrypting and comparative holog raphy. In the last chapter related techniques of speckle metrology are treated briefly
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Fundamentals Principles of Holography
Digital Holography
Digital Holographic Interferometry (DHI)
Digital Holographic Microscopy
Special Techniques and Applications
Speckle Metrology
ISBN:9783540269113
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Engineering , Computer vision , Weights and measures , Physical optics , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540268383:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Learning About Particles 50 Privileged Years [electronic resource]
Author(s): Jack Steinberger
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Embedded in an autobiographic framework, this book retraces vividly and in some depth the golden years of particle physics as witnessed by one of the scientists who made seminal contributions to the understanding of what is nowknown as the Standard M odel of particle physics. Well beyond a survey of interest to historians of sciences and researchers in the field, this book is a must for all students and young researchers who have learned about the theoreticaland experimental facts that make up the sta ndard model through modern textbooks only. It will provide the interested reader with a first hand account and deeper understanding of the multilayered and sinuous development that finally ledto the present architecture of this theory
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Origins and Education
Institute for Advanced Study, 19481949, Theory
Berkeley, 19491950, Accelerators
Properties of Pi Mesons
Strange Particles and Bubble Chambers
Neutrinos I
CP Violation
Neutrinos, II
Experiments with the LEP e+e? Collider
ISBN:9783540268383
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Particles (Nuclear physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540266679:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Excimer Laser Technology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Dirk Basting
Gerd Marowsky
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This comprehensive survey on Excimer Lasers investigates the current range of the technology, applications and devices of this commonly used laser source, as well as the future of new technologies, such as F2 laser technology.Additional chapters on o ptics, devices and laser systems complete this compact handbook. A must read for laser technology students, process application researchers, engineers or anyone interested in excimer laser technology. Aneffective and understandable introduction to the cur rent and future status of excimer laser technology
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Part I Fundamentals: Some Fundamentals of Laser Physics
Principles of Excimer Lasers
Design and Technology of Excimer Lasers
Specially Designed Excimer Lasers
Excimer Lasers for Microlithography
Laser Beam Characterization
Optical Coatings for Excimer Laser Applications
Small Structures with Large Excimer Lasers
Part II Applications: Overview
Ablative Micro
Fabrication
Micro
Processing of Borosilicate Glass and Polymers
F2
Laser Microfabrication for Photonics and Biophotonics
Nano
Structuring with Femtosecond Excimer Laser Pulses
Physical
ISBN:9783540266679
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical organic , Weights and measures , Electromagnetism , Laser physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9783540265764:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Charged Particle Traps [electronic resource] : Physics and Techniques of Charged Particle Field Confinement
Author(s): Fouad G Major
Viorica N Gheorghe
Gnther Werth
Date:2005
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides an introduction and guide to modern advances in charged particle (and antiparticle) confinement by electromagnetic fields. Confinement in different trap geometries, the influence of trap imperfections, classicaland quantum mechanic al description of the trapped particle motion, different methods of ion cooling to low temperatures, and non-neutral plasma properties (including Coulomb crystals) are the main subjects. They form the basis of suchapplications of charged particle traps as high-resolution optical and microwave spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, atomic clocks, and, potentially, quantum computing
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
The Paul Trap
The Penning Trap
Other Traps
Loading of Traps
Trapped Charged Particle Detection
Quantum States of Motion
Coherent States for Dynamical Groups
State Engineering and Reconstruction
Trapped Ion Temperature
Radiative Cooling
Buffer Cooling
Resistive Cooling
Laser Cooling
Adiabatic Cooling
Trapped Non
Neutral Plasma
Plasma Oscillations
Coulomb Crystals
Sympathetic Crystallization
Appendices
ISBN:9783540265764
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics, 1615-5653 : v37
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402038815:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources [electronic resource] : A Second Workshop on the Nature of the High-Energy Unidentified Sources
Author(s): K.S Cheng
G.E Romero
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nearly one half of the point-like gamma-ray sources detected by EGRET instrument of the late Compton satellite are still defeating our attempts at identifying them. To establish the origin and nature of these enigmatic sources hasbecome a major probl em of current high-energy astrophysics. The second workshop on Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-ray Sources intends to shed new and fresh light on the problem of the nature of these mysterious sourcesand the objects behind them. The proceedi ngs contain 46 contributed papers in this subject, which cover theoretical models on gamma-ray sources as well as the best multiwavelength strategies for the identification of the promisingcandidates. The topics of this conference also include energetic p henomena ocurring both in galactic and extragalactic scenarios, phenomena that might lead to the appearance of what we have called high-energy unidentified sources. Thebook will be of interest for all active researchers in the high-energy astrophysics and related research areas as well as for scientists and graduate students interested in understanding the recent progress in this field
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402038815
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402038440:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:ISO Science Legacy [electronic resource] : A Compact Review of ISO Major Achievements
Author(s): Catherine Cesarsky
Alberto Salama
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Stars are born and die in clouds of gas and dust, opaque to most types of radiation, but transparent in the infrared. Requiring complex detectors, space missions and cooled telescopes, infrared astronomy is the last branch of thisdiscipline to come o f age. After a very successful sky survey performed in the eighties by the IRAS satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, in the nineties, brought spectacular advances in the understanding of the processes givingrise to powerful infrared emission by a gr eat variety of celestial sources. Outstanding results have been obtained on the bright comet Hale-Bopp, and in particular of its water spectrum, as well as on the formation, chemistry anddynamics of planetary objects in the solar system. Ideas on the earl y stages of stellar formation and on the stellar initial mass function have been clarified. ISO is the first facility in space able to provide a systematic diagnosisof the physical phenomena and the chemistry in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using, among other indicators, molecular hydrogen, ubiquitouscrystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has dramatically increased our ability to investigate the power production, excitation and fuelling mechanism of galaxies of every type, and has discovered a new very cold dust component ingalaxies. ISO has demonstrated that luminous infrared galaxies were brighter and much more numerous in the past, and that they played a domin ant role in shaping present day galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents Foreword. General. Crystalline Silicates. Water in Space The Water World of ISO. Molecular Hydrogen. Understanding galaxy formation with ISO deep surveys
Solar System. The planets and Titan observed by ISO. Comets. Asteroids and Zodiacal Light as seen by ISO
Stars and circumstellar matter. ISO observations of Pre
Stellar Cores and Young Stellar Objects. Pre
Main Sequence Stars seen by ISO. Debris discs around stars: The 2004 ISO legacy. Late stages of Stellar Evolution
Interstellar Medium. The Cool Interstellar Medium. High excitation ISM and gas. The Ice Survey
ISBN:9781402038440
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Molecular structure
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9781402037481:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutrinos and Explosive Events in the Universe [electronic resource]
Author(s): Maurice M Shapiro
Todor Stanev
John P Wefel
Date:2005
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This volume contains the Lectures and selected participant contributions to the 14th Course of the International School of Cosmic Rays Astrophysics, a NATO Advanced Study Institute. Well known astrophysicists and astronomersdiscuss different aspects of the generation of high energy signals in powerful astrophysical objects concentrating on the production of neutrinos and gamma rays from high energy particle interactions. Recent results from newexperiments and observatories are presented. Topics cover a wide range including the Spitzer infrared observatory, TeV gamma ray observations, dark matter, and neutrino telescopes. The combination of basic knowledge about theproduction of high energy signals with information about the data analysis of ongoing o bservations places the book between the usual levels of a textbook and a conference proceedings. It will give the reader a good introduction to thecurrent field of astroparticle physics, and some of the fascinating astrophysics being addressed
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the contents: Dedication. Preface
Contemporary Challenges in Astrophysics and Cosmology
Explosive Events and their Aftermath
High Energy Gamma Ray and Neutrino Astronomy
Energetic Particles: from the Heliosphere to the Galaxy and Beyond
Participants
Index
ISBN:9781402037481
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:NATO Science Series, II. Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, 1568-2609 : v209
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387376257:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) [electronic resource] Mission Description and Early Results
Author(s): G Rottman
T Woods
V George
Date:2005
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book describes the state-of-the art instruments for measuring the solar irradiance from soft x-ray to the near infrared and the total solar irradiance. Furthermore, the SORCE mission and early results on solar variability arepresented along with papers that provide an overview of solar influences on Earth
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9780387376257
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Weights and measures , Astrophysics , Climatic changes
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Call number:SPRINGER-2005-9780387291437:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement Errors and Uncertainties [electronic resource] : Theory and Practice
Author(s): Semyon G Rabinovich
Date:2005
Edition:Third Edition
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Measurement Errors and Uncertainties addresses the most important problems that physicists and engineers encounter when estimating errors and uncertainty. Building from the fundamentals of measurement theory, the author developsthe theory of accuracy of measurements and offers a wealth of practical recommendations and examples of applications. This new edition covers a wide range of subjects, including: - Basic concepts of metrology - Measuring instrumentscharacterization, standardization and calibra tion -Estimation of errors and uncertainty of single and multiple measurements - Modern probability-based methods of estimating measurement uncertainty With this new edition, the authorcompletes the development of the new theory of indirect measurements. This theory provides more accurate and efficient methods for processing indirect measurement data. It eliminates the need to calculate the correlation coefficient -a stumbling block in measurement data processing - and offers for the first time a way to o btain the confidence intervals. In other words, this new theory provides means to calculate a well-grounded estimate of measurement uncertaintyfor this complex but widely used type of measurements. Acclaim for previous editions: Extremely useful to metrol ogists and to anyone interested in measurement errors (MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY) I suggest that everytechnical library should own a copy of Measurement Errors. Serious experimentalists whose interests are broad will surely want to examine the bo ok with the intent of buying it. (Applied Mechanics Review)
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:General information about measurements
Measuring instruments and their properties
Prerequisites for the analysis of the inaccuracy of measurements and for synthesis of their components
Statistical methods for experimental data processing
Direct measurements
Indirect measurements
Examples of Measurements and Measurement Data Processing
Combined measurements
Combining the results of measurements
Calculation of the errors of measuring instruments
Problems in the theory of calibration
Conclusions
ISBN:9780387291437
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Chemistry Mathematics , Biology Mathematics , Weights and measures
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Call number:SPRINGER-2003-9783642573385:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Developments in Robust Statistics International Conference on Robust Statistics 2001
Author(s):
Date:2003
Size:1 online resource (431 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-57338-5
Contents:Robust Time Series Estimation via Weighted Likelihood -- An Exchange Algorithm for Computing the Least Quartile Difference Estimator -- Selected Algorithms for Robust M— and L—Regression Estimators -- A Simple Test to Identify Good
Solutions of Redescending M Estimating Equations for Regression -- Algorithms to Compute CM- and S-Estimates for Regression -- Quantile Models and Estimators for Data Analysis -- Estimation in the Generalized Poisson Model via Robust
Testing -- A Comparison of Some New Measures of Skewness -- Robust Inference Based on Quasi-likelihoods for Generalized Linear Models and Longitudinal Data -- Robust Tools in SAS -- Robustness Issues Regarding Content-corrected
Tolerance Limits -- Breakdown-point for Spatially and Temporally Correlated Observations -- On Marginal Estimation in a Semiparametric Model for Longitudinal Data with Time-independent Covariates -- Robust PCA for High-dimensional Data
-- Robustness Analysis in Forecasting of Time Series -- Lift-zonoid and Multivariate Depths -- Asymptotic Distributions of Some Scale Estimators in Nonlinear Models -- Robust Nonparametric Regression and Modality -- Computing a High
Depth Point in the Plane -- Robust Portfolio Optimization -- BootQC: Bootstrap for Robust Analysis of Aviation Safety Data -- Optimal Weights of Evidence with Bounded Influence -- Robust Estimators for Estimating Discontinuous
Functions -- Breakdown Point and Computation of Trimmed Likelihood Estimators in Generalized Linear Models -- Comparison of Three Methods for Robust Redundancy Analysis -- A Test for Normality Based on Robust Regression Residuals --
Tests on Fractional Cointegration -- Robust Linear Discriminant Analysis and the Projection Pursuit Approach -- Small Sample Corrections for LTS and MCD -- Computation of the Multivariate Oja Median -- Robust Estimation in the Linear
Structural Relation Model: A Study on Tuning Constants -- Control Charts for the Median and Interquartile Range -- Unbiasedness in Least Quantile Regression -- Tests of Independence Based on Sign and Rank Covariances -- Java and
Computing for Robust Statistics -- A Robust Hotelling Test
ISBN:9783642573385
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Mathematics , Computer programming , Mathematical statistics , Database management , Probabilities , Statistics , Econometrics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Database Management , Programming Techniques , Statistical Theory and Methods , Econometrics , Probability and Statistics in Computer Science
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Call number:SPRINGER-2002-9783034882194:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Operator Methods in Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations S. Kovalevsky Symposium, University of Stockholm, June 2000
Author(s):
Date:2002
Size:1 online resource (424 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8219-4
Contents:I. Sonja Kovalevsky -- Curriculum Vitae -- Scientific publications -- Sophie Kovalevsky -- Sonja Kovalevsky: Her life and professorship at Stockholm -- Rigid bodies and the Bordin Prize -- The limitations of the Cauchy-Kovalevsky
theorem -- II. Research papers -- On integrability of many-body problems with point interactions -- Generalized point models in boundary contact value problems of hydroelasticity -- Some spectral properties of the Heun differential
equation -- On the approximation of the solution of the Schrodinger equation by superpositions of stationary solutions -- Lyapunov exponents in continuum Bernoulli-Anderson models -- Families of spectral measures with mixed types --
Singular point-like perturbations of the Laguerre operator in a Pontryagin space -- Realizations of Herglotz-Nevanlinna functions via F-systems -- Integral equations of relativistic bound state theory and Sturm-Liouville problem -- The
non-relativistic scattering problem for a superposition of ä-potentials -- On the periodic magnetic Schrodinger operator in Rd. Eigenvalues and model functions -- The Laplace operator, null set perturbations and boundary conditions --
Ergodicity in the p-adic framework -- On the resolvent estimates for the generators of strongly continuous groups in the Hilbert spaces -- Supersymmetry of the Sturm—Liouville and Korteveg—de Vries operators -- Resonance triadic
quantum switch -- The Hamilton operator and quantum vacuum for nonconformal scalar fields in the homogeneous and isotropic space -- Boundary conditions for singular perturbations of self-adjoint operators -- Asymptotical and
topological constructions in hydrodynamics -- Spectral aspects of a class of differential operators -- Spectral properties of Jacobi matrices with rapidly growing power-like weights -- Kovalevskaya’s dynamics and Schrodinger equations
of Henn class -- Effective quantum number for centrally symmetric potentials -- List of participants -- List of lecture titles
ISBN:9783034882194
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Operator Theory: Advances and Applications : 132
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Physics , Mathematics , Analysis , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2001-9781461301219:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Elements of Statistical Disclosure Control
Author(s): Leon Willenborg
Date:2001
Size:1 online resource (261 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-0121-9
Contents:1 Overview of the Area -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Types of Variables -- 1.3 Types of Microdata -- 1.4 Types of Tabular Data -- 1.5 Introduction to SDC for Microdata and Tables -- 1.6 Intruders and Disclosure Scenarios -- 1.7
Information Loss -- 1.8 Disclosure Protection Techniques for Microdata -- 1.9 Disclosure Protection Techniques for Tables -- 2 Disclosure Risks for Microdata -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Microdata -- 2.3 Disclosure Scenario -- 2.4
Predictive Disclosure -- 2.5 Re-identification Risk -- 2.6 Risk Per Record and Overall Risk -- 2.7 Population Uniqueness and Unsafe Combinations -- 2.8 Modeling Risks with Discrete Key Variables -- 2.9 Disclosure Scenarios in Practice
-- 2.10 Combinations to Check -- 3 Data Analytic Impact of SDC Techniques on Microdata -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 The Variance Impact of SDC Procedures -- 3.3 The Bias Impact of SDC Procedures -- 3.4 Impact of SDC Procedures on Methods
of Estimation -- 3.5 Information Loss Measures Based on Entropy -- 3.6 Alternative Information Loss Measures -- 3.7 MSP for Microdata -- 4 Application of Non-Perturbative SDC Techniques for Microdata -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Local
Suppression -- 4.3 Global Recoding -- 5 Application of Perturbative SDC Techniques for Microdata -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Overview -- 5.3 Adding Noise -- 5.4 Rounding -- 5.5 Derivation of PRAM Matrices -- 5.6 Data Swapping -- 5.7
Adjustment Weights -- 6 Disclosure Risk for Tabular Data -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Disclosur e Risk for Tables of Magnitude Tables -- 6.3 Disclosure Risk for Frequency Count Tables -- 6.4 Linked Tables -- 6.5 Protection Intervals for
Sensitive Cells -- 6.6 Sensitivity Rules for General Tables -- 7.2 Information Loss Based on Cell Weights -- 7.3 MSP for Tables -- 7.4 Entropy Considerations -- 8 Application of Non-Perturbative Techniques for Tabular Data -- 8.1
Introduction -- 8.2 Table Redesign -- 8.3 Cell Suppression -- 8.4 Some Additional Cell Suppression Terminology -- 8.5 Hypercube Method -- 8.6 Secondary Suppression as an LP-Problem -- 8.7 Secondary Suppression as a MIP -- 8.8 Cell
Suppression in Linked Tables -- 8.9 Cell Suppression in General Two-Dimensional Tables -- 8.10 Cell Suppression in General Three-Dimensional Tables -- 8.11 Comments on Cell Suppression -- 9 Application of Perturbative Techniques for
Tabular Data -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Adding Noise -- 9.3 Unrestricted Rounding -- 9.4 Controlled Rounding -- 9.5 Controlled Rounding by Means of Simulated Annealing -- 9.6 Controlled Rounding as a MIP -- 9.7 Linked Tables --
References
ISBN:9781461301219
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 155
Keywords: Statistics , Statistics , Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9783540451686:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nonlinear Potential Theory and Weighted Sobolev Spaces
Author(s): Bengt Ove Turesson
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (180 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0103908
Contents:Introduction -- Preliminaries: Notation and conventions. Basic results concerning weights -- Sobolev spaces: The Sobolev space $W^(mp) w (/Omega)$. The Sobolev space $W^(mp) w (/Omega)$. Hausdorff measures. Isoperimetric inequalities.
Some Sobolev type inequalities. Embeddings into L^q µ(Û) -- Potential theory: Norm inequalities for fractional integrals and maximal functions. Meyers' Theory for Lp-capacities. Bessel and Riesz capacities. Hausdorff capacities.
Variational capacities. Thinness: The case 1< p
ISBN:9783540451686
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics: 1736
Keywords: Mathematics , Partial differential equations , Potential theory (Mathematics) , Mathematics , Potential Theory , Partial Differential Equations
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Call number:SPRINGER-2000-9781461204978:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Theory of Bergman Spaces
Author(s): Haakan Hedenmalm
Date:2000
Size:1 online resource (289 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-0497-8
Contents:1 The Bergman Spaces -- 1.1 Bergman Spaces -- 1.2 Some Lp Estimates -- 1.3 The Bloch Space -- 1.4 Duality of Bergman Spaces -- 1.5 Notes -- 1.6 Exercises and Further Results -- 2 The Berezin Transform -- 2.1 Algebraic Properties --
2.2 Harmonic Functions -- 2.3 Carleson-Type Measures -- 2.4 BMO in the Bergman Metric -- 2.5 A Lipschitz Estimate -- 2.6 Notes -- 2.7 Exercises and Further Results -- 3 Ap -Inner Functions -- 3.1 Ap? -Inner Functions -- 3.2 An Extremal
Problem -- 3.3 The Biharmonic Green function -- 3.4 The Expansive Multiplier Property -- 3.5 Contractive Zero Divisors in Ap -- 3.6 An Inner-Outer Factorization Theorem for Ap -- 3.7 Approximation of Subinner Functions -- 3.8 Notes --
3.9 Exercises and Further Results -- 4 Zero Sets -- 4.1 Some Consequences of Jensen’s Formula -- 4.2 Notions of Density -- 4.3 The Growth Spaces A-? and A-? -- 4.4 A-? Zero Sets, Necessary Conditions -- 4.5 A-? Zero Sets, a Sufficient
Condition -- 4.6 Zero Sets for AP? -- 4.7 The Bergman-Nevanlinna Class -- 4.8 Notes -- 4.9 Exercises and Further Results -- 5 Interpolation and Sampling -- 5.1 Interpolation Sequences for AT-? -- 5.2 Sampling Sets for A-? -- 5.3
Interpolation and Sampling in Ap? -- 5.4 Hyperbolic Lattices -- 5.5 Notes -- 5.6 Exercises and Further Results -- 6 Invariant Subspaces -- 6.1 Invariant Subspaces of Higher Index -- 6.2 Inner Spaces in A2? -- 6.3 A Beurling-Type
Theorem -- 6.4 Notes -- 6.5 Exercises and Further Results -- 7 Cyclicity -- 7.1 Cyclic Vectors as Outer functions -- 7.2 Cyclicity in Ap Versus in A-? -- 7.3 Premeasures for Functions in A-? -- 7.4 Cyclicity in A-? -- 7.5 Notes -- 7.6
Exercises and Further Results -- 8 Invertible Noncyclic Functions -- 8.1 An Estimate for Harmonic Functions -- 8.2 The Building Blocks -- 8.3 The Basic Iteration Scheme -- 8.4 The Mushroom Forest -- 8.5 Finishing the Construction --
8.6 Two Applications -- 8.7 Notes -- 8.8 Exercises and Further Results -- 9 Logarithmically Subharmonic Weights -- 9.1 Reproducing Kernels -- 9.2 Green Functions with Smooth Weights -- 9.3 Green Functions with General Weights -- 9.4 An
Application -- 9.5 Notes -- 9.6 Exercises and Further Results -- References
ISBN:9781461204978
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Graduate Texts in Mathematics: 199
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Mathematics , Analysis
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Call number:SPRINGER-1999-9781447108054:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Scientific Unit Conversion A Practical Guide to Metrication
Author(s): François Cardarelli
Date:1999
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (488 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4471-0805-4
Contents:1 Introduction -- 1.1 Why a Conversion Handbook -- 1.2 How to Use This Book -- 2 The International System of Units -- 2.1 History -- 2.2 The General Conference on Weights and Measures -- 2.3 Organization of the SI -- 2.4 SI Prefixes
-- 3 Other Systems of Units -- 3.1 MTS, MKpS, MKSA -- 3.2 Cgs, Gauss, IEUS, a.u -- 3.3 British and American Systems of Units -- 3.4 The Foot-Pound-Second (FPS) System -- 3.5 Ancient and Obsolete Systems of Weights and Measures -- 4
Conversion Tables -- 4.1 Units in Alphabetical Order -- 4.2 Conversion Tables Listed by Physical Quantities -- 5 Fundamental Constants -- 5.1 Fundamental Mathematical Constants -- 5.2 Fundamental Physical Constants -- 6 Appendices --
6.1 Greek Alphabet -- 6.2 Roman Numerals -- 6.3 Rules about Large Numbers (>1 000 000) -- 6.4 Date and Time Numerical Representation -- 6.5 National, Regional and International Standardization Bodies -- 6.6 Acceleration Due to Gravity
at any Latitude and Elevation -- 6.7 International Practical Temperature Scale (IPTS, 1968) -- 6.8 International Temperature Scale (ITS-90) -- 6.9 French-English Lexicon for Units -- 6.10 French-English Lexicon for Physical Quantities
-- 6.11 Old Alchemical Symbols Used in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Biology -- 6.12 Old Symbols Used in the British System -- 7 Bibliography -- 7.1 Specific References -- 7.2 References About the Metric System and the SI -- 7.3 References
of General Interest -- 7.4 Historical References -- 7.5 International and National Standards
ISBN:9781447108054
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Computer science , Civil engineering , Electrical engineering , Physics , Physics, general , Electrical Engineering , Civil Engineering , Computer Science, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9783662033296:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Logarithmic Potentials with External Fields
Author(s): Edward B Saff
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (505 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-03329-6
Contents:Preliminaries -- Weighted Potentials -- Recovery of Measures, Green Functions and Balayage -- Weighted Polynomials -- Determination of the Extremal Measure -- Extremal Point Methods -- Weights on the Real Line -- Applications
Concerning Orthogonal Polynomials -- Signed Measures
ISBN:9783662033296
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften, A Series of Comprehensive Studies in Mathematics: 316
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Functions of complex variables , Potential theory (Mathematics) , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Physics , Mathematics , Analysis , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Applications of Mathematics , Potential Theory , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics , Functions of a Complex Variable
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9783642979668:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organizing Maps
Author(s): Teuvo Kohonen
Date:1997
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (426 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97966-8
Contents:1. Mathematical Preliminaries -- 1.1 Mathematical Concepts and Notations -- 1.2 Distance Measures for Patterns -- 1.3 Statistical Pattern Recognition -- 1.4 The Subspace Methods of Classification -- 1.5 The Robbins-Monro Stochastic
Approximation -- 1.6 Dynamically Expanding Context -- 2. Justification of Neural Modeling -- 2.1 Models, Paradigms, and Methods -- 2.2 On the Complexity of Biological Nervous Systems -- 2.3 Relation Between Biological and Artificial
Neural Networks -- 2.4 What Functions of the Brain Are Usually Modeled? -- 2.5 When Do We Have to Use Neural Computing? -- 2.6 Transformation, Relaxation, and Decoder -- 2.7 Categories of ANNs -- 2.8 Competitive-Learning Networks --
2.9 Three Phases of Development of Neural Models -- 2.10 A Simple Nonlinear Dynamic Model of the Neuron -- 2.11 Learning Laws -- 2.12 Brain Maps -- 3. The Basic SOM -- 3.1 The SOM Algorithm in the Euclidean Space -- 3.2 The
“Dot-Product SOM” -- 3.3 Preliminary Demonstrations of Topology-Preserving Mappings -- 3.4 Basic Mathematical Approaches to Self-Organization -- 3.5 Initialization of the SOM Algorithms -- 3.6 On the “Optimal” Learning-Rate Factor --
3.7 Effect of the Form of the Neighborhood Function -- 3.8 Magnification Factor -- 3.9 Practical Advice for the Construction of Good Maps -- 3.10 Examples of Data Analyses Implemented by the SOM -- 3.11 Using Gray Levels to Indicate
Clusters in the SOM -- 3.12 Derivation of the SOM Algorithm in the General Metric -- 3.13 What Kind of SOM Actually Ensues from the Distortion Measure? -- 3.14 Batch Computation of the SOM (“Batch Map”) -- 3.15 Further Speedup of SOM
Computation -- 4. Physiological Interpretation of SOM -- 4.1 Two Different Lateral Control Mechanisms -- 4.2 Learning Equation -- 4.3 System Models of SOM and Their Simulations -- 4.4 Recapitulation of the Features of the Physiological
SOM Model -- 5. Variants of SOM -- 5.1 Overview of Ideas to Modify the Basic SOM -- 5.2 Adaptive Tensorial Weights -- 5.3 Tree-Structured SOM in Searching -- 5.4 Different Definitions of the Neighborhood -- 5.5 Neighborhoods in the
Signal Space -- 5.6 Dynamical Elements Added to the SOM -- 5.7 Operator Maps -- 5.8 Supervised SOM -- 5.9 The Adaptive-Subspace SOM (ASSOM) -- 5.10 Feedback-Controlled Adaptive-Subspace SOM (FASSOM) -- 6. Learning Vector Quantization
-- 6.1 Optimal Decision -- 6.2 The LVQ1 -- 6.3 The Optimized-Learning-Rate LVQ1 (OLVQ1) -- 6.4 The LVQ2 (LVQ2.1) -- 6.5 The LVQ3 -- 6.6 Differences Between LVQ1, LVQ2 and LVQ3 -- 6.7 General Considerations -- 6.8 The Hypermap-Type LVQ
-- 6.9 The “LVQ-SOM” -- 7. Applications -- 7.1 Preprocessing of Optic Patterns -- 7.2 Acoustic Preprocessing -- 7.3 Process and Machine Monitoring -- 7.4 Diagnosis of Speech Voicing -- 7.5 Transcription of Continuous Speech -- 7.6
Texture Analysis -- 7.7 Contextual Maps -- 7.8 Organization of Large Document Files -- 7.9 Robot-Arm Control -- 7.10 Telecommunications -- 7.11 The SOM as an Estimator -- 8. Hardware for SOM -- 8.1 An Analog Classifier Circuit -- 8.2
Fast Digital Classifier Circuits -- 8.3 SIMD Implementation of SOM -- 8.4 Transputer Implementation of SOM -- 8.5 Systolic-Array Implementation of SOM -- 8.6 The COKOS Chip -- 8.7 The TInMANN Chip -- 9. An Overview of SOM Literature --
9.1 General -- 9.2 Early Works on Competitive Learning -- 9.3 Status of the Mathematical Analyses -- 9.4 Survey of General Aspects of the SOM -- 9.5 Modifications and Analyses of LVQ -- 9.6 Survey of Diverse Applications of SOM -- 9.7
Applications of LVQ -- 9.8 Survey of SOM and LVQ Implementations -- 9.9 New References in the Second Edition -- 10. Glossary of “Neural” Terms -- References
ISBN:9783642979668
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Information Sciences: 30
Keywords: Computer science , Neurosciences , Data mining , Artificial intelligence , Mathematics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Electrical engineering , Computer Science , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) , Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery , Neurosciences , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Communications Engineering, Networks , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9783034889223:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Carleson Curves, Muckenhoupt Weights, and Toeplitz Operators
Author(s): Albrecht Böttcher
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (400 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-0348-8922-3
Contents:1 Carleson curves -- 1.1 Definitions and examples -- 1.2 Growth of the argument -- 1.3 Seifullayev bounds -- 1.4 Submultiplicative functions -- 1.5 The W transform -- 1.6 Spirality indices -- 1.7 Notes and comments -- 2 Muckenhoupt
weights -- 2.1 Definitions -- 2.2 Power weights -- 2.3 The logarithm of a Muckenhoupt weight -- 2.4 Symmetric and periodic reproduction -- 2.5 Portions versus arcs -- 2.6 The maximal operator -- 2.7 The reverse Hölder inequality -- 2.8
Stability of Muckenhoupt weights -- 2.9 Muckenhoupt condition and W transform -- 2.10 Oscillating weights -- 2.11 Notes and comments -- 3 Interaction between curve and weight -- 3.1 Moduli of complex powers -- 3.2 U and V transforms --
3.3 Muckenhoupt condition and U transform -- 3.4 Indicator set and U transform -- 3.5 Indicator functions -- 3.6 Indices of powerlikeness -- 3.7 Shape of the indicator functions -- 3.8 Indicator functions of prescribed shape -- 3.9
Notes and comments -- 4 Boundedness of the Cauchy singular integral -- 4.1 The Cauchy singular integral -- 4.2 Necessary conditions for boundedness -- 4.3 Special curves and weights -- 4.4 Brief survey of results on general curves and
weights -- 4.5 Composing curves and weights -- 4.6 Notes and comments -- 5 Weighted norm inequalities -- 5.1 Again the maximal operator -- 5.2 The Calderón-Zygmund decomposition -- 5.3 Cotlar’s inequality -- 5.4 Good ? inequalities --
5.5 Modified maximal operators -- 5.6 The maximal singular integral operator -- 5.7 Lipschitz curves -- 5.8 Measures in the plane -- 5.9 Cotlar’s inequality in the plane -- 5.10 Maximal singular integrals in the plane -- 5.11
Approximation by Lipschitz curves -- 5.12 Completing the puzzle -- 5.13 Notes and comments -- 6 General properties of Toeplitz operators -- 6.1 Smirnov classes -- 6.2 Weighted Hardy spaces -- 6.3 Fredholm operators -- 6.4 Toeplitz
operators -- 6.5 Adjoints -- 6.6 Two basic theorems -- 6.7 Hankel operators -- 6.8 Continuous symbols -- 6.9 Classical Toeplitz matrices -- 6.10 Separation of discontinuities -- 6.11 Localization -- 6.12 Wiener-Hopf factorization --
6.13 Notes and comments -- 7 Piecewise continuous symbols -- 7.1 Local representatives -- 7.2 Fredholm criterion -- 7.3 Leaves and essential spectrum -- 7.4 Metamorphosis of leaves -- 7.5 Logarithmic leaves -- 7.6 General leaves -- 7.7
Index and spectrum -- 7.8 Semi-Fredholmness -- 7.9 Notes and comments -- 8 Banach algebras -- 8.1 General theorems -- 8.2 Operators of local type -- 8.3 Algebras generated by idempotents -- 8.4 An N projections theorem -- 8.5 Algebras
associated with Jordan curves -- 8.6 Notes and comments -- 9 Composed curves -- 9.1 Extending Carleson stars -- 9.2 Extending Muckenhoupt weights -- 9.3 Operators on flowers -- 9.4 Local algebras -- 9.5 Symbol calculus -- 9.6 Essential
spectrum of the Cauchy singular integral -- 9.7 Notes and comments -- 10 Further results -- 10.1 Matrix case -- 10.2 Index formulas -- 10.3 Kernel and cokernel dimensions -- 10.4 Spectrum of the Cauchy singular integral -- 10.5 Orlicz
spaces -- 10.6 Mellin techniques -- 10.7 Wiener-Hopf integral operators -- 10.8 Zero-order pseudodifferential operators -- 10.9 Conformal welding and Haseman’s problem -- 10.10 Notes and comments
ISBN:9783034889223
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Progress in Mathematics : 154
Keywords: Mathematics , Operator theory , Mathematics , Operator Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461563334:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Consensus Under Fuzziness
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (303 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4615-6333-4
Contents:1. Introductory Sections -- Consensus, negotiation and mediation -- Fuzziness and the normative theory of social choice -- Types and measures of uncertainty -- 2. Tools and Techniques for Measuring and Monitoring Consensus Reaching --
“Soft” degrees of consensus under fuzzy preferences and fuzzy majorities -- An approach to the consensus reaching support in fuzzy environment -- The dichotomous approach to soft consensus measurement -- Consensus based on fuzzy
coincidence for group decision making in linguistic setting -- Modeling preference relations and consensus in a linguistic environment: an approach based on OWA operators -- 3. New Paradigms and Architectures for Modeling Consensus
Reaching -- Protocol for negotiations among multiple intelligent agents -- The development of fuzzy consensus via neural modelling -- 4. Auxiliary Formal Tools and Techniques for Modeling Consensus Reaching -- Consensus for
decomposable measures -- Construction of fuzzy utility functions in group decision making -- Problem solving with multiple interdependent criteria -- Lexicographical solutions in n-person cooperative games with multiple scenarios -- 5.
Applications and Case Studies -- Identification of ideological dimensions under fuzziness: the case of Poland -- Determining weights of research topics on the basis of expert judgments. The case of Systems Research Institute
ISBN:9781461563334
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:International Series in Intelligent Technologies: 10
Keywords: Business , Operations research , Decision making , Mathematical logic , Business and Management , Operation Research/Decision Theory , Mathematical Logic and Foundations
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Call number:SPRINGER-1997-9781461218623:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Classical and Modern Branching Processes
Author(s):
Date:1997
Size:1 online resource (342 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-1862-3
Contents:Large deviation rates for supercritical and critical branching processes -- How fast does a general branching random walk spread? -- Boltzmann-Gibbs weights in the branching random walk -- Stochastic monotonicity and branching
processes -- Multilevel multitype branching models of an information system -- On the shape of the wavefront of branching random walk -- Limiting distributions in branching processes with two types of particles -- Depth—first search of
random trees, and Poisson point processes -- Towards dependence in general branching processes -- A criterion of boundedness of discrete branching random walk -- Quasistationarity in a branching model of division-within-division --
Population and density dependent branching processes -- Directed polymers in random media and spin glass models on trees. -- A conceptual proof of the Kesten-Stigum theorem for multi-type branching processes -- On two measures defined
on the boundary of a branching tree -- Which critically branching populations persist? -- A simple path to Biggins’ martingale convergence for branching random walk -- Unsolved problems concerning random walks on trees -- Branching
processes with local dependencies -- Sharpness of second moment criteria for branching and tree-indexed processes -- On the recognition and structure of probability generating functions -- Record values of a family of branching
processes -- Limit skeleton for critical crump-mode-Jagers branching processes -- Markov cascades -- Limit theorems for branching processes with random migration stopped at zero
ISBN:9781461218623
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications: 84
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes
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Call number:SPRINGER-1996-9781461240280:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Statistical Disclosure Control in Practice
Author(s): Leon Willenborg
Date:1996
Size:1 online resource (154 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4612-4028-0
Contents:1 Introduction to Statistical Disclosure Control -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 The increasing importance of SDC -- 1.3 The Problems -- 2 Principles -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Basic Concepts -- 2.3 Preliminaries on the SDC for Microdata
-- 2.4 The Philosophy of SDC for Microdata -- 2.5 The World According to a Releaser of Microdata -- 2.6 SDC for Tables -- 3 Policies and Case Studies -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Options for Data Dissemination -- 3.3 SDC Policy for
Microdata of Various Statistical Offices -- 3.4 The Netherlands: WSA -- 3.5 Great Britain: Samples of Anonymized Records -- 3.6 Eurostat -- 3.7 Luxemburg Income Study -- 4 Microdata -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 SDC rules -- 4.3 SDC for
Microdata Sets in Practice -- 5 Microdata: Backgrounds -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Estimation of Population Frequencies -- 5.3 Continuous Variables -- 5.4 Global Recoding and Local Suppression -- 5.5 Sampling Weights -- 5.6 The
Re-identification Risk of an Entire Microdata Set -- 6 Tabular Data -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Tables with Magnitude Data -- 6.3 Sensitive Cells in Frequency Count Data -- 6.4 Disclosure Control Measures -- 6.5 Recommendations -- 6.6
Linked Tables -- 7 Tabular Data: Backgrounds -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Sensitivity Measures -- 7.3 Secondary Cell Suppression -- 7.4 Stochastic Rounding -- 7.5 Linked Tables -- 8 Loose Ends -- References
ISBN:9781461240280
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Lecture Notes in Statistics: 111
Keywords: Mathematics , Probabilities , Statistics , Mathematics , Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes , Statistics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1995-9783642976100:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organizing Maps
Author(s): Teuvo Kohonen
Date:1995
Size:1 online resource (362 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-97610-0
Contents:1. Mathematical Preliminaries -- 1.1 Mathematical Concepts and Notations -- 1.2 Distance Measures for Patterns -- 1.3 Statistical Pattern Recognition -- 1.4 The Robbins-Monro Stochastic pproximation -- 1.5 The Subspace Methods of
Classification -- 1.6 Dynamically Expanding Context -- 2. Justification of Neural Modeling -- 2.1 Models, Paradigms, and Methods -- 2.2 On the Complexity of Biological Nervous Systems -- 2.3 Relation Between Biological and Artificial
Neural Networks -- 2.4 What Functions of the Brain Are Usually Modeled? -- 2.5 When Do We Have to Use Neural Computing? -- 2.6 Transformation, Relaxation, and Decoder -- 2.7 Categories of ANNs -- 2.8 Competitive-Learning Networks --
2.9 Three Phases of Development of Neural Models -- 2.10 A Simple Nonlinear Dynamic Model of the Neuron -- 2.11 Learning Laws -- 2.12 Brain Maps -- 3. The Basic SOM -- 3.1 The SOM Algorithm in the Euclidean Space -- 3.2 The
“Dot-Product SOM” -- 3.3 Preliminary Demonstrations of Topology-Preserving Mappings -- 3.4 Basic Mathematical Approaches to Self-Organization -- 3.5 Initialization of the SOM Algorithms -- 3.6 On the “Optimal” Learning-Rate Factor --
3.7 Effect of the Form of the Neighborhood Function -- 3.8 Magnification Factor -- 3.9 Practical Advice for the Construction of Good Maps -- 3.10 Examples of Data Analyses Implemented by the SOM -- 3.11 Using Gray Levels to Indicate
Clusters in the SOM -- 3.12 Derivation of the SOM Algorithm in the General Metric -- 3.13 What Kind of SOM Actually Ensues from the Distortion Measure? -- 3.14 Batch Computation of the SOM (“Batch Map”) -- 4. Physiological
Interpretation of SOM -- 4.1 Two Different Lateral Control Mechanisms -- 4.2 Learning Equation -- 4.3 System Models of SOM and Their Simulations -- 4.4 Recapitulation of the Features of the Physiological SOM Model -- 5. Variants of SOM
-- 5.1 Overview of Ideas to Modify the Basic SOM -- 5.2 Adaptive Tensorial Weights -- 5.3 Tree-Structured SOM in Searching -- 5.4 Different Definitions of the Neighborhood -- 5.5 Neighborhoods in the Signal Space -- 5.6 Dynamical
Elements Added to the SOM -- 5.7 Operator Maps -- 5.8 Supervised SOM -- 5.9 Adaptive-Subspace SOM (ASSOM) for the Implementation of Wavelets and Gabor Filters -- 5.10 Feedback-Controlled Adaptive-Subspace SOM (FASSOM) … -- 6. Learning
Vector Quantization -- 6.1 Optimal Decision -- 6.2 The LVQ1 -- 6.3 The Optimized-Learning-Rate LVQ1 (OLVQ1) -- 6.4 The LVQ2 (LVQ2.1) -- 6.5 The LVQ3 -- 6.6 Differences Between LVQ1, LVQ2 and LVQ3 -- 6.7 General Considerations -- 6.8
The Hypermap-Type LVQ -- 6.9 The “LVQ-SOM” -- 7. Applications -- 7.1 Preprocessing -- 7.2 Process and Machine State Monitoring -- 7.3 Diagnosis of Speech Voicing -- 7.4 Transcription of Continuous Speech -- 7.5 Texture Analysis -- 7.6
Contextual Maps -- 7.7 Robot-Arm Control I -- 7.8 Robot-Arm Control II -- 8. Hardware for SOM -- 8.1 An Analog Classifier Circuit -- 8.2 A Fast Digital Classifier Circuit -- 8.3 SIMD Implementation of SOM -- 8.4 Transputer
Implementation of SOM -- 8.5 Systolic-Array Implementation of SOM -- 8.6 The COKOS Chip -- 8.7 The TInMANN Chip -- 9. An Overview of SOM Literature -- 9.1 General -- 9.2 Early Works on Competitive Learning -- 9.3 Status of the
Mathematical Analyses -- 9.4 Survey of General Aspects of the SOM -- 9.5 Modifications and Analyses of LVQ -- 9.6 Survey of Diverse Applications of SOM -- 9.7 Applications of LVQ -- 9.8 Survey of SOM and LVQ Implementations -- 10.
Glossary of “Neural” Terms -- References
ISBN:9783642976100
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Information Sciences: 30
Keywords: Physics , Mathematics , Biophysics , Biological physics , Electrical engineering , Physics , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Communications Engineering, Networks , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1991-9783322868565:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Complex Analysis Proceedings of the International Workshop Wuppertal 1990
Author(s):
Date:1991
Size:1 online resource (X, 341p p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-322-86856-5
Contents:Smooth Proper Modifications of Compact Kähler Manifolds -- Lp-Estimates for ?? in C -- Canonical Resolutions in Sheaves on Schubert and Brieskorn Varieties -- La forme hermitienne canonique pour une singularité presque isolée -- A
Generalized Cousin Problem for Subvarieties of the Bidisk -- Scalar Curvature and Twistor Geometry -- Some Remarks on Weighted Estimates for ?? -- Circular Models and Normal Forms for Convex Domains -- Lp-Estimates with Loss for the
Bergman-Projection and the Canonical Solution to ?? -- Distortion Function and the Heat Kernel of a Positive Line Bundle -- Twistor Spaces and Non-hyperbolicity of Certain Symplectic Kähler Manifolds -- Envelopes of Holomorphy of
Domains in Cn -- Representing Measures in the Spectrum of H? (?) -- Estimées Ck, ? pour l’equation ?? = f dans les convexes -- Local Hyperconvexity and Local Hyperconcavity -- Domaines à estimation maximale -- Deformation of Compact
Rieman Surfaces with Distinguished Points -- Local Extension of Holomorphic L2-Functions with Weights -- On the Boundary Behavior of the Caratheodory and Kobayashi Distances in Strongly Pseudoconvex Domains in Cn -- Zur Klassifikation
der 1-konvexen komplexen Räume -- Holomorphic Mappings into Convex Domains -- On Second Order Hypoelliptic Differential Operators and the ??-Neumann Problem -- Equisingularity of Analytically Constructible Sets -- Fonction de Artin
d’un germe d’espace analytique -- Local Peaks Sets and Maximum Modulus Sets in Products of Strictly Pseudoconvex Domains -- Hyperbolic C* -Actions on Affine Surfaces -- On Complex Manifolds Exhausted by Biholomorphic Images of
Generalized Complex Ellipsoids E(n n1,@@@, ns p1,@@@, ps) -- The Hard Lefschetz Theorem for Concave and Convex Algebraic Manifolds -- Sur la résolution des équations de Cauchy-Riemann tangentielles pour les formes à support compact
dans les variétes -- Imbedding Pseudohermitian Manifolds into a Sphere -- Deformations of Strongly Pseudo-Convex CR Structures and Deformations of Normal Isolated Singularities -- The Behavior of Multiplier Ideal Sheaves under
Morphisms -- Local Geometry of Decoupled Pseudoconvex Domains -- A Vanishing Theorem on Kähler Manifolds with Certain Stratified Structures -- Hodge-Kohomologie und Steinsche Mannigfaltigkeiten -- The Cauchy-Riemann Equations in Convex
Domains -- Integral Kernels and Hölder Estimates for ?? on Pseudoconvex Domains of Finite Type on C2 -- Complex Analysis in the Golden Fifties -- On q-Convex Exhaustion Functions of Complements of CR-Submanifolds -- A Characterization
of Homogeneous Bounded Domains -- Singular Sets of Separately Analytic Functions -- Some Recent Results Related to the Uniformization Problem in Several Complex Variables -- Product Decomposition of Non-reduced Space Germs -- Modular
Subgerms and the Isomorphism Problem in Deformation Theory -- A New Method to Introduce a-priori Estimates for the ??-Neumann Problem -- Maximal and Semi-Maximal Estimates for ??b on Pseudoconvex Manifolds -- Degenerations of
Instantons -- Second Main Theorems in Number Theory and Nevanlinna Theory -- Symplectic Techniques in Holomorphic Group Actions
ISBN:9783322868565
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Series:Aspects of Mathematics: 1
Keywords: Engineering , Engineering , Engineering, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9783642881633:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organization and Associative Memory
Author(s): Teuvo Kohonen
Date:1989
Edition:Third Edition
Size:1 online resource (312 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-88163-3
Contents:1. Various Aspects of Memory -- 1.1 On the Purpose and Nature of Biological Memory -- 1.2 Questions Concerning the Fundamental Mechanisms of Memory -- 1.3 Elementary Operations Implemented by Associative Memory -- 1.4 More Abstract
Aspects of Memory -- 2. Pattern Mathematics -- 2.1 Mathematical Notations and Methods -- 2.2 Distance Measures for Patterns -- 3. Classical Learning Systems -- 3.1 The Adaptive Linear Element (Adaline) -- 3.2 The Perceptron -- 3.3 The
Learning Matrix -- 3.4 Physical Realization of Adaptive Weights -- 4. A New Approach to Adaptive Filters -- 4.1 Survey of Some Necessary Functions -- 4.2 On the “Transfer Function” of the Neuron -- 4.3 Models for Basic Adaptive Units
-- 4.4 Adaptive Feedback Networks -- 5. Self-Organizing Feature Maps -- 5.1 On the Feature Maps of the Brain -- 5.2 Formation of Localized Responses by Lateral Feedback -- 5.3 Computational Simplification of the Process -- 5.4
Demonstrations of Simple Topology-Preserving Mappings -- 5.5 Tonotopic Map -- 5.6 Formation of Hierarchical Representations -- 5.7 Mathematical Treatment of Self-Organization -- 5.8 Automatic Selection of Feature Dimensions -- 6.
Optimal Associative Mappings -- 6.1 Transfer Function of an Associative Network -- 6.2 Autoassociative Recall as an Orthogonal Projection -- 6.3 The Novelty Filter -- 6.4 Autoassociative Encoding -- 6.5 Optimal Associative Mappings --
6.6 Relationship Between Associative Mapping, Linear Regression, and Linear Estimation -- 6.7 Recursive Computation of the Optimal Associative Mapping -- 6.8 Special Cases -- 7. Pattern Recognition -- 7.1 Discriminant Functions -- 7.2
Statistical Formulation of Pattern Classification -- 7.3 Comparison Methods -- 7.4 The Subspace Methods of Classification -- 7.5 Learning Vector Quantization -- 7.6 Feature Extraction -- 7.7 Clustering -- 7.8 Structural Pattern
Recognition Methods -- 8. More About Biological Memory -- 8.1 Physiological Foundations of Memory -- 8.2 The Unified Cortical Memory Model -- 8.3 Collateral Reading -- 9. Notes on Neural Computing -- 9.1 First Theoretical Views of
Neural Networks -- 9.2 Motives for the Neural Computing Research -- 9.3 What Could the Purpose of the Neural Networks be? -- 9.4 Definitions of Artificial “Neural Computing” and General Notes on Neural Modelling -- 9.5 Are the
Biological Neural Functions Localized or Distributed? -- 9.6 Is Nonlinearity Essential to Neural Computing? -- 9.7 Characteristic Differences Between Neural and Digital Computers -- 9.8 “Connectionist Models” -- 9.9 How can the Neural
Computers be Programmed? -- 10. Optical Associative Memories -- 10.1 Nonholographic Methods -- 10.2 General Aspects of Holographic Memories -- 10.3 A Simple Principle of Holographic Associative Memory -- 10.4 Addressing in Holographic
Memories -- 10.5 Recent Advances of Optical Associative Memories -- Bibliography on Pattern Recognition -- References
ISBN:9783642881633
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Information Sciences: 8
Keywords: Medicine , Neurosciences , Computer hardware , Software engineering , Artificial intelligence , Biophysics , Biological physics , Applied mathematics , Engineering mathematics , Biomedicine , Neurosciences , Biophysics and Biological Physics , Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering , Computer Hardware , Software Engineering/Programming and Operating Systems , Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-1989-9781461388418:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:An Introduction to Hilbert Space and Quantum Logic
Author(s): David W Cohen
Date:1989
Size:1 online resource (38 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4613-8841-8
Contents:1. Experiments, Measure, and Integration -- A. Measures -- B. Integration -- 2. Hilbert Space Basics -- Inner product space, norm, orthogonality, Pythagorean theorem, Bessel and Cauchy-Schwarz and triangle inequalities, Cauchy
sequences, convergence in norm, completeness, Hilbert space, summability, bases, dimension. -- 3. The Logic of Nonclassical Physics -- A. Manuals of Experiments and Weights -- B. Logics and State Functions -- 4. Subspaces in Hilbert
Space -- Linear manifolds, closure, subspaces, spans, orthogonal complements, the subspace logic, finite projection theorem, compatibility of subspaces. -- 5. Maps on Hilbert Spaces -- A. Linear Functional and Function Spaces -- B.
Projection Operators and the Projection Logic -- 6. State Space and Gleason’s Theorem -- A. The Geometry of State Space -- B. Gleason’s Theorem -- 7. Spectrality -- A. Finite Dimensional Spaces, the Spectral Resolution Theorem -- B.
Infinite Dimensional Spaces, the Spectral Theorem -- 8. The Hilbert Space Model for Quantum Mechanics and the EPR Dilemma -- A. A Brief History of Quantum Mechanics -- B. A Hilbert Space Model for Quantum Mechanics -- C. The EPR
Experiment and the Challenge of the Realists -- Index of Definitions
ISBN:9781461388418
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Keywords: Physics , Physics , Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1988-9783662007846:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Self-Organization and Associative Memory
Author(s): Teuvo Kohonen
Date:1988
Edition:Second Edition
Size:1 online resource (312 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-662-00784-6
Contents:1. Various Aspects of Memory -- 1.1 On the Purpose and Nature of Biological Memory -- 1.2 Questions Concerning the Fundamental Mechanisms of Memory -- 1.3 Elementary Operations Implemented by Associative Memory -- 1.4 More Abstract
Aspects of Memory -- 2. Pattern Mathematics -- 2.1 Mathematical Notations and Methods -- 2.2 Distance Measures for Patterns -- 3. Classical Learning Systems -- 3.1 The Adaptive Linear Element (Adaline) -- 3.2 The Perceptron -- 3.3 The
Learning Matrix -- 3.4 Physical Realization of Adaptive Weights -- 4. A New Approach to Adaptive Filters -- 4.1 Survey of Some Necessary Functions -- 4.2 On the “Transfer Function” of the Neuron -- 4.3 Models for Basic Adaptive Units
-- 4.4 Adaptive Feedback Networks -- 5. Self-Organizing Feature Maps -- 5.1 On the Feature Maps of the Brain -- 5.2 Formation of Localized Responses by Lateral Feedback -- 5.3 Computational Simplification of the Process -- 5.4
Demonstrations of Simple Topology-Preserving Mappings -- 5.5 Tonotopic Map -- 5.6 Formation of Hierarchical Representations -- 5.7 Mathematical Treatment of Self-Organization -- 5.8 Automatic Selection of Feature Dimensions -- 6.
Optimal Associative Mappings -- 6.1 Transfer Function of an Associative Network -- 6.2 Autoassociative Recall as an Orthogonal Projection -- 6.3 The Novelty Filter -- 6.4 Autoassociative Encoding -- 6.5 Optimal Associative Mappings --
6.6 Relationship Between Associative Mapping, Linear Regression, and Linear Estimation -- 6.7 Recursive Computation of the Optimal Associative Mapping. -- 6.8 Special Cases -- 7. Pattern Recognition -- 7.1 Discriminant Functions -- 7.2
Statistical Formulation of Pattern Classification -- 7.3 Comparison Methods -- 7.4 The Subspace Methods of Classification -- 7.5 Learning Vector Quantization -- 7.6 Feature Extraction -- 7.7 Clustering -- 7.8 Structural Pattern
Recognition Methods -- 8. More About Biological Memory -- 8.1 Physiological Foundations of Memory -- 8.2 The Unified Cortical Memory Model -- 8.3 Collateral Reading -- 9. Notes on Neural Computing -- 9.1 First Theoretical Views of
Neural Networks -- 9.2 Motives for the Neural Computing Research -- 9.3 What Could the Purpose of the Neural Networks be? -- 9.4 Definitions of Artificial “Neural Computing” and General Notes on Neural Modelling -- 9.5 Are the
Biological Neural Functions Localized or Distributed? -- 9.6 Is Nonlinearity Essential to Neural Computing? -- 9.7 Characteristic Differences Between Neural and Digital Computers -- 9.8 “Connectionist Models” -- 9.9 How can the Neural
Computers be Programmed? -- 10. Optical Associative Memories -- 10.1 Nonholographic Methods -- 10.2 General Aspects of Holographic Memories -- 10.3 A Simple Principle of Holographic Associative Memory -- 10.4 Addressing in Holographic
Memories -- 10.5 Recent Advances of Optical Associative Memories -- Bibliography on Pattern Recognition -- References
ISBN:9783662007846
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Series in Information Sciences: 8
Keywords: Physics , Space sciences , Biophysics , Biological physics , Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Biophysics and Biological Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-1985-9783642706592:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Optimization and Design of Geodetic Networks
Author(s):
Date:1985
Size:1 online resource (606 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-642-70659-2
Contents:A Review of Network Designs: Criteria, Risk Functions, Design Ordering -- 1. Classification -- 2. Objective Functions -- 3. Solution Methods -- References -- B. Zero Order Design: Generalized Inverses, Adjustment, the Datum Problem
and S-Transformations -- 0.1 Introduction -- 0.2 Notations and Preliminaries -- 1. Generalized Inverses, a Geometric Approach -- 1.1 Characterization of a Set of Linear Equations -- 1.2 A Unique Characterization of an Arbitrary
Generalized Inverse -- 1.3 Right — and Left Inverses -- 1.4 An Arbitrary System of Linear Equations and Arbitrary Generalized Inverses -- 1.5 Transformation Properties and Some Special Types of Generalized Inverses -- 1.6 Summary -- 2.
On S-Transformations -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Coordinates and Datum Definitions -- 2.3 S-Transformations -- 2.4 The Relation with Generalized Inverses -- References -- C. First Order Design: Optimization of the Configuration of a
Network by Introducing Small Position Changes -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Gaußt-Markof Models Not of Full Rank -- 3. Projected Parameters -- 4. Datum Transformations -- 5. Choice of the Datum for a Free Network -- 6. Choice of a Criterion
Matrix for a Free Network -- 7. First Order Design Problem by Introducing Small Position Changes -- 8. Criterion Matrix for the Optimization -- 9. Optimization Problem -- 10. Quadratic Programming Problem -- 11. Linear Complementary
Problem -- 12. Solution of the Linear Complementary Problem -- References -- D. Second Order Design -- 0. An Example -- 1. Three SOD-Approaches -- 1.1 Direct Approximation of the Criterion Matrix, Approach i) -- 1.2 Iterative
Approximation of the Criterion Matrix, Approach ii) -- 1.3 Direct Approximation of the Inverse Criterion Matrix, Approach iii) -- 1.4 Diagonal Design -- 1.5 Approximation Quality -- 1.6 Modification of Approach iii) -- 2. Solution
Methods -- 2.1 Least-Squares Solution -- 2.2 Linear Programming -- 2.3 Nonlinear Programming -- 3. Mean Least-Squares Approximation, Comparison of the Three Approaches -- 4. Directions in the SOD-Problem -- 4.1 Elimination and Group
Weights -- 4.2 Elimination and Individual Weights -- 4.3 Correlated Angles -- 4.4 Extracted Khatri-Rao-Product and Individual Weights -- 4.5 Comparison -- 4.6 Three-Step-Strategy -- 5. Defect Analysis of the Final Equation -- 5.1
Defect Analysis for Distances -- 5.2 Free Distance Networks -- 5.3 Defect Analysis for Directions -- 5.4 Free Direction Networks -- 6. Direct Creation of the Final Equation -- 6.1 Individual Weights -- 6.1.1 Distances -- 6.1.2
Directions -- 6.1.3 Mixed Network -- 6.2 Group Weights -- 6.3 Common Weights for Sets of Directions -- 7. Examples -- 7.1 Example 1 -- 7.2 Example -- References -- E. Third Order Design -- 1. THOD as Instrument in FOD and SOD -- 2.
Mathematical Model for Network Densification -- 3. THOD with Criterion Matrices -- References -- F. Numerical Methods in Network Design -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Optimal Design Problems -- 2.1 Precision Criteria -- 3. Network Design
Strategies -- 3.1 Computer Simulation -- 3.2 Analytical Methods -- 3.2.1 Generalized Matrix Algebra -- 3.2.2 Linear Programming -- 3.2.3 Non-Linear Programming -- 4. Conclusions -- Appendix A: Linear Programming -- Appendix B:
Generalized Matrix Algebra -- Appendix C: Least Squares Techniques -- References -- G. Some Additional Information on the Capacity of the Linear Complementarity Algorithm -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Inequality Constrained Least-Squares
Approximation -- 3. The Linear Complementarity Algorithm -- 4. Examples -- References -- H. Quick Computation of Geodetic Networks Using Special Properties of the Eigenvalues -- I. Introduction -- 2. Iterative Procedures -- 3.
Properties of the Conjugate Gradient Method -- 4. Acceleration of the Convergence by an Approximation with Finite Elements -- 5. Survey of Formulae -- 5.1 Conjugate Gradient Method -- 5.2 Approximation with Finite Elements --
References -- I. Estimability Analyses of the Free Networks of Differential Range Observations to GPS Satellites -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Types of Rank Deficiencies -- 3. Rank Deficiencies of Free Networks Based on Differential Range
GPS Observations -- 3.1 Determination of Station and Satellite Coordinates -- 3.2 Determinations of Station, Satellite and Non-Geometric Parameters -- 4. Estimability Analysis -- 4.1 Patterns of Observations for Moving Stations -- 4.2
General Criteria of Estimability for Subnetwork Design -- 5. Numerical Adjustment -- 6. A-Priori Information in GPS Satellite Networks -- 7. Effect of A-Priori Constraints on the Adjustment Results -- 8. Summary and Conclusions --
References -- J. Optimization Problems in Geodetic Networks with Signals -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Data Analysis and Signals -- 3. Geodetic Networks with Signals -- 4. Different Approaches for the Adjustment of Observations Depending on
Signals -- 4.1 The Deterministic Approach -- 4.2 The Model Function Approach -- 4.3 The Stochastic Approach -- 4.4 Hybrid Approaches -- 5. Zero Order Design with Signals -- 5.1 General Remarks -- 5.2 Three-dimensional Networks -- 6.
Deformable Networks -- 7. Estimability Problems -- 8. Other Optimization Problems -- 8.1 General Remarks -- 8.2 First Order Design -- 8.3 Second Order Design -- 8.4 Third Order Design -- Appendix: Observation Equations of
Three-dimensional Networks -- References -- K. Fourier Analysis of Geodetic Networks -- 0. Introduction -- I. Spectral Methods in Geodesy -- 1.1 Fourier Techniques in Interpolation Methods -- 1.1.1 Step Function “Interpolation” --
1.1.2 Piecewiese Linear Interpolation -- 1.1.3 Quadratic Spline Interpolation -- 1.1.4 Cubic Spline Interpolation -- 1.1.5 Higher and Highest Order Spline Interpolation -- 1.2 Fourier Techniques in Physical Geodesy -- 2. Distributions
and Fourier Transforms -- 3. Leveling Lines, Leveling Networks -- 4. Traverse, Trilateration Networks -- References -- L. Continuous Networks I -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Continuous Networks of First Derivative Type -- 1.1 Networks on a
Line -- 1.1.1 The Fixed Network -- 1.1.2 The Free Network -- 1.2 Networks on a Circle -- 1.3 Variance — Covariance Function of Estimable Quantities -- 1.4 Higher Dimensional Networks -- 2. Continuous Networks of Second Derivative Type
-- 3. Discrete versus Continuous Geodetic Networks -- References -- M. Continuous Networks II -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Elementary Examples: A Single Line Leveling -- 2. On the Conditions for a Continuous Approximation of Network with
some exceptions -- 3. A Planar Circular Leveling Network -- Appendix: A Numerical Comparison Between a Discrete Network and its Continuous Analogue -- References -- N. Criterion Matrices for Deforming Networks -- 0. Introduction -- 1.
Deformation Measures and Their Finite Element Approximation -- 2. The Datum Problems in Estimating Deformation Measures -- 3. Criterion Matrices for Deformation Measures -- 4. Datum Transformation of a Criterion Matrix and the
Comparison of Real Versus Ideal Dispersion Matrices by Factor Analysis -- 4.1 Datum Transformation of a Criterion Matrix -- 4.2 Canonical Comparison of an Ideal Versus a Real Variance- Covariance Matrix -- 4.2.1 The Eigenvalue Problem
for the Matrix A -- 4.2.2 The Eigenvalue Problem for the Matrix B -- 4.2.3 The Eigenvalue Problem of General Type -- 4.3 Observational Equations of a Deforming Network -- References -- O. A Criterion Matrix for Deforming Networks by
Multifactorial Analysis Techniques -- 1. Optimal Versus Improved Design -- 2. Essential Eigenvector Analysis -- 3. Procrustean Transformation -- References -- P. The Analysis of Time Series with Applications to Geodetic Control
Problems -- 0. Foreword -- 1. Notations and Preliminaries -- 1.1 The Object of our Analysis -- 1.2 Prerequisites on Stochastic Processes -- 1.3 Stationarity -- 1.4 The Estimation of the Autocovariance Function -- 1.5 The Estimation of
the Spectral Density -- 2. The Hilbert Space Setting -- 2.1 Basic Definitions -- 2.2 Establishing the Spectral Representation of the Time Series -- 2.3 The World Decomposition Theorem -- 2.4 Causality and Analytical Properties of the
Spectral Functions -- 2.5 The General “Linear” Prediction Problem -- 3. The Autoregressive - Moving Average Processes -- 3.1 Definition of ARMA (p,g) Models -- 3.2 The Covariances of ARMA Processes -- 3.3 The Spectral Densities of ARMA
Processes -- 3.4 The Yule-Walker Estimates and Forecasts -- 3.5 Examples -- 3.6 The Maximum Likelihood and “Least Squares” Estimates -- 3.7 Model Testing -- References -- Q. Quality Control in Geodetic Networks -- 0. Introduction -- 1.
Model Assumptions and Estimation -- 2. Hypothesis Testing -- 3. Reliability -- 4. Precision -- References -- R. Aspects of Network Design -- 0. Introduction -- 1. The Datum Problem for Criterion Matrices -- 2. The Fundamental Design
Problems -- 3. The Canonical Formulation of the Second Order Design Problem with Respect to an S-System -- 4. Review of Optimization Principles -- 5. The “Choice-of-Norm” Problem for Network Optimization -- 6. Transformation of the
Quadratic Program into a Linear Complementarity Problem -- 7. The Optimal Design within Mixed Linear Models -- 8. The Second Order Design and Third Order Design Problem within the Mixed Model -- 9. The Second Order Design Problem
within Mixed Models Admitting a Singular Covariance Matrix = ?ee=?2P+e -- Appendix 1: Criterion Matrices Reflecting Homogeneity and Isotropy -- Appendix 2: Computational Rules for Matrix Products -- Appendix 3: A Review of Reliability
-- References
ISBN:9783642706592
Series:eBooks
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Keywords: Physics , Geophysics , Geographical information systems , Physics , Geophysics and Environmental Physics , Geophysics/Geodesy , Geographical Information Systems/Cartography
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Call number:SPRINGER-1975-9783540375241:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Non-Commutative Harmonic Analysis Actes du Colloque d’Analyse Harmonique Non Commutative, Marseille-Luminy, 1 au 5 Juillet 1974
Author(s):
Date:1975
Size:1 online resource (238 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0082191
Contents:Intertwining operators and the half-density pairing -- Geometry and the method of kirillov -- Sur les fonctions cw de harish-chandra -- Sur certains quotients de l’algèbre enveloppante d’une algèbre de Lie semi-simple -- Ideaux
primitifs completement premiers dans l’algebre enveloppante de sl (3,?) -- Semigroups of complex measures on a locally compact group -- Spherical functions and discrete series -- Groupes reductifs et groupes resolubles -- Stability and
equlibrium in quantum statistical mechanics -- Verma modules and the existence of quasi-invariant differential operators -- Sur la racine carrée du noyau de Poisson dans les espaces symétriques -- Diagonalisation du système de de
Rham-Hodge au dessus d’un espace Riemannien homogène -- Action de certains groupes dans des espaces de fonctions C? -- Modele de whittaker et caracteres de representations -- Some remarks about the discrete series characters of Sp(n,R)
-- An application of polarisations and half-forms -- Continuation analytique de la série discréte holomorphe -- On the unitarizability of representations with highest weights
ISBN:9783540375241
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
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Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics: 466
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematics , Mathematics, general
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Call number:SPRINGER-1974-9783540378273:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Functional Analysis and its Applications International Conference, Madras, 1973
Author(s):
Date:1974
Size:1 online resource (575 p.)
Note:10.1007/BFb0063562
Contents:Non-abelian pontryagin duality -- The topological dual, the algebraic dual and Radon-Nikodym derivatives -- Segal algebras and dense ideals in Banach algebras -- Field approximation and free approximation for differential equations -- Linear interpo lation and linear extension of functions -- Wave front sets and hypoelliptic operators -- Harmonic analysis in the complex domain and applications in the theory of analytical and infinitely differentiable functions -- Müntz-szasz theorem with integral co efficients I -- Inductive limits of Banach spaces and complex analysis -- Representation of nonlinear operators with the hammerstein property -- On polynomial approximation with respect to general weights -- Determination of conformal modules of ring doma ins and quadrilaterals -- Solovay's axion and functional analysis -- Q — Uniform algebras and operator theory -- On polynomials with a prescribed zero -- A priori inequalities for systems of partial differential equations -- Recent results
on Segal algebras -- Measurability of lattice operations in a cone -- On some nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems -- Quasicomplemented Banach algebras -- On the (Lp, Lp) multipliers -- Heredity in metric projections -- Multipliers on weighted spaces -- On properties of traces of functions belonging to weight spaces -- Fundamental solutions of hyperbolic differential equations -- Non-self-conjugate differential dirac operators expansion in eigenfunctions through the whole axis -- Topological a lgebras in several complex variables -- Spectra of composition operators on C[0,1] -- Linear functionals on vector valued köthe spaces -- A general view on unitary dilations -- Quantization in Hamiltonian particle mechanics -- The lebesgue constants for polynomial interpolation -- Approximation theorems for polynomial spline operators -- Characterization of the barrelled, d-barrelled and ?-barrelled spaces of continuous functions -- Cardinal spline interpolation and the exponential Euler
splines -- Approximation of analytic functions in Hausdorff metric -- Invariant means and almost convergence in non-Archimedean analysis -- Parameasures and multipliers of Segal algebras -- Segal algebras of Beurling type -- Splines in Hilbert space s -- A survey of v-integral representation theory for operators on function spaces including the topological vector space setting -- Isotone measures, 1948–1973
ISBN:9783540378273
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Series:Lecture Notes in Mathematics: 399
Keywords: Mathematics , Mathematical analysis , Analysis (Mathematics) , Mathematics , Analysis
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