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SPIRES-BOOKS: FIND T ASTRO# NEUTR# *END*INIT* use /tmp/qspiwww.webspi1/2490.14 QRY 131.225.70.96 . find t astro# neutr# ( in books using www Cover
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Call number:9781400845590:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The physics of neutrinos
Author(s): Vernon Barger
Danny Marfatia
Kerry Lewis Whisnant
Date:2012
Publisher:Princeton: Princeton University Press
Size:1 online resource (224 p.)
Contents:Introduction -- Neutrino basics -- Neutrino mixing and oscillations -- Solar neutrinos -- Atmospheric neutrinos -- Global three-neutrino fits -- Absolute neutrino mass -- Long-baseline neutrino oscillations -- Model building -- Supernova neutrinos - - High-energy astrophysical neutrinos -- Beyond three neutrinos -- Summary and outlook.
ISBN:9781400845590
Series:eBooks
Series:EBL eBook
Keywords: Neutrinos.
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Call number:9780191523229:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics [electronic resource].
Author(s): Carlo. Giunti
Chung W. Kim
Date:2007
Publisher:Oxford: Oxford University Press
Size:1 online resource (727 pages)
Contents:1 Historical introduction 2 Quantized Dirac fields 3 The Standard Model 4 Three-generation mixing 5 Neutrino interactions 6 Massive neutrinos 7 Neutrino oscillations in vacuum 8 Theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum 9 Neutrino oscillations in matter 10 Solar neutrinos 11 Atmospheric neutrinos 12 Terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments 13 Phenomenology of three-neutrino mixing 14 Direct measurements of neutrino mass 15 Supernova neutrinos 16 Cosmology 17 Relic neutrinos Append ices Bibliography Index.
ISBN:9780191523229
Series:EBL eBook
Series:eBooks
Keywords: Neutrinos. , Neutrino astrophysics.
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319206547:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Quarks to the Universe A Short Physics Course
Author(s): Eleftherios N Economou
Date:2016
Edition:2nd ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (9 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20654-7
Contents:Introduction: The World According to Physics -- Part I: Three Key Ideas and a Shortcut -- The Atomic Idea -- The Wave-Particle Duality -- Equilibrium and Minimization of Total Energy -- Dimensional Analysis: A Shortcut to Physics
Relations -- Part II: Structures Mediated by Strong Interactions -- From Quark and Gluons to Hadrons -- From Protons and Neutrons to Nuclei -- Part III: The Realm of Electromagnetism -- From Nuclei and Electrons to Atoms -- From Atoms
to Molecules -- From Atoms and Molecules to Solids (or Liquids) -- Part IV: Gravity at the Front Stage -- Planets -- Stars, Dead or Alive -- The Observable Universe -- Epilogue: The Anthropic Principle -- Answers to Multiple-Choice
Questions -- Answers to Some Unsolved Problems
ISBN:9783319206547
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astrophysics , Elementary particles (Physics) , Quantum field theory , Atoms , Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Elementary Particles, Quantum Field Theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9783319200460:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (57 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-3-319-20046-0
Contents:Part I The Life and Work of Karl Schwarzschild. -Karl Schwarzschild and Frankfurt (Frank Linhard) -- Part II Black Holes in Classical General Relativity, Numerical Relativity, Astrophysics, Cosmology and Alternative Theories of
Gravity -- Black Hole Observations - towards the Event Horizon (Silke Britzen) -- Primordial Black Holes and Quantum Effects (B. J. Carr) -- There are no black holes - Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (Walter Greiner, Peter O. Hess,
Mirko Schäfer, Thomas Schönenbach, and Gunther Caspar) -- Analytical solutions for geodesic equation in black hole spacetimes (Claus Lämmerzahl and Eva Hackmann) -- A physical derivation of the Kerr–Newman black hole solution (Reinhard
Meinel) -- On the Black Holes in alternative theories of gravity: The case of non-linear massive gravity (Ivan Arraut) -- The Near-Horizon Limit (Jiří Daněk) -- Sourcing a Varying-Mass Black Hole in a Cosmological Background (Michele
Fontanini, Daniel C. Guariento) -- Tidally Distorted Black Holes (Norman Gürlebeck) -- Self–completeness in Alternative Theories of Gravity (Maximiliano Isi, Jonas Mureika and Piero Nicolini) -- Gravitational collapse to black holes
and more (Daniele Malafarina) -- Experimental Tests of Pseudo-Complex General Relativity (Thomas Schönenbach, Gunther Caspar, Peter O. Hess, Thomas Boller, Andreas Müller, Mirko Schäfer and Walter Greiner) -- Magnetic field
amplification in hypermassive neutron stars via the magnetorotational instability (Daniel M. Siegel and Riccardo Ciolfi) -- Extracting information on the equation of state from binary neutron stars (Kentaro Takami, Luciano Rezzolla and
Luca Baiotti) -- Part III Black Holes in Quantum Gravity and String Theory -- Higher Spin AdS / CFT correspondence & quantum gravity aspects of AdS/CFT (Martin Ammon) -- Black Holes in the Asymptotic Safety program (Alfio Bonanno) --
Quantum black holes and effective quantum gravity approaches (Xavier Calmet) -- The Black Hole Uncertainty Principle Correspondence (B. J. Carr) -- Scattering and unitarity methods in two dimensions (Valentina Forini, Lorenzo Bianchi
and Ben Hoare) -- Gravity Duals to Non-Relativistic Quantum Field Theories (Andreas Karch and Stefan Janiszewski) -- A ‘regularized’ Schwarzschild solution (F.R. Klinkhamer) -- The Chemistry of Black Holes (Robert B. Mann) -- Black
Holes in Supergravity (K. S. Stelle) -- Thermodynamic of Distorted Reissner-Nordström Black Holes in Five-dimensions (Shohreh Abdolrahimi) -- What is the Schwarzschild radius of a quantum mechanical particle? (Roberto Casadio) -- The
Background Effective Average Action Approach to Quantum Gravity (Giulio D’Odorico, Alessandro Codello, and Carlo Pagani) -- Phase transitions of regular Schwarzschild-Anti-de Sitter black holes (Antonia Micol Frassino) -- Vector Fields
and Kerr/CFT Correspondence (A. M. Ghezelbash) -- Black Holes in Non-relativistic Holography (Stefan Janiszewski) -- Black holes and running couplings: A comparison of two complementary approaches (Benjamin Koch, Carlos Contreras,
Paola Rioseco, and Frank Saueressig) -- Quantum Harmonic Black Holes (Alessio Orlandi, Roberto Casadio) -- Holographic entanglement entropy of semi-local quantum liquids (Da-Wei Pang, Johanna Erdmenger, and Hansjörg Zeller) --
Quadratic Palatini gravity and stable black hole remnants (D. Rubiera-Garcia, Francisco S. N. Lobo, and Gonzalo J. Olmo) -- Kermions (Elizabeth Winstanley) -- Part IV Other Topics in Contemporary Gravitation -- Quantum Gravity and the
Cosmological Constant Problem (J. W. Moffat) -- Emergent gravity and the cosmological constant (T. Padmanabhan) -- Tunnelling methods and Unruh-DeWitt detectors in curved spacetimes (Giovanni Acquaviva) -- Fermions on adS (Victor E.
Ambrus, and Elizabeth Winstanley) -- Study on Rescaling Extrinsic Curvature in Gravitational Initial Data (Shan Bai and Niall ´O Murchadha) -- Massive gravities (Dennis D. Dietrich) -- Self Sustained Traversable Wormholes and Topology
Change Induced by Gravity’s Rainbow (Remo Garattini) -- A general maximum entropy principle for self-gravitating perfect fluid (Sijie Gao) -- Dynamical holographic QCD model: resembling renormalization group from ultraviolet to
infrared (Mei Huang and Danning Li) -- Modified Theories of Gravity with Nonminimal Coupling and the Faint Young Sun Paradox (Lorenzo Iorio) -- A Practical Look at Regge Calculus (Dimitri Marinelli and Giorgio Immirzi) -- Boundary
States of the Potts Model on Random Planar Maps (Benjamin Niedner, Max Atkin and John Wheater) -- One-loop Effective Action in Quantum Gravitation (L. Rachwal, A. Codello, and R. Percacci) -- Heavy Probes in Strongly Coupled Plasmas
With Chemical Potential (Andreas Samberg and Carlo Ewerz)
ISBN:9783319200460
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics: 170
Keywords: Physics , Gravitation , Astronomy , Astrophysics , Cosmology , Nuclear physics , Physics , Classical and Quantum Gravitation, Relativity Theory , Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology , Particle and Nuclear Physics , History and Philosophical Foundations of Physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2016-9781493935505:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Strongest Magnetic Fields in the Universe
Author(s):
Date:2016
Edition:1st ed. 2016
Size:1 online resource (61 p.)
Note:10.1007/978-1-4939-3550-5
Contents:Foreword -- Part I: Introduction -- Magnetic Fields at Largest Universal Strengths: Overview -- Physics in Very Strong Magnetic Fields: An Introduction -- Part II: Magnetic Fields in Stars -- Observations of Strong Magnetic Fields in
Nondegenerate Stars -- Magnetic Field Generation in Stars -- Magnetic White Dwarfs -- Part III: Neutron Stars -- Neutron Stars: Thermal Emitters -- Radio Pulsars -- Neutron Stars: Cooling and Transport -- Magnetic Fields of Neutron
Stars in X-ray Binaries -- Magnetars: Properties, Origin and Evolution -- Part IV: Accretion, Winds, Jets -- Accretion and Outflows from Magnetized Stars -- Pulsar Wind Nebulae -- Disks and Jets: Gravity, Rotation and Magnetic Fields
-- Part V: Physical Processes -- Gamma Ray Bursts As Sources of Strong Magnetic Fields -- Relativistic Shocks Particle Acceleration and Magnetization -- Relativistic Magnetic Reconnection and Its Astrophysical Applications
ISBN:9781493935505
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer eBooks
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI: 54
Keywords: Physics , Space sciences , Cosmology , Magnetism , Magnetic materials , Physics , Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences , Cosmology , Magnetism, Magnetic Materials
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783642453847:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Life and Death of the Stars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Ganesan Srinivasan
Date:2014
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This volume is devoted to one of the fascinating things about stars: how they evolve as they age. This evolution is different for stars of different masses. How stars end their lives when their supply of energy is exhausted alsodepends on their masse s. Interestingly, astronomers conjectured about the ultimate fate of the stars even before the details of their evolution became clear. Part I of this book gives an account of the remarkable predictions madeduring the 1920s and 1930s concerning the ultima te fate of stars. Since much of this development hinged on quantum physics that emerged during this time, a detailed introduction to the relevant physics is included in the book. Part IIis a summary of the life history of stars. This discussion is divided into three parts: low-mass stars, like our Sun, intermediate-mass stars, and massive stars. Many of the concepts of contemporary astrophysics were built on thefoundation erected by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in the 1930s. This book, written during his bi rth centenary, includes a brief biographical sketch of the brilliant scientist, which readers will find fascinating. Reading this book willget young students excited about the presently unfolding revolution in astronomy and the challenges that await them in the world of physics, engineering and technology. General readers will also find the book appealing for its highlyaccessible narrative of the physics of stars. This book is a companionvolume of What are the Stars? by the same author. I know of no other book on the evolution of stars of a similar scope and breadth that is soaccessible for undergraduate students. E P J van den Heuvel Professor of Astrophysics Winner of the Spinoza and Descartes PrizesUniversity of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Contents:Part I: A Historical Perspective
What Are the Stars?
Stars in Their Youth
White Dwarf Stars
The Principles of Statistical Mechanics
FermiDirac Distribution
Quantum Stars
The Chandrasekhar Limit
The Absurd Behaviour of Stars: Not All Stars Will Have Energy to Cool
Guest Stars
Supernovae, Neutron Stars and Black Holes
A Profile of Chandra
Part II: The Life History of StarsA Modern Perspective
To Burn or Not To Burn
What Does the Future Hold for the Sun?
Life History of Intermediate Mass Stars
Diamonds in the Sky
Exploding Stars
ISBN:9783642453847
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, 2192-4791
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319022079:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Universe of Scales: From Nanotechnology to Cosmology [electronic resource] : Symposium in Honor of Minoru M. Freund
Author(s): Friedemann Freund
Stephanie Langhoff
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:The presentations at this NASA-hosted Symposium in honor of Mino Freund will touch upon the fields, to which his prolific mind has made significant contributions. These include low temperature physics, cosmology, andnanotechnology with its wide-rangi ng applicability to material science, neuroscience, Earth sciences and satellite technology. To learn more about Minos career you can download the Tribute, which outlines his journey from (i) low-temperature ph ysics and superconductivity at the ETH Zrich to (ii) building one remarkable milliKelvin refrigerator for the US-Japan IRTS missionat UC Berkeley and ISAS in Japan to (iii) a decade in cosmology, to (iv) being on the micro-bolometer team at NASA Goddard f or the HAWC instrument on SOFIA, to (v) developing at AFRL the nanotechnology portfolio for the entire AirForce. This was followed by six years at the NASA Ames Research Center, where Mino formulated his far-ahead ideas about swarms of capable nanosats ci rcling the Earth, which have since started to become a reality. He engaged in abroad range of nanotechnology projects, including novel applications in neuroscience well before he himself was struck by the deadly brain tumor
Contents:Part I:Memories of a Great Life
Minos Smile
Mino in Adjectives
With Mino on the Road
Phone Call at 2 am
Witness to a Formidable Dialogue
Stunning Intellect and Pure Mind
Growing up
Poem
Part II:Science Chapters
Mino in Japan: The Infrared Telescope in Space
Minos Sense of Stardust
How Brains Make Decisions
From Neurons to Neutrinos
Modeling the Whole Earth System
Microsatellite Ionospheric Network in Orbit
Formation Flying, Cosmology and General Relativity
Earthquake Precursor Research using Radio Tomography of the Ionosphere
Pre
ISBN:9783319022079
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v150
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319012131:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Measurement of the pep and CNO Solar Neutrino Interaction Rates in Borexino [electronic resource]
Author(s): Stefano Davini
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Solar neutrino experiments have proved to be sensitive tools to test both astrophysical and elementary particle physics models. Neutrinos coming from the Sun offer a window into the inner workings of our star. Both the firstevidence and the first dis coveries of neutrino oscillations have come from experiments which detected neutrinos from the Sun. The Borexino experiment at Laboratory Nazionali del Gran Sasso is designed to perform solar neutrinospectroscopy below 2 MeV. The key feature that allow Bo rexino to pursue this physics program is its ultra low background level. This thesis is devoted to the first direct measurement of the pep and CNO solar neutrino interaction ratesin the Borexino experiment. The detection of the rare signals from pep and C NO solar neutrinos in Borexino requires novel analysis techniques, as the signal interaction rate in the active target is only a few counts per day, while thedominant background in the relevant energy region, the cosmogenic beta+ emitter carbon-11, produc ed in Borexino by cosmic muon interactions, is about 10 times higher
Contents:Neutrino oscillations
Solar neutrino observations
The Borexino experiment
The Borexino detector response and simulation
Measurement of the pep and CNO solar neutrino interaction rates in Borexino
Conclusions
ISBN:9783319012131
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9783319007625:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Beyond Standard Model Phenomenology at the LHC [electronic resource]
Author(s): Priscila de Aquino
Date:2014
Publisher:Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:This thesis provides an introduction to the physics of the Standard Model and beyond, and to the methods used to analyse Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data. The 'hierarchy problem', astrophysical data and experiments on neutrinosindicate that new physi cs can be expected at the now accessible TeV scale. This work investigates extensions of the Standard Model with gravitons and gravitinos (in the context of supergravity). The production of these particles inassociation with jets is studied as one of the most promising avenues for researching new physics at the LHC. Advanced simulation techniques and tools, such as algorithms allowing the computation of Feynman graphs and helicityamplitudes are first developed and then employed
Contents:Introduction
The Standard Model
Gravitation in Beyond Standard Model theories
The LHC and collision simulations
Phenomenology of graviton production
Gravitino production at the LHC
Epilogue
Massless graviton implementation
New routines for ADD theories in MadGraph
ALOHA
ISBN:9783319007625
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2014-9781461484806:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Transport Processes in Space Physics and Astrophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Gary P Zank
Date:2014
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Transport Processes in Space Physics and Astrophysics is aimed at graduate level students to provide the necessary mathematical and physics background to understand the transport of gases, charged particle gases, energeticcharged particles, turbulenc e, and radiation in an astrophysical and space physics context. Subjects emphasized in the work include collisional and collisionless processes in gases (neutral or plasma), analogous processes inturbulence fields and radiation fields, and allows for a si mplified treatment of the statistical description of the system. A systematic study that addresses the common tools at a graduate level allows students to progress to a pointwhere they can begin their research in a variety of fields within space physics a nd astrophysics. This book is for graduate students who expect to complete their research in an area of plasma space physics or plasma astrophysics. Byproviding a broad synthesis in several areas of transport theory and modeling, the work also benefits re searchers in related fields by providing an overview that currently does not exist. For numerous interesting and challenging spacephysics and astrophysics problems, there is a need to describe the long-term behavior of systems governed by macroscopic laws and microscopic randomness. A random event has an outcome that is uncertain and unpredictable, yet thecollective behavior of a system can be governed by well defined mathematical and physical principles. Examples of physical problems include the behavior of gases in the presence of microscopic inter-particle collisions, the evolutionof a gas of charged protons and electrons (a plasma), the collective propagation of solar energetic particles or cosmic rays in a magnetically turbulent medium, the collectiv e behavior of dust in an accretion disk subject tocoagulation and destruction, the evolution of low-frequency magnetic field turbulence in the inhomogeneous solar wind, or the transport of photo
Contents:Statistical Background
The Boltzmann transport equation
Charged particle transport in a collisional magnetized plasma
Charged particle transport in a collisionless magnetized plasma
The transport of low frequency turbulence
Radiative transport
ISBN:9781461484806
Series:eBooks
Series:SpringerLink
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v877
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400772410:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the 10th UCLA Symposium on Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe, February 22-24,2012, Marina del Rey, Califor nia / edited by David Cline
Author(s): David Cline
Date:2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:These proceedings provide the latest results on dark matter and dark energy research. The UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy hosted its tenth Dark Matter and Dark Energy conference in Marina del Rey and brought together allthe leaders in the fi eld. The symposium provided a scientific forum for the latest discussions in the field. Topics covered at the symposium: Status of measurements of the equation of state of dark energy and new experiments The search for missing energy events at the LHC and implications for dark matter search Theoretical calculations on all forms of dark matter (SUSY, axions, sterile neutrinos, etc.) Status of the indirect search for dark matterStatus of the direct search for dark matter in detectors around the world The lo w-mass wimp search region The next generation of very large dark matter detectors New underground laboratories for dark matter search
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:List of Talks from DM 2012
List of Attendees at DM 2012
Brief Overview
Theoretical Precision: Cosmology and Dark Matter
Radiative natural supersymmetry with mixed axion/higgsino cold dark matter
Finite Temperature density profile in SFD
An argument for axion dark matter
Supersymmetric Dark Matter at XENON100 and the LHC: No
Scale F
SU(5) Stringy Correlations
Approaches on self
gravitating Bose
Einstein condensates
Search for Turbulent Gas through Interstellar Scintillation
Search for Dark Matter LHC, CMB, Fermi LAT
The missing energy events at the LHC and imp
ISBN:9789400772410
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v148
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9789400754102:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:General Relativity [electronic resource]
Author(s): Norbert Straumann
Date:2013
Edition:2nd ed. 2013
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a completely revised and expanded version of the previous classic edition General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics. In Part I the foundations of general relativity are thoroughly developed, whilePart II is devoted to tests of general relativity and many of its applications. Binary pulsars our best laboratories for general relativity are studied in considerable detail. An introduction to gravitational lensing theory isincluded as well, so as to make the current literature on the subject accessible to readers. Considerable attention is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to black holes. This includes a detailed derivation of the Kerrsolution, Israels proof of his uniqueness theorem, and a derivation of the b asic laws of black hole physics. Part II ends with Wittens proof of the positive energy theorem, which is presented in detail, together with the requiredtools on spin structures and spinor analysis. In Part III, all of the differential geometric tools req uired are developed in detail. A great deal of effort went into refining and improving the text for the new edition. New material hasbeen added, including a chapter on cosmology. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in physics, astrophys ics and mathematics. It utilizes a very well structured approach, which should help it continue to be a standardwork for a modern treatment of gravitational physics. The clear presentation of differential geometry also makes it useful for work on string t heory and other fields of physics, classical as well as quantum
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:From the Contents: Part I The General Theory of Relativity
Introduction
Physics in External Gravitational Fields
Einsteins Field Equations
Part II Applications of General Relativity
The Schwarzschild Solution and Classical Tests of General Relativity
Weak Gravitational Fields
The Post
Newtonian Approximation
White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars
Black Holes
The Positive Mass Theorem
Essentials of Friedmann
Lematre Models
Part III Differential Geometry
Differentiable Manifolds
Tangent Vectors, Vector and Tensor Fields
The Lie Derivative
Different
ISBN:9789400754102
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Graduate Texts in Physics, 1868-4513
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642362262:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Electroweak Processes in External Active Media [electronic resource]
Author(s): Alexander Kuznetsov
Nickolay Mikheev
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Expanding on the concept of the authors previous book ElectroweakProcesses in External Electromagnetic Fields, this new book systematically describes the investigation methods for the effects of external active media,both strong electromagnetic field s and hot dense plasma, in quantum processes. Solving the solar neutrino puzzle in a unique experiment conducted with the help of the heavy-waterdetector at the Sudbery Neutrino Observatory, alongwith another neutrino experiments, brings to the fore elect roweak physics in anactive external medium. It is effectively demonstrated that processes of neutrino interactions with active media of astrophysical objects may lead, undersome physical conditions, to such interesting effects as neutrino-driven shockwave revival in a supernova explosion, acherry stone shooting mechanism for pulsar natal kick, and aneutrino pulsar. It is also shown how poorestimates of particledispersion in external active media sometimes lead to confusion. Thebook will appeal to graduate and post-graduate students of theoreticalphysics with a prior understanding of Quantum Field Theory (QFT) andthe Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions, as well asto specialists in QFT who want to know more about the problems ofquantum phenomena in h ot dense plasma and external electromagnetic fields
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Solutions of the Dirac Equation in an External Electromagnetic Field
Propagators of Charged Particles in External Active Media
Particle Dispersion inExternal Active Media
Electromagnetic Interactions inExternal Active Media
Neutrino
Electron Interactions in External Active Media
Neutrino
Photon Interactions inExternal Active Media
Conclusion
ISBN:9783642362262
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, 0081-3869 : v252
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783642309700:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High Energy Astrophysics [electronic resource] : An Introduction
Author(s): Thierry J.-L Courvoisier
Date:2013
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:High-energy astrophysics has unveiled a Universe very different from that only known from optical observations. It has revealed many types of objects in which typical variability timescales are as short as years, months, days, andhours (in quasars, X -ray binaries, and other objects), and even down to milli-seconds in gamma ray bursts. The sources of energy that are encountered are only very seldom nuclear fusion, and most of the time gravitation, a paradox whenone thinks that gravitation is, by many orders of magnitude, the weakest of the fundamental interactions. The understanding of these objects' physical conditions and the processes revealed by high-energy astrophysics in the lastdecades is nowadays part of astrophysicists' culture, even of those active in other domains of astronomy. This book evolved from lectures given to master and PhD students at the University of Geneva since the early 1990s. It aims atproviding astronomers and physicists intending to be active in high-energy astrophysics a broad basis on which they should be able to build the more specific knowledge they will need. While in the first part of the book the physicalprocesses are described and derived in detail, the second part studies astrophysical objects in which high-energy astrophysics plays a crucial role. This two-pronged approach will help students recognise physical processes by theirobservational signatures in contexts that may differ widely from those presented here
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Physical Processes
1 The framework
2 Radiation of an accelerated charge
3 Bremsstrahlung
4 Cyclotron line emission
5 Synchrotron emission
6 Compton processes
7 Comptonisation
8 Pair Processes
9 Particle acceleration
10 Accretion
11 Radiation inefficient accretion flows
Part II Astrophysical Objects
12 Black holes and accretion efficiency
13 Neutron Stars
14 Pulsars
15 The HulseTaylor pulsar and gravitational radiation
16 X
ray binaries
17 X
ray binaries evolution
18 Relativistic jets
19 Gamma ray bursts
20 Active galactic
ISBN:9783642309700
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2013-9783319000473:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics [electronic resource] : Quarks and Gluons / Atomic Nuclei / Relativity and Cosmology / Biological Systems
Author(s): Walter Greiner
Date:2013
Publisher:Heidelberg : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Nuclear physics is an exciting, broadly faceted field. It spans a wide range of topics, reaching from nuclear structure physics to high-energy physics, astrophysics and medical physics (heavy ion tumor therapy). New developmentsare presented in this volume and the status of research is reviewed. A major focus is put on nuclear structure physics, dealing with superheavy elements and with various forms of exotic nuclei: strange nuclei, very neutron rich nuclei,nuclei of antimatter. Also quantum electro dynamics of strong fields is addressed, which is linked to the occurrence of giant nuclear systems in, e.g., U+U collisions. At high energies nuclear physics joins with elementary particlephysics. Various chapters address the theory of elementary matter a t high densities and temperature, in particular the quark gluon plasma which is predicted by quantum chromodynamics (QCD) to occur in high-energy heavy ion collisions.In the field of nuclear astrophysics, the properties of neutron stars and quark stars ar e discussed. A topic which transcends nuclear physics is discussed in two chapters: The proposed pseudocomplex extension of Einstein's GeneralRelativity leads to the prediction that there are no black holes and that big bang cosmology has to be revised. F inally, the interdisciplinary nature of this volume is further accentuated by chapters on protein folding and onmagnetoreception in birds and many other animals
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Superheavy Elements
Nuclear Structure and Reactions
High
Energy Nuclear Physics
Astrophysics, Particle Physics
Atomic Physics
Theoretical Biology
Photographs
ISBN:9783319000473
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:FIAS Interdisciplinary Science Series
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400754225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From Ultra Rays to Astroparticles [electronic resource] : A Historical Introduction to Astroparticle Physics
Author(s): Brigitte Falkenburg
Wolfgang Rhode
Date:2012
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The book is a historical introduction to astroparticle physics. Its scope is to give an overview of this complex field of research, starting with the discovery of cosmic rays (Victor Hess, 1912) until the current experiments withparticle telescopes. The book focuses on the ways in which physics changes in the course of this history. The following changes run parallel, overlap, and/or interact: - Discovery of effects like X-rays, radioactivity, cosmic rays,new particles, the Cosmic Microwave Backgro und and its anisotropies, but also progress through non-discoveries (monopoles) etc. - The change of the description of nature in physics, as consequence of the scientific revolutionsat the beginning of the 20th century, giving rise to quantum physics, relativity, etc. - The shifts from particle physics to cosmology and to particle physics with cosmic accelerators. - The change of experimental methods,cooperations, and disciplinary divisions. With regard to the latter change, a main topic of the boo k is to make the specific multi-disciplinary features of astroparticle physics clear to undergraduate and graduate students,historians of physics, and philosophers of science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:1 Introduction
2 From the discovery of radioactivity to first accelerator experiments
3 Development of Cosmology:From a Static Universe to Accelerated Expansion
4 Evolution of Astrophysics5.1 Introduction and General Overview
5 Development of Ultra High
Energy Cosmic Ray Research
6 Very
High Energy Gamma
Ray Astronomy
7 Search for the neutrino mass and low energy neutrino astronomy
8 From Particle Physics to Astroparticle Physics: Proton Decay and the Rise of Non
Accelerator Physics
10 From Waves to Particle Tracks and Quantum Probabilities
A Timetable
B Nob
ISBN:9789400754225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9789400724631:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particles and Fundamental Interactions [electronic resource]
Author(s): Sylvie Braibant
Giorgio Giacomelli
Maurizio Spurio
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Undergraduate textbook
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
Contents:1. Historical notes and fundamental concepts -- 2. Particle interactions with matter and detectors -- 3. Particle accelerators and particle detection -- 4. The paradigm of interactions: the electromagnetic case -- 5. First discussion of the other fund amental interactions -- 6. Invariance and conservation principles -- 7. Hadron interactions at low energies and teh static quark model -- 8. Weak interactions and neutrinos -- 9. Discoveries in electron-positron collisions -- 10. High energy interactions and the dynamic quark model -- 11. The standard model of the microcosm -- 12. CP-violation and particle oscillations -- 13. Microcosm and macrocosm -- 14. Fundamental aspects of nucleon interactions -- Appendix A
ISBN:9789400724631
Series:Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics
Series:e-books
Keywords: Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons , Mathematical Methods in Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642300325:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos and Cosmic-Rays with ANITA-2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Matthew Joseph Mottram
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The winner of UCL's annual HEP thesis prize, this work describes an analysis of the data from the second flight of the Antarctica Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA). ANITA is a balloon-borne experiment that searches for radiosignals originating from ultra-high energy neutrinos and cosmic rays interacting with the Antarctic ice or air. The search for ultrahigh energy neutrinos of astrophysical origin is one of the outstanding experimental challenges of the21st century. The ANITA experiment was design ed to be the most sensitive instrument to ultra-high energy neutrinos that originate from the interactions of cosmic rays with the cosmic microwave background. The methodology and results ofthe neutrino and cosmic ray searches are presented in the thesis
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Particle Physics and the Neutrino
Ultra
High Energy Astro
Particle Physics
The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna
Event Simulation
ANITA
2 Data Analysis
Cosmic
Ray Search
Neutrino Search
ISBN:9783642300325
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642300318:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos and Cosmic-Rays with ANITA-2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Matthew Joseph Mottram
Date:2012
Publisher:Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Monograph
Note:Springer 2012 Physics and Astronomy eBook collection
Note:Springer e-book platform
ISBN:9783642300318
Series:Springer Theses
Series:e-books
Keywords: Particle Acceleration and Detection, Beam Physics , Astrophysics and Astroparticles , Measurement Science and Instrumentation
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642275883:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Taking the Back off the Watch [electronic resource] : A Personal Memoir
Author(s): Thomas Gold
Simon Mitton
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Thomas Gold (1920-2004) had a curious mind that liked to solve problems. He was one of the most remarkable astrophysicists in the second half of the twentieth century, and he attracted controversy throughout his career. Based ona full-length autobiog raphy left behind by Thomas Gold, this book was edited by the astrophysicist and historian of science, Simon Mitton (University of Cambridge). The book is a retrospective on Golds remarkable life. He fled fromVienna in 1933, eventually settling in England and completing an engineering degree at Trinity College in Cambridge. During the war, he worked on naval radar research alongside Fred Hoyle and Hermann Bondi which, in an unlikelychain of events, eventually led to his working with them on steady-state cosmology. In 1968, shortly after their discovery, he provided the explanation of pulsars as rotating neutron stars. In his final position at Cornell, he and hiscolleagues persuaded the US Defense Department to fund the conversion of the giant radio teles cope at Arecibo in Puerto Rico into a superb instrument for radio astronomy. Golds interests covered physiology, astronomy, cosmology,geophysics, and engineering. Written in an intriguing style and with an equally intriguing foreword by Freeman Dyson, thi s book constitutes an important historical document, made accessible to all those interested in the history ofscience.
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword by Freeman Dyson
Introduction by Simon Mitton
School Years in Troubled Times
Wartime Student Days
Wartime Work for the British Navy
Return to Cambridge: The Citadel of Learning
Appointment at the Royal Greenwich Observatory
Move to America
Move to Cornell
The Pulsar Era
NASA: The Love
Hate Relationship
The origin of Petroleum on Earth
Earthquakes
Unfinished Business
ISBN:9783642275883
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v381
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Mines and mineral resources , Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642247071:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clusters in Nuclei, Vol.2 [electronic resource]
Author(s): Christian Beck
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is today one of those domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics that faces the greatest challenges, yet also containsthe greatest opportuni ties. After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physicists has decided to collaborate in producing a comprehensive collection of lecturesand tutorial reviews covering the field. This second volume follows the successful Lect. Notes Phys. 818 (Vol.1), and comprises six extensive lectures covering the following topics: Microscopic cluster models Neutron halo and break-up reactions Break-up reaction models for two- and three-cluster p rojectiles Clustering effects within the di-nuclear model Nuclearalpha-particle condensates Clusters in nuclei: experimental perspectives By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical style of presentation throughout, these lec tures will serve as both areference and an advanced teaching manual for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Microscopic Cluster Models
Neutron Halo and Breakup Reactions
Breakup Reaction Models for Two
and Three
Cluster Projectiles
Clustering Effects Within the Dinuclear Model
Nuclear Alpha
Particle Condensates
Clusters in Nuclei: Experimental Perspectives
ISBN:9783642247071
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v848
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642242267:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Nuclear Physics with Polarized Particles [electronic resource]
Author(s): Hans Paetz gen. Schieck
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The measurement of spin-polarization observables in reactions of nuclei and particles is of great utility and advantage when the effects of single-spin sub-states are to be investigated. Indeed, the unpolarized differentialcross-section encompasses t he averaging over the spin states of the particles, and thus loses details of the interaction process. This introductory text combines, in a single volume, course-based lecture notes on spin physics and onpolarized-ion sources with the aim of providing a concise yet self-contained starting point for newcomers to the field, as well as for lecturers in search of suitable material for their courses and seminars. A significant part ofthe book is devoted to introducing the formal theorya description of polari zation and of nuclear reactions with polarized particles. The remainder of the text describes the physical basis of methods and devices necessary to performexperiments with polarized particles and to measure polarization and polarization effects in nuclea r reactions. The book concludes with a brief review of modern applications in medicine and fusion energy research. For reasons ofconciseness and of the pedagogical aims of this volume, examples are mainly taken from low-energy installations such as tandem Van de Graaff laboratories, although the emphasis of present research is shifting to medium- and high-energynuclear physics. Consequently, this volume is restricted to describing non-relativistic processes and focuses on the energy range from astrophysic al energies (a few keV) to tens of MeV. It is further restricted to polarimetry ofhadronic particles
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Dedication
Preface
Introduction
Spin States and Spin Polarization
Density Operator, Density Matrix
Rotations, Angular Dependence of the Tensor Moments
Description of Nuclear Reactions of Particles With Spin
Partial Wave Expansion
Charged
particle Versus Neutron
induced Reactions
Sources and Targets of Polarized H and D Ions
Polarization by Optical Pumping
Production of Polarization by Other Methods
Measurement of Polarization Observables
Polarimetry
Medical Applications
Polarized Fusion
Outlook
List of References
Index
ISBN:9783642242267
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v842
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642218156:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Observational Astrophysics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Pierre Lna
Daniel Rouan
Franois Lebrun
Franois Mignard
Didier Pelat
Date:2012
Edition:3rd ed. 2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This is the updated, widely revised, restructured and expanded third edition of Lna et al.'s successful work Observational Astrophysics. It presents a synthesis on tools and methods of observational astrophysics of the early21st century. Written spec ifically for astrophysicists and graduate students, this textbook focuses on fundamental and sometimes practical limitations on the ultimate performance that an astronomical system may reach, rather thanpresenting particular systems in detail. In little m ore than a decade there has been extraordinary progress in imaging and detection technologies, in the fields of adaptive optics, optical interferometry, in the sub-millimetrewaveband, observation of neutrinos, discovery of exoplanets, to name but a few ex amples. The work deals with ground-based and space-based astronomy and their respective fields. And it also presents the ambitious concepts behind spacemissions aimed for the next decades. Avoiding particulars, it covers the whole of the electromagnetic s pectrum, and provides an introduction to the new forms of astronomy becoming possible with gravitational waves and neutrinos. Italso treats numerical aspects of observational astrophysics: signal processing, astronomical databases and virtual observatorie s
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Foundations
1 Astrophysical Information
2 The Earth Atmosphere and Space
3 Radiation and Photometry
4 SpaceTime Reference Frames
Part II Data Collection
5 Telescopes and Images
6 Diffraction and Image Formation
7 Detectors
8 Spectral Analysis
Part III Data Analysis
9 The Signal in Astronomy
10 Sky Surveys and Virtual Observatories
A Fourier Transforms
B Random Processes and Variables
C Physical and Astronomical Constants
D Tables of Space Missions
E Webography
F Acronyms
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9783642218156
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642132711:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Handbook of Particle Detection and Imaging [electronic resource]
Author(s): Claus Grupen
Irne Buvat
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The handbook centers on detection techniques in the field of particle physics, medical imaging and related subjects. It is structured into three parts. The first one is dealing with basic ideas of particle detectors, followed byapplications of these devices in high energy physics and other fields. In the last part the large field of medical imaging using similar detection techniques is described. The different chapters of the book are written by world expertsin their field. Clear instructions on the detection techniques and principles in terms of relevant operation parameters for scientists and graduate students are given.Detailed tables and diagrams will make this a very useful handbookfor the application of these techniques in many different fields like physics, medicine, biology and other areas of natural science
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:VOLUME 1:
PART 1: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF DETECTORS AND ACCELERATORS
Interactions of Particles and Radiation with Matter
Electronics Part I
Electronics Part II
Data Analysis
Statistics
Accelerators for Particle Physics
Synchrotron Radiation and FEL Instrumentation
Calibration of Radioactive Sources
Radiation Protection
PART 2: SPECIFIC TYPES OF DETECTORS
Gaseous Detectors
Tracking Detectors
Photon Detectors
Neutrino Detectors
Scintillation Counters
Semiconductor Counters
Gamma
Ray Detectors
Cherenkov Counters
Muon Spectrometers
Calo
ISBN:9783642132711
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Radiology, Medical , Astrophysics , Particle acceleration , Nuclear engineering , Archaeology
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9783642019364:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Black Hole Astrophysics [electronic resource] : The Engine Paradigm
Author(s): David L Meier
Date:2012
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:As a result of significant research over the past 20 years, black holes are now linked to some of the most spectacular and exciting phenomena in the Universe, ranging in size from those that have the same mass as stars to thesuper-massive objects tha t lie at the heart of most galaxies, including our own Milky Way. This book first introduces the properties of simple isolated holes, then adds in complications like rotation, accretion, radiation, and magneticfields, finally arriving at a basic understan ding of how these immense engines work. Black Hole Astrophysics reviews our current knowledge of cosmic black holes and how they generate the most powerful observed pheonomena in theUniverse highlights the latest, most up-to-date theories and discoverie s in this very active area of astrophysical research demonstrates why we believe that black holes are responsible for important phenomena such as quasars,microquasars and gammaray bursts explains to the reader the nature of the violent and spectacular o utfl ows (winds and jets) generated by black hole accretion
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Part I Observations of Black Hole Engines
Recognizing Black Holes
Macroquasars: Supermassive Black Holes in the Centers of Galaxies
Microquasars: Black holes (and Neutron Stars) of Stellar Mass in Our Galaxy
Miniquasars: Elusive Black Holes of Intermediate Mass
Part II Physics of Black Hole Engines
Physics in Everyday Life: A Review of Newtonian Mechanics
Geometry and Physics Without Gravity: Special Relativity
Physics in Curved Spacetime: General Relativity and Black Holes
Four
Dimensional Evolving Geometry: Gravitational Waves and Gravitational Collapse
Nuts and
ISBN:9783642019364
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781907343728:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Fundamentals of Cosmic Particle Physics [electronic resource]
Author(s): Maxim Khlopov
Date:2012
Publisher:Cambridge : Cambridge International Science Publishing Ltd. : Imprint: Cambridge International Science Publishing
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This current updated and expanded (this is an up-dated English translation of Prof. Khlopov's book Osnovy kosmomikrofiziki, URSS, 2004) text reflects the large number of scientific advances, both theoretical and experimental,within the discipline of cosmic particle physics in the last 10 years. Some of the topics that have been added or updated include but are not limited to: HND or CMD+HND scenarios being implemented into sterile neutrino scenarios, theramifications of extending the forms of dark ma tter with respect to our view of neutrinos, the origin of baryon matter and the need for nonbaryonic matter in current theories, problems the existence of dark matter raises with respectto cosmic particle physics and the relationship with (meta) stable (s uper) weakly interacting particles predicted by the extension of the standard model, restrictions on baryon and lepton photons, as well as problems associated withexpansion, just to name a few. These and many other topics are readdressed in light of recen t both experimental and theoretical developments. Other areas that will be of interest to the reader include the puzzles presented by directand indirect effects of dark matter (e.g, results of experiments such as DAMA/NaI, DAMA/LIBRA and PAMELA) and may l ead to nontrivial new solutions for the problem of its nature, like the existence of new stable families of quarks andleptons and composite dark matter scenario. The present work will be of interest to any researcher in this fascinating field dealing with fundamental interactions of the micro- and macroworld
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Hidden sector of particle physics
Hidden parameters of modern cosmology
Cosmoarcheology of early Universe
Relic particles in the period of Big Bang nucleosynthesis
Antiprotons in the Universe after Big Bang nucleosynthesis
Non
equilibrium effects as a test of new physics
New physics in formation of the large
scale structure
Physical nature of dark matter of the Universe
Mirror world in the Universe
Cosmoparticle physics of horizontal unification
ISBN:9781907343728
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781461421948:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:New Eyes on the Universe [electronic resource] : Twelve Cosmic Mysteries and the Tools We Need to Solve Them
Author(s): Stephen Webb
Date:2012
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:Today's scientists have at their command a wide range of sensitive and powerful instruments, not only those that capture electromagnetic radiation but also 'telescopes' for cosmic rays, neutrinos, gravitational waves, and darkmatter. Using the vast a mount of observational data produced by this new generation of observatories and telescopes, New Eyes on the Universe shows how some of the outstanding puzzles inherent in our emerging world view might besolved. With color illustrations throughout the tex t, this book is a fascinating exploration of the mysteries that the Universe still contains, such as - What is causing the Universe to blow itself apart? - What could be powering theluminous gamma-ray bursters? - Where is all the matter in the Universe? - Do other Earths exist? - What is the nature of dark matter? New Eyes on the Universe looks at these and other key issues in modern astronomy and cosmology. Itexplains clearly, without recourse to mathematics, why each question is puzzling and worthy of r esearch
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: The oldest light in the Universe
Chapter 3: Through a glass, darkly
Chapter 4: A problem of some gravity
Chapter 5: Where God divides by zero
Chapter 6: The Oh my God particles
Chapter 7: Deep sea, deep snow...deep space
Chapter 8: Far as human eye can see
Chapter 9:A new messenger from the cosmos
Chapter 10: The cosmic
wide web
Chapter 11: Nurseries in space
Chapter 12: Other Earths
Chapter 13: Listening out for life
Glossary of terms
Glossary of facilities and experiments
Bibliography
Index
ISBN:9781461421948
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2012-9781441988225:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Matter, Dark Matter, and Anti-Matter [electronic resource] : In Search of the Hidden Universe
Author(s): Alain Mazure
Vincent Le Brun
Date:2012
Publisher:Boston, MA : Springer US : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:For over ten years, the dark side of the universe has been headline news. Detailed studies of the rotation of spiral galaxies, and 'mirages' created by clusters of galaxies bending the light from very remote objects, haveconvinced astronomers of the presence of large quantities of dark (unseen) matter in the cosmos. Moreover, in the 1990s, it was discovered that some four to five billion years ago the expansion of the universe entered a phase ofacceleration. This implies the existence of dark energy. The nature of these 'dark ingredients remains a mystery, but they seem to comprise about 95 percent of the matter/energy content of the universe. As for ordinary matter,although we are immersed in a sea of dark particles, including primordial neutrinos a nd photons from 'fossil' cosmological radiation, both we and our environment are made of ordinary, baryonic matter. Strangely, even if 15-20 percentof matter is baryonic matter, this represents only 4-5 percent of the total matter/energy content of the co smos. Here, authors Alain Mazure and Vincent Le Brun present the inventory of matter, both baryonic and exotic, andinvestigatethe nature and fate of matter's twin, anti-matter. According to the standard model, matter and anti-matter should have been forme d in equal quantities. Yet there seems to have been a very slight asymmetry, as yetunexplained, where 100,000,001 particles of matter formed for every 100,000,000 particles of anti-matter! The authors show how developments in technology have led to signif icant progress in scientific research and how, in tandem withthe evolution of new ideas, these advances are helping to lift the cosmic veil
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Author's preface
Acknowledgments
List of illustrations
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Matter concentrated
Chapter 3: The realm of the nebulae
Chapter 4: Getting warmer..
Chapter 5: Cosmic Cluedo: where, when, and how?
Chapter 6: 300,000 years on: all present and correct
Chapter 7: Cosmic canvas
Chapter 8: Lifting the veil: simulations
Chapter 9: A constant search
Chapter 10: From telescopes to accelerators
Appendices
ISBN:9781441988225
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Praxis Books
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642196270:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Transient Radio Sky [electronic resource]
Author(s): Evan Francis Keane
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The high time-resolution radio sky represents unexplored astronomical territory. This thesis presents a study of the transient radio sky, focussing on millisecond scales. As such, the work is concerned primarily with neutronstars. In particular this research concentrates on a recently identified group of neutron stars, known as RRATs, which exhibit radio bursts every few minutes to every few hours. After analysing neutron star birthrates, a re-analysis ofthe Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey is describe d which has resulted in the discovery of 19 new transient radio sources. Of these, 12 have been seen to repeat and a followup campaign of observations has been undertaken. These studieshave greatly increased our knowledge of the rotational properties of R RATs and enable us to conclude that they are pulsars with extreme nulling and/or pulse-to-pulse modulation. Although the evolution of neutron stars post-supernova isnot yet understood, it seems that RRATs fit into the emerging picture in which pulsar magn etospheres switch between stable configurations
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Transients
Neutron Stars
NS Birthrates
PMSingle
RRAT Timing
New Timing Solutions
X
ray & Optical Observations
RRATs: An Overview
Conclusions
Radio Astronomy Equations
Neutron Stars: Supplementary
Birthrates: Supplementary
PMSingle: Supplementary
ISBN:9783642196270
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Theses
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642175602:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutrinos in Particle Physics, Astronomy and Cosmology [electronic resource]
Author(s): Zhi-Zhong Xing
Shun Zhou
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Neutrinos in Particle Physics, Astronomy and Cosmology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to neutrino physics, neutrino astronomy and neutrino cosmology. The intrinsic properties and fundamental interactionsof neutrinos are describe d, as is the phenomenology of lepton flavor mixing, seesaw mechanisms and neutrino oscillations. The cosmic neutrino background, stellar neutrinos, supernova neutrinos and ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos,together with the cosmological matter-antimatter asymmetry and other roles of massive neutrinos in cosmology, are discussed in detail. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of particle physics,particle astrophysics and cosmology. Dr. Zhizhong Xing is a professor at th e Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Dr. Shun Zhou is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the Max Planck Institute forPhysics, Germany
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Neutrinos: Past, Present and Future
Neutrinos within the Standard Model
Neutrinos beyond the Standard Model
Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations
Neutrinos from Stars
Neutrinos from Supernovae
Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Neutrinos
Neutrinos and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
Neutrinos and Cosmological Perburbations
Neutrinos and Matter
Antimatter Asymmetry
Other Topics of Neutrino Astrophysics
ISBN:9783642175602
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China, 1995-6819 : v0
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2011-9783642172519:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:High-Energy Emission from Pulsars and their Systems [electronic resource] : Proceedings of the First Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics
Author(s): Diego F Torres
Nanda Rea
Date:2011
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The aim of the inaugural meeting of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics was to address, in a global context, the current understanding of and challenges in high-energy emissions from isolated and non-isolated neutron stars, andto confront the theore tical picture with observations of both the Fermi satellite and the currently operating ground-based Cherenkov telescopes. Participants have also discussed the prospects for possible observations with plannedinstruments across the multi-wavelength spectru m (e.g. SKA, LOFAR, E-VLT, IXO, CTA) and howthey will impact our theoretical understanding of these systems. In keeping with the goals of the Forum, this book not only represents theproceedings of the meeting, but also a reflection on the state-of-the-art in the topic
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Radio Pulsar Phenomenology
Radio pulsar populations
Pulsar Results with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
Fermi view of the EGRET pulsars
Garden
variety Gamma
ray Pulsars J0248+6021& J2240+5832
Extension studies of galactic sources with Fermi
Advances in understanding double features in radio pulsar profiles
Emission from the Polar Cap and Slot Gap
Gamma
ray emission and pair creation of outer gap
What Pulsar High
Energy Emission Model Survives?
Current Models of Pulsar Magnetospheres
Modeling of y
ray Pulsar Light Curves from Force
Free Magnetosphere
A T
ISBN:9783642172519
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048137374:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Solar Neutrons and Related Phenomena [electronic resource]
Author(s): Lev Dorman
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book presents the first comprehensive compilation and review of the extensive body of experimental and theoretical material on solar neutrons and related phenomena published in the scientific literature over the last sixtyyears. Phenomena relate d to solar neutrons are more specifically: the decay products of solar neutrons solar gamma rays generated in processes like nuclear reactions between solar energetic charged particles and matter of the solaratmosphere, as well as by the capture of solar neutrons by hydrogen atoms in the solar atmosphere the propagation of solar neutrons, solar gamma rays and other secondary particles through the solar photosphere, chromosphere and corona,as well as through interplanetary space and through the Earth's atm osphere. Models and simulations of particle acceleration, interactions, and propagation processes show that observations of solar neutrons and gamma rays in space andin the Earth's atmosphere yield essential and unique information on the source function o f energetic solar particles, as well as on the chemical composition and density distribution of plasma in the solar atmosphere. The resultsdescribed in the book may also be useful for astrophysical studies of other stars and different astrophysical object s, as well as for space weather problems. The book will serve as a reference work for researchers and students in solarphysics, plasma, neutron, and gamma ray physics, as well as in cosmic ray physics, space science, geophysics and those researching space weather problems
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Acknowledgements
Frequently used Abbreviations and Notations
Chapter 1. Charged, Accelerated Particle Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere, and the Generation of Secondary Energetic Particles and Radiations: Pioneer Results
Chapter 2. The Events of August 1972 and the Discovery of Solar Gamma
Radiation
Chapter 3. The Events of the June 1980 and June 1982, and the Discovery of Solar Neutrons
Chapter 4. Space Probe Observations of Solar Neutron Events
Chapter 5. Solar Neutron Propagation in the Earth's Atmosphere, and the Sensitivity of Neutron Monitors and other Gro
ISBN:9789048137374
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v365
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048134991:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Cluster Active Archive [electronic resource] Studying the Earth's Space Plasma Environment
Author(s): Harri Laakso
Matthew Taylor
C. Philippe Escoubet
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Since the year 2000 the ESA Cluster mission has been investigating the small-scale structures and processes of the Earth's plasma environment, such as those involved in the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetosphericplasma, in global ma gnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics of the neutral line and of plasmoids. This book contains presentations made at the 15th Cluster workshop held in March 2008. It alsopresents several articles about the Cluster A ctive Archive and its datasets, a few overview papers on the Cluster mission, and articles reporting on scientific findings on the solar wind, the magnetosheath, the magnetopause and themagnetotail
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Products and Services of the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Active Archive: Overview
ASPOC Data Products in the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Ion Spectrometry (CIS) Data in the Cluster Active Archive (CAA)
Digital Wave Processor Products in the Cluster Active Archive
EDI Data Products in the Cluster Active Archive
The EFW Data in the CAA
FGM Data Products in the CAA
PEACE Data in the Cluster Active Archive
RAPID Products at the Cluster Active Archive
STAFF Instrument Products Distributed Through the Cluster Active Archive
Cluster Wideband Data Products in the
ISBN:9789048134991
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Physical geography , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9789048134007:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Impact of HST on European Astronomy [electronic resource]
Author(s): F. Duccio Macchetto
Date:2010
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The Hubble Space Telescope has facilitated major contributions to a wide range of topics in astronomy: The study of nearby planets The processes of star and planet formation The stellar and interstellar components of galaxies Thediscovery that most, if not all, galactic nuclei harbor a massive black hole that profoundly affects their evolution The realisation that the universe as a whole is undergoing acceleration as a result of a yet unknown form of darkenergy. This volume offers a broad perspective of the advancements made possible by the HST over its almost two decades of operation and emphasises their impact on European astronomical research. These proceedings of 41st symposiumin the ESLAB series of the European Space Agency collect the oral and poster papers that were presented and discussed during the meeting
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Stars, star formation, stellar populations and planets
Hot Massive Stars: The Impact of HST
HST Spectroscopy of the Hottest White Dwarfs
Key Abundance Tracers in the UV: FromtheLightestto the Heaviest
UV Spectroscopy of Metal
Poor Massive Stars intheSmall Magellanic Cloud
Star Formation Histories of Resolved Galaxies
HSTs View of the Youngest Massive Stars intheMagellanic Clouds
Planetary Nebulae and Their Central Stars inthe Magellanic Clouds
A Look at Neutron Stars with HST: FromPositions to Physics
The HST Contribution to Neutron Star Astronom
ISBN:9789048134007
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings, 1570-6591
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642138997:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Clusters in Nuclei [electronic resource] : Volume 1
Author(s): Christian Beck
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is presently one of the domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics facing both the greatest challenges andopportunities. After many summer s chools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physics decided to team up in producing a comprehensive collection of lectures and tutorial reviews coveringthe field. This first volume, gathering seven extensiv e lectures, covers the follow topics: * Cluster Radioactivity * Cluster States and Mean Field Theories * Alpha Clustering and Alpha Condensates * Clustering in Neutron-rich Nuclei *Di-neutron Clustering * Collective Clusterization in Nuclei * Giant Nuclea r Molecules By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical nature of presentation throughout, these lectures will both serve as areference and as advanced teaching material for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear phy sics and nuclear astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Cluster Radioactivity
Coexistence of Cluster States and Mean
Field
Type States
Alpha
cluster Condensations in Nuclei and Experimental Approaches for their Studies
Cluster Structure of Neutron
Rich Nuclei Studied with Antisymmetrized Molecular Dynamics Model
Di
Neutron Clustering and Deuteron
like Tensor Correlation in Nuclear Structure Focusing on 11Li
Collective Clusterization in Nuclei and Excited Compound Systems: The Dynamical Cluster
Decay Model
Giant Nuclear Systems of Molecular Type
ISBN:9783642138997
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v818
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783642128660:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Dense Matter in Compact Stars [electronic resource] : A Pedagogical Introduction
Author(s): Andreas Schmitt
Date:2010
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The purpose of these lectures is to address the following two strongly coupled issues: What is the ground state (and its properties) of dense (quark) matter? What is the matter composition of a compact star? In order tofulfill their primary goal - to remain both concise and accessible to the beginning graduate student or other newcomers to the field - the only prerequisites are a working knowledge of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics as wellas a first course in quantum field theory. More adv anced material will be introduced as the text progresses and an appendix covers basic elements of thermal quantum field theory at finite chemical potential. Instead of developing allrelevant formal tools (which is not even fully possible in the regime of QCD considered here), calculations are physically motivated, making the reader familiar with the theories and technicalities by learning by doing. In thisway these lectures will guide and prepare the reader towards further investigations and own theoretic al research in this exciting field at the interface of nuclear, particle and astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction
Mass and Radius of the Star
Basic Models and Properties of Dense Nuclear Matter
Superconcuctivity and Superfluidity in a Compact Star
Neutrino Emissivity and Cooling of the Star
Discussion
Basics of Quantum Field Theory at Finite Temperature and Chemical Potential
Glossary
ISBN:9783642128660
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Lecture Notes in Physics, 0075-8450 : v811
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Nuclear physics , Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2010-9783540769415:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Extensive Air Showers [electronic resource] : High Energy Phenomena and Astrophysical Aspects A Tutorial, Reference Manual and Data Book
Author(s): Peter K.F Grieder
Date:2010
Edition:1
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Extensive air showers are a very unique phenomenon. In the more than six decades since their discovery by Auger et al. we have learned a great deal about these extremely energetic events and gained deep insights into high-energyphenomena, particle ph ysics and astrophysics. In this Tutorial, Reference Manual and Data Book Peter K. F. Grieder provides the reader with a comprehensive view of the phenomenology and facts of the various types of interactions andcascades, theoretical background, experimenta l methods, data evaluation and interpretation, and air shower simulation. He discusses astrophysical aspects of the primary radiation and addresses the questions that continue to puzzleresearchers. The book is divided into two parts, each in its own separ ate volume: Part I in Volume I deals mainly with the basic theoretical framework of the processes that determine an air shower and ends with a summary of ways toextract information on the primary radiation from air shower observations. It also presents a compilation of data representing our current knowledge of the high-energy portion of the primary spectrum and composition. Part II in VolumeII mainly contains compilations of experimental and theoretical data, as well as predictions from simulations of in dividual air shower constituents. Also included are chapters dedicated exclusively to special processes and detectionmethods: optical atmospheric Cherenkov and fluorescence phenomena that represent special observational windows and have proven to be succe ssful alternatives to particle measurements, yielding three-dimensional insights into the showerprocess, as well as radio emission, which may develop into a useful future method of detection
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:I
Introduction, Facts and Phenomenology
Shower Detection Methods and Basic Event Reconstruction
Hadronic Interactions and Cascades
Electromagnetic Interactions and PhotonElectron Cascades
Muon and Neutrino Interactions
Longitudinal Development and Equal Intensity Distributions
Depth of Shower Maximum and Elongation Rate
Lateral Structure of Showers and Energy Flow
Temporal Structure of Showers and Front Curvature
Derived Shower and Interaction Parameters, Refined Event Reconstruction
Primary Cosmic Radiation and Astrophysical Aspects
II
Common Shower P
ISBN:9783540769415
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540851226:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Tools of Radio Astronomy [electronic resource]
Author(s): Thomas L Wilson
Kristen Rohlfs
Susanne Httemeister
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The recent years have seen breathtaking progress in technology, especially in the receiver and digital technologies relevant for radio astronomy, which has at the same time advanced to shorter wavelengths. This is the updated andcompletely revised 5t h edition of the most used introductory text in radio astronomy. It presents a unified treatment of the entire field from centimeter to sub-millimeter wavelengths. Topics covered include instruments, sensitivityconsiderations, observational methods and in terpretations of the data recorded with both single dishes and interferometers. This text is useful to both students and experienced practicing astronomers. Besides making major updates andadditions throughout the book, the authors have re-organized a num ber of chapters to more clearly separate basic theory from rapidly evolving practical aspects. Further, problem sets have been added at the end of each chapter
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Radio Astronomical Fundamentals
Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Fundamentals
Wave Polarization
Signal Processing and Receivers: Theory
Practical Receiver Systems
Fundamentals of Antenna Theory
Practical Aspects of Filled Aperture Antennas
Single Dish Observational Methods
Interferometers and Aperture Synthesis
Emission Mechanisms of Continuous Radiation
Some Examples of Thermal and Nonthermal Radio Sources
Spectral Line Fundamentals
Line Radiation of Neutral Hydrogen
Recombination Lines
Overview of Molecular Basics
Molecules in Interstellar Space
ISBN:9783540851226
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Electromagnetism , Microwaves
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9783540769651:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Neutron Stars and Pulsars [electronic resource]
Author(s): Werner Becker
Date:2009
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:Neutron stars are the most compact astronomical objects in the universe which are accessible by direct observation. Studying neutron stars means studying physics in regimes unattainable in any terrestrial laboratory.Understanding their observed compl ex phenomena requires a wide range of scientific disciplines, including the nuclear and condensed matter physics of very dense matter in neutron star interiors, plasma physics and quantumelectrodynamics of magnetospheres, and the relativistic magneto-hydr odynamics of electron-positron pulsar winds interacting with some ambient medium. Not to mention the test bed neutron stars provide for general relativity theories,and their importance as potential sources of gravitational waves. It is this variety of dis ciplines which, among others, makes neutron star research so fascinating, not only for those who have been working in the field for many yearsbut also for students and young scientists. The aim of this book is to serve as a reference work which not only r eviews the progress made since the early days of pulsar astronomy, but especially focuses on questions such as: Whathave we learned about the subject and how did we learn it?, What are the most important open questions in this area? and What new tools, te lescopes, observations, and calculations are needed to answer these questions?. Allauthors who have contributed to this book have devoted a significant part of their scientific careers to exploring the nature of neutron stars and understanding pulsars. Ev eryone has paid special attention to writing educationalcomprehensive review articles with the needs of beginners, students and young scientists as potential readers in mind. This book will be a valuable source of information for these groups
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9783540769651
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v357
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Relativity (Physics) , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration , Superconductivity
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781441902474:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:From the Outer Heliosphere to the Local Bubble [electronic resource] : Comparisons of New Observations with Theory
Author(s): J. L Linsky
V. V Izmodenov
E Mbius
R Steiger
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:The present volume provides a state-of-the-art synopsis of our current understanding of the dynamic heliosphere, the interstellar clouds surrounding it, the wider neighborhood of the local bubble, and their complex interactions.It is written by many of the researchers who have made key discoveries, observations, and modeling efforts that have led to dramatic progress in the field over the past 25 years. Thus the book is an essential research tool for spacescientists and astronomers alike, including g raduate students for whom it presents a single-point entrance into this complex yet fascinating field
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Foreword
Dedication to Dr. George Gloeckler
The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere
Constraints on the Structure of the Heliospheric Interface Based on Ly? Absorption Spectra
Influence of the Interstellar Magnetic Field and Neutrals on the Shape of the Outer Heliosphere
Confronting Observations and Modeling: The Role oftheInterstellar Magnetic Field in Voyager 1 and 2 Asymmetries
The Dynamic Heliosphere: Outstanding Issues
The Heliospheric Magnetic Field and Its Extension totheInner Heliosheath
Pickup Ion Acceleration at the Termination Shock andintheHelio
ISBN:9781441902474
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Space Sciences Series of ISSI, 1385-7525 : v31
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Planetology , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9781402092640:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Physics of Relativistic Objects in Compact Binaries: From Birth to Coalescence [electronic resource]
Author(s): Monica Colpi
Piergiorgio Casella
Vittorio Gorini
Ugo Moschella
Andrea Possenti
Date:2009
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
Note:Springer 2013 e-book collections
Note:This book provides a comprehensive, authoritative and timely review of the astrophysical approach to the investigation of gravity theories. Particular attention is paid to strong-field tests of general relativity and alternativetheories of gravity, p erformed using collapsed objects (neutron stars, black holes and white dwarfs) in relativistic binaries as laboratories. The book starts with an introduction which gives the background linking experimental gravityin cosmic laboratories to astrophysics and fundamental physics. Subsequent chapters cover observational and theoretical aspects of the following topics: from binaries as test-beds of gravity theories to binary pulsars as cosmiclaboratories from binary star evolution to the formation of relativist ic binaries from short gamma-ray bursts to low mass X-ray binaries from stellar-mass black hole binaries to coalescing super-massive black holes in galaxymergers. The book will be useful to researchers, PhD and graduate students in Astrophysics, Cosmology , Physics and Mathematics, who are interested in relativistic astrophysics, experimental gravity and general relativity
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402092640
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v359
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Relativity (Physics)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2009-9780387755342:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Full Meridian of Glory [electronic resource] : Perilous Adventures in the Competition to Measure the Earth
Author(s): Paul Murdin
Date:2009
Publisher:New York, NY : Springer New York
Size:1 online resource
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Note:The Paris Meridian is the name of the line running north-south through the astronomical observatory in Paris. One of the original intentions behind the founding of the Paris Observatory was to determine and measure this line. Tothat end, the French g overnment financed the Paris Academy of Sciences to do so in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries employing both astronomers people who study and measure the stars and geodesists people who studyand measure the Earth. This book is about what they di d and why. Full Meridian of Glory is the first English language presentation of this historical material in its entirety. It is an attractively written story of the scientists whocreated the Paris Meridian. They collaborated and worked together in allianc es, like scientists everywhere they also split into warring factions. They transcended national and political disputes, as scientists do now, their eyes fixedon ideals of accuracy, truth and objectivity. Yet also when their work served national interests they were sometimes less than neutral, and if their work was questioned they sometimes blindly descended into petty politics. This booktells the story of the adventures in France, in Spain, in Lapland and in Ecuador of the scientists who worked through re volution, war, rebellion, piracy, fire, shipwreck, blockade, snow, tropical heat, kidnapping, murder and turbulentlove affairs to pursue a problem of map making. They turned that practical problem into a crucial scientific test of one of the most importan t intellectual problems of their time Newtons theory of universal gravitation. Theirwork changed their own lives, affected the course of science and politics, and left its mark on the landscape, the art and the literature of history and in our own age
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:The Incroyable Pique
nique and the Mridienne Verte
The Size of France
Shape of the Earth
The Meridian and the Sun
The Revolution and the Meter
The Paris Meridian in the Napoleonic Wars
Past its Prime
The Greenwich and Paris Meridians in the Space Age
On the Trail of The Da Vinci Code
Walking the Line: the Arago Memorial
ISBN:9780387755342
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Science History , Physical geography , Astronomy , Science (General)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540793687:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Particles and Nuclei [electronic resource] : An Introduction to the Physical Concepts
Author(s): Bogdan Povh
Klaus Rith
Christoph Scholz
Frank Zetsche
Martin Lavelle
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This well-established textbook gives a uniform and unique presentation of both nuclear and particle physics. Analysis, Part 1, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed touncover the substructur es of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being built out of a small number of elementary building blocks and a small number of fundamentalinteractions. Synthesis, Part 2, shows how the elemen tary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions responsible for the forces in all systems become less and less evident in increasinglycomplex systems. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matter at high temperatures bridge the field of nuclear and particle physics and modern astrophysics and cosmology. The new edition incorporates a largeamount of new experimental results on deep inelastic scattering (obtained at the Electron-Proton Collider HERA a t DESY in Hamburg) into chapters 7 and 8. Translated into many languages, Particles and Nuclei has become a standardreference for advanced and undergraduate courses. From the reviews of an earlier edition: ...an excellent introduction to nuclear and parti cle physics... A very clear presentation... I thus recommend this book as a very goodphenomenological approach to the physics of particles and nuclei... Physicalia
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Hors d'oeuvre
Analysis: The Building Blocks of Matter
Global Properties of Nuclei
Nuclear Stability
Scattering
Geometric Shapes of Nuclei
Elastic Scattering of Nucleons
Deep Inelastic Scattering
Quarks, Gluons, and the Strong Interaction
Particle Production in e+e
Collisions
Phenomenology of the Weak Interaction
Exchange Bosons of the Weak Interaction
The Standard Model
Synthesis: Composite Systems
Quarkonia
Mesons Made from Light Quarks
The Baryons
The Nuclear Force
The Structure of Nuclei
Collective Nuclear Excitations
Nuclear Ther
ISBN:9783540793687
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory , Particles (Nuclear physics) , Plasma (Ionized gases)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540736219:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Standard Model and Beyond [electronic resource] Proceedings of the 2nd International Summer School in High Energy Physics, Mula, 2530 September 2006
Author(s): Takhmasib Aliev
Namik Kemal Pak
Meltem Serin
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This volume collects the edited tutorial lectures given at The Second International Summer School in High Energy Physics in Mgla, Turkey, in September 2006 - an annual event with international participation and a special focus onwork done in the regi ons of central Asia. With emphasis on the standard model and beyond, lectures were devoted to presenting an introduction and update to many of the relevant topics, such as chiral perturbation theory, the Higgsmechanism, heavy flavour and b physics, CP vio lation, the AdS/CFT correspondence, ideas on grand unification and neutrino physics and astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory
Introduction to Higgs Sector: Theory and Phenomenology
Heavy Flavor and B Physcis
Violation: Experimental Results in B Decays
Worldline Formalism and It's Application to AdS/CFT Correspondence
Course on Grand Unification
Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics: Highlights
ISBN:9783540736219
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Springer Proceedings in Physics, 0930-8989 : v118
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Quantum theory
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9783540344124:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Universe in X-Rays [electronic resource]
Author(s): Joachim E Trmper
Gnther Hasinger
Date:2008
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
Note:Springer e-book platform
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Note:In the last 45 years, X-ray astronomy has become an integral part of modern astrophysics and cosmology. There is a wide range of astrophysical objects and phenomena, where X-rays provide crucial diagnostics. In particular they arewell suited to study hot plasmas and matter under extreme physical conditions in compact objects. This book summarizes the present status of X-ray astronomy in terms of observational results and their astrophysical interpretation. Itis written for students, astrophysicists a s well a growing community of physicists interested in the field. An introduction including historical material is followed by chapters on X-ray astronomical instrumentation. The next two partssummarize in 17 chapters the present knowledge on various clas ses of X-ray sources in the galactic and extragalactic realm. While the X-ray astronomical highlights discussed in this book are mainly based on results from ROSAT, ASCA,RXTE, BeppoSAX, Chandra and XMM-Newton, a final chapter provides an outlook on observ ational capabilities and projects discussed for the future
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:X
Ray Astronomical Instrumentation
Overview
Proportional Counters
Scintillation Counters
Imaging Proportional Counters
Aperture Modulation Telescopes
Wolter Optics
CCD Detectors
High Resolution Spectroscopy
Galactic X
Ray Astronomy
Solar System Objects
Nuclear Burning Stars
White Dwarfs
X
Ray Emission of Cataclysmic Variables and Related Objects
Classical Novae
Pulsars and Isolated Neutron Stars
Accreting Neutron Stars
Black
Hole Binaries
X
Ray Studies of Supernovae and Supernova Remnants
The Interstellar Medium
The Galactic Center
ISBN:9783540344124
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402065446:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Short-Period Binary Stars: Observations, Analyses, and Results [electronic resource]
Author(s): Eugene F Milone
Denis A Leahy
David W Hobill
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Short-period binaries run the gamut from widely separated stars to black-hole pairs in between are systems that include neutron stars and white dwarfs, and partially evolved systems such as tidally distorted and over-contactsystems. These objects rep resent stages of evolution of binary stars, and their degrees of separation provide critical clues to how their evolutionary paths differ from that of single stars. The widest and least distorted systemsprovide astronomers with the essential precise data needed to study all stars: mass and radius. The interactions of binary star components, on the other hand, provide a natural laboratory to observe how the matter in these starsbehaves under different and often varying physical conditions. Thus, cataclysmi c variables with and without overpoweringly strong magnetic fields, and stars with densities from that found in the Sun to the degenerate matter of whitedwarfs and the ultra-compact states of neutron stars and black holes are all discussed. The extensive index permits cross-referencing. The objects being discussed are carefully defined in each section and the contributions areorganized according to the compactness of the binaries that are treated. Some treatments are of individual objects others are more general. The observational techniques that are used by the contributors to throw light on these objectsinclude gravitational wave investigations, X-ray, radio, infrared, and optical astronomy and the ways in which these objects are analyzed is also discus sed. Among the specific objects reported is the Double Pulsar, highlighting whatobservations of this object tell us about fundamental physics. The level of the book is appropriate for both professional astronomers in the field as well as people interested in other fields and dedicated amateur astronomers
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402065446
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 0067-0057 : v352
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
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Call number:SPRINGER-2008-9781402061189:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:The Multi-Messenger Approach to High-Energy Gamma-Ray Sources [electronic resource]
Author(s): Josep M Paredes
Olaf Reimer
Diego F Torres
Date:2008
Publisher:Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book provides a theoretical and observational overview of the state of the art of gamma-ray astrophysics, and their impact and connection with the physics of cosmic rays and neutrinos. With the aim of shedding new and freshlight on the problem o f the nature of the gamma-ray sources, particularly those yet unidentified, this book summarizes contributions to a workshop that continues with the series initiated by the meeting held at Tonantzintla in October2000, and Hong-Kong in May 2004. This books will be of interest for all active researchers in the field of high energy astrophysics and astroparticle physics, as well as for graduate students entering into the subject
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9781402061189
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astronomy , Astrophysics
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9788847005303:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:IFAE 2006 [electronic resource] : Incontri di Fisica delle Alte Energie Italian Meeting on High Energy Physics
Author(s): Guido Montagna
Oreste Nicrosini
Valerio Vercesi
Date:2007
Publisher:Milano : Springer Milan
Size:1 online resource
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Note:This book collects the Proceedings of the Workshop ``Incontri di Fisica delle Alte Energie (IFAE) 2006, Pavia, 19-21 April 2006. This is the fifth edition of a new series of meetings on fundamental research in particle physicsand was attended by more than 150 researchers. Presentations, both theoretical and experimental, addressed the status of Standard Model and Flavour phyiscs, Neutrino and Cosmological topics, new insights beyond the presentunderstanding of particle physics and cross-fertilization in areas such as medicine, biology, technological spin-offs and computing. Special emphasis was given to the expectations of the forthcoming Large Hadron Collider, due inoperation in 2007. The venue of plenary sessions interleaved with parallel ones allo wed for a rich exchange of ideas, presented in these Proceedings, that form a coherent picture of the findings and of the open questions in thisextremely challenging cultural field
Note:Springer eBooks
ISBN:9788847005303
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Nuclear physics , Quantum theory , Particle acceleration
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783764375553:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Symmetry [electronic resource] : Cultural-historical and ontological aspects of science-arts relations The natural and man-made world in an interdisciplinary approach
Author(s): Gyrgy Darvas
Date:2007
Publisher:Basel : Birkhuser Basel
Size:1 online resource
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Note:All of us have a certain conception of what symmetry means, at least as far as its main forms are concerned (like mirror-reflection or rotation, but only rarely translation). What are the common features of these transformations?How can one generalis e them to explain similar phenomena that appear in different arts and sciences? What other forms of symmetry can we include in the scope of our study by the application of these generalised rules? How can a commonphenomenon lend possible solutions from on e discipline to another? Did you know that symmetry is a universal concept that has appeared in all cultures since prehistoric times, accompanying us through the history of mankind? Whatimportant role have asymmetries like the one-handedness of the neutri no played in the formation of matter, from the assumed Big Bang through to the asymmetries of the human brain? This book tries to explain these and a number ofrelated questions. This is the first comprehensive book on the topic since the publication of H. Weyls popular book on symmetry more than fifty years ago. It is relevant to almost all fields of science where symmetry appears as aphenomenon or is applied as a method, and where the concept is present in contemporary sciences, humanities and arts. Symm etry used to be a fundamental phenomenon in crystallography, where its basic concept was elaborated, inmorphological biology, and of course in mathematics, which provided its exact description. In the last half century symmetry (and symmetry breaking) has become a leading principle in physics, in all sciences that deal with thestructure of matter, as well as in the biochemistry of proteins, the study of the genetic code, brain research (where functional asymmetries have been revealed), psychology, and in developing architectural structures and in businessdecision-making, to name but a few examples. This book seeks to find common regularities among these apparently disparate phenomena. It covers most
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Preface
Symmetry, Invariance, Harmony
Ancient arts
Geometry
Fibonacci
Crystallography
Molecules
Music
Human body
Perspectives
Theoretical Physics
Astronomy
Nature
Architecture
Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index
ISBN:9783764375553
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Mathematics and Statistics (Springer-11649)
Keywords: Mathematics , Architecture , Arts
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Call number:SPRINGER-2007-9783540499121:ONLINE Show nearby items on shelf
Title:Compact Objects in Astrophysics [electronic resource] : White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars and Black Holes
Author(s): Max Camenzind
Date:2007
Publisher:Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Size:1 online resource
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Note:Compact objects are an important class of astronomical objects in current research. Supermassive black holes play an important role in the understanding of the formation of galaxies in the early Universe. Old white dwarfs arenowadays used to calibrat e the age of the Universe. Mergers of neutron stars and black holes are the sources of intense gravitational waves which will be measured in the next ten years by gravitational wave detectors. Camenzind'sCompact Objects in Astrophysics gives a comprehensi ve introduction and up-to-date overview about the physical processes behind these objects, covering the field from the beginning to most recent results, including all relevantobservations. After a presentation of the taxonomy of compact objects, the basic principles of general relativity are given. The author then discusses in detail the physics and observations of white dwarfs and neutron stars (includingthe most recent equations of state for neutron star matter), the gravitational field of rapidly rotat ing compact objects, rotating black holes (including ray tracing and black hole magnetospheres), gravitational waves, and the newunderstanding of accretion processes by means of the magnetorotational instability of accretion disks. This modern treatise of compact object astrophysics uses the 3+1 split approach to Einstein's equations, and to relativistichydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics. In each chapter problems and solutions help deepen the understanding of the subject. Both advanced students and re searchers will appreciate this book as an advanced textbook and reference on thisfascinating field of astrophysics
Note:Springer eBooks
Contents:Compact Objects in Astrophysics
Gravity of Compact Objects
Matter Models for Compact Objects
Relativistic Stellar Structure
White Dwarfs
Neutron Stars
Rapidly Rotating Neutron Stars
Black Holes
Astrophysical Black Holes
Physics of Accretion Flows around Compact Objects
Epilogue and Future Prospects
ISBN:9783540499121
Series:e-books
Series:SpringerLink (Online service)
Series:Astronomy and Astrophysics Library, 0941-7834
Series:Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
Keywords: Astrophysics , Relativity (Physics)
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